« PreviousContinue »
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
inet-Corrispondence between President Buch-
Attorney General Black's Opinion on the Powers
Constitution of the United States-Points of
The “War Power” called out-Call for 75,000
Corpus-Views of Horace Binney and Theophilus
Corpus Indemnification of the President-De-
Congress, and the Post Office Department.
REPEAL OF THE FUGITIVE SLAVE LAWS, “Con- MISCELLANEOUS PAPERS AND SPEECHES OF
Response to a Serenade, July, 1863—Speech at
the Philadelphia Fair, June 18, 1864-Letters to
Horace Greeley, to the Springfield Mass Conven-
tion, to Col. A. G. Hodges, of Kentucky, and
to the Grant Meeting in New York, June, 1864.
The Trent Affair-Monarchical Intrigues in Cen-
tral and South America-Alleged Foreign En-
listments Foreign Mediation, being Letters
from Secretary Soward to Governor Hicks and
M. Drouyn de l'Huys, and from Lord Lyons to
Earl Russell, with his views on those of Now
York Democrats respecting Foreign Mediation-
The French in Mexico-Congressional Action
thereon-The Arguelles Case.
Summary of Financial Legislation from Decem-
ber, 1860, to June 30, 186+ Special War Income
Tax, and Votes thereon—The “ Legal Tender"
Question-Loan Bill of 1864-National Currency
Acts--Internal Revenue Acts--Proposed Tax
on Slaves-Tariff Acts of 1862 and 1864-Taxes
in Insurrectionary Districts—The Public Credit
in 1860 and 1861-Statements of Public Debt
from June 30, 1860, to June 30, 1864—"Confed-
erate” Finances, with their Tax, Funding, and ·
The Enrollment Acts of 1863 and 1864, with the
Act for Nebraska-Admission of West Virginia
-Opinions of Attorney General Bates on Citizen-
ship, and on the Pay of Colored Soldiers-Mo-
Clellan's Letters Recommending & Political
Policy in the Conduct of the War, and Fam
voring Woodward's Election in Pennsylvania
Proposed Censure of President Lincoln and Ex-
President Buchanan-Consure of Representa
and Orders for the Protection of Colored Sol-
of Colored Men in the “Confederate" Military
Threats of Dissolution in the First Congress,
1789—Prophetic Utterances of Jackson, Benton,
and Clay-Southern Disunion Congressional
Caucus in 1835-Early Hopes of the Rebels-Ex-
President Pierce's Letter to Jefferson Davis,
1860—The Disunion Programme-Letter of D.
L. Yulee, January 7, 1861–Douglas's Last
Words-Progress of the Conspiracy in Maryland
-Minutes of the Baltimore Police Commission-
ery during “the Reign of Terror"-Report to
the Baltimore Councils on Expenditure of the
$500,000 appropriated for Ordnance Purposes
Legislative Action thereon, and other Proceed-
ings by the Maryland Legislature of 1861-Sun-
The National Union Convention and Letters of
Acceptance by President Lincoln and Andrew
Johnson—The Cleveland Convention, and the
Letters of Acceptance of Fremont and Coch-
rano-Col. Cochrane's Address to his Regiment,
Meeting in Washington City, August 6, 1862-
Maine...... New Hampshire Massachusetts.... Rhode Island. Connecticut. Vermont New York... New Jersey Pennsylvania Delaware.... Maryland.... Virginia ... North Carolina.. South Carolina... Georgia.... Kentucky Tennessee... Ohio Louisiana Mississippi... Indiana Illinois Alabama Missouri...... Arkansas. Michigan Florida Texas Iowa Wisconsin. California. Minnesota. Oregon ..
2,046 26,693 6,368
441 25,881 2,112 22,331 34,372 5,939
*7,707 3,291 15,522 14,641 1,969 6,849 218
*62,801 12,776 16,765 *178,871
3,8641 1,023 7,337 41,760 5,966 42,482 74,681 16,290 74,323 44,990 2,701 48,539
No popular vote. 42,886 11,590 51,889 66,058 25,651 53,143 69,274 11,350 64,709 12,194 187,232 11,405 20,204 7,625 22,681 25,040 3,283 40,797 5,306 115,509 12,295 4,913 160,215 2,404 27,875 13,651 48,831 58,372 58,801 31,317 20,094 5,227 28,732
405 65,057 805 5,437 367 8,543 *15,438
47,548 1,763 55,111 1,048 161
65,021 888 6,817
38,516 34,334 62 11,920 748 183 3,951 5,006
Lincoln over Douglas.....
« Bell ...... Other candidates over Lincoln ....
491,295 1,018,499 1,275,821
SECESSION MOVEMENT DEVELOPED.
IMMEDIATELY thereupon, and clearly by nouncing the repeal, Dec. 20th, 1860, by the concert of action previously arranged, vari- good people of South Carolina," of the Ordious disunion Governors hastily took steps to nance of May 23d, 1788, and “ the dissolution procure the passage of ordinances of se- of the union between the State of South cession by Conventions of their States, art- Carolina and other States under the name fully using the unsettled excitements of the of the United States of America," and pro Presidential canvass to that end.
claiming to the world “that the State of These proceedings in brief were as follows: South Carolina is, as she has a right to be,
a separate, sovereign, free and independent SOUTH CAROLINA.
State, and, as such, has a right to levy war, November 6th, 1860. Legislature met to conclude peace, negoțiate treaties, leagues, choose Presidential electors, who voted for or covenants, and to do all acts whatsoever Breckinridge and Lane for President and that rightfully appertain to a free and inVice President. Gov. WILLIAM H. Gist dependent State. recommended in his message that in the “Done in the eighty-fifth year of the event of ABRAHAM Lincoln's election to the sovereignty and independence of South Presidency, a convention of the people of Carolina." the State be immediately called to consider Jan. 3d, 1861. South Carolina Commis. and determine for themselves the mode and sioners left Washington. measure of redress. He expressed the 4th. Convention appointed T. J. Withers, opinion that the only alternative left is the L. M. Keitt, W.W. Boyce, Jas. Chesnut, Jr., "secession of South Carolina from the Fed-R. B. Rhett, Jr., R. W. Barnwell, and C. G. eral Union."
Memminger, delegates to Southern Con7th. United States officials resigned at gress. Charleston.
5th. Convention adjourned, subject to the
13th. Collection of debts due to citizens declaration of war. Approved the Gov-
action.* 17th. Ordinance of Secession adopted unanimously.
* The resolutions are: 21st. Commissioners appointed (BARN- Resolved unanimously, That the General Assembly of WELL, Adams, and Onr) to proceed to Wash- acknowledgment of the friendly motives which inspired
South Carolina tenders to the Legislature of Virginia their ington to treat for the possession of U. S. the mission entrusted to Hon. Judge Robertson, her Com. Government property within the limits of missioner.
Resulved unanimously, That candor, which is due to South Carolina. Commissioners appointed the long-continned synpathy and respect which has subto the other Slaveholding States. Southern sisted between Virginia and South Carolina, induces the Congress proposed.
Assembly to declare with frankness that they do not deem
it advisable to initiate negotiations, when they have no 24th. Representatives in Congress with desire or intention to promote the ultimate object in view. drew.
That object is declared, in the resolution of the Virginia
Legislature, to be the procurement of amendments to, or Gov. Pickens issued a proclamation “an- new guarantees in, the Constitution of the United States.
March 26th. Convention met in Charles
November 26th, 1860. Legislature met April 3d. Ratified “Confederate" Consti- Nov. 26th, and adjourned Nov. 30th. Electution-yeas 114, nays 16. (See p. 398) tion for Convention fixed for Dec. 20th, Con
8th. Transferred forts, etc. to “ Confeder- vention to meet Jan. 7th. Convention bills ate” government.
and secession resolutions passed unaniGEORGIA.
mously. Commissioners appointed to other November 8th, 1860. Legislature met puration in efiecting measures for their common
Slaveholding States to secure " their co-opereuant to previous arrangement. 18th. Convention called. Legislature ap
defence and safety."
Jan. 7th, 1861. Convention assembled. propriated $1,000,000 to arm the State. Dec. 3d. Resolutions adopted in the Leg
9th. Ordinance of Secession passed-yeas
15. islature proposing a Conference of the Southern States at Atlanta, Feb. 20th.
In the ordinance the people of the State January 17th, 1861. Convention met. Re
of Mississippi express their consent to form ceived Commissioners from South Carolina have seceded or may secede from the Union
a federal union with such of the States as and Alabama. 18th. Resolutions declaring it the right basis of the present Constitution of the
of the United States of America, upon the and duty of Georgia to secede, adopted— United States, except such parts thereof as yeas 165, nays 130. 19th. Ordinance of Secession passed
embrace other portions than such seceding
States. şeas 208, nays 89.
10th. Commissioners from other States 21st. Senators and Representatives in Con
received. Resolutions adopted, recognizing gress withdrew.
South Carolina as sovereign and independent. 24th. Elected Delegates to Southern Con
Jan. 12th. Representatives in Congress gress at Montgomery, Alabama.
withdrew. 28th. Elected Commissioners to other
19th. The committee on the Confederacy Slareholding States. 29th. Adopted an address “to the South
in the Legislature reported resolutions to and the world."
provide for a Southern Confederacy, and to
establish a provisional government for seMarch 7th. Convention reassembled. 16th. Ratified the “ Confederate” Consti- ceding States and States hereafter seceding.
21st. Senators in Congress withdrew. tution-yeas 96, nays 5.
March 30th. Ratified “Confederate" Con20th. Ordinance passed authorizing the
stitution-yeas 78, nays 7. * Confederate" government to occupy, use and possess the forts, navy yards, arsenals,
FLORIDA. and custom houses within the limits of said November 26th, 1860. Legislature met. State.
Governor M. S. Perry recommended immeApril 26th. Governor Brown issued a diate secession. proclamation ordering the repudiation by Dec. 1st. Convention bill passed. the citizens of Georgia of all debts due Jan. 3d, 1861. Convention met. Northern men.
7th. Commissioners from South Carolina
and Alabama received and heard. Resoloed unanimously, That the separation of Sonth 10th. Ordinance of Secession passedCarolioa from the Federal Union is final, and she has no further interest in the Constitution of the United States; yeas 62, nays 7. (See p. 399.) and that the only appropriate negotiations between her 18th. Delegates appointed to Southern aed the Federal Government are as to their mutual re- | Congress at Montgomery. lations as foreigo States.
Resolved unanimously, That this Assembly further 21st. Senators and Representatives in ere it to her friendly relations with the State of Virginia Congress withdrew. to declare that they have no confidence in the Federal Govern inent of tbe United States ; that the most solemn
Feb. 14th. Act passed by the Legislature pledges of that government have been disregarded ; that declaring that after any actual collision benoder pretence of preserving property, hostile troops have beza attempted to be introduced into one of the fortresses tween Federal troops and those in the em. of this state, concealed in the hold of a vessel of com- ploy of Florida, the act of holding office 194rte, with
a view to subjugate the people of South Car- under the Federal government shall be de olida, and that even since the authorities at Washington Eave beea informed of the present mediation of Virginia, clared treason, and the person convicted a sessel of war bas been sent to the South, and troops and shall suffer death. Transferred control of magitions of war concentrated on the soil of Virginia.
Resolted unanimously, That in these cireninstances government property captured, to the “Con-
December 10th, 1860. Legislature met. to Border State erabassies: **Hear them, if you please ; treat them with civility;
11th. Convention called for Jan. 23d. Milfeed them, and dreach them in champagne and let them itary bill passed. 20! Let ils act as if they had never come, as if they
12th. Commissioners from Mississippi Led Dot spoken, as if they did not exist; and let them wek to preserve their Treasury pap through some more received and heard. Governor instructed eapple agency than ours. The time has gone by when to communicate with Governors of othor iba yoice of a Virginia politician, though he coo like a dore, should be heard in the land of a patriotic people.", southern States.