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" Japanese subjects shall, within limits not prejudicial to peace and order, and not antagonistic to their duties as subjects, enjoy freedom of religious beliefs. "
Proceedings of the Academy of Political Science in the City of New York - Page 378
1916
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Shinto and the State, 1868-1988

Helen Hardacre - Religion - 1989 - 203 pages
...[subject] shall be protected in the enjoyment of the following rights. ... (9) Freedom of religious belief within limits not prejudicial to peace and order and not antagonistic to the duties as citizens." He provided an alternative article, as follows: "Religious freedom shall be...
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Nationality and International Law in Asian Perspective

Swan Sik Ko - Law - 1990 - 506 pages
...needless to say, Japanese by 10. Dai Nihon Teikoku Kempo. 11. Art. 28 of the old Constitution read: 'Japanese subjects shall, within limits not prejudicial...duties as subjects, enjoy freedom of religious belief.' 12. Art. 20 of the Constitution provides: 'Freedom of religion is guaranteed to all. No religious organization...
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MacArthur's Japanese Constitution

Kyoko Inoue - History - 1991 - 378 pages
...which they granted in limited form in Article 28: Japanese subjects have freedom of religious belief, within limits not prejudicial to peace and order and not antagonistic to their duties as subjects. (My translation) The "References" give twelve European sources (Shimizu 1971-74, 2:369-70). As expected,...
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A History of Christianity in Japan, Volume 1

Otis Cary - History - 1995 - 432 pages
...granted to his people, Article XXVIII. declares : "Japanese subjects shall, within limits not prejudical to peace and order, and not antagonistic to their duties as subjects, enjoy freedom of relig1ous belief." It was but a little over seventeen years since men and women had been sent into...
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Molding Japanese Minds: The State in Everyday Life

Sheldon Garon - History - 1998 - 313 pages
...the world. The Meiji Constitution of 1889 had ambiguously proclaimed the freedom of religious belief "within limits not prejudicial to peace and order, and not antagonistic to their [the Japanese people's] duties as subjects." In contrast, Article 20 of the constitution of 1946 guaranteed...
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The Columbia Guide to Modern Japanese History

Gary D. Allinson - History - 1999 - 259 pages
...taken for the public benefit shall be provided for by law. Article 28. Japanese subjects shall, in limits not prejudicial to peace and order and not...subjects, enjoy freedom of religious belief. Article 29. Japanese subjects shall, in the limits of law, enjoy the liberty of speech, writing, publication,...
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Japan's Hidden Christians, 1549-1999, Volume 1

Stephen R. Turnbull - Social Science - 2000 - 624 pages
...28 of the Meiji constitution which granted subjects "freedom of religious belief," but did so only "within limits not prejudicial to peace and order and not antagonistic to their duties as subjects." Hence a number of religious faiths, including Islam, were banned until after Japanest Journal of Religious...
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Yanaihara Tadao and Japanese Colonial Policy: Redeeming Empire

Susan C. Townsend - History - 2000 - 296 pages
...and strengthen the military].71 Freedom of religious belief was guaranteed but only insofar as it was 'not prejudicial to peace and order, and not antagonistic to their duties as subjects'. Thus a Christian's duty to the Emperor and the State clearly came before his duty to God and the Church....
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Japan: Restless Competitor : the Pursuit of Economic Nationalism

Malcolm Trevor - Social Science - 2001 - 274 pages
...use the one from the preceding year. The Emperor's subjects were allowed freedom of religious belief 'within limits not prejudicial to peace and order and not antagonistic to their duties as subjects' a catch-all piece of wording that would allow the authorities the maximum freedom of interpretation....
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We, the Japanese People: World War II and the Origins of the ..., Volume 1

Dale M. Hellegers - History - 2001 - 826 pages
...curb them indirectly through restrictive definitions. Article 28 guaranteed freedom of religion only "within limits not prejudicial to peace and order, and not antagonistic" to one's duties as a subject. The limits of this right could be set by ordinance. In providing that "no...
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