« PreviousContinue »
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Eastern Passage to India, Brazil, and the Pacific Ocean, 44 - Search for a navigable Pas-
between Asia and America, 64 Measures of the Spanish Government to prevent other
European Nations from settling or trading in America, 66 - These Measures resisted by
the English, the French, and the Dutch – Free Traders and Freebooters infest the West
Indies, 68 — First Voyages of the English in the Pacific, 70 - Voyages of Drake and Cav-
endish, 71 - Endeavors of the English to discover a North-West Passage from the Atlan.
tic to the Pacific, 76 - False Reports of the Discovery of such Passages, 78 — Supposed
Voyages of Urdaneta, Maldonado, and Fonté, 77 — Voyage of Juan de Fuca, 84 - Espedi-
tions of Sebastian Vizcaino, 88 — Supposed Discovery of a great River in North West
1608 to 1768.
The North-West Coasts of North America remain nearly neglected during the whole of this
Period, 93 - Efforts of the English and the Dutch to find new Passages into the Pacific -
Discovery of Hudson's Bay, Baffin's Bay, and the Passage around the Cape of Good Hope,
94- Establishment of British and French Colonies in America - Charter of the Hudson's
Bay Company Endeavors of the Spaniards to settle California unsuccessful, 95 - The
Jesuits undertake the Reduction of California, 96 — Their Success, 97 — American Treaty
between Great Britain and Spain; confirmed by Treaty of Utrecht, 99 — Discovery and
Settlement of Louisiana by the French, 100 — Limits of Louisiana, 101 – Expulsion of
the Jesuits from the Spanish Dominions, 106.
1769 TO 1779.
First Establishments on the West Coast of California founded by the Spaniards, 108 — Dis-
pute between Spain and Great Britain respecting the Falkland Islands, 111 — Exploring
Voyages of the Spaniards under Perez, 114– Heceta and Bodega, 117, and Arteaga and Bo-
dega, 125 - Discovery of Nootka Sound, Norfolk Sound, and the Mouth of the Columbia
River. 120 — Importance of these Discoveries, 124.
sippi, 141 – First Mention of the Oregon River, 142 - Inaccuracy of Carver's Statements,
144 – Journeys of Hearne through the Regions west of Hudson's Bay, 145 — Voyage of
Captain Cook to the North Pacific, 147 — His important Discoveries in that Quarter, and
Death, 157 Return of his Ships to Europe; Occurrences at Canton during their Stay in
that Port, 158.
1780 to 1789.
Commercial Results of Cook's Discoveries, 160 - Settlements of the Russians in America,
161 - Scheme of Ledyard for the Trade of the North Pacific, 162— Voyage of La Pérouse,
163 – Direct Trade between the American Coasts and Canton commenced, 165 — Voyages
of the English Fur Traders — Re-discovery of the Strait of Fuca, 171 — Voyage of
Meares, who endeavors to find a great River described by the Spaniards, 175 — First
Voyages from the United States to the South Pacific, and to Canton, 179— Voyage of the
Columbia and Washington, under Kendrick and Gray, from Boston to the North Pa-
1788 AND 1789.
Uneasiness of the Spanish Government at the Proceedings of the Fur Traders in the North
Pacific, 183 — Voyages of Observation by Martinez and Haro to the Russian American
Settlements, 185 — Remonstrances of the Court of Madrid to that of St. Petersburg,
against the alleged Encroachments of the latter Power, 186 – Martinez and Haro sent by the
Viceroy of Mexico to take Possession of Nootka Sound, 187 — Claims of Spain examined,
188 – Seizure of British and other Vessels at Nootka by Martinez, 191 —- Captain Gray,
in the Washington, explores the East Coast of Queen Charlotte's Ísland, and enters the
Strait of Fuca, 199 - Kendrick, in the Washington, passes through the Strait of Fuca –
Return of the Columbia to the United States, 200.
Controversy between Great Britain and Spain respecting the North-West Coasts of America
and the Navigation of the Pacific, 202 - The Owners of the Vessels seized at Nootka
apply for Redress to the British Government, which demands Satisfaction for the alleged
Outrages, 203 - Spain resists the Demand, and calls on France for Aid, agreeably to the
Family Compact, 207 — Proceedings in the National Assembly of France on the Subject,
Cession of Louisiana by France to the United States, 276 - Inquiries as to the truc Extent
of Louisiana, 277 - Erroneous Supposition that its Limits towards the North had been