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Entered according to Act of Congress, in tho year 1866


In the Clerk's Üfice of the District Court of the United States for the Southorn Distrie

of New York.

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the real springs of action were excellent. Gifted with a remarkable keenness of observation and analysis, he has expi esord with pungent power the judgments of a mind distinguished its independence. A Secessionist à l'outrance, believing with all the strength of his nature in the Confederate canse, he was yet a caustic critic of the Confederate government and of those charged with its administration and the conduct of the war; and he had the talent to express these views in a style of nervous and vigorous eloquence.

Such were the circumstances under which this work was composed; and its pre-eminent value arises from the fact that it photographs the events of the war in the circumstances of their actual performance; the motives of action as they really revealed themselves, and the hopes and aspirations of the South as they beat in the breasts of living men. Doubtless some things in this history might be corrected; some made to conform to accomplished facts. But this would be to take away from rather than to add to its essential value, which is that of a mémoire pour servir. As such, it must always remain a valuable contribution to the history of the war; and from the side of the South it is the only complete record of the momentous four years during which Secession was fought for and lost.

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