« PreviousContinue »
PROGRESS OF NATIVE EDUCATION
Friends during the last few years. The our teachers. Whilst it is greatly to be great success which has attended the desired that they may be preserved from adult schools in Birmingham, has had a formality and the unprofitable use of powerful influence in this direction. The words, yet, on the other hand, the ComCommittee believe that in many cases mittee regard it as a most precious evidthe efforts of our members can be most ence of Divine favour, that so much of usefully directed towards scholars of the true spirit of prayer prevails amongst this class, yet they hope that the in- them.
And they ask for the prayers struction of children will not be, by any of the Church, that the Holy Spirit may means, lost sight of. There are some be more largely poured out upon them. respects in which the adult school is Can we doubt that, in answer to the more attractive than the juvenile school. prayer of faith in the name of our risen In the former, the difficulty of keeping Lord, a yet more abundant shower of order is hardly felt, the restlessness so blessing will descend? For every one natural to children, and often so trying that asketh receiveth; and he that seekto the teacher, is not known, and the eth findeth ; and to him that knocketh, it scholars are, for the most part, endea- shall be opened. vouring to learn as much as they can, instead of as little. But the difficulties attending the instruction of children are all capable of being overcome, or borne SIXTY-Five of the head men of Coorg, with, and they have been found a most India, have presented a petition to the valuable moral exercise for the Christian Government, in which they confess teacher. Whilst, therefore, fully esti- that, six years ago, they were so ignormating the important service of adult ant as to dislike a school established teaching, the Committee are desirous among them; but it has done so much that their friends should not hastily con- good, been so well conducted, and " the clude that they have no part to take in great influx of European settlers makes the care of young scholars. This is a the education of their children appear work which has been abundantly blessed so necessary," that they have raised and owned by the Great Teacher, the £600. to endow the school and build a Shepherd and Bishop of souls, who said, boarding-house, while they ask the “Suffer the little children to come unto State for £1,100. more, which Lord me, and forbid them not, for of such is the Elgin has gladly promised. A gymkingdom of heaven."
nastic apparatus is to be erected, and a Whether we look at our individual garden laid out for the boys. Mr. Bowgrowth in grace, or our position as ring, the commissioner, observes, that labourers in the Lord's vineyard, it is such an instance as this, of a whole equally true that
race putting aside traditional prejudices, “We perish if we cease from prayer." and meeting half way the earnest wish It is a cause for deep thankfulness that of their rulers to educate themselves, the indispensable importance of this Chris- has, probably, never before occurred in tian duty is so largely acknowledged by our history.
The wonderful patience under suffer- outbreak at Staleybridge. This is not ing, which the COTTON MANUFACTURING at all surprising. It was foreseen that Districts have exhibited for so many much difficulty would be found in remonths has been broken by an storing the people to their ordinary oc
cupations, and the more especially when in age, but youthful in energy, after there was only a very partial supply of taking an active part in the debates of work for them to do, so that their earn- the House of Commons on Friday night, ings would not much exceed what they went to Glasgow, and on Monday had been receiving from the Relief Com- was installed into this new office, to mittee. It was also suspected at Staley- which it is customary for the students bridge that some of the money given to elect men, who, from their literary or was not properly expended. These con- political eminence, are thought worthy siderations led to a resolution, that the of the honour. On Monday his lordpay in the schools should be reduced, ship was installed, and delivered the and that they should be paid by tickets customary address to the students. After on tradesmen, instead of by money. In some general observations on the imconsequence of this, on Friday, March portance of their improving their present 20th, the operatives broke into the relief opportunities, and cultivating an stores, and threw out the clothing, quaintance with the writings of antismashed windows, and did other damage. quity, he said The Riot Act was read. Cavalry was " In recommending you to make yourcalled in from Ashton, which cleared selves acquainted with the poets and the streets, and was patrolling the town historians of ancient times, I should be late at night. On Saturday great ex- wanting towards you if I did not charge citement prevailed. Sixty persons were you also to become familiar with the taken into custody; and twenty-nine, great masters of English literaturewith one exception, Irishmen, were sent with Milton, with Shakespeare, with to prison. The police were stoned, and Pope, and with other distinguished in the evening the provision shops were writers, whose works form the standard sacked. The cavalry finally charged the of our language, and whose works mob and dispersed them. On Monday also teach you how to condense your morning the Staleybridge mob marched thoughts, and how to express them in to Ashton, which it closely adjoins, and | appropriate and adequate language. commenced an attack on the bread shops. Gentlemen, don't think that I am pointing After very riotous conduct there, they out to you exertions beyond the strength proceeded to Dukinfield, where a body of any individual, or advising you to of the county constabulary, under Capt. studies for which the brief period de. Elgee, with the assistance of the military, voted to your education would be indispersed and drove them back to Staley- sufficient. You are all of you probably bridge. None of the people of Aslıton destined to some particular profession. took any part so far as is known in Make everything belonging to that prothe disgraceful proceedings of the mob. fession the subject of your intense and When we learn who the prisoners taken preferential study, but do not on that into custody were, the causes of this account omit acquiring general inforoutbreak, painful as it is, are but too mation upon other matters whenever apparent, and our sympathy for our opportunities may present themselves Lancashire fellow - countrymen should to you for doing so. Whatever may be not be in any respect diminished in the profession which man enters, he consequence of it.
will perform the duties of that profession The contributions received by the better by having general knowledge, Sunday School Union to the relief fund, and that generality of knowledge will originated by them, have now reached not interfere with the successful study the sum of £3,419. 14s. 2d.
of what is necessary for that particular
line which he determines to enter. Learn THE NEW Lord Rector of Glasgow a little of every thing of which you can UNIYERSITY, Lord Palmerston, veteran 'learn anything. It will be useful here
after in your own line. It may be the wonderful progression of late years, and foundation upon which you will build by the labours of others it is easier for up as you go along through life. It you to acquire a share in that knowledge. cannot be supposed that in the coun- There is this remarkable difference betry of Reid and Stewart—the phi- tween the present and former ages. In losophy of mind should not form an former times there were men of genius object of attractive study, and of and of research, who made great progress investigations which will tend to open in the study of the laws and phenom the mind, to enlarge the faculties, and of nature. In those days men of science to improve that understanding of which contrived to give the results of laborious you are studying the theory and the phi- years in so short, compendious, and inlosophy. The Scotch mind, also, which is telligent a manner as that you are able a very reasoning one-a mind that loves to profit by the labours of others, investigation and the pursuit of truth- and by those pursuits which other men is well known to be peculiarly adapted have worked out by a long and to mathematical science. In a country laborious study. The first object of that gave birth to the man who invented study ought to be comprised in chemistry, logarithms it is useless to inculcate any- including the operations of nature in all thing upon that subject-but, depend those elements in which we live and with upon it, there is
nothing which which we deal-a knowledge of which is gives greater accuracy to the op- useful to every man in his individual erations of the human mind than condition, and on the study of which dethe study of mathematics. Gentle-pend the industry, wealth, and prosperity men, we should have lived in vain, of nations. It is not, of course, expected or at least the purposes of existence that those who are destined for the Church would only be partially accomplished, if or the bar, that they should become skil. we were to stint our minds to the pre- ful chemists; but even they should be sent, regardless of what has passed before acquainted with the general methods in our time, and the study of history is which substances act upon each other, therefore a most useful and necessary for this knowledge will be found useful part of the accomplishments which youth in every position in life. Gentlemen, ought to acquire. History will not, in- it is only comparatively of late years deed, give you materials which by a that men have turned their attention geometrical proposition you can apply to acquiring scientific knowledge with with accuracy; but it is of great service regard to the crust of the globe on for those who have to act, to know what which we live, and certainly Scotland have been the failures and successes, has contributed its full share towards what have been the errors and achieve the knowledge and information thus ments either of men or nations in times gained. It is only after the great past, and these examples may serve so knowledge which we have obtained that far as to exemplify principles of action- all your mineral experiments have been may serve as guides to every man, either conducted with the success which has in private or in public. Gentlemen, attended them. Well, then, rising from we have talked here of the works of man, the crust of the earth, and all those and they are well deserving of your numerous phenomena and arrangements investigation; but you would fall short of connected with the atmosphere, the that which I recommend to you if you ocean, and the various circumstances did not devote a portion of that period of belonging to the surface of our globe, study and leisure to the contemplation we naturally turn our thoughts to the of the works of God. That branch of position and action of our globe, and knowledge has in many respects made that system of which our sun is the centre; and that knowledge of astronomy there is a man who, in the consciousness connected, at all events, with the solar of genius, in the enjoyment of wealth, system, is so casily acquired, and so in the possession of station, is inspired interesting when known, that no man by feelings of vanity and pride, when he who has an opportunity of investigating reflects that the world which he trends could for a moment neglect these op- upon is a mere speck in creation, and portunities and remain in ignorance. It that he himself is an immeasurable atom is admirable to think that all the varied in that speck, these thoughts must tend arrangements upon which day and night to lower that pride, to divest him of that and the succession of the seasons depend vanity, and to teach him veneration and have been so beautifully adapted to the humility in his position. But, gentlepurpose of those who inhabit this globe; men, when he turns his thoughts to the and a knowledge of these things, I trust, other scale—when he thinks and conno man who hears me will fail to acquire, siders the infinite variety, the inconso far as opportunity offers. But there ceivable ingenuity and wisdom with is a wider range with regard to that which everything in this earth has been great and extensive study. Our solar adapted to specific purposes and to the system, as is well known, forms but a enjoyment of created beings—when he comparatively insignificant part in that sees that even in those smallest and great universe of which, on a starlight most minute animals of creation, which night, we see some portion exposed to are hardly perceptible, and some not our view; and the study of the mecha- perceptible, to the naked eye, there is nism of the universe is one which leads most admirable adaption of every
detail the mind to the most exalted thoughts for the purpose of the enjoyment of that i hich expands our considerations more creature so long as it is to live-when than any other, and although it has not he reflects on the constitution of his own arrived at certain results, such as have frame, when he considers the powers been attained in the study of our own which have been given to man to extend solar system, yet I believe enough his ken far away from the globe which is known to excite the wonder and he inhabits, and to acquire a certain admiration of those who are acquainted amount of knowledge of things so distant with it. Let it not be said that those that even, it is said, millions of years are studies divert the mind from the practi- required to bring to us the light which cal precepts of religion. On the contrary, flows from their centre-he must be perI maintain they tend to strengthen and suaded that those arrangements were not confirm that faith which is inculcated intended in vain. He must be convinced by our revealed religion. If when, on that those powers which have been given the one hand, we contemplate those mar- to his mind, those moral and intellectual vellous arrangements, extending over powers with which he has been endowspace indefinite, and comprising worlds ed, have not been given simply for the innumerable, with order and arrange- purpose of a day, and that day the life ment that nothing but the most supreme of man. He must be convinced that wisdom could have established—when they are designed to fit him for some we contemplate, in the first place, the better and future state, and therefore I arrangement for one system-when we assert that these great, exalted and subconsider the multitudes of suns and lime contemplations are calculated to worlds even beyond the range of the strengthen and encourage that faith of telescopic power of man, and are made which it is said that parting for a sensible of the comparative insignifi- happier state, it deems death but nacance of everything that belongs to this ture's signal for retreat. earth, this species of creation,-then if
NOTES OF A SUNDAY SCHOOL TOUR. AMONGST the various efforts put forth by the Sunday School Union for the improvement of Sunday schools, the visits paid by various members of the Committee to the provinces are not the least important. They have thus an opportunity of seeing how the schools are conducted, and of talking over with the teachers the suggestions which have resulted from those visits. The value of these efforts is seen, not only in the pleasure with which such visits are received, but by the adoption of similar plans by other bodies. The Church of England Sunday School Institute and the Friends' First-day School Association have both followed the example thus set, and, we doubt not, with much benefit to the schools associated with them.
During the last few years, teachers in different parts of the country, finding so much benefit arise from mutual intercourse, have gathered together in counties or districts for the discussion of practical subjects, and Good Friday has been found very convenient for such assemblages. The attendance of some member of the Committee of the Sunday School Union is generally solicited, and we believe that no less than seven such applications were received this year. The difficulty of supplying the demand thus made, led to our being requested to undertake one of these missions at Easter last. It would probably be more correct that our report should appear in the “Union Magazine," as the official organ of the Committee by whom we were sent forth ; but the Editor will doubtless thank us for relieving him from some of that embarras des richesses which the number of such communications will occasion.
Our first destination was Doncaster, where the Seventh Yorkshire and Lincolnshire Sunday School Teachers' Conference was to be held; but on our way we stopped at Grantham, and saw the statue of Sir Isaac Newton, who, though born about six miles off, received his education at the grammar school of that town. The statue was cast out of the metal of a large bell taken from the Russians during the Crimean war; it is of full life size, and is placed on a green by the high road leading into the town from the south.
We reached Doncaster in time to attend the prayer meeting, held to supplicate the Divine blessing on the proceedings of the following day. Mr. Joseph Marsden presided, and delivered an address on the importance of prayer, adverting to the difficulty of the teacher's work as arising, not merely from the depravity of the