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blockading fleets and armies, that our protest, if sacre all on one side. We can choose between we attempt any, dies away in silence too. It is the two; other choice there is none. the simple fact, let us take it as we will, that
-Richmond Edaminer. those enemies against whom we fondly believe we are waging an honorable war, as nation
RICHMOND, March 7. against nation, are carrying on against us the Presuming the documents found on the body very same sort of warfare that English armies of Dahlgren to be authentic, the whole question think good enough for the revolted Sepoys and of the recent attempt to invade Richmond, burn mutinous hill-tribes.
and sack it, (with all the other horrible concomitIf they can surprise, by any sort of artifice, ants of such a scene,) can be stated and disposed our kraal of Richmond, and deliver it over to the of in a few words. It requires no fine disquisimercy of their troops, and hold in it one good tion to see our way clear as to what should be carnival of lust and rapine, they will write their done with those of the banditti who have fallen names in imperishable letters on the hearts of into our hands. But it does require nerve to their countrymen. This situation of affairs was execute the palpable convictions of our judgment always well known to us; but it was doubted or -a judgment which will be promptly sustained denied by many confederates of feeble brain. by the civilized world, including China, the most Do they believe it now, understand it now, that truculent of nations; nations not uncivilized. we have it under the hand of Federal officers Are these men warriors ? Are they soldiers, charged with the task of breaking up this “hate- taken in the performance of duties recognized as ful” den of Richmond, burning and robbing our legitimate by the loosest construction in the code houses, stripping and violating the virtuous and of civilized warfare? or are they assassins, baroften refined Christian women of this place, barians, thugs who have forfeited (and expect to shooting, stabbing, hanging the highest civil lose) their lives? Are they not barbarians redoofficers of the law, and massacring indiscrimin- lent with more hellish purposes than were ever ately the population ?
the Goth, the Hun or the Saracen? The conThis is a wholesome kind of reflection for our sentaneous voice of all Christendom will shudown countrymen. We believe it will sting them. deringly proclaim them monsters, whom no senWe think it highly probable that they will per- timental idea of humanity, no timorous views of emptorily demand of their government some expediency, no trembling terror of consequences, practical, unmistakable assertion of our full de- should have shielded from the quickest and the termination to be treated as honorable enemies sternest death. and civilized people. And what-some inay ask What more have we to dread from Yankee —what then would you have our government malice or brutality than we know now awaits us, do ?-turn the war into a war of extermination ? if success attend them? What have we to hope Certainly, certainly; it is already a war of exter- from their clemency? Will justice meted out mination, of indiscriminate slaughter and plunder to these poor creatures stimulate either the bruon the part of our enemies. Their sparing the tality of the Yankees on the one hand, or increase lives of prisoners and occasional exchanges, form their capacity and means for diabolism on the but a temporary suspension of the rule, necessi- other ? "Both are now in fullest exercise. If tated by our holding prisoners also; but the true these men go unpunished, according to the exanimus, the authentic Yankee theory of the war, ceeding magnitude of their crimes, do we not is manifest in the actual proceedings of our ene- invite Yankees to similar, and, if possible, still my wherever he has the power, and especially, more shocking efforts ? If we would know what and most signally, in this code of instructions we ought to do with them, let us ask what would for sack and massacre in Richmond.
ere now have been their fate, if, during a war, Our government owes it to its own army and such a body of men, with such purposes and to its own people, if it cannot at the moment re- such acts, had made an attempt on and were taliate such atrocities in kind, at least to bring taken in London or Paris? The English blow to condign punishment the robbers who, in the fierce and brutal Sepoys, who disregard and exguise of soldiers, and under pretence of war, ceed the just limits of war, from the mouths of have been caught lurking about Richmond with cannon; the French fusilade them. If we are their oakum balls and turpentine, and their less powerful, have we less pride and self-respect written programme for murdering the chief mag- than either of these nations! These men have istrate and setting fire to all the houses till the put the caput lupinum on themselves. They city is burnt in a hundred places at once, and are not victims; they are volunteers for remorsethen inviting eight thousand bloodthirsty, lustful less death. They have rushed upon fate, and ruffians to gut the blazing mansions, rape the struggled in voluntary audacity with the grim mistresses, and knock the masters in the head, monster. Let them die, not by court-martial, in the dreadful confusion.
not as prisoners, but as hostes humani generis by But if we hang these wretches, then the enemy general order from the President, Commanderwill select an equal number for the gallows ? Not in-Chief. while we hold sixteen thousand hostages. But Will the Cabinet and President have the nerve if we shrink from that, there is another alterna- to do what lies palpably before them? This is tive, and the only one left us-hanging and mas- the question in all mouths. What concerns the
A REVIEW OF THE EXPEDITION,
BY E. A. PAUL.
people most now is not whether its public officers in the amount of property destroyed, some of will come out of this war with brilliant European which cannot be replaced-none of which can be reputations--not whether, after leading the peo. well spared—and next the chagrin and mortificaple out of Egypt, they shall have the reputa- tion experienced by the bombastic South at the tion that Moses preserved, of being very meck-fact that an expedition on so important a mission but they wish protection to themselves, their should accomplish so much under the very noses wives and children, and their honor.
and in defiance of the Richmond Junta ; and, -Richmond Whig.
what is worse than all, by troops led on by Kilpatrick and Dahlgren-two men who, next to Butler, are most cordially hated and feared by
all opposed to the Union cause, and for the reaThe rebels, through the newspapers, have had son that they have so often humiliated the their say about the recent raid." As was antici- knights of the black flag. Kilpatrick, particularpatel, those located about the confederate capi-ly, has been the special object of their vengeance tal very naturally were, and still are, fearfully for ruining the prospects of one of Virginia's excited at the audacity of Kilpatrick and his best known chieftains-Stuart of cavalry fame. troopers—they had reason to be so. This is Whipped time and again by Kilpatrick, Stuart not only what was expected, but what was finds now among his people none so poor as to hoped would be the case by all who took any
do him reverence. Plot upon plot, similar to particular interest in the matter; and, by the that concocted and nearly executed at Buckland's degree of their exasperation over what the Rich- Mills last fall, have been laid by Stuart, in the mond editors are pleased to call “the raid of hope of destroying the hated and feared Kilpatbarbarians," may we judge the amount of damage rick, hoping thereby to gain that confidence of done them and their failing cause. The simple his associates in crime lost by battling with the fact is, that in the so-called programme of opera- man whom he seeks to ruin. In this, however, tions found upon the body of the lamented Colonel he will not be permitted to be successful. Dahlgren, they have interpolated words of their From the rebel statements made, it would apown coining, to the effect that Jeff Davis and his pear that Dahlgren lost his life by neglecting to cabinet were to be killed, thereby giving an im- exercise the usual precautions to guard against portance to the proclamation (which, by the surprise, and was ainbushed late at night. There way, was never read to the troops) and the was no moon on Wednesday or Thursday nights, memoranda of operations which were found, not (March second and third,) until toward morning; at all in accordance with the spirit actuating the there was a cloudless sky both nights, and bright instigators and leaders in the movement. The star-light, affording sufficient light to see objects writer was privileged to see the documents which at a distance, except in woods. Dahlgren being Colonel Dahlgren had the day he started on the so near Gloucester, probably considered himself expedition, and which have been spread before beyond all serious danger, and therefore it is the public in a garbled shape through the Rich- possible was entrapped when least prepared for mond press, to intensify, if possible, the infernal it, and almost entirely thrown off his guard. But spirits of all rebeldom in their hatred to the I am inclined to think that Major Cook, his Union cause and all its supporters; and although second in command, when at liberty to do so, having no copy of these papers before him now, will give an entirely different version of this lahe is satisfied that there was no expression there- mentable affair. Dahlgren, though brave almost in written which could reasonably be construed to rashness, always moved cautiously when there even so as to express a determination to murder was the possibility of a lurking enemy being near. any person or persons-even so great an outlaw He had passed beyond what he considered the as Jeff Davis. Stripped of this interpolation, most critical point. He could not have expected the memoranda and proclamation do not exceed to find Kilpatrick beyond the Mattapony, for he the bounds of legitimate warfare. The planners must have heard his guns on Wednesday mornand participators in this raid are as high-minded ing. The larger portion of his command rejoined and honorable men as even the conceited editor the main column on that day at about two P.m.; of the E.caminer could wish, and the leaders of he doubtless, in attempting to.follow, ran upon the expedition would go as far in preventing the enemy, and was forced to cross the Pamuntheir men committing overt acts. And even if key and Mattapony at a point further north. the worst was true, how illy it becomes the When, on Wednesday evening, he attempted to indorsers of Early in Pennsylvania, Morgan in recross the Pamunkey at Pine Tree Farm, he was Ohio, Quantrel in Kansas, and Beauregard in his within a very few miles of Kilpatrick, and must plot to murder President Lincoln and Lieutenant- have seen the fires of his camp, for they were General Scott, to take special exceptions to this numerous and much extended by the burning of raid! Either one of the confederate leaders miles of basket-fence along the plantations within named has been guilty of more doubtful acts a few miles of the Pamunkey. He probably than were ever contemplated by any body of supposed, however, they were fires in an enemy's Union raiders. Forgetting these things, they camp, and therefore resolved to make his way threaten to mete out condign punishment to the to Gloucester. Would to God he had known prisoners captured from Kilpatrick's command. whose hands kindled those extended lines of fire The real animus, however, may be found—first, on that crisp March night! VOL. VIII.-Doc. 38
The story of arrangements having been made flag of the free was the only emblem of their nato blow
the buildings containing Union pris- tionality. They remembered, too, when, in an evil oners, is simply ridiculous. No doubt the rebel hour, a combination of insane politicians forced heart is bad enough for any such atrocity ; but their State into rebellion against their own Goy. the prisoners were protected from this calamity ernment. Not one of the traitors had been by the fact that the humane design could not be wronged—not one of them had ever been decarried into effect without sacrificing a large prived of a right. On the contrary, they had number of rebel lives and property. Possessed always been protected in their special exclusive of more than Yankee cunning, the rebel authori- rights—especially in their right to hold slaves. ties, under the panic created by the shells thrown Yet, in their insane madness, they rejected that from Ransom's battery, doubtless did attempt to protection, and sought to overturn the Governintimidate the prisoners by telling them that ment that protected them in the possession of arrangements had been made to blow up the their slaves. buildings they occupied, for the purpose of pre- The results of the rebellion they now seeventing any general attempt to overpower the you all see and feel; the slaves free; the masters guard—a result which would doubtless have been fugitives or prisoners, or the recipients of the attained had the prisoners known how near their pardon of the Government against which they friends were. The rumors about blowing up rebelled, and tried, but in vain, to destroy; all prisoners has this foundation and no more. the families in the land in mou
ourning; property In view of all the known facts, how puerile pillaged and destroyed; poverty and desolation appear the indignities hcaped upon Dahlgren's everywhere; happiness changed to misery; joy, body! It was the old fable of kicking the dead to mourning and woe. They saw no way to lion. No man in all rebeldom would have pre-escape the evils under which we were all suffersumed to offer him an indignity when alive; but ing, but to return to the government of our anwhen his mangled, mutilated, and bleeding body cestors, and remove the cause of our trouble. was lying dead before them, the self-styled aristo- The Constitution was referred to the people on crats, the chivalrous gentlemen of the city of the fourteenth of March, and ratified by a very Richmond, could heap indignities upon that in- large vote, and is now the supreme law of the animate form with impunity. Was ever sneak- State. State and county officers have been electing cowardice more palpable?
ed. You have been deprived of the right by the Kick the dead body of the gallant Dahlgren to presence of rebel forces in your counties. your heart's content-obliterate every mark by The Convention provided, by an ordinance, which his resting place may be known; heap all that in such cases, an election may be holden on the indignities upon his name and fame that the any other day thereafter, that the people may incarnate fiend of secession may suggest-but it agree upon, for county officers. I therefore will be of no avail; his ghost won't down at your recommend to you, that as soon as you can hold bidding; his spirit still lives in the hearts of an election with safety to yourselves, that you thousands of his compatriots in arms, who have appoint a day in your respective counties, and sworn to avenge the cowardly indignities attempt that you elect representatives to the Legislature, ed to be heaped upon his name and remains. and all your county officers, and take on your
selves all the rights and duties of freemen, and give your aid and influence to the restoration of
the State to her position in the Union, and to Doc. 135.
peace and former security. We have all erred
we have all gone astray. Father, forgive us, as GOVERNOR MURPHY'S ADDRESS. we forgive those that have sinned against us.
Let this spirit prevail, and happiness will soon To the People of the Counties of Arkansas for be ours; peace and security will soon spread which no Elections have been held:
over the land, and we will again be honored citiCITIZENS OF ARKANSAS: I address you because zens of the United States of America. you have been so far deprived of the privilege of This is nobility enough; this is honor enough äiding in the restoration of civil government in -to be called å citizen of the United States, the State, by the occupation of your section of whose flag commands the admiration and respect the State by the rebel army. In January last, a of the world; and whose Government has never Convention of Delegates, elected by a portion of failed to avenge or right the wrongs done to its the people, met at Little Rock, remodelled the humblest citizen. Constitution of the State, and appointed me for Spurn, then, the tyranny and oppression of the Governor, The new Constitution differs from leaders of this wicked rebellion, and return to the old in this: That it abolishes slavery in Ar- the home of your ancestors, and your own by kansas forever. The members of the Convention inheritance, and atone for the past by securing were sober, earnest men, on whom events had to your posterity freedom, security, and happimade a deep impression. They were tired of ness hereafter. war, and the desolation that war produces; they
Isaac MURPHY, remembered the security and happiness that they enj yed when law and order prevailed, and the
, } ARKANSAS, March 23, 1864.
Provisional Governor of Arkansas,
leaves a wife and three children. He is spoken
of by all as having been an excellent soldier and AFFAIR AT CHARLESTON, ILL. a good citizen. William G. Hart, Deputy ProvostCHARLESTON “PLAIN-DEALER" ACCCUNT,
Marshal, was shot in several places-in the head
and vitals—his wounds are probably mortal. CHARLESTON, ILL., March 28-9 P.M. James Goodrich, company C, Fifty-fourth IlliThis afternoon a dreadful affair took place in nois, received a shocking wound—being shot in our town, the most shocking in its details that the bowels. His wound, we fear, will prove morhas ever occurred in our part of the State. Early tal. in the morning, squads of copperheads came in Unarmed as our boys were, Colonel Mitchell town from various directions, and, as the sequel soon rallied all he could, citizens and soldiers, will show, armed and determined upon summary and improvising such arms as could be had, gathvengeance upon our soldiers. During the day, ered at the south-west corner of the square, as premonitions of the coming trouble were too evi- the copperheads retreated down the street rundent. Some of the soldiers, about to return to ning east therefrom. Despatches were sent to their regiments, were somewhat excited by liquor, Mattoon for soldiers, and three hundred were and consequently rather boisterous, but not bel- soon on the way. The copperheads halted someligerent-were more disposed for fun than fight. where near Mrs. Dickson's, and remained for About four o'clock, a soldier, Oliver Sallee, step- some time, then turned and went off. Beyond ped up to Nelson Wells, who has been regarded as J. H. O'Hair's residence they gathered together, the leader of the copperheads in this county, and consulted for a time, then moved off in a northplacing his hand good-naturedly against him, erly direction, cutting the telegraph wire as they playfully asked him if there were any butternuts went-unfortunately before a despatch could be in town? Wells replied, “Yes, I ain one!" and sent to Dr. York's family, at Paris, giving notice drawing his revolver, shot at Sallee, but missed of his assassination. him. In an instant Sallee ras shot from another About five o'clock the reënforcements from direction, and fell; but raising himself up, he Mattoon arrived, and while in the Court-House fired at Wells, the ball taking effect in his
vitals. yard, Mr. John Cooper, from Saulsbury, was capHe (Wells) went as far as Chambers & McCrory's tured and brought in as a prisoner, by Mr. W. H. store, and, passing in, fell dead.
Noe and a soldier. Mr. Cooper had taken an acThe copperheads were gathered behind Judge tive part in the affray. When in front of JenEdwards's office, loading their firearms, and then kins's store he attempted to escape, and when would step out and fire from the corner at the commanded to halt refused to do so, whereupon soldiers indiscriminately, with guns and revolv- Mr. Noe fired over Cooper's head, who, in return,
Of course, having come fully prepared, they fired at some of our men, when orders were given had vastly the advantage over the soldiers, who to fire upon him, which was done, and he fell were not expecting such an attack, and were, for dead at Jenkins's door. Unfortunately, one of the most part, unarmed. Those who were armed the balls passed through the closed door and would hardly know at whom to fire until they struck Mr. John Jenkins in the groin, producing were fired upon.
The copperheads were seen to a serious, and probably mortal wound. Mr. Coophurry to their wagons, hitched at the square, and er was shot through the neck and shoulder. gather therefrom several guns, which were con- When the copperheads were halted near Mrs. cealed under the straw. They were freely used, Dickson's, he was heard to say, that as they now and with terrible effect. Thomas Jeffries was had no leader, he was ready to lead them back the next to fall, receiving an ugly wound in the and kill the d-d soldiers and burn the town, or neck. William Gilman was slot by B. F. Dukes, die in the attempt; and at various places he was the ball striking a rib on his left side and glanc- heard to threaten to cut out the hearts of the
Dukes was then seen to fire at Colonel “d-d Abolitionists,” and use kindred expresMitchell, and afterward declared that he had sions. killed him. Colonel Mitchell received several How many there were of the copperheads we shots through his clothes; one hit his watch and do not know, nor can we estimate the number, glanced off, producing only a slight flesh-wound save by the size of the squads that retreated in upon his abdomen. The watch thus roviden- several directions. We think there may have tially saved his life. Dr. York, surgeon of the been from one hundred to one hundred and fifty, Fisty-fourth Illinois, while passing through the and all mounted. Who their leaders were we do Court-Ilouse, was approached by some one from not know, precisely. J. H. O'Hair, Sheriff of this behind, who took deliberate aim and shot him county, was seen to fire three times at the soldead-the pistol being held so close to him that diers. John Frazier, while sitting on his horse, the powder burned his coat! So far as we could was seen to deliberately fire five times at them learn, Dr. York was not actively engaged in the and then leave. Others of less prominence were afiray, save in his professional capacity as sur- equally warlike. geon, and in trying to restore order, A soldier, Immediately after the soldiers arrived, squads, Alfred Swim, of company G, Fifty-fourth Illinois, mounted upon all the horses that could be found, was shot, and taken to Drs. Allen & Van Meter's were started out in every direction in pursuitoslice, where he soon died. Mr. Swim lived some. Colonel Brooks in charge of orre, Lieutenant Horwhere near Casey, in Clark County, where bel ner another, etc. Up to this writing, nine P. M.
some twelve prisoners have been captured, and have purchased or chartered steamers preparathe pursuit still kept up after more.
tory to the exportation of cotton which they now of the gang were two men from Edgar County, have on hand as the property of the States, to on one of whom was an oath of allegiance, taken place funds abroad with which to purchase supby him at Paris, recently. Ile boasted that he plies, to be returned upon the vessels to confedwas the man who shot Dr. York; that he came erate ports for State use. At this point they refor that purpose.
gret to say that they are met by an order from We herewith present the following list of kill- the Secretary of the Treasury, under the authord and wounded :
ity of the President, which prohibits the CustomKilled. - Major York, Surgeon Fifty-fourth Illi- Ilouse officer from granting clearance to vessels nois; Alfred Swim, company C, Fifty-fourth; owned or chartered by the States with State carNelson Wells, copperhead; John Cooper, copper-goes, some of which are now aboard, unless they head.
will consent to allow the confederate governWounded.-Colonel Mitchell, Fifty-fourth Illi- ment to use one half the storage-room of their nois, slightly; James Goodrich, company C, Fif- vessels upon terms which would cause actual ty-fourth, severely; Oliver Sallee, Fifty-fourth, loss to the States. Surrounded by all the emseverely; John Neer, company G, Fifty-fourth, barrassments with which they have to contend, slightly; William Decker, company G, Fifty- they cannot consent to this; and believing, as fourth, slightly; George Ross, company C, Fifty- they do, that the order has grown out of an erfourth, slightly; Thomas Jeffries, Brooks's regi- roneous construction of the late act of Congress, ment, severely; William G. Hart, soldier, se- which, as they understood it, exempts the States verely ; John Jenkins, citizen, severely ; Wil- from all the restrictions thrown around exportaliam Gilman, citizen, severely ; John Trimble, tions and importations made by private individuslightly; Sanford Royes, slightly.
als or companies; and feeling assured that those Several of the copperheads were severely who represent the sovereign States and people wounded, but were taken off in wagons.
would fail to carry out the views or wishes of
the people, or governments of their respective Tuesday Morning, 11.30 A.M. Messrs. Jenkins, Hart, and Goodrich are dead, States, if they should attempt by any law or reg. having died at five, half-past ten, and half-past tion of their own productions upon their own
ulation to prohibit the States from the exportaeleven o'clock, respectively, this morning, mak
vessels, or such as they may charter for that ing a total of seven killed.
Colonel Brooks's squad, going up through the purpose, and the importation of such supplies O'Hair settlement, recaptured Levi Freisner, and fidence to Congress to remove said restrictions,
as they need, the undersigned appeal with conalso the guard of butternuts placed over him, six and enact such laws as shall secure to all vessels or eight in all.
in the service of the States speedy clearances
upon application to the Custom-House officers at Doc. 137.
the ports from which the vessels are expected to
go to sea. REBEL COMMERCE.
While the undersigned are aware of the importance of exportations and importations by
the confederate government, and would gladly To the Senate and House of Representatives, in facilitate its operations in every proper way, they Congress assembled :
are of the opinion it is better that each govThe undersigned, Governors of their respect- ernment should conduct its own business and ive States, beg leave, respectfully, to invite the affairs for itself. attention of Congress to the fact that the States But independently of this view of the case, of the Confederacy have great need of many ar- they can not yield their assent to the doctrine ticles for State use which can only be obtained that the confederate government has any right hy importation. And the Legislatures of several to impose any such restrictions upon the States, of the States have made appropriations for the or compel them to submit to any such terms. purpose of exporting cotton and other produc-When in their power to assist the confederate tions, and importing necessary articles for the government with State vessels, they will do so use of the States, including clothing, shoes, with great pleasure, but they will not consent to blankets, and other articles indispensably neces- do this under compulsion. sary to the comfort of their troops in confeder- They deny that the provision in the Constituate service, who frequently suffer from want of tion which authorizes Congress to regulate comnecessary articles, which it is not, at the time, in merce "among the several States" confers the the power of the confederate government to power to destroy the commerce of States, or to furnish. These exportations and importations detain State vessels till they consent to relinquish are to be made by the Governors of the States, half their storage-room to the confederate govunder the authority of the Legislatures, at the ernment. If Congress has the power to place risk and expense of the States, upon vessels this restriction upon the commerce and vessels purchased or chartered for that purpose. of the States, it may claim for the Confederacy
The Governors of several of the States, in the three fourths or nine tenths of the room, or may execution of the acts of their State Legislatures, I deny the right of the State to clear a vessel upon
MEMORIAL OF FOUR GOVERNORS.