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you notice any thing that took they did not succeed; they did not get within place while the flag of truce was in ?
twenty or thirty steps of the Fort then. I saw Answer. I saw the rebels slipping up and get a great many men shot after they surrendered, ting in the ditch along our breastworks.
white and black both. Question. How near did they come up ? Question. Are you sure you saw the rebels
Answer. They were right at us; right across moving up toward the Fort while the flag of from the breastworks. I asked them what they truce was in ? were slipping up there for. They made answer Answer. Yes, sir; I saw them. that they knew their business.
Question. When were you shot ? Question. Are you sure this was done while Answer. After I surrendered. the flag of truce was in ?
Question. Where were you when you were Answer. Yes, sir. There was no firing; we shot ? could see all around; we could see them moving Answer. About half-way down the bluff. up all around in large force.
Question. Had you your gun when you were Question. Was any thing said about it except shot ? what you said to the rebels ?
Answer. No, sir; if I had had my gun I would Answer. I heard all our boys talking about it. have shot the fellow who shot me. lle was not I heard some of our officers remark, as they saw more than ten steps from me. He was loading it coming, that the white flag was a bad thing; his gun, and I saw him shoot a man near me. that they were slipping on us. I believe it was As he fired at him I threw myself over the bluff, Lieutenant Akerstrom that I heard say it was catching hold of a little locust. He aimed at my against the rules of war for them to come up in body and hit me in the leg. I then dropped
down and got into the river, and afterward got Question. To whom did he say that?
out and crawled behind a stump with two of my Answer. To those fellows coming up; they company. Some darkeys came there, and we had officers with them.
told them to go away; we saw the rebels were Question. Was Lieutenant Akerstrom shot be shooting them, and we allowed if they were not fore or after he had surrendered ?
with us we might get clear. I went back to Answer. About two minutes after the flag of where I was shot, and some fellow fired at us, truce went back, during the action.
but did not hit us. We begged him not to shoot; Question. Do you think of any thing else to that the place was surrendered to them. One of state? If so, go on and state it.
our fellows threw up his hands, but they fired at Answer. I saw a rebel lieutenant take a little him and hit his arm. We were carried out about negro boy up on the horse behind him ; and then two miles from the Fort and then paroled. I heard General Chalmers—I think it must have Question. Ilow long did you stay where you been-tell him to “take that negro down and had been carried out from the Fort ? shoot him,” or “take him and shoot him," and
Answer. I staid there some eighteen or twenty he passed him down and shot him.
hours; from about eight o'clock at night to about Question. How large was the boy ?
four o'clock the next evening. In that time my Answer. He was not more than eight years wound was dressed, and I was paroled someold. I heard the lieutenant tell the other that where between three and five o'clock. I got the negro was not in the service; that he was three of the rebels to help me up about a half a nothing but a child ; that he was pressed and mile to a citizen's house, for I was not able to brought in there. The other one said: “Damn walk. I found out that the gunboat had a flag the difference; take him down and shoot him, or of truce, and I got an old man then in the house he would shoot him.” I think it must have been to saddle up a horse and carry me to the Fort. General Chalmers. He was a smailish man; he Two rebel doctors went along with me. When had on a long gray coat, with a star on his coat. we got there a rebel lieutenant-colonel took my
parole from me, said it was forged, and that he Daniel H. Rankin, sworn and examined. was going take me back. The doctors told him By Mr. Gooch:
my parole was right, and that I was not able to Question. To what company and regiment do travel. They took mo down to the gunboat you belong?
Number Twenty-eight, and then I went from that Answer. Company C, Thirteenth Tennessee boat to gunboat Number Seven, and then I went cavalry.
on the flag-ship. Question. Were you Fort Pillow at the late attack there?
Lieutenant William Clary, sworn and examAnswer. Yes, sir.
ined. Question. Will you state what happened there? By Mr. Gooch :
Answer. The worst thing I saw was the rebels Question. What is your rank and position in moving upon us while the flag of truce was up the service ? at the Fort. One part of their army moved right
Answer. I am Second Lieutenant of company up on the brink of the ditch, and when the firing B, Thirteenth Tennessee cavalry. began, they rushed right into the Fort. Before Question. Were you at Fort Pillow when it that the rebels were off two or three hundred was attacked ? yards. They tried twice to make a charge, but! Answer. No, sir; I was sent to Memphis the
day before, and returned to Fort Pillow the said they did not notice his flags at all; tha: morning after the fight. I came up on gunboat some of his patients were wounded there. In Number Twenty-eight. The rebels were at Ful. was wounded himself and taken prisoner and ton, about two miles and a half below Fort Pil- paroled. low. We fired at them, and the rebels at Fort Question. Did you see them shoot any colored Pillow heard it, and thought we were bringing men that morning ? up reënforcements, and then they set the town Answer. I saw them shoot one man just beon fire.
fore we landed with a flag of truce. Question. When did you get up there ? : of about twenty men rode up to a livery-stable
Answer. Early in the morning, or little after and set it on fire. The gunboat fired at them davlight.
but did not hit them, and they got on their Question. When did you land at Fort Pillow ? horses and rode off at a trot. There were some
Answer. We got there about eight o'clock in paths down the hill, and a man came along down the morning, and shelled there an hour or so. one of them; I saw them halt; the foremost The rebels were occupying the Fort in large one, an officer I think, pulled out a revolver and numbers. By and by the rebels came down shot very deliberately at this man, and then they with a flag of truce, and I went on shore to see galloped off in quicktime. He did not kill what was wanting. One of the officers of the the man, however, for I saw him walking along Sixth United States heavy artillery said he did afterward. I do not know whether the man not like to go on shore for fear the rebels would was white or black. kill him. I went on shore with one of the naval Question. Did you hear any thing of their officers and saw General Forrest's Adjutant-Gen. nailing men to a building and then burning it? eral, Major Anderson. He said if we would Answer. Yes, sir; I heard of it. And I recognize the parole of Forrest we might take our heard a lady say that a man was nailed to a buildlwounded on the gunboat; and that was agreed ing that was burned. She said she was well aeupon. I rode all around the battle-ground, and quainted with Lieutenant Akerstrom before the saw some of our dead half-buried, and I saw five fight took place. Some one asked why he was negroes burning. I asked Colonel Chalmers, the not buried. Some of the rebels said he was a General's brother, if that was the way he allowed damned conscript that had run away from Forhis men to do. He concluded that he could not rest. But I never heard Lieutenant Akerstrom control his men very well, and thought it was say any such thing. justifiable in regard to negroes; that they did Question. Who was that lady? not recognize negroes as soldiers, and he could Answer. Mrs. Ruffin, the wife of Thomas not control his men. I did not see any white Ruffin. men burning there ; if there were any, I did not Question. Where is she now? recognize them as such. Their faces were burn- Answer. I think she is at Cairo now. Her hus. ed, and some of them were sticking out of the band did not get wounded, but he was sick. I tents and houses with their clothes partly burned. heard an ensign on gunboat Twenty-eight invite The negroes were lying upon the boards and General Chalmers and some of his aids-de-camp straw in the tents which had been set on fire. to come on board the gunboat, and I saw Major It seemed to me as if the fire could not have been Anderson and several other confederate officers set more than half an hour before. Their flesh on the Platte Valley drinking at the bar, and I was frying off them, and their clothes were saw a couple of army officers drinking there burning.
with them, and there might have been some Question. How many did you see in that con- naval officers with them too, but I am not cerdition?
tain of that. The clerk of the Platte Valley, Answer. I saw five.
General Forrest's Adjutant-General, Major AnQuestion. Did they burn the hospital ? derson, and an ensign of gunboat Twenty-eight,
Answer. I saw the hospital burning, but I do took the names of the paroles. I did not take ·not know whether they moved the sick out or the names myself, because I was busily engaged not before they burned it. I understood the going over the battle-field to find out if any
of rebels went in where there were some twenty or our men were left alive. I heard a great many thirty negroes sick, and hacked them over their rebel soldiers say they did not intend to recogheads with sabres and shot them. The negroes nize those black devils as soldiers. They said had been moved from the heights up on the hill this to me as I was speaking about the slaughter into two large tents by us; but I do not think there. They also expressed the opinion that if our men had been moved up there. I went we had not been fighting with black troops they through the hospital-tents up there the morning would not have hurt us at all; but they did not before I started down to Memphis, and saw them intend to give any quarter to negroes. full of colored troops. Dr. Fitch told me that he had his hospital-flag on every bush around Dr. Stewart Gordon, sworn and examined. the bottom of the hill. At the commencement By the Chairman : of the fight the Major had told him to take his Question. What is your position ? instruments and his medicines down under the Answer. Acting Assistant Surgeon, United bluff and stick up flags there, and have the States army. wounded taken down to him. But the Doctor Question. Where are you now stationed ?
VOL VIII.- Doc. 3
Answer. I have charge of ward N, Mound City serious, unfavorable; private Arthur Edmonds, General Hospital.
company C, First Alabama artillery, shot in head Question. "Is that the ward in which are the and right arm aster surrender, causing fracture colored men we first examined yesterday ? of arm, condition favorable; private Henry Answer. Yes, sir.
Hanks, company A, First Alabama artillery, shot Question. Have you prepared a statement of in left side after surrender, wound serious, conthe condition of the men in that ward whose dition unfavorable; private Charles Key, comtestimony we have taken ?
pany D, First Alabama artillery, shot in right Answer. I have it here; it is a brief history of arm after surrender, fracture of arm, condition their cases, where they were wounded, how they favorable; private Henry Christon, company B, were wounded, and the condition they are in. - First Alabama artillery, shot in back before sur(Appendix to this deposition.)
render, wound serious, rather favorable ; private Question. Were you here in the hospital when Aaron Fintis, company D, First Alabama artilthose men were brought in ?
lery, shot in both legs after surrender, flesh Answer. I was.
wound, slight, condition_favoralle; private Question. Had you any conversation with them George Shaw, company B, First Tennessee artilthen ?
lery, shot in left side of head, shot in right wrist Answer. Yes, sir; with the greater part of after surrender, not serious, favorable; private them.
Major William, company B, First Tennessee arQuestion. Did you hear their testimony yes- tillery, shot through nose after surrender, not terday?
serious, condition favorable; officer's servant Answer. I did.
William Jerdon, Thirteenth Tennessee cavalry, Question. Did the statements they made to us shot in left ankle, amputation, shot in left arm, correspond with the statements they made to fracture of arm after surrender, very unfavorayou when they were first brought here? ble; Corporal Alexander Naison, company ('. Answer. They did.
First Alabama artillery, shot in right side of head Question. So far as you can judge, from your after surrender, not serious, favorable; private experience as a medical man, are their state. Thomas Gadis, company C, First Alabama artilments in relation to their injuries corroborated lery, shot in right hip after surrender, serious, by the appearance of the injuries themselves ? condition unfavorable; Corporal Eli Cothel, comAnswer. Yes, sir.
pany B, First Alabama artillery, shot in right leg Question. How many of those men have died while fighting, shot in left arm after surrender, since they have been received here?
flesh wound, favorable; private Sandy Cole, Answer. Only one in my ward.
company D, First Alabama artillery, sbot in Question. Ilow many are there now who you right thigh and arm after surrender, flesh wound, think will not recover ?
condition favorable; private Nathan Modley, Answer. I think there are three who will not company D, First Alabama artillery, shot in right recover; perhaps more.
knee after surrender, injury of joint, condition
unfavorable; private John Holland, company B, Ward N.—Private Elias Falls, company A, First Tennessee artillery, shot in right thigh after First Alabama artillery, shot in arm while fight- surrender, flesh wound, condition favorable; ing, shot in thigh after being prisoner, flesh private Robert Hall
, company C, First Alabama wound, condition favorable ; private Duncan artillery, sabre cut of head and left hand while Harden, company A, First Alabama artillery, lying sick in hospital, died. shot in arm while fighting, arm broke, shot in
STEWART GORDON, thigh after being prisoner, flesh wound, favora
Charge of Ward N. ble; private Nathan Hunter, company D, First Alabama artillery, shot in side and hip after sur- Dr. William N. McCoy, sworn and examined. render, flesh wound, condition favorable; Ser- By Mr. Gooch: geant Benjamin Robinson, company D, First Question. What is your position in the service ? Alabama artillery, shot in thigh and right leg Answer. I am an Acting Assistant Surgeon, after surrender, flesh wound, favorable ; private now stationed at Mound City General IIospital, in Daniel Tylor, company B, First Tennessee artil- charge of wards L, K, I, and H.
Wards L, K, lery, shot in right shoulder, shot in right eye and I have wounded in from Fort Pillow. after surrender, destroying sight, unfavorable; Question. Have you prepared a statement of private John Haskins, company B, First Tennes- the cases of those of your patients whom we exsee artillery, shot in left arm after surrender, amined here? flesh wound, slight, favorable; private Thomas Answer. Yes, sir; here is a statement.-(See Adison, company C, First Alabama artillery, shot appendix to this deposition.) in nose and right eye after surrender, destroying Question. Did you have any conversation with sight, unfavorable; private Alfred Flake, com- those wounded men in relation to their injuries pany A, First Alabama artillery, shot in left when they first came to the hospital? hand while lying sick in hospital, flesh wound, Answer. I did to some extent. unfavorable; private Manuel Nichols, company Question. Have any of the wounded from Fort B, First Alabama artillery, shot in left side be- Pillow died in your wards ? fore, and right arm after surrender, flesh wound, Answer. One in ward II.
Question. Are there others who you think will point a little below and at the opposite side, not recover ?
(flesh wound.) Done after the surrender. Answer. There are two whose recovery I think William A. Dickey, company B, Thirteenth is doubtful.
Tennessee cavalry, wounded after the surrender.
Ball entered abdomen four inches to the right of Wounded in wards L, K. and H, United States umbilicus; ball lost. General Hospital, Mound City, Illinois.-W.P. Thomas J. Cartwright, company A, Thirteenth Walker, Sergeant company D, Thirteenth Ten- Tennessee cavalry, received a wound in left nessee cavalry, received four wounds at Fort Pil- shoulder, strikiug pectoral muscle near axilla, low April twelfth, 1864. One ball passed fracturing clavicle; was extracted near the vertethrough left arm near middle third, fracturing bral column at upper and outer border of scapu. humerus. Second ball struck right side of neck, la. Done before the surrender. one and a half inch below mastoid process, and William L. McMichael, private, company C, remuning in. Third ball made flesh wound in Thirteenth Tennessce cavalry, received five right shoulder. Fourth ball struck left eye, sup- wounds. First ball glanced along the upper posed by himself to be a glancing shot; eye portion of right parietal bone, making wound totally destroyed. Done after the surrender. (flesh) two and a half inches long. Second ball
Milas M. N. Woodside, a discharged soldier glanced ulnar side of left fore-arm at wrist-joint. from the Seventh Tennessee cavalry, also from Third ball struck left side of abdomen on a line the Thirteenth Tennessee cavalry, wounded by from anterior superior process of ilium to symtwo balls, first (pistol) ball striking just below physis pubis ; ball not found. Fourth ball insertion of deltoid muscle of right arm, and re- struck near the insertion of tensu of right side; maining in ; second (musket) ball striking centre passed downwards four inches; was extracted. of right breast over third rib, and passing to the Wounds received after the surrender of the Fort. right and downward, emerged at inner border of Isaac J. Leadbetter, private, company E, the scapula, about six inches from point of en- Thirteenth Tennessee cavalry, received wound in rance. Done after the surrender.
left side. Musket-ball struck over eighth rib and Jason London, private, company B, Thirteenth plunged downward; is lost. Done after the surTennessee cavalry, received a ball, which struck render. che dorsal side of right hand about the junction James Walls, private, company E, Thirteenth of carpal and metacarpal bones of index finger; Tennessee cavalry, was wounded by musket-ball emerged at carpal bone of thumb; then struck | striking over origin of gluteus minemus of left thigh in front, about six inches above knee-joint; side, and passed upward and across, emerging passing over the bone, emerged on inner side. cleven inches from point of entrance almost over After being wounded, he was knocked down by the last rib of right side, and about two and a one of the fiends with a musket. Done after the half inches from vertebral column. Done after surrender.
the surrender. In charge of David H. Taylor, private, company E, Thir
William N. McCoy, teenth Tennessee cavalry, received five wounds.
Acting Assistant Surgeon United States Army. First (musket) ball passed in under the angle of right jaw, fracturing the symphysis, where it Dr. A. H. Kellogg, sworn and examined. emerged. Second ball struck front of right By the Chairman : shoulder-joint; emerged immediately behind car- Question. What is your rank and position in acoid process. Third ball entered three inches the service ? below, and a little to the right of entiform carti- Answer. I am an Acting Assistant Surgeon, in lage; passing downward, is lost. Fourth ball in charge of wards E and F, Mound City Genera? left knee, fracturing inner condyle of femur, and Hospital. passed into popliteal space. Fifth ball, upper Question. Were you present yesterday when part of middle third thigh; lost. Done after the the testimony of the wounded men in your surrender.
wards was taken? David W. Harrison, private, company D, Thir- Answer. I have but one under my charge who teenth Tennessee cavalry, received three wounds. was wounded at Fort Pillow. I heard his testiFirst (musket) ball passed from behind head of mony. humerus, left side; emerged between clavicle and Question. Had you previously had any converaxilla, producing compound comminuted fracture sation with him in relation to the circumstances of head and upper end of shaft of bone. Sez- attending his being wounded ? ond ball struck left side two and a half inches Answer. Yes, sir. above ilium ; ball not found. Third ball entered Question. Did his statements to us yesterday at upper edge of scapula behind, passing under correspond with the statements he made to you? the bone is lost. Wounds received after the sur- Answer. Yes, sir; except he gave a few more render.
details yesterday as to what was said to him. James Calvin Goeforth, private, company E, He told me that he was wounded after he had Thirteenth Tennessee cavalry, received wound. surrendered. Ball passed from right to left across the back, Question. Have you prepared a statement of entering at upper part of scapula; emerged at a his case ?
Answer. Yes, sir; here it is :
dle of right arm, flesh wound, done after surten. Woodford Cooksey, private, company A, Thir- der ; James H. Stout, private, company B, Thirteenth regiment Tennessee cavalry, gunshot teenth Tennessee, shot in right leg, producing wound, with comminuted fracture of middle third compound fracture of tibia, done after surrender; of left femur, received at Fort Pillow, April Thomas J. Thompson, private, company D, Thirtwelfth, 1864, after surrender.
teenth Tennessee, shot between sixth and seventh A. H. KELLOGG, M.D., ribs, ball passing downward is lost, done after
Acting Assistant Surgeon, U.S.A. surrender; Daniel H. Rankin, private, company Doctor Charles H. Vail, sworn and examined.
C, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot through left leg, By Mr. Gooch :
flesh wound, done after surrender; Wiley RobQuestion. What is your rank and position in inson, private, company A, Thirteenth Tennesthe service ?
see, sbot in right arm and right index finger, Answer. Acting Assistant Surgeon in charge of flesh wounds, shot through left index finger and wards A, B, C, and D, Mound City General Hos: through inferior lobe left lung, ball lodged, shot pital. The Adjutant of the Thirteenth Tennes- through left thigh and through left ankle, flesh
wounds, all but one shot done after surrender; see cavalry is in ward B.
Question. Have you prepared a statement of Daniel Stamps, private, company E, Thirteenth his case ?
Tennessee, shot through right thigh, flesh wound, Answer. Yes, sir; and also of Captain Porter, done after surrender ; James P. Meador, private, who is in the same ward, and who was too weak company A, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot through to be examined this morning :
inferior lobe of right lung and superior lobe of First Lieutenant Mack J. Seaming, Adjutant left lung, one shot after surrender ; William J. Thirteenth Tennessee cavalry, gunshot wound of Mays, company B, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot right side, received at Fort Pillow, April twelfth, through right axilla and side, flesh wounds, done 1864. Ball entered right side below inferior just before surrender ; James N. Taylor, private, angle of scapula, between sixth and seventh rib, company E, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot in right ranged down, and was lost in muscles near hip hip, ball lodged, done after surrender ; Francis Wounded after he had surrendered ; shot by a
A. Alexander, private, company C, Thirteenth man standing thirty feet above him on the bank. Tennesssee, shot through right leg, flesh wound, Present condition of patient good, with fair pros
done after surrender ; Nathan G. Fowlkes, pripect of recovery:
vate, company D, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot in Captain John H. Potter, company B, Thirteenth left leg, compound fracture of both bones, done
J. A. C. McCoy, Tennessee cavalry, wounded at Fort Pillow April
Acting Assistant Surgeon U.S.A. twelfth, 1864. Ball fractured skull, carrying away a portion of left parietal and frontal bones, Francis A. Alexander, company C, Thirteenth leaving brain exposed for a distance of an inch Tennessee, shot once after surrender
, dangerous; and a half; was wounded early in the fight by a Nathan G. Fowlkes, company D, Thirteenth sharp-shooter before the surrender. Present Tennessee, shot once after surrender, dangerous; condition almost hopeless; has remained insen-Wiley Robinson, company A, Thirteenth Tennsible ever since he was wounded.
essce, shot seven times, six times after surrenCharles H. VAIL, M.D., der, dangerous; Daniel Stamps, company E, Acting Assistant Surgeon U.S.A., in charge of Officers' Ward. Thirteenth Tennessee, shot once after surrender, Dr. J. A. C. McCoy, sworn and examined.
severe; James P. Meador, company A, ThirBy Mr. Gooch:
teenth Tennessee, shot twice, once after surrenQuestion. What is your rank and position ?
der, dangerous; James N. Taylor, company E, Answer. Acting Assistant Surgeon in charge Thirteenth Tennessee, shot once after surrender, of wards 0, P, Q, and R, in Mound City General dangerous ; William J. Mays, company B, ThirHospital.
teenth Tennessee, shot once just before surrenQuestion. Have you any of the wounded sol- der, dangerous; John F. Ray, company B, Thirdiers from Fort Pillow in your wards ?
teenth Tennessee, shot once after surrender, Answer. I have.
dangerous; John W. Shelton, company E, ThirQuestion. Have you prepared a statement of teenth Tennessee, shot once after surrender, their cases ?
dangerous; Thomas J. Thompson, company D, Answer. Yes, sir; I have two statements here Thirteenth Tennessee, shot once after surrender, prepared at different times ; I will hand you teenth Tennessee, shot once after surrender,
dangerous; Joseph M. Green, company A, Thirboth of them, as each one contains some partic- dangerous ; James H. Stout, company B, Thirulars not in the other.
Ward Q.—John F. Ray, private, company B, teenth Tennessee, shot once after surrender, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot in popliteal space,
dangerous; Daniel H. Rankin, company C, ball lodged, done after surrender; John W. Thirteenth Tennessee, shot once after surrender,
J. A. C. McCoy, M.D., Shelton, private, company E, Thirteenth Tennes- dangerous.
Acting Assistant Surgeon U.S.A. see, shot through left leg, middle third, flesh wound, done after surrender ; Joseph M. Green, The following is a statement prepared by Dr. private, company A, Thirteenth Tennessee, shot M. Black, of the cases under his charge : in right er, behind, ball escaping at mid-l Horton Casen, private, company A, First Ala