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bled over wires stretched from stump to stump, pose of burying their dead, and caring for their and fell among the dead and dying; yet still wounded. over their prostrate bodies marched the doomed Our own loss was but four killed, and eleven heroes of that forlorn hope.
wounded. Some pickets have been cut off, and At last the ditch was reached, and the slaugh- skirmishers captured, raising our loss to fortyter became butchery, as if on a wager of death five in all. Before Fort Sanders, south of the against mortality. Benjamin's guns on the sa- river, however, the Twenty-seventh Kentucky lient swept the ditch, as the tornado would the having abandoned the rifle-pits, the enemy, of
The earth was sated with blood. Men course, entered them, and enfilading the line, waded in blood, and struggled up the scarp, and, killed, wounded, and captured some fifty. Colslipping in blood, fell back to join their mangled onel Cameron pushed forward other troops, and predecessors in the gory mud below. The reöccupied the works without further mischief. shouts of the foiled and infuriate rebels, the Our entire loss during the night and day is groans of the dying, and shrieks of the wounded, within one hundred. The rebels removed their arose above the din of the cannon. Benjamin dead and wounded, and the occasion was imlighted shell, and threw them over the parapet, proved to exchange the wounded of other occaand artillerymen followed his example. One sions. Among ours, I note the gallant Major rebel climbed the parapet, and planted the flag Byington, of the Second Michigan, who was of the Thirteenth Mississippi regiment on the wounded in the charge of his regiment upon the summit; but the rebel shout that greeted its rebel works on Tuesday last. His wounds are appearance had scarce left the lips that framed severe, but not mortal. He speaks highly of it, than man and flag were in the ditch together, the kindness of the rebel surgeons. Among the pierced by a dozen balls. Another rebel repeat-rebel officers killed was Colonel McElroy, of the ed the feat, and rejoined his comrade. A third Thirteenth Mississippi. His lieutenant, John essayed to bear off the flag, and was cloven with O'Brian, a brother of Mrs. Parson Brownlow, is
One man entered an embrasure, and our prisoner. The rebels were posted on the was blown to fragments; two more were cut fight between Grant and Bragg, and have two down in another; but not one entered the fort. stories concerning it.
As one of them agrees The three veteran regiments of the Ninth army with ours, we believe that. As Longstreet has corps stood up to the work before them unflinch- now tried the siege plan and the assault, and ing and glorious to a man. The heroes of a failed in both, we can conceive no further necesdozen campaigns, from the Potomac to Vicks-sity for his longer residence in East-Tennessee, burgh, they found themselves, for the third time, and if he be not gone tomorrow, we shall be arrayed for trial of courage and endurance with unable to account for it. the flower of the Southern army-the picked November 30—A.M.-It has been comparamen of Longstreet's boasted veterans; and saw tively quiet this morning. A few shots have been the sun rise, on that chill Sunday morning in exchanged between the batteries and an occaNovember, on an entire brigade annihilated, and sional one along the skirmish line. two more severely punished. Even the dead
The enemy exhibits no indication of a renewal outnumbered us, for not more than three hun of the attack. dred of our force participated in the defence of The total number of prisoners taken yesterday Fort Sanders. Benjamin, of the Third United is two hundred and thirty-four. States artillery, and Buckley, of the First Rhode December 1-A. M.—Still quiet. The enemy battery, were foremost in acts of daring and show no signs of another attack. gallantry. General Ferrero, who has never left The weather is clear but cold, with severe the fort since Longstreet's appearance before it, frosts at night. to whose skill and foresight much of the admir- The following order, congratulatory to our able dispositions for defence were due, was in troops for the victory of Sunday last, was adcommand, and right nobly he has earned his dressed to them this morning, and was received star. His coolness, energy, and skill are sub- with enthusiastic cheering all around the line: jects of universal encomiums. The dead and wounded were left on the field,
GENERAL FIELD ORDERS-NO. 33. and the ghastly horrors were rendered sickening
HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE Ouro, by the vain cries of hundreds for water and help.
IN THE FIELD, November 30, 1863. In full view from the embrasures, the ground The brilliant events of the twenty-vinth inwas covered with dead, wounded, and dying. stant, so successful to our arms, seem to present Forty-eight were heaped up in the ditch before a fitting occasion for the Commanding General to the bastion ; thirteen in another place, almost thank this army for their conduct through the within reach of those who, though late their severe experiences of the past seventeen days, to foes, would have willingly heeded their anguish- assure them of the important bearing it has las ed shrieks for water; yet none dare go to their on the campaign in the West, and to give them assistance. The humanity of General Burnside the news of the great victory gained by General was not proof against so direct an appeal, and Grant, toward which their fortitude and their he at once sent in a flag of truce, offering an bravery have in a high degree contributed. armistice until five o'clock p.M., for the pur- In every fight in which they have been engaged,
Vol. VIII.-Doc. 17
and recently in those near Knoxville, at London, emy. Here I remained till the last gun had at Campbell's Station, and, finally, around the passed, and then followed in the march to Knoxdefences on both sides of the river, while on the ville, reaching there about midnight, and enmarch, and in cold and in hunger, they have camped on the ground formerly occupied by Geneverywhere shown a spirit which has given to the eral Potter's headquarters. On the morning of army of the Ohio a name second to none. the seventeenth, I detailed, by order of General
By holding in check a powerful body of the Potter, one captain, one lieutenant, and thirty enemy, they have seriously weakened the rebel men, to patrol the city, and arrest and turn over army under Bragg, which has been completely to their respective division provost-marshals all defeated by General Grant, and, at the latest ac- stragglers from the Ninth army corps; the balcounts, was in full retreat for Dalton, closely pur-ance of the command was under orders to more sued by him, with the loss of six thousand pris- at any moment. About two o'clock P.M., I reoners, fifty-two pieces of artillery, and twelve ported, with my command, to headquarters Ninth stands of colors.
army corps, in Knoxville, and remained there till For this great and practical result, toward next morning, when I was ordered to report to which the army of the Ohio has done so much, the First brigade, First division, which I immethe Commanding General congratulates them, and diately did, and was assigned to duty in Fort with the fullest reliance on their patience and Sanders, since which my command has consticourage in the dangers they may yet have to tuted the major portion the garrison. meet, looks forward with confidence, under the I detailed, daily, two commissioned officers blessing of Almighty God, to a successful close and forty-five men as a grand reserve for the of the campaign.
skirmishers in front of the works. This party By command of Major-General BURNSIDE. were posted on the crest of the hill, about five LEWIS RICHMOND, A. A. G.
hundred yards in front of the work, with instruc
tions to hold the position at all hazards, should CAPTAIN MONTGOMERY'S REPORT.
the enemy attempt to carry it. No casualties FORT SANDERS, KNOXVILLE, TENN., Dec. 5, 1863. occurred while on this duty, and the position was Sır: I have the honor to submit the following maintained till about half-past eleven o'clock on report of the operations of this regiment, under the night of the twenty-cighth, when the enemy my command, since the fourteenth ultimo: advanced and drove in the skirmishers. Such
At that date, my command was stationed at was the impetuosity of his advance, that he had Lenoir's Station, on duty at headquarters Ninth almost gained the crest occupied by the reserve army corps. About eight o'clock A. m., I received before they could fire a shot, and they were thus orders to strike camp and hold myself in readi- compelled to fall back, only, howerer, for about ness to move at a moment's notice. This order fifty yards. Having gained the position which was promptly carried out, and, having formed the reserve was thus compelled to relinquish, the line and stacked arms, waited for further devel- enemy was contented for the night; and at fire opments. During the early part of the day, the o'clock next morning, (the twenty-ninth,) I sent camp of the corps headquarters was struck, and out, as usual, the detail to relieve the reserve, the wagons packed, numerous other calls made with the instructions, which I received from Genon my men to load forage and other Government eral Ferrero, that the position lost on the preproperty on the cars, besides furnishing several vious night was to be retaken at all hazards. guards. My command was thus occupied till This was accomplished; but no sooner so, than early on the morning of the sixteenth, when, at the enemy again made a demonstration, and, early dawn, I received orders to move and sup- from the velocity of his advance, it was evident port a section of the Third United States ar- he meant to storm; nor was this impression intillery, under command of Lieutenant Bartlett. correct. It is proper here to state, that my comThe roads impassable, and the horses worn out, mand only consisted of one hundred and fortygreat physical exertion was required on the part four muskets, and, at the time the enemy made of the men to keep the section in motion. Be- the assault, there were not more than fifty men yond this, nothing occurred worthy of notice till in the fort. The reserve, which had been rereaching Campbell's Station, when I was ordered lieved, together with the party who relieved by General Burnside, in person, to take up posi- them, were soon, however, on hand, and in position under cover, and support a section of Ben- tion in the front. The enemy steadily advanced, jamin's battery. I had a good opportunity for and quickly crowded on the rainparts and in the doing so, in a defile, between two fences. While ditch. The fire from the artillery was rendered in this position, I was called on by order of Gen- useless, the enemy having got within range, so eral Potter, to detail a commissioned officer and that it was left to infantry entirely to defend the twenty men, to take in charge some prisoners; fort. and a like detail, to cover the road leading to Now it was that the often tried mettle of the Knoxville, to arrest and detain all stragglers IIighlanders was put to its severest test. Never from their commands; and another, of eighteen were men more cool or determine l. Oficers and men, to assist in working the guns of Buckley's men alike were fully alive to the position they battery. I had thus under one hundred men were placed in, and how much depended on their available for fighting duty, should my command action. So fierce was the attack, that no less have been called into active contact with the en- I than three stands of colors were planted on the
salient of the north-west bastion, the point as- and the best of spirits exist among all classes, sailed. Two of these were blown into the ditch citizens and soldiers. Up to last Saturday, an by our fire; the other, that of the Fifty-first assault has been a matter of dread by many; Georgia regiment, was heroically captured by but since the terrible storming of Fort Sanders First Sergeant Francis W. Judge, company K, on that memorable morning, and its disastrous who, on seeing it, sprang on the ramparts, and and bloody results, even assaults have lost their seizing it and its bearer, brought them into the terrors. The rebels seem still to surround us, fort. From both flanks of the bastion a terrific and their pickets are quite as strong and vigilant and deadly fire was poured into the enemy's as ever, but no demonstration of a serious nature ranks, and hundreds fell wounded, others to rise has been made by them since Sunday. We are
The enemy was repulsed and driven in the dark as to the rebel movements altogether, from the work, hundreds of prisoners were taken, and can but theorize upon the little we know. [ and hundreds killed and wounded ; the carnare confess I am a subscriber to the proposition that was fearful, and cannot be described; the eye places Longstreet in the position of the gentledimmed and the heart sickened at the sight. man who caught the Tartar, having invested,
Every man had forty rounds of ammunition threatened, and besieged Knoxville, in so far as when the assault was made, and I furnished he was able. He is now more anxious concernthem with twenty additional rounds each while ing a method of escape, and is doubtless strainthe action was in progress; there could not have ing every nerve to accomplish so desirable a rebeen less than fifty rounds per man consumed. sult. Nevertheless, we are told to hold KnoxBesides the stands of colors captured on the ville at every hazard by a man who seldom gives ramparts, my command is entitled to be credited an order without an object, and thus far we have with a large share of the captured arms and ac- done so. We could rally from our works and coutrements, with a large number of prisoners. ascertain more of Longstreet, but he might not
The casualties were few, wonderfully few, and be so much gone off as we think, and we can afmust be accounted for by the cool and careful ford no unusual risks; so we watch the pickets manner in which the officers and men moved day and night, and every time we see a rebel themselves. Had the officers been less careful, head we shoot at it, and they generally return and allowed the men to expose themselves un- the compliment. As these memoranda of curnecessarily, the consequences might have been rent events may probably never reach you, and fearful. It is pleasing, and it affords me unmin-might reach the enemy, I make no details. If gled gratification to be able to record the gallant no attack is made to-night, Longstreet will have conduct of every officer and man in the com- irretrievably lost his opportunity, and should he mand; I would be doing myself and them an in- have procrastinated his departure, will probably justice did I fail to do so.
be lost himself, since we have tolerably sure eviNumerous instances of individual heroism were dence that we shall be relieved within thirty-six noticeable, but it would be invidious to mention hours from our present predicament. names when all behaved with so much bravery. Dec. 3. - No attack last night. The rebel
I cannot close without paying a tribute to the pickets are still vigilant, but nothing further can good conduct and cheerful demeanor of the men, be ascertained. We begin to wonder what he all throughout this trying time, on short rations, means and why he goes not. No news of our and continued duty by night and day. They reënforcements. One rumor comes to us that never complained, but, on the contrary, have per- Granger had an engagement with the enemy formed every duty, and suffered the privation near Clinton, and captured three guns. A deand exposure without a murmur.
serter reports a battle near Loudon, between our Subjoined is a list of casualties.
reënforcements and Longstreet. A party of citiI am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient zens from Sevierville report no appearance of the servant,
WM. S. MONTGOMERY, enemy in that direction. It is rumored to-day
having abandoned Richmond and removed the Twenty-third, private W. J. Coyle, wounded capital to Montgomery. Amid all these rumors in left forearm. Twenty-fourth, Malcolin Sinclair, we are quietly awaiting orders. The desperate head. Twenty-fifth, Lieutenant Charles Watson. straits to which rebeldom is driven by the sumPrivates Henry Pikel, thigh ; Pat. Carlin, thigh. mer and fall campaigns, give plausibility to any Sergeants Thomas Denham, killed ; Robert Ath-story, however improbable. Should Lee be able erly, killed; privates, John Burgess, killed ; Da- to aid Longstreet by any concatenation of militavid Schultz, killed. Sergeant Alfred Luce, wound.
ry circumstances, we will, probably, be obliged ed in the head; privates, Robert Paterson, thigh; to inake different arrangements. Till then, we Roderick McKenzie, shoulder; James Mitchell, feel quite comfortable in the hope of capturing breast; Wm. Smith, head.
KNOXVILLE, Dec. 2. To offset the rumor, we have another quite as Seventeen days of siege. We have no butter, likely, if not more plausible, that Willcox is chickens, eggs, vegetables, or other luxuries of marching from the Gap along the valley into Virhat kind, and have only one quarter rations of ginia, to destroy their salt-works and demolish coffee, but so far we have had plenty of pork, any scattering rebs that may still infest those beef, four, and meal. Every one is confident, I regions.
You may judge, from the number and nature sures for one gun, situated checkerboard fashion; of these rumors, what our situation must be, shut that is, one in front of a given line, the next, up from all outside information, as we are, here say fifty yards to the rear, and so on. These all, within the corporate limits of Knoxville. except two, which were evidently the last two
In a former letter, speaking of the affair of built, and which were located two hundred yards Sunday, I stated the Twenty-seventh Kentucky to the left of the Clinton Railroad, bore upon the
had abandoned the rifle-pits, etc.” This was works of Fort Sanders and Temperance Hill forts. the information forwarded to division headquar- These last two works commanded the gorge of the ters. I learn since that it was untrue. The re- railroad running north from the city. giment was ordered to fall back by the officer in To the right of this line, eastward, there was command, and behaved gallantly in the subse- chiefly an open plain, three quarters of a mile quent charge to regain their position.
wide, extending round to our extreine right, Saturday, Dec. 5. -- I add hastily by sudden which was perfectly honeycombed by our own courier. It is over. Our long, anxious suspense, and the enemy's rifle-pits, in some parts within a the siege, the campaign, and, I devoutly trust few yards of each other. Their camp-fires were and believe, the culminating crisis of the rebel. still burning in many places, and a considerable lion. The dead point of danger is past; the quantity of camp débris was scattered about. The position of East-Tennessee is assured to the enemy had begun to construct log huts, showing Union. The Smoky Mountains will hereafter that he had intended to stay. become our military front. The advance of our At the small-pox hospital, opposite the Clinton reënforcements, under Sherman, arrived yester- Railroad, a mile from town, a soldier having that day morning. Granger is on the way. Long- loathsome disease had been left, with an attendstreet's hours in East-Tennessee are numbered. ant two days before the enemy came in. Upon His chief care since that glorious Sunday before the arrival of the rebel army the nurse ran away, Sanders has been, as I suggested, to escape from and the poor soldier probably died for want of atthe trap in which he was involved by that blun- tention. Yesterday he was found dead in the dering humbug Bragg: Our faith in Grant has house, his blankets and clothing having been not been in vain or misplaced.
stripped off and carried away by some greedy A cavalry brigade, in command of Colonel rebel in Longstreet's army. Long, Fourth Ohio volunteer cavalry, is march- Five miles from town, near the house of a Nr. ing across our pontoon while I write. From Bell, one of our men was found hanging by the Major Smith and Dr. Owens, of the Fifth Ohio neck suspended to the limb of a tree, with å pavolunteer cavalry, I learn the particulars of the per pinioned upon his breast. The paper conutter demoralization of Bragg. A reconnoissance tained in pencil the following: “Milon Ferguson, of our front is now out. The result will prob-One Hundred and Eighteenth Ohio regiment, ably be to bring in rebel pickets out of the wet, sent into our lines by Colonel Byrd in disguise. and ascertain that Longstreet is on his way to Hung as a spy, by order of
General Dixie. I will send particulars as soon as obtain- Carter sent and had the soldier brought to town ed. I cannot obtain full lists of killed and and decently interred. The neighbors, who were wounded of Shackleford's division. Our entire accused of the hanging, say it was done by rebel loss in all the engagements, during twenty-two General Martin's escort. days, will not reach one thousand. The rebel The following is General Burnside's congratuloss, during the same time, is not short of five latory order to the army : thousand.
HEADQUARTERS ARMY OF THE OWO, News of reconnoissance just in-enemy gone
IN THE FIELD, December 5, 1563. since Tuesday. Our cavalry are in pursuit to GENERAL FIELD ORDERS, No. 34. pick up stragglers. Thus endeth the campaign The Commanding General congratulates the in East-Tennessee. What we will do with the troops on the raising of the siege. huge army sent here by Grant, is problematical. With unsurpassed fortitude and patient watchOne does not require the foot of an elephant to fulness they have sustained the wearing duties kill a gnat, and Grant is not one to overdo. of the defence, and with unyielding courage they
December 6.-I made a thorough survey of have repulsed the most desperate assaults. the enemy's position yesterday. The extent The army of the Ohio has nobly guarded the and elaborateness of their defensive as well as loyal region it redeemed from its oppressors, and offensive works is proof positive that they in- rendered the heroic defence of Knoxville memortended to stay in front of Knoxville until it was able in the annals of the war. captured or surrendered. It would be safe to say Strengthened by the experiences and the suethat four hundred acres of timber were cleared cesses of the past, they now, with the powerful off by Longstreet's army and converted into log support of the gallant army which has come to breastworks, and protections for rifle-pits. Their their relief, and with undoubting faith in the line of permanent works extended from the front Divine protection, enter with the brightest prosof Fort Sanders about two and a half miles round pects upon the closing scenes of a most brilliant to the right, terminating at the line of the Clin- campaign. ton Railroad.
By command of Major-General BURNSDE. There are eight inclosed works, with embra- LEWIS RICHMOND, A. A. G.
HONOR TO THE FALLEN.
GENERAL BUTLER'S ORDER.
or VIRGINIA AND NORTH-CAROLINA,
Ohio volunteer mounted infantry, who fell morHEADQUARTERS ARMY OF TIE OHO,
tally wounded in the action near Philadelphia, KNOXVILLE, TENN., Dec, 11.
Tennessee. GENERAL Order, No. 37.
Battery Billingsley—Between Gay street and In order clearly to designate the positions oc- First Creek, in memory of Lieutenant J. Bilcupied by our troops during the recent siege, and lingsley, Seventeenth Michigan infantry, who fell in token of respect to the gallant officers who in action in front of Fort Sanders, November twenfell in defence of Knoxville, the several forts and tieth. batteries are named as follows:
Fort Higley-Comprising all the works on the Battery Noble-At loop-holed house south of hill west of the railroad embankment, south side Kingston road, in memory of Lieutenant and Ad- of the river, in memory of Captain Joel P. Higjutant William Noble, Second Michigan volun- ley, Seventh Ohio cavalry, who fell in action at teers, who fell in the charge upon the enemy's Blue Springs, Tennessee, October sixteenth, 1863. rifle-pits, in front of Fort Sanders, on the morn- Fort Dickerson-Comprising all the works being of November twenty-fourth.
tween Fort Stanley and Fort Higley, in memory Fort Byington-At College, after Major Cor- of Captain Jonathan Dickerson, One Hundred nelius Byington, Second Michigan volunteers, and Twelfth Illinois mounted infantry, who fell in who fell mortally wounded, while leading the as- action near Cleveland, Tennessee. sault upon the enemy's rifle-pits, in front of Fort By command of Major-General BURNSIDE. Sanders, on the morning of November twenty- LEWIS RICHMOND, A. A. G. fourth.
Battery Galpin-East of Second Creek, in memory of Lieutenant Galpin, Second Michigan
Doc. 20. volunteers, who fell in the assault upon the enemy's rifle-pits, in front of Fort Sanders, on the GOVERNMENT OF THE CONTRABANDS. morning of November twenty-fourth. Fort Comstock-On Summit Hill, near the rail
HEADQUARTERS EIGHTEENTH ARMY CORPS, DEPARTMENT road dépôt, in memory of Lieutenant-Colonel Comstock, Seventeenth Michigan volunteers, who
Fort MONROE, VA., December 5, 1863, fell in our lines during the siege.
GENERAL ORDERS, No. 46. Battery Wiltsee-West of Gay street, in mem- The recruitment of colored troops has become ory of Captain Wiltsee, Twentieth Michigan vol- the settled purpose of the Government. It is unteers, who was mortally wounded in our lines therefore the duty of every officer and soldier to during the siege.
aid in carrying out that purpose, by every proFort Huntington Smith—On Temperance Hill, per means, irrespective of personal predilection. in memory of Lieutenant-Colonel Huntington To do this effectually, the former condition of Smith, Twentieth Michigan volunteer infantry, the blacks, their change of relation, the new who fell at the battle of Campbell's Station. rights acquired by them, the new obligations im
Battery Clifton Lee-East of Fort Huntington posed upon them, the duty of the Government Smith, in memory of Captain Clifton Lee, One to them, the great stake they have in the war, Hundred and Twelfth Illinois mounted infantry, and the claims their ignorance, and the helplesswho fell in the of November eighteenth, in ness of their women and children, make upon front of Fort Sanders.
each of us who hold a higher grade in social Fort Hill-At the extreme eastern point of and political life, must all be carefully considered. our lines, in memory of Captain Hill, of the It will also be taken into account that the Twelfth Kentucky cavalry, who fell during the colored soldiers have none of the machinery of siege.
“State aid," for the support of their families Battery Fearns—On Flint Hill, in memory of while fighting our battles, so liberally provided Lieutenant and Adjutant Charles W. Fearns, for the white soldiers, nor the generous bounties Forty-fifth Ohio mounted infantry, who fell in the given by the State and National Governments in action of November eighteenth, in front of Fort the loyal States—although this last is far more Sanders.
than compensated to the black man by the great Battery Zoellner-Between Fort Sanders and boon awarded to him, the result of the warSecond Creek, in memory of Lieutenant Frank freedom for himself and his race for ever! Zoellner, Second Michigan volunteers, who fell To deal with these several aspects of this submortally wounded, in the assault upon the en-ject, so that as few of the negroes as possible emy's rifle-pits in front of Fort Sanders, on the shall become chargeable either upon the bounty morning of November twenty-fourth.
of Government or the charities of the benevoBattery Stearman-In the gorge between Tem- lent, and at the same time to do justice to those perance Hill and Mabrey's Hill, in memory of who shall enlist, to encourage enlistment, and Lieutenant William Stearman, Thirteenth Ken- to cause all capable of working to employ them., tucky volunteers, who fell near Loudon, Tennes- selves for their support, and that of their fam
ilies—either in arms or other service--and that Fort Stanley-Comprising all the works upon the rights of negroes and the Government may the central hill on the south side of the river, in both be protected, it is ordered : memory of Captain C. B. Stanley, Forty-fifth First. In this department, after the first day