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ourselves on the certainty of capturing “Mud- cighth Ohio, Colonel Moore, (German regiment,) wall Jackson" and his fleet-footed ragged chiv- were sent to the right, to endeavor to turn the alry; but after a hard ride of nine miles, we rebel position. Next to the Twenty-eighth was found that the force sent out to intercept him the Third Virginia, Lieutenant-Colonel Thompwere just too late, and only came up with his son; then the Second Virginia, Lieutenant-Colrear-guard. When we arrived, the fighting had onel Scott; and the Eighth Virginia, Colonel already begun, and an artillery duel was in pro. Oley. These were all old veterans, that had gress. We dismounted, and immediately formed been trained in the valley and Eastern Virginia, into line of battle and went into the fight. The under Milroy, Cluseret, and Bohlen. The skir: part of the brigade engaged drove him six miles, mishers moved off in splendid style, with the supand he finally took position on the top of Droop porting line close behind them, and in a very Mountain. Mill Point was the depot for his short time the firing became brisk and animated, supplies and stores, and these we captured and and right gallantly did the regiments on the destroyed.

right perform their part, as they swept around It was not part of the General's plan to drive the westward of the two mountains, while the him any farther, or bring on an engagement that regiments in the front moved more slowly; but day; for General Averill expected to form a it was a steady, onward movement, over a hill, junction with the forces of General Duffic, from across a field, through the woods, and across the Kanawha valley, at Lewisburgh, on the ravines, the rebels retiring, as if to husband their seventh, two days hence. We, therefore, went strength for their strong position. into camp in the morning on the farm of McNeil, The Second and Eighth moved up until they who had a son a captain in the rebel army, and got within point-blank range of the rebel sharpuncle to the McNeil who infests the country shooters, the Eighth exposed to a galling fire about Moorfield, in Hardy County.

from the rebel breastworks, and right under the Here we found plenty of corn, oats, and hay rebel battery that opened on us with shell, but for our horses, and they, together with the men, we were protected with woods, and by lying on had a good rest.

the ground the shot and shell passed over us. The At this place the boys made a purchase of but- skirmishers kept a constant fire, while the heavy ter. The price was five dollars in confederate roll of musketry on the right, as it curved arounil money, but they purchased it for fifteen cents in the mountain, was as steady as the fire fanned by postal currency. At night it threatened rain, but the wind advances through the leaves on the the sun rose clear next morning, with a high mountain-side. The keen crack of the Enfields of wind blowing; and after breakfast we mounted, the Tenth, and the deeper bass of the big bores and started for the scene of conflict.

of the Germans, could be readily distinguishel, Droop Mountain was a high, elevated position, while overhead a strong wind made a deep, overlooking the whole valley, the eastern face steady roar in the naked branches of the forest, cleared, and the turnpike ascending that slope, and to heighten the grand battle picture, the and the rebel battery commanding every turn of woods were on fire, the branches of the trees the road and the whole country in the front, crossing to the ground, under the effects of the while the extreme point of the mountain was shot and shell, accompanied by the heavy roar of covered with woods. And this the rebels had the artillery, and music, and bursting of shell, fortified with a breastwork of logs, brush, rails, and the constant roll of the musketry. and rocks. Immediately under the point it was When the critical moment arrived, the Third cleared, and very steep. In this steep hill-side and Second advanced, and just as the Eighth was a spring, with swampy soil overgrown with emerged from the woods the rebels began to tussocks of grass, briers, weeds, and burs. The waver, and with a cheer we charged up the western side of the mountain was covered with steep mountain-side, and over the breastworks, thick woods and heavy undergrowth, and to the officers and men mingled in confusion, covered westward another mountain, covered with tim- with perspiration, dirt, and their clothes covered ber, while the country in front was broken by with burs. Just at this time Ewing's battery low hills, partly open and partly wooded, and found a position, and opened fire on the rebels. from the elevated position that the rebels occu- The rebel battery swept the point with grape pied they could see almost all our movements and canister, but our men fought from behind below, and besides, it was exceedingly difficult stumps, trees, and logs; the gallant Tenth and to find a position for our artillery. Nature could glorious old Twenty-eighth closed in, and the not have made a stronger position, and this they rebels became terror-stricken and began to rehad fortified; and when the rebel Colonel Patten treat, and then the retreat became a rout, while arrived, he stated that "he could with his regi- from our boys went up one prolonged cheer that ment, the Twenty-second, hold it against the was kept up, and the pursuit began immediately. whole of Averill's brigade;" but, poor fellow, he It was a hard day's work, but officers and men was wofully mistaken..

worked with a will, and did their whole duty – When the brigade arrived at Hillsborough, a no flinching, no shirking. village three miles from the top of the mountain, The rebel dead and wounded lay on top of the Keeper's battery was sent to the left, supported mountain, and almost the first one we saw was a by the Fourteenth Pennsylvania; while the dead negro, with gun in hand and cartridge box Tenth Virginia, Colonel Harris, and the Twenty-I buckled on; while prisoners were being taken

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every moment, the men in their eagerness were These sink-holes are one of the peculiar feafollowing on, but the Tenth and Twenty-eighth tures of this valley, and the town of Lewisburgh were resting from sheer exhaustion.

is built in one. Immediately in rear of the battle-field was the We arrived at the town at four o'clock, where rebel commissary building, and they had t!ım- the Kanawha force had already arrived. Ilere bled out barrels of flour and provisions, with we learned that the rebels had kept on their arms, ammunition, accoutrements, clothing, etc., flight in the direction of Sweet Springs, in Monthrown away in their flight. In a short time the roe, and after passing the Green Brier had burned horses were brought up, we mounted, and the the bridge. pursuit began, and Major Gibson, with his bat- After a night's rest, took up the march for the talion, took the lead. In a few moments we White Sulphur, the Ninety-first Onio going with came to two broken ambulances, with their con- us as far as the ford of the river. On our march, tents lying by the roadside; here lay Major Bai- we found two camps that were burning, and were ley, of the Twenty-second; here, some wounded; designed for winter-quarters. One was on a hill there, some dead; a little further on, a large party beyond the town, and the other hid away in the of prisoners; a little further on, another group; ravine alongside of the turnpike. At the river in the middle of the road, a broken wagon, and a we discovered that the rebels had destroyed five large bay horse shot in the head; and a little hundred barrels of flour that were in the mills, further on, a burning caisson, with the terrified and the empty barrels were tloating in the water. rebels flying and scattering through the woods, Here the Ninety-first took the road to Union, where cavalry could not pursue them, while the in Monroe, (wonder that the rebels have not road was strewn with the débris of a terror changed the name,) and we took the road to the stricken, routed army. It was late in the day, White Sulphur. When within four miles of the and we kept up the pursuit for ten miles, until latter place, two of the poor wounded men beafter dark, when we went into camp in a field, longing to Ewing's battery came to us. One of around a “sink-hole” that afforded water for the poor fellows had lost a leg, and came on our horses, after achieving one of the most com- crutches. They were overjoyed to meet us. We plete as well as brilliant victories of the war. arrived at the Springs at ten o'clock, and released

The rebels were commanded by General the balance of the wounded, who had been woundEchols, and the forces engaged were the Twenty- ed in the Rocky Gap battle. The White Sulsecond Virginia, Colonel Patten's regiment, who phur is a beautiful spot, but now appeared lonely commanded a brigade, Fourteenth Virginia, Eigh- and desolate, with its hotels, halls, and buildings teenth, Nineteenth, Twentieth, Edgar's battalion, closed; and I felt sad and indignant both, that Derrick's battalion, four companies partisan ran- this lovely spot had been desecrated by the foul gers, one section Jackson's battery, Chapman's breath of treason, its beauty marred by the loathbattery, Colonel Jackson's battery of four guns, some presence of the wicked conspirators, who and the militia from part of Pocahontas and Green resorted here to concoct their plans of treachery. 3rier were present. Rebel killed and wounded From here we went to our Rocky Gap battlehree hundred, and over one hundred prisoners, field of August, where we made a halt, and took even hundred stand of small arms, three pieces a survey of the ground; and after visiting the if artillery, and one stand of colors. Our loss graves of the brave and good men who repose vas two officers killed and four wounded, twenty- here, we resumed the march, and halted for the zine men killed, ninety wounded, and one missing. night at Calighan's.

In this battle, as at Rocky Gap, the rebels Next morning, as the column started, a party yershot us. The battle was fought on Friday, of bushwhackers fired into the Second. One of Tovember sixth, and on the seventh we expected the rascals was captured. We took the road to , unite with General Duffie, and now that the Warın Springs, and a detachment of the Eighth, attle was over, we were in hopes that the Kana- under Major Slack, was sent to make a reconwha forces would intercept the fugitives at Lew-noissance in the direction of Covington. During sburgh.

the march this morning, we were startled by an Saturday morning was warm and spring-like, explosion, as if a steam-boiler or mine had burst, and we took up the line of march for Lewis- and a large volume of smoke arose. One of the burgh. After our descent from the mountains, caissons of Ewing's battery, in crossing a gully, we entered the fertile valley of the Green Brier, had exploded, providentially injuring but three which expands to a breadth similar to the She- men, but scattering the contents all around, nandoah, and the same kind of geological forma- and blowing the caisson all to atoms. The acci. tion — Saurian limestone. In coming down the dent was occasioned by a percussion-shell being mountain, W9 came across the brass twelve- carelessly packed. We arrived at the Jackson pound howitzer that the rebels had cast away in River road at one o'clock, and made a halt for their flight, and all along the road was the same the detachment under Major Slick to overtake rubbish as near the battle-field. Our march was us. We marched up the valley of Jackson River, slow, for we wished to save our horses. We and after night burned a rebel camp and potash passed through the town of Frankfort, and a factory. We encamped for the night at Gateshort distance from Lewisburgh we came to the wood's, and here was plenty of corn and wheat camp of the Twenty-second, screened from view for our horses; it had been snowing during the in a grove in a “sink-hole."

day, and a cold, wintry night, but there was

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plenty of rails for fuel, and we slept by blazing large bottom on the river, and again found an fires.

abundant supply of corn and hay for the horses, Next morning resumed the march up the Back and the boys believing that all such forage beCreek valley. This morning a dog ran a fine longs to “Uncle Sam,” especially if claimed by buck into the water at the picket-post, which rebels, have no compunctions of conscience about they secured. We burned an extensive salt- using it. petre works, and another. winter encampment of Next morning a detachment of the Eighth was the rebels. Our train was fired into by a bush sent down the North Fork, while the balance of whacker, but he was secured after receiving a the brigade started for Petersburgh. The march broken leg. Our march led us through the settle-to-day called up the recollections of the march ment where we had been bushwhacked on our the first time under Fremont, and through this former expedition, and as we had a little account beautiful valley almost every spot was rememto settle, we “camped” there. Here we cap- bered: the road, the camps, the church at the tured a rebel lieutenant, and the boys found quite" Tract,” the burned bridge-all would call forth a number of deposits of apples bid away in the some remark; for then every thing was fresh and ground. Here was abundant forage for the horses novel, and we had not become hardened. and mountain-mutton for supper, and with a soft We came through the Mill Creek Valley bed of hay after supper, before our "big" fires, good, loyal neighborhool, and the homes of Capwe had a luxurious night's rest.

tain 'Ault's “Swamp Rangers.” We now felt Next morning, at seven o'clock, we resumed that we were among friends; and from here to the march, and when we arrived at the place New-Creek there is a large proportion of Union where the road diverges to Monterey, we de- men. stroyed another winter encampment of the rebels, We arrived at Petersburgh, and enjoyed a two and the Fourteenth Pennsylvania was sent around days' rest. by that route to meet us at the point where the This morning McNeil and White, with three Crab Bottom road strikes the South Branch, hundred guerrillas, attacked a train of ninety while the rest of the brigade continued up the wagons, which were on the way from New-Creek valley to Hightown; we arrived here at noon to Petersburgh. They killed two of the guards, and halted. This is the point where the Beverly wounded five, pillaged seven wagons and burned and Staunton road descends the Alleghanies on five, and captured two hundred horses. It was the eastern side, and this gap between the double a bold, daring act; but the train was some two inountain is the source of the two branches of miles in length, and a guard of only seventy-five the James and Potomac.

men to protect it. As soon as the General got Here is another of the splendid views to be the news, he sent the Third Virginia in pursuit, met with in the mountains, and as each season if possible to overtake them; but the rebels haud has its own peculiar beauties and charms, yet for six hours' start, and with their knowledge of the grandeur, the winter scenery of the mountains country, but a slight prospect of overtaking them. cannot be surpassed, when earth's huge billows This evening we cainped on the farm of Mrs. are capped with snow, and a wilderness of moun- Williams, who has a son with McNeil, and she, tains is spread out as far as the eye can reach. with her daughters, are bitter “secesh.” But

While we were at rest, word was brought that we found corn and hay in abundance, and that there was a force of rebels in camp down Crab was what our horses needed, so we used it. Bottom, so we started expecting to surprise The morning of the seventeenth we started for them, but when we arrived, we found the Ring-New-Creek, where we arrived in the afternoon, gold cavalry and a force of infantry under Colo- and where our ears were gladdened by the music nel Thoburn of the First Virginia, and they, like of the steam-whistles on the locomotives of the us, had suspected that there was a rebel force in Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. the Gap, and if we had been rebels we would It is refreshing to hear the sounds, to see have had a warm time if we had attacked them, sights, and witness the customs of civilization, for they were wide awake and drawn up in line in contrast to the semi-barbarism of Dixie that ready to receive us. We went into camp on the we have been conversant with during our camsouth side of Franklin road.

paigns. November twelfth, resumed the march, and The results of the expedition are that we have our advance broke up a party of guerrillas who inflicted a blow upon the rebellion in West-Virwere getting ready to bushwhack Thoburn at ginia, such as it has not received before since Crab Bottom. We destroyed four hundred gal- the war begun. We have made glad the hearts lons of apple brandy at one distillery, and a bar- of the Union men, who are suffering under a rel at another. We came to the saltpetre works despotism worse than that inflicted in the slavethat we had destroyed in August, and that the pens of Africa. We have liberated a number rebels had begun to repair ; this we again de- of refugees who will find their way inside of our stroyed, and a contraband told us of another up lines. We have thoroughly scouted the mouna ravine; this was also destroyed, and a guer- tains and valleys, scattered and frightened the rilla party put to flight. This was a fine warm small bands of guerrillas, destroyed all the winday, and in the clear water of the stream we no- ter-quarters that the rebels had expected to octiced fine large trout basking in the sunshine.cupy the coming winter ; know the roads, and We passed through Franklin, and camped on a the places that they have made their haunts;


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have become acquainted with valuable facts, of The battle was joined about eleven o'clock by which we were before ignorant.

our artillery firing at the enemy's battery as it And in addition to the terrible punishment came into position. This was soon ended, as he that was inflicted on the rebels at Droop Moun- was driven away by our well-directed shots. tatn, we captured two hundred horses, three The enemy now massed his whole force on our hundred cattle, five hundred sheep, brought out left and centre, consisting of about four thousand to freedom a number of contrabands, some of cavalry under Averill, and three thousand inthem waiters at the Springs, we have created a fantry under Kelley. To oppose this force, we wholesome dread of “Averill and his Yankees,” | had eleven hundred, of which eight hundred and caused the country to rejoice over our bril- were cavalry. For four hours we contender liant success.

against these overwhelming odds. The enemy, General Averill has proved himself to be an moving his forces beyond our left, wheeled his earnest, energetic, and skilful general.

men, and thus obtained an enfila ling fire. Although we were in the saddle seventeen Just at this time, our centre, which had been days, travelled three hundred miles, and suffered much weakened to reěnforce the left, was atfrom the exposure of the cold winds of the tacked by a largely superior force and pressed mountains, yet I have not heard a word of com- back. General Echols, seeing it was useless to plaint, nor was there a single case of sickness contend longer, gave orders to retreat.

The enthat occurred during the march that I heard of, emy, badly cut up, made only a feeble pursuit. and our horses, on the average, are in better con- Our loss was necessarily very heavy, especially dition than when we left Beverly. IRWIN. in killed and wounded. Major R. A. Bailey, of

the Twenty-second Virginia regiment, was wound

ded (reported mortally) and captured. Of ten RICHMOND, November 14, 1963.

officers in three companies of this same regiment A correspondent, to whom we hope to be sim- that fought on our left, but two escaped unhurt. ilarly indebted again, has furnished us with the

The Twenty-third battalion suffered sererely, clearest and most satisfactory particulars of the but as reports have not been handed in, no acfight in Green Brier we have yet seen :

curate information can yet be obtained. The line defended by the Ariny of Western

The retreat had continued but a short time, Virginia extended from Pocahontas County to when General Echols received information that the Tennessee line. Colonel William L. Jackson, the Yankees, several thousand strong, were with a small force of cavalry and a section of marching on Lewisburgh, by the Kanawha road, artillery, occupied the extreme right at or beyond to cut him oif. It was now all-important to get Mill Point, in Pocahontas County—a point about our teams and artillery by Lewisburgh and forty miles from Lewisburgh, where was station- across the Green Brier River, before the new ed the First brigade, commanded by Brigadier- force could come up. This was done, and the General Echols, and Chapman's battery, with enemy bailled, with the loss of one wagon and two regiments of Jackson's cavalry brigade and one piece of artillery, which was abandoned betwo pieces of Jackson's battery.

cause the carriage broke down. General Echols On the night of the fourth instant, General crossed the river early on the morning of the Echols received a despatch from Colonel Johnson, seventh instant, and after restinz a few hours stating that the enemy was advancing in force. continued the march toward Union, Monroe It was determined to reënforce him at once, and County. the First brigade, with Chapman's battery, with The Yankees, no doubt, supposed we would one regiment of cavalry, (the Fourteenth Vir- be easily caught, but after marching fourteen ginia,) and the two pieces of Jackson's battery, miles, and fighting four times his own number started at once for that purpose. The Sixteenth for several hours, he retreated, bringing off his Virginia cavalry was left to scout and guard the trains and artillery. roads leading from the Kanawha Valley. The Men and horses are, of course, very much excommand reached a point about fourteen miles hausted, but in a few days all will be again ready from Lewisburgh, on the fifth instant. There it to meet the enemy. was learned that Colonel Jackson had retired

No troops ever displayed more endurance and before the superior force of the enemy, and held courage. The long list of killed and wounded a position on the top of Droop Mountain, twen- will attest how desperately they fought, and the ty-eight miles from Lewisburgh.

failure of the enemy to follow thein closely, how Early on the morning of the sixth the march terribly he suffered. was resumed, and Colonel Jackson's position reached about ten A.M. The enemy were making preparations for the attack. The country

Doc. 10. was so densely covered with forests that it was impossible to ascertain the force of the enemy. FIGIITS ON THE RAPPAHANVOCK.

Our position in many respects was a very strong one, but, as the enemy could easily get in

IN THE FIELD, November 9. our rear by taking a road on our right flank, it After the fight at Bristoe we followed on was necessary to detach the Twenty-sixth bat- Lee's retreating army pretty briskly, but soon talion to blockade it.

found they had too rapidly fallen back, and had



thrown too many obstacles in our way for us to the First and Twentieth Indiana, the Third overtake them. The troops were then encamped and Fish Michigan, and the One Hunólreil in a kind of semi-circle, extending from Warren- and Tenth Pennsylvania, but the brunt of the ton via Auburn, to the line of railway near Cat- fight fell on the Sharp-shooters. We captured) lett's Station. On the evening of the ninth in- Colonel Cleason, of the Twelfth Virginia, who stant, a General Order indicating the line of forts was in command; one surgeon, one major, two was issued to the corps commanders, and early captains, several lieutenants, and nearly five hunon the morning of the seventh-Saturday—the dred privates. They inostly belonged to the troops fell back into column in the following or- Twelfth Virginia, Thirteenth North-Carolina, arin der: the Sixth corps moved from Warrenton to Ninth Alabama, and were skirmishers selected Rappahannock Station; the Second, Third, and from Ewell's corps. We lost in killed and woundFifth corps marched by Warrenton Junction ed about thirty-live; the enemy I should think along the line of railroad by way of Bealton, the same. As Captain Maynard, Commissary of where the First corps brought up our extreme Subsistence, was giving a drink to a wounded left. I should have stated that our cavalry was rebel, he was hit by a stray ball, and died next out some days on a reconnoissance, and had as- morning. certained that the enemy occupied the forts at This and the fight at Rappahannock Station Rappahannock Station, and were also in force to must have a disheartening and demoralizing ofthe south of Kelly's Ford. From Bealton the fect on the enemy. One thing is certain : they Fifth corps continued in direct line of march to did not fight with their accustomed desperate form a junction with the Sixth, while the Second bravery, and numbers of them openly expressed and Third deployed for Kelly's Ford.

their joy at being captured. Some of the officers even stated that the “rascals did not fight, and

only wanted the opportunity of deserting us." The Third corps was in the adyance, and as This tells enough for the war feeling of the South. they neared the ford, they threw out strong lines It was also certain that Lee was outmanoeuvred of skirmishers and sharp-shooters. General Bir- this time, for they were taken by suprise, both at ney, who was in command of the corps, advanced Kelleyville and at Rappahannock Station. two batteries and placed Randolph on the right, Just before we attacked the forts on the north near Mount Holly Church, and the Tenth Massa- side of the river, General Lee was over with Colchusetts battery on the left. Though the enemy onel Godwin, who was in command, and gave shelled us all the time while our batteries were him his instructions. He had the pleasure of getting into position, still we suffered very little. seeing from the other side his troops captured, Our position now was a strong one. A range of without the possibility of assisting thein. high hills rises abruptly along the north side of the river, their wooded crest, and the little brick church peeping out of the foliage giving them a The Rappahannock Station is protected by serpicturesque appearance. At their base runs the eral strong forts. On the north side is a strong Rappahannock, while a little way up on the south fort, two redoubts, and several rifle-pits. These side of the river are the mill and extensive con- were protected by a force of nearly two thousand cerns of Mr. Kelly, whose son is now enjoying men, and a battery of guns, in command of Col. free quarters in the Old Capitol.

onel Godwin, of the Fifty-fourth North-Carolina. Our battery now occupied a sweeping range They were part of Ewell's corps, Early's diviof the extensive plateau on the south side. Un- sion. It was about three o'clock when the head der shelter of the guns, which were vomiting of the column neared the station. A heavy line forth shot and shell on them and forcing them of skirmishers and sharp-shooters was thrown out back from the river, the working parties advanc- to cover the advance of our batteries. There is ed to lay the pontoons. The First division, com- a commanding position to the rear of the forts, manded by General Ward, was now massed, and and here Martin's and the First reserve artillery the Third brigade ordered to lead the attack. of heavy guns got into position and opened on They were commanded by Colonel de Trobriand, the foe. Just before dark the storming parties-. native of Britanny, France, who has displayed the Russell's and Upton's brigades, led by General chivalrous daring of his race. The pontoons Russell in person-were formed.

The Fifth were now laid, the enemy's guns were silenced, corps were now advancing on the centre, and and the attacking party rapidly advanced across threw out the Fifth division in support of the the bridge. The First United States Sharp-shoot- Sixth corps, and in order to take up a position ers, known as Berdan's Sharp-shooters, led by lower down the river, so as to cover the advance Lieutenant-Colonel Trappe, were in front. Hav- and cut off the enemy's retreat that way. ing gained the opposite bank, the Sharp-shooters, The batteries now opened fiercely and despearmed with Sharpe's rifles, deployed and charged rately on one another. Shot and shell flew like the enemy's rifle-pits, and after a brisk fire of hail across the river, sweeping through the forts musketry, the enemy, finding themselves sur- on both sides. The storming party, comprising rounded on all sides, threw down their arms and the Sixth Maine, the Fifth Wisconsin, and the surrendered.

Fourteenth New-York, now rushed on the forts, Our regiments engaged were the First United while a strong party took possession of the pon. States Sharp-shooters, the Fortieth New-York, toon, thus cutting off the enemy's retreat and their

Vol. VIII.- Doc. 11


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