Page images

purity. Begin with the youth of our land. in open council, for the purpose of instrucInstil into their minds the lessons of our tion; that you do hereby solemnly declare country's history—the glorious battles and your devotion to the Union of these States; the brilliant deeds of patriotism of our that in the discharge of your duties as fathers, through which we received the in- American citizens, you will uphold, mainestimable blessings of civil and religious tain, and defend it; that you will discourliberty. Point them to the example of the age and discountenance any and every atsages and the statesmen who founded our tempt, coming from any and every quarter, government. Implant in their bosoms an which you believe to be designed or calcuardent love for the Union. Above all else, lated to destroy or subvert it, or to weaken keep alive in their bosoms the memory, its bonds; and that you will use your influ. the maxims, and the deathless example of ence, so far as in your power, in endeavorour illustrious WASHINGTON.

ing to procure an amicable and equitable Brothers, recalling to your minds the adjustment of all political discontents or solemn obligations which you have sever- differences which may threaten its injury ally taken in this and the first degree, I or overthrow. You further promise and now pronounce you entitled to all the swear (or affirm) that you will not vote for privileges of membership in this the second any one to fill any office of honor, profit or degree of our order.

trust of a political character, whom you

know or believe to be in favor of a dissoTHIRD DEGREE COUNCIL.

lution of the Union of these States, or who

is ('ndeavoring to produce that result; that Marshal.--Worthy President, these bro- you will vote for and support for all politthers having been duly elected to the third ical offices, third or union degree members degree of this order, I present them before of this order in preference to all others; that you for obligation.

if it may be done consistently with the President.--Brothers, you will place constitution and laws of the land, you will, yourselves in a circle around me, each one when elected or appointed to any official crossing your arms upon your breasts, and station which may confer on you the power grasping firmly each other's hands, hold- to do so, remove from office or place all ing the right hand of the brother on the persons whom you know or believe to be in right and the left hand of the brother on favor of a dissolution of the Union, or who the left, so as to form a circle, symbolical are endeavoring to produce that result; and of the links of an unbroken chain, and of that you will in no case appoint such pera ring which has no end.

son to any political office or place whatever. Note. This degree is to be conferred All this you promise and swear (or affirm with the national flag elevated in the cen- upon your honor as Aunerican citizens and tre of the circle, by the side of the presi- friends of the American Union, to sustain dent or instructor, and not on less than five and abide by without any hesitation or at any one time, in order to give it solem- mental reservation whatever. You also nity, and also for the formation of the cir- promise and swear (or affirm] that this and cle except in the first instance of confer- all other obligations which you have prering it on the officers of the state and sub- viously taken in this order, shall ever be ordinate councils, that they may be em- kept sacred and inviolate. To all this you powered to progress with the work. pledge your lives, your fortunes, and your

The obligation and charge in this de- sacred honors. So help you God and keep gree may be given by the president or in- you steadfast. structor, as the president may prefer. Each one shall answer, “I do.”)

President.--Brother Marshal, you will now present the brothers to the instructor

for final instruction in this third degree of You, and each of you, of your own free the order. will and accord, in the presence of Almighty God and these witnesses, with your worthy president, I present these brothers

Marshal.-Instructor, by direction of our hands joined in token of that fraternal af- before you that you may instruct them in fection which should ever bind together the secrets and mysteries of this the third the States of this Union-forming a ring, degree of our order. in token of your determination that, so far Instructor:-Brothers, in this degree as as your efforts can avail, this Union shall in the second, we have an entering passhave no end-do solemnly and sincerely word, a degree password, and a token of swear (or affirm) that you will not under salutation. At the outer door (make any any circumstances disclose in any manner, ordinary alarm. The outside sentinel will nor suffer it to be done by others if in your say U; you say ni; the sentinel will repower to prevent it, the name, signs, pass- join on). This will admit you to the inner words, or other secrets of this degree, ex-door. At the inner door you will make cept to those to whom you may prove on (three) distinct (raps). Then announce tried to be brothers of the same degree, or your name, with the number (or nam





and location of the council to which you organization modeled after that of the Conbelong, giving the explanation to the pass-stitution of the United States, and coexword, which is (sade). If found correct, tensive with the confederacy.' Its object you will then be admitted, when you will and principles, in all matters of national proceed to the centre of the room, and concern, to be uniform and identical whilat placing the (hands on the breast with the in all local matters the component parts fingers interlockrel), give the token of salu- shall remain independent and sovereign tation, which i- (by burring to the president). within their respective limits. You will tlien quietly take your seat. The great result to be attained the only

The sign of recognition is made by the one which can secure a perfect guarantee sane actiun ia in the second degree, with as to our future is UNION; permanent, the addition of the third finger), and the enduring, fraternal UNION! Allow me, then response is made by (a similar action with to impress upon your minds and memories the last hund.)

the touching sentiments of the Father of (The grip is riven by taking hold of the his Country, in his Farewell Address: hund in the usunil way, and then by slipping “The unity of government which constithe singer arounil on thr top of the thumli, tutes you one people," says Washington, then extending the little singer and pressing" is justly dear to you, for it is the main the inxiile of the wrist. The person chal- pillar in the edifice of your real independlenging shull vity, do you knoir uchut that is ? ence, the support of your tranquillity at The answer is yes. The challenging party home, of your peace abroad, of your safety, eball say, further what is it? The answer your prosperity-even that liberty you so is, Union

justly prize. The instructor will here give the grip of

It is of infinite moment that this degree, with explanations, and also the vou should properly estimate the immense true pas-word of this degree, which is value of your National l'nion, to your col(Union.))

lective and individual happiness. You should cherish a cordial, habitual, and im

movable attachment to it; accustoming To be given by the president.

yourselves to think and speak of it, as the Brothers, it is with great pleasure that I palladium of your political safety and proscongratulate you upon your advancement perity; watching for its preservation with to the third degree of our order. The re- jealous anxiety; discountenancing whatspon-ibilities you have now assumed, are ever may suggest even a suspicion that it more serious and weighty than those which can in any event be abandoned; and inpreveiled, and are committed to such only dignantly frowning upon the dawning of as have been tried and found worthy. Our every attempt to alienate any portion of oblivations are intended as solemn avowals our country from the rest, or to enfeeble of sur duty to the land that gave us birth; the sacred ties which now bind together to the memories of our fathers; and to the the various parts." happiness and welfare of our children. Let these words of paternal advice and Consecrating to your country a spirit un-warning, from the greatest man that ever selfish and a fidelity like that which dis- lived, sink deep into your hearts. Cherish tinguished the patriots of the Revolution, them, and teach your children to reverence you have pledged your aid in cementing them, as you cherish and reverence the the honds of a Union which we trust will memory of Washington himself. The endure for ever. Your deportment since Union of these states is the great conservayour initiation has attested your devotion tor of that liberty so dear to the American to the principles we desire to establish, and heart. Without it, our greatness as a nahas inspired a confidence in your patriot- tion would disappear, and our boasted selfism, of which we can give no higher proof government prove a signal failure. The than your reception here.

very name of liberty, and the hopes of The dangers which threaten American struggling freedom throughout the world, liberty arise from foes without and from must perish in the wreck of this Union. enemies within. The first degree pointed Devote yourselves, then, to its maintenance, out the source and nature of our most im- as our fathers did to the cause of independminent peril, and indicated the first mea- ence; consecrating to its support, as you sure of safety. The second degree defined have sworn to do, your lives, your fortunes, the next means by which, in coming time, and your sacred honors. such assaults may be rendered harmless. Brothers : Recalling to your minds the The third degree, which you have just re- solemn obligations which you have severceived, not only reiterates the lessons of ally taken in this and the preceding degrees, the other two, but it is intended to avoid I now pronounce you entitled to all the and provide for a more remote, but no less privileges of membership in this organizaterrible danger, from domestic enemies to tion, and take pleasure in informing you our free institutions.

that you are now members of the order of Our object is briefly this :--to perfect an (the American Union.)

cratic Nominations of 1856.

American, Whig, Republican and Demo- that the spirit of our institutions, as well

as the Constitution of our country, guar

anties liberty of conscience and equality of The American convention met the next day after the session of the National Coun- rights among citizens, we oppose all legis

lation impairing their security cil of the Order, on the 22d February, 1856. It was composed of 227 delegates; Cincinnati, in May 1856, and nominated

The Democratic Convention, met at all the States being represented except James Buchanan for President, and John Maine, Vermont, Georgia and South Car- & Breckenridge for Vice-President. It olina. Hon. Millard Fillmore was nominated for President, and Andrew J. Don- adopted a platform which contained the

material portions of all its previous platelson for Vice-President.

The Whig Convention met at Baltimore, forms, and also defined its position on the September, 17, 1856, and endorsed the new issues of the day, and declared (1) that nominations made by the American par: the actual necessary expenses of the

the revenue to be raised should not exceed

govty, and in its platform declared that ernment, and for the gradual extinction of ** without adopting or referring to the pe- the public debt; (2) that the Constitution culiar doctrines of the party which has already selected Mr. Fillmore as a candi- does not confer upon the general govern

ment the power to commence and carry on date" Resolved, that in the

a general system of internal improvements; present exigency of political affairs, we are not called upon to discuss the subordi- (3) for a strict construction of the powers nate questions of the administration in the granted by the Constitution to the federal exercising of the constitutional powers of government; (4) that Congress has no the government. It is enough to know power to charter a national bank; (5) that that civil war is raging, and that the Congress has no power to interfere with Union is in peril; and proclaim the con

slavery in the States and Territories; the viction that the restoration of Mr. Fill people of which have the exclusive right

and more to the Presidency will furnish the best

power to settle that question for themif not the only means of restoring peace.” selves

. (6) Opposition to native American

ism. The first National Convention of the

At the election which followed, in Nonew Republican party met at Philadelphia, vember, 1856, the Democratic candidates June 18, 1856, and nominated John c. were elected, though by a popular minority Fremont for President, and William L. vote, having received 1,838,160 popular Dayton for Vice-President. Since the

votes, and 174 electoral votes, against previous Presidential election, a new party 2,215,768 popular votes, and 122 electoral consisting of the disaffected former adhe- votes for John C. Fremont, the Republican rents of the other parties--Native and In- candidate, and Mr. Fillmore, the Whig and dependent Democrats, Abolitionists, and American candidate. Whigs opposed to slavery-had sprung The into existence, and was called by its adhe- who was the nominee on both the Whig

aggregate vote cast for Mr. Fillmore, rents and friends, the Republican party. and American tickets, was 874,534, and

This convention of delegates assembled his electoral vote was eight; that of the in pursuance of a call addressed to the State of Maryland. This was the last napeople of the United States, without regard tional election at which the Whigs apto past political differences or divisions, peared as a party, under that name; they who were opposed to the repeal of the having joined with the American and with Missouri Compromise. To the policy of the Republican parties, and finally united President Pierce's administration: To the with the latter after the downfall and exextension of slavery into free territory: In tinction of the former. In the State elecfavor of the admission of Kansas as a free tions of that year, (1856) the American State: Of restoring the action of the fed- party carried Rhode Island and Maryland;

government to the principles of Wash- and in the 35th Congress, which met in ington and Jefferson.

December, 1857, the party had 15 to 20 It adopted a platform, consisting of a set Representatives and five Senators. When of resolutions, the principal one of which the 36th Congress met, in 1859, it had be

“That we deny the authority of come almost a border State or Southern Congress, of a territorial legislature, of any party, having two Senators; one from individual, or association of individuals, Kentucky and one from Maryland; and to give legal existence to slavery in any 23 Representatives, five from Kentucky, territory of the United States, while the seven from Tennessee, three from Marypresent Constitution shall be maintained." land, one from Virginia, four from North And closed with a resolution: “That we Carolina, two from Georgia, and one from invite the approbation and co-operation of Louisiana. The American party had none the men of all parties, however different of the elements of persistence. It made from us in other respects, in support of the another desperate effort, however, in the principles herein declared ; and believing next Presidential campaign, but having



than a

failed to carry the South, disappeared one half of the whole

population of the counfinally from politics.

try; given to their Presidential candidate The new Republican party polled a very nearly three times as many electoral votes large vote-1,341,234 out of a total vote of as were cast by the Whig party in 1852; and 4,033,928—and its candidates received 114 this day control the governments of fourteen votes out of 286, in the electoral college; of the most powerful States of the Union. having secured majorities in all the free “Well may our adversaries tremble in Stares, except Ilinois, Indiana, Pennsyl- the hour of their victory "The Demovania, New Jersey and California.

cratic and Black Republican parties,' they The successful candidate, Mr. James say, 'are nearly balanced in regard to Buchanan, was duly inaugurated as Presi. power. The former was victorious in the dint of the United States, and entered recent struggle, but success was hardly won, upon the discharge of his duties as such, with the aid of important accidental adMiarch 4, 18.57

vantages. The latter has abated nothing After the election of November, 1876, of its zeal, and has suffered no pause in its the Republican Association of Washington preparations for another battle. is u an iddress to the people, in which “With such numerical force, such zeal, the results of the election were examined, intelligence, and harmony in counsel; with and the future policy of the party statel. -o many great States, and more It is an interesting paper, as laying the million voters rallied to their standard by foundation of the campaign of 1800, which the efforts of a few months, why may not followed, and is here given in full: the Republicans confidently expect a vic

tory in the next contest?

The necessity for their organization still

exists in all its force. Mr. Buchanan has * Republican Association of Washington. always proved true to the demands of his Address to the Republicans rij the l'nited States.

party. He fully accepted the Cincinnati

platform, and pledged himself to its policy “WASHINGTON, Vov. 27, 1856.

--a policy of filibustering abroad, propa · The Presidential contest is over, and at gandism at home. Prominent and controllliast we have some materials to enable us ing among his supporters are men comto form a juilyment of the results.

mitted, by word and deed, to that policy; “Seldom have two parties emerged from and what is there in his character, his an& conflict with less of joy in the victors, tecedents, the nature of his northern supmore of hope in the vanquished. The port, to authorize the expectation that he pro-slavery party ha- elected its Presiden- will disregard their will? Nothing will be tial candidate, only, however, by the votes so likely to restrain him and counteract of a minority, and that of such a character their extreme measures, as a vigorous and &- to stamp the victory as the offspring of growing Republican organization, as nothsectionalism and temporary causes. The ing would be more necessary to save the Republicans, wherever able to present cause of freedom and the Union, should he, clearly to the public the real issue of the as we have every reason to believe, concanvass-slavery restriction or slavery ex- tinue the pro-slavery policy of the present Itension-have carried the people with them incumbent. Let us beware of folding our by unprecedented majorities; almost break- arms, and waiting to see what he will do. ing up in some States the organization of We know the ambition, the necessities, the their adversaries. A sudden gathering to- schemes of the slave power. Its policy of gether of the people, alarmed at the in- extension and aggrandizement and univerroads of the slave power, rather than a sal empire, is the law of its being, not an well organized party, with but a few accident-is settled, not fluctuating. Covert months to attend to the complicated de- or open, moderate or extreme, according to tails of party warfare; obstructed by a se- circumstances, it never changes in spirit cret Order, which had pre-occupied the aim. With Mr. Buchanan, the elect of a field, and obtained a strong hold of the party controlled by this policy, administernational and religious prejudices of the ing the government, the safety of the masses; opposed to an old party, com-country and of free institutions must rest in mencing the canvass with the united sup- the organization of the Republican party port of a powerful section, hardened by What, then, is the duty before us ? long party drill

, accustomed to victory, Organization, vigilance, action; action on wielding the whole power of the federal the rostrum, through the press, at the baladministration-a party which only four lot-box; in state, county, city, and town years ago carried all but four of the States, elections; everywhere, at all times; in every and a majority of the popular vote-still

, election, making Republicanism, or loyalunder all these adverse circumstances, they ty to the policy and principles it advocates, have triumphed in eleven, if not twelve of the sole political test. No primary, or the free States, pre-eminent for enterprise municipal election should be suffered to and general intelligence, and containing go by default. The party that would suc

ceed nationally must triumph in states, time and means to consolidate its strength triumph in the state elections, must be and mature its plans, which comprehend prepared by municipal success.

not only the enslavement of Kansas, and Next to the remaining power in the the recognition of slavery in all territory of states already under their control, let the the United States, but the conversion of Republicans devote themselves to the the lower half of California into il slave work of disseininating their principles, State, the organization of a new slavery and initiating the true course of political territory in the Gadsden purchase, the fuaction in the states which have decided the ture annexation of Nicaragua and subjuelection against them. This time we have gation of Central America, and the acquifailed, for reasons nearly all of which may be sition of Cuba; and, as the free States are removed by proper effort. Many thousand not expected to submit to all this, ultimate honest, but not well-informed voters, who dismemberment of the Union, and the forsupported Mr. Buchanan under the delu- mation of a great slaveholding confedersive impression that he would favor the acy, with foreign alliances with Brazil and cause of free Kansas will soon learn their Russia. It may assume at first a moderato mistake, and be anxious to correct it. The tone, to prevent the sudden alienation of its timid policy of the Republicans in New Northern allies; it may delay the developJersey, Pennsylvania, and Indiana, in post-ment of its plot, is it did under the Pierce poning their independent action, and tem- administration, but the repeal of the Misporizing with a party got up for purposes souri compromise came at last, and so will not harmonizing with their own, and the come upon the country inevitably the final conduct of Mr. Fillmore's friends in either acts of the dark conspiracy When that voting for Mr. Buchanan, or dividing the hour shall come, then will the honest Demopposition by a separate ticket, can hardly ocrats of the free States be driven into our be repeated again. The true course of the ranks, and the men of the slave States who Republicans is to organize promptly, bold- | prefer the republic of Washington, Adams ly, and honestly upon their own principles, and Jefferson--a republic of law, order so clearly set forth in the Philadelphia and liberty—to an oligarchy of slaveholdplatform, and, avoiding coalitions with ers and slavery propagandists, governed by other parties, appeal directly to the masses Wise, Atchison, Soulé, and Walker, founded of all parties to ignore all organizations in fraud and violence and seeking aggranand issues which would divert the public dizement by the spoliation of nations, will mind from the one danger that now threat- bid God speed to the labors of the Repubens the honor and interests of the country, lican party to preserve liberty and the and the subtlety of the Union-slavery Union, one and inseparable, perpetual and propagandism allied with disunionism. all powerful.

Let us not forget that it is not the want Washington, D. C., Nov 27, 1856. of

generous sentiment, but of sufficient information, that prevents the American people from being united in action against the aggressive policy of the slave power. Were these simple questions submitted to-day to It was the removal of the interdiction the people of the United States :- Are you against slavery, in all the territory north in favor of the extension of slavery? Are of 36° 30, by the repeal of the Missouri you in favor of such extension by the aid Compromise which gave legality to the or connivance of the federal government? struggle for Kansas, and it was the dooAnd could they be permitted to record their trine of popular sovereignty which gave votes in response, without embarrassment, an impartial invitation to both sides to enwithout constraint of any kind, nineteen- ter the struggle. The aggressive men of twentieths of the people of the free States, both parties hurried emigrants to the Terand perhaps more than half of the people ritory. Each accused the other of organof the slave States, would return a decided ized efforts, and soon in the height of the negative to both.

excitement these charges were rather conLet us have faith in the people. Let us fessed than denied. believe, that at heart they are hostile to A new question was soon evolved by the the extension of slavery, desirous that struggle, for some who entered from the the territories of the Union be consecrated South took their slaves with them. The to free labor and free institutions; and that Free State men now contended that slathey require only enlightenment as to the very was a local institution and confined most effectual means of securing this end, to the States where it existed, and that it to convert their cherished sentiment into a an emigrant passed into the territory with fixed principle of action.

his slaves these became free. The SouthThe times are pregnant with warning. ern view was, that slaves were recognized That a disunion party exists in the South, as property by the National Constitution; no longer admits of a doubt. It accepts that therefore their masters had a right to the election of Mr. Buchanan as affording take them there and hold them under con


The Kansas Struggle.

« PreviousContinue »