« PreviousContinue »
General's horses, with those of his aids, stood sad- | soon cleared the path. Passing on, the way dled in the yard, with baskets of provisions slung led by an open wood, at the end of which rose across the saddles. Regiments were blockad- what appeared to be a high square bank, on top ing the roads—inoving outwards without knap- of which we could see two or three horsemen sacks or baggage. Capt. Gritiin's West Point riding backward and forward. A little further battery stopped our carriage for half an hour. onward trees had been again felled across the All these things, with sundry others which it | road. Skirmishers were thrown out on either is not necessary to mention, coupled with hints side, and the column moved on slowly, stopping and wise nods I had received from those whose now and then to feel its way, and being espeposition forbid them from doing more, satisfied cially on its guard against surprises. Half a me that the advance of the great army was mile further we came to another blockade of close at hand. I made up my mind, indeed, trées, one of which had been very ingeniously that the great body of our troops would encamp turned exactly bottom upwards, so as to comfor the night at about eight miles from the Po- pletely block the passage. The axemen soon tomac-and that in the morning the first thing took away the fence, cut down trees that were they would do would be to pay their respects to in the way, and made a side road through the the rebels at Fairfax Court House.
adjoining field. We soon rose to the top of the I made all needful preparations, hired a con- hill, which proved to be what, in the distance, veyance by the day for an indefinite period, wo had mistaken for an embankment. The packed it with such edibles as our hosts of the house of Maj. Iloward, who had gone with the National and “Leo's" better lialf could com- confederate army, stood there, and the negroes fortably provide, and at 4 o'clock this morning left there told us the secession scouts liad been took my departure for tho sacred soil of Vir- there not half an hour before. The colnmn ginia. We crossed the Long Bridge in the stopped ten or fifteen minutes and then pushed gray of the morning, and pushed on for some on, coming, in half an hour, to a long embankeight miles without meeting any further evi- ment thrown across the road and the adjo ning dence of an army than a body of New Jersey- fields, with embrasures for cannon, and the huts men left to guard the railroad and telegraph of a camp in the rear, which had been aban. where they are crossed by tlio turnpike. Soon doned with so much haste by the rebels only after we came to a point where the road puzzled two hours before, that they left great quantities us by dividing; and wo were fain to inquire of a of meat, rice, clothes, blankets, &c., as spoils for small boy standing at the gate of a neighboring our troops, who followed so close upon their house which of the two would lead us to Fair- í heels. The works were extensive but not fax. Ile told us both—but said the right hand strong, and it was not very clear that any canone came first into the main turnpike, but that non had ever been mounted upon them. The the troops had taken the other. We took the embrasures were lined by sand-bags, each right, and after driving about a mile saw at our marked " The Confederate States," one of which left, half a mile off, glittering among the trees | inscriptions I cut out for a trophy. Our men the bright bayonets of our long line of troops, - raised the Star-Spangled Banner on the ramwhile the artillery was just crossing the road parts, and greeted it with three hearty cheers. by which we were approaching. We pushed Just thien wo caught sight, at some three miles our carriage into the front, and very soon over- distant, of the long line of Col. Tyler's column, took Gen. McDowell and his staff, Najor Wads- marching along the upper road, with its whiteworth and Major Brown, accompanied by Capt. topped baggage wagons in the rear, and the Whipple of the Topographical Engineers. We glorious Stars and Stripes flying in the van. learned that this was one of four columns on Our column advanced rapidly, and in twenty their march under orders to converge at Fair- minutes, at a quarter before twelve, raised the fax Court Ilouse. It consisted of about 6,000 national flag on the Fairfax Court House, a men, and was led by the Second Rhode Island small brick building on the left of the street. regiment, under Gov. Sprague. The right The place was entirely deserted by the rebel column, which had taken the upper road, and troops, and, indeed, by the whole male populaunder Col. Tyler was to enter Fairfax from the tion. The rebel quartermaster's office had direction of Germantown, consisted of about been abandoned in as much haste as the works 12,000. To the sonth of us wero Col. Miles we had passed, and great quantities of leiters, with 5,700, and Col. Ileintzelman with 10,000 papers, &c., were found strewn over the fivor
We had thus a force of about 35,000 and the adjacent ground. I picked up a letter advancing from this point towards Manassas from a mother to her son, begging him if possi. Junction. It is understood also that Gen. Pat- ble, to come and see them before he should be terson was to commence his advance towards ordered off, and inclosing a lock of her hair, Winchester yesterday, and to push Gen. John- neatly braided and tied with white ribbon. I ston, so as to prevent him from augmenting the shall take that as a memento to one who will forces in front of this wing of the army. appreciate and sympathize with the senti
At half past nine o'clock we came to a pointment which prompted the gift. We are told at which the road, bordered with trees on each here that the rebels intend to make a stand at side, had been obstructed by trees felled across Centreville, seven miles further on. This I do it. The axemen were ordered forward, and not believe. They have unquestionably fallen
back to Manassas Junction, and whether they | We mount it, and shout, and then proceed to make fight there or not, I consider a little cut the name from the sand-bags, “ Confederate doubtful, though the chances are that they States," as a trophy. Soon the glorious old will.
stars wave from it, with a cheer from the Gen. McDowell intends, I believe, to stop at tramping columns, that shook the trees. BeCentreville to-night, and puslı on to Manassas hind it was the camp of the enemy, apparently in the morning. The whole army will be with just deserted—a very fairly-constructed camp him, and it will sweep before it all the forces with drains systematically made. Every tent that may oppose its progress. The onward had had a little bower of leaves near it. Our movement has fairly commenced and it will not men rushed in with “ Hooray! took the Sestop this side of Richmond.
H. J. R. ceshers' camp!” and poked over the rubbish,
finding some meat and eggs and other little FROM ANOTIIER CORRESPONDENT.
matters, which showed that the enemy were FAIRFAX Court House, Wednesday-12 o'clock. not starving. One of the Rhode Islanders capIn company with some friends, we started tured a little raccoon, which he tried to store out at sunrise this morning to accompany the in his knapsack, but did not find an agreeable advance of the Grand Army into Virginia. It prisoner. "There seemed to have been some was understood that Patterson had commenced two or three regiments there, and as we learned a forward moven nt towards Winchester, and soon after from the negroes, they had only left that this was to be in combination with his. about two hours before. We stopped beyond, Our ride in the morning was through a beauti- and had a talk at an old farm-house with the ful wooded country, with gentle slopes, and in negro wonen. They said the people had all some places hills of considerable size. We run, and told then they would be murdered, avoided the marching columns and by a cross- but, as one old woman said, she thought sho road struck upon the line near the front. Here would stay, "for she might see tho salvation we left our carriage and marched along by the of the Lord!" In the next house, a white side of the troops. It was one of the most in- woman stood at the door very pale and weep: spiring sights I ever witnessed: the long line ing, as the column thundered by. She said of glittering bayonets marching up hill and she had a husband in the secession army. Soon down, as far as the eye could see, the cavalry, after, we passed a nice house abandoned. Our (a few companies of regulars,) and the rum- men had entered it, and were searching every bling artillery, with here and there a white- nook and corner. I looked over the books. They covered artillery wagon.
showed an intelligent family, with interest in The men were in fine spirits, and marched scientific and agricultural matters. One man along in the loose style of a regular march, but picked up a letter with the following passage : with quick step. We had some pleasant words - Give my love to Susey and to Aunt M., and with Col. Hunter, and Gen. McDowell
, and then tell John to shoot a Yankee for me ! ” At prewalked quickly to the front. On cither side, cisely 12 o'clock, the advance-guard of the the skirmishers spread out, the bayonets glis- Grand Army entered Fairfax Court House with tening through the corn-fields, the line advan- tremendous cheers, and a kind of a rush that cing very carefully, though occasionally noth- for a inoment looked as if they might go to ing could prevent the men stopping for the plundering. But there was nothing of the kind, delicious blackberries that filled the fields. except the searching for papers in the Town
Gen. McDowell informed us that he was Clerk's office, and some little pickings from the concentrating four columns at Fairfax Court deserted workshops. House-one on the right, under Gen. Tyler, Soon a man climbs up into the Court House of about 12,000 men, through Falls Village and hauls down the secession flag amid groans and Germantown; one on the left, of about and cheers, and up goes the bright Union ban5.700 under Miles, and the left wing, under ner. I am writing in the office of the tavern Heintzelınan, with about 6,000. Suddenly, as where the secession officers have left some of we were picking berries by the road-side, came their luggage, and the Rhode Island Second are the word “Halt!” An orderly rode up and marching by with wild cries, their battery in said, “ General, we are in a trap; trees are cut the van. They sleep and bivouac in the yards down in front of us; there seems to be a r.asked of the houses. The handsome figure and face battery beyond!” The General took it calmly, of Col. Burnside can be seen everywhere. Col. and ordered the skirmishers to advance, while Hunter, with his quiet, gentlemanly manner, we poor civilians were expecting every instant is directing the lines, and Gen. McDowell, with to hear the whistling of the balls over our heads. Maj. Brown and Maj. Wadsworth, are sitting As we approached the long line of earth work, their horses, and watching with their glasses we could see our skirmishers slowly approach the very dark lines on the hills about a mile it, while our pioneers were clearing out the to the south, which show that Gen. Tyler is trees cut down in the road. At length the approaching. Now the Rhode Island First goes bayonets can be seen shining on the mounds, by, and the New Hampshire Second, (a New and we breathe freer, and hurry on. It is a Hampshire pioneer comes in and boasts that line perhaps 50 rods' long, with embrasures, he was the first New Hampshire man on Virlinel with sand-bags, very poorly built, all say. I ginia soil.) A lady comes out of a house near,
VOL. II.-Doc. 27
and swings a Union flag, “the first,” she says, started a second messenger arrived, saying that .. she has dared to for months."
the enemy had broken, and was flying before Our landlady comes in and deplores, with our bayonets. This information was false. tears, that all her forks and spoons have been | The order to “break ranks” was then given, carried off! The regiinents now march by so after which Col. Woodruff, Col. De Villiers, quickly that we do not catch their names. They Lieutenant-Colonel Neff, and Captains Sloan will all concentrate at Centreville. All aro in and Hurd left the camp to see the retreat. fine spirits, and only fear that the seceshers They rode three miles beyond the camp, being will run too fast to be caught.
one mile beyond our pickets, and mistaking the Gen. McDowell seems to manage every thing enemy, who, it would seem, had been pursuing escellently. He is evidently a thorough gen- the retreating regiments, for our troops, they tleman and soldier. We are very sorry to hear trotted directly into the rebel lines and were that, through some mistake, the Garibaldians made prisoners. Our loss is variously stated, at the left have only five rounds of ammunition. but appears to be about a dozen killed and thirAll is quiet now,
and the men are eating their ty or forty wounded. lunch.
A CiviliAN. Dr. Thompson, an ex-member of Congress, at
-N. Y. Timcs. present claiming to stand neutral, was taken Doc. 99.
before Gen. Cox on the 18th, when he admitted
the rebel loss to be 05 killed and 150 wounded. BATTLE OF SCARYTOWN, VA. On the day after the battle, a flag of truce FOUGHT JULY 17.
brought Gen. Cox a letter from Col. Norton, of
the Twenty-first regiment, who was wounded A CORRESPONDENT of the Cincinnati Commer- in the fight and afterwards made a prisoner, cial gives the following account of this action : saying that liis wound was in the thigh; that
From various sources of intelligence we glean lie was doing well, and expected to be out of the following particulars of those army opera- bed in a couple of weeks. He also stated that tions in the Kanawha region, which eventuated the captured party were respectfully treated in the capture of several Kentucky officers on by their captors. The dead had been buried Wednesday last. It would seem that the va- before the Silver Lake started, and the woundrious detachments of Gen. Cox's brigade, which cd brought in. There is a discrepancy between have been cleaning ont” the country, had two of the accounts. The one is that Capt. concentrated at the mouth of the Pocotaligo Sloan is a prisoner, and the other that he is River, a small stream into which enters the wounded in the stomach and refuses to allow Kanawha about twenty miles below Charleston. the surgeons to extract the ball. There is also The brigade is divided into three parts, one of a difference in regard to the First Kentucky, which occupies the south or right bank of the Colonel Guthric's command, which is divided river, the other the left bank, while the remain- | into two sections: the one, commanded by Col. ing portion is on three boats, prepared to sup- Guthrie, was to march by the way of Ripley; port either side. On the 17th, Gen. Cox or the other, under Major Leiper, was with the dered the Twelfth Ohio, two companies of the main army-one account saying that it joined Twenty-first Ohio, together with the Cleveland Col. Cox on the evening of the 16th, the other Artillery and Capt. Rogers' cavalry company, saying that it was on Friday. As the enemy is from Ironton, Oliio, about 1,500 men, to cap- in force on the road Col. Guthrie was to have ture a rebel camp which was planted on a hill marched, some fears are expressed as to the about five miles above. Early in the morning safety of his regiment. But with all the inof that day, they marched out to do this work. formation we can gather, we are at present They found the rebels-report says numbering unable to form an opinion as to his probable 4,000 men--strongly intrenched with two rifleil safety. At the last accounts, the troops had not cannon, on a hill, having a deep valley at its removed from the mouth of the Pocatallico, base, in which was a wheat field. Outside of but were awaiting ammunition and cannon. their fortifications were a number of log-houses, It is worthy of remark that the balls received in which loop-holes had been cut; these were by the wounded generally entered the upper occupied by riflemen, supposed to number abont part of the body, and passed downward. This 300. As our troops were crossing the whent was caused by the elevated position of the enfield, they were raked with grape shot. The emy. Among the wounded is one for whom we Cleveland artillery immediately got their pieces can learn no other name, although he is frein position, and in half an hour silenced the quently spoken of in the letters that we have enemy's battery. The rifled cannon were then seen, than the endearing one of the Artillery brought so as to rake the log-houses, and con- Pet Boy. Although his wounds are exceedingtinued to deal death and slaughter among their ly painful, and necessarily mortal, he is repretenants, until the want of ammunition compelled sented as bearing them with the fortitude of an our forces to retreat.
old-time hero. His loss appears to cause a About half-past 2 o'clock a messenger great deal of sorrow among bis companions. brought the word to camp that the troops had Quarterinaster Gibbs occupied a prominent exhausted their ammunition, when Gen. Cox position in the fight, though we are unable to ordered out a reënforcement; bat before it I learn exactly what part he took in it.
-Cincinnati Commercial, July 22
CINCINNATI "GAZETTE" ACCOUNT. Cotton had no sooner taken position than two CAMP "Poco," KANAWIA River, Thurg.
balls wliistled over his head, cutting the twigs day night, July 18, 1861.
from the topmost branches of the trees. His I embrace the earliest opportunity to give men quickly unlimbered their pieces and went you the particulars of this ill-starred affair. to work, while he posted himself to their right
Information having been received at head- to watch the effect of his shot on the enemy's quarters that the rebels were preparing to make works. The first few rounds, like those of the å stand at Scaryville, eight or ten miles above rebels, were too high, but the captain kept on this point, where Scary Creek empties into the crying out, “ a little lower, boys," till the proper Kanawha, Gen. Cox ordered the Twelfth Ohio elevation was attained, when he played upon regiment, Col. Lowe, a portion of two compl- them rapidly, and in fifteen minutes silenced nies of the Twenty-First, the Cleveland Light their guns with the loss of only one man, pri. Artillery, Capt. Cotton, with two rifled six- vate John llaven of Scholersville, Putnam puunders, and a small cavalry company from County, a handsome, intelligent young man, as Irontoo, in all about one thousand men, under brave as a lion, and the pet of the company. the command of Col. Lowe, to proceed up the Poor fellow ! his right hip was shot away just river by land on a reconnoitring expedition. as he was passing a ball to his gun. When bis The instructions to the cominanding officer were, captain saw him fall, he ran and picked hiin that if he found the rebels in a position from up, and conveyed him in his own arms to a which they could be easily disloilged, to drive place of safety. “Never mind me, captain," them out; if not, to take a position and hold it he cried, “but don't let that flag go down!” till the main body of the army could advance. He still lingers, but can hardly survive the Col. Norton, of the Twenty-First, who had ex- night. plored the ground the day previous, accom- The infantry was now ordered to advance, and panied the party, but was only permitted to rapid volleys of musketry followed froin each take with him a fragment of his command. side, which could be distinctly heard at the
The army is encamped near the mouth of Po- carnp. The ten or twelve log huts composing cotaligo Creek, or "Poco," as it is generally the village of Scaryville were filled with rebel called, the advance thus far having been made infantry, the clinking having been removed so mainly by steamboats, four of which have been that the cracks could serve as loopholes. From ehartered by the Government for the transpor- these, every few moments, were seen to issue tation of troops and stores up and down the livid sheets of flame, followed by the rattle of Kanawha. On one of these the reconnoitring their rities, and whistling of their Minié balls. party, supplied with forty rounds of ammuni- As soon as Capt. Cotton observed to what use ting, embarked about 9 o'clock in the morning, the buildings liad been put, he turned his artiland were landed on the opposite bank of the lery upon them, litting one at almost every river, at a point a few hundred yards lower shot. The manner in which the logs, gurs, and down, where there is a road leading across the limbs of men were scattered about, as his percountry to Scaryville. The distance from the cussion shell would strike, must have been anycamp to the village is eight or ten miles by thing but encouraging to the rebels. river, but not more than four or five by land. The position whichi tho rebels had closen for
The column moved cautiously, the scouts their stand was a very good one, but no betthorong!ly scouring the country on both sides ter, perhaps, than a hundred others that might of the road as they udvanced. About 3 o'clock, lave been selected lower down. The hill was the party reached the vicinity of Scaryvilie, high and precipitons, and the country to their when the fragment of the Ironton cavalry left densely wooded, whilo that on their right, company, which had somehow fallen to the except for a few rods at the mouth of the rear, was ordered to advance. They had no creek, was open, thus giving them the advan3007er rounded the brow of the hill, which tage of corer, while our troops, in case they atradually slopes off to the creek, but' runs a tempted to advanco their right wing, would be bolder spur in the direction of the river, than fully exposed to the enemy's fire. As the amthey were met by a discharge from a battery munition of our boys was now getting low, an in the opposite shore of the sinaller strean, order was given to charge bayonets. The left which killed one of their men, and caused the wing, composed of the fragment of the Twencompany to retreat in great disorder.
ty-first and one or two companies of the Capt. Cotton's company of artillery, which Twelfth, led by Lieut.-Col. White, promptly fought like so many tigers, was at once ordered obeyed, and, rushing down the hill, forded the to alvance, and took position near the top of the stream, which was more than knee deep, and bi!!
, under a clump of trees. The principal for- rushed upon the enemy's intrenchments. Had tification of the enemy, a huge breastwork of the movement on the right been equally prompt, earth, was distinctly visible about half-way up the rebels would have been utterly routed; but, the opposite slope, and seemed to have been owing partly to the incompetency of their offiprepared with considerable skill. The distance cers, and partly to the fact that they were badfrom our battery was about five hundred yards. ly disciplined, they faltered, and soon after fled. The rebels had but two pieces of artillery, both the left could not hold their position alone, alriied six-pounders, the same as our own. 'Capt. I though they did all that could have been expected of veterans, and as they only had a few the troops under his command. Hardly had rounds of ammunition, they fell back on the we arrived at this place, when, to the horror of right bank of the stream.
every right-minded person, several houses were About this time, the rebels were reënforced broken open, and others were in flames, by the by a regiment, (said by a captured prisoner to act of some of those, who, it has been the boast have been Georgians,) who came up with a of the loyal, came here to protect the oppressed fresh piece of artillery and Minié muskets. and free the country from the domination of a Capt. Cotton again opened with his pieces, giv, hated party. The property of this people is at ing them as good as they sent. He only had the mercy of the troops who, we rightly say, six or eight rounds of ammunition, however, are the most intelligent, best-educated, and most which he disposed of in his happiest style, and law-abiding of any that were ever under arms. then retired behind the hill.
But do not therefore the acts of yesterday cast Prior to this, a courier had been despatched the deeper stain upon them? It has been claimto the General for assistance, who at once or- ed by some that their particular corps were not dered out the Twenty-first. The boys respond- engaged in these acts. This is of būt little moed promptly, but after crossing the river and ment; since the individuals are not found out, marching a mile, they met the party returning. we are all aliko disgraced. Commanders of They were not pursued by the rebels. All the regiments will select commissioned officer dead and a few of the wounded were left on as a provost-marshal, and ten men as a police the field, as they could not be gathered under force under him, whose special and sole duty the enemy's fire. Among the latter was Col. it shall be to preserve the property from depreNorton, who is said to have behaved with great dations, and to arrest all wrong-doers of whatbravery. He sustained a severe, though not ever regiment or corps they may be. Any persons dangerous flesh wound, and is now in the rebel found committing the slightest depredation, killcamp, where, we learn, he is doing well. ing pigs or poultry, or trespassing on the propAbout thirty of our wounded were brought in erty of the inhabitants, will be reported to head. by their comrades. The wounds are generally quarters, and the least that will be done to them slight. Lieut. Pomeroy and private Mercer, will be to send them to the Alexandria jail. both of the Twenty-first, and private Haven It is again ordered that no one shall arrest or of the Cleveland Artillery, are the only ones, I attempt to arrest any citizen not in arins at the think, who cannot recover. An official list of time, or search or attempt to search any house, the killed, wounded, and missing has been ren- or even to enter the same without permission. dered, which places our loss at 57, as follows: The troops must behave themselves with as killed, 9; wounded, 38; missing, 9. The loss much forbearance and propriety as if they of the enemy nuust have been fully equal to our were at their own homes. They are here to own.
fight the enemies of the country, not to judge The greatest misfortune of the day, however, and punish the unarmed and defenceless, how. was the loss of Col. Woodruff, Col. De Villiers, ever guilty they may be. When necessary, Lieut.-Col. Neff, and Captains Austin and that will be done by the proper person. Hurd. The Second Kentucky regiment, espe- By command of Gen. MCDOWELL, cially, is disconsolate at the loss of their gallant
Jas. B. Fry, Assistant Adjutant-General leader, whom they loved as a father. They would storm Gibraltar now to be with him.
Doc. 101. These officers, as I advised you by telegraph, passed our pickets to get a view of the fight, BROOME COUNTY (N. Y.) RESOLUTIONS. and have, doubtless, all been captured. They have been out twenty-four hours. The army
JULY 18, 1861. will probably remain at this point some days. Resolved, That the existing war is the attack Weather very warm.
of rebels upon the peerless Constitntion and the Friday MORNING, July 19.
liberties of the common country, and that they We have just learned that Cols. Woodruff, are to be regarded as the assassins of libertyDe Villiers, and the other missing officers, are enemies in war, in peace friends. all in the rebel camp, where they are comfort- Resolred, That the only method of settling the ably cared for.
present controversy is by maintaining the integ.
rity of the Government against the machinaDoc. 100.
tions of demagogues, or the insidious traps of GEN. MCDOWELL'S GENERAL ORDER
Resolved, That, in the present state of Amer.
ican affairs, compromise is treason to the Gov. HEADQUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF VA.,
ernment of both God and man; and the least to FAIRFAX Court House, July 18, 1861. demand at the hands of rebels is unconditional GENERAL ORDER No. 18.
obedience to the Constitution and the laws, as It is with the deepest mortification the Gen- expounded by the legally-constituted tribunals eral commanding finds it necessary to reiterate of the country; that upon this platform we his orders for the preservation of the property stand, and, by the grace of God, will abide the of the inhabitants of the district occupied by l issue.
IX REFERENCE TO DEPREDATIONS.