« PreviousContinue »
Lincoln's Departure from Springfield, 13.-Davis's Journey to Montgomery; Lin-
coln's Views of Secession, 14.-Lincoln's Journey to Washington, 15.-His In-
augural Address, 16.-Buchanan leaves the White House, 17.-Influence of the
Secretary of State, 18.-Difficulties of the Administration, 19.-Formation of the
Cabinet, 20.-Arrival of Commissioners Forsyth and Crawford, 21.-Their Ap-
plication for a Reception, 22, 23.-Offensive Character of their Correspondence,
24.-Lincoln calls out the Militia and summons Congress, 25.-The Free States
furnish Troops, 26.-The Slave States refuse Troops, 27.-Proclamation of the
Blockade, 28.-Blockade and Port-closure, 29.-Secessionist Letters of Marque,
29.-Seizure of Telegrams; additional Troops called out, 30.-Suspension of
Habeas Corpus; Attitude toward Foreign Powers, 31.-Belligerent Acknowl-
edgment by England, 32.—Instruction to Foreign Ministers, 33.-The Political
Ideas of the Time, 34.-Position of the Democratic Party, 35.-Lincoln's Posi-
tion, 36.-Lincoln and Davis, 37.-Lincoln in Retirement, 38.-Peculiarities of
his Character, 39, 40.
Two Phases of the Secession Movement, 41.-The favorable Period for Treason,
42.-Preliminary Steps of the Conspirators, 43.-Measures determined on, 44.-
Washington to be seized, 45.-The Attorney General Stanton, 45.-Holt, the
Secretary of War, 46.-Dix, the Secretary of the Treasury, 47.-Holt's Report,
48.-Projected Seizure of Washington, 49, 50.-Troops brought to Washington,
51.-Attempts to have them removed, 52.-Report of the Naval Committee, 53.
-Censure of the Secretary of the Navy, 54.-Attempts to introduce Spies into
the Government Departments, 55.-Attempts to bring Maryland and Virginia
over to the Conspiracy, 56.-Success of the Conspiracy, 57.
DETERMINATION OF THE NORTH TO UPHOLD THE REPUBLIC.
Political Necessity for Aggression in the South, 68.-Effect of the Fall of Sumter,
69.-Action of the Northern People, 70.-Rumored Intention of seizing Wash-
ington, 71.—Troops hurried to its Defense, 72.-They are resisted in Baltimore;
the Massachusetts Regiments assailed, 73.-Concessions of the Government, 74.
-Christian Association, 75.-The Troops reach Annapolis, 76, and relieve Wash-
ington, 77.-Butler seizes Baltimore, 78.
THE SECESSION OF VIRGINIA.
Virginia reluctant to secede, 79.-She yields a qualified Assent, 80.-She joins the
Confederacy, 81.—Her Resources given to the Confederacy, 82.-—Capture of
Harper's Ferry Arsenal, 83.-The Norfolk Navy Yard, 84.-It is inadequately
protected, 85.-Report of the Virginia Commissioner, 86.-Report of the Senate
Committee, 87.-Richmond made the Confederate Capital, 88.-Its Social Con-
dition, 89.-Difficulties in,its Domestic Economy, 90.-Extravagant Prices of the
Necessaries of Life, 91.-Surrender of the Pensacola Navy Yard, 92.-Defense
of Fort Pickens, 93.
War Preparations of the Confederacy, 94.-Its Defenses, 95.-The Cotton Paradise,
96.-Principles of the Leaders of Secession, 97.-Population of the Confederacy
classified, 98.-First Class, 98.-Second and Third Classes, 99.-Fourth Class,
100.-Conversion of the Slaves, 100.-Their Conduct, 101, 102.-The South in
a State of Siege, 103.-Construction of its Political System, 104.-Richmond
made the Capital, 105.-Washington and Richmond compared, 106.-Possible
Transfer of the United States Capital, 106.-Opening of the Congress at Rich-
Intended Seizure of Washington, 108.-Troops concentrated at Manassas, 109.—
National Troops concentrating in Washington, 110.-Preparations for its Defense,
111.-Invasion of Virginia, 112.-Confederates blockade the Potomac, 113.-The
opposing Forces near Washington, 114.-The March of McDowell, 115.-First
Plan of the Battle of Bull Run, 116.-Second Plan, 117.-Distribution of the
Confederate Force, 118.-McDowell gains the Initiative, 119.-The Battle of
Bull Run, 120.-The Battle during the Morning, 121; during the Afternoon,
122, 123, 124.-Conflict on the Plateau, 125.-Rout of the National Army, 126.
-Davis's Telegram of Victory, 127.-Johnston's Explanation of his Conduct,
128.-Political Interpretation of the Battle, 129, 130.
OF THE FORM ASSUMED BY THE WAR.
The Second Phase of the War, 131.-The Protestations of the Confederates, 132.—
Accusations of the Congressional Committee, 133.-The South thrown from the
Beginning on the Defensive, 134.-Interior of the Confederacy, 135.—Its Mili-
tary Topography, 136.-Investment of the Confederacy, 137.-Vastness of the
Siege, 138.—The necessary Military Operations, 139.—The East-west Line, 140.
-Effects of breaking it, 141.-Solution of the Problem of the Mississippi, 142.—,
Objective of the Atlantic Region, 143.—Effect of Attrition, 144.-Reaction of the
Slavery War-cry, 145.—Application of these Principles by Grant and Sherman,
145.—Changes in the Quality of the Armies, 146.-Predominating Power of the
North, 147.-Influence of the Slave Force, 148.
ACTS OF THE PROVISIONAL AND PERMANENT CONFEDERATE CONGRESSES.
Secrecy of the Confederate Congressional Proceedings, 149.-Various Acts of Con-
gress, 150.—Abstract of Davis's Message, 151 to 157.-His Treatment of the
Slave Question, 158.-Treatment of State Rights, 159.-Necessity of Centraliza-
tion in the Confederacy, 160.—Acts of the Extra Session, 161.—The Congress at
Richmond, 162.-Session of the 18th of November, 163.-The Permanent Con-
gress, 163.—War Legislation, 164.-The Conscriptions, 165.-The Conscript Sol-
diers, 166.-The August Session, 167.-Arbitrary Course of the Government, 168.
-Decline of the Influence of Davis, 169.-A Reign of Terror, 170.—Deplorable
Condition of Domestic Affairs, 171, 172.
THE EXTRA SESSION OF THE NATIONAL CONGRESS.
Composition of the Houses, 173.-Position of the Democratic Party, 174.-Mr.
Douglas's Letter, 175.-Abstract of Lincoln's Message, 175 to 179.-The Presi-
dent's War Acts, 180.-Reports of the Secretaries, 181.-Action of the House,
182.-Action of the Senate, 133.—Resumé of the Acts, 184.—Character of the
Opposition encountered, 184.-Pledge of Congress, 185.
CREATION OF THE NATIONAL ARMY.
The Army at the Beginning and End of the War, 186.-Change in the Morale of
the Army, 187.-Progress of Enlistments and Armaments, 188.-Regulars and
Volunteers, 189.-Loyalty of the West Point Academy, 190.-Oath taken by the
Graduates, 191.-McClellan's Report, 191.-His Views on the Conduct of the
War, 192.-Proposed Composition of the Army, 193.-Subordinate Movements,
194.-Increase in the Strength of the Army, 195.-Organization of the Infantry,
195; of the Cavalry and Artillery, 196; of Corps d'Armée, 197.-The Potomac
and Western Armics, 198.-Actual Strength of the Armies, 199, 200.
CREATION OF THE NATIONAL NAVY.
Duties required of the Navy, 201.-The Navy and Dock Yards at the Opening of
the War, 202.-Requirements of the Blockade, 203.-Of the Sea Navy, 204.-
Peculiarities of American Construction and Armament, 205.-The small Gun-
boats, 205.-The Kearsarge Class, 205.-The Double-ender and the Lackawan-
na Class, 206.-The Wampanoag Class, 207.-The Armored Ships, 207.-The
Monitors, 208.-The Monitor Frigates, 209.-Of the River Navy, 210.-The
River Gun-boats, 211.-Energy in building them, 212.-River Monitors, Tin-
clads, Mortar Boats, 213.-American Ordnance, 214, 215.
TRANSACTIONS CIVIL AND MILITARY IN KENTUCKY.
Minor Military Affairs of 1861.-Early War Movements incorrect, 217.-The Bor-
der States, 218.-Their Geographical and Political Position, 219.—Their Opin-
ions and Interests, 220.-Effect of their Neutrality, 221.-Movements in Ken-
tucky, 222.-Political Action in that State, 223.-Attempts of her Governor,
224.-The Confederates invade Kentucky, 225.-They blockade the Mississippi,
226.-Grant attacks them at Belmont, 226.
TRANSACTIONS CIVIL AND MILITARY IN MISSOURI.
Internal Dissensions in Missouri, 227.-The State Convention and the Governor,
228. He seizes the Arsenal at Liberty, 228.-Lyon captures his Camp; Harney
makes a Compact with him, 229.-The Governor's Proclamation, 230.-Lyon
defeats him at Booneville, 231.-The Governor declares that the state has se-
ceded, 231.-Fremont in Command of the Department, 232.-Battle of Wilson's
Creek and Death of Lyon, 233.—Capture of Lexington and Removal of Fremont,
234.-Retreat of the National Army; Halleck takes Command, 235.-His Slave
Order, 236; Curtis's Advance and Battle of Pea Ridge, 237, 238.-Indian Allies
of the Confederates, 239.-The March of Curtis to Helena, 240.
TRANSACTIONS CIVIL AND MILITARY IN VIRGINIA.
Western Virginia adheres to the Union, 241.-McClellan crosses the Ohio, 242.-
Affair at Romney, 243.-Johnston evades Patterson; Affair at Rich Mountain,
244.-Carrick's Ford, 245.-Cross Lanes; Carnifex Ferry, 246.-General R. E.
Lee in Command, 246.—Lee and McClellan, 247.-Butler at Fortress Monroe,
248.-Affair at Bethel, 249.-Defeat of the National Troops, 250.-Tragedy at
Ball's Bluff, 251, 252.
FORCING OF THE FIRST CONFEDERATE LINE. CAPTURE OF FORTS HENRY AND
DONELSON, AND OPENING OF THE MISSISSIPPI TO MEMPHIS.
Effect of the Battle of Bull Run, 254.-McClellan Commander-in-Chief, 255.-Im-
mobility of the Potomac Army, 256.—The President's General War Order, 257.
-Commencement of the War, 258.-The First Line of Confederate Defense,
258.-Halleck's War Plan, 259.-Operations on the Tennessee, 260.-Strength
of the opposing Armies, 261.-Operations against Fort Henry, 262.-Capture of
that Fort, 263.-Operations against Fort Donelson, 264.-The premature As-
sault, 265.—Defeat of the Gun-boats, 266.—Sortie of the Garrison, 267.—Suc-
cess of the Sortie, 268.-The Confederates forced back, 269.-Floyd's Night
Council, 270.-Surrender of Donelson, 271.-Fall of Nashville, 272. -- Mill
Spring, 273.-Pope's Attack on New Madrid, 274.-The Confederates evacuate
it, 275.-Canal of Island No. 10, 276.-Pope's Passage of the Mississippi, 277.--
Surrender of the Island, 277.-Destruction of the Confederate Fleet, 278.-Fort
Pillow and Memphis, 279.-Fall of Memphis, 280.
THE CAMPAIGN OF SHILOHI.
FORCING OF THE SECOND CONFEDERATE LINE.
Grant's Visit to Nashville, 281, is disapproved of by Halleck, 282.-Sherman's
Reconnoissance up the Tennessee, 283.-The Topography around Shiloh, 284.
-Posting of the Troops, 285.-Grant restored to Command, 286.--Concentra-
tion of the Armies, 287.-Beauregard's Plan of Campaign, 288.-The Field of
Shiloh, 289.-Position of Grant's Army, 290.—Confederate Attack expected,
291.-The Battle of Shiloh, 292.-Resistance of Sherman, 293.-Grant's Line
forced back, 294.-Death of Johnston, 295.-The final Confederate Charge, 296.
-Preparations for renewing the Battle, 297.-Beauregard's Report, 298.-Ar-
rival of Buell, 299.-The second Day's Battle, 300.-Aid rendered by Buell, 301.
-Retreat of the Confederates, 302, 303.-Comments on the Battle, 304.-Sher-
man breaks the Railroad, 305.-Halleck's Advance to Corinth, 306.-The Fall
of Corinth, and unjust Disgrace of Beauregard, 307.-Mitchell's Expedition, 303.
-His Transfer to South Carolina and Death, 309.
Results of the Shiloh Campaign, 310.-The Marches of Buell and Bragg, 311.-
Removal of Halleck to Washington, 311.-Position of Grant's Forces, 312.-The
Confederate Attempts on Corinth; Affair at Iuka, 313.-Escape of Price and
Van Dorn, 314.-Assault on Corinth, 315.-Gallant Conduct of the Confeder-
ates, 316.-Rosecrans's Report of the Battle, 317.-The first Vicksburg Cam-
paign, 318.—Capture of Holly Springs, 319.—Arrest of Grant's March, 320.—
The Chickasaw Bayou, 321, 322.-Sherman's Attempt at Chickasaw, 323; its
Failure, 324. —Arkansas Post, 325; its Capture, 326.