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THE

WESTERN JOURNAL,

AND

Civilian,

DEVOTED TO

Agriculture, Manufactures, Mechanic Arts, Internal Im-

provement, Commerce,
PUBLIC POLICY,

AND

POLITE LITERATURE.

Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts are the basis of Civilization.

M. TARVER & H. COBB,

EDITORS & PROPRIETORS.

Vol. XII., O. S.-Vol. XII., N. S.

PUBLISHED MONTHLY.

ST. LOUIS :

PRINTED BY M. NIEDNER & CO., COR. OF PINE & THIRD STREETS,

1854.

HARVARD COLLEGE LIBRARY

JUL 1 1914

CHARLES ELLIOTT PERKINS
MEMORIAL COLLECTION

XII

!

TO THE TWELFTH VOLUME OF THE WESTERN JOURNAL
AND CIVILIAN.

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ARTICLES BY THE JUNIOR EDITOR.

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Geological Survey of Missouri...
Pacific Railroad-Equity Shares.
Railroads in Arkansas..
Literary Notices...
German Philosophy
Credit, Gold and Silver.
St. Louis, Memphis and New Orleans Railroad...
St. Louis, Paducah and Nashville Railroad Connection.
Germany-Taste. Translated from the French of Mad. De Stael...

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The Cross. A Poem.
The Way to Heaven. A Poem..
Let me think in my heart. A Poem ·
Sketch of a Beauty. A Poem.....

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Mesilla Valley. Pacific

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CONTRIBUTIONS.

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251

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Valley of the Ohio. Its conquest and settlement by Americans. By MANN
BUTLER, Esq, of Missouri..
8, 111, 159, 239, 313, 400
The Critical and Miscellaneous Essays of Christopher North, [Professor
Wilson]. By ALGERON. .......... ................ ...... ...................... 71
Dependence of Mind upon Matter. By PEARCE C. GRACE, Esq., of Mo... 137
Universal Prime Mover. By ALEX. J. GRAHAM, of St. Louis, Mo....... 273
Angel Child. A poem, by LETTIE, of Lexington, Ky.........

303

304

Memory of Friends. A poem, by HARRY.

Africa and African Slavery. By HUGH A. GARLAND, Esq., of St. Louis.. 338
England and the Slave Trade. By HUGH A. GARLAND, Esq., of St. Louis 415

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port, 436.

Banana, Culture of, in Florida, 446.
Bartlett's Personal Narrative of the
country between San Antonio, Texas,
and the Pacific, 251.
Beauty, a sketch, 228.
Boone, Daniel, taken prisoner by the
Indians, 14.

Bricks, new style of manufacture, 351.

C.
Cahokia, Great Indian Council at, 246.
California, its Agricultural Capacities,
264. Its commercial aspects. Prices
of flour and other commodities. Vac-
ant houses in San Francisco. Ship-
ment of gold, &c., 362.
Chambers, A. B., Obituary notice, 149.
Chicago, Statistics of trade, manufac-

tures, &c. History of its improve-
ments, public and private, 43, 124.
Completion of the railroad from Chi-
cago to Alton, 376.
Cleveland and St. Louis air line Rail-
road, 374.

Coffee, Trade, Imports, Prices, &c.,

360.

Commerce of Chicago, 43, 124. Com-

merce of the United States, 282 to
292, and 352 to 357. Commerce be-
tween St. Louis and Arkansas, 134,
and between St. Louis and the South,
294.

Clark, Gen. George R., Negotiations
with Virginia for the Illinois cam-
paign; his march to Kaskaskia, in
1778; capture of Kaskaskia, 159. His
notions of Indian negotiations, 238.
His plan for recovering Vincennes
from the British, 319. His second
invasion of the Indian country, 400.
Commercial Regulations: Treaty be-
tween the United States and Japan,
368.

Commercial aspects of California, 362.
Cotton: its culture and commerce in In-
dia, 420.

Credit, Gold and Silver, 118.

Cross: a poem, 227.
Cultivation of Taste by Farmers,
448.

D.

Decomposition of rocks and production
of metals, 276.

Dependence of mind upon matter, 137.
E.
Education Statistics:-Census of 1850,
438.

England and the Slave Trade, 415.
European War: Probable effects on
American securities, 25.
F.
Forest Mining Co., 59.
Fremont's Expedition to the Pacific in

the winter of 1853-4, 184.
Fruits of Oregon, wild and cultivated,

93.

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G.
Galvanized Iron, 430.

Gas Cost and consumption of, in 34
cities in the U. S., 380.
Geological survey of Missouri, 1.
German Philosophy, 68, 135.
Germany: Taste. From the French of
Mad. De Stael, 225.

Gold: Amount deposited in the U. S.
mint in the year 1853, 173. Forma
tion of gold, 276. Shipment of gold
from California during the first six
months of 1853 and 1854, 367. Pro-
duce of gold in Australia, 379.
Graham, A. J., Inventor of Prime
Mover, 273.
Great Britain: Its Iron trade, 60. Its
Railroads, 343.

Gutta Percha: Its history, manufacture,
uses, &c., 85.

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P.

Public Lands, Pre-emption laws, edut
cation endowments, Railroad grans,
&c., 37.

Pacific Railroad, Mo., Equity Shares
&c., 63.

Pacific Railroad Convention in Cali-
fornia, 296.

Prime Mover, Universal, Graham's in-
Partnerships, limited, 238.
vention, 273.

R.

Railroads. Pacific Railroad, Mo.,
Equity shares, &c., 62. Fremont's
exploration of the central route. 184.
Southern route, 256. Central route
convention in California, 296. Rail-
roads in Arkansas, 64. Midland R.
R., 224. Breaking ground at Hele-
na, 300. Mississippi, Ouachita and
Red River Railroad breaking grounds
301. Railroads concentrating at Hei
lena, Ark., 370. Mobile and Oht-
Railroad, Engineer's Report, 173. So.
Louis, Memphis and New Orleans
Railroad, 212. St. Louis, Paducah
and Nashville Railroad Connection,
220. Railroads in Great Britain, Re-
port for 1853, 343. Keokuk and
Muscatine Railroad, 374. Clevelan
and St. Louis air line railroad; it
progress, length of straight lines
curves, grades, &c., 374. Ohio and
Mississippi railroad open to Carlyle,
376. Chicago and Mississippi Rail-
road completed, 376. Mississippi &
Tennessee Railroad, Engineer's Re-
port, 377. Lake Erie, Wabash and
St. Louis Railroad, Progress of the
work, 378. Railroad iron, shall the
duties on be repealed? 77.
Railroad iron, improved method of rol-
ring bars, 301.

Rocks, decomposition of, and recom-
position of their metalic composition,

276.

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