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The leaders were quite fidgety. Stuart of Michigan, Richardson of Illinois, McCook of Ohio, and others, had their heads together at intervals, and were evidently proposing to do something desperate. Just before the Convention adjourned, Stuart sought the floor and clearly obtained it, but Mr. Cushing with stony face looked over his shoulder and saw "the gentleman from North Carolina, Mr. Ashe," who made the motion to adjourn until five o'clock, which was carried, by declaration of the chair, though there was a strong negative vote.
The New York vote is ready to be cast for the Tennessee conciliatory resolution, which is readily a mild but unmistakable slave code resolution. It would deaden Douglas. The spectators have become tired of the Convention. The galleries are no longer crowded, and it is hardly worth while to keep up the ceremony of presenting tickets. The ladies' gallery is very thin, and the poor creatures look down into the hall, vainly seeking objects of interest.
The South Carolina delegates who remained after the secession have withdrawn. They were loudly hissed every time they voted, and the expressions of public disapprobation were so strong that they have succumbed.
Developments of some sort are expected and insisted upon. The outsiders are becoming as impatient as the insiders. The whole arrangement is pretty nearly beyond endurance. There is little hope of reaching any conclusion this or even next week. It is very clear that the Douglas men have strength enough to prevent nomination whether they have or have not to nominate. His friends are obstinate and are becoming more embittered every hour. There are some who hope he will cut the Gordian knot here by a summary telegraphic despatch peremptorily withdrawing his name. But his friends say he promised them in Washington a fortnight since, when all contingencies were being considered and his counsel was taken, that he would not repeat the Cincinnati despatch under any contingency. There are serious propositions made to adjourn, to meet in New York or Baltimore in June. This would seem, however, to be a mere hopeless attempt at evasion of the present interminable difficulty. The only substantive thing, thus far, that has been done here is the disruption of the party.
THE CLOSING SCENE.
CHARLESTON, S. C., May 3d.
The Convention-or rather that which is left of the Convention, the "Rump" as Yancey calls it-meets this morning with the understanding that it is to adjourn to meet in Baltimore early in June. The North-western delegates are said to be in favor of Baltimore, on the third Monday in June. This is in sheer desperation. The Douglas men expect to have "soft" Conventions held in the cotton States, which will send up to the Convention two representatives favorable to
the Little Giant. They are against a "new deal" in the Northern States, and holding what they have, will grab what they can. There will be two Conventions, the Squatter Sovereignty one at Baltimore, and the Constitutional cne, which will assemble at the call of the cotton States.
The Convention opens with prayer. Mr. Russell of Virginia obtained the floor, to make an explanation relative to the position of the delegation of his State, on the resolution offered by Mr. Howard of Tennessee, which had been printed erroneously in the papers. The Mercury, of this morning, contained an article denouncing the resolution as no better than squatter sovereignty. The editor had been under a misapprehension as to the strength of the resolution; the resolution asserted that the right of property in slaves in the Territories could not be destroyed or impaired by Congress or a Territorial Legislature. The editor of the Mercury had omitted the words, "or impaired.' Mr. Russell of Virginia stated that it had been ascertained that there was strength enough in the Convention to pass this resolution whenever it came up. This is known to be a fact.
The language of Mr. Russell was :
All the Southern States, be believed, had agreed on this, and he understood the State of New York had given her assent to its adoption. He now offered the following:
Resolved, That when this Convention adjourns to-day, it adjourn to reassemble at Baltimore, Md., on Monday, the 18th day of June, and that it be respectfully recommended to the Democratic party of the several States to make provision for supplying all vacancies in their respective delegations to this Convention when it shall reassemble. [Applause.]
[A dispute has arisen about the wording of this resolution-a pamphlet copy of the proceedings at Charleston having been published in Washington, in which the resolution reads:
Resolved, That when this Convention adjourns to day, it adjourn to meet in Baltimore on the 18th day of June, in order to afford the States that are not now represented an opportunity to fill up their delegations.
Senator Mason of Virginia considered this matter of sufficient importance to address a card to the Washington Constitution concerning it. Mr. Mason quotes the two forms of the resolution, and says of that first above, which I take from the file of the Charleston Courier :
The above is a copy taken by me from the resolution in Mr. Russell's possession, which he brought with him from Charleston.
The marked difference between the two will strike the reader at once. As printed in the pamphlet, it is addressed only to "States that are not now represented," imputing that there were States, in the judgment of the Convention, not then represented in the Convention; thus seeming to imply that the seats of the delegations of those States who had withdrawn were then vacant.
In the resolution really presented and adopted, a recommendation is addressed to the Democratic party of the several States to make provision for supplying all vacancies in their respective delegations when it shall reassemble."]
The rules were quickly suspended to allow Mr. Russell's resolution to be considered.
Then there was an amendment made to strike out Baltimore and insert Philadelphia. There was moved an amendment to the amendment, to strike out Philadelphia and insert New York. Pending these amendments there were several very funny scenes, which would have been exciting, if the Convention had not become an inconsequential mob.
Randall of Pennsylvania several times jumped up with his gnarled gray head and comically severe expression, and attempted to put something before the house with which he was swollen. Several malicious fellows, to tease the old man, raised points of order upon him. The old gentleman would get out of his place, close up to the chair, to put a motion, and some rascal would raise the point upon him, that he was out of his place. Cushing would look down upon him with a queer pucker at the corners of his mouth-the smile of a lion looking kindly upon a sheep-and would slaughter him by sustaining the point of order and sending him back to his place. At last the old gentleman mounted a chair in his place and screamed at the chair, and was recognized. The Convention was in great good humor with him, and gave him a vociferous round of applause. The old gentleman moved to substitute for the various motions before the house, that the Convention meet on the fourth of July, in Independence Hall. He thought a meeting at that holy time and place, would do them all a great deal of good.
The country would have been saved at once, but the motion was out of order.
Mr. Montgomery of Pennsylvania was desperately anxious to address the chair, and when the chair recognized somebody else, he was indig nant, and declared his voice (which is a roarer) too weak, and his form (which is a whopper) too small, for the one to be seen or the other to be heard by the chair. The chair arose in indignation and struck the table three violent blows with his hammer, which he would evidently have been happy to bestow upon the head of Montgomery. He then stated the case to Montgomery in the most explicit terms.
The question on substituting New York for Baltimore, was lost by a viva voce vote. The question on substituting Philadelphia for Baltimore, was lost by the following vote:
YEAS-Maine 3, Massachusetts 103, Connecticut 1, New Jersey 7, Pennsylvania 26, Delaware 2, North Carolina 4, Missouri 4, Tennessee 10, Kentucky 114, Minnesota 11, California 1-881.
NAYS-Maine 5, New Hampshire 5, Vermont 5, Massachusetts 2, Rhode Island 4, Connecticut 5, New York 35, Maryland 8, Virginia 15, North Carolina 6, Arkansas 1, Missouri 5, Tennessee 1, Kentucky, Ohio 23, Indiana 13, Illinois 11, Michigan 6, Wisconsin 5, Iowa 4, Minnesota 24, California 3, Oregon 3-166.
The original resolution was then carried by the following vote: YEAS-Maine 5, New Hampshire 5, Vermont 5, Massachusetts 10, Rhode Island 4, Connecticut 6, New York 35, New Jersey 2, Pennsylvania 23, Maryland 5, Virginia 14, Arkansas 1, Missouri 6, Ten
nessee 7, Ohio 23, Indiana 13, Illinois 11, Michigan 6, Wisconsin 5, Iowa 4, Minnesota 4, California 3-195.
NAYS-Maine 3, Connecticut 3, New Jersey 5, Pennsylvania 3, Maryland 3, Virginia, North Carolina 14, Missouri 3, Tennessee 5, Kentucky 12-55.
The President. The chair, before putting the final motion to adjourn, requests for a few moments the attention of the Convention.
Order being restored, the President said:
"Gentlemen of the Convention:-Allow me, before putting the question of adjournment, to address to you a parting word.
I desire, first, to say, and, in saying it, to bear testimony to your constituents and to the people of the United States that, considering the numerousness of the assembly, the important interests involved in its deliberations, and the emotions thus naturally awakened in your bosoms; considering all this, I say your sessions have been distinguished by order, by freedom from personalities, by decorum and by observance of parliamentary method and law. In the competition for the floor, in the zeal of gentlemen to promote their respective opinions by motions or objections to motions in the lassitude of protracted sittings, occasions have occurred of apparent, but only apparent, confusion. But there has been no real confusion, no deliberate violation of order. I am better able than any other person to speak knowingly on this point, and to speak impartially, and I say it with pride and pleasure, as a thing especially proper for me to say from the chair.
I desire further to say for and in behalf of myself, that I also know, by the knowledge of my own heart and conscience, that in the midst of circumstances always arduous, and in some respects of peculiar embarrassment, it has been my steady purpose and constant endeavor to discharge impartially the duties of the chair. If, in the execution of these duties, it shall have happened to me to address any gentleman abruptly, or not to have duly recognized him, I beg pardon of him and of the Convention.
"Finally, permit me to remind you, gentlemen, that not merely the fortunes of the great Constitutional party which you represent, but the fortunes of the Constitution also, are at stake on the acts of this Convention. During the period now of eighty-four years, we, the States of this Union, have been associated together in one form or another, for objects of domestic order and foreign security. We have traversed side by side the wars of the Revolution, and other and later wars. Through peace and war, through sunshine and storm, we have held our way manfully on, until we have come to be the Great Republic. Shall we cease to be such? I will not believe it: I will not believe that the noble work of our fathers is to be shattered into fragments; this great Republic to be but a name, a history of a mighty people once existing, but existing no longer save as a shadowy memory, or as a monumental ruin by the side of the pathway of time! I fondly trust that we shall continue to march on forever-the hope of nations, as well in the Old World as in the New-like the bright orbs of the firmament, which roll on without rest, because bound for eternity; without haste, because pre
destined for eternity; so may it be with this glorious Confederation of States.
I pray you, therefore, gentlemen, in your return to your constituents and to the bosoms of your families, to take with you as your guiding thought the sentiment of the Constitution and the Union. And with this, I cordially bid you farewell, until the prescribed reassembling of the Convention."
The address was received with loud applause, and at its close the President declared that the Convention stood adjourned until the 18th of June, then to meet at 12 o'clock, noon, in the city of Baltimore.
The final fall of the hammer was the signal for a general stampede, and the delegates rushed from the hall.
The moment before the Convention assumed a nebulous appearance, a Baltimorean had something very sweet to say of the hospitalities of the Monumental City. The loss of interest in the proceedings of this Convention will strikingly appear from the fact, that while there are seats in the ladies' gallery for at least four hundred, and that at times they had not only filled them, but appeared on the floor by scores, there were but seven ladies in the hall when the adjournment took place.
Public opinion has for some days been divided as to the abilities of Mr. Cushing as a presiding officer. He is accused of being too elaborate, and too formal, and incapable of despatching business. But it should be remembered that during a great part of the time here, his object has not been to despatch business, but to procrastinate. Certainly there has been admirable success in this. It must, however, be said of Mr. Cushing as a presiding officer, that he is a little too fond of making a speech in deciding a point of order, and that he gives too many reasons for a ruling, especially where it is tolerably clear that he is not strictly impartial.
CHARLESTON, S. C., May 3d (evening).
The adjournment of the Convention has been followed by an outrageous eagerness to get home. Yesterday the Northern delegates generally professed the most amazing capacities for endurance. They were ready to stay here any length of time. There was nothing either in their families or their business to call them home. They were prepared to brave yellow fever or any other form of pestilence. They were ready to defy the plague, though it might be as malignant as tradition says it was in other countries. To-day, the Convention adjourned at a few minutes after eleven, and there was a little more than an hour left before the principal Northern and North-eastern trains took their departure. The rush to the hotels, and the calls for baggage and bills, the hurried cramming of carpet-bags, valises and trunks, the headlong races up and plunges down stairs, the yelling after coaches, the shaking hands and taking parting drinks," made up a scene that was somewhat amazing to the leisurely people of Charleston. Some of those who were yesterday loudest in their professions of willingness to spend the summer months here, made the most reckless despatch in getting out of
Douglas men think they have done it up beautifully, in adjourning,