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litate the restitution of property, hold its Proclamation, ly the British und French sittings at the bouseof Sr. Antonio Rodriguez
Commissioners, for seeing carried into de Oliviera, No. 8, Cargo de Loretto.Effect the Convention agreed upon letwren W. C. BERESFORD, Maj. General, PROBY, the respective Commander's-in-Chief. Du- Lieutenant-Colonel, British commissioners." ted Lislon, 10th Sept. 1808.
- Le Général KELLERMAN, Le coriasissaire For the fulfilment of the stipulation inade Français pour l'exécution de la Convention, in the Convention agreed upon for the eya- du 30 Acùi. cuation of Portugal by the French army, that property of every kind confiscated, or Address of the Ollicers of the British Army, seized, from the subje ts, or other persons
to Sir Arthur Wellesley, on presenting residing in Portugal, whether of the royal him a piece of Plate.-Camp at Sl. Anpalace, royal and public libraries, and mu- tonio de Tugal, Sept. 6, 1903 seums, and from individuals that are sull SIR ;-The commanding officers of existing in Portugal, should be restored corps, and field officers, who have badWe, the commissioners for seeing carried the honour of serving in the army ander into execution the said treaty, as his excel. your command, anxiously desirous of exlency the commander of the French army pressing the high opinion they entertain of has already notified to his army, think it the order, activity, and judgment, with also right to make public the same for the which the whole of that force was so ably information of all concerned, and for faci- and successfully directed, from the time of litating the restitution, or the receiving back landing, to the termination of your comsuch property, we have judged expedient to mand in the action of Vimeira, request you appoint a committee of three persons, will accept from them a piece of plate, as a viz, lieut.-colonel Trapt, O. Sr. Antonio, testimony of that sincere esteem and respect Rodrigues de Oliviera, and Mr. Dubliur, ' which your talents and conduct have so justo commissaire des giierres, to meet at No. 8, i ly inspired.-(Signed) W. W. Blake, major Cargo de Loretto, who are appointed to 201h light dragoons, Win. Robe, lieut. co. receive, inquire into, and judge of all re- lonel commanding royal artillery, James clamations on this head, and whose orders Viney, major royal artillery, H. Elphinfor the restitution of properly, to whomso- tone, captain commanding royal engineers, ever addressed, are to be obeyed. And it Edward Gopcon, major 5th regiment, and is directed ihat keepers shall have charge of lieut, colonel Thomas Eames, major 5th regisequestrated or seized property in every ment, Henry Bird, captain 5th regiment, house to which it may have been removed, and major, Thomas Carnu, najor 6h regi
to assure the conservation of objects or ment, Arthur Miller, major Gib regiment, I moveables transported from royal or public J. Cameron, lieut. colonel commanding ist
houses, or others, for the use or conveni. bat. Och foot, H. Claufurd, nigjor Ist bat. ence of such general, admninistrator, or gih foot, and lieut. colonel, D. Wsie, maother subject of the French army. These jor, 29;h regiment, font, and lieut. colonel, keepers will make the description of all G. Wy, major 291b regiment, Thomas meubles with the name of the owners, and Ege: ion, captain 29th regiment, and major, be accountable for whatever is therein, and Andrew Creagh, captain 2014 iegiment, they will be delivered only on legal proof of and major, Samuel Hinde, Jicut colonel ownership, to the possessors of such articles commanding 32d regiment, H. Juhnson, as above described, who will transmit 10 | major, 32d regiment, John Wood, majors this committee a return of what each may 324 regimeot, Robert Coote, captain 320
have in his possession of the property desig- regiment, and major, Kobert Burne, col. , Dated. And all persons may with safety commanding the 36th regiment, Lewis
apply to this tribinal. We think it ne- Davis, major 3şih regiment, J. Grevell, cessary also, to make known to whom it', lieut. col, commanding 3sih regiment, J. may concern, that any purchase made of W. Deave, major 390. regiment, and lieut. articles taken from the public arsenals or col. E. Miles, major 39th regiment, Divid stores since the 30th of August, or what- Ross, captain 381h regiment, and inajor, ever shall on trial, be proved to have been James Kenmis, lieut. col.commanuing 4011 illegally sold or disposed of at any time, regiment, and colonel, Henry Thornton,
previous to the 3012 August, shall major 40th regimcui, Richard Archdull, be null and void, the articles seized and the major 40. h regiment, Edward Hall, major Best persous parchasing subject to what the 2d battalion 134, Daniel Heave, major t3d,
daw may further direci.-The comiviitee Willanı Greard, lt. col. commanding 45:h assembled to receive reclamations, and faci. reginient, Andrew Paltin, mujor 4.7!h regi
ment, Wm. Givynn, major 45th regiment, to convey to the field officers of the army, D. Lecky, brevet-major 45th regiment, A. the assurance that I shall not lose the recol. Coghlan, brevet-major 45th regiment, G. lection of their services; that I am fully J. Walker, col. commanding 50th regiment, sensible of their kindness towards me; and J. Ross, lieut. col , commanding 2d batta- that I value highly their good opinion - I liun of 52d regiment, H. Redwood, major i have the honour to be, Sii, &c. ARTHUR 52d regiment, W. G. Davy, major 5th bar WELLESLEY.-Coloniel Kemmis, 10th Regitalion both regiment, W. Woodgate, major ment. 5th battalion both regimant, John Gaffe, brevet-major both regiment, D. Pack, lieut. ANERICA.-Mr. Jefferson's Answer to the col., commanding 71st regiment, D. Camp- Inhabitants of Boston, who prayed a bell, major 71st regiment, Harry Eyre, ma- Repeal of the Emlargo. Dated August jor, commanding 82d regiment, Chichester 26, 1808. M'Donall, major 82d regiment, J. Robin- Your representation and regnest were reson, lieut. col., commanding 91st regiment, ceived on the 22d instant, and have been J. Douglas, major 91st regiment, B. H. Oi- considered with the attention due to every ley, major 91st regiment, and lieut. colonel, expression of the sentiments and feelings of D. M.Donnell, captain 91st regiment, and so respectable a body of my fellow-citizens. major, Robert Travers, major, command- No person has seen, with more concern than ing 95th regimeni.Staff: Henry Tor- myself, the inconvenience brought on out reus, lieut. col. and military secretaty, Geo. country in general, by the circumstances of Tucker, lieut. col. and deputy adjutant ge. the times in which we happen to live ; tigies neral, Thomas Arbuthnot, major and depu- to which the bistory of nations presents do ty assistant-general, Andrew Partan, do. do. parallel. For years we have been looking as do., Wm. Gunn, do. do. do., D. Leeky, do. spectators on our brethren of Europe, affectdo. do., A. Coghlan, do. do. do., James Ba- ed with all those evils wbich necessarily fola thurst, lient. col. and deputy quarter-master- low an abandonment of the moral rules which general, J. Painy, assistant deputy quarter- bind men and nations together. Connected master-general.---To which, by their par. with them in friendship and commerce, a ticular request, are added the names of lieu- have happily so far kept aloof from their tenant-col
. Walsh, and the field officers of calamitous conflicts, and by a steady eter the 2d battalion of the oth regiment, which vance of justice towards all, by much for: arrived previous to the 21st of August and bearance and multiplied sacrifices. served in that action.
length, however, all regard to the rights Camp at St. Anna, near Lisbon, Sept. others having been thrown aside, the bellige 18, 1808.-Sir, It has bappily fallen to my rent powers have beset the highway of comlot as the eldest field officer in your army, mercialintercourse with edicts, which, taken to have the honour of presenting the inclosed together, expose our commerce and mariners address, from the commanding officers of under almost every destination, a prey to corps, and field-officers serving in it; we their fleets and armies. Each party indeed bave but one sentiment on the occasion, ad- would admit our commerce wiib themselves, miration of your talents and confidence in with the view of associating as in their war your abilities.-James Kenmis, lieut. col. against the other. But we have wished wat 41h and colonel. To the right hon. Sir with neither.- Under these circumstances Arthur Wellesley, K. B. &c. &c. &c. were passed the laws of which you complai!
September 18, 1808.—Sir, I have had by those delegated to exercise the power the honour of receiving your letter of this legislation for you, with every synpaths of day's date, in which you have transmitted a common interest in exercising the faithan address, from the officers commanding fully. In reviewing these measures, therecorps, and the field officers who served under fore, we should advert to the difficulties out my command in the late operations in of which a choice was, of necessity, Portugal.--I have had inore than one occa- made. To- have submitted our rightful sion of expressing the satisfaction which I commerce to prohibitions, and tributary es• had derived, frona the state of discipline and actions from others, would have veen to sora order in which we were employed ; and my render our independence-to resist them by sanse of the assistance which I had derived arms was war, without consulting the state from ih: oiticers belonging to the different of things or the choice of the nation. The departments of the armiy. These advantages alternative preferred by the legislatore of rendered our operations easy and certain ; suspending a commerce placed under sucha and we were enabled to meet ihe enemy on unexampled difficulties, besides saving to fair terms in the field of battle.- I beg you our citizens their property, and our diaria ners to their country, has the peculiar ad- several interests comprising those of the vantage of giving time to the belligerent na United States, that of manufactures would of tions to revise a conduct as contrary to their course prefer to wai a state of non-interinterests as it is to our rights. - In the event course su favourable to their rapid growth of such peace, or suspension of hostilities and prosperity.-- Agriculture, aliliongh senbetween the belligerent powers of Europe, sibly feeling the loss of market for its proor such change in their measures affecting duce, would find many aggravations in a neutral commerce, as may render that of the state of war. - Commerce and no viva ion, or United States sufficiently safe in the judge that portion which is foreign, in the inacinent of the president, he is authorised to tivity to which they are reduced by ile preSiispend the embargo. But no peace or sus- sent state of things, certainly experience pension of hostilities, no change of mea- their full share in the general inconvenience; sures affecting neutral commerce, is known but whether war wouid be to the:u a preferto have taken place ; the orders
of England, able alternative, is a question their patriotisin and the decrees of France and Spain, exist- would never hastily propose. It is to be ing at the date of these laws, and still unre- regretted, however, that oerlooking the pealed, as far as we know. In Spain, in- real sources of sufferings, the British and deed, a contest for the government appears French edicts, which constitute the actual to bave arisen ; but of its course or prospects, blockade of our foreign commerce and nawe have no information, on which prudence vigation, they have, with too little reflection, would undertake a hasty change in our poli- | imputed them in laws which have preserved (;, eren were the authority of the executive them from greater, and have saved for our competent to such decision.--You desire own use, our vessels, property, and seamen, that, in this defect of power, congress may instead of adding them to the strength of bespecially convened. It is unnecessary to thosc with whom we might eventually have examine the evidence, or the character of to contend. - The embargo, giving time to the facts, which are supposed to dictate such the belligerent powers to revise their unjust a cail ; because you will be sensible on an proceedings, and to listen to the dictates of attention to dates, that the legal period of justice, or interest and reputation, which their meeting is ups early as, in this exten- equally urge the correction of their wrongs, sive country, they could be fully convened has availed our country of this only honourby a special call.-I should, with great wit- able expedient of avoiding war; and should hagness, have executed the wishes of the a repeal of these edicts supersede the cause inhabitants of Boston, had peace, or a re- for it, our commercial brethren will become peal of the obnoxious edicts, or other sensible, that it bas consulted their interest, changes, produced the case in which alone however against their own will. It will be the laws have given me 1?at authority; and unfortunate for their country, if in the meanso many motives of justice and interest lead time these their expressions of impatience to such changes, that we ouglit continually should have the effect of prolonging the
expect them.--But while these edicts re- very sufferings which have produced them, main, the legislature alone can prescribe the by exciting a fallacious hope that we may, course to be pursued.—Thos. JEFFERSON. under any pressure, relinquish our equal
rights of navigating the ocean, go to such The President Jefferson's Ansuer to the poris as others may prescribe, and there pay
Dissent of the Repullicans from the Pro- the tributary exactions they may impose; ceedings of the Town of Boston, relative an abandonment of national independence to the Emlargo.
and essential rights revolting to every manly I have duly received the address of that sentiment. While these edicts are in force, portion of the citizens of Boston who have no American can ever consent to a return of declared their approbation of the present sus- peaceable intercourse with those who mainpension of our commerce, and their dissent iain them. I am in the approach of the from the representation of those of the same period when the feelings ard the wisdoin of place who wished its removal. A divisio:) the nation will be collected in their repreof sentiment was not unexpected ; on 10 sentatives asseinbled together. To them are question can a perfect unanimity be hoped, committed our rights, to them our wrongs or certainly it would have been between war are known, and they will pronounce the and embargo, the only alternatives presented remedy they call for; and I hear with picio to our choice; for the general capture of sure froin all, as well those who approve as our vessels would have been war upon one
those wlio disapprove of the present me!side, which reason and interest would repel sures, assurances of an implicit acquiescena by war and reprisal on our part.-Of the in the annunciation of the general witi
beg leare, through you, to communicate this pine spreading itself orer the ocean. On anisier to the address, on which your sig- linis element it has reached us, and at la. nat!!e huid the first place, and to aild 35 in 90 serious a degree, that the legisisi surances of iny respect.-(Signed) Thomas of the nation has thought it necessary so witt: JEITERSON.-To Col. Edward Proctor. dritw our citizens and property from it, either
to avoid or to prepare for engagio in the Petition of the Subscribers, Officers of Mero general contest. But for this timely precque
chant Ships, belonging to the Port of Phi- tion, the petitioners and their property mnigin ladelphia, to Thomas Jefferson, Esq. Pre- now have been in the hands of spoilers
, wia sident of the United States of America : have laid aside an regard to moral right, Respectfully Sheweth, that
With drawing fröni the greater evil, a lesser quence of the present embargo laws, the si- has been necessarily encountered ; :nd er tuation of your petitioners is grievous and tainly, could be legislature have made proafflicting ; that they have been engagei in vision against this also, I should have had the mercantile service since their infancy, great pleasure as the instrument of its exewith few exceptions, and accustomed only cution ; but it was impracticable by avs to conduct ships or vessels across the ocean ; general and just mles to prescribe, in every that from the operation of the present restric- case, the best résonrce against the incos tive laws, they find then selves cut off from veniences of shis new situation. The dific their usual employment and of course the culiies of the crisis will certainly fall wih means of subsistenre are gone.-Your peti- greater pressure, on some discription of ei. tioners are well acquainted with the duties tizens iban others, and on none perhaps with of conducting ships froni port to pore-well greater aan on our seatarinig brethren. versed in naval tactics, but unable to bana Sould any aveaus of alleviation occur within dle the harrow or plough.—Your petitioners the range of my duties, I shall with certarhave for a long time burne with patience the ty advert to the situation of the petitioners, privations incident to these restrictive laws, and in availing the nation of their services
, without murmur or complaint ; but when aid them with a substitute for their forint imperious necessity compels them to disclose occupation. I salute them and yourself with the cause of their grievances, they humbly sentiments of sincere regard, suppose they have a right so to do in a decent
" TH. JEFFERSON." and respectful manner.-Your petitioners, iherefore, pray' bat your excellency will HOLLA&D.-Dutch Commercial Datei, take their case inio consideration, and
dated 13th Outoler, 1808.
1 adopt such measures as will relieve thre: Louis Napoleon, by the grace of God wants of your petitioners ; or, if there are and the constitution of the kingdoin, kung vacancies in the navy to give to your petiti- of Holland, and constable of France, one oners, or some of thein, an opportunity of decreed and decrees as follows:-Ait
. I. serving therein, as they think themselves The exportation, by sea, of the produce of capable of performing services of that nature. the kingdora, hitherto permitted to be exThey, however, submit their whole cause to ported io neutral poris, is provisionary your consideration, hoping your excellency suspended until further orders.-- Art. 11. will adopt such measures as wisdom and jus- The superintendance of the coasi shall be tice may point out, and as in duty bound divided into three grand precincts; the first
, will pray, &c -- Philadelphia, August 104 exter:ding from the Helder to the Isle of 1809.
Walcheren, inclusive; I be second (çom the The President's Answer.
Helder, inclusive, to Hürdiogen ; and the SIR.-In answer in the lition which you third from Harlingen to the Jande, inclusive. delivered me from the orlicers of merchant -- Art. III. The commanders-in-chief shal! vessels betonging to Philadelphia, I must be personally responsible for the esecunia premise my sincere regret at the sacrifices of the dispositions that relate to the complete which our fellow ciiizens in general, and the shutting of all the ports of the kingdom, and petitioners in particular, bave been obliged the prevention of all communication with to nicet, by the circumstances of the times, the enemy, and likewise of all that we may We live in an age of affliction, to which the hereafier decree. They shall daily transant history of nations presents no parallel; we a report to our ministers of what relates to have: op vers been looking on Europe co- their respective departments, vered with blood and violence, and seen ra
(70 le continued)
Printed by Cor? Bebis, Grest Queen Street; published by A. Barsinaro, Brvilges Siriei, CorentGarcíen, wiicre winner Numbers may be iad: sold also by I. Buchi, Civän and Mitre, Pall Mas
VOL. XIV. No. 21.) LONDON, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 1803. (PRICE (01),
“ Save me from my friends!" 801]
S02 TO THE
only probable, but it is what one would naRev. EDMUND POULTER.
turally expect; but, that you sboula 1 in (See his Letter below.)
give 11s, as the very words that you should Sir,
now lay before the public, marked by me Without any waste of time or verted commas, words which you diii nct for the sake of ceremony, I shall, at once, utler, does, I must confess, greatly surprize and following the order you have pursued, me; and my surprize is not diminished by endearóur to answer every part of the letter, the reflection, that it is a matter of no ima wbi h you did me the honour to send me portauce, as far as I can conceive, what the on Thursday evening last, which should, words were ; for, what diff'reoce could it if I bad had it three hours sooner, have possibly make, as to the merits of the case appeared in the Register of the last week, before the meeting, whether Mr. Girnice and which I now am about to send forth to was your relation, or not?
What possible the public.
inducement could the reporters have to misFirst, then, Sir, you complain of the represani you in a thing of this sort ? Suppartiality of the gentlemen, by whom the posing their partialities to have been against Report of the Proceedings was taken and you, what end could they propose to them. published. I really did not, when I read seives in making the world believe that you the Report, perceive in it any marks of were the relation, instead of the friend and partiality. It appeared to me to be as near- admirer, of the person of whom, mention ly correct as such a report could be expected had been made ? to be. You cite, however, a particular As to my being out of order, in introinstance; and, in this you are unfortunate; ducing the subject of Mr. Garnier and his for, I myself am ready to take my oath, immerise emoluments, that I now deny, as that you, in speaking of ivli. Garnier, I denied at the time, To talk over again described him as your
near and dear rela. the denieriis of the Convention appeared I have, since I have receivel to me to be quite useless ; but, nothing your letter, put this question to six gentle- seemed more proper, in addressing o e's self inen, who were present, two of thein to a meeting of car-payers, than to show clergymen :
" IVhat was it that Mr. Poul- the causes of the friendship and support "ter called Mr. Garnier, when he gave with the Convention-makers found ; and, " his reasons for pot baving called me to the particular instance, in question was a " order when I was going into that sub- very striking one of the interest which soie
ject ?" The answer of every one has been: persons had, and must naturally bave, in " he called him his near and dear rela. à continuation of the war, at all events,
Besides this, I well remember, and to which continuation the Portugal that, while you were speaking, a gentle- Convention was so manifestly a friend. man upon my right band, asked me how The people want to be made acqrainted You were the relation of Mr. Garnier ; and, with facis. They have so long been bandied while at dinner, the same day, there being about from faction to faction, that they Bone present but persons of the county, caunot know what to think, They cannot there arose a conversation upon this very know their friends from their enemies. question of relationship.
To be at issue, The way is to give them some facts ; thus, upon a point of fact, is not pleasant ; naines and dates and sums. Fix their bit, it is generally true, that no one re- attention to things, and not amuse them members so imperfectly what a speaker with sounds. The corrupters and the says, in the heat of disputation, as the corrupted want nothing more than to Breaker himself. Ask any of your friends, keep facts from the people. şir, who were near you, in the Hall; and faction exposes, or attempts to expose, ine I am satisfied, that you will find reason to other, in those points where the public alo doubt your own accuracy, in this respect, really interested. They quarrel; they hite
at least. That you should forget what you said, in the basie of the moment, is not
one another must sincerely; but, theis har tred is that of rive's; that of rien für