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Sickles, Daniel E., order re-

specting freedmen, 416.
Assumes command of second
military district, March 21,
1867, 494.

Advice to the freedmen in
South Carolina, 501.
Address to board of trade,
Charleston, S. C., 502.
Sigel, Franz, service at Carth-
age, Mo., 163.

At Pea Ridge, 174.
Silver, remonetization of, 670-

Coinage of, 670–672.

Standard for same, 670, 671.
Trade dollar, 671.

Silver dollar, restoring act,
Feb. 28, 1878, 671, 672.
Coinage of, thereunder, 672.
Simmes, William E., member

Thirty-sixth Congress, 72.
Confederate senator, 72.
Singleton, Otho R., member
Thirty-sixth Congress, 97.
Member Confederate Con-
gress, 97.

Sisters of charity, persecu-
tion of, in Missouri, 614.
Sixth Massachusetts regiment,
mobbed in Baltimore, April
19, 1861, 152.
Slavery, early irreconcilable

with northern sentiment, 36.
Its championship the chief
obstacle to reconstruction,

Origin and spread of, 37.
Abolition in other countries,

Colonial, 37-39.

Strengthened by the cotton-
gin, 38.

Spread in the South of senti-
ment favoring, 41.
Territorial question concern-
ing, 42.

Question of, as affecting ac-
quisition of Louisiana,
Florida, and Texas, 43-45.
Agitation against, attending
the admission of Missouri
and annexation of Texas,
Support of its claims to rec-
ognition by the Constitu-
tion, the political touch-
stone in the South, 45.
Success of friends of exten-
sion in 1844, 47.
Southern views of its consti-
tutionality, 49.

Northern and southern views
of, 52.

Calhoun's views of, 54.

The extreme southern doc-
trine, 55.

Question of extension of, 55.
Question of, in the Charleston
convention, 59.

Its ultimate extension be-
lieved in by the supporters
of the Crittenden compro-
mise, 219.

Death of, recognized by R. E.
Lee and Jefferson Davis,
Constitutional right to abol-
ish, 322.

Author's view of, 325.
Status of, January, 1865, 326.
Abolition of, declared by
Tennessee, 382.
North Carolina, 385.
Mississippi, 392.

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Slavery, abolition of, declared | South Carolina, leads secession

by Georgia, 398.
Texas, 401.
Alabama, 404.
South Carolina, 412.
Florida, 420.
Louisiana, 428.
Arkansas, 437.

Slaves, Confederate Congress
resolves to arm, 213.
Slidell, John, senator Thirty-
sixth Congress, 70.
Sketch of, 70, 88.
Diplomatic agent of the Con-
federacy, 275.

His instructions, 275.
Embarks upon the steamer
Trent, 267.

Captured by Captain Wilkes,

Protests against arrest, 279.
Letter acknowledging cour-
tesy of Capt. Wilkes, 281.
Imprisoned in Fort Warren,

Questions involved in capture
of, 286-290.
Released, 292.

Slocum, Henry W., on the
march to the sea, 208.
Social equality, impracticabil-
ity of, 54.

Bill to insure, in Louisiana,

Southern Confederacy, forma-
tion of, 117.

Constitution, 117, 118.
South, the, its grievance, 63.
Withdrawal of states of, 61.
Attitude of the people toward
peace in, 1861, 222.
The radical proscription of
the people of, violative of
the Constitution, 248, 249.
Effect of delay of full amnes-
ty upon, 596.
Resumption of constitutional
state government in, 672.
Entire electoral vote of, cast
for Hancock and English,
Character of its people before
and since the war, 678.
Its complete restoration, 679.
Smith Charles, credentials as

senator from Louisiana re-
ported, Feb. 18, 1865, 342.
Smith, E. Kirby, Confederate

service in Kentucky, 190.
Smith, Gerrit, demands the thir-
teenth amendment, 311.
Smith, Green Clay, urges prose-
cution of war, 1865, 814.
Proposes resolutions declar-
ing prosecution of the war a
duty, 316.
Smith, H. Boardman, member

House committee, 1872, on
difficulties in Louisiana, 557.
Smith, J.Brenton, testimony re-
specting Governor Holden's
conduct, 459, 460.
Smith, Joseph B., commanding

the frigate Congress, 170.
Smith, Samuel A.. member of
Congress, 1857, 27.
Smith, William, member Thir-

ty-sixth Congress, 72.
Personal sketch of, 73, 92, 93.
Smith, Wm. H., governor of
Alabama, 515.
Smith, Wm. N. H., member

Thirty-sixth Congress, 93.
Chief-justice North Carolina,

movement in 1860, 108-110.
Ordinance and declaration of
causes of secession, 108.
Debate in secession conven-
tion, 110.

Election of delegates to
Southern Congress, 110.
Treaty commission, 1860, 110,

Operations on coast of, No-
vember, 1861, 165.

Military operations in, in 1862,
Sherman's march through,212.
Colored population of, 409.
Her sufferings from the war,


Provisional government of,

Ordinance of secession an-
nulled, 412.

Intimidation in, at elections,

Ku-Klux outrages in, 466.
Hamburgh massacre, 467.
Part of second military dis-
trict under the reconstruc-
tion acts, 494.
Negro population of, 501.
Attitude of the freedmen,
1867, 501.

Registration of voters, 1867,

Constitutional convention un-
der reconstruction acts, 502.
Provisions of constitution of,
1868, 503.

Constitution of, ratified, 503.
Election in, for state officers
and legislature, 1868, 503.
Legislation in, 1888-1871, 504,

Misgovernment in, 504-506.
Indebtedness of, 506.

Restoration of, to full federal
relations, 507.

Presidential returns from, in
the electoral count of 1877,

Electoral vote counted, 1877,
for the Republican candi-
date, 664.

Sovereignty, popular, 49.
State, stand respecting taken
by Governors Brown and
Vance, 1864, 305.
Author's speech in Congress,
1865, respecting, 322.
Calhoun's doctrine of, 322.
Spanish-American republics,
Mr. Seward's policy respect-
ing, 263.
Sparks, William A. J., in con-
ference committee insists
upon repeal of power to
use army at the polls, 631.
Spaulding, Elbridge G., mem-
ber Thirty-sixth Congress,

Connection with our banking
system, 91.
Specie payments, question of,
in politics, 629.

Act for resumption of, 671.
Resumption of, 672.
Speed, James, attorney-gen-
eral, 230.

Counsel in the Milligan case,

Counsel in ex-parte Garland,


Speer, R. Milton,member House
committee, 1872, on difficul-
ties in Louisiana, 557.

Spinner, Francis E., member
Thirty-sixth Congress, 91.
His integrity and his signa-
ture, 91.
Sprague, John T., in command
sub-district of Florida, 517.
Springer, William M., member

of committee on the electo-
ral count, 637.
Opposes "lot" plan, 641.
Remarks in committee, 642.
Squatter sovereignty, 55.
"Squirrel" campaign, 190.
St. Philip, Fort, capture of, 193.
Stallworth, James A., member

Thirty-sixth Congress, 97.
Took no part in the war. 96.
Stanbery, Henry, counsel

against Milligan in the su-
preme court, 230.
Counsel in ex-parte Garland,

Opinion construing the recon-
struction acts, 378.
Counsel for President John-
son in the impeachment
trial, 587.

Sketch of, 587, 588.

Speech of, in impeachment
trial, 589, 590.
Stanbery, William, his affair
with Houston, 301.
Standard silver dollar, 671.
Stanton, Benjamin, member
Thirty-sixth Congress, 75.
Stanton, Edwin M., secretary of
war, 159.

Seeks removal of McClellan,
1861, 159.
Characterized, 200.

Order against disloyal prac-
tices, 223, 224.

Requested by President John-
son to resign, 582.
Declines, 582.

Suspended, 582.
Dismissed, 582.

Star of the West, sent to supply

Fort Sumter, 146.

States, indestructibility of, 30.
States of the South, temporary
organization of, Tennessee,

North Carolina, 383-388.
Mississippi, 389-395.

Georgia, 395-398.

Техав, 399-402.

Alabama, 402-409.

South Carolina, 409-416.

Florida, 416-421.

Virginia, 421-424.
Louisiana, 425-431.
Arkansas, 435-439.
States rights, the Calhoun doc-
trine of, 53.

A doctrine of Abolitionists, 63.
Doctrine of the, Kentucky
resolutions of 1798, respect-
ing, 103.

Position of Massachusetts and

Connecticut, 106.
Relation of treaty of 1873 to
ultra theory of, 262.
In the Confederacy, 305.
Assertion of, in Southern
States against Confederate
government, 312.
States, the seceded, theories of
their status, 123.
Conditions of rehabilitation
of, proposed by President
Lincoln, 338.

Union of, recognized by acts
of Congress, notwithstand-
ing secession, 360, 361.

States, the seceded, remarks of
President Lincoln respect-
ing status of, 344.
Debate upon the question of
their status under the Con-
stitution, 356, 357.
Author's view of their status,

Thaddeus Stevens' theory of

status of, 366-374.
Statuary hall in the capitol, 26.
Stay law in North Carolina,

course of military com-
mander respecting, 495.
In South Carolina, 503.
Stearns, M. L., governor of
Florida, 524.

Steele, John B., votes for thir-

teenth amendment, 326.
Stephens, Alexander H., oppo-

sition to secession in Geor-
gia legislature and conven-
tion, 111, 112.
Sketch of, 113, 114.
Chosen Vice-President of the
Confederacy, 118.
Confederate commissioner at
the Hampton Roads confer-
ence, 333.

Stevens, Isaac I., delegate in the
Thirty-sixth Congress, 99.
Sketch of, 99.

Service against Port Royal,
1861, 165.

Stevens, J. W., murder of, by
Ku-Klux, 457.

Stevens, Thaddeus, member

Thirty-sixth Congress, 75.
The Metternich of Republi-
canism, 75.

Theory as to status of seceded
states, 123.
Financial course as chairman
of committee of ways and
means, 1861, 132.
Moves reconsideration


Ganson resolution respect-
ing military incarcerations,

His indebtedness to Vattel,
Participates in debate of Jan.
10, 1865, respecting the peace
negotiations, 336.

Attitude toward President
Johnson's measures of re-
construction, 349, 350.
Sketch of, 365.

Policy and theories of, 365-374.
Speech by, 367-372.

Position of, with respect to
admission of Alabama, 514.
One of the managers in the
impeachment of President
Johnson, 585.

Stevenson, John W., member

Thirty-sixth Congress, 76.
Stewart, James A., member

Thirty-sixth Congress, 92.
Judicial service, 92.
Stewart, Joseph, commander
sub-district of Alexandria,


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"Stonewall Jackson," death of

Stoughton, Edward W., counsel
for Mr. Hayes before elec-
toral commission, 656.
Stringham, Silas H., command-
ing naval forces in expedi-
tion against Hatteras, 1861,
164, 166.

Strong, G. P., counsel for the
state of Missouri in the Cum-
mings case, 251.
Strong, William, member elec-
toral commission, 650.
Stuart, John T., interview (holi-
days of 1864, of Stuart and
author with President Lin-
coln, with a view to nego-
tiations, 310.

Stuart, J. E. B., raid across the
Chickahominy, 185.

Raid into Pennsylvania, 192.
Sub-districts of Virginia, 486.
Suffrage, educational qualifica-

tion of, proposed by W. D.
Kelley, 342.

The oath of allegiance, the
condition of, in states un-
dergoing reconstruction,

For the negro, movement
toward, 376.

Right of, refused to the
freedmen in Tennessee,
1866, 382.
Proposed constitutional pro-
visions in Mississippi, 527.
In Louisiana, under constitu-
tion of 1868, 549.

Questions relating to, an is-
sue in the campaign of 1876.

Defense of liberty of, €29.
Author's speech on freedom
of, 1871, 633.

Suicide of states, question of
possibility, 351-353.
Sumner, Charles, appeal to Sen-
ate to erase names of battle-
fields of the civil war from
the battle-flags, 31.
Senator Thirty-sixth Con-
gress, 72.

Representative of the Puri-
tan and progressive ele-
ment of New England, 86.
Theory of status of the se-
ceded states, 123.

On the maritime policy of the
United States, 265.
Speech on Trent affair, 293.
Proposes to make the eman-
cipation proclamation a
statute, 340.

His opinion of the improvised
state government of Vir-
ginia, 341.

Personal aspect of, 356.
Sumner, Edwin V., service in
Virginia, 185.

Sumter, Fort, occupancy of, by
Major Anderson, 146.
Attempt to furnish supplies
to, 146.

Evacuation of, urged by
Southern commissioners,

Fired on, 149.
Evacuation of, 149.
Effect on the country, 149.
Policy of Confederate gov
ernment in attacking, 150.
Supreme court, United States,
decision in Cummings vs.
the State of Missouri, 252.

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Supreme Court, dissenting opin- | Test oaths, author's efforts for | Tennessee, Ku-Klux in, 453, 454,

ion in Cummings vs. the
State of Missouri, 253, 254.
Union of the states recog-
nized by, in orders of 1862
and 1865, 361.

Surrender of the Confederate
cause, 214, 578.
Swayne, Noah H., dissents from
opinion of the supreme
court in the Cummings
case, 252.

Swayne, Wager, report of,
upon affairs in Georgia, 467.
In charge of sub-district of
Alabama, 1867, 512.
Swepson, George W., testimony
respecting corruption in
North Carolina legislature,
1868-1869, 498.

Letter to Governor Reed, of
Florida, May, 1869, 520.
Switzerland, the secession in,
1847, 260, 261.

Sykes, George, at battle of Me-
chanicsville, 185.

Tailly, John W. Rev., driven
away by Ku-Klux, 471.
Tappan, Arthur, effort for edu-

cation of colored people, 40.
Tappan, Mason W., member
Thirty-sixth Congress, 77.
Member committee of thirty-
three, 77.

Led a regiment to the field, 90.
Tariff, question of, 691.

True test of character of, 139.
Commission, fruits of, 140.
The Morrill, 282.

Question of, in politics, 629.

Of 1846, 126; 1861, 137; 1872, 139;
1883, 140.

Taylor, George, Rev., whipped
by Ku-Klux, 471.

Taylor, Miles, member Thirty-
sixth Congress from Louis-
iana, 74.

Distrustful of secession as a

remedy, 74.

Member of committee of thir-

ty-three, 77.



gress, 94.


Taylor, Zachary, elected Presi-
dent, 1848, 48.

Telegraphs, extensive use of, in
the civil war, 215.
Territories, question of exclu-
sion of slavery from, 1784,


Missouri compromise, 45.
Slavery question in Charles-
ton convention, 58, 59.
Magnitude of the conflict re-
specting slavery in, 1859, 63.
Suffrage bill for, 376,
Terry, Alfred H., his operations
against Fort Fisher, 212.
Test oaths, delay in repealing, 29.
No utility in, 250.

Of the Missouri constitution,
as revised by the conven-
tion of January, 1865, 251.
Joint resolution of Congress,
March, 1869, respecting re-
quirement of, 528.
The system of, 602, 616.
Feature of reconstruction
plans, 602.

A device for repression of
republican form of gov-
ernment, 602.

The iron-clad oath, 602, 615.
Oath required as a qualifica-
tion of jurors, 603.

repeal, 603.

To eradicate whole system, 604.
General question discussed by
the author, Feb. 1, 1871, 604.
Act of Feb. 15, 1871, modify-
ing iron-clad oath, 604.
A mockery, 605.
Tendency to produce demor-
alization, 605.

In England, 605-609.
The Missouri


oath, 613-615.
Two-thirds vote in the House
for author's bill for repeal
of, 616.

Repeal of, May 13, 1884, 616.
Repeal of, an issue in the
campaign of 1876, 628.
Texas, question of annexation
of, 48-48.

Growth of, 45-46.
Ultimate results of annexa-
tion of, 48.

Convention and ordinance of
secession, 116, 117.
Opposition to the secession
movement in, 116.
Steps toward reorganization,
1865, 399.

Provisional government, 399.
Convention of 1866, 401.
Part of the fifth military dis-
trict under the reconstruc-
tion acts, 572.

Disordered condition of af-
fairs in, at beginning of 1867.

Financial condition of, 1866-
1867, 572.

General Griffin in command
of sub-district of, 572.
Registration in, 574.
Convention in, under recon-
struction acts, 574.
Constitution for, adopted by
convention, Dec., 1868, 575.
Constitution ratified, 1869, 576.
Provisions of constitution of,
1868-1869, 575, 576.
Provisions of constitution of,
1876, 575.
Readmitted to representation,

Conditions of readmission of,

Debt of, 577.
Tennessee, military league with

the Confederate States, 120.
Ordinance of secession, 121.
Union sentiment of eastern,

Military operations in,1862,175.
In 1863, 202.

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Thayer, Eli, member Thirty-
sixth Congress, 75.
Characterized, 75, 91.
Thayer, M. Russell, takes part
in debate upon the power of
amending the Constitution,
January, 1865, 323.
Thirteenth amendment, sketch
of course of, in Congress,
Explanation of the author's
vote upon the final passage
of, 327.

Attitude of author toward,
328, 329.

President Lincoln's view re-

specting ratification of, 344.
Thomas, Benjamin F., views
respecting relation of na-
tional and state powers,

Words about magna charta,
Thomas, Francis, member of
committee of investigation
preliminary to impeach-
ment of President Johnson,
Thomas, George H., at Webb's
Cross Roads, 174.

In command army of the
Cumberland, 202.

Services in Tennessee, 1864,

Assigned to the command of
the third district, 295.
Effect of his successes, 310.
Directs suspension of Bishop
Wilmer from his functions,

Thomas, James H., member of
Thirty-sixth Congress, 95.
Sketch of, 95.

Thomas, Lorenzo, appointed
secretary of war ad interim,

Thompson, Jeff., Confederate

service at Belmont, Mo., 163.
Thompson, Richard W., mem-
ber of the Hayes cabinet,
Throckmorton, J. W., senti-
ments respecting the Union,

Elected governor of Texas,
1861, 401.


Removed as governor
Texas, 1867, 573.
Thurman, A. G., his bill for re-
lief from test oaths, 603.
Member of the committee on
the electoral count, 637.
Remarks in said committee,
644, 647.

Member electoral commis-
sion, 650.
Tilden, Samuel J., 635.
Tilghman, Lloyd, Confederate

service at Fort Henry, 175.
Toombs, Robert, personal

sketch of, as senator Thirty-
sixth Congress, 70.
Member of the committee of
thirteen, 77.

Attitude toward the Critten-
den proposition, 77-80.
Urging secession of Georgia,


Character and services to the
Confederacy, 87.

Speech in the Georgia legisla-
ture, setting forth griev-
ances, 111.

Toombs, Robert, vote in com-
mittee of thirteen on Jeffer-
son Davis' proposition, 115.
Totten, A. O. W., member of
military league commission
of Tennessee, 1861, 120.
Tourgee, A. W., member of
North Carolina convention
of 1867, 498.

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Trade dollar, authorized, 671.
Abolished, 671.

Trade, effect of restrictions
upon, 69.

Train, Charles R., member
Thirty-sixth Congress, 91.
Attorney-general of Massa-
chusetts, 91.

Treaty with Great Britain of

1783, a confederacy not a
union of states recognized
in, 262.
Trent, our flag not lowered in
the affair of the, 289.
Affair, author's opinion on,

British sentiment on the af-
fair of the, 283.

American feeling on the af-
fair of the, 283.

The search of the, inoppor-
tune, 281, 282.

Irritating remarks of the offi-
cers of the, 280.

Legal liabilities of the, 276,

Removal of the Confederate
commissioners from the,


Search of the, 279.

The arrest of the, 278.
The, takes on board Mason
and Slidell, 276.
Affair of the, 275–293.

Mr. Sumner's speech on the
affair of the, 293.

Secretary Seward's policy and
course in the affair of the,

Author's speech on the affair
of the, 285, 286.

Legal aspect of the affair of
the, 288.

Trimble, William H., at Har-
per's Ferry, 189.
Trollope, Anthony, guest at
dinner of Secretary Seward
after Trent affair, 291.
Troup, George McIntosh, 303.
Trumbull, Jonathan, statue of,

Trumbull bill, invoked in the

Milligan and Vallandigham
cases, 229, 233.
Trumbull, Lyman, senator
Thirty-sixth Congress, 72.
Reports measures, Feb.18.1865,
for recognition of Louis-
iana, 342.

Attitude toward President
Johnson's administration,

Counsel for Mr. Tilden in the
Louisiana case before the
electoral commission, 655.
Turreted ironclads, 172.
Twitchell, Homer G., murder
of, 566.

Two-thirds rule in Democratic
conventions, 46, 59.
Tybee Island, Union occupa-
tion of, 166.
Tyler, Daniel, at Bull Run, 155.
Uncle Tom's Cabin, effect of,
48, 49.

188; 1863, 196, 200.

Underwood, John C., presides | Virginia, campaign in, 1862, 179-
at Virginia constitutional
convention, 1867, 489.
Underwood, J. W. H., member

Thirty-sixth Congress, 96.
Attitude toward secession, 96.
Union Reform party of South
Carolina, 505.

Usurpation of 1877, causes of, 124.
Van Brunt, Gershom J., com-
manding Minnesota in expe-
dition against Hatteras,1861,
Van Buren, Martin, opposes
annexation of Texas, 46.
Presidential campaign of 1844,

Presidential candidate on
Free Soil ticket, 1848, 48.
Proposed member of peace
commission, 1861, 315.
Vallandigham, C. L., member

Thirty-sixth Congress, 76.
Biographical sketch of, 80-85.
Arrest of, 197.

Address from prison, 229.
Predicts surrender of Mason
and Slidell, 284.
Vance, Robert B., Jun., mem-
ber of Congress, 307.
Vance, Robert B., Sen., member

of Congress, 307.
Vance, Z. B., member Thirty-

sixth Congress from North
Carolina, distrustful of se-
cession as a remedy, 74.
Attitude respecting the Crit-
tenden compromise, 78.
His voice never heard at
Washington for disunion,

Governor of North Carolina,
1864, 295.

His ability, 296.

His letter of Sept. 23, 1864, re-
specting conscription, 305.
Proposes meeting of govern-
ors, 1864, 306.
Biographical sketch of, 306-

Letter to Jefferson Davis, Dec.
30. 1863, 319.

Elected governor of North
Carolina, 1861, as anti-seces-
sionist, 384.
Efficiency of,as war governor,

Appeal by, in favor of law
and order. April 28, 1865, 384.
Vandever, William, member

Thirty-sixth Congress, 99.
Military service, 99.
Van Dorn, Earl, at Pea Ridge,

At Holly Springs, 194.
Vagrant act of Mississippi, 1865,


Veazie bank, the, vs. the collec-

tor, centralizing tendency
of decision in, 143, 144.
Vermont, personal liberty bills,

Count of electoral vote of,
1877, 664.
Vernon, T. O. P., impeachment
of, 505.

Vicksburg, capture of, 195.
Viele, Egbert S., service against

Port Royal, 1861, 165.
Virginia, convention and ordi-
nance of secession, 119.
Military league with the Con-
federate states, 119.
Partition of, 122.

Military operations in, 196, 200.
1864, 203-206.

Peace resolutions prepared in
senate of, 1864, 319.
Loyal government of, 341.
Recognition of, proposed, 342.
Reconstructed government
of, recognized by Johnson,


Steps toward state organiza-
tion in eastern, 421.
Alexandria constitution, 423.
Attempt at unification, 424.
Constitutes first military dis-
trict, 480.

Military commander retains
provisional officers in, 484.
Military commissioners ap-
pointed for, 485.
Sub-districts established in,

Convention for constitution
for, authorized, 487.
Registration of votes in, 487,

Constitutional convention of,


Constitution of, ratified, 492.
State officers for, elected, 492.
Readmission of, to represent-
ation, 493.
Financial condition of, 493.
Resolutions of 1798 give no
sanction to secession, 103.
Resolutions of 1798, Mr. Mad-
ison's paper respecting, 104.
Virginia, the ram, 168-172.
Destruction of, 182.
Voorhees, D. W., speech in the

House of Representatives,
Feb. 18, 1863, denouncing
policy of arbitrary arrest,

Speech on the state of the
Union, March, 1864, 239.
Speech and position of, re-
specting thirteenth amend-
ment, Jan. 9, 1855, 321.
Wade, Benjamin F., member
Thirty-sixth Congress, 72.
Characterized, 88.

Vote in committee of thir
teen on Jefferson Davis'
proposition, 115.

At Bull Run, 157, 158.
Seeks removal of McClellan,
1861, 159.

Reports House reconstruction
bill with amendment strik-
ing out the word white,
Protests against President
Lincoln's conduct in de-
clining to sign the recon
struction bill, 341.
Purpose of the Republican
majority of the House rela-
tive to, 1868, 582,
Right of, to sit on the im-
peachment trial of Presi-
dent Johnson challenged,

Waite, M. R., proposed as
member of electoral com-
mission, 638.
Wales, Josiah T., elected rep-
resentative in: Congress
from Florida, 1870, 522.
Walker, David S., elected gov

ernor of Florida, 1865, 420.
Walker, Gilbert C., elected gov.
ernor of Virginia, 492.


Walker, L. P., Confederate sec- | Webb, Alexander S., in com-

retary of war, 150.
Hesitates to order an attack
on Fort Sumter, 150.
Walker, Robert J., position re-
specting the Lecompton
bill, 58.

Wallace, Lew, at Shiloh, 177.
In command at Cincinnati,

Wallace-Simpson contested
election case, 465.
War, what are acts of. 145.

Whether necessary, 217, 218.
Existence of, not recognized
in theory by the United
States, 242.

War, the civil, cost of, 214–217.
Avoidable by the adoption of

the Crittenden compromise,
Causes of continuance, 226.
Conditions immediately pre-
ceding the breaking out of,

Act of Confederate provi-
sional congress, May 6, 1861,
respecting conduct of. 242.
The theory upon which it
was prosecuted, 245.
Persistent prosecution of,
urged in Congress, 1865,

Jefferson Davis' views of the
purpose of, January, 1864,

Issues growing out of, the
theme for debate during
the second decade, 354.
Purpose of, 362, 363.
Warden, William W., statement
of facts by, relating to im-
peachment trial of Presi-
dent Johnson, 592, 593.
Warmoth, Henry C., sketch of,
429, 560.

Delegate to Congress, 429.
Elected governor of Louis-
iana, 432, 550.

Statement by, concerning leg-
islative corruption in Louis-
1ana, 553.

Power conferred on, as gov-
ernor in Louisiana, 558.
Exposure by, of legislative
profligacy, 558, 559.
Warner, Hiram, 303.
Washburn, Cadwalader C., con-

gressman, major - general,
and governor, 99.
Washburne, Elihu B., member
Thirty-sixth Congress, 76.
Member committee of thirty-
three, 77.
Washburn, Israel, Jr., member

Thirty-sixth Congress, 90.
Governor of Maine, 90.
Washington, defenses of, 153-

Washington, George, his esti-

mate of slavery, 41.
Watterson, H., discusses in the

House of Representatives
the action of the electoral
commission in the Louis-
iana case, 657.

Watts, Thomas H., governor of
Alabama, 295.

Weaver, James B., presidential
nominee of the Greenback
party, 1880, 674.

Weber, Max, service in expedi-
tion against Hatteras, 1861,

mand of the first reconstruc-
tion district, 296, 492.
Webb's Cross Roads, battle at,
Webster, Edward H., member
Thirty-sixth Congress from
Maryland, 92.

Gave his efforts to the Union
party, 92.

Weed, Thurlow, his statement
of the Seward-Campbell cor-
respondence, 148.

Weitzel, Godfrey, in command

in Richmond, April, 1865,

Wells, H. H., governor of Vir-

ginia, his removal and rein-
statement, 296.

Reason for removal, 492.
Wells, J. Madison, governor of
Louisiana, 349, 429.

Removal of, from governor-
ship by Gen. Sheridan, 545.
Expression of opinion by Gen.
Sheridan respecting, 545.
West Virginia, recognition of,

an extra-constitutional mea-
sure. 341.

Formation of state of, 122.
Abnormal character of its
creation, 421.

Wheeler, William A., member
of committee of Congress
sent to New Orleans to ef-
fect a compromise, 569.
Declared elected Vice-Presi-
dent, 666.

Whig party disbanded, 50.
Whipple, W. D., report by, of
disorder in Mississippi, Ala-
bama. and Georgia, Novem.
ber, 1866, 471.

Whiteley, William G., member
Thirty-sixth Congress, 77, 92.
Member committee of thirty-
three, 77.

Whitefield, George, Rev., rela-

tion of, to early slavery in
Georgia, 37.

Whiting, William, view of con-

nection of slavery with the
civil war, 36.

Whitney, Ely, influence of his

invention of cotton-gin, 37.
Whittlesey, Elisha, 66.
Wickliffe, G. M., impeachment
of, 554.

Wigfall, Louis T., senator Thir-

ty-sixth Congress, 69.
Personal sketch, 69.
Attitude toward the Critten-
den compromise, 79.
Military and civil service to
the Confederacy, 89.
Wilcox, O. B., commander sub-

district of Lynchburg, 486.
Wilderness, battle of the, 197.
Wilkes, Charles, action in case
of Mason and Slidell, 276-281.
Character of, 276.
Commands United States
steamship San Jacinto, 276.
Views of, on the legal position
of the Trent, 276.
Determines to seize the Trent,

Considers Slidell and Mason as
contraband, 277.

Or, as conspirators, 278.
Intercepts the Trent, 278.
Takes off Mason and Slidell,

Releases the Trent, 280.



the navy approves the action
Wilkes, Charles, secretary of
of, in the Trent affair, 281.
Letter acknowledging the
courtesy of, 281.

Mistake of, in the Trent affair,
281, 288, 289.

British cabinet on action of,

. Independence of his action in
Trent affair, 287.

Thanked by House of Repre-
sentatives, 290.

Willard, A. J., chosen associate
justice supreme court of
South Carolina, 504.
Willard, George, member of
committee on the electoral
count, 637.
Williams, Roger, statue of, 26.
Williams, Thomas, member of

committee of investigation
preliminary to impeach-
ment of President Johnson,

One of the managers in the
impeachment of President
Johnson, 585.
Sketch of, 586.
Williamsburg, battle of, 181.
Williamson, Hugh, attitude re-

specting slavery, 41, 43.
Willis, M. E., murder of, 566.
Wilmer, Richard, as bishop of

Alabama, instructs clergy
to omit the prayer for the
President, 408.

Controversy between, and
General Woods, 408, 409.
Wilmot proviso, 55.
Wilson, Henry, senator Thirty-
sixth Congress, 72.
Representative of Puritan
and progressive element of
New England, 86.

Wilson, James F., reports elec-
toral bill from House judi-
ciary committee, Jan. 30,
1865, 342.

Member of committee of in-
vestigation preliminary to
impeachment of President
Johnson, 581.

One of the managers in the
impeachment of President
Johnson, 585.
Sketch of, 586.

Wilson, James H., devastation
of Alabama by, 1865, 402,
Wilson's Creek, battle of, 163.
Winchester, investment of, by
Lee, 1863, 200.
Windom, William, in Congress
and the cabinet, 99.
Winslow, John A., sinks the Al-
abama, 211.




Thirty-sixth Congress, 77.
Member of committee
thirty-three, 77.
Sketch of. 93.

Winthrop, Robert C., 66.
Winthrop, John, statue


His protest against the taking
of slaves to Georgia, 37.
Wisconsin, personal liberty
bill, 1858, 107.

Objection to count of electo-
ral vote of, 1877, 664.
Vote counted, 665.
Walcott, C. P., attorney-gen-
eral of Ohio, 63.

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