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any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

SECT. 2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice-President of the United States, representatives in Congress, the executive and judicial officers of a State, or the members of the legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.

SECT. 3. No person shall be a senator or representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of two thirds of each house, remove such disability.

SECT. 4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations, and claims shall be held illegal and void.

SECT. 5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.

The following amendment was proposed to the legislatures of the several States by the fortieth Congress, on the 27th of February, 1869, and was declared, in a proclamation of the Secretary of State, dated March 30, 1870, to have been ratified by the legislatures of twenty-nine of the thirty-seven States.


SECT. I. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States, or by any State, on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

SECT. 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.




I, note, line 9, for a reply was to this published, read a reply to this was


44, line 24, for conjole, read cajole.

141, line 14, for increase, read decrease.

161, note, line 1, for sixteen, read eighteen.

173, note, line 9, for precedent even by, read precedent by.

191, note, line 4. for and, read in order to.

197, line 2, for propably, read probably.

352, note, line 24, for probable, read problematic.
353, note, line 4, for Hamilton, read Madison.
372, line 27, for permanancy, read permanency.
479, line 1, for their, read there.

527, line 4, for coöperations, read coöperation.
556, line 22, for did leave, read did not leave.


84, line 18, for 7,286, read 37,286.

101, line 25, for defficiency, read deficiency.

184, line 5, for everlooked, read overlooked.

280, note, line 1, for data, read dates.

280, note, line 4, for parts of the funding system, read parts of the defence of

the funding system.

281, line 29, for assented, read dissented.

300, note, line 2, for filed, read filled.

301, line 29, for give, read gives.

309, note, line 6, for accounts of Freneau seems, read attacks of Freneau it


400, line 17, for effect, read affect.

528, line 14, for the the, read the.


1, sub-title, for 1695, read 1795. 9, line 10, for causalty, read casualty. 23, line 19, for with, read which.


35, line 28, for latter, read later.

127, line 2, for the experiment, read experience.

168, line 9, for demise, read devise.

181, note, line 1, for the first argument, read the argument.

226, line 8, for vested, read rested.

339, line 32, for with, read within.

351, line 31, for seldom never, read seldom or never.


15, line 30, for expediency, read inexpediency.

108, line 14, for insurrections, was, read insurrections, and was.

159, line 15, for comtemplated, read contemplated.

229. The reasons for the opinion of Hamilton and Knox are misplaced. They ought to follow their cabinet opinion on page 193.

236, line 17, for take, read taken.

246, line 6, for sevaral, read several.

274, line 15, for imtemperate, read intemperate.

346, line 10, for has accepted, read has not accepted. 508, line 14, for culculation, read calculation.


50, note, line, 8, for agent, read argent. 219, line 10, for Rutherford, read Rutherforth. 229, line 20, for collection, read collections.

231, line 17, for contain, read contains.

326, line 12, for laws, read lands.

354, line 1, for suppose, read supposes.

360, line 14, for magnitude, read gratitude.

410, line 19, for is, read it.

443, line 29, for invasion, read evasion.

508, line 19, for Shawhair, read Shawhan. 510, line 24, for Symn, read Lynn.

512, line 24, for Smilee, read Smilie.


139, line 17, for Hughes, read Hugues.

194, line 10, for the of last, read of the last.
201, line 23, for this, read there.
270, line 12, for students, read studies.
396, line 16, for bonds, read bounds.
444, line 16, for propably, read probably.
450, note, line 17, for back, read backed.



59, line 1, for State, read States.

203, line 20, for inconvenience, read convenience.

273, line 27, for cupreme, read supreme.

304, note, line 2, for constitutionl, read constitutional.

326, line 1, for patry, read party.

456, line 1, for It a, read It is a.

511, for note as it stands, read Sussex County, New Jersey; Washington calls this place simply "The Clove," the name which it bears to-day.

513, line 28, for thosand, read thousand.

557, date of letter, for August, read September.

557, note, line 2, for 10th, read 29th.

585, line 23, for hate saint, read hate a saint.


Contents, page v., line 11, for Thernay, read Ternay.
Contents, page vii., line 15, for Budinot, read Boudinot.
Contents, page vii., line 29. for Wallink, read Willink.
16, line 19, for upraided, read upbraided.

29, in date of letter omit Boston.

76, line 25, for '80, read '81.

134, line 6, for Elsworth, read Ellsworth.


168, last line of note, omit sentence It is given above."

174, note, line 4, for then, read there.

208. Letter to Rufus King, July 15, 1789, misplaced. It should precede letter

to Lafayette, of October 6th.

231, line 9, for this, read thus.

238, line 31, for belive, read believe.

273, note I, line 2, for wrote, read owe.

273, note 2, line 3, for being Jay, read being that Jay.

305. Letter to one of Duer's creditors misplaced. It should follow the next letter, of June 21st, to Washington.

377. Date of letter to Washington should be January 19, 1797, and it should precede letter to W. Smith, p. 442.

400, line 2, for culminating, read calumniating.

402, note, line 6, for St. Pelagie, read Ste. Pelagie.

403, line 31, for elible, read eligible.

442, line 25, for Neufville, read Neuville.

442, note 2, for 1796, read 1797.

452, line 23, for make, read makes.

454, line 6, for ruler, read rulers.

455, line 8, for preserviug, read preserving.

459, line 25, for colleague, read colleagues. 487, line 25, for chamber, read chambre. 509, line 9, for have, read has.

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