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Able, Mrs., sister of Mary Owens, 55,


Adams, Charles Francis, member of
Congress, United States minister to Eng-
land, sent to England, 211
Alabama, State of, admitted as State, 1819,


Alabama, the, Confederate cruiser, sunk by
the Kearsarge, 525
Albemarle, the, Confederate ironclad,
destruction of, October 27, 1864, 525
Albert, Prince Consort, drafts note to
Lord Russell about Trent affair, 247
Alexander II, Czar of Russia, emanci-
pates Russian serfs, 101
Alexandria, Virginia, occupation of, 214
American Party, principles of, 101, 102;
nominates Millard Fillmore for Presi-
dent, 1856, 102
Anderson, Robert, brevet major-general
United States army, transfers his com-
mand to Fort Sumter, 177, 178; reports
condition of Fort Sumter, 182; notified
of coming relief, 188; defense and sur-
render of Fort Sumter, 189, 190; telegram
about Frémont's proclamation, 240; sends
Sherman to Nashville, 254; turns over
command to Sherman, 254; raises flag
over Fort Sumter, 531
Antietam, Maryland, battle of, September
17, 1862, 315
Arkansas, State of, joins Confederacy, 200,
204; military governor appointed for,
419: reconstruction in, 426, 427; slavery
abolished in, 427; slavery in, throttled by
public opinion, 473; ratifies Thirteenth
Amendment, 475
Armies of the United States, enlistment
in, since beginning of the war, 353, 354;
numbers under Grant's command, March,
1865, 507; reduction of, to peace footing,
527; grand review of, 527-529
Armstrong, Jack, wrestles with Lincoln,


Arnold, Samuel, in conspiracy to assas-
sinate Lincoln, 534: imprisoned, 544
Atlanta, Georgia, siege of, July 22 to Sep-
tember 1, 1864, 407,
Atzerodt, George, in conspiracy to assas
sinate Lincoln, 534; assigned to murder
Andrew Johnson, 535; deposits arms in
tavern at Surrattsville, 536; execution of,


Bailey, Theodorus, rear-admiral United
States navy, in expedition against New
Orleans, 284

Bailhache, William H., prints Lincoln's
first inaugural, 168

Baker, Edward D., member of Congress,
United States senator, brevet major-gen-
eral United States Volunteers, at Spring-
field, Illinois, 52; nominated for Congress,
73; in Mexican War, 75

Ball's Bluff, Virginia, battle of, October,
21, 1861, 262
Baltimore, Maryland, Massachusetts Sixth
mobbed in, 193; occupied by General
Butler, 199; threatened by Early, 403;
funeral honors to Lincoln in, 546
Bancroft, George, Secretary of the Navy,
historian, minister to Prussia, letter to
Lincoln, 321

Banks, Nathaniel P., Speaker of the
House of Representatives, major-general
United States Volunteers, in Army of
Virginia, 310; forces under, for defense of
Washington, 317; operations against Port
Hudson, 382; captures Port Hudson,
383, 384; reply to Lincoln, 425; causes
election of State officers in Louisiana,
425, 426; opinion of new Louisiana con-
stitution, 426

Barton, William, governor of Delaware,
reply to Lincoln's call for volunteers,

Bates, Edward, member of Congress,
Attorney-General, candidate for presiden-
tial nomination, 1860, 144; vote for, in
Chicago convention, 149; tendered cab-
inet appointment, 163; appointed Attor-
ney-General, 182; signs cabinet protest,
311; rewrites cabinet protest, 312; re-
signs from cabinet, 491
Beauregard, G. T., Confederate general,
reduces Fort Sumter, 188-190; in com-
mand at Manassas Junction, 215; under-
standing with Johnston, 216; battle of
Bull Run, July 21, 1861, 226-229; coun-
cil with Johnston and Hardee, 267: suc-
ceeds to command at Pittsburg Landing,
273; losses at Pittsburg Landing, 274:
evacuates Corinth, 275; united with
Hood, 409; orders Hood to assume offen-
sive, 410; interview with Davis and
Johnston, 520

Bell, John, member of Congress, Secretary
of War, United States senator, nominated
for President, 1860, 143; vote for, 160
Benjamin, Judah P., United States sen-

ator, Confederate Secretary of State, sug-
gestions about instructions to peace
commissioners, 482; last instructions to
Slidell, 501, 502

Berry, William F., partner of Lincoln
in a store, 35; death of, 36
Big Bethel, Virginia, disaster at, 214
Blackburn's Ford, Virginia, engagement
at, July 18, 1861, 226

Black Hawk, chief of the Sac Indians,
crosses Mississippi into Illinois, 32
Black, Jeremiah S., Attorney-General,
Secretary of State, war of pamphlets with
Douglas, 134
Blair, Francis P., Sr., quarrel with Fré-
mont, 236, 487; asks permission to go
South, 478; interviews with Jefferson
Davis, 479-482; his Mexican project, 479
Blair, Francis P., Jr., member of Con-
gress, major-general United States Vol-
unteers, quarrel with Frémont, 236, 487,
Blair, Montgomery, Postmaster-General,
appointed Postmaster-General, 182; quar-
rel with Frémont, 236, 487, 488; at cabinet
meeting, July 22, 1862, 331, 332; objects to
timefor issuing emancipation proclamation,
340; resolution in Republican platform
aimed at, 446, 487; relations with members
of the cabinet, 488; remarks after Early's
raid, 488; retires from cabinet, 489;
works for Lincoln's reëlection, 489, 490;
wishes to be chief justice, 490; declines
foreign mission, 490

Bogue, Captain Vincent, navigates
Sangamon River in steamer Talisman,
27, 28

Boonville, Missouri, battle of, June 17,
1861, 214
Booth, John Wilkes, personal descrip-
tion of, 534, 535; scheme to abduct Lin-
coln, 535; creates disturbance at Lincoln's
second inauguration, 535; assigns parts
in conspiracy to assassinate Lincoln, 535,
536; final preparations, 536, 537; shoots
the President, 538; wounds Major Rath-
bone, 538; escape of, 539; flight and
capture of, 542, 543; death of, 543; ac-
count at Montreal Bank, 544
Bragg, Braxton, Confederate general,
forces Buell back to Louisville, 275, 276;
threatens Louisville, 379; battle of Perry-
ville, 379; battle of Murfreesboro, 380;
retreat to Chattanooga, 385; Chattanooga
and Chickamauga, 386-392; retreats to
Dalton, 392; superseded by Johnston,
395; his invasion delays reconstruction in
Tennessee, 428
Breckinridge, John C., Vice-President,
Confedetate major-general, and Secretary
of War, nominated for Vice-President,
1856, 104: desires Douglas's reëlection
to United States Senate, 126; nominated
for President. 1860, 143; vote for, 160;
joins the rebellion, 217; required by Davis
to report on Johnston-Sherman agree-

ment, 523

Breckinridge, Robert J., D.D., LL.D.,
temporary chairman Republican national
convention, 1864. 446

Brown, Albert G., member of Congress,
United States senator, questions Douglas,

129; demands congressional slave code,


Brown, John, raid at Harper's Ferry,
trial and execution of, 134

Brown, Joseph E., governor of Georgia,
United States senator, refuses to obey
orders from Richmond, 481
Browning, Orville H., United States
senator, Secretary of the Interior under
President Johnson, at Springfield, Illinois,
52; speech in Chicago convention, 151
Browning, Mrs. O. H., Lincoln's letter
to, 58, 59

Bryant, William Cullen, presides over
Cooper Institute meeting, 138
Buchanan, Franklin, captain United
States navy, admiral Confederate navy,
resigns from Washington navy-yard and
joins the Confederacy, 196
Buchanan, James, fifteenth President of
the United States, nominated for Presi-
dent, 1856, 104; elected President, 105,
108; announces pro-slavery policy, 114;
appoints Walker governor of Kansas,
114; reply to Walker's letter, 115; spe-
cial message recommending Lecompton
Constitution, 115; permits Scott to be
called to Washington, 172; non-action
regarding secession, 176, 177; reconstruc-
tion of his cabinet, 178; rides with Lin-
coln in inauguration procession, 180;
non-coercion doctrine of, 210; signs reso-
lution for constitutional amendment, 476
Buckner, Simon B., Confederate lieuten-
ant-general, stationed at Bowling Green,
254: force of, 263; surrenders Fort Don-
elson, 267, 268

Buell, Don Carlos, major-general United
States Volunteers, succeeds Sherman in
Kentucky, 255; driven back to Louis-
ville, 1862, 258; instructions about East
Tennessee, 258, 259; reluctance to move
into East Tennessee, 260; reluctance to
cooperate with Halleck, 263, 264, 269;
ordered forward to Savannah, 271; ar-
rives at Pittsburg Landing, 273; retreats
to Louisville, 275, 276; battle of Perry-
ville, 379; relieved from command, 380
Bull Run, Virginia, battle of, July 21,
1861, 226-229; second battle of, August
30, 1862, 310, 311
Burnside, Ambrose E., major-general
United States Volunteers, holds Knox-
ville, 1863, 258; commands force in
Roanoke Island expedition, 277, 278;
ordered to reinforce McClellan, 307;
orders arrest of Vallandigham, 358;
appointed to command Army of the Po-
tomac, 363; previous services, 363, 364;
battle of Fredericksburg, 364, 365; re-
lieved from command, 366; ordered to
reinforce Rosecrans, 388; besieged at
Knoxville, 391; repulses Longstreet, 391
Butler, Benjamin F., major-general
United States Volunteers, member of
Congress, occupies Baltimore, 199; orders
concerning slaves, 220-222; instructions
to, about slaves, 223; commands land


force in Farragut's expedition against
New Orleans, 283; in command at New
Orleans, 285; report about negro soldiers,
348, 349; proclaimed an outlaw by Jeffer-
son Davis, 350; seizes City Point, 401;
receives votes for Vice-President at Balti-
more convention, 448
Butler, William, relates incident about
Lincoln, 53

Butterfield, Justin, appointed Commis-
sioner of General Land Office, 92; de-
fended by Lincoln from political attack, 92


George, major-general
United States Volunteers, action in Merry-
man case, 199, 200

Cairo, Illinois, military importance of, 209,


Calhoun, John, appoints Lincoln deputy
surveyor, 39, 40; at Springfield, Illinois,


Cameron, Simon, United States senator,
Secretary of War, candidate for presiden-
tial nomination, 1860, 144: vote for, in
Chicago convention, 149; tendered cabi-
net appointment, 163, 164; appointed
Secretary of War, 182; brings letters of
Anderson to Lincoln, 182; visits Frémont,
242; interview with Sherman, 255; ap-
pointed minister to Russia, 289; reference
to slavery in report to Congress, 320;
moves renomination of Lincoln and Ham-
lin by acclamation, 447
Campbell, John A., justice United

States Supreme Court; Confederate com-
missioner; intermediary of Confederate
commissioners, 183; at Hampton Roads
conference, 482-485; interviews with Lin-
coln, 519
Canby, E. R. S., brevet major-general
United States army, receives surrender
of Taylor, 525; receives surrender of E.
Kirby Smith, 526, 527
Carpenter, Frank B., conversation with
Lincoln about emancipation proclamation,

331, 332

Carpenter, W., defeated for Illinois legis-
lature, 1832, 34; elected in 1834, 43
Carrick's Ford, Virginia, battle of, July
13, 1861, 225

Cartter, David K., announces change of
vote to Lincoln in Chicago convention,

Cartwright, Peter, elected to Illinois
legislature in 1832, 34
Chancellorsville, Virginia, battle of, May
1-4, 1863, 369
Charleston, South Carolina, capture of,
February 18, 1865, 415; burning of, 416
Chase, Salmon P., United States senator,
Secretary of the Treasury, chief justice
United States Supreme Court, candidate
for presidential nomination, 1860, 144;
vote for, in Chicago convention, 149;
summoned to Springfield, 163; appointed
Secretary of the Treasury, 182; questions
McClellan at council of war, 289; signs
cabinet protest, 311; favors emancipation


by military commanders, 332; urges that
parts of States be not exempted in final
emancipation proclamation, 343; sub-
mits form of closing paragraph, 344:
presidential aspirations of, 439-441; letter
to Lincoln, 440, 441; resigns from cabinet,
457; effect of his resignation on the po-
litical situation, 464; looked upon by
radicals as their representative in the
cabinet, 487; hostility to Montgomery
Blair, 488; made chief justice, 490, 491;
note of thanks to Lincoln, 491; opinion
of Lincoln, 491, administers oath of office
to Lincoln at second inauguration, 496;
administers oath of office to President
Johnson, 545
Chattanooga, Tennessee, battle of, No-
vember 23-25, 1863, 389-392
Chickamauga, Tennessee, battle of, Sep-
tember, 18-20, 1863, 386, 387
Clary's Grove, Illinois, settlement of, 24
Clay, Clement C., Jr., United States sen-
ator, Confederate agent in Canada, corre-
spondence with Horace Greeley, 459
Clay, Henry, nominated for President, 28
Clements, Andrew J., member of Con-
gress, elected to Congress, 419
Cleveland, Ohio, funeral honors to Lin-
coln in, 547
Cochrane, John, member of Congress,
brigadier-general United States Volun-
teers, nominated for Vice-President, 1864,

Cold Harbor, Virginia, battle of, June
1-12, 1864, 399


Colfax, Schuyler, member of Congress,
Vice-President, letter to, from Lincoln,
132, 133
Collamer, Jacob, member of Congress,
Postmaster-General, United States sena-
tor, vote for, in Chicago convention, 149
Columbia, South Carolina, capture and
burning of, 415, 416
Columbus, Kentucky, evacuation of, 269
Confederate States of America, formed
by seceding States, 178, 179;
stone" theory, 179; government of, fires
on Fort Sumter, 189; joined by North
Carolina, Tennessee, and Arkansas, 200;
strength of, 204; war measures of,
207; capital removed to Richmond, 207;
strength of, in the West, 263; outcry of,
against emancipation proclamation and
arming of negroes, 350, 351; efficiency
of armies of, in 1863, 370; proclamation
calling on people to resist Sherman's
march, 411, 412; nearly in state of col-
lapse, 481; doomed from the hour of
Lincoln's reëlection, 499; depreciationof its
currency, 499, 500; conscription laws of,
500; Confederate Congress makes Lee
general-in-chief, 500; number of soldiers
in final struggle, 507; flight of, from
Richmond, 515: collapse of the rebellion,
524-527; number of troops surrendered,


Congress of the United States, passes
act organizing territory of Illinois, 19;

fixes number of stars and stripes in the
flag, 19; admits as States Illinois, Ala-
bama, Maine, and Missouri, 19; nullifi-
cation debate in, 38; Lincoln's service in,
75-90; Missouri Compromise, 94-96;
Democratic majorities chosen in, in 1856,
108; agitation over Kansas in, 113:
Senator Brown's resolutions, 141; official
count of electoral votes, 160; appoints
compromise committees, 167; Buchanan's
annual message to, December, 1860, 176,
177; convened in special session by Presi
dent Lincoln, 192; Lincoln's message to,
May 26, 1862, 195; legalizes Lincoln's
war measures, 206; meeting and mea-
sures of special session of Thirty-seventh
Congress, 217-220; Southern unionists
in, 217; Lincoln's message to, July 4,
1861, 218-220; action on slavery, 223;
special session adjourns, 223: House
passes resolution of thanks to Captain
Wilkes, 246; friendly to McClellan, 250;
Lincoln's message of December 3, 1861,
257, 321, 322; interview of border State
delegations with Lincoln, 257, 258, 324,
325; Lincoln's special message, March 6,
1862, 323, 324; passes joint resolution
favoring compensated emancipation, 325;
passes bill for compensated emancipation
in District of Columbia, 325, 326; House
bill to aid emancipation in Delaware,
Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky, Tennes-
sce, and Missouri, 326; slavery measures
of 1862, 329; President's second inter-
view with border slave State delegations,
329-331; President's annual message,
December 1, 1862, 341, 342; passes na-
tional conscription law, 354, 355; act au-
thorizing the President to suspend writ of
habeas corpus, 359, 360; confers rank of
lieutenant-general on Grant, 393; admits
representatives and senators from States
with provisional governments, 419; Presi-
dent's annual message, December 8, 1863,
424; reverses former action about seating
members from "ten-per-cent. States," 424:
bills to aid compensated abolishment in
Missouri, 432; opposition to Lincoln in,
454: action on bill of Henry Winter
Davis, 454; repeals fugitive-slave law,
457: confirms Fessenden's nomination,
458; Lincoln's message of December 5,
1864, 470-472; joint resolution proposing
constitutional amendment to prohibit
slavery throughout United States, 471-
476; the two constitutional amendments
submitted to the States during Lincoln's
term, 475, 476; Senate confirms Chase's
nomination as chief justice, 491
Congress, the, Union sailing frigate,
burned by Merrimac, 280
Constitutional Union Party, candidates
in 1860, 153
Conventions: first national convention of
Whig party, 28; President Jackson gives
impetus to system of, 52; Illinois State
convention nominates Lincoln for Con-
gress, 74, 75; convention of "Know-

Nothing" party, 1856, 102; Bloomington
convention, May, 1856, 103; first national
convention of Republican party, June 17,
1856, 103; Democratic national conven-
tion, June 2, 1856, 104; Democratic na-
tional convention, Charleston, April 23,
1860, 142; it adjourns to reassemble at
Baltimore, June 18, 1860, 143; Constitu-
tional Union Convention, Baltimore, May
9, 1860, 143: Republican national con-
vention, Chicago, May 16, 1860, 144, 147–
151; Decatur, Illinois, State convention,
154; Cleveland convention, May 31,
1864, 441, 442; meeting in New York to
nominate Grant, 442, 443: New Hamp-
shire State convention, January 6, 1864,
443: Republican national convention,
June 7, 1864, 446-449; Democratic na-
tional convention, 1864, postponed, 463:
Democratic national convention meets,
466-468 resolution of Baltimore conven-
tion hostile to Montgomery Blair, 487
Cook, B. C., member of Congress, nomi-
nates Lincoln in Baltimore convention,
447; seeks to learn Lincoln's wishes
about Vice-Presidency, 448
Cooper, Samuel, Confederate adjutant-
general, joins the Confederacy, 208
Corbett, Boston, sergeant United States
army, shoots Booth, 543
Corinth, Mississippi, captured by Halleck,


Couch, Darius N., major-general United
States Volunteers, militia force under, in
Pennsylvania, 372

Cox, Samuel, assists Booth and Herold, 542
Crawford, Andrew, teacher of President
Lincoln, 12

Crittenden, John J., Attorney-General,
United States senator, advocates reëlec-
iton of Douglas to United States Senate,
126; in Thirty-seventh Congress, 217;
presents resolution, 223
Cumberland, the, Union frigate, sunk by
Merrimac, 280

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Senate, 143: elected President of Con-
federate States of America, 179; telegram
to Governor Letcher, 197; proclamation
offering letters of marque to privateers,
205: camp of instruction at Harper's
Ferry, 209; proclamation of outlawry, 350;
message on emancipation proclamation,
350, 351; appoints Hood to succeed
Johnston, 407 visits Hood, and unites
commands of Beauregard and Hood, 409;
interview with Jaquess and Gilmore, 462;
interviews with F. P. Blair, Sr., 479-481;
gives Blair a letter to show Lincoln, 481;
appoints peace commission, 482; in-
structions to peace_commissioners, 482;
reports Hampton Roads conference to
rebel Congress, 485; speech at public
meeting, 485, 486; Confederate Congress
shows hostility to, 500, 501; reappoints
J. E. Johnston to resist Sherman, 501;
recommendations concerning slaves in
rebel army, 501; sanctions Lee's letter to
Grant, 503; conference with Lee, 504;
flight from Richmond, 515; proclamation
from Danville, 519, 520; retreat to Greens-
boro, North Carolina, 520; interview with
Johnston and Beauregard, 520; con-
tinues southward, 520; dictates proposi-
tion of armistice presented by Johnston
to Sherman, 521; requires report from
Breckinridge about Johnston-Sherman
agreement, 523; instructions to John-
ston, 524: attempt to reach E. Kirby
Smith, 525, 526; effort to gain Florida
coast, 526; capture, imprisonment, and
release of, 526

Davis, Mrs. Jefferson, captured with her
husband, 526
Dawson, John, defeated for Illinois legis-
lature, 1832, 34; elected in 1834, 43
Dayton, William L., United States sen-
ator, minister to France, nominated for
Vice-President, 104; vote for, in Chicago
convention, 149
Delano, Columbus, member of Congress,
Secretary of the Interior, in Baltimore
convention, 447
Delaware, State of, secession feeling in,
201; rejects compensated abolishment,
322, 323


Dickinson, Daniel S., United States sen-
ator, candidate for vice-presidential nom-
ination, 1864, 448, 449

Doherty, E. P., lieutenant United States
army, captures Booth and Herold, 543
Donelson, Andrew J., nominated for
Vice-President, 102
Dorsey, Azel W., teacher of President
Lincoln, 12

Democratic Party, party of slavery ex-
tension, 102; nominates Buchanan and
Breckinridge in 1856, 104; disturbed by
Buchanan's attitude on slavery, 116; pro-
slavery demands of, 140, 141; national
conventions of, 1860, 142-144; candidates
in 1860, 152, 153; opposition to emanci-
pation measures and conscription law,
354, 355: adopts McClellan for presiden-
tial candidate, 355; interest in Vallandig-
ham, 358; attitude on slavery, 437, 438,
472, 473; convention postponed, 463;
national convention, 1864, 466-468
Dennison, William, governor of Ohio,
Postmaster-General, permanent chairman
of Republican national convention, 1864,
446; succeeds Blair as Postmaster-Gen-
eral, 489, 490

Douglas, Stephen A., member of Con-
gress, United States senator, at Spring-
field, Illinois, 52; challenges young Whigs
of Springfield to debate, 62; elected to
United States Senate, 75; champions re-
peal of Missouri Compromise, 95; speech
at Illinois State fair, 96; at Peoria, 96;
agreement with Lincoln, 99; on Dred
Scott case, 109, 110; denounces Lecomp-
ton Constitution, 116, 117; hostility of
Buchanan administration toward, 117;
Lincoln-Douglas joint debate, 121-125;
speeches in the South, 128, 129; answer
to Senator Brown, 129; references to Lin-
coln, 130; Ohio speeches, 133; "Harper's
Magazine" essay, 134; fight over nomi-
nation of, for President, 1860, 142-144:
nominated for President, 143; speeches
during campaign of 1860, 156; vote for,


Douglass, Frederick, conversation with

Lincoln, 352

Draft, Congress passes national conscrip-
tion law, 354; opposition of Governor
Seymour to, 355-357; riots in New York,
356, 357. dissatisfaction in other places,
357; opposition of Vallandigham to, 358
Dred Scott case, decision of Supreme
Court in, 108, 109; protest of North
against, 109; Senator Douglas on, 109,


Dresser, Rev. Charles, marries Abra-
ham Lincoln and Mary Todd, 68, 69
Du Pont, Samuel F., rear-admiral United
States navy, commands fleet in Port Royal
expedition, 245

Durant, Thomas J., mentioned in letter
of Lincoln's, 334, 335

Early, Jubal A., Confederate lieutenant-
general, threatens Washington, 403; in-
flicts damage on Blair's estate, 488
Eckert, Thomas T., brevet brigadier-
general United States Volunteers, sent to
meet peace commissioners at Hampton
Roads, 482; refuses to allow peace com-
missioners to proceed, 483
Edwards, Cyrus, desires commissioner-
ship of General Land Office, 92
Edwards, Ninian W., one of "Long
Nine," 63
Edwards, Mrs. Ninian W., sister of
Mrs. Lincoln, 63
Ellsworth, E. E., colonel United States
Volunteers, assassination of, 214
Emancipation, Lincoln-Stone protest, 47:
Lincoln's bill for, in District of Columbia,
86, 87: Missouri Compromise, 94, 95:
Frémont's proclamation of, 236-238; dís

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