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The infatuation of the enemy saved the Americans when they
retreated across the Delaware, p. 150. General Washington


crosses into the Jerseys, defeats a body of Hessians at Trenton, and returns to Pennsylvania, p. 152. Returns to Trenton, p. 154 deceives lord Cornwallis; marches for Princeton; and there attacks the fourth British brigade, p. 156-proceeds to Morristown, while Cornwallis hastens back to Brunswick with all speed, p. 159. Acts of congress and their instructions to their ministers, p. 163. Their resolves for supporting the credit of their paper emissions, and making the same a lawful tender, p. 163. The enormities of the royal troops in the Jerseys and at New-York, p. 165. The whole country of the Jerseys rendered hostile by means of them, p. 166. The American troops guilty of great plundering, p. 168. The American stores at Peek's-kill destroyed by the British, p. 170. The states attempt the regulating of prices, p. 171. The treatment of the American prisoners at New-York, p. 172-the consequences of it, p. 175. The American cruisers make considerable captures, p. 176.

LETTER VII. P. 178-189.

The naval preparations of the house of Bourbon, p. 178. Lord John Cavendish's pointed speech against the measures of government, p. 179. The answer of ministry, p. 179. The bill for empowering the crown to secure persons accused or suspected of high treason, or of piracy, meets with opposition, p. 183. John the Painter, alias James Aitkin, p. 184. Mr. Arthur Lee's correspondence with Mr. Beaumarchais, p. 185. The general assembly of the church of Scotland addresses his majesty, p. 189.

LETTER VIII. P. 190-271.

The committee of congress appointed to enquire into the conduct of the enemy, make their report, p. 191. Governor Tryon sent upon an expedition to Danbury, p. 195. Colonel Meigs's expedition to Sagg-harbour, p. 198. General Howe takes the field, but soon returns to Brunswick, p. 199-removes to Amboy, p. 201-advances unexpectedly from Amboy toward general Washington, p. 202-embarks his army from StatenIsland, ibid. General Scuyler supersedes Gates in the command of the northern army, p. 203. General Burgoyne proceeds with the royal troops from Canada to Crown-point, and issues. out a singular proclamation, p. 204-invests the American posts, p. 206. General St. Clair concludes upon evacuating Tyconderoga and Mount Independence, ibid-his rear guard attacked by general Frazer, p. 208-he joins Scuyler at Fort Edward, p. 210. The state of Scuyler's army, p. 211. General Prestot surprised and carried off from Rhode-Island by lieut. col.


Barton, p. 213. Sir William Howe sails from Sandy-Hook while Washington is greatly perplexed about his destination, ibid-lands his troops at Elk ferry in Maryland, while Washington marches with his troops toward the Brandywine, p. 215 Acts of congress, p. 216. Some account of the marquis de la Fayette, p. 218. General Gates elected to command the northern army, and to relieve Scuyler, p. 219. General Sullivan's expedition to Staten-Island, p. 220. The report of the committee of congress respecting the quakers, p. 222. Sir W. Howe attacks the Americans at the Brandywine, and defeats them, p. 224. General Washington having retreated to Philadelphia, quits the city, with a full resolution of passing the Scuylkill and giving Sir William battle, p. 227-re-crosses the Scuylkill, p. 229. General Wayne attacked by general Grey, ibid. Sir William Howe deceives the American commander, crosses the Scuylkill unexpectedly, and enters Philadelphia, ibid.Lord Howe conducts the fleet to the Delaware, p. 230. General Washington surprises the British troops at German-town, p. 282. St. Leger invests Fort Stanwix, p. 237-the militia narching to relieve are surprised and beaten, p. 238. Arnold undertakes to relieve it, and succeeds, p. 239. Burgoyne sends a body of Germans to surprise the American stores at Bennington, p. 242-they are defeated by Stark, who commands the New-Hampshire militia, p. 243. Letters between Burgoyne and Gates, p. 245. An account of Miss M'Crea's death, ibid. Lincoln sends colonel Brown to lake George to release the American prisoners, and destroy the British stores, p. 247. The Americans under general Gates engage the British under Burgoyne, p. 248. Sir H. Clinton attacks and takes forts Montgomery and Clinton, p. 253. A second engagement between Burgoyne and Gates, p. 255. The distress and calamity of the royal army, p. 258. The funeral of general Frazer, p. 259. The Americans accidentally prevented, when about attacking the royal troops under great disadvantages, p. 261Burgoyne is baffled in his design of gaining Fort Edward, p. 263

enters upon a treaty with Gates, p. 264-signs the convention, p. 265. Esopus burnt by the troops under Vaughan, p. 268. The convention troops pass through the center of the Americans as they begin their march to Boston, without meeting with the least insult, p. 269.

LETTER IX. P. 272–304.

Count Donop repulsed in the attack upon Red-bank, p. 272. The American and British force under Washington and Howe, p. 273. Mud-Island, p. 274-reduced p. 276. The Ame

rican army at White Marsh, p. 277-hut at Valley-forge, p. 278 their distress, ibid. Complaints of prisoners being ill used, p. 280. Mr. president Hancock takes leave of congress, p. 282. The confederation, p. 285. Acts of congress, p. 293resolve to recal Mr. Silas Deane, p. 294-resolve respecting a loan from France and Spain, p. 296-respecting the deputy clothier general at Boston, p. 297. The convention troops at Cambridge, and the resolutions of congress for their detention, p. 298. Naval captures, p. 203.

LETTER X P. 305-328.

A design to remove general Washington from the command of the American army, p. 305. Congress receive a packet of blank papers, p. 308. The distresses of the Americans at Valley-forge, p. 310. Washington's thoughts upon providing halfpay for the officers, ibid. Defects in the American medical department, p. 314. Acts of congress, p. 317. They receive the treaties concluded between the king of France and the United States, p. 320-address the inhabitants of the United States, p. 322. The South-Carolinians new model their temporary form of government, p. 324. The Randolph frigate blown up, p. 325. The Mischianza in honor of Sir W. Howe, p. 327. The marquis de la Fayette, with 2500 men, narrowly escapes being cut off by the British forces, ibid.

LETTER XI, P. 328-343.

The conduct of the French, p. 329. Upon the news of the Saratoga convention, the American commissioners are received by the court in their public character, p. 331. Preliminaries of a treaty are delivered to them, p. 332. The London merchants raise money for the relief of the American prisoners, ibid. Ministerial attempts for raising a body of troops by a voluntary supply from the people, p. 333. The treaties between France and the United States are signed, p. 335. Lord North's conciliatory propositions, p. 336. General Gates's letter to the earl of Thanet, p. 337. The French rescript informing the British court of the treaty between France and the United States, and the same laid before the house of commons, p. 338. The American commissioners have a public audience of the French king, p. 339. Lord Chatham seized with a fainting, while engaged in speaking against the acknowledgment of American independence, p. 340. Count d'Estaing sails from Toulon, p. 341. An act passed for relieving the papists, ibid. Admiral Keppel sails on a cruise off Ushant, p. 342.


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LETTER XII. P. 843-350.

Accounts of admiral Keppel, p. 343. He engages the French fleet under count d'Orvilliers, p. 347-returns to Plymouth, p. 348.

LETTER XIII. P. 350-397.


The British commissioners for restoring peace arrive at Philadelphia, p. 351. The British army under Sir Henry Clinton evacuate that city, p. 352. The American army pursue them, p. 354. Sir H. Clinton changes the disposition of his troops, General Lee, with the advanced American corps, ordered to fall upon the rear of the British. p. 356. Some firing between them, p. 359. Lee's corps retreat, p. 360. Wash ington meets the troops, and orders them to make a stand, p. 361. The British are checked, p. 363-and at length compelled to give way, ibid. They arrive at Sandy-Hook, p. 364. General Lee has charges exhibited against him, and is tried, p. 365. Lord Howe arrives at Sandy-Hook with the fleet from Philadelphia, p. 367. Count d'Estaing's fleet anchors without the Hook, p. 368. The count sails for Newport, p. 369. General Sullivan, with a body of Americans, crosses over to Rhode-Island, p. 371. A violent storm prevents an engagement between lord Howe and count d'Estaing, ibid. French decline prosecuting the expedition against Newport, p. 372. Sullivan's troops engage the British, p. 373-and then retreat from off the island, p. 375. The British expedition against Bedford, p. 376. Governor Johnstone's attempts to corrupt certain members of congress, p. 377. Congress resolve to hold no intercourse with him, ibid. The British commissioners appeal to the people, p. 378-publish a valedictory manifesto and proclamation, p. 379. Acts of congress, p. 381. Mr. Gerard, the French plenipotentiary, has a public audience, p. 381. The choice of Dr. Franklin, by congress, for their minister plenipotentiary at the court of France, and their instructions to him, p. 382. The Indian expeditions against the Connecticut settlers at Wyoming, p. 385. Colonel Clarke's expedition into the Indian country, p. 390. The British expedition to Egg-harbour, p. 391. Quarrels between the Americans and French at Charleston, in South-Carolina, and at Boston, p. 393. Count d'Estaing and his officers entertained at Boston, ibid-he sails from thence, p. 395. President Laurens's letter to governor Houston, p. 397.


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