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that and the preceding day, and it being general thanks you. Your countrymen apparent that you had received, and are proud of your deeds on the bloody were still receiving reinforcements, I felt field of Shiloh, and confident of the ultiit my duty to withdraw my troops from mate success of your valor. Soldiers, unthe immediate scene of the conflict. Un- toward events saved the enemy from ander these circumstances, in accordance nibilation. His insolent presence still with the usages of war, I shall transmit pollutes your soil. His hostile flag still this under a flag of truce, to ask permis- flaunts before you. There can be no sion to send a mounted party to the bat- peace as long as these things are. Trusttle-field of Shiloh, for the purpose of giv- ing that God is with us, as he was with ing decent interment to my dead. Cer- our fathers, let us seek to be worthy of tain gentlemen, wishing to avail them- His favor, and resolve to be independent selves of this opportunity to remove the or perish in the struggle.” In a message remains of their sons and friends, I must " to the Senate and House of Representarequest for them the privilege of accom- tives of the Confederate States of Amerpanying the burial party; and in this ica," on the 8th of April. after the reconnection I deem it proper to say I am ceipt of the news of the first day's battle, asking what I have extended to your own President Jefferson Davis paid a warm countrymen under similar circumstances.” tribute to the memory of his friend, the To this General Grant replied on the 9th : slain commander-in-chief, General John"Your dispatch of yesterday is just re- ston: “ The great importance of the news ceived. Owing to the warmth of the wea- just received from Tennessee," he wrote, ther I deemed it advisable to have all the has induced me to depart from the es
“ dead of both parties buried immediately. tablished usages, and to make to you this Heavy details were made for this pur-communication in advance of official repose, and it is now accomplished. There ports. From official telegraphic dispatches cannot, therefore, be any necessity of received from official sources, I am able admitting within our lines the parties you to announce to you, with entire confidesired to send on the grounds asked. I dence, that it has pleased Almighty God sball always be glad to extend any cour- to crown the Confederate arms with a tesy consistent with duty, and especially glorious and decisive victory over our inso when dictated by humanity.” A few vaders. On the morning of the 6th the days after this correspondence on the 17th converging columns of our army were of April, General Beauregard issued the combined by its commander-in-chief, following address from his headquarters General Albert Sidney Johnston, in an at Corinth : "Soldiers of the Army of the assault on the Federal army, then enMississippi : You have bravely fought the camped near Pittsburg, on the Tennessee invaders of your soil for two days, in his river. After a hard-fought battle of ten own position ; fought your superior in hours, the enemy was driven in disorder numbers, in arms, in all the appliances from his position, and pursued to the of war.
Your success has been great. Tennessee river, where, under cover of His losses have been immense-outnum- the gunboats, he was, at last accounts, bering yours in all-save personal worth endeavoring to effect his retreat by aid of the slain. You drove him from his of his transports. The details of this camps to the shelter of his iron-clad gun- great battle are yet too few and incomboats, which alone saved him from com- plete to enable me to distinguish with plete disaster. You captured his artillery, merited praise all of those who may have more than twenty-five flags and standards, conspicuously earned the right to such and took over 3,000 prisoners. You have distinction, and I prefer to delay our own done your duty.
duty. Your commanding gratification in recoinmending them to
your special notice, rather than incur the of our country, there exists no purer risk of wounding the feelings of any by spirit, no more heroic soul, than that of failing to include them in the list. When the illustrious man whose death I join such a victory has been won over troops you in lamenting. In his death he has as numerous, well disciplined, armed and illustrated the character for which through appointed as those which have just been life he was conspicuous—that of singleso signally routed, we may well conclude ness of purpose, and devotion to duty that one common spirit of unflinching with his whole energies. Bent on obbravery and devotion to our country's taining the victory which he deemed escause must have animated every breast, sential to his country's cause, he rode on from that of the commanding general to to the accomplishment of his object, forthat of the humblest patriot who served getful of self, while his very life-blood in the ranks. There is enough in the was fast ebbing away. His last breath continued presence of invaders on our cheered his comrades on to victory. The soil to chasten our exultation over this last sound he heard was their shout of brilliant success, and to remind us of the victory. His last thought was his coungrave-duty of continued exertion until we try, and long and deeply will his country shall extort from a proud and vain- mourn his loss.” glorious enemy the reluctant acknowledg- If to Jefferson Davis belonged the ment of our right to self-government. privilege of congratulating his command
“But an all-wise Creator has been on the honors of the 6th of April at Shipleased, while vouchsafing to us His loh, to the Union commanders and the countenance in battle, to afflict us with a government at Washington fell the gratesevere dispensation, to which we must sul task of recording in bulletins and bow in humble submission. The last long, proclamations the more decisive victory, lingering hope has disappeared, and it is crowning the work of the second day's but too true that General Albert Sidney engagement. On the field, by the head Johnston is no more. The tale of his of the Department at Washington, it was death is simply narrated in a dispatch everywhere made the subject of generous from Colonel William Preston, in the fol- exultation. General Halleck, from his lowing words : ‘General Johnston fell new headquarters of the army of the Misyesterday at half-past two o'clock, while sissippi, at Pittsburg, in a bulletin dated leading a successful charge, turning the April 13, thus addressed the armies on enemy's right, and gaining a brilliant vic- the Tennessee :-“The Major-General tory. A minié ball cut the artery of his commanding this department thanks Maleg, and he rode on until from the loss of jor-General Grant and Major-General blood he fell exhausted, and died with Buell, and the officers and men of their out pain in a few moemnts. His body respective commands, for the bravery and has been entrusted to me by General endurance with which they sustained the Beauregard, to be taken to New Orleans, general attacks of the enemy on the 6th, and remain until directions are received and for the heroic manner in which, on the from his family.' My long and close 7th inst., they defeated and routed the friendship with this departed chieftain entire rebel army. The soldiers of the and patriot forbid me to trust myself in Great West have added new laurels to giving vent to the feelings which this sad those which they had already won on nuintelligence has evoked. Without doing merous fields. While congratulating the injustice to the living, it may safely be troops on their glorious successes, the asserted that our loss is irreparable. commanding General desires to impress Among the shining hosts of the great and upon all, officers as well as men, the negood that now cluster around the banner Icessity of greater discipline and order.
These are essential to the success as to Curtis and Sigel, and the officers and the health of the army, and, without them, soldiers of their command, for matchless we cannot long expect to be victorious ; gallantry at the bloody battle of Pea but with them, we can march forward to Ridge, and to Major-Generals Grant and new fields of honor and glory, till this Buell, and their forces, for the glorious wicked rebellion is completely crushed repulse of Beauregard at Pittsburg, in out, and peace restored to our country." Tennessee, and to Major-General Pope, The same day, General Halleck address and his oflicers and soldiers, for the braed the following communication to Secre- very and skill displayed in their operatary Stanton : "Sir : It is the unanimous tions against the rebels and traitors inopinion here that Brigadier-General W. trenched at Island No. 10, in the MissisT. Sherman saved the fortune of the day sippi river. Their daring courage, dilion the 6th, and contributed largely to the gent prosecution, persistent valor, and glorious victory of the 7th. He was in military achievements are unsurpassed. the thickest of the fight on both days, Fourth, That there shall this day be a having three horses killed under him, and salute of one hundred guns from the being wounded twice. I respectfully re- United States arsenal at Washington in quest that he be made a major-general honor of these great victories.” of volunteers, to date from the 6th inst.” President Lincoln, also, on the 10th
Connecting the battle with the contem- of April, issued the following Proclamaporary brilliant successes at Pea Ridge tion, enjoining thanksgiving for the reand Island No. 10, Secretary Stanton is- cent victories :-"It has pleased Almighsued from the War Department, on the ty God to vouchsafe signal victories to 9th of April, the following bulletin :- the land and naval forces engaged in
Ordered—First, That at meridian of suppressing an internal rebellion, and the Sunday next after the receipt of this at the same time to avert from our order, at the head of every regiment in country the dangers of intervention and the armies of the United States, there invasion. It is therefore recommended shall be offered by its chaplain a prayer to the people of the United States that giving thanks to the Lord of Hosts for at their next weekly assemblages, in the recent manifestations of his power in their accustomed places of public worthe overthrow of the rebels and traitors, ship, which shall occur after the notice and invoking the continuance of his aid of this proclamation shall have been rein delivering this nation by the arms of ceived, they especially acknowledge and patriot soldiers from the horrors of trea- render thanks to our Heavenly Father son, rebellion, and civil war. Second, for these inestimable blessings; that they That the thanks and congratulations of the then and there implore spiritual consolaWar Department' are tendered to Major- tions in behalf of all those who have General Halleck for the signal ability been brought into affliction by the casuand success that have distinguished all alties and calamities of sedition and civil the military operations of his depart- war, and that they reverently invoke ment, and for the spirit and courage the Divine guidance for our National manifested by the army under his com- Counsels to the end that they may mand under every hardship and against speedly result in the restoration of every odds, in attacking, pursuing, and peace, harmony, and unity throughout destroying the enemy wherever he could our borders, and hasten the establishbe found. Third, That the thanks of the ment of fraternal relations among all the Department are also given to Generals Countries of the Earth.”