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through all the exercises in Orthography, adapted to produce a radical improvement Murray's Exercises; a new and improvSyntax, Punctuation, and Rhetorical con- in this very important department of Eng-ed stereotype edition, in which references struction.

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PUBLISHED and for sale by Lincoln & ise them. The Promiscuous Exercises in each of EDMANDS, 59 Washington-street (53 Corn- Feb. 1. the four parts of False Grammar, in both hill.] volumes, have figures, or letters of the al- Walker's School Dictionary, printed on

JUST PUBLISHED, phabet, introduced, referring to the partic. a fine paper, on handsome stereotype plates. BY R. P. & C. Williams, 79 Washingular rule or principle by which nearly eve- The Elements of Arithmetic, by James ry, individual correction is to be made. Robinson, jr.: an appropriate work for ton-street, Boston, Great care and vigilance have been exer- the first classes in schools.

A Letter from a Blacksmith to the Mincised to prevent defects of the press in The American Arithmetic, by James isters and Elders of the Church of Scotthese editions, as well as to correct the nu. Robinson, jr.; intended as a Sequel to the land, in which the manner of Public Wormerous errors which have found their way Elements. This work contains all the gen-ship in that Church is considered, its incon. into the various editions of these works eral rules which are necessary to adapt it veniences and defects pointed out, and now in circulation. There can be no haz- to schools in cities and in the country, em- methods for removing them humbly proard in saying, that there is no American bracing Commission, Discount, Duties, An- posed. edition, either of Murray's Exercises or nuities, Barter, Guaging, Mechanical Pow- Be not rash with thy mouth, and let not thine Key, so correct as the English Teacher, ers, &c. &c. Although the work is put at heart be basty to utter any thing before God, for and the Boston “ Improved Stereotype Edi- a low price, it will be found to contain a let thy words be few. Eccl

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Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. No. 1 Cornhill, Boston.- -Terms, $5 per annum, payable in July.
BOSTON, MARCH 15, 1825.

No. 23.

published in this country sooner or later, /ferent places abroad, a paraphrase of Horace's Art

and as Mr Dallas shows satisfactorily, that of Poetry, which would be a good finish to English Recollections of the Life of Lord Byron, either to the family of Lord Byron, or to dertook its publication, as I had done that of the they are not of a kind to be offensive, Bards and Scotch Reviewers. *** He seemed to

promise himself additional fame from it, and I unfrom the year 1808 to the end of 1814; the good taste or feelings of the commu- Satire. *** I looked over the Paraphrase, which I exhibiting his Early Character and Opinions, detailing the Progress of his Literary nity.

bad taken bome with me, and I must say, I was Career, and including various unpublish

The origin of this work is thus described. grievously disappointed. *** In not disparaging

this poem, however, next day, I could not refrain ed passages of his works.

Taken from

Having been in habits of intimacy, and in fre- from expressing some surprise that he had written Authentic Documents, in the possession of quent correspondence with soud By con, from the nothing else; upon which, he told me that he had

year 1808 to the end of 1814, which correspon occasionally written short poems, besides a great the Author. By the late R* C. Dallas, dence about that period ceased, Mr Dallas had many stanzas in Spenser's measure, relative to the Esq. To which is prefixed an Account of many times heard him read portions of a book in countries he had visited. • They are not worth the Circumstances leading to the Suppress- which his Lordship inserted his opinion of the per troubling you with, but you shall have them all ion of Lord Byron's Correspondence with sons with whom he mixed. This book, Lord By: with you, if you like.' So came I by Childe Harthe Author, and his Letters to his mother, ron said, he intended

for publication after his death; old’s Pilgrimage. He said it had been read but by lately announced for publication. Phila- and, from

this idea. Mr Dallas

, at a subsequent per one person, who had found very little to commená,

riod, adopted that of writing a faithful delineation and much to condemn; that he himself was of that delphia. 1825. 8vo. pp. 222.

of Lord Byron's character, such as he had known opinion, and he was sure I should be so too; but We believe that some have entertained an him, and of leaving it for publication after the he was urgent that the Hints from Horace' should incorrect opinion respecting this work. It death of both; and, calculating upon the buman be immediately put in train, which I promised to

probability of Lord Byron's surviving himself, he have done. How much he was mistaken as to my has been supposed that its publication was meant the two posthumous works should thus ap- opinion, the following letter shows. ** * Attentive prevented in England by a chancery in- pear simultaneously. Mr Dallas's work was com- as he had hitherto been to my opinions and sugjunction; and that it therefore probably pleted

in the year 1919; and, in November of that gestions, and natural as it was, that he should be contained matter offensive to the relations year, he wrote to inform Lord Byron of his inteud- swayed by such decided praise, I was surprised to ed purpose.

find that I could not at first obtain credit with Lord of Lord Byron, or such as was, for other

The event proved the fallacy of human probabili- Byron for my judgment on Childe Harold's Pilconsiderations, improper to be published. ty- Mr Dallas lived, at seventy, to see the death of grimage. It was any thing but poetry--it had The truth is, that certain letters only, Lord Byron, at thirty-seven.

been condemned by a good critic*-had I not my which originally formed a part of it, were Much, bowever, of the contents of the self seen the sentences on the margins of the man. forbidden to be published by the Lord original manuscript is said to be omitted in uscript ?'*** He at length seemed impressed by Chancellor; and the question concerning the present work, for obvious reasons. The my perseverance, and took the poem into consider these seems not to have been, whether or author of it, Mr Dallas, sen., died soon any of the stanzas, but they could not be published

ation. He was at first unwilling to alter, or omit not they were improper, as containing per after the settlement of the legal question; as they stood *** (and he afterwards) undertook to sonal or criminal allusions, but whether the editor is his son, who is in holy orders. curtail and soften them. *** I did all I could to they were the literary property of the pub- These Recollections do not throw much raise his opinion of this composition, and I suclisher. The law on this subject, as laid new light upon the character of their sub- ceeded; but he varied much in his feelings about down by Lord Eldon, is as follows. ject; nor do they tend to alter the opinion world decided on its merit.

it, nor was he, as will appear, at his ease until the

He said again and . If A writes a letter to B, B has the property in we expressed of his Lordship in our review again, that I was going to get him into a scrape that letter, for the purpose of reading and keeping of Captain Medwin's book. The author was with his old eneories, and that none of them would it, but no property in it to publish it.

a very different person from the Captain, rejoice more than the Edinburgh Reviewers at an Mr Dallas contends that most of the let- to be sure.

He was a relation of the poet, opportunity to humble him. ters in question were addressed to Lord and, as such, was proud of his talents, and Mr Dallas found it nearly as difficult to Byron's mother, and given to him by bis a little vain of being connected with him. persuade the booksellers to undertake the Lordship, to dispose of as he should think He was deeply interested in his character publication. best. Whatever passed between them on and conduct, and laboured with commendathis subject, however, was verbal and unwit- ble zeal to make him a good, as well as a joining him the strictest secrecy as to the author.

I carried it to Miller, and left it with him, ennessed, and on that account not sufficient great man. Though bis Lordship appears in a few days, by appointment I called again to to take the case from under the law. The to have regarded him with some gratitude know his decision. He declined publishing it. He letters, therefore, could not be published and respect, Mr Dallas' attempt to improve noticed all my objections; his critic had pointed without the permission of the executors, bis moral and religious character was, as is them out; but his chief objection he stated to be Messrs Hobhouse and Hanson,—and this well known, completely unsuccessful; and the manner

in which Lord Ælgin

was treated in the permission was refused. soon after the period, when these Recol- Next to these I wished to oblige Mi Murray, ***

poem, he was his bookseller and publisher. *** If we understand the case, the work be. lections terminate, that is, about the year I now had it in my power, and I put Childe Harfore us is the same, or nearly the same, as it 1816, it was relinguished in despair. old's Pilgrimage into his hands. *** He took some would have been if no injunction had been The most curions part of this book is the days to consider, during which he consulted his granted, with the omission of the letters literary history of the Childe Harold, of literary advisers, among whom, no doubt, was Mr abovementioned. This omission was a matter which we shall extract several portions, view. That Mr Gifford gave a favourable opinion

Gifford, who was the editor of the Quarterly Reof necessity in England, but it appears, from endeavouring, as far as possible, to give in 1 afterwards learned from Mr Murray himself; but the observations of the editor, that it was this way an abridgment of it, as here relat- the objections (religious and political) I have statpublished in Paris in its original form. We ed. On the first interview between. Mr ed stared him in the face, and he was kept in sus think, therefore, that the American pub- Dallas and his Lordship, on bis return from pense by the desire of possessing a work of Lord lishers would have found little difficulty in his travels in 1811, the latter observed tion. We came to this conclusion; that he should

Byron's, and the fear of an unsuccessful specula. giving us the whole,--which would have that been much more acceptable; especially as He believed satire to be his forte, and to that he * It does not appear who this critic was. We there can be no doubt that they will be had adhered, having written, during his stay at dif- think he would hardly wish to be known.


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print, at his expense, a handsome quarto edition, ings of the author of these Recollections, 1 soon lose his wreath, but there are none the profits of which I should share equally with and we cannot but sympathize, in some de- who deny the great excellence of his prose him, and that the agreement for the copyright gree, with his indignation. This noble composition. His style is remarkable vom should depend upon the success of this edition.

** While Childe Harold was preparing to be property was a grant from Henry VIII. to its vivacity and directness; the fervour of put into the printer's hands, Lord Byron was very the ancestors of the poet, and the estate composition is never quenched, never abatanxious for the speedy appearance of the imita- had ever since descended regularly in the ed; he understands bimself well, and, as it tion of Horace, ** * which I was nevertheless family. It was valued at more than half a must be with those who think clearly and most desirous of retarding at least, if noi suppress-million dollars. Moreover, came to his are in earnest, his language is perspicuous ing altogether.

Lordship in the line of collateral descent, and strong. He appears to write with great Mr Dallas' perseverance was well re- he being only grand-nephew to the former facility ; to throw off his thoughts as they warded. The first edition of the Pilgrim- proprietor, while he left behind him a arise, and in the garb which they volunage was sold in three days, and its author, cousin to inherit a barren title. As re- tarily assume, as if it were an unnecessary who, before its appearance, had become less publicans, indeed, we must “abhor a per- and unworthy toil, to labour upon mere anxious for that of the “Horatian Hints,” | petuity,” and congratulate ourselves that expressions. No doubt, his style is often at last consented to suppress the latter al- our laws and customs alike prevent the en- elaborated with great care, and his finest together. A singular circumstance attend-tailment or continuation of estates, undi- passages owe probably as much of their exed the publication of the Childe Harold. vided, through a series of generations ;- cellence to his industry as to his ability. It was announced for the first of March; but opposing in this respect the natural feeling, But he is artful enough to conceal his art; circumstances prevented its appearance, which leads individuals to desire such per- for no writer appears, especially to readers as intended, to the serious vexation of Mr petuities in their own particular cases. who do not read to criticise, to labour less, Dallas, whose review of it in a periodical | Yet, as men, we cannot but entertain a or to abandon himself more entirely to the journal did actually appear on that day. mean opinion of the heart, which was either impulses of bis heart or inagination. There Luckily the subject of it was issued so soon so destitute of that feeling, or had so far are scholars, wbo are men of fine sense and after, and excited so much admiration, that diminished its power by yielding to the in- much general ability, but are not gifted with no one thought of ridiculing the review, Auence of debasing passions, as to be will the power of fluent and varied expression. which in fact proved an excellent adver- ing, without urgent necessitý, to set a price They are poor in words; and this poverty tisement for the poem, which was deliver- upon a mansion which had been the “bome of language, whatever may be thought of it, ed as fast as it could be put up in sheets. of his forefathers” for three centuries. But has an injurious intluence, if not upon the

It is unnecessary to speak of the adulation this is not the worst. He had given his mind, at least upon its literary creations. which was immediately lavished upon Lord solemn and written promise to his inother, The attention is diverted from the thought Byron. But Childe Harold's Pilgrimage and pledged his honour repeatedly to Mr to its exponent; words must be sought with brought at once glory and ruin to its author. Dallas, that Newstead and he should be effori, and labour bestowed upon them, Among other gratulatory epistles, he re- ior ver inseparable.

which might be employed otherwise to adceived one from a lady, beginning with

I have heard [says Mr Dallas] that the pur- vantage ;-but there is a greater evil yet; “Dear Childe Harold,” enclosing a copy chaser means to remove the Abbey as rubbish, and when the march of thought and imagination of verses, and concluding with the assur- to build a modern villa upon its site. It may be as is stopped at every moment, while the reance that though she should be glad to be well for the poet's tanie ; for though bis genius luctant memory yields up the necessary acquainted with him, she can feel no other night mande every stone from the toundation to words, it must be difficult to urge the mind

pinnacles, it would sale emotion for him than admiration and re

forward with such force and activity, that gard, as ber heart is already engaged to and we agree with him entirely.

its own molion may enkindle it, and give to

In the course of this work we noticed its emanations brightness and warmth. No another." This , as the editor observes in another many circumstances which tend to contirm impediments lie in the path of Mr Southey ;

the opinion which we expressed, in a pre- his affluence of language is limited only place, led immediately to the most disgraceful liaison of ceding number, of the general authenticity with the reach of his native tongue, and

of the Conversations of Captain Medwin. his words come not unwillingly. He seems which he has not scrupled to boast. There was something so disgusting in the forwardness of the The author seems to have imagined that to deliver himself up to his subject ; and, person who wrote, as well as deterring in the enor his Recollections would tend, on the whole, though often eloquent, pathetic, or even mity of the criminal excesses of which this letter to place the character of Lord Byron in a sublime, there is a naturalness in the most was the beginning, that he should have been rous. more favourable point of view than it has splendid and powerful passages, which comed against such a temptation at the Srst glance. hitherto enjoyed. We differ from him in this pels the reader to believe, that his loftiest But the sudden gust of public applause had just blown upon him, and having raised him in its particular, and are rather afraid that the flights are reached almost without consciouswhirlwind above the earth, he had already begun more we learn of his Lordship's feelings and ness, and always without effort. There is to deify himself in his own imagination; and tnis conduct, the less we shall like them.

too in the very harmony of his diction, someincense came to him as the first offered upon his altar. He was intoxicated with its fumes; and book by remarking, that the hand of the ally carried quite too far, as there are pas

We shall conclude our observations on this thing of the same character; it is occasionclosing his mind against the light that had so long book-maker is rather too obvious, and that sages which cannot be read without the crept in at crevices, and endeavoured to shine through every transparent part, he called darkness ali wbich is really interesting to the Ameri- regular cadence of measured rhythm; but light, and the bitter sweet, and said peace when can public, at least, might have been com- it seems to be the result, not of artifice, but there was no peace.

prised within a much smailer space. of the willing obedience by which a throngIt may be observed that the copy-right

ing multitude of words acknowledge the of this poem, as well as of some others, was

sway of a tuneful ear. given to Mr Dallas by his Lordship, who The Book of the Church. By Robert Southey, made a principle, at that time at least, of

Esq. LL. D. Poet Laureate. Honorary works of this author must be interesting in

It might well be expected, that all the not receiving any thing for his literary

Member of the Royal Spanish Academy, no common degree; and the “ Book of the

&c. &c. &c. From the Second London Church” is eminently so. Few readers will performances. A copy of Lord Byron's maiden speech

Edition. In two Volumes. Boston. 1825. lay it down until they have gone through it,

8vo. is here given. It is eloquently written,

and few, we think, will wish it had been and was well received, but, according to MR SOUTHEY is unquestionably one of the less. It has, however, faults of a serious Mr Dallas, bis delivery was bad, resem. best prose writers of this day. There are nature ;—which will lessen its usefulness. bling that of a school-boy repeating from various opinions respecting ihe merits and with all readers, and its interest with those memory

character of his poetry; the Laureate of who require that a work, the end of which. But the sale of Newstead Abbey seems England, if his rank were to abide the is instruction, should be characterized by to have been the unkindest cut to the feel- judgment of some powerful critics, would due regard for truth and impartiality. “The Book of the Church” is intended to be, and is, , lent party, who identify church and state, father's throne, and acquire greater power than any a panegyric upon the Church Establishment and cling to them as if they formed indeed of the Anglo-Saxon princes had possessed before of England. The author distinctly avows their rock of temporal salvation. Now what him; and he asked of him, in requital for these

happy fore-tidings, that wben they should be fulhis purpose. He conceives that so inany of proof can be so cogent, as to force upon the billed, he would sisten to instructions which would his countrymen would not be insensible to, belief an absurdity so great, as that Mr then be offered to him, and which would lead him and ungrateful for, the benefits which they Southey, in composing this work, felt and into the way of eternal life. This Edwin readily derive from their church, if they knew how wrote as a strictly impartial historian. On promised; with that the stranger laid his hand upon many and how vast these benefits are, " and the other hand, he knows well, that the the head of the royal exile, saying, When this sign

shall be repeated, remember what has passed beat how dear a price they were purchased for sources of information to which he must tween us now, and perform the word which you our inheritance; by what religious exertions, resort are accessible to all; that the facts have given. what heroic devotion, what precious lives, upon which he must rely are seldom obscure

Edwin afterwards subdued his enemies, consumed in pious labours, wasted away in and uncertain, and that he will be watched dungeons, or offered up amid the flames.” by those, whose ability and zeal it must be recovered his kingdom, and married a chrisHe has written his work, and now offers it difficult to elude. One would suppose, there- tian princess. One day, while he was medito fathers, and all who with parental feel fore, that he would lean strongly to the side tating in solitude, Paulinus, a missionary

from Rome, entered the room, ings discharge parental duties, because a of his church; that his statements would be knowledge of these things

coloured, and a few obvious facts and prin- and laying his hand upon the king's head, asked might arm the young heart against the pestilent ciples overlooked, and a little ingenuity him if he remembered that token ? Startled at the errors of these distempered times. I offer, there exerted in its favour. But it could

not be appeal, as if a spirit was before him, the king fell fore, to those who regard with love and reverence expected, that he would go beyond the de- up, thou hast, through God's favour, escaped from

at his feet. •Behold,' said Paulipus, raising him the religion which they have received from their bateable land, which bounds the region of the enemies of whom thou wert in fear! Behold, fathers, a brief but comprehensive record, diligent strict historical accuracy, nor withhold all through God's favour, thou hast recovered thy kingly, faithfully, and conscientiously composed, which they inay put into the hands of their children. the truths which make against him, nor ad- dom, and obtained the pre-eminence which was Herein it will be seen from what heathenish delu. vance any argument which should not be promised thee! Remember now thine own promise,

and observe it; that He, who hath elevated thee to sions and inhuman rites the inhabitants of this plausible, nor any assertion which could be this temporal kingdom, may deliver thee also from island have been delivered by the Christian faith; said and proved to be a downright false- eternal misery, and take thee to live and reign with in what manner the best interests of the country hood. A perusal of the work would realize himself eternally in heaven! Edwin, overcome as were advanced by the clergy even during the dark. such expectations.

is by miracle, hesitated no longer. He called his est ages of papal domination; the errors and crimes of the Romish Church, and how, when its corrup

The narration begins with the religion of chiefs to council, that, if they could be persuaded

to think and believe as he did, they might be baptions were at the worst, the day-break of the Refor the ancient Britons. Some account is then lized at the same time : and when they were asmation appeared among us: the progress of that given of the religion and philosophy of the sembled, he required them each to deliver his Reformation through evil and through good; the Romans, and of the doctrines and rites of opinion concerning the new religion which was establishment of a church pure in its doctrines, the Danes and Anglo-Sasons. The history preached among them, and the propriety of receivirreproachable in its order, beautiful in its forms; and the conduct of that church proved, both in ad of the introduction and establishment of ing it:

Coifi, the Chief Priest of Northumbria, was the verse and in prosperous times, alike faithful to its christianity into England, is exceedingly first who spake : - As for what the religion is, which principles when it adhered to the monarchy during interesting. Unquestionably many circum- is now propounded to us," he said, "O King, see a successful rebellion, and when it opposed the stances of that period, related by the monk thou to it! For my part, I will assert

, what I cermonarch who would have brought back the Romish ish historians of a later age, are to be con- tainly know, that that which we have hitherto held, superstition, and, together with the religion, would sidered as resting upon slight authority: there is no one who has given himself more dili

is good for nothing. For among all thy people, have overthrown the liberties of England.

Enough, however, is certain, to astonish gently to the worship of our gods than 1; and yet Sectarians will of course be governed by one with the rapid progress and wide spread many have received greater benefits, and obtained their respective partialities in judging of the of christianity in its earliest ages. Perhaps higher dignities, and prospered better in whatever merits and character of this work. They who no single instance is more striking than the they undertook. But if these gods had possessed love and venerate the Church of England, conversion of the king and people of North- any power, they would rather have assisted me, who will regard it as a candid, eloquent, and umbria. Edwin had been driven from his have endeavoured so carefully to serve them. If, irreproachable history of their church ; throne in childhood, by Ethelfrith, and filed ceived that these new things, of which we are told,

therefore, after due examination, you have perwhile the dissenters, whose “ pestilent er- to Redwald, king of East Anglia, who, after are better, and more efficacious, let us, without derors” it is intended to beat down, will be protecting him for some years, was about to lay, hasten to adopt them.' disposed to bring against the author a heavy comply with the demand of Ethelfrith, and Another speaker delivered an opinion, more charge of guile and falsehood. Our opinion give him up.

creditable to his disposition and understanding lies between these; and is precisely that

than that which had been given by the Chief Priest :

This resolution was taken at night-fall, and im- .O King, the present life of man, when considered which a consideration of Dr Southey's mediately communicated to Edwin by a faithful in relation to that which is to come, may be likened character, condition, and avowed object friend, who went to his chamber, called him out of to a sparrow flying through the ball, wherein you would have led us to form, if, we had never doors, exhorted him to fly, and offered to guide him and your chiefs and servants are seated at supper, seen his book. He stands forth the chain. to a place of safety.

in winter time: the hearth blazing in the centre,

But Edwin would not again encounter the per- and the viands smoking, while without is the storm pion of his church ;-and it must be remem- petual danger and anxiety of a wandering life. To and rain or snow; the bird flies through, entering at bered, that he is enthusiastic, and wants, in Hy, he said, would be a breach of confidence on his one door, and passing out at the other; he feels not bis valour, its better part, and often merges part; he had trusted to the Uffinga Redwald. who, the weather during the little minute that he is withhis judgment in his feelings, and is the same

as yet, had offered him no wrong; and if he were in; but after that minute he returns again to winman now, as when, at the age of twenty-one,

to be delivered up, bester that it should be hy the ter, as from winter he came, and is seen no more. he wrote Wat Tyler, and, after his years indeed, whither could he betake himself, after hav- of what has preceded it, we are altogether ignorant.

Uffinga bimself than by an ignoble hand. And, Such is the life of man; and of what follows it, or were doubled, wrote and published a letter ing, for so many years, in vain sought an asylum Wherefore, if this new doctrine should bring any to a member of parliament, in defence of through all the provinces of Britain? Resolving, thing more certain, it well deserves to be followed.' this most miserable farce. He is the cham- therefore, to abide bis fate, whatever it might be, The rest of the assembly signified their assent to the pion of the church, and its enemies are bis he sate down mournfully upon a stone before the change; and it was then proposed by Coifi, that enemies; the wungrateful” and “disaffect- palace, when a venerable person, in a strange babit, Paulinus should fully explain to them the nature ed” to the hierarchy are also disaffected to fore he was sitting there, and keeping watch at an is said to have accosted him, and inquired where of the new religion, which they were called upon

to receive. When the prelate had concluded his him, and do what in them lies to stain his hour when all other persons were asleep? Edwin discourse, the Chief Priest exclaimed, that he had good name, by the expos're of all his errors omewhat angrily, replied, that it could be no con- long understood the vanity of their old worship, beand faults. Moreover Dr Southey is hon- cern of his whether he chose to pass the night with cause the more be sought to discover its truth, the oured by the institutions incorporated with that he knew the cause, and bade him be of good tars and temples of the idols, and the sacred inclo

in doors or without. But the stranger made answer, less he found; be proposed, therefore, that the althat church, and his temporal interests are cheer, for Redwald certainly would not betray him; sures in which they stood, should be overthrown strictly the same with those of that preva- he assured him further, that he should regain his and burnt. The king demanded of him who ought

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to set the example of violating them, and the priest | long descent which even tradition and fable, the primate are imputable, because be was in poshimself offered to begin. He asked the king accord can scarcely measure, bas stricken them session of great part of the sequestered lands. He ingly for arms and for a horse , gint a sword to his deep into the natures of the people who supplied soldiers enough to overpower the knights side, mounted, and took a lance in his band. When

of the people beheld him, they thought that he was cling to them. But we think there

are other bury, if resistance should be attempted. They enseized with madness, because in bearing arms, and circumstances of great moment, which Mr tered the city in small parties, concealing their riding on a horse, he broke through the prohibitions Southey does not duly consider. One of armis, that no alarmı might be excited. The abbot attached among them to the sacerdotal office. He these is, the unity of doctrine and ritual of St Augustine's, who was of the king's party, rehowever, rode resolutely towards the temple, and then existing in christendom. A missionary ceived them into his monastery, and is said to have at once desecrated it, by throwing his lance within

with . the the enclosure; his companions then, as he exhorted of that day spent no part of his time in un ing, they proceeded with twelve knights to Beck them, set fire to it. The scene of this memorable doing the work of his brother; nor was the et's bedchamber ; his family were still at table, but event was a little east of York, upon the river Der- willing neophyte perplexed by seeing men, he himself had dined, and was conversing with home of the protection of the gods. The village which tension, accusing each other, with equal the ground, among the monks. After a pause

, went, at a place then called Godmunddingaham, the all claiming to be christians with equal pre- some of his inonks and clergy. Without replying

to his salutation, they sat down opposite to him, on now stands upon other change than that of a convenient abbreviation zeal, of dreadful falsehood. It is not easy Fitzurse said they came with orders

from the king from five syllables to three, Godmundham.

to see how this hindrance can be wholly and asked whether he would hear them in public The new converts acted with indiscreet zeal in avoided, however honest and zealous indi. or in private ? Becket said, as it might please him thus destroying what appears to have been the most vidual missionaries may be,-while chris- best,--and then, at his desire, bade the company noted place of heathen worship in Northumbria. It tians of all denominations live among the withdraw; but presently apprehending some viothe Gregory ,

, , he called that the Anglo-Saxou temples should not be demol : priocipal pagan nations, and most established them in again from the antechamber

, and told the ished; but that he and his fellow-missionaries should sects make exertions to spread their tenets, Barons, that whatever they had to impart might be cast out and consuine the idols, and then purify the and Papist and Protestant, Calvinist and delivered in their presence. Fitzurse required him buildings themselves with holy water; and erect al. Arminian, Trinitarian and Unitarian, cob- to absolve the suspended and excommunicated preltars

and place relics there, in order that the people scientiously believe, each that his opponent ates: He returned the old evasive answer, that it might be better disposed to receive the new religion, holds dangerous, if not fatal, errors. When was not he who had passed the sentence, nor was seeing its rites performed in the fanes which they the nations of the heptarchy were converted ensued, in which Becket insisted that the king had

it in his power to take it off. A warm altercation were wont to frequent. Godmunddingabam having been destroyed, a wooden oratory was hastily erect to christianity, the whole diposable force of authorized his measures, in telling him he might, by ed in York for the ceremony of the king's baptism, christendom, so far as that force-was avail- ecclesiastical censures, compel those who had disa which was performed there on Easter-day, A. D. able for the purposes of proselytism, was at turbed the peace of the church to make satisfaction; 627. A church, of stone, was immediately com the control of the sovereign pontiff. The this, he affirmed, had been said in Fitzurse's presmenced upon the same spot, inclosing the oratory: church of which he was the supreme head, to that purport;- and indeed Becket

himself must

ence. Fitzurse denied that he had heard any thing It was conferred upon Paulinus, as his see, and he superintended the building. The king's example drew into its bosom the finest and strongest have koown that if such permission had ever been was readily followed by the people; and Paulinus spirits; it offered not only the best asylum given, it certainly was not in the latitude which he is said to have been employed six-and-thirty days, for the meek, but the highest rewards for now chose to represent. from murning till evening, in baptizing the multi: the able and ambitious, and the widest scope quired, that he, and all who belonged to him, should

The four Barons then, in the king's name, retudes who flocked to him at Yevering. Oratories for the efforts of the active. The extract depart forthwith out of the kingdom, for he had had not yet been built, nor baptisteries constructed; the converts, therefore, were baptized in rivers, by which we have just quoted, shows us the broken the peace, and should no longer enjoy it. immersion, according to the practice of those recompense-it may or may not have been Becket replied, he would never again put the sea ages.

the object-of Paulinus. The missionary between him and his church. Their resolute man. Mr Southey devotes a chapter to the con- pilgrim, after he had won bis bishopric, ner only roused his spirit, and he declared that if sideration of the causes which promoted the might stretch forth his hand for the cardi- Roman See, or the right of the churcb, be that man

any man whatsoever infringed the laws of the Holy success of christianity among the Anglo-pal's hat, and hope for the papal tiara. It who he would, he would not spare him.-—- In vain, Saxons. Contrasted with the slow, imper- was a necessary consequence of this state said re, do you menace me! if all the swords in fect, questionable success of the missionary of things, that a large proportion of the England were brandished over my head, you would efforts of these days, it seerns indeed mirac- moral and intellectual energy of that age He upbraided those of them who had been in his

find me foot to foot, fighting the battles of the Lord!' ulous. We cannot give even an abstract of was devoted to the work of prosely tism.

service as chancellor. They rose, and charged the Mr Southey's views upon this subject. Some, The history of the church in England, monks to guard him, saying, they should answer perhaps all

, of the causes that he assigns for during that stormy period while the popes for it if he escaped ; the knights of his household the different results which have attended and their ministers were perpetually con- they bade go with them, and wait the event in efforts for a similar purpose in different pe- dicting with the civil government, and al- silence

. Becket followed them to the outer door, riods, operated with great force; but we most always subduing it

, is very interesting saying, he came not there to fly, nor did he value

their threats. We will do more than threaten!" think there were other causes, of which he in itself, and loses nothing in the hands of does not rightly estimate the efficiency. No this author. He chooses to relate it by fix- Becket was presently told that they were anning doubt the missionaries prevailed the more, ing upon prominent individuals, and narrat- themselves in the palace-court. Some of his serbecause they came froin Rome, the heart ing their lives with great minuteness. Dun- vants barred the gate, and he was with difficulty of the civilized world, -the sovereign city, stan, Lanfranc, Anselm, and Becket have persuaded by the monks to retire through the clois

iers into the cathedral, where the afternoon service whose name was still great upon the earth, each many pages given to them. The biog. had now begun. He ordered the cross to be borne and whose majesty survived in the inherited raphy of Becket occupies one hundred before him, retired slowly, and to some who were feelings and opinions of men, long after her pages. At his death-we may say by bis endeavouring to secure ihe doors, he called out, actual supremacy had departed. Certainly, death,—the papal power triumphed. “We forbidding to do it, saying, You ought not to make too, these missionaries were favoured, in that have never seen the particulars of his assas- a castle of the church; it will proteci us sufficiently the paganisin they were called to combat, sination parrated so circumstantially as in resist, but to suffer. By this time the assailants,

without being shut; neither did I come hither to was not deeply rooted in the hearts of the this work; taken in connexion with some after en leavouring to break open the abbey gates, people. The Bruids had been chased from passages of his life, they almost compel one had entered, under Robert de Broc's guidance, their sacred groves by the Roinans, whose to believe, that this turbulent, ambitious, through a window, searched the palace, and were religion, if religion it was, ere many ages, and obstinate rebel, actually believed him- now following him to the cathedral. He might still encountered the horrors of that Scaldic self labouring and dying in a good cause.

have concealed himself, and not improbably have

escaped. But Becket disdained this : with all its mythology which the Danes brought with

The result of Henry's counsel was the legal and errors, his was an heroic mind. He was ascending them. Thus the heathenism of the Saxons proper measure of sending over three Barons to the steps of the high altar, when the Barons, and was Auctuating and uncertain; of various arrest Becket. These messengers were too late. their armed followers, rushed into the choir with origin, and sanctified by no long and uni- The ministers of vengeance, who were before them, drawn swords, exclaiming, 'Where is Thomas à versal tradition. It is otherwise with the landed near Dover, and passed the night in Ranulf Becket! where is that traitor to the king and kingsuperstitions with which christianity must had excommunicated on Christmas-day, and to out with a louder voice, Where is the Archbishop?

de Broc's castle, -one of the persons whom Becket dom? No answer was made; but when they called cope now; ages have rooted them, and alwbom interested motives for his marked enmity to he then came down the steps, saying, “Here am I;


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