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United States Mint.

Officers of the Mint at Philadelphia.


R. M. Patterson, Director.$3,500 J. R. McClintock, Melt

Wm. Findlay, Treasurer.. 2,000

J. R. Eckfeldt, Assayer....2,000

er and Refiner..



Franklin Peale, Chief Coiner 2,000 William Kneas, Engraver.1,500 2d Engraver.1,500

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J. J. Singleton, Superin. .$2,000 David M. Mason, Coiner.. 1,500 J. W. Farnham, Assayer.. 1,500

Officers of the Branch at Charlotte, N. C.



J. H. Wheeler, Superin. . $2,000 | John R. Bolton, Coiner ..$1,500 J. H. Gibbon, Assayer.. .1,500

Number of Post Offices on the 1st of May, 1840....13,376.

Privilege of Franking.

Letters and packets to and from the following officers of the government, are by law received and conveyed by post, free of postage:

The President and Vice-President of the United States, Secretaries of State, Treasury, War, and Navy; Attorney-General; Postmasters-General, and Assistant Postmasters-General; Comptrollers, Auditors, Register, and Solicitor of the Treasury; Treas urer; Commissioner of the General Land Office; Commissioners of the Navy Board; Commissary-General; Inspectors-General; Quartermaster-General; Paymaster-General; Superintendent of Patent Office; Speaker and Clerk of the House of Representatives; President and Secretary of the Senate; and any individual who shall have been, or may hereafter be, President of the United States; and each may receive newspapers by post, free of postage. Each member of the Senate, and each member and delegate of the House of Representatives, may send and receive, free of postage, newspapers, letters, and packets, weighing not more than two ounces, (in case of excess of weight, excess alone to be paid for,) and all documents printed by order of either house, from the period

of sixty days before he takes his seat in Congress, till the next meeting of the next Congress.

Postmasters may send and receive, free of postage, letters and packets not exceeding half an ounce in weight; and they may receive one daily newspaper each, or what is equivalent thereto.

Printers of newspapers may send one paper to each and every other printer of newspapers within the United States, free of postage, under such regulations as the Postmaster-General may provide.

United States Executive Government.

The fourteenth presidential_term of four years, since the establishment of the government of the United States under the constitution, began on the 4th of March, 1841, and it will expire on the 3d of March, 1845.

William H. Harrison, Ohio, President.....
John Tyler,



Va., Vice-President, and President by the death of General Harrison.


The following are the principal officers in the executive department of the government, who form the cabinet, and who hold their offices at the will of the President:


Samuel L. Southard, New Jersey, acting Vice-President.
Daniel Webster, Mass., Secretary of State
A. P. Upshur, Virginia, Secretary of the Navy.
John C. Spencer, New York, Secretary of War
Walter Forward, Penn., Secretary of the Treasury
Charles A. Wickliffe, Kentucky, Postmaster-General..
Hugh S. Legare, South Carolina, Attorney-General.


Officers of the Senate.


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$3,000 Second Engrossing Clerk.$1,500 1,800 Sergeant at Arms and



.1,450 .700

Chief Clerk.

Executive Clerk



First Legislative Clerk.


Assistant Doorkeeper

Second do.



First Engrossing Clerk........... .1,500

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Salaries in the different Departments of the General Government.


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The Supreme Court is held in the city of Washington, and has one session annually, commencing on the 2d Monday of January.


The Congress of the United States consists of a Senate and House of Representatives, and must assemble, at least, once every year, on the 1st Monday of December, unless it is otherwise provided by law.

The Senate is composed of two members from each state; and of course the regular number is now 52. They are chosen by the legislatures of the several states, for the term of six years, one third of them being elected biennially.

The Vice-President of the United States is the President of the Senate, in which body he has only a casting vote, which is given in case of an equal division of the votes of the Senators. In his absence, a President pro tempore is chosen by the Senate.

The House of Representatives is composed of members from the several states, elected by the people for the term of two years. The Representatives are apportioned among the different states ac

cording to population; and the 23d, 24th, 25th, and 26th Congresses have been elected in accordance with an act of Congress of 1832, one representative being returned for every 47,700 persons, computed according to the rule prescribed by the constitution; (five slaves being computed equivalent to three free persons.) The present regular number is 242 representatives, and 3 delegates.

Since the 4th of March, 1807, the compensation of each member of the Senate and House of Representatives has been $8 a day, during the period of his attendance in Congress, without deduction in case of sickness; and $8 for every twenty miles' travel, in the usual road, in going to and returning from the seat of government. The compensation of the President of the Senate, pro tempore, and of the Speaker of the House of Representatives, is $16 a day.

Votes for President and Vice-President.

The following table, which we have prepared at the expense of some labor, will be found useful for reference. It exhibits the electoral votes given for the most prominent candidates for President and Vice-President of the United States, at the different elections since Gen. Washington's retirement.

1796- President, John Adams 71, Thomas Jefferson 68; VicePresident, T. Pinkney 58, Aaron Burr 50.

1800-President, Thomas Jefferson 73, John Adams 64; VicePresident, Aaron Burr 73, T. Pinkney 58.

1804- President, Thomas Jefferson 162, Charles C. Pinkney 14; Vice-President, G. Clinton 163, R. King 14.

1808 President, J. Madison 152, C. C. Pinkney 45; Vice-President, G. Clinton 118, R. King 47.

1812 President, J. Madison 127, De Witt Clinton 89; VicePresident, E. Gerry 128, Ingersoll 58.

1816-Fresident, J. Monroe 188, R. King 34; Vice-President, D. D. Tompkins 113, opposition scattering.

1820-President, J. Monroe 218, no opposition, except one vote given from New Hampshire; Vice-President, D. D. Tompkins 212, opposition divided.

1824 - President, A. Jackson 99, J. Q. Adams 84, W. H. Crawford 41, H. Clay 37.

1828- President, A. Jackson 178, J. Q. Adams 83; Vice-President, J. C. Calhoun 173, R. Rush 83.

1832- President, A. Jackson 219, H. Clay 49, John Floyd 11, Wm. Wirt 7; Vice-President, Martin Van Buren 189, John Sar geant 49, William Wilkins 30, Lee 11, Levi Ellmaker 7.

1836--President, Martin Van Buren 170, W. H. Harrison 73, H. L. White 26, W. P. Mangum 11, Daniel Webster 14; Vice-President, R. M. Johnson 147, Francis Granger 63, scattering 84.

1840-President, William Henry Harrison 234, Martin Van Buren 60; Vice-President, John Tyler 234, Richard M. Johnson 48, J. K. Polk 1, L. W. Tazewell 11. [Harrison 19 states; Van Buren 7 do.]

The electors meet at the capitals of the respective states in which

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