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pants and shirt, presented to them by various erty. It was read to every regiment in the sewing societies. Surgeon-General Garcelon, army of the Potomac.-(Doc. 100.) of Maine, accompanies the regiment to Wash- -A LARGE and enthusiastic Union meeting ington.-Boston Post, July 18.
composed of the citizens of Broome and Che- The following order relative to contraband nango counties, New York, was held to-day. Degroes was issued from the army head-quar- Addresses were made by Daniel S. Dickinson ters in Washington:
and George Baillet, and resolutions approving
the acts of the Federal Government in tho HEAD-QUARTERS DEPARTMENT OF WASHINGTON,
WASHINGTON, D. C., July 17, 1861. } present crisis, were unanimously adopted. GENERAL ORDERS, no. 33.
(Doc. 101.) Fagitive slaves will, under no pretext what
-Te Tammany Regiment or Jackson Guard, ever, be permitted to reside, or in any way be harbored in the quarters and camps of the N. Y. S. V., under the command of Colonel troops serving in this department. Neither Wm. D. Kennedy, left its encampment at Great will such slaves be allowed to accompany
Neck, Long Island, for the scene of the war.troops on the march. Commanders of troops
N. Y. World, July 19. will be held responsible for a strict observanco -In the IIouse of Representatives, Washingof the order.
ton, the Committee to whom was referred the By command of Brigadier-General Mansfield. resolution to inquire whether or not the Hon.
THEODORE TALBOT, Ilonry May, of Maryland, was in criminal in
Assistant Adjutant-General. tercourse with those in armed rebellion against -GENERAL Patterson's entire command the Government, submitted a report that there moved from Banker Hill, Va., at an early hour was no evidence of Mr. May's guilt in that parthis morning, but instead of moving directly tow. ticular, the resolution having been based on ards Winchester it took the road for Charles mero newspaper statements. The report also town, distant from Bunker Hill abont eight exculpated the President and General Scott miles, and laying at right angles with the Win. from all suspicion of a correspondence with chester road. The reason of this unexpected the rebels through Mr. May's agency. Upon move is as follows; Winchester is defended on the adoption of this report, Mr. May addressed the north side by a strong breastwork, in the the House upon the subject of the inquiry, form of the letter V, having the town behind warmly denouncing it as an unparalleled outrage the angle. It cannot be attacked from that upon his constituents, whose rights as freeinen, side without exposing the soldiers to a heavy he said, had been previously stricken down and and most destructive cross-fire. The side west trampled in the dust by the Administration, of the town is defended by a palisade; but the through its military power. IIis remarks were east side is only covered by a veil. On the interrupted by Mr. Stevens, of Pennsylvania, east side there is also an eminence which com- who interposed a point of order, which, being mands the town. This eminence has been left sustained by the House, Mr. May declined to unoccupied.-Baltimore American, July 18.
avail himself of the permission to proceed in -The Twelfth Ohio Regiment, two compa- himself on a future occasion. Ile presented
order, announcing his purpose to vindicate nies of the Twenty-first Ohio and a battery of the memorial of the Police Commissioners of light artillery, attacked the rebels at a place
Baltimore. Ex-Governor Thomas, of Marycalled Scarytown, on the Kanawba River, Va., land, replied to Mr. May in a vigorous speech, and were repulsed with a loss of thirty killed in which he maintained that the recent election and wounded.—(Doc. 99.)
demonstrated conclusively the fact that a vast July 18.—This morning a general order was majority of the people of Maryland entirely issued at Fairfax Court House, Va., by General | approved the military measures of the AdminMcDowell, deprecating the disorderly conduct istration, and of the present attitude of the of the troops under his command in destroying State. the property of the inhabitants of the town, In the United States Senate the bill for the and appointing a police force from each regi- better organization of the military establishment to secure the preservation of such prop- ment being under consideration, Mr. Powell
VOL. II.-DIARY 9
moved an amendment declaring that no part of Van Horn's command was attacked while at the Army or Navy should be used for the sub- dinner. They planted their flag-staff at 2 jugation of any sovereign State, or in any way o'clock, never giving way an inch nor removing to interfere with African slavery. A sharp de- the flag till after the rebels withdrew. The bate followed on the purposes of the war. Mr. rebels endeavored to flank them on the left Sherman, Republican, said the war was not one with a company of cavalry, but were completely of subjugation, but merely intended to main routed by a detailed force under Captain Buttain the integrity of the Union, and moved as ler.—N. Y. World, July 23. a substitute for Mr. Powell's amendment a res- -THE Federal army left Fairfax Court olution declaring that “the military be em- House, Va., this morning and took up its line ployed to preserve the Union and protect the of march in the direction of Centreville. Genpublic property."
eral McDowell, in a despatch to head-quar-Tue Philadelphia Press of to-day contains ters at Washington, gives the position of the an interesting account of affairs in Richmond, several divisions of his army to.day.—(Doc. Va. It will be seen that the steel-clad steamer 103.) Yorktown is about to attempt to force her way -An engagement took place at Blackburn's through our fleet, and that infernal machines Ford, four miles south of Centreville, Va., this are being prepared to injure our tessels and afternoon. General Tyler's division encamped forts. A very decided reaction in public sen- last night a few miles east of Centreville, and timent among the working classes has recently this morning proceeded toward that point. occurred, and, like many of the troops, they are Centreville was passed in safety, and the troops heartily sick of the Secession movement, and turned from Little River turnpike road to the anxious for the re-establishment of the Na- Manassas road. On the road information was tional authority over the whole country. The received that a masked battery was on the left slaves are well apprised of the movements of of the road ahead, and Colonel Richardson, in our army,
and many of them earnestly desire command of the Fourth Brigade, was ordered its success. Several regiments have recently to reconnoitre, while the remainder of the dibeen sent from West Tennessee into the east- vision remained in the vicinity of Centreville. ern part of that State to overawe the Union
Col. Richardson proceeded with three commen there. The effects of the blockade are se- panies of the Massachusetts First Regiment, riously felt, but some important articles are being the Chelsea company, the Fusileers, and still obtained from the North.-(Doc. 102.) the National Guards. They passed across an
-This afternoon Major Van Horn's com- open ravine and again entered the road, which mand of United States Reserve Home Guards was densely surrounded by woods, when they of Kansas City, Mo., numbering about 170 men, were received by a raking fire from the left, was attacked by 500 rebels under Capt. Dun- killing a number of the advance. can, thirteen miles north of Harrisonville. The They gallantly sustained their position and fight lasted four hours, during which time a covered the retreat of a brass cannon of Shercontinued firing was kept up on both sides. At man's battery, the horses having been comtwenty minutes past six o'clock the rebels with pletely disabled by the fire, until relieved by drew, leaving the United States troops victo- the Michigan Second, and the New York rious. The loss of the rebels was fourteen kill. Twelfth Regiments, when they fell back. cd, including two officers, and several wound- The Federal forces then took a position on
while that of the United States forces was the top of a hill. Two rifle cannons were plantonly one killed. At 12 o'clock the United ed in front, supported by Captain Brackett's States troops continued their march, crossing Company B, Second Cavalry, with a line of Grand River, but they were compelled to leave infantry composed of the Second Regiment of three of their baggage wagons on the bank of Michigan, and the Twelfth Regiment of New the river in consequence of high water. Major York in the rear. A steady fire was kept up Van Horn left Kansas City on the 17th for the on both sides in this position. purpose of reinforcing Maj. Dean, now holding The rebels had two batteries of eight pieces West Point, Missouri, with a small force, he in a position commanding the road. They having routed 1,000 rebels at that place. Major I used their guns well, except that they fired
sometimes too high, but they were gallantly Resolved, That a copy of the foregoing resoforced by the national troops. “They did not lution be forwarded to our Senators and Reprereply to our regular fire for half an hour," says sentatives in Congress, with a request that they a correspondent, "during which time they were unite with the Governor in his efforts to obtain receiving large reinforcements. In the mean the authority indicated in the foregoing. time Col. Richardson's brigade reconnoitered -Tur Third Regiment of Massachusetts the woods. While we were again thus ad- Militia arrived at Boston this morning from Fancing we were met with a raking fire. Our Fortress Monroe, and encamped at Long Island. guns were again put in position, and wo pour- -N. Y. Evening Post, July 19. ed grape and canister among the enemy till
-The general order of the War Department the supply was exhausted.” At half-past four o'clock, General Tyler or to the command of the National forces on the
at Washington, transfering General N. P. Banks dered his troops to retire, it being necessary upper Potomac, was issued to-day.—(Doc. 106.) to relieve Captain Brackett's cavalry, which hau lone the most effective service. The day
-GENERAL CadwALLADER of the Pennsylva
nia Volunteers, was honorably discharged from was ea reedingly hot, and the horses thirsted for wate', which could only be obtained at Order, War Department, No. 46.
the service of the United States. General Centrevile.-(Doc. 104.) July 19.—Last night a party consisting of
-BRIGADIER-GENERAL JOIN Pope, commandCapt
. Holliday, Capt. Edward W. Jenkins, ing the National troops in Northern Missouri, Lieut. Johnson and private Small
, of the Naval issued a proclamation to the people of that disBrigade, Maj. T. Edward Rawlings, of the Ken-trict, warning all persons taken in arms against tucky Light Cavalry, and R. W. Shartliff, left
the Federal authority, who attempt to commit Hampton, Va., without permission, on a scout. depredations, or who molest peaceful citizens, - They were poorly armed, and but one of
that they will be dealt with, “without awaitthem mounted. At 4 o'clock this morning
At 4 o'clock this morning ing civil process."—(Doc. 107.) the party were surprised in the woods, a short
- In general orders of this date, Maj.-Gen. distance beyond New Market bridge, by twenty McClellan expresses his satisfaction with and dismoanted horsemen, who fired upon them. confidence in the soldiers of his command, " the Rawlings was instantly killed by a bullet Army of the West ;” and recapitulates their through his head. Lieutenant Johnson and recent exploits.—(Doc. 108.) Mr. Shartliff were also seen to fall, and have -ALL of the vessels previously reported as been carried off prisoners. The rest of the prizes to the privateer Sumter, and by her sent party escaped.–Baltimore American, July 20. into a Cuban port, were liberated by the Cap-By an order from the War Department at tain-General of Cuba.—N. Y. Express, July 29. Washington, it was forbidden to muster any July 20.—This day the rebel Congress met soldier into the service who is unable to speak at Richmond, Va., and received the message of the English language. By the same order, Jefferson Davis, in which he congratulated the Brevet Second-Lieutenants Clarence Derrick, Congress upon the accession to the Southern James P. Parker, and Frank A. Reynolds, Confederacy since his last message of the (having tendered their resignations in face of States of North Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, the enemy) were dismissed from the service and Arkansas.—(Doc. 109.) of the United States.-(Doc. 105.)
-A CORRESPONDENT with the army under -To-day the Virginia Legislature, in session General Patterson, at Charlestown, Va., writes at Wheeling, adopted the following resolutions: under this date as follows: In consequence of
Resolved, That the Governor be and is here- complaints from numerous commanders that by requested to apply to the President of the their men were without shoes, clothing, and United States for authority to contract with other necessaries, and could not be now supsome individual or individuals, on behalf of the plied, as the time for which they had been sworn General Government, for necessary clothing for in was nearly expired, General Patterson visitsuch of the volunteers of Northwestern Vir-ed the different brigades, and plead earnestly ginis as have been, or may be, mustered into with the men to stand by him, for the love of the service of the United States for three years. I their country and the honor of our flag, for a
few days longer, bat failed to gain support. I impeded the road by a heavy abatis. Hunter's -The good behavior of the soldiers is having an Division (5 brigades, 4 batteries and cavalry), excellent effect upon the townspeople. Many which was the main body, moved along the of the families were prepared to leave on the same road with Tyler's Division until they arrival of the army, but are now going to re- had crossed a small stream called Cub Run, and main, feeling that their property and persons then between Cub Run and Bull Ran turnare secure.-Three members of the New Yorked off to the right and made its way through Ninth Regiment yesterday arrested Lieut. Har- the woods to a position on Bull Run, three lett, of the rebel cavalry force, while secreted miles above the Stone Bridge. At this point, in a house here. This officer is said to have Sudley's Springs, there was an undefended ford, commanded the troops that fired from Harper's and here the men began to cross the stream. Ferry.upon Colonel Stone's brigade when pass- They got over very slowly, as many stopped to ing opposite that point.—The jail where John drink. Clouds of dust in the air indicated that Brown was imprisoned, and the scene of his the enemy was moving in force from Manassas execution, are constantly visited by our volun- toward the right, and it became possible that teers. Captain McMullen's Rangers have found he would reach the point of passage and attack numerous secreted arms.-A mail bag belong before the Union force was all across the stream ; ing to our army, and filled with matter, has therefore the regiments were ordered to break been found here. Indications slow it to have from the line of march and cross separately, been stolen, while on the way to Martinsburg, and a division under Col. Heintzelman moved a week since.—Major Ledlie, of the New York forward, cutting a road through the woods as Nineteenth Regiment, this morning at 1 o'clock, it went toward a point on Bull Run, half way was fired on, when making the guard rounds, between the undefended ford at Sudley's Springs by a rebel named Welch. The latter was ar- and the Stone Bridge. Gen. Tyler also was orrested, and his arms taken from him. Welch dered to press his feint at Stone Bridge, in hope says, in excuse, that he did not see Ledlie, but to divert some portion of the heavy force that hearing a noise thought foxes were robbing his the enemy was sending across the front toward roosts.-The Indiana Eleventh Regiment, Col. the right. When the first brigade of Hunter's Wallace, marched to head-quarters to-day, and command (Burnside's) reached and formed in informed General Patterson of their willing the open space beyond Bull Run, tlie rebels at ness to serve ten days extra.–Baltimore Amer- once opened fire with artillery, and soon after ican, July 23.
with infantry. The national forces received the July 21.-This day the battle of Bull Run, enemy's fire very steadily, and supported by a Va., was fought between the national forces battalion of regular infantry, and the first regiunder General McDowell and the rebels under ment that had crossed from IIeintzelman's comBeauregard. Shortly after 5 A. M., three hours mand, drore the enemy before it, and forced his later than ordered, the national army moved position at the Stone Bridge. from Centreville in three divisions, commanded Thus two brigades (Sherman's and Keyes') of respectively by Gens. Richardson, Tyler and Gen. Tyler's Division stationed on the WarrenHunter. Richardson's (one brigade) moved on ton road, were enabled to cross, and to drive the the road from Centreville to Manassas, to where right of the enemy, commanded by Gen. Beaurethat road crosses Bull Run, at Blackburn's gard in person, from the front of the field. The Ford, and there opened fire upon the enemy contest then became severe for a position in front with artillery. This movement, the extreme and to the right of Stone Bridge but to the left left of all the operations of the day, was intend of the ford at Sudley's Springs. Here was a ed as a feint, and to hold the enemy in check bill with a farm house on it; from behind this in case of disaster to the national forces on the hill the enemy's batteries annoyed the Union right, as the enemy's movement forward here forces. Upon it, therefore, the attack was would imperil the retreat. Tyler's Division pressed very warmly by the brigades of Wilcox, (three brigades and two U. S. batteries) moved Howard, Franklin and Sherman, a part of Poron the Warrenton Turnpike to the Stone Bridge ter's brigade, and the cavalry under Palmer, that crosses Bull Run. Beyond this bridge the and by the Rhode Island, Rickett's and Grifenemy was in position with artillery, and had | fin's batteries. Rickett's battery became an ob