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May 24-Marched to Burnt Hickory. May 25.-Advanced toward Dallas, crossed Pumpkin-vine creek, rested in reserve in rear of Major-General Hooker's corps, while he had heavy fighting in front, late in the evening.
May 26.-Moved into position on left of Twentieth corps, pressed close upon the enemy's lines and fortified, four miles north of Dallas. May 27.-Changed position to the left, relieving General Wood's troops. Close skirmishing all day.
May 28.-Advanced, drove in the enemy's outposts, and fortified.
May 29.-Advanced the battery to front line. Heavy skirmishing. During the night the enemy attacked, and was repulsed with severe loss. We continued the varied scenes, some changes in position, with heavy skirmishing, until the night of the fourth of June, when the enemy withdrew from our front.
June 6.-Marched with the corps east ten miles, to within two and a half miles of Ackworth, on railroad, where we remained with comparative quiet until June tenth, when we moved three miles south-east, and found the enemy in strong position on Pine Mountain, in my front. Skirmishing commenced and continued until the night of the thirteenth of June, when the enemy retired, and my brigade advanced upon the mountain early on the morning of June fourteenth. On this mountain is where Bishop Polk, General of the rebel army, fell, by a shot from the Fifth Indiana battery, under Captain Simonson. The battery was in position at the front and right of my lines. We pursued the enemy two miles to his new position, and found him strongly fortified.
June 16.-Advanced my lines of trenches with hard skirmishing. On this day we had the sad misfortune to lose the brave and gallant officer, Captain Simonson, our Chief of Artillery. June 17.-The enemy again withdrew-we pursued-Wood's division in front with heavy skirmishing.
June 19.-The enemy retired during the night; we pursued, my brigade in advance. At two miles we came upon the enemy, upon the east side of a large farm; my lines were formed for an attack. The Ninth and Thirty-sixth Indiana, Eightieth and Eighty-fourth Illinois, in the front line, advanced and drove the enemy from their position, and into their fortifications upon Kenesaw Mountain and the adjacent hills. My loss was severe, particularly in officers; Lieutenant Bowman, Thirty-sixth Indiana, fell mortally wounded, bravely leading his men in the advance.
June 20.-Contest continued, the enemy trying to hold, and we to drive him from, a swamp between our main trenches, in which we succeeded, but were compelled to abandon a portion of the ground because of a destructive fire from the enemy's artillery, bearing thereon from their main works. Upon the evening of this day, the Ninth Indiana, afterward relieved by the Fifty-ninth Illinois, were moved across the creek
to the right, to assist the Second brigade (General Whitaker). I have learned by the newspapers that the enemy made seven unsuccessful assaults on the lines of this brigade at this point. I will have to refer to the reports of Colonel Suman, Ninth Indiana, and Colonel Post, Fifty-ninth Illinois, for the facts in the premises, as they participated in whatever fighting took place. In these two days the losses in my command were very heavy.
June 21.-On this day I was ordered to send my rear regiments to the right of the division, to support the First brigade in an attack and critical position, and accordingly moved with the Eighty-fourth and Eightieth Illinois, Thirtieth Indiana, and Seventy-seventh Pennsylvania, to the position indicated, and placed them in reserve.
June 22.-Moved with whole brigade during afternoon and night two miles to the right, to support and relieve a part of the Twentieth corps. Took position in close proximity to the enemy and fortified.
June 23.-Was ordered and made an attack on the enemy's line, which was unsuccessful, and with fearful loss upon our skirmish lines, heavily formed. Lieutenant Hendricks, Thirtysixth Indiana, an accomplished young officer, fell dead in this attack pierced by a Minié ball.
June 24, 25, and 26.-Heavy firing at the intrenched position of the enemy, four hundred yards distant.
June 27.-Heavy assault made upon the enemy's lines at various points; my command was in one line, all in the trenches, and was not to advance, yet suffered considerable loss. The assault failed, with heavy loss to our arms. Heavy skirmishing and artillery firing kept up on both sides until the night of the second of July, when the enemy retreated under cover of the night, and lost their hold and position on Kenesaw Mountain, and vacated Marietta.
July 3.-Pursued the enemy early; my brigade in advance. Fifty-ninth Illinois first to enter Marietta. Found the enemy in the evening, five miles from Marietta, on Atlanta road, strongly intrenched.
July 4.-Celebrated the national anniversary by a charge over a large corn-farm, carried the enemy's outer works, taking many prisoners, with a loss of eighty-nine killed and wounded in my brigade. Held the position until night, under the cover of which the enemy withdrew four miles to the Chattahoochee river. Captain Hale, brigade officer of the day, of the Seventyfifth Illinois, one of the best officers in the army, fell here.
July 5.-Pursued the enemy, Wood's division in front, to the river. Continued skirmishing until July tenth.
July 10.-Marched five miles up the river.
July 12.-Crossed the Chattahoochee, marched down the left bank, and encamped at Powers' Ferry, in front of Twenty-third corps, with our corps; Thirty-sixth Indiana commenced and
built, while here, a trestle bridge over the river, which was completed on the sixteenth of Julv.
July 18.-Moved from Powers' Ferry, with corps, to near Buckhead, south seven miles.
July 19.-Advanced across Peach-tree creek, Seventy-fifth Illinois in advance; skirmished and drove the enemy from destroyed bridge, and rebuilt the same.
July 20.-Moved with division, Second brigade in front; crossed South Peach-tree creek; came upon the fortified position of the enemy, went into line on the right of the Second brigade, attacked the rifle-pits of the rebels, and carried the same, taking forty-three prisoners. July 21.-Advanced my lines and fortified; skirmished all day. At night the enemy re
August 30.-Marched to Shoal creek, five miles.
August 31.-The Army of the Tennessee fighting to day in front and on west of Jonesboro', Georgia; our corps advanced east; met cavalry behind works on east bank of Flint river. My brigade was formed, Ninth Indiana, Eightyfour th Illinois, and Eighty-fourth Indiana in front line, and with a strong skirmish line drove the enemy from their position, and advanced, Wood's division in front, Twenty-third corps on our left, and both corps struck the Macon railroad about four o'clock P. M., and fortified the position, my command in line on the right of the division, the Second division, General Newton, extending my right; our corps fronting south. All quiet during the night.
September 1.-Our division marched at six o'clock A. M., First brigade in advance, moving on the railroad toward Jonesboro', and under orders spent most of the day in destruction of railroad as we advanced. At about four o'clock P. M., the advance brigade of our division made a junction with the left of the Fourteenth corps on the railroad, at a point about two miles north of Jonesboro'. The First brigade formed in line,
July 22.-Pursued the enemy at three o'clock A. M.; came up to him in his fortifications at sunrise, in front of Atlanta, Georgia, on the north, two miles from the centre of the city. Took position; the balance of the division came up on the left, Wood's division on the right. Here we intrenched; skirmished with the enemy daily; took up his picket lines twice, capturing most of them, until the twenty-sev-its enth of July. Major-General Stanley being assigned to command the corps, I came in and assumed command of the division.
August 5. Relieved from command of division, and assigned as Brigadier to the command of the brigade again. On this day, by orders from corps headquarters, the brigade attempted an assault on the enemy's works, and lost thirtysix men, among whom were the brave Captain Walker, of the Seventy-seventh Pennsylvania, and the gallant young officer, Lieutenant lard, of the Thirty-sixth Indiana.
right near or upon the railroad. I was ordered by General Kimball to prolong the left of the First brigade, which I did without halting, until my advance was checked by getting into a thick bramble of underbrush and a swamp in a dense woodland, through which it was impossible to ride, and the enemy with a heavy skirmish line in our front, and his artillery in reach playing upon us, contributed to impede our progress. The course or direction when I entered the woods seemed to be about south, and, upon Wil-emerging from it, at a distance of a half to three fourths of a mile, the brigade to my right had August 22.-Marched at three o'clock, with shifted to the right to such an extent, that I had six regiments, two miles to the left; struck the to move right oblique to fill the space, and my enemy's out picket line, drove them, captured left swinging around so that when my lines came eight prisoners, made demonstration, and return- upon the lines of the enemy behind barricades, my ed, with small loss. On the fifteenth of August, front was about south-west. And by the time we the Eighty-fourth Indiana, Lieutenant-Colonel got the lines straightened up and the enemy's skirNeff, was transposed into my brigade, and the mishers driven back, and the position of the enemy Fifty-ninth Illinois into the Second brigade. discovered, night came on. Yet my lines, SevenWith frequent skirmishing and changes of lines ty-seventh Pennsylvania, Eighty-fourth and Eighand positions of regiments, this brigade sub-tieth Illinois, and Ninth Indiana, in front line, stantially remained at the same position in the siege of Atlanta, from the morning of the twenty-second of July until the night of the twenty-fifth of August, when we received orders and marched to the right, seven miles, to Procter's creek, and rested until daylight on the morning of August twenty-sixth, when, starting at eight o'clock A. M., we moved with the corps seven miles south, across Utoy creek, and camped for the night.
August 27.-Marched, with corps, four miles south, to Camp creek, and camped.
August 28.-Marched south-east three miles, to Red Oak station on West Point railroad, striking this road twelve miles south-west from Atlanta.
August 29.-Lay still and fortified.
pressed forward under a heavy canister fire from the enemy's guns to within three hundred yards of their barricaded lines. When the fighting ceased at dark, one of General Newton's brigades had moved up toward my left, and his skirmish line connected with the left of my front battleline. The barricade of the enemy ceased opposite the left of my lines. During the night the enemy withdrew.
September 2.-At early day I advanced my brigade into the enemy's vacated works, issued rations, and marched in pursuit of the enemy on the road toward Lovejoy, my brigade in advance of our division, the Second and Third divisions of our corps in advance of me. At about one or two o'clock P. M., our advance came up to the enemy, and in the deploying of the column, I
was ordered and moved to the left of the railroad, about one mile and a half; formed my lines, Eighty-fourth Indiana, Eighty-fourth Illinois, and Seventy-fifth Illinois in front line, in a corn-field on the left of Colonel Knefler's brigade, of Wood's division, and advanced rapidly as the ground (very rough and hilly) would permit. We soon came upon the enemy in rifle-pits, about five-hundred yards in advance of his main works (heavy trenches). assaulted and carried the pits, taking most of the men in them prisoners. Our advance skirmishers went beyond these pits toward the main works of the enemy, but were driven back with severe loss. Much of the injury I received here was from the enemy's artillery with canister. Our artillery did not come up until next day, nearly twenty-four hours after the fight; my front lines maintained their positions at the line of these pits, and fortified during the night. Colonel Taylor's brigade soon came into position on my left. The loss in my command during these two last days was ninety killed and wounded; among the latter were: Captain Brinton, my A. A. A. G., severe wound in arm; Major Phillips, Seventy-seventh Pennsylvania, arm off; Captain Fellows and Captain Taylor of the Eighty-fourth Indiana; all fell bravely at their posts. September 3.-No change in position to-day, but much firing at each other's lines, with some casualties, which remained so until the morning of September fifth. When twenty-six miles east
of south of Atlanta, in front of Lovejoy, a station on the Macon railroad, and seventy-five miles from the latter place, orders were received announcing that the campaign had ended, and that the army would fall back to Atlanta, rest for one month, and "prepare for a fine winter's campaign." Thus ended the most eventful and successful campaign in the history of the war. The enemy driven from Dalton, his stronghold, over rivers and mountains, natural strong military positions one after another were yielded up to the power of our arms, until the "Gate City," Atlanta, was at last vacated to the onward march of our brave and gallant armies. It is due to the officers and men of my command, to notice in terms of gratification to myself, and commendation to them, that better soldiers I never wish nor expect to command: all willing and ready to obey every order, without regard to fatigue, peril or danger, without halt or hesi tation. Many acts of distinguished valor could be mentioned that came under my immediate notice, but they are so numerous it would be impossible to do full justice to all.
The effective force of my command monthly during the campaign was as follows: May 30, 1864, including battery,
July 31, August 31,"
The casualties of the campaign are as follows:
I am, Captain,
Your most obedient servant,
A change of provost-marshals inadvertently deranged the papers, so I am now unable to give an accurate list of the prisoners captured by my command during the campaign, but the FRANK BINGHAM, probable number was about five hundred to six
Captain, A. A. A. G.
CAMP EIGHTEENTH UNITED STATES INFANTRY,
Brigadier General W. D. Whipple, Assistant
In front of Kenesaw Mountain the detachment lost, after I assumed command in the month of June, wounded, eight enlisted men.
July 4.-The detachment supported two batteries under a destructively severe artillery fire from the enemy. Also charged rebel line of skirmishers and drove them, thus causing or materially aiding in causing the whole rebel line to evacuate its position during the ensuing night. July 20. The detachment in the battle of Peach-tree creek was under musketry fire; also subjected to severe shelling.
July 22.-Intrenched within one and a half miles of Atlanta, Georgia.
Loss during July, 1864:
Commissioned officers, wounded................... Enlisted men,
August 7.-The detachment assaulted the enemy's line of rifle-pits; the detachment of the Fifteenth United States infantry and Eleventh Michigan volunteer infantry supported detachvery soon connected with it on its right, the ment Eighteenth United States infantry, and whole being under my command, as senior offithe first assault I took advantage of a ravine cer on the field. Engaged with the enemy. After beyond the open field, over which we had driven the enemy, to reform the line, which had become partially disorganized, owing to the difficulties of the ground and the very severe flank and front fire, both artillery and musketry, which had been playing on us while driving the enemy across the open field. After I had reformed, I again moved forward with the Eighteenth and Fifteenth regulars, driving the enemy into their main works, and arriving with my line, composed of the regular regiments above mentioned, at the abatis close to the enemy's main works. The Eleventh Michigan during the second assault remained in position, protecting my right.
Had I been supported, and the enemy attacked by the division on my right, and by the brigade on my left, as I had been told would be the case, I am of opinion that the main line of works around Atlanta would have fallen on the seventh of August.
The forces under my command had been engaged from one o'clock P. M. until nearly dusk; nearly one third of my men had been put hors de combat, and I was almost entirely out of ammunition, not having had time to send to the rear for it, so that had I finally succeeded in entering the enemy's works, I should only have succeeded in turning my remaining small force over to the enemy as prisoners. We, however, successfully advanced our main line about half a mile, intrenching and holding it, taking three lines of rebel rifle-pits, and capturing a large number of prisoners, three hundred of them being credited to my command; a large number of prisoners were sent to the rear without a guard, not having men to spare, by my orders, and were taken up, I have been told, by General Carlin's brigade, which was undoubtedly credited with the number thus taken up. General Carlin's brigade, however, was not actually engaged, and did not, I am sure, capture a single prisoner. This assault was most successful and brilliant, and due credit should be given to whom it was mainly owing, viz.: the Eighteenth and Fifteenth regulars.
Loss during August, 1864:
Angust 3.-The detachment deployed as skirmishers and drove the enemy s cavalry vedettes and pickets.
September 1.-The detachment as a portion of the regular brigade, was most actively engaged with the enemy at the battle of
Jonesboro', Georgia. We assaulted the enemy's intrenched position in the edge of woods, moving in line of battle through an open, difficult swamp, across an open field, under the severest artillery and musketry fire, flank and front
It became necessary to reform the line, after crossing the swamp, and finding it almost impossible to get my men forward through the fire, I deemed it necessary to give them the encouragement of my example (as, indeed, I had previously done, especially on the seventh of August), and so rode in front of my colors, and caused them to be successfully planted on the enemy's works, jumping my horse over them, at the time they were filled with the enemy, being the first man of our army over the enemy's works. I was almost instantly struck from my horse, inside of the enemy's works, while cheering on my men, being severely wounded by shell and bullet. I however, held the works, and retained command for some minutes, until I was taken to the rear, in a semiconscious state.
The detachment lost in this battle:
Commisoned officers wounded
A large number of prisoners were also captured by the Eighteenth regulars, in this battle. The casualties in this detachment, during the Atlanta campaign, from May 2, 1864, to September 2, 1864, were as follows:
Commissioned officers wounded
I should be derelict in my duty, did I not most earnestly recommend for brevets the following meritorious and gallant officers, for distinguished bravery and conduct on the field of battle, viz.:
Captain A. S. Burt, Eighteenth United States infantry, for gallantry on the first of September, | 1864.
First Lieutenant Thos. B. Burrows, Eighteenth United States infantry, for gallantry on the seventh of August, 1864; the same for gallantry on the first of September, 1864, when he was severely wounded.
First Lieutenant James Powell, Eighteenth United States infantry, for gallantry on the fourth of July, 1864; the same for great gallantry on the seventh of August, 1864; the same for great gallantry on the first of September, 1864, when he was severely wounded.
First Lieutenant Frederick Phisterer, Eighteenth United States infantry, for good conduct and gallantry on the fourth of July, 1864; the same for good conduct and great gallantry on the seventh of August, 1864.
First Lieutenant Wm. H. Bisbee, Eighteenth United States infantry, for gallantry on the fourth of July, 1864; the same, for great gallantry on the seventh of August, 1864; the same, for good conduct and great gallantry on the first of September, 1864.
First Lieutenant Alfred Townsend, Eighteenth United States infantry, for gallantry on the fourth of July, 1864; the same for gallantry on the seventh of August, 1864, where he was severely wounded.
I am, General, very respectfully,
L. M. KELLOGG,
Captain, Eighteenth United States Infantry.
REPORT OF MAJOR-GENERAL SHERMAN.
HEADQUARTERS MILITARY DIVISION OF THE MISSISSIPPI, ATLANTA, GEORGIA, September 15, 1864. 10 GENERAL: I have heretofore, from day to day, .166 by telegraph, kept the War Department and the 38 General-in-Chief advised of the progress of 17 events, but now it becomes necessary to review the whole campaign, which has resulted in the capture and occupation of the city of Atlanta. On the fourteenth day of March, 1864, at Memphis, Tennessee, I received notice from General Grant, at Nashville, that he had been commissioned Lieutenant-General and Commander-in-Chief of the Armies of the United States, which would compel him to to go East, and that I had been appointed to succeed him as commander of the Division of the Mississippi. He summoned me to Nashville for a conference, and I took my departure the same day, and reached Nashville, via Cairo, on the seventeenth, and accompanied him on his journey eastward as far as Cincinnati. We had a full and complete understanding of the policy and plans for the ensuing campaign, covering a vast area of country, my part of which extended from Chattanooga to Vicksburg. I returned to Nashville, and on the twenty-fifth began a tour of inspection, visiting Athens, Decatur, Huntsville, and Larkin's Ferry, Alabama; Chattanooga, Loudon, and Knoxville, Tennessee. During this visit I had interviews with Major-General McPherson,
Captain G. W. Smith, Eighteenth United States infantry, for good conduct and gallantry on the fourth of July, 1864.
Captain R. B. Hull, Eighteenth United States infantry, for gallantry on the seventh of August, 1864; the same for great gallantry on the first of September, 1864.
Captain W. J. Fetterman, Eighteenth United States infantry, for good conduct and gallantry on the fourth of July, 1864.
Captain Ansel B. Deuten, Eighteenth United States infantry, for good conduct and gallantry on the fourth of July, 1864.
Captain Anson Mills, Eighteenth United States infantry, for gallantry and skill on the fourth of July, 1864.