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designed by Providence for that jewel on her ner of the patriot, serving at the altar and stand. breast; and this is the quack who gains most ing by the steps of the throne, in the professor's with women.

chair and by the bedside of the sick, grinding THE POLITICAL QUACK.

colors for the painter, nibbing pens for the writer, As for the quack political, is there one of the freighting vessels by contract, and measuring out trade not of the brotherhood ? From the diplo- silks at a sacrifice, at the head of armies and in matist who juggles with a people's liberties, and the class list of a dame's school—everywhere and amuses the nation by his clever thimble-rigging, always they are to be found generally in green to the small spouter at a public meeting, is there and flourishing condition, sadly discouraging to one in ten with an honest mind, clean-swept and poor honesty, begging wayside pence. When we free of quackery? I think not. The quack po. shall have buried quackery, we shall have filled litical generally understands to a nicety the tex. up the deepest slough which lies between us and ture of the feathers with which it is desirable good—we shall have cleansed our corn fields of that he construct his private nest. He knows their rankest weeds, and cleared our mines of the whereabouts they lie among the ripe corn, and foulest gases. This will be the inauguration of follows eagerly the larger birds which wear them that good time coming, which has never come in their crests and tails. Sometimes he is dar- yet, but which we all know is waiting for us ing, and makes a dash at that stately egret float- round the corner of the present. ing white and high above him ; sometimes he plucks the long pendants trailing through the

War Terms. yard, battling for his possessions with all the barn-door rabble; and sometimes he only lurks THE Columbiad or Paixhan, (pronounced about the gilded cages, biding his time, and wait- payzan) is a large gun, designed principally for ing on the generous offices of chance and riches firing shells — it being far more accurate than dropped through the bars. But always and ever the ordinary short mortar. A mortar is a very the main object of his life, the fixed desire of his short cannou with a large bore — some of them soul, is-feathers.

thirteen inches in diameter - for firing shells. Here and there, indeed, but rare as tropical Those in use in our army are set at an angle of birds in Northern steppes, may be found one forty-five degrees, and the range of the shell is with only the naked bough for his home, roofed varied by altering the charge of powder. The in by leaves of oak and laurel. He has done his shch is caused to explode at just about the time day's work without a thought of feathers. He that it strikes, by means of a fuse, the length of has battled his bravest and flown at his highest, which is adjusted to the time of flight to be not for a sumptuous place of rest as his reward, occupied by the ball, which, of course, correbut for the eternal good of the world—to strike sponds with the range. The accuracy with down tyranny in high places, to confront the lev- which the time of the burning of a fuse can be el greediness of the lower herd, to break the bars adjusted by varying its length is surprising – of the gilded cages and force on the sleepy pris good artillerists generally succeeding in having oners of wealth a life of lofty daring and noble their shells explode almost at the exact instant deeds. But he is not of the quack tribe at all ; of striking. In loading a mortar, the shell is and to him, therefore, we would offer our loving carefully placed with the fuse directly forward, reverence wherever he may be found, whether and when the piece is discharged, the shell is so by the shores of the blue Mediterranean, or in

completely enveloped with flame that the fuse is the smoke of our own manufacturing towns, bold

nearly always fired. The fuse is made by filling ing him sacredly apart from the mummers who

a wooden cylinder with fuse powder — the cylie in painted masks beneath the fruit-trees, tell.

linder being of a sufficient length for the longest ing golden grapes for beads, while honest men stand empty-handed on the bleak common with range, to be cut down shorter for shorter ranges,

as required. A Dahlgren gun is an ordinary out.

cannon, except that it has been made very thick Other quacks there are, thick as gnats on a at the breech for some three or four feet, when summer's day, shadows of all that is bright in it tapers down sharply to less than the usual man, distorted images of a beautiful original. size. This form was adopted in consequence of But it would be too long to catalogue them, un. the experiments of Captain Dahlgren, of the less I named every faculty and profession extant. U.S. N.-having shown that when a gun bursts, For they creep in everywhere as night flows in it usually gives way at the breech. The Niagara to every corner of the daylight. Under the ban.lis armed with these guns, and at the Brooklyn




Navy Yard there are sixty, weighing about nine

For the Schoolmaster. thousard pounds each, and six of twelve thou

The Valley of the Nile. sand pounds weight each, the former of which

[The following oration was written and deare capable of carrying a nine inch, and the lat- livered by a lad of the Providence High School, ter a ten inch shell a distance of two or three Classical Department, at the annual exhibition miles; and there is one gun of this pattern in May, 1861.] which weighs fifteen thousand nine hundred Works of art and monuments of once powand sixteen pounds, and is warranted to send an erful but now fallen empires ever interest and eleven inch shell four miles. A casement is a please the modern traveller; he delights in wanstone roof to a fort, made sufficiently thick to dering among the tombs of their departed kings, resist the force of cannon balls; and a casement and in pondering upon memorials which they gun is one which'is placed under a casement. have left behind them; he delights in rambling A barbette is one which is placed on the top of among the ruins of their temples, and in reflectthe fortification. An embrasure is the hole or ing upon the splendor and magnificence that opening through which guns are fired from for once had being there. tifications. Loop holes are openings in walls The valley of the Nile, memorable on account to fire musketry through.—Scientific Amcrican. of its ancient and sacred history, does not fail

to be most interesting to the modern tourist. A battalion is a body smaller than a regiment, He may wander along the banks of the yellow say two or four companies, and is commanded Tiber, and reflect upon imperial Rome and the by a major. A regiment is composed of eight prowess of her arms; he may wander among companies, and is coinmanded by a colonel ; 1t the rugged hills and along the banks of the has also a lieutenant-colonel and a major. A mountain torrents of classic Greece, and ponbrigade is composed of two or more regiments, der upon her success in thu arts and sciences, and is commanded by a brigadier-general. A and upon her subtilty in learning. But these division is composed of two or more brigades, are regarded as but secondary objects of interand is commanded by a major-general. Lieu-est, as he rambles along the banks of the Vile tenant-general is an office created in honor of and reflects upon the former glory of Egypt. General Scott, after the war with Mexico, and And as associations cluster around him, as he is, in this country, peculiar to him only. thinks of the Patriarchs of old, who centuries

ago walked by this same stream and drank of For the Schoolmaster. Robin Gray.

the same limpid waters, — Athens and Rome

are forgotten, and he thinks only of the former ADOWS the long path's grassy track,

splendor of Thebes and Memphis. I saw the light wind lift the hair, The flowers I gave her wasted back

The mighty Nile now tlowing precipitately A perfume on the happy air,

between steep cliffs, now peacefully through Oh! Robin Gray, I heard her say,

fertile plains, pours majestically through its While yet I lingered by her side,

seven mouths into the sea. Fields smiling with One year to-day, this happy May,

luxuriant harvests border on either side, while And I will be your bride.

the banks & re dotted here and there with wav. Adown the long path's grassy track,

ing groves decked with truly Oriental foliage; The wind still sports; the roses blow,

and above all is the serene and mellow sky The swallow's twitter bears me back

known only to the country of the Nile. Yet To that blest day one year ago,

this is but the present ; – the past has been far The May's soft light, so still and bright, different. Is flooding all the valley now,

These meadows where now the husbandman Creek, tree and height are all in sight, grows his thriving crops, have been the scenes of But Mary, where art thou ?

carnage and of war's fierce din ; over these arid Oh! fleeted moments, travel back,

sands where now the wandering Arab roams Say, can I e'er forget the day,

unmolested, invading armies have marched ; When down the long path's grassy track

and the noise of the cataracts has been drowned They bore my only love away;

by the roar of foreign cannon. Roman and It only seems my own sad dreams,

Grecian conquerors, not content with deluging Are with me in this soft May even;

their own fair lands with human blood, sought Her May-moon beams on fairer streams, the fertile plains of Egypt for the purpose of It rises now in Heaven.

gratifying their thirsting ambitions; and the

1. C. P.

From the Massachusetts Teacher.

horrors of war, which had brought desolation Cairo still stands, but it is not the Cairo of on their own countries, were renewed on the ancient times; the once proud seat of the roybanks of the Nile.

alty has become the chief market in human Time rolled on. Roman and Grecian con- flesh. The Pyramids still raise their towering querors had passed away. The fields bloomed summits to the skies, -- enduring monuments of with all their former luxuriance, and the hus- Egypt's former greatness. Here they have stood bandman again attended his peaceful vocation. witness alike of Cæsar's conquest and NapoYet it was not long to remain so ; fearful war, leon's invasion ; here they still stand, seeing which before had made such inroads on its soil, only ruin and desolation where once splendor was doomed once more to sprcad ruin over these and magnificence held undisputed sway. Here pleasant valleys, and to carry desolation to the still sits the lonely Sphynx, watching with hearts of the unhappy people.

mournful eye over the tombs of the departed Napoleon, cherishing in his mind fond dreams race, — over the monuments of a fallen empire. of Oriental conquest, fixed upon Egypt for the Man has passed away, but these specimens of success of his arms. England and France, after his handiwork still remain. years of unceasing warfare, and as if conscious Centuries of oppression and degradation have that Europe had too often been afflicted with rolled over the land of Egypt; Persian, Roman the curse of war, sought the valley of the Nile and Greek have trodden her under foot. Yet for their contests.

she has but met the fate of others, – as she was But it is not the battle-grounds that interest the first to rise, so was she the first to totter and the modern tourist ; it is not of the armies that fall. The thick veil of barbarism is again drawn have marched across these plains that the tra

over the country of the Pharaohs, and the cuise veller loves to dream, as he pauses on the banks of an offended God rests upon the valley of the

Nile. of the Nile; but he muses on the glory of her former greatness, on the monuments and ruins of her temples. These urge the traveller from

Hints for Those who Need Them. the refinement and society of modern life to wander among the tombs of departed kings. MANY teachers are too inactive. There is but While Greece was hidden in the obscurity of little apparent life in the school, and the exerbarbarism, and before civilization had spread its cises drag. The teacher need not, however, be gentle light along the banks of the Tiber, Egypt in a constant hurry and excitement, moving conhad far advanced in learning, and had reached tinually about the room, without any object in the highest point in architecture and sculpture. view except to be stirring. Too much moreHere where “mind had its being,” the arts and ment tends to tire and confuse. There should sciences first gained a foothold. Greece did not be activity without bustle. The teacher should disdain to send her sons to obtain learning from not feel in duty bound to be constantly on his Egyptian fountains; Romans sought the tem- feet, for fear of being called lazy if he do otherples of the Nile for the study of architecture; wise. He should know when to stand, and and a specimen of Egyptian handiwork now when to sit, and to do this with the consciouslooks down upon modern Paris. Centuries of ness of exercising his own independence. His enlightenment have passed since the downfall of voice should not be in too high a key. This is Egypt, set civilization, with all her arts, has a great fault with many. It is absolutely painproduced no such cities as those, the splendor ful to hear the tones, “so petulent and shrill," of which were celebrated in Eastern story. (of many a teacher. If the fault was confined Here were Memphis and Cairo. Here, too, was to the individual, the case would be less deplormagnificent Thebes, from whose one hundred able; but the children learn to imitate, and soon brazen portals in days of old, conquering hordes there is a chorus of unnatural vices. The poured forth, over-running earth's fairest plains teacher's intention is good. He desires to bring and carrying victory to the Holy City itself. out full, clear tones, and make the pupils "speak But the destroyer came; Persian hosts poured up;” but the means are not commensurate with through her crowded streets; the sanctity of the object. her temples was violatrd by the ruthiess hands

If a person is not aware of speaking in an of the invader, and Thebes, once the most mag- unnatural voice in the school-room, let him ask nificent city the world has ever known, was a friend to visit his school and notice anything transformed into a shapeless mass of ruins, that may be peculiar to him in tone and manner.


If some such method were pursued, many of is akin to the answer, but not it. No matter the defects, now easily seen, would be removed, what the question may be, that question, and and better models would be placed before the no other, should be answered.

This is espepupils.

cially important in the primary schools, where One of the most successful female teachers in the children are young and need every instruthe State, not long since, requested an individ- mentality to aid them in securing accuracy and ual who happened to be present at one or two thoroughness. of her exercises, to tell her if he discovered

Many young teachers do not hesitate to sit anything that was peculiar or disagreeable in wherever they can find a place, whether that be her manner or mode of address, or indeed in a chair, a desk, or anything else that offers an anything that was cornected with her work. opportunity. This is a bad habit, and should There was much frankness in her request, and be immediately relinquished.

The effect upon the stranger was induced to remark that he had the pupils is very injuricus. Take a seat where been exceedingly interested in the exercises to persons are expected to sit, and no where else. which he had listened, and especially in the A gentleman called at a school-room not many manner in which the subjects had been present- months since, and found the teacher sitting on ed. He had seen and heard much to commend a very low, dirty platform, while conducting a as excellent, and, as she had been frank with recitation. Before the close of his visit, she him, he would be equally frank with her. He had occupied several other places almost as unstated, or rather illustrated, a few attitudes desirable. It may not be wrong to state that which she assumed every two or three minutes, many teachers fail of securing good appointduring each of the recitation-hours. She had ments mainly on account of some bad habits never thought of the matter before, but then such as these, and many more that might be seemed to see herself, as in a glass, going through mentioned. Too much care cannot be taken of those same movements, which had been her habit one's self, if he is to stand before discerning pufor several years, and wondered no friend had pils as a guide and teacher. The very tones and ever told her of what must have been so un- gait of a teacher will be, more or less, imitated pleasant to both visitors and pupils. To her by young children, and they will, in a short honor be it said, she immediately commenced a time, acquire that which cannot be eradicated rigid self-discipline, and, in a short time, the in months or years. bad habit was overcome, and she now possesses

Use every exertion to keep the school-room an ease and grace of manner that are truly clean, as well as the stairs and halls. Nothing pleasing.

can be well done without this precaution. The Pupils are often allowed to hold their books general tone and character of a school can be in the right-hand. This is a bad practice. How determined, to a very great extent, by observawkward it looks to see a minister thus holding ing the degree of neatness that prevails. A his book! A taste should be cultivated and a high state of morals, where much dirt exists, habit formed, in this respect, in early life. If cannot be secured. this were done to any considerable extent, we should not see so many as we now do, who

LORD BROUGHAM, at a meeting of a Law Soseem almost devoid of taste.

ciety, told the following story, observing that The members of a class, during recitation, no mode of payment could be fair which overshould be made to stand still; constant motion looked the previous training of the workman: is unnecessary, and ought to be prevented. If Sir Joshua Reynolds was once asked by a perthe class is allowed to sit, it should be required son for whom he had painted a small picture, to sit still. This doing neither the one thing how he could charge so much for a work which nor the other is bad in theory and not safe in had only employed him for five days? Sir Joshua practice, and is often the precursor of a multi- replied, “ Five days! why, sir, I have expendtude of evils, which the teacher may wish to ed the work of thirty-five years upon it.” The remedy but cannot. The only prudent courselold negro, of whom the following is related, is to check it ai the outset, and require prompt seems to have been imbued with the same phiobedience in every little thing, as a paramount losophy: “ You charge a dollar for killing a duty.

calf, you black rascal !” his employer said to A teacher should not fall into the habit of him. “ No, no, massa ; me charge fifty cents asking a question and acceping something that for killum calf, and fifty cents for the know-how."

For the Schoolmaster.

in all disputes and differences now subsisting or The Right of Secession.

that may hereafter arise between two or more At such a time as the present, when all pre

States concerning boundary, juri-diction, or any cedent fails, when history ceases to instruct,

other cause whaierer." And again : “ Every when our good ship of State is loosed from her

State shall abide by the determination of the moorings by a mutinous crew, when we are be United States in Congress assembled, on all wildered by the most absurd doctrines and as

questions which by this constitution are sub

And the “ Articles of this sumptions, and by more absurd conduct, it is mitted to them.” necessary to go Lack to first principles; to take Confederation shall be inviolably observed by original bearings; to calculate anew our lati- every State and the union shall be perpetua!.tude and longitude.

When this Confederation was found to be deWhen men by hundreds and thousands, by fective, then a convention was called to frame a counties and States, are mentally mad and mor- more perfect constitution. ally insane ; when the bottomless fountains of In the preamble of this wonderful document, the great deep of human passions are complete- which has for three-fourths of a century been ly broken up, we may not be so severely startled called by the wisest men of Europe and America to hear that the most distinctive truths of the the grandest work of an in political affairs, we Declaration of Independence – a document are told that " We, the people of the United formerly held in great respect — should be de- States, in order to form a more perfect union, risively called “glittering gereralities"; that establish justice, * * * and secure the the moral philosophy of the North is in toto blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posteriwrong; that “there is no such thing as an ty, do ordain and establish this Constitution for eternal right and an eternal wrong"; that hu- the United States of America." man slavery is as much a divine institution a The prime object of forming this Constitution, marriage; and that this nation is simply a lim. therefore, was to perfect the "perpetual union" ited partnership, entered into by a voluntary of these States. Surely, then, they would take contract which may be annulled, given up, re- good care that the union should not become, by pudiated, at any time either party considers it means of this constitution, merely a “rope of desirable.

sand.” At such a time as this it becomes absolutely

By the Eth section of the 1st article we obindispensable that we calculate our position, serre that the entire control of the militia of the and guide our course by no false stars or incor- several States, and especially the calling them réct tables of reckoning.

forth to " execute the laws of the Union, supReverting, then, to the Constitution of the press insurrections," &c., is given, not to the United States as it was framed by the immortal States themselves, but to the Congress of the men of that early period, what way-marks do United States, who have by law mainly delewe find by which to direct our course in this gated this power to the President, who is, ezcloudy, stormy period ?

officio, Commander in Chief of the United Siates We take up this question at the present time, torces. not that there is any doubt in the mind of any

It is to be observed, further, that (art. 1, 1 x.) reasonable, responsible being about the preten- - No State shall, without the consent of the tions and bluster concerning the preposterous Congress, lay any imposis or duties," &c., right of secession, but that we may be able, at " keep troops, or ships of war, in time of peace, all times, to give a reason for the hope within us. enter into any agreement or compact with an

In the first place, then, we observe that the other State, or with a foreign power, or engage “ Articles of Confederation,” proposed by Dr. in war, unless actually invaded, or in such im. Franklin, on the 21st July, 1776, were styled minent danger as will not admit of delay." " ARTICLES or CONFEDERATION AND PERPETUAL We also find an express provision in the Con. Union,” and the first article says : The name stitution (art. 1. § VIII.) giving to Congress powof this confederacy shall henceforth be • Theer - To exercise exclusive legislation in alt cases United Colonies of North America.'

whatever, over such district as may," &c. “ be. In the “ Articles of Confederation” as finally come the seat of government of the United adopted the 15th of November 1777, we tind States, and to exercise like authority over all the following: The United States in the Con- places purchased by the consent of the legislagress assembled shall be the last resort on appeal ture of the State in which the same shall be,


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