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Monday, June 15, 1863. In witness whereof, I have hereto set my The Convention met in the Hall of the hand, and caused the Great Seal of the
State to be affixed. Done at JefHouse of Representatives at the Capitol in the City of Jefferson, at 10 o'clock A. M., in
ferson City, the day and year first
above mentioned. pursuance of the following call of the Gov
By the Governor : H. R. GAMBLE.
M. OLIVER, Sec’y of State.
The roll was called, and the following The subject of Emancipation has now for members answered to their names, viz: some time engaged the public mind, and it Messrs. Birch, Bogy, Breckinridge, Bush, is of the highest importance to the interest Douglass, Dunn, Flood, Hitchcock, Holt, of the State that some scheme of Emanci- Hough, How, Howell, Leeper, Linton, Mcpation should be adopted.
Clurg, McDowell, McFerran, Norton, Orr, The General Assembly at its late session Rankins, Ray, Scott, Shanklin, Sheeley, being embarrassed by Constitutional lini-Smith of Linn, Smith of St. Louis, Vanitations upon its power, failed to adopt any buskirk, Waller, Welch, Woodson, and measure upon the subject of Emancipation, Mr. President–31. but clearly indicated a wish that the Con- There being no quorum present, on movention should be called together to take tion of Mr. Bogy the Convention adjourned action upon the subject.
until 41 o'clock P. M. Therefore, I, Hamilton R. Gamble, Governor of the State of Missouri, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Con
EVENING SESSION. vention, do hereby call the said Convention The Convention met pursuant to adjournto assemble at the Capitol, in the City of ment. Jefferson, on the FIFTEENTH DAY OF The roll was called, and the following JUNE NEXT, then and there to consult members answered to their names, in adand act upon the subject of Emancipation dition to those already present, viz: of slaves, and such other matters as may
be Messrs. Bass, Bast, Broadhead, Bridge, connected with the peace and prosperity of Drake, Eitzen, Gantt, Hall of B., Hall of the State,
R., Henderson, Holmes, Holt, Kidd, Mar
vin, Matson, Meyer, Morrow, Phillips, Ritchey, Ross, Shackelford of St. L., and Woolfolk.
Mr. HENDERSON presented the credentials of Solomon R. Moxley as a delegate elect
from the Second Senatorial District.
Mr. SMITH of St. Louis presented the credentials of Charles D. Drake as a delegate elect from the Twenty-ninth Senato
Mr. McCLURG presented the credentials of William Baker as a delegate elect from the Twentieth Senatorial District.
Mr. GRAVELLY presented the credentials of Claudius B. Walker as a delegate from the Eighteenth Senatorial District.
Mr. STEWART presented the credentials of Wm. J. Duvall as a delegate from the Twenty-second Senatorial District.
Mr. HOUGH presented the credentials of Henry J. Deal as a delegate from the Twenty-fifth Senatorial District.
Mr. ORR presented the credentials of H. J. Lindenbower as a delegate from the Nineteenth Senatorial District.
On motion of Mr. PHILLIPS, the credentials of each of said delegates were referred to a committee of three, consisting of Messrs. Phillips, Douglass and Henderson.
On motion of Mr. HALL of B.,
Resolved, That a Committee of three be appointed by the Chair to inform the Governor of the State that a quorum of this Convention is present and prepared to receive any communication he may think proper to make.
The PRESIDENT appointed Messrs. Hall of B., Bogy and Breckinridge said committee, who shortly after reported that the Governor would communicate with the Convention in writing.
On motion of Mr. HOWELL,
Resolved, That the Secretary of this body furnish each member with three daily newspapers during the sitting of the present session, and that the cost of the same be paid as other expenses of this Convention.
The PRESIDENT laid the following communication before the Convention :
JEFFERSON CITY, June 15, 1863.
Hon. ROBT. WILSON,
President of the Convention.
DEAR SIR: Mr. Vincent Marmaduke, a member elect from the Saline District, having been under military arrest for disloyalty, and now on parole about the city of St. Louis, has applied for an extension of his parole to the city of Jefferson, for the purpose of enabling him to attend the present session of the Convention. The Commanding General of this military department has instructed me to submit the matter to the Convention, and if it should appear that there is no objection on the part of that body to his taking his seat, his parole will be extended accordingly. Respectfully your ob't servant,
JAS. O. BROADHEAD,
Prov. Mar. Gen. of Dep't of Mo. On motion of Mr. FOSTER,
Resolved, That the Convention now proceed to the election of Doorkeeper, Sergeant-at-Arms and Chaplain.
Nominations for Doorkeeper being in
Mr. SCOTT nominated Mr. C. M. Ward, of Cole county.
Mr. COMINGO nominated Mr. W. H. Bates, of Cole county.
Mr. DOUGLASS nominated Mr. T. M. Winston, of Cole county.
Mr. GRAVELLY nominated Mr. Fred. Buehrle, of Cole county.
No other nominations having been made, the roll was called, when there appeared For Mr. Ward-9. "Mr. Bates-3. "Mr. Winston-41. "Mr. Buehrle-3.
Mr. Winston, having received a majority of all the votes cast, was declared elected Doorkeeper.
On motion of Mr. FOSTER, Mr. W. T. Porter was elected unanimously Sergeant-atArms.
On motion of Mr. FLOOD, Mr. J. A. Welch was declared unanimously elected Chaplain.
Mr. PHILLIPS, from a Special Committee, made the following report:
to consult and act upon matters of the highest interest to the State.
The subject named in the call as that which, in my judgment, chiefly demands your attention, is that of the emancipation of slaves.
In my message to the General Assembly I expressed to that body my general views upon the subject in this language:
"Having always lived in States where slavery existed, I have had no such prejudice against the institution as is felt and expressed by many. But I have long entertained the opinion that the material interests of Missouri would be promoted, and her resources would be more rapidly developed, by the substitution of free labor for slave labor. Entertaining this opinion, I looked to the rapid increase of free population and its excess over the slaves as
William J. Duvall, from the Twenty- sure, in time, and by ordinary laws that second Senatorial District.
Claudius B. Walker, from the Eighteenth
Your committee, therefore, present the accompanying resolution, and recommend its adoption. JOHN F. PHILLIPS, Chairman.
Resolved, That the following delegates elect, holding certificates of election, are prima facie entitled to seats in the Convention, and that they be admitted accordingly,
Wm. Baker, for the Twentieth District. Henry J. Deal, for the Twenty-fifth Dis
govern commercial interests, to effect a change in our labor system. Taking no part in public affairs, I have been content to let the whole subject take its natural course, without mingling in the discussion
which has arisen."
"The necessity for action at this time grows out of the present condition of the country. A great rebellion against our Government exists, and its primary object is to inaugurate a government in which slavery shall be fostered as the controlling interest."
"If the leaders of this rebellion do really desire to have our State within their pre
Charles D. Drake, for the Twenty-ninth tended confederacy, there can be no more District.
effectual mode of extinguishing that desire
H. J. Lindenbower, for the Nineteenth than by showing our purpose to clear the Districts. State ultimately of the institution which Wm. J. Duvall, for the Twenty-second forms the bond of cement among the rebelDistrict. lious States."
Sol. R. Moxley, for the Second District. Claudius B. Walker, for the Eighteenth District.
Which resolution was adopted.
The following message was received from the Governor by his Private Secretary, Mr. Bailey :
GENTLEMEN OF THE CONVENTION:
Under the power conferred upon me by your body, I have called you together again
Such being my views, and being bound by the Constitution "to recommend to the consideration of the General Assembly such measures as I should deem necessary and expedient," I suggested to that body a scheme of gradual emancipation. The General Assembly was prohibited by the Constitution from passing any law for the emancipation of slaves without the consent of their owners, or without paying them,
before such emancipation, a full equivalent emancipation is one upon which the minds for the slaves so emancipated. The pros- of men will differ, as they are affected by trated condition of the finances of the prejudice, or inflamed by passion, or conState rendered it impossible for the State trolled by reason; and among those who to pay the equivalent required by the Con- favor emancipation under the guidance of stitution. The certainty of obtaining mo- reason alone, there is such a variety of ney from the United States for that purpose opinions about schemes and the details of was not sufficiently clear to form the basis schemes, that there is no probability of of legislative action. The plan I recom- any scheme devised by a single mind meetmended would have reduced the compen- ing with the ready approval of other minds sation required to an insignificant amount; | in all its details. I will not, therefore, an amount which, in fact, might have been undertake the task of recommending any provided by the State.
given scheme. The General Assembly failed to act upon This, however, I may be allowed to say, the subject.
that if a body of intelligent and patriotic The importance of the subject, in its men will approach the subject with a deep relation to all the interests of the State, conviction that it is of the highest importdemanded, in my judgment, very speedy ance to the State that the subject should action by a body capable of finally dispos- be disposed of, they will be able to dispose ing of it, by the adoption of some wise and of it by agreeing upon some measure, aljust scheme of emancipation. The Senate though it may not, in all its details, be the passed a joint resolution requesting me to exact expression of the will of any indivicall the Convention together, and also a dual who sustains it. bill for the election of delegates to a new I will venture to say, farther, that in this, Convention, provided your body should as in all other cases in which a State, for not, before the first day of July next, adopt its own benefit, deprives any of its citizens' a scheme of emancipation. Although nei- of property, political morals require that ther of these measures was acted upon in the citizen shall be deprived of his rights the Ilouse of Representatives, yet the no farther than is necessary to make the .friends of emancipation in the llouse ex- public benefit certain and secure. While, hibited the greatest earnestness in endea- then, emancipation is necessary for the voring to have the bill which came from public good, the period at which it shall the Senate acted upon by the House, and be made effectual and complete admits of were only foiled by the application of strin- great diversity of opinion. This question gent parliamentary rules. This action in of time is one on which those wbo agree in the Assembly gave strength to my own con- respect to the main point can, by mutual viction, that you should be called together, concession, harmonize their views. rather than wait until the Assembly should
In my communication made to you at again convene in November next, and then your session in June last I submitted to initiate measures of emancipation, which
you a brief statement of what I had done might require some time before they could
up to that time to put the State in a condihave effect.
tion of defence, so that she might be proIt is under these circumstances that you tected against enemies, external and interhave been called to assemble, and the sub- nal. The latter class consisted of bands of ject of the emancipation of slaves is com- robbers and assassins, who, scattered over mended to your attention, as a subject of the country in smaller or greater numbers, the highest interest to the State, and in- made the existing state of war a corer for volving questions the most delicate and their schemes of plunder and murder. It difficult that you can be required to solve. became manifest that the regularly organ
I will not undertake the labor of develop- | ized forces in the service of the United ing any scheme and recommending it to States were not as well adapted to the you for adoption. The whole subject of work of ridding the country from these