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1839 Another financial panic. Banks suspend payment. 1840 The so-called "Log Cabin" and "Hard Cider ” Cam· paign.
CABINET OFFICERS, 8TH ADMINISTRATION—1837-1841,
Secretary of State. John Forsyth, Ga.
Secretary of the Treasury. Levi Woodbury, N. H.
Secretaries of the Navy. Mahlon Dickerson, N. J.; James K. Paulding, N. Y.
Postmasters-General. Amos Kendall, Ky.; John M. Niles,
Grundy, Tenn.; Henry D. Gilpin, Pa.
NATIONAL EXPENSES AND DEBT, 8TH ADMINISTRATION
1837. . $37,265,037
IMPORTS AND EXPORTS, 8TH ADMINISTRATION.
Benjamin F. Butler, N. Y.; Felix
WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON, Ninth President of the United States, was born at Berkeley, on the James River, Virginia, February 9th, 1773. His father was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, and one of the Governors of Virginia. William Henry was educated at Hampden, Sydney College, Virginia, and pursued the study of medicine. He was, however, drawn from the duties of his profession by the barbarities of the Indians along ou north-western frontier. In 1791, he received from President Washington a commission as ensign in the artillery, and was, during the next year, promoted for meritorious service to the rank of lieutenant. He served under General Wayne, and after the battle of Miami Rapids, he was made captain.
In 1800, he was made Governor of the "Indian Territory," including the Territories of Indiana, Illinois, and Wisconsin. This position he filled for twelve years to the satisfaction of Indians and white settlers. He negotiated thirteen important treaties with Indian tribes.
In 1811 Harrison conducted the war against Tecumseh, and in a great battle on the Tippecanoe River defeated that illustrious chieftain, and s› frustrated his plans that he never recovered. After the surrender of Detroit, by General Hull, Harrison was made Commander-in-Chief of the entire Northwest, where he proved himself a masterly organizer and a vigorous, intrepid commander. His fame, at the close of the war, was unbounded. Some difficulty with the Secretary of War led to his resignation, but the President immediately appointed him to negotiate further treaties with the Indians.
In 1816, he became a Representative in Congress from Ohio, and immediately took rank as an eloquent and able member of the body.
In 1824, he was elected to the United States Senate from Ohio.
In 1886, Mr. Harrison was brought forward for the Presi dency. He had three rivals, and was beaten by Mr. Van Buren. His popularity was so great that the Whigs again nominated him in 1840, and after one of the most stirring campaigns of the century, he was elected by electoral count of 234 out of 294. His administration gave promise of great success, but his frail health was so overtaxed that he expired April 4th, just one month after his inauguration.
JOHN TYLER, successor of Mr. Harrison, and Tenth President of the United States, was born in Charles City County, Virginia, March 29th, 1790. His ancestors were English, and were among the first settlers in the Old Dominion. His father was a patriot in the Revolution, a wealthy land proprietor, and at one time Governor of Virginia. Young Tyler entered William and Mary College at the age of twelve, where he graduated with the highest honors at seventeen. At nineteen he was admitted to the bar, and rose quickly to an honored and successful practice. At the age of twentyone he was elected to the Legislature, and served five terms.
In 1816, he was elected to Congress, and was twice reelected. In 1825, he was chosen Governor of Virginia.
In 1827, he was elected to the United States Senate, against John Randolph. In Congress, Tyler, in turn, supported and opposed the administration of President Jackson. He voted for Clay's resolutions of censure on Jackson for removing the U. S. deposits: he was subsequently instructed, by the Legislature of his State, to rescind that action, whereupon he resigned his seat, and returned to private life. He was nominated for the Vice-Presidency in 1840 and elected.
At the death of General Harrison, April 4th, 1840, Mr. Tyler was, on the 6th, inaugurated President. His administration failed to satisfy either Whigs or Democrats. Every member of his Cabinet, except Mr. Webster, resigned.
In 1861 he was President of the Peace Convention, and afterwards a member of the Confederate Congress. He died at Richmond, Va., January 17th, 1862.
CANDIDATES FOR PRESIDENT AND VICE-PRES., 9TH ADM.
For President. | From. | For Vice-Pres. | From. | Politics. Wr. Henry Harrison, Ohio. John Tyler, Va. Whig. Martin Van Buren, N. Y. R. M. Johnson, Ky. Democrat. J. G. Birney, N. Y. L. W. Tazewell, S. Ca. Abolition. POPULAR AND ELECTORAL VOTE, 9TH ADMINISTRATION
Twenty-six States voting. Whole number of electors, 294.
Wm. Henry Harrison, 1,274,783 votes. Electoral votes 234 Martin Van Buren, 1,128,702 60 J. G. Binney, 17,609 "
234 Electoral votes.
John Tyler, L. W. Tazewell, 11 R. M. Johnson, 48 James K. Polk, 1 President Harrison served but one month. Upon his death Vice-President Tyler became President.
Important Events of 9th Administration.
1841 Feb. 4. U. S. Bank failed, followed by banks gen erally.
March 4. Gen. Wm. H. Harrison inaugurated Pres
April 6. John Tyler inaugurated President. 1842 Seminole War terminated.
The "Dorr Rebellion," in Rhode Island. The North-eastern Boundary question settled. 1843 Fremont explores the Rocky Mountains.