Page images

"A yote was taken in the Committee of Thirteen on

they are determined to accomplish their paramount objects to them, they repented of their haste, acknowl

"For these reasons the Northern Disunionists, like the edged their error, admitted that the managers Disunionists of the South, are violently opposed to all

were right and they wrong, and that no Republicompromises or constitutional amendments, or efforts at can state should have sent delegates. They, conciliation, whereby peace should be restored and the therefore begged for God's sake,for the Governor Union preserved. They are striving to break up the Union under the pretence of unbounded devotion to it.-

of Michigan to come to the rescue, and save the They are struggling to overthrow the Constitution, while Republican party-not the Union-from rupprofessing undying attachment to it, and a willingness to ture. The Governor was requested to send make any sacrifice to maintain it. They are trying to plunge the country into civil war as the curest meaning of stiff backed men or none none who were destroying the Union, upon the plea of enforcing the laws likely to favor any plan of conciliation. In the and protecting the public property. If they can defeat opinion of Chandler, the Union would not be every kind of adjustment or compromise, by which the worth a curse, without a little blood letting. points at issue may be satisfactorily settled, and keep up

As far back as December 23, 1860, Mr. the irritation, so as to induce the Border States to follow the Cotton States, they will feel certain of the accomplista- Toombs lissued an address to his constituents, , ment of their ultimate designs.

of Georgia, in which he says, speaking of the "Nothing will gratify them so much, or contribute so

Crittenden Compromise: effectually to their success, as the Secession of Tennessee and the Border States. Every State that withdraws from the Union increases the relative power of Northern Abo- amendments to the Constitution, proposed by the Hon. litionists to defeat a satisfactory adjustment, and bring on John J. Crittenden, and each and all of them were voted a war which, sooner or later, must end in final separation against harmoniously by the Black Republican members and recognition of the independence of the two contend- of the Committee. In addition to these facts, à majority ing sections."

of tho Black Republican members of the Committee de

clared distinctly that they had no guarantees to offer, That Mr. Douglas drew a correct portrait of which was silently acquiesced in by the other members.?" the managers of the Republican party is proved by the letter written by Senator Chandler,

Mr. Toombs afterward, January 7, 1861, of Michigan, to Austin Blair, then Governor made his speech in the Senate, in which he of that State. This letter was written a few said he would accept the Crittenden Comprodays after the date of Senator Douglas's letter mise as a final settlement of the slavery questo the editor of the Memphis Appeal. Here tion. But, as Senator Hale, a leading Repubit is:

tican, said, on the floor of the Senate, when “WASHINGTON, Feb. 11, 1861.

Mr. Crittenden presented his plan to the Sen. “My Dear Governor:-Governor Bingham and myself ate, the controversy was not to be settled by telegraphed to you on Saturday, at the request of Massa- | Congress. The Republican managers did not chusetts and New York, to send delegates to the Peace or mean to permit it to be settled there. They Compromise Congress. They admit that we were right wanted, in the language of Senator Douglas, and they were wrong; that no Republican State should have sent delegates; but they are here and can't get away.

a disruption of the Union, believing a Ohio, Indiana and Rhode Island are caving in, and there is disruption "would draw after it, as an inevitasome danger of Illinois, and now they beg us, for God's ble consequence, civil war, servile insurrecsake, to come to their rescue and save the Republican par- tions, and, finally, the utter extermination of ty from rupture. I hope you will send stiff-backed men or none. The whole thing was gotten up against my judg- slavery in all the Southern states. They are ment and advice, and will, end in thin smoke. Still, I the great criminals upon whose backs the scorhope, as a matter of courtesy to some of our erring breth-pion whips of a duped and outraged people ren, that you will send the delegates.

should be applied. “Truly your friend, "His Excellency AUSTIN BLAIR.

But for these men, we might have continued "P. S.--Some of the Manufacturing States think that a united and prosperous people. Their devila fight would be awful. Without a little blood-letting ish spirit demanded war, blood-letting, and the this Union will not, in my estimation, be worth a curse.'

land has been gorged with the blood of brethThat letter is full of point. It opens to the ren, shed by the hands, of brothers. " Desolapublic gaze the motives upon which the Repub- tion and death, humiliation and tears and sorlican managars acted. Virginia had solicited row, have been our portion since these Repubà conference of the states to see if some plan lican managers have had the direction of public could not be devised and agreed upon, to save affairs at Washington. They are the cabal that the Union and prevent civil war. Sincere pat- have controlled the President from the start.riots were anxious to save the Border States-To whạt condition the country will be reduced Delawaré, Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky and by the time their power shall cease, on the reMissouri, together with North Carolina and tirement of Mr. Lincoln, can be imagined from Tennessee and therefore favored the assem- its present deplorable state, under their manbly of this Peace Conference. The Republican ipulatation. All our troubles might have been managers were opposed to it. Massachusetts avoided but for their determination that there and New York sent delegates, but when the should be NO COMPROMISE. What a price the plan of the Republican managers was explained country is paying for the Abolition whistle!



[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]


resolutions referred to his Committee, where CHAPTER XXIII.

they were kept, as was believed, to prevent REPUBLICANS OBSTINATE AND REFUSE TO COM-action:]

PROMISE. The Conduct of the Abolitionists in the Wisconsin Legis: Relations be instructed to report within one

Resolved, That the Committee on Federal lature... Radical Reasons for not Compromịsing ...The Chicago Platform Good Enough for the Radicais... week on the preamble and resolutions No. 8, Tenacity of the Wouldn't-Yield-An-Inchers.. Effort of | A., referred to them on yesterday: as to the Congress..: Republicans Claim to have "Struggled Man- policy or impolicy of the action therein profully against the United Democracy”... Carl-Schurz and posed, and also whether the state of Wisconsin

Our Side promise...A Candid Admission... Edward Everett on Compromise. Lord Brougham ón Coercion... Pian of mittee, take any action in reference to the dan. Adjustment by the Peace Congress... Franklin's Substi-gers that now threaten our Union, and whethtute... " New York Post” on Effect... Greeley against er, if any action is deemed necessary, it Compromise...Gerieral Conclusions, '&c.

should be pacificatory first, before war

like, or whether it is our policy as a state to WISCONSIN LEGISLATURE ON COMPROMISE.

declare against all concessions, and for blood

and strife. In addition to the foregoing, we have sorted

Resolved, That the 'poet, in giving the out the following from the proceedings of the history of our early strife with the mother Wisconsin Legislature, as samples of the gen- country; and the object of our forefathers in eral course of the Republicans, and as showing | &c., expresses just and wise sentiments, as foltheir general purposes and designs.

With this lows: we consider the record complete."

“The Tableaux change, and Brother J. proposes In the Senate of Wisconsin, Jan. 25th, 1861, To 'boot' the King, and ring his soldiers' noses!

Now, George this 'insult' with gallant scorn resented, the following resolution was passed:

(Though 'tis due to state he afterwards repented;)
And, of course, a long and sanguinary war ensued,

And brother's hands with brother's blood imbued! "Resolved, (if the Assembly concur,) That

Those were the times, as their history now unfolds, the following resolution, reported by a minor

That friccassied men's bodies--and tried their souls! ity of the select committee of 33 in the Con

Then, we had "Tragedians,' all first class 'Stars,' gress of the United States, and signed by Who, true to heroic life, delineated Mars; Messrs. Tappan of New Hampshire, and Wash

No phosphorous lightning-no sheet iron thunder!

Then shook the Thespian Temple with false wonder! burn of Wisconsin, reflects the judgment and No incandescent flash-10 pyrotecnic blaze! sentiments of the Legislature of Wisconsin, Such as school boys muster in nocturnal plays; and that its views and patriotic conclusions

No ‘fancy fencing, with stub-shod fron swords

No ratan muskets flourished on THOSE 'Boards!' should be adequate to restore permanent peace But the real "Old Flint Lock' and Damascus Steel, and prosperity to our glorious Republic.

Made the 'claret' flow, and flesh and muscle feel! 'Resolved. That the provisions of the Con- And on every bloody field the patriots' bayonets

Pierc'd the tinseled helmets of Gen’ral and Brevets! stitution are ample for the preservation of the

Nor were our fathers fighting,like hypocrites and knaves, Union; and the protection of all the material Under pretense of giving 'freedom' to their slaves! interests of the country; that it needs to be Nor were they guilty, in their ‘Bill of vested rights, obeyed rather than amended; and that extrica

Of classing Ethiopians with their brother whites!

They left to God the gen'ral purpose of his plan, tion from present difficulties should be looked

To apportion as He will’d the proper 'Rights of Man!' for in efforts to protect and preserve the public Of which self-gov'ment-more potent than the rest property, and the enforcement of the laws, Each prevailing Race make laws that suit them best. rather than in new guaranties for particular

Since God himself wisely hath partition'd races

Assigned to each their superior and inferior places-interests or compromises and concessions of What right hath mortals to change His holy plan, unreasonable demands."

And legislate the inferior to the superior man?'Mr. BRADFORD, (Rep.) introduced the fol

ûn the 26th of January, the propositions of lowing in the Assembly:

Virginia for a Peace Congress, were transmit6:"Resolved, That we, as the representatives

ted to the Legislature by Governor RANDALL. of the people of Wisconsin, are opposed to These propositions were conceived in a worthy each and all the schemes of compromise which spirit, and evidently showed an earnestness to have been proposed or may hereafter be devised compromise and save blood shed. They were recognizing slavery as in accordance with the

They were Constitution, or, in any way tending to extend, imploring but not dictatorial. diffuse or perpetuate so peculiar and odious an

treated with general respect, by some Repubinstitution, and which has been well said to be licans, but evidently detested and scorned by "the sum of all villainies."

the mass of the party. The Democracy to a Mr. KEOGH (Dem.) offered the following, man were in favor of immediate action, and a [which was intended to be a gentle reminder favorable response. For days the question was to the Chairman of the Committee on Federal argued, in various forms, in both Houses, and Relations, (Mr. SPOONER, now Lieutenant finally, by the schemes of Republican party Governor,) who managed to have all peace leaders, the proposition to send Commissioners


[ocr errors]





was defeated. Below we present some of the many eulogies had already been pronounded on opinions expressed in the course of debate by such men as Alexander H, Stevens, of Geor

gia. He reiterated at length that the Virginia leading Republicans, though it is due to state resolutions called for Commissioners from this that some Republicans appeared to honestly state, with the words explicitly stating that favor action:

they were required to deliberate, on amend

ments to the Constitution, and if they went "Senator Hutchison, (Rep.) believed that they would find themselves deluded and in a we should meet with the representatives of Virginia around the family' altar. There is never "Senator Worthington followed in a pointed danger to him whose cause is just, meeting and deliberate argument against the appointwith his adversary. It was at first thought ment of commissioners. He said that the posithat the delegation in Congress should act as tion of Senator Gill was invulnerable, and that commissioners, but upon further reflection, he very much "doubted, from what he knew of and as it was for a specific purpose, it was the sentiments of some of the intended Comthought better to send special commissioners.missioners of their accepting the commission. He inserted Mr. Washburne’s name, as he had He agreed with the remarks made by his colbeen on the committee of 33, and it might be league on the committee, Senator Bartlett. gratifying to have his action endorsed.

"Senator Cole, as one of the committee on Senator Bartlett, (Rep.,) thought that Federal relations, was impelled by a full conslavery was sufficiently guarantied by the Con- | sideration of the Virginia resolutions, to vote stitution in the State of Virginia. If we ap- for the amendment as amended. point a committee in accordance with the Vir- "Senator Joiner, in some brief and sensible ginia resolutions we meet with her commis- remarks, stated his intențion, notwithstanding sioners on the basis that they present. As a the grand flourishes of some gentlemen to the Republican party we debauch ourselves if we contrary that he had heard during the arguplace ourselves on the record, as these resolu- ment, of voting for the amendment. tions require. It's worse than folly to make a "The resolutions introduced by Senator mere show of amity by sending commissioners Hutchinson, and as amended by Senator Virto Washington, bound by instructions not to gin, were then adopted by grant the demands of the South, and nothing but an insult to those with whom we treat. If

A. I. Bennett,

Quentin, we were prepared to admit that south of 36

Cole, deg. 30 min. should be given up to slavery and Cunning,

Sweet, that it should be perpetual, then indeed might Decker,


Virgin--14. we consistently treat. The Senator from the Egan,

, 30th, Hutchinson, thinks it an alarming thing


Montgomery, that we cannot meet the Southern States round Bean,

Foot, the family altar, but it is true that at this time Geo. 'Bennett, Gill,


Worthington---14. they are engaged in acts of treason and he Carey,


Kelsey, thought the resolutions showed a lack of moral

Republicans in italic. courage, and he as a Republican, did not wish to be put in such an anamolous position as they

"The Lieutenant Governor giving his vote in would place him in. Moral courage, sir, is the affirmative, which occasioned much apthat kind of courage which enables a man to plause. take his stand on principle and do right. This The Lieut. Governor (Rep.) was denounced is what alone can save the country in the press by his party press for giving this casting vote. columns of the Democracy of the North for

On the same day the following debate was salvation. Nothing but firmness and integrity had in the Assembly: on the part of the Republicans will carry the country safely through the present crisis. No

"Mr. Rugee (Rep.) spoke in favor of his good can arise from such a conference as is amendment, and was in favor of acting up to proposed.

the requirements of the 21,000 majority in this There can be no moral influence in the state. He was satisfied that the Democratic course advocated by Senator Hutchinson as it party would not swallow the Republican platbears a lie on its face. We should also look to form, and he could see no propriety in sending the expense of this commission, and believing he is willing to conform to the Republican

a Democrat among the Commissioners, unless that no good can result from the expense, cannot go in for it. He that is wasteful of the platform. people's money ' is also wasteful of principle.” used to be, 'Have we a Bourbon amongst us?? It

"Mr. C R. Johnson (Rep.) said the question February 1, 261, the following action was might now be rendered, 'Have we a Republihad in the Senate, on the Commissioner proposition:

was a Union party. He was a Union man. He

could not appreciate the expression, that 'in “Senator Gill then spoke against the adop- these revolutionary: times it is ridiculous to tion of Senator Hutchinson's amendment: He talk of the Chicago platform' was not an emawas tired of hearing of Union savers. Too nation from a Republican breast: ; He was in


NẢYs. ...





favor of instruction if we must send commis. He 'spoke against the idea that slaves are prosioners. Mr. J. proceeded for some time to perty. [Why not have raised this question on

énforce his views, taking strong ground against the Ripon speech before electing Judge Howe? this action. He went in for the Chicago plat

---REPORTER.] form.

"Mr. Atwood said he respected the frankness "Mr. D. H. Johnson, (Rep.,) thought it im- of the gentleman from Rock in declaring he portant that we should have a free interchange would go for the amendment to kill the propoof sentiment, with a view to a better under-sition. He thanked him for that. He liked standing. He was sorry to see a sp of dis- the Chicago platform as much as any one, but appointment and opposition here. He alluded he could not consent to tack that and state to the gentleman from Rock, [Mr. Graham, constitutions on propositions of this kind. which brought that gentleman to his feet in ex- He believed this move would do good. He beplanation.] Mr. J. proceeded to discuss at lieved it would do good for a parley to be held. considerable length the propriety of not in- It could do no harm-it might do good.cluding the Chicago platform in his action. "Mr. Rugee, (Rep.,) said if any Republican

From the Assembly. Debates on the 4th we would show anything bad in the Chicago plat- take the following: form he would withdraw it. "Mr. D. H. Johnson rejoined.

"Mr. Dwight (Rep.) was at first in favor of "Mr. Bradford, (Rep.,) said that he discov- sending commissioners, but the arguments he ered that his Democratic friends were as calm had heard had convinced him of his error, and

he was not ashamed to own it. He did not as turtle doves, while many of the Republicans he was not ashamed to seemed to be trembling in their boots. [Laugh- propose to get down on his knees when the ter.] He predicted that to send commissioners South had a club over his head, and eat à would end in a conventional bubble, and would large piece of pumpkin pie. His children explode, amounting to nothing. He knew

were all girls, and therefore he could stand the when Virginia asked anything she meant to

war very well. He wished he was in the Chair, have it or nothing. He was decidedly opposed he would show the South a little of Old Jackto the proposition of sending commissioners.

In short, he was opposed to all concesHe cautioned the Republicans against leaving

sions and all compromise. out the Republican platform If they did

"Mr. Lindslėy (Rep.) was opposed to this

commission. He believed we had already given they would leave out many of the party. Mr. Atwood, (Rep.) said that several gen- and he was opposed to going any further. He

the South an intimation of what we would do, tlemen had endeavored to impress upon this House that they were Republicans. He believ- would favor the submission of our personal ed that where he lived no one questioned his liberty bill to a judicious committee, and if Republicanism. This question was not one

of found to be unconstitutional, to repeal it, party; it was not to advance Republicanism as

but he was opposed to meeting the South such-it was to saye our country, and party

for any such purpose as this. Much as he had nothing to do with it. He could meet the rifice his life to abolish slavery. He loved the

sacDemocrats and act with them on this matter, Union, and he would be willing to make any and never stop to enquire whether they ever had a platform or not. In giving the 21,000 reasonable sacrifices to save it, but he would majority," so much referred to here, we did not vote for this resolution. not expect these dreadful realities which now

"Mr. Spooner, (Rep.) was opposed to the We must now act upon the facts amendment. He saw where the opposite side and circumstances as they surround us. These met the difficulty. They find it necessary to commissioners could go to Washington and act ignore the expressed will of the people. His

constituents had instructed him not to back independent of any other state: They would no doubt act with reference to the sentiment of down in the least, and to yield nothing. So the people of the state as much as possible. He far as he was concerned, he should stand by was opposed to any positive instructions,

though his instructions. He could vote for no such he should have no objection to have the commis- propositions and go back to his constituents.' sioners 'required to communicate with the leg

A correspondent of the Milwaukee Sentinet islature.

"Mr. Rugte again rejoined, taking strong (rep.) of February, said: ground in favor of sending the Chicago plat- My sympathies on this occasion were all form to Washington

with the Republicans, who struggled manfully “Mr. Graham, (Rep.) said he had intended against the united Democracy, aided by memto be content with a silent vote against this bers from their own ranks, to defeat this propmeasure, but he could hardly sit still since so osition; and who were finally overcome only by much had been said, and his proposition had the casting vote of the Lieutenant Governor, been voted down. He believed the northern who, representing the whole state, nevertheless Democrats were as loyal to the constitution preferred to vote with the six Republicans who and government as the Republicans, and he favored the proposition, rather than the fourshould not object to see a Democrat appointed, teen who opposed it. Vengeance is not mine." if the commissioners should be raised. He should vote for Mr. Rugee's proposition to in

CARL SCHURZ was at Norwalk, Ohio, during struct, for the purpose of killing the motion.- | this controversy. He, with CHANDLER, of

surround us.

[ocr errors]

Michigan, was opposed to compromise, and be- 1 read to the meeting from the Hon EDWARD 1.

ieved that to send "stiff-backed Republicans." EVERETT: who were opposed to it, as commissioners, was

WASHINGTON, Feb. 2, 1861. the only way to prevent compromise, and save “MY DEAR SIR-.I much. regret that it is the Republican party. The following dispatch not in my power to be present at the meeting

I explains itself:

have yielded, at the sacrifice of personal con

venience to the advice and request that I would To Gov. Randall:

prolong my stay at Washington, with a view to "By Telegraph from. NORWALK, OHIO, Feb. 1, 1861.

conference with members of Csngress and * Appoint Commissioners to Washington con

other persons from various parts of the Union, ference-myself: one, to strengthen our side. I, who are uniting their counsels and efforts for "CARL SCHURZ.".

its preservation. The Republicans in various portions of the

"The crisis is one of greater danger and imState soon began to act, and wire pullers states have declared their separation from the

portance than has ever before existed. Six pulled the strings to prevent compromise. A Union, and the withdrawal of the seventh is a "Union”: meeting was held by the Republi- probable event. The course of the remaining cans of Sauk City, Sauk county, Wisconsin, in

Southern States will be decided in a few days. .

They are under opposing influences. A strong February, and from among their resolutions conservative sentiment binds them to the we select the following:

Union; a natural sympathy with the seceding

states draws them in an opposite direction. Resolved, That we, as Republicans, will "If they adhere to the Union there will be .not submit to compromises at the sacrifice of

no insuperable difficulty in winning back the principle."

sister States, which have temporarily with« There was a Brutus once, that would have brook'd

drawn from us, but if the border states are The eternal devil, to keep his State in Rome, drawn into the Southern Confederacy the fate A:s easily as a King."-Julius Cæsar.

of the country is sealed. Instead of that No one doubts that Brutus had the courage generations the envy of the civilized world, we

us to do much that he lacked the power. We find shall plunge into the road to ruin. We must many here that would "brook the eternal look forward to collision at home-fierce, deyil” to earry their points, but they would bloody, deadly collision--not alone between no doubt end where Brutus did, with the loss the two great sections of the country, but be

tween neighboring States-town and country, of liberty and power. With the following,' and embittered parties in the same city-and from King Henry IVth, we will leave our

abroad we must submit to the loss of the rank readers to heed or bleed."

we have hitherto sustained among the family of

nations. Human nature is the same in all 6 A Peace is of the nature of a Conquest!

ages, and the future, now impending over our For then both parties nobly are subdued, And neither party loser.

once happy country, may be read in the mournful history of the Grecian and Italian republics, and in the terrific annals of the French

revolution. To expect to hold fifteen States in The Milwaukee Sentinel, in February, 1861, the Union by force is preposterous. The idea made the following admission:

of a civil war, accompanied, as it would be, by "Had the election of last November resulted entertained for a moment. If our sister states

a servile insurrection, is too monstrous to be in favor of that party, [the Democracy, ] we should have heard nothing of 'Secession; no

must leave us, in the name of heaven let them

go in peace. I agree in the sentiment that the complaints about “Personal Liberty Laws; no people alone can avert these dire calamities. denunciation of Northern fanaticism; no talk Political leaders, however well disposed, are of a “Southern Confederacy.' South Carolina hampered by previous committals and controlindeed, might have made more or less fuss, as

led by their associates. The action of Conusual; but she would have stood alone, and her gress, unless accelerated by an urgent impulse fit would have soon passed over,?'

from the ultimate source of power, is too much This was very true, but the Democracy did impeded by the forms of legislation and tedinot succeed; hence the necessity for compro- political parties of the country-agencies un

ousness of debate. There is no hope from the mise.

happily too potent for mischief, but, in the EDWARD EVERETT ON COMPROMISE. present extremity, powerless for good, except

by a generous sacrifice of all party views, inA large and enthusiastic Union meeting was terest and ambition to the public weal. held in Faneuil Hall, Boston, February, 1861, imous utterance of the voice of the people,

"No; it is only by the loud, emphatic, unanat which the CRITTENDỆN proposition was en that the danger can be averted. Let the cry go dorsed unanimously. The following letter was | forth from Faneuil Hall, and ring through the


« PreviousContinue »