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Number of teachers in summer: ma'es, 424;
That my inother dropped from her bosom females, 4,677; total.
As she upward winged her flight. Number in winter: males, 1,484; females. 3,726; total....
5,2.0 My jewels! Oh, very carefully ! Average wages of male teachers per month
Must I keep them free from stain, including board.
$50,59 That all unspotted from the world, Average wages of female teachers.......... 19,08
My mother may wear them again. Amount raised by taxes for the support of public schools, including only wages,
Yet I know that the dust may touch them, board, fuel and care of fires ............. ..1,428 476 02
And dim their lustrous rays, Income from State and local school lunds,
And I know that harm can reach them, voluntary contributions, &c....... 125,311,17 Aggregate returned as expended on public
In many, many ways ! schools alone, exclusive of expense of re
And so, I pray Thee, Father, pairing and erecting school houses, and
Till Thou countest Thy jewels above, of the cost of school books .............
..1,565,108,76 Sum raised by taxes for the education of
To keep mine, fair and spotless, each child in the State between the ages of
In the casket of Thy love! five and fifteen years of age-per chiid....
6.82 Nudiber of high schools in which the Latin
From the Massachusetts Teacher. and Greek languages are taught....
A Humble Petition to Teachers.
The undersigned, a universally recognized Amount paid for tuition.....
$71,294.75 Number of private schools and academies .. 640
character in the Kingdom o. Letters, over which Estimated average attendance.......
15,983 you hold jurisdiction, would respectfully repreEstimated amount paid for tuition. $358,659,17 sent that he is unlawfully deprived of the power
Each town is required by law to raise by tax which is rightfully his. All writers upon the an amount equal to $1 50 for every child between Laws of Speech agree that he shall have a right the age of five and fifteen years, and 290 of the to appear in certain classes of spoken words ; 384 towns have raised $3 or more per child. The but, through want of vigilance on the part of town of Brookline heads the list, having appro- your honorable body, and he grieves to say, priated $20.04.8 for each child between the age through your pernicious example, his right has of five and fifteen, and the town of Belmont is been considerably abridged, and his authority second, having appropriated $17.34. Boston is transferred to another. If such a sacrifice on the eighth on the list, the appropriation for each his part is demanded by the public good, your child amounting to $10.52.7.
petitioner humbly hopes that he has virtue
enough to make it; but, as human speech, inFor the Schoolmaster.
stead of being benefited thereby, is rendered My Jewels.
less euphonious, more arbitrary, and in some respects, ambiguous, he would beg your honora
ble body to exert your authority and secure to No gems from the distant ocean,
him his rights. No pearls from the summer sea,
Before setting forth more minutely his grieNo diamonds from the river, Have wreathed a crown for me.
vances, your petitioner would state that he has
lived in good fellowship with his associates, and And yet, it is more radiant
has never sought to deprive either of any por. Than any king doth bear!
tion of the power which has been assigned to And like a queen, right proudly
him by the wise framers of the Constitution of My coronet I wear!
English Speech; and, though certain perverse My mother wore it, lovingly,
talkers persist in excluding him from the ConAnd dying, gave it me;
stitution, all will candidly admit that he has Gave me these precious jewels,
been foremost in support of the Union. My little sisters three.
First, he wouid call the attention of your reThere's Maud, with her young heart brimming, spectable body to that province occupied by the O'erflowing, with love for me.
Tute family and their dependents, over which And Alice! my beautiful Alice !
all legal authorities give him undisputed ccnOh! what shall I say of thee !
trol. Your petitioner's authority is there deAnd Blanche, the dearest and youngest ! rided, and the power of a rival upheld. The A beautiful gem of light,
Toots are supplanting the old families, and push
BY GRACE NORTON.
ing their conquests with great vigor. Institoots, Glory of Physical Geography.
[The following brief report of an address by he shall be obliged to abandon the whole pro
Lieut. A. F. Maury, at the laying of the cornervince, or, at most, maintain over it but a divid- stone of the University of the South, is thrilled sovereignty. He has nothing to say against ingly eloquent, at the same time that it teaches the renowned name of Toots; the great novelist the practical utility of the modern study of has immortalized it; but he does protest against Physical Geography.-Journal of Progress.] the substitution of that name for one even more Fhysical geography makes the whole world ancient and honored. The Tootses may say, “ It kin. Of all the departments in the domains of is of no consequence;" but the slightest con- physical science, it is the most Christianizing. sideration will show you that it is of great con- Astronomy is grand and sublime; but astronosequence.
my overpowers with its infinities, overwhelms Then there are the Ews. There is no question with its immensities. Physical geography in regard to your petitioner's authority over charms with its wonders, delights with the bethem, and they ought to submit quietly and nignity of its economy. Astronomy ignores the cheerfully. There are influences, however, at existence of man ; – physical geography conwork to carry them over to his enemy. A few fesses that existence, and is based on the Bible remain steadfast; but the new comers soon learn doctrine that the earth was made for man. Upto transfer their allegiance. His culinary de- on no other theory can it be studied ; upon no partment has also been invaded. He can have other theory can its phenomena be reconciled. no more stews. This is not only an insult to his The astronomer computes an ephemeris for his stomach, but a serious injury to the oyster trade. comets; predicts their return; tells the masses
In short, there is scarce a province over which of the planets, and measures by figures the dishe holds universal sway. He is driven from the tance of the stars. But whether stars, planets “ blue above and the blue beneath ;” deprived or comets be peopled or not, is, in his arguof the only day of the week upon which he had ments, theories and calculations, of no conseany claim, robbed of his pet children, Luke and quence whatever. He regards the light and Lucy, forbidden to sue in the courts, and under heat of the sun as emanations — forces to guide any circumstances to appear as a suitor ; and so the planets in their orbits, and light comets in depressed in spirits that he can no longer sing their flight — nothing more. But the physical his favorite tunes. He therefore appeals to you geographer, when he warms himself by the coal to rescue him from his forlorn condition, to de- fire in winter, or studies by the light of the gas clare his rights, and to sustain him in them. burner at night, recognizes in the light and heat And as in duty bound will ever pray,
which he then enjoys the identical light and heat Long U.
which came from the sun years ago, and which
with provident care and hands benignant have The United Service Gazette says that Prince been bottled away in the shape of a mineral, Alfred is being brought up in the service pre- and stored in the bowels of the earth for man's cisely the same as if he were the son of a pri- use, thence to be taken at his convenience, and vate gentleman: • He messes with the mid- liburated at will for his manifold purposes. shipmen, keeps the regular watch, dines occa
“ Here in the schools which are soon to be sionally in the ward-room, and takes his turn to dine with the captain. He is treated by his opened, within the walls of the noble institu
tion which we are preparing to establish in this messmates as, in all respects, one of themselves; is called to order by the caterer, and runs the wood, and the corner-stone of which has just same risk of being made the subject of a prac. science will teach our sons to regard some of the
been laid, the masters of this newly-ordained tical joke as other young gentlemen - himself, however, being generally pretty forward in the commonest things as the most important agents business of playful mischief, Upon one ques
in the physical economy of our planet. They tion, that of smoking, the young prince is stern
are also mighty ministers of the Creator. Take ly denied the privilege indulged in by the other
this water (holding up a glassful) and ask the officers."
student of physical geography to explain a por
tion only of its multitudinous offices in helping To be angry with a weak man is proof that you to make this earth fit for man's habitation. He are not very strong yourself.
Imay recognize in it a drop of the very same
which watered the garden of Eden when Adam of no authority in matters of science. I beg was there. Escaping thence through the veins pardon; the Bible is authority for everything it of the earth into the rivers it reached the sea; teaches. What would you think of the histopassing along its channels of circulation, it was rian who should refuse to consult the historical conveyed far away by its currents to those records of the Bible because the Bible was not springs in the ocean which feed the winds with written for the purpose of history: The Bible vapors for rains among these mountains. Tak- is true; and science is true. The agents coning up the heat in those southern climes, where cerned in the physical economy of our planet otherwise it would become excessive, it hottles are ministers of His who made both it and the it away in its own little vesicles. These are in- Bible. The records which he has chosen to visible, but rendering the heat latent and innoc- make through the agency of these ministers of uous, they pass like sightless couriers of the air His upon the crust of the earth, are as true as through their appointed channels, and arrive the records which by the hand of His prophets here in the upper sky. This mountain draws and servants He has been pleased to make in the heat from them; they are formed into clouds, the Book of Life. They are both true; and and condensed into rains, which coming to the when your man of science with vain and hasty earth make it soft with showers,' causing the conceit announces the discovery of disagreement trees of the field to clap their hands, the valleys between them, rely upon it the fault is not with to shout, and the mountains to sing. Thus the the Witness of His records, but with the worm earth is made to yield her increase, and the heart who essays to interpret evidence which he does of man is glad.
not understand. “ Nor does the office of this cup of water in “When I, a prisoner in one department of the physical economy end here; it has brought this beautiful science, discover the truths of heat from the sea in the Southern hemisphere to revelation and the truths of science reflecting be set free here for the regulation of our cli- light one upon the other and each sustaining mates; it has ministered to the green plants, the other, how can I, as a truth-loring, knowand giv-n meat and drink to man and beast. ledge-seeking man, fail to point out the beauty, It has now to cater among the rocks for the in- and to rejoice in its discovery? Reticence on sects of the sea. Eating away your mountains, such an occasion would be sin, and were I to it fills up the valleys, and then loaded with lime suppress the emotion with which such discorerand salts of various minerals, it goes, singing ies ought to stir the soul, the waves of the sea and dancing and leaping, back to the sea, own- would lift up their voice, and the very stones ing man by the way as a task master; turning of ihe earth cry out against me. (Great apmills, driving machinery, transporting merchan- plause.) dize for him, and finally reaching the ocean, it “ As a student of physical geography, I rethere joins the currents to be conveyed to its ap- gard earth, sea, air and water as parts of a mapointed place, which it never fails to reach in chine, pieces of mechanism not made with due time with food in due quantities for the in. hands, but to which, nevertheless, certain offices habitants of the deep, and with materials of the have been assigned in the terrestrial economy. right kind to be elaborated in the workshops of It is good and profitable to seek to find out these the sea into pearls, corals and islands, all for offices, and point them out to our fellows; and man's use.
when, after patient research, I am led to the • Thus the right-minded student of this sci- discovery of any one of them, I feel with the ence is brought to recognize in the dewdrop the astronomer of old, as though I had thought materials of which He who • walketh upon the one of God's thoughts," and tremble. Thus, wings of the wind' maketh his chariot. He as we progress with our science, we are permitalso discovers in the raindrop a clue by which ted now and then to point out here and there in the Christian `hilosopher may be conducted in the physical machinery of the earth a design of to the very chambers from which the hills are the Great Architect when he planned it all. watered.
• Take the little nautili. Where do the fra“ I have been blamed by men of science, both gile creatures go? What directing hands guide in this country and in England, for quoting the them from sea to sea ? What breeze fills the Bible in confirmation of the doctuincs of physi- violet sails of their frail little craft, and by whose cal geography. The Bible, they say, was not skill is it enabled to brave the sea and defy the written for scientific purposes, and is therefore fury of the gale : What mysterious compass
directs the flotilla of these delicate and graceful waters; fowls of the air, with beasts and cattle ; argonauts : Coming down from the Indian to bless, praise and magnify the Lord. Ocean, and arriving off the stormy Cape, they " To reveal to man the offices of these agents separate, the one part steering for the Pacific, in making the earth his fit dwelling place, is the the other standing for the Atlantic. Soon the object of physical geography. Said I not well, ephemeral life that animates these tiny naviga- that of all the sciences physical geography is. tors will be extinct, but the same power which the most Christianizing in its influences :" cared for them in life now guides them in death, for though dead, their task in the physical eco
Over the River. nomy of our planet is not yet finished, nor have they ceased to afford instruction in philosophy. . (Such is the renewed interest in this sweet and touch
ing prem, by our co'rtspondent, Miss NANCY A. W. The frail shell is now to be drawn to distant Priest, of Hinsda'e, N. B., that we can only supply seas by the lower currents. Like the leaf car- the constant demand for cop es by a second re-publicaried through the air by the wind, the lifeless re- tiov.-Editor Spri gfiell Republican ] mains descend from depth to depth by an insen- Over the river they beckon to mesible fall even to the appointed burial-place on Loved ones who've crossed to the further side; the bottom of the deep; there to be collected T'e gleam of their snowy rob s I see,
But their voices are drowned in the rushing tide. into heaps and gathered into beds which, at
There's one with ringlets of sunny gold, some day, are to appear above the surface a
And eyes, the reflection of heaveu's own blue; storehouse rich with fertilizing ingredients for He crossed in the twilight, grey and cold, man's use. Some day science will sound the
And the pale mist hid him from mortal view. depth to which this dead shell has fallen, and We saw not the angels who met bim there;
The ga c of the city we coul' not see; the little creature will perhaps afford solution Over the river, over ibe river, for a problem a long time unsolved ; for it may My brother stands wa'ting to welcome me! be the means of revealing the existence of the submarine currents that have carried it off, and Over the river the boatman pale
Carried another-the bousehold pet; of enabling the ical geographer to trace out Her brown curls waved in the gentle galethe secret paths of the sea.
Darling Minnie! I see her yet.
She crossed on her bosom her dimpled bands, “ Had I time, I might show how mountains,
And fearlessly entered the phantom bark; deserts, winds and water, when treated by this We watched it glide from the rilver sands, beautiful science, all join in one universal har. And all our sunshine grew strangely dark. mony, for each one has its part to perform in We know she is Fafe on the further side,
Where all the ransomed and angels be; the concert of nature.
nver the river, the mystic river, “ The Church, ere physical geography had My childhood's idol is waiting for me. yet attained to the dignity of a science in our schools, and even before man had endowed it For none return from those quiet shores, with a name, saw and appreciated its dignity, we hear the dip of the golden oars,
Who cross with the boatman cold and pale; the virtue of its chief agents.
What have we And catch a gleam of the snowy sail, heard chanted here in this grove by a thousand and lo! they bave passed from our yearping hearts ; voices this morning? A song of praise, such
They cross the stream, and are gone for aye;
We may not sunder the veil apart. as these hills have not heard since the morning
I hat bides from our vision the gates of day. stars saug together : the BENEDICTE of our We only know that their barks no more Mother Church, invoking the very agents whose May fail with us o'er life's stormy sea; workings and offices it is the business of the Yet somewhere, I know, on the unseen shore,
Toey watch, and beckon, and wait for me. physical geographer to study and point out! In her service she teaches her children in their And I sit and think, when the sunset's gold songs of praise to call upon certain physical Is flushing river and bill and shore, agents, principals in this newly established de- Ishall one day stand by the water cold,
And list for the sound of the boatman's oar; partment of human knowledge: upon the wa- I shall watch for a gleam or the flapping sail; ters above the firmament; upon showers and I shall hear the boat as it sains the strand; dew; wind, fire and heat; summer and win- I shall pas8 t om sight with the boatman pale ter; frost and cold ; ice and snow; night and
To the better shore of the rpirit land; day; light and darkness; lightning and clouds ;
I shall know the loved who have gone before,
And joyfully sweet will the meeting be, mountains and hills ; green things, trees and when over the river, the peaceful river, plants; whales, and all things that move in thel The Angel of Death shall carry me.
A Blind Girl Feeling for a Sunbeam. That beam was radiant with beauty, yet she
could not behold it. It gleamed upon a world, The sun has just burst out through the clouds, and a heavy golden beam come in at our window. yet all was night to her. Its silver bursting in
the east, or its golden fading in the west, folHow bright and cheerful! It comes in so si
lowed as day followed day; but it burst not lently, yet it speaks to the heart. Thank a kind God for sunshine! Ages on ages it has illumi- upon her vision, or faded at decline of day. It
glowed in the sky, upon forest, and field, and nated and gladdened a world, yet we hardly
lake, and river ; but not in the blue orbs of the think of the great fountain of light and beauty.
sightless girl. By a singular coincidence, the Writing of sunshine brings to mind a touching
boy tried to feel of the breeze that came cool incident which came under our observation as
upon the cheek as the cars sped swiftly on. The we were travelling in the cars. Opposite was
breeze swept over the yellow fields and measeated a family of four, consisting of a man and his wife, and two children — boy and girl
dows, and still waters, and coquetted with the
locks of the blind boy; but its footsteps were twins, and totally blind. Two lovelier children
unseen by him. We involuntarily thanked God we never saw. The family were from the South.
that we could look upon the beautiful world he A southern sun had given each cheek a rich
has made, and dropped a tear for the hapless olive complexion, relieved by a beautiful bloom
children who must grope their way to the grave upon the children's countenances.
through a long night. But the light of bliss was lightly built, had finely chiselled features,
will burst upon them.' Long shall we rememand hair of a dark brown, clustering in rich
ber the two blind children.- Baltimore Dispatch. curls around his neck. The girl was yet more slender, and fragile as a leaf, and of the most spiritualized beauty. Her habit was dark. Her
PRESIDENT Felton, of Harvard University, hair was black as night. its heavy, glossy tress- in his inaugural address, made use of the fol. es confined by a golden band, which glittered lowing suggestive language: brightly upon the dark background. They both “ Our young American needs, more than the seemed happy, conversing with an intelligence European youth, the training that shall give beyond their years. The train stopped for a him composure and self-command — that shall moment upon the route. The windows were give him the mastery of his faculties, and the all raised, and the children leaning out as if to habit of steady action. He is a citizen of a vast
The little girl heaved a long sigh, and then republic, wherein every man has his career to leaned back in the seat, exclaiming, “0, mother, open, his fortune to make, his success to achieve. I cannot see anything." A tear trembled in her He feels, every moment, the social or party preseye, and her voice was so sad and low, that it sure, and the weight of individual responsibiliwent to the heart of every passenger who heard bility. These very circumstances make the pethe beautiful and unfortunate creature. “ Nei- riod in which we live one which tempts the ther can I see, Bell; but I know that everything young man into premature activity. He is alis beautiful,” said her brother, as the light winds lured into the busy scene when his faculties are lifted the thin locks. " You are beautiful, are but half unfolded; his principals are as yet unyou not, Bell ?” Just then a flood of sunshine certain ; his views vague, his hopes gorgecus as gushed from the white clouds in the west like a the rainbow, and perhaps as fleeting and unsubflash, and fell full and warm upon the cheek of stantial. His tastes unformed; and his inoral the sad girl, and upon the tears in her eyes. being crude as the unripe fruit of every sum
Quick as thought she put up her hand, and mer. A solid character is not the growth of a attempted to grasp the golden pencils that were day – the intellectual faculties are not matured playing through the thick braids upon her neck without long and vigorous culture. To refine and cheek. Eagerly she shut her hand upon the taste is a laborious process - to fortify the vacancy, and a shadow fell upon her counte- reasoning power with its appropriate discipline, nance as she failed to touch the sunshine. “Mo- is an arduous undertaking. To store the mind ther, I cannot feel it; has it fled out of the win- with sound and solid learning, is the work of dow?" What, Bell?" The sunshine, long and studious years. It is the business of mother. It touched my cheek, but I cannot the higher education to check this fretful impatouch that.” The mother's eyes swam in tears, tience, this crude and eager haste to drink the as did those of nearly all in the car. A blind cup of life—to exhaust the intoxicating draughts girl feeling for a sunbeam upon her cheek !lof ambition.”