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Mr. CONDON. Mr. Chairman, I sub- the matter is again brought to our atten- , human terms. The Congress has just scribe wholeheartedly to the position tion in the requests made by this bureau recently passed, with much ado, an extaken by the gentleman from California for a supplemental appropriation to tension of the Hill-Burton Hospital [Mr. SHÉLLEY] and am in support of the bring that backlog closer to a current Construction Act to provide for Federal amendment offered by the gentleman status. It asks for a very small amount- aid for the construction of specialized from Massachusetts [Mr. WIGGLES- $119,000. I am amazed that this request types of hospitals-diagnostic or treatWORTH]. During the emergency of has been denied by the Committee on ment centers, hospitals for the chronicalWorld War II, the Richmond shipyards Appropriations.
ly ill, rehabilitation facilities, and nursin my district built more ships than any Are these boys and girls coming back ing homes. Now we are asked to apother yards in the world had ever built from the service, and denied their rights
from the service, and denied their rights propriate funds to carry out this proin a comparable period of time. It is a under the GI bill, to sit and cool their gram. The President asked for only $35 shameful folly to see our shipyards fall heels for 6 months or more before the million for construction funds for this into disuse and to see the skills which we Government agency set up to protect purpose for the first year of the new have developed be dissipated away from their rights can get around to their
their rights can get around to their program's operations instead of the $75 the waterfront. I certainly believe that cases?
million authorized under the new law. this body must preserve the American Is this economy? I think not.
The committee, practicing economy, has merchant marine and our shipbuilding ALL JOBLESS WORKERS AND THEIR FAMILIES not voted a single dollar for this purindustry. by appropriating the money
pose. Why did we pass the bill for the recommended by the President and em
A further provision of this bill, as it program if we do not believe in voting bodied in the amendment offered by the has come from the Appropriations Com- the funds to carry it out? This kind gentleman from Massachusetts.
mittee, similarly affects all of the hun- of economy is disillusioning to the folks “ECONOMY" WHICH WILL HURT MILLIONS OF dreds of thousands of American workers who thought they would be helped by AMERICANS
and their families who are dependent the new law we passed. But no money Mrs. KEE. Mr. Chairman, the Com- upon unemployment compensation. is provided to carry out the law. mittee on Appropriations can take all The President asked for an additional JUVENILE DELINQUENCY PROGRAM ALSO the bows it wishes to for the remarkable $43 million for the administration of un
ELIMINATED economy record it has compiled in re- employment compensation and the em- I have called to the attention of the porting out this supplemental appropria ployment services in the various States. House several times in recent months, tion bill. But unless the Congress re- The committee has allowed only $4,600,- Mr. Chairman, the alarming problem of verses some of the actions of the com- 000. Now what does that mean? It juvenile delinquency and the need for mittee, millions of Americans will be means that those eligible for unemploy
means that those eligible for unemploy- corrective action to prevent this terrible hurt by this kind of economy.
ment compensation will have to wait waste of human resources. In my home It is not economy, Mr. Chairman, to longer for action on their cases. It
county we are trying to meet this probleave our women and children and, in means they will have to wait longer for lem affirmatively on the local level by fact, all the people of this country, medi- their checks. It means they will have to
their checks. It means they will have to joint efforts on the part of an aroused cally unprepared for the unimaginable wait longer for any help from the em- and interested citizenry. We are trying horrors of atomic or hydrogen attack. ployment service leading toward other to chart a new course in a very difficult True, this bill saves $35 million out of a jobs.
problem area. Recently we had Dr. proposed $60 million for emergency med- It means the youngsters coming out of Martha M. Eliot, Chief of the Children's ical and rescue supplies and equipment. school looking for their first jobs will Bureau, come to talk with us and out
But would it really be economy if have to wait in line-way back in the line some of the areas in which she thousands or millions were to die for lack line-for any attention from the over- thought our group action could accomof this stockpile of essential supplies? worked employment service people. plish the most. I do not think so. The scientists talk Let us go back a moment, Mr. Chair- She informed us of big plans in the about these horrible bombs in terms like man, and see how this request for addi- Children's Bureau for setting up a spemegadeaths-meaning millions of deaths. tional funds originated. The President cial program in juvenile delinquency
— The committee acted on this matter as says his advisers made a serious miscal- work, to obtain and disseminate inforif the threat were really far away. culation when the budget was prepared mation in this vital field the better to
God grant that this might be true. originally in estimating the amount of help community efforts such as our own But certainly the world and standards unemployment we would be having at program back home. The people in our of political morality in the world are not this time. They did not ask Congress
this time. They did not ask Congress county were much encouraged by this. such that we can take this threat calmly for nearly enough funds for the kind of But along comes this bill, Mr. Chairor ignore it. We must be prepared to en- program now needed to process the man, acting on Dr. Eliot's request for a able our people to survive whatever the unemployment compensation claims of modest $165,000 for the juvenile delinfuture may hold in store. I do not think those out of jobs and help them to get
those out of jobs and help them to get quency study by appropriating exactly $35 million would be considered much of new jobs. But before that admission was nothing. Not a cent. So the special a saving if it meant unnecessary loss of made and steps taken to correct it, Con
made and steps taken to correct it, Con- study cannot go forward. I do not bemany lives for lack of adequate life- gress went ahead and cut what the ad- lieve that kind of "economy” is very saving supplies.
ministration now tells us was already an helpful to the mothers and fathers of SAVING $119,000 AT THE EXPENSE OF JOBLESS
inadequate figure. So instead of the America and the teachers and clergy VETS
funds it really needs of about $260 mil- and youth leaders seeking help in curbMr. Chairman, as a member of the
lion for the current fiscal year which ing a growing national menace of juveHouse Committee on Veterans Affairs, started July 1, the Bureau of Employ- nile delinquency. I am extremely conscious of the problems ment Security will be at least $40 million
“LITTLE AID TO EDUCATION” PROGRAM GETS NO of the young ex-serviceman, or the disshort—that is, adding up the cuts made
FUNDS charged reservist, in trying to reestablish in this bill and in the regular appropria
A last word, Mr. Chairman, on the himself in civilian life. It is a particu- tion. This kind of economy, Mr. Chair
This kind of economy, Mr. Chair- matter of help for our hard-pressed larly difficult task for him right now in man, hurts people who are most in need
man, hurts people who are most in need schools, now bulging at the seams and many sections of the country, and parof help—those out of work.
with teachers carrying a frightfully ticularly in States like West Virginia ELIMINATING THE NEW HOSPITAL CONSTRUCTION heavy pupil load at frightfully low pay. where the incidence of unemployment is
The administration's approach to this very high.
There are many, many instances of problem has been one of delay and In connection with the regular Labor similar economy in this supplemental "study.” It has avoided any attempt to Department appropriation bill acted on appropriation bill, Mr. Chairman, and I get help to our schools but has proposed earlier this year, we heard how the Bu- cannot begin to cover all of them in the a series of research programs in this reau of Veterans Reemployment Rights time allowed. Other Members, I am field. is running 5 and 6 months behind in act- sure, will discuss cuts in programs af- With much ado, again, the Congress ing on the cases of returning veterans fecting various industries, and so on. passed three bills in this area-one for a who have been unable for one reason or But I do want to make mention of cooperative program of research with the another to get their old jobs back. Now several items which hurt our people on colleges on educational problems; one for
a national advisory committee to advise required as a minimum for the national So the amendment to the amendment the Secretary of Health, Education, and defense.
was agreed to. Welfare on school problems, and one for The CHAIRMAN. The Chair recog- The CHAIRMAN. The question is on a White House Conference on Education. nizes the gentleman from New York (Mr. the amendment offered by the gentleOut of all of these studies, including the TABER).
man from Massachusetts [Mr. WIGGLESWhite House Conference a year and a Mr. TABER. Mr. Chairman, we have WORTH) as amended. half from now, the administration hoped been monkeying with this subsidy busi- The question was taken; and on a dito get enough information on the needs ness for a long time. The result has been vision (demanded by Mr. TABER) there of education to recommend a Federal that we have almost driven the American were-ayes 123, noes 41. policy in this respect.
merchant marine off the seas. There So the amendment was agreed to. It has been my position that these has been no study made, there has been Mr. TABER. Mr. Chairman, I move programs were woefully
woefully inadequate. no analysis made of this situation by that the Committee do now rise. They "study" a problem we know just the Maritime Commission nor the Accordingly the Committee rose; and about all we have to know about. We Merchant Marine and Fisheries Commit- the Speaker having resumed the chair, know our schools need financial help. tee. If we continue, we are going to drive Mr. ALLEN of Illinois, Chairman of the How are they to get it?
the American merchant marine off the Committee of the Whole House on the But little as this aid-to-education pro- seas and over to other countries in this State of the Union, reported that that gram of the present administration has hemisphere. I understand that a block Committee, having had under considbeen, it is all we have at this point. It is of ore boats, to carry 60,000 tons apiece, eration the bill (H. R. 9936) making a puny thing, but perhaps of some use. are being built in Japan and undoubted- supplemental appropriations for the fisNot under this bill, however. For under ly will be operated under the Venezuelan
ly will be operated under the Venezuelan cal year ending June 30, 1955, and for this appropriation bill, not a single dollar flag, to carry ore from Venezuela to
flag, to carry ore from Venezuela to other purposes, had come to no resoluis appropriated to carry out any of these Philadelphia.
Philadelphia. We are creating a situa- tion thereon. programs—not a dollar of the $100,000 tion under which the American people requested for the cooperative research cannot travel on American ships. It is program, not a dollar of the $175,000 re- impossible for them to get dinner after
HOUR OF MEETING TOMORROW quested for the national advisory com- 7 o'clock in the evening.
Mr. HALLECK. Mr. Speaker, I ask mittee, not a dollar of the $1,750,000 just What bothers me about this situation unanimous consent that when the House authorized recently for the White House is that if we go on that way, God help adjourns today it adjourn to meet at 11 Conference. the American merchant marine. Let us
o'clock tomorrow. The "little aid to education" program, try to find a way out instead of trying to
The SPEAKER. Is there objection to under this bill, becomes the "no aid to dig ourselves in deeper.
the request of the gentleman from Ineducation" program. I am deeply dis- The CHAIRMAN. The Chair recog
diana? appointed. nizes the gentleman from Minnesota
Mr. TABER. Reserving the right to Mr. ROONEY. Mr. Chairman, I men- [Mr. JUDD).
object, Mr. Speaker, this is the situationed in my remarks awhile ago that Mr. JUDD. Mr. Chairman, I am in tion. If we are going to get that foreign I had an amendment at the Clerk's desk, favor of this amendment.
relief bill marked up in the Committee which would provide that whatever ship when we have had the foreign-aid bill on Appropriations, and the House meets construction or ship reconstruction before us, I have opposed as strongly as at 11 o'clock, it will be impossible to do money is provided in this bill, must be I could, the provision that required that it before Thursday and we will not be able spent in shipyards in the continental 50 percent of the shipping used in that to report it before Tuesday of next week United States.
program be in American bottoms. I did and take it up on Friday. That is the The CHAIRMAN. Does the gentle
not think that was the fair or right way situation we are in here. I just want to man desire to offer his amendment now? to take care of our merchant marine. know what the program is. Mr. ROONEY. I offer my amendment
Each year some tens of millions of dol- Mr. HALLECK. I withdraw my renow, Mr. Chairman.
lars of the appropriations advertised to quest, Mr. Speaker. The Clerk read as follows:
the American public as foreign aid was
actually money to subsidize our own
LEGISLATIVE PROGRAM amendment offered by the gentleman from
But the merchant marine must be Mr. HALLECK. Mr. Speaker, I ask Massachusetts [Mr. WIGGLESWORTH]: Add the following: "Provided further, That all ship
taken care of, and this amendment pro- unanimous consent to address the House construction, reconditioning and betterment vides a part of the right way to do it.
for 1 minute. of vessels appropriated for herein be per- We have got to have an American mer- The SPEAKER. Is there objection formed in shipyards in the continental chant marine and an American ship to the request of the gentleman from United States."
building industry. We cannot compete Indiana?
There was no objection.
on even terms with the cheap labor of
countries which do not have the high Mr. HALLECK. Mr. Speaker, I have man, will the gentleman yield?
taken this time in order to announce Mr. ROONEY. I yield.
standard of wages and of living that we
enjoy in the United States. Provisions generally to the membership what has Mr. WIGGLESWORTH. I will say, as
like those in this amendment are part been a matter of some discussion among far as I am concerned, that I am very
of the price we pay for our high stand- the leaders and the chairman and rankhappy to join in that amendment.
ard of living and for our national se- ing members of the committees. As I Mr. ROONEY. I thank the gentle
curity. I am glad to pay that price. am sure everyone knows, suspensions man. I knew he would.
This is the proper kind of legislation which were in order for last Monday Mr. Chairman, in my remaining time
to keep our merchant marine on the high have been transferred to tomorrow. may I point out with regard to the pend
seas, to keep it up-to-date, and to keep We expect to call up under suspension ing amendment offered by the gentle- it adequate, both because of our com- of the rules on tomorrow the bill H. R. man from Massachusetts, [Mr. WIGGLES- mercial interests, and even more as a 9888, extending the Korean GI bill of WORTH], that not only the National Adpart of our national defense.
rights for 1 year, which has been reportvisory Council, but the Defense Estab
I hope the amendment will be lishment is in favor of this proposed ship agreed to.
ed by the committee. We also expect to
call up under suspension of the rules, the construction. The Department of De- The CHAIRMAN. All time has ex- bill H. R. 9020, having to do with veterfense a year ago stated that for defense pired.
ans' benefits, amended by the Commitpurposes there was a deficiency of 214
The question is on the amendment of - tee on Veterans' Affairs. We also expect merchant vessels in our merchant fleet; fered by the gentleman from New York to call up under suspension of the rules 43 large tankers, 6 large passenger- [Mr. ROONEY] to the amendment offered what have come to be known as the postcargo ships and 165 other vessels. If
by the gentleman from Massachusetts al rate and postal pay bill, as reported we adopt the amendment of the gentle[Mr. WIGGLESWORTH].
out by the Committee on Post Office and man from Massachusetts (Mr. WIGGLES- The question was taken; and on a Civil Service with the amendments which WORTH], as I feel we are, we would division (demanded by Mr. TABER) there were voted in committee. The suspenmerely be restoring 14 of the 214 vessels were-ayes 117, noes 32.
sion will include both of those bills. I
might say that both bills have been re- the close of a session with the majority Here is a summary of the amended ported and the reports are available and carrying the responsibility for the prog- bill. It provides: will be available in the morning, as well ress of the program, that we would be First. A permanent 5 percent increase as a committee print which will indicate subjected to a veto from the side of the for all postmasters, officers, and emthe final form of the measure upon minority.
ployees in the postal field service with a which the motion to suspend the rules I am not going to argue the merits minimum of $200 except in the case of will be made. We also propose to call of these measures at this time, as the fourth-class postmasters and hourly up under the suspension of the rules the gentleman has in some measure, except rate employees. bill H. R. 7130, having to do with for- to point out that similar action was Second. A fourth longevity grade for feiture of citizenship. It has also been taken in the 80th Congress, and I personnel of the postal field service. suggested to me that if time permits, checked the RECORD and there was not Third. A reclassification for all postthese bills from the Committee on Pub- even a rollcall on the passage of meas- master, officers, and employees in the lic Lands might be called:
ures at that time that involved the mat- postal field service by requiring that the S. 2380, to amend the Mineral Leas- ter of rates and pay.
Postmaster General submit to Congress ing Act.
Mr. RAYBURN. The gentleman un- by March 15, 1955, a proposal for job S. 2381, to amend section 27 of the derstands, of course, what happened af- evaluation of the positions of postal field Mineral Leasing Act.
ter the adjournment of the 80th Con- service personnel. This proposal must H. R. 8498, authorizing construction gress. One of the reasons why I never contain schedules which set forth grades of works to reestablish the Palo Verde agreed to recognize anybody for suspen- and salaries of postal field service posiirrigation district.
sion of the rules without the consent of tions, and provisions assuring postal emS. 3385, providing for more effective the gentleman from Massachusetts [Mr. ployees (a) of the right to appeal their extension work among Indian tribes.
MARTIN], was on account of what had classification to the Civil Service ComisS. 2864, to approve an amendatory re- happened to me on some of these oc
sion; (b) that those on the rolls when the payment contract negotiated with the casions, and it will probably happen to
plan, or any part thereof, becomes operaNorth Unit Irrigation District, and so the gentleman tomorrow.
tive will not suffer any loss in salary; forth.
Mr. HALLECK. I discussed the mat
and (c) that they will not be downAs I say, I do not know how many of ter in respect to the veterans bill, to
graded. This plan will take effect unthose we might have time for. I have which I have made reference, and it has
less disapproved within 60 days by a discussed that with the gentleman from been the practice, ever since I have been
majority of either House of Congress, a Nebraska [Mr. MILLER) and I thought I here, to call up those bills under suspen
quorum being present. might at least list them as a possibility. sion, whether the Democrats or the Re
Fourth. An increase in the allowable I might say to the Members on our publicans were in power.
per diem for employees in the transside, before I conclude, that we hope to
portation service to $9 per day from the have a conference which should not run
COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY
present rate of $6 per day. too long as soon as the House adjourns,
Fifth. A uniform allowance of $100 anwhich I hope will be shortly.
Mr. GRAHAM. Mr. Speaker, I ask
nually for those employees required to Mr. RAYBURN. Mr. Speaker, will the unanimous consent that the Committee
wear uniforms. gentleman yield? on the Judiciary may have until mid
Sixth. A modification of present law Mr. HALLECK. I yield. night tonight to file certain reports.
which restricts the number of permaMr. RAYBURN. I do not believe, Mr. the request of the gentleman from Penn
The SPEAKER. Is there objection to
nent appointments in the Federal serySpeaker, that I have ever heard of so
ice. This will permit the granting of sylvania? many bills proposed to come up on one
permanent appointments to a large
There was no objection, day under any circumstances, much less
number of temporary and indefinite under suspension of the rules. I might
employees in the postal field service. say also, Mr. Speaker, that I do not BRIEF SUMMARY OF LEGISLATION Seventh. A biweekly pay period for think while I was either Speaker or ma- TO INCREASE SALARIES AND PRO
personnel of the postal field service. jority leader that I ever called up, or al
VIDE OTHER BENEFITS FOR
Total cost of bill, $151,533,000. lowed to be called up under suspension
Legislation to be considered concern
FOSTAL EMPLOYEES, AND FOR of the rules, any bill until I had con
ing increases in postal rates is included
POSTAL RATE INCREASES sulted with the minority leader. If my
in the provisions of H. R. 6052, as rememory serves me correctly, I never
Mr. REES of Kansas. Mr. Speaker, I ported by the House Post Office and recognized any Member to move to sus- ask unanimous consent to extend my re- Civil Service Committee. A complete pend the rules unless it was agreeable marks at this point in the RECORD. analysis of the measure is contained in a to the minority leader. This program The SPEAKER. Is there objection to report that has been on file for some is not agreeable to me. I think it is a the request of the gentleman from time. A summary of postal-rate proviterrible thing that in order to increase Kansas?
sions is as follows: the wages or salaries or compensation of There was no objection.
FIRST-CLASS MAIL postal employees, we have to throw two Mr. REES of Kansas. Mr. Speaker, bills together. I want to say now for the leadership of the House has an- cents to 4 cents the rate on the first
The bill as reported increases from 3 myself, although I do not know what nounced that legislation will be considmight be the course others may take, if ered on tomorrow providing for increases ounce of first-class letter mail for dethe increases in postal salaries and the in salaries and for other benefits for livery outside the office of mailing.
I think it well to observe that much increase in rates on postage stamps from postal employees, and together with this 3 cents to 4 cents come up together, it legislation and included therewith, will has been said that first-class mail more
, certainly shall not have my support. be further legislation considered for than pays its way. This applies to what Mr. HALLECK. Mr. Speaker, I cer- certain increases in postal rates.
is known as drop-letter mail. It is mail
delivered from the post office where it is tainly respect the gentleman's opinions. Because of time limitations allowed in
mailed. This legislation does not change I have not checked the RECORD, and considering these proposals on the floor
that rate of 3 cents per ounce. The 4certainly I am not going to do so, to of the House, I am making a brief state
cent rate applies only to the first ounce determine whether or not the gentle- ment with respect to these measures. man ever permitted any suspensions Complete analysis of these proposals is
on mail delivered away from the office of
mailing. when he was Speaker that were not con- included in reports of the bills, when recurred in by the minority leader. As ported to the House.
AIRMAIL the gentleman knows, as we proceed Legislation to be considered to pro
The rate on domestic airmail is inthrough the session necessarily there are vide for increases in pay, and for other
creased from 6 cents to 7 cents an ounce. discussions, because a two-thirds vote is benefits, for postal employees is con
SECOND-CLASS MAIL involved, with the minority as to what tained in H. R. 9836, as amended by the First. In addition to the 10-percent inthe situation is, but I have never under- committee, and reported without op- crease due April 1, 1954, under existing stood it to be the practice, and certainly position by the Committee on Post Ofposition by the Committee on Post Of- law, this bill will increase the rates on
, it is not in the rules, as we come up to fice and Civil Service,
second-class mail in 3 increments of 10
percent, effective April 1, 1955, April 1,
Since that time much of the land has been 1956, and April 1, 1957. These increases, Following is the estimated total in- terraced and grassed waterways installed. are based on the rates in effect prior crease in postal rates when all the rates Improved rotation practices have been adopt
ed. to Public Law 233, 82d Congress, and are are in effect:
Much of the poorer upland has been
reseeded to grass and the native grass imapplied on the portion of publications
Estimate of revenues from each section of proved through good pasture management. for delivery outside the county of pub
H. R. 6052 (as reported)
At least 15 impoundment structures have lication, The increases do not affect [Based on 1953 volume and assuming no
been built. Some of this work has been publications of nonprofit religious, edu- loss in volume due to higher rates]
done under ACP assistance but much of it cational, scientific, philanthropic, agri- Section:
has been done at the farmers' own expense cultural, labor, veterans', or fraternal 1. First-class mail (first ounce
in order to accelerate the work. organizations or associations.
$159, 000, 000
The results have been outstanding. We 2. Domestic airmail.---
went through the 1951 and 1952 flood periods Second. The publication, or portions 3. Second-class mail (publish
with practically no fooding although we thereof, delivered outside the county of
ers' second class).
were in the area of high rainfall. During publication on which rates are increased
Transient second-class at
the 60 days of rainfall of May, June, and as explained in paragraph 1 above, will
third- and fourth-class
July 1951, the water was almost continuously be subject to a minimum charge of one- rates.--
trickling from our terraces but at no time
did it assume flood proportions. We can now fourth cent per copy, compared to the
farm our lowlands with confidence and erect present charge of one-eighth cent. The 4. Third-class mail:
fences that are necessary for our livestock one-eighth cent minimum remains the
29,000,000 Increase in piece rates---
business without fear of having them washed same as at present for publications of the
Increase in pound rates 14
away. nonprofit associations or organizations
Bulk fee $10 to $50 year
We are now experiencing a severe drought listed above.
or $15 quarter--
and are finding that the greatest benefits Third. The present transient second- Pieces of odd size or form. 1,000,000
from our work may come in drought periods.
In spite of the dry weather we have just class mail is eliminated and in the fu
2-cent minimum on unad
dressed third-class-ture these mailings will be carried at
finished harvesting one of the best wheat
crops of our experience. Our springs are still the third-class rate for those publica
44, 200, 000 flowing and we have plenty of water in our tions of 8 ounces or less and at fourth5. Controlled circulation pub
pastures. Our farm has been in the family class rate for those publications weigh
for 97 years and we are just now developing ing over 8 ounces.
a system of watershed management that will (up to 8 ounces)
make the farm a stable and permanent propTHIRD-CLASS MAIL
osition. I believe that an accelerated soil Total increase
233, 280,000 First. The rate for individual pieces of
conservation and watershed development third-class mail is increased from 2
program would be the greatest boon that
this country could receive. cents for the first 2 ounces, plus 1 cent
The benefits THE DROUGHT SITUATION IN
would be manifold and so widespread as to for each additional ounce—or in some
benefit the entire economy of our Nation. cases, 112 cents for each 2 ounces-to 3 Mr. MILLER of Kansas. Mr. Speaker,
Sincerely yours, cents for the first 2 ounces plus 112 cents I ask unanimous consent to address the
GLENN D. STOCKWELL, Sr. for each additional ounce or fraction House for 1 minute and to revise and Mr. Speaker, at this point I include a thereof. extend my remarks.
communication from the Kansas LiveSecond. The rate on third-class mat
The SPEAKER. Is there objection stock Association: ter mailed in bulk is increased from 14 to the request of the gentleman from
KANSAS LIVESTOCK ASSOCIATION, cents per pound and 112 cents minimum Kansas?
Topeka, Kans., July 13, 1954. per piece to 16 cents per pound and 112
There was no objection.
Representative HOWARD S. MILLER, cents minimum per piece.
: Mr. MILLER of Kansas. Mr. Speak- House Office Building, Third. The fee for a permit to send er, I wish to revise and extend my re
Washington, D.C. third-class mail under the bulk mailing marks and include a letter from Mr.
DEAR MR. MILLER: The following night letrate is increased from $10 a year to $50 Glenn Stockwell, of Randolph, Kans., ter was sent to Secretary of Agriculture Ezra a year, with the privilege of purchasing a showing what a group of intelligent and T. Benson, July 13:
progressive farmers can do in the way "Record heat 114° 3-month permit at $15.
common yesterday. of soil conservation and flood protection No rain past 2 weeks in most of Kansas. Fourth. Odd-sized pieces of third
when they cooperate in measures for Crops and grass are burning Stock-water class mail will be subject to a minimum
situation becoming critical. Forced cattle that purpose: charge of 5 cents, representing an in
marketing started. Some truckers report crease of 2 cents per piece.
RANDOLPH, KANS., July 14, 1954.
bookings 2 weeks ahead. Beef-purchase proHon. HOWARD S. MILLER,
gram, to be effective, should start at once. Fifth. The minimum charge on third- House Office Building,
Price paid for beef should warrant stronger class matter mailed at bulk rates with
Washington, D. C.
cattle prices. Contracts should be for deout individual addresses, for delivery DEAR CONGRESSMAN: I would like to tell livery dates requiring immediate purchase under regulations prescribed by the Post- you of my experience on my farm and in my by processors." neighborhood with watershed management
A. G. PICKETT, Secretary. master General, will be 2 cents per piece.
as a means of flood control. My farm is Sixth. No increases will be made in located on Crooked Creek in northern Riley
Mr. Speaker, that telegram was sent bulk rates on third-class mailings of County, Kans. This creek is typical of many a week ago and the heat and drought books and catalogs of 24 pages or more,
in this section. The creek is bordered with continue. The conditions are worsening
rich farmland that is highly farmed. The daily and stockmen are compelled to seeds, cuttings, bulbs, roots, scions, and uplands are rough and steep. Through im- liquidate their cattle. plants not exceeding 8 ounces in weight, proper farming and pasture management the It is my understanding that the Secor on mailings of nonprofit religious, watershed has deteriorated and floods on the
retary of Agriculture has authority to educational, scientific, philanthropic, creek were becoming more frequent and
institute a cattle-buying program to agricultural, veterans', or fraternal
In 1937 we had a very severe flood that meet this emergency. I am one Member organizations or associations.
destroyed acres of crops, washed out miles of Congress who believes it time to begin. CONTROLLED CIRCULATION PUBLICATIONS
of fencing and drowned livestock. It was
evident that we would either have to aban-
MY RECORD ON REA will be subject to a rate of 11 cents per some method of controlling the runoff waters. pound with a minimum charge of 112 My neighbors and myself consulted with Mr. VURSELL. Mr. Speaker, I want cents per piece.
technicians of the State college, and the to pay a compliment to the fine work the
Soil Conservation Service. We visited some officials of REA cooperatives have done BOOKS
of the demonstration projects on which throughout the Nation in bringing light The committee struck from the bill the watershed development was being tried out.
and power to millions of farmers in the provision which would have increased
We were soon convinced that our remedy postage on books by $4 million, or ap
was in a proper management and develop- last several years, which greatly in
ment of our watershed. It would have to be creases the wealth of the Nation by makproximately 25 percent. & community effort.
ing an outlet for the use and purchase
of electrical appliances, amounting to ported REA loan funds for the 12 years ported the $25 million, and this was the billions of dollars a year, which is an aid he has served in the Congress.
amount appropriated. to business and to the economy of the Mr. VURSELL. Mr. Speaker, I want
79th Cong., 1st sess., 1945 Nation, lifting at the same time much to thank both of these gentlemen, who
$150,000,000 hard work from the farm women of are members of the Agriculture Subcom
House committee approved.-- 60,000,000 America. mittee on Appropriations.
60,000,000 FREE ENTERPRISE Mr. Speaker, the members of the Ap- Senate approved--
125,000,000 As I have often said, I regard REA as propriations Committee of the House
In the House on final passage of the one of the finest examples of free enter- know that I have fully supported the
$60 million, there was a record vote. I prise at the grassroots. The officials loan funds for REA in every session of
had been called to my office on an emerwho direct the management of REA co- the Congress for the past 12 years.
gency matter, and returned to the floor operatives have done a splendid job, na- The farmers generally know that I
as quickly as possible, but got there tionwide. have not only supported the REA loan
about 2 minutes too late to be recorded The five REA cooperatives serving my fund to extend light and power to the favorably on the House vote. Conferees, congressional district have made every farmers of Illinois and the Nation, but representing the House and Senate, loan payment on time, and are ahead that I have supported soil conservation with their repayments now $1,763,954. and research and extension work; that compromised on $80 million, and I supThis fine record shows they are paying I helped to write and pass the farm- ported the conference report for $80
million. off their loans faster than they come
to-market roads program—to pull the
farmers out of the mud; that I have supdue.
79th Cong., 1st sess. (continued), 2d
deficiency, 1945 When I came to Congress in 1942, only ported the Farmers' Home Administra
Budget request---tion loans to assist farmers to own their
$160,000,000 49 percent of the farms in Illinois had
House committee approved.-- 50,000,000 electric light and power. Now, 12 years homes—and I note from a recent report
120,000,000 later, we have 95 percent served.
that 50 farm loans have been granted to VOTED FOR $2,649,000,000
farmers in Marion County; that I have I supported the $120 million on a diviIn these 12 years I have voted for REA
voted at all times and am still voting in sion vote. There was no rollcall. The loan funds a total of $2,649,000,000,
this session to help the farmers on every Senate approved $120 million. Final front.
amount approved $120 million, and I which is $75 million more than was requested by Presidents Roosevelt, Tru
I have owned and operated farms most voted for it. man, Eisenhower, and the Bureau of the of my life. I helped to organize, as a
79th Cong. 2d sess., 1946, urgent Budget acting for those Presidents. charter member, nearly 40 years ago,
deficiency, 1946 the Farm Bureau in Marion County, and House approved-----We appropriated.. $2, 649,000,000
$100,000,000 Presidents requested.------ 2,574, 000, 000 am still a member.
A motion was later made to recommit
NAIL CHARGES DOWN This shows we appropriated $75 mil
the bill, to eliminate funds for OPA, lion more for the REA loan fund than
Mr. Speaker, I want to nail these false which was defeated on a record vote. I was requested by these three Presidents.
charges down by giving you the record was not recorded on that vote, however, I thought the farmers should have
of my support of REA loan funds, care- it had nothing to do with REA. these facts. I decided to give them to
fully compiled by a member of the staff
79th Cong., 2d sess., (continued) you because I have learned that a false
$250,000,000 campaign is being started by those who priations for Agriculture.
250,000,000 hope to gain political advantage by May I point out that, in order to save Senate approved----
250,000,000 charging I had not adequately supported
time on the House floor, on many occa- Final amount approved ------- 250,000,000 the REA. These loans are repaid with sions, no record vote is taken. When
I voted for $250 million, as all other interest.
the Members are in agreement they Members present did. In order to save Mr. H. CARL ANDERSEN. Mr. often pass the bill by a voice vote rather
time no record vote was taken. Speaker, will the gentleman yield? than take the time to call the roll of
80th Cong., 1st sess., 1947 Mr. VURSELL. I yield.
435 Members, which must be called twice Mr. H. CARL ANDERSEN. The genon a rollcall vote.
$250,000,000 tleman from Illinois [Mr. VURSELL) has
Twelve years ago the first REA appro
House committee approved---- 225, 000, 000
225, 000, 000 throughout his 12 years in this House priation bill I was privileged to vote for always fought for what he has consid- came in the 1st session of the 78th
Mr. CANNON of Missouri offered motion ered to be just and fair treatment for Congress.
to recommit, CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, volthe farmer in every respect. I recall
HERE IS THE RECORD
ume 93, part 5, page 6030, to provide $300 the many times in which he has ap
78th Cong., 1st sess., 1943
million for the Agriculture Adjustment peared before my Subcommittee on Ap- Budget request.-
Administration, $75 million for school ---
$30,000,000 propriations for Agriculture in behalf of House committee approved.--- 20,000,000
lunches, and to increase REA $25 milsuch programs as REA. I have noticed Senate approved.-
30,000,000 lion. I voted against it because of the
. I that during these 12 years the gentleman
enormous sum added for AAA in the
It then went to a conference commitfrom Illinois [Mr. VURSELL) has always
House. tee of the House and Senate. When it voted as I have relative to REA loan
On final passage of conference report came back to the House, Congressman allocations. I am positive in my own
I voted "yes" on the rollcall vote for mind that during these years, he and I
RANKIN moved that the House approve $225 million—CONGRESSIONAL RECORD,
the Senate figure increasing REA appro- volume 93, part 5, page 6031; 315 of the have voted for $155 million above and
priations to $30 million. beyond what the budget has requested
The record Members voted “yes” and only 38 voted shows that I voted “yes” on the Rankin. "no."
“ of the Congress. There is no better
“” substitute-CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, volfriend of REA and the farmer than the
80th Cong., 2d sess., 1948 gentleman from Illinois [Mr. VURSELL). ume 89, part 5, page 6361—which was
First deficiency 1948 budget defeated. This shows I voted to increase Mr. VURSELL. I sincerely appreciate
$175,000,000 the comments of the gentleman from REA appropriations $10 million,
Committee approved------- 75, 000, 000 Minnesota [Mr. ANDERSEN], the chair
78th Cong., 2d sess., 1944
175,000,000 man of the Appropriations Subcommit- Budget request..
In other words, we in the House intee for Agriculture. House committee approved--- 20,000,000
creased the committee request by $100 House approved..
20,000,000 Mr. HORAN. Mr. Speaker, will the
million. Mr. CANNON of Missouri offered gentleman yield?
I supported the $20 million although motion to recommit, and increase REA Mr. VURSELL. I yield.
there was no record yote. It went to by $100 million. I voted “yes” on recMr. HORAN. I just want to say that the Senate, which increased the amount ord vote, CONGRESSIONAL RECORD, volume in my opinion the gentleman from Illi- to $40 million. The conference commit. 94, part 3, page 3995, and also voted “yes” nois is as good a friend of REA as there tee representing the House and the Sen- on record vote for final passage on April is in the Congress, and has been all down ate compromised at $25 million. No one 1, 1948. Senate also approved the through the years. He has fully sup- opposed the conference report. I sup- amount.