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LIC BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS Under clause 2 of rule XIII, reports of committees were delivered to the Clerk for printing and reference to the proper calendar, as follows:

Mr. DONDERO: Committee on Public Works. H. R. 9859. A bill authorizing the construction, repair, and preservation of certain public works on rivers and harbors for navigation, flood control, and for other purposes; without amendment (Rept. No. 2247). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union.

Mr. ARENDS: Committee on Armed Services. S. 22. An act to validate certain payments for accrued leave made to members of the Armed Forces who accepted discharges for the purpose of immediate reenlistment for an indefinite period; without amendment (Rept. No. 2249). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union.

Mr. HOPE: Committee on Agriculture. S. 3245. An act to provide emergency credit; with amendment (Rept. No. 2250). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union.

Mr. HOPE: Committee on Agriculture. S. 3697. An act to amend the act of April 6, 1937, as amended, to include cooperation with the Governments of Canada or Mexico or local Canadian or Mexican authorities for the control of incipient or emergency outbreak of insect pests or plant diseases; without amendment (Rept. No. 2251). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union.

Mr. ALLEN of California: Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. H. R.

7334. A bill to authorize certain property

transactions in Cocoli, C. Z., and for other purposes; without amendment (Rept. No. 2252). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union.

Mr. MILLER of Nebraska: Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. H. R. 8897. A bill to authorize and direct the Secretary of the Interior to transfer 40 acres of land in the Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation, Mont., to School District No. 6, Rosebud County, Mont.; with amendment (Rept. No. 2253). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union. Mr. ARENDS: Committee on Armed Services. H. R. 9302. A bill to permit retired members of the uniformed services to revoke elections made under the Uniformed Services Contingency Option Act of 1953 in certain cases where the elections were made because of mathematical errors or misinformation; with amendment (Rept. No. 2254). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union.

Mr. REAMS: Committee on Post Office and Civil Service. H. R. 9825. A bill to authorize the Postmaster General to prohibit or regulate the use of Government property under his custody and control for the parking or storage of vehicles; without amendment (Rept. No. 2255). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union.

Mr. LECOMPTE: Committee on House Administration. S. 1654. An act to amend the act entitled "An act to provide for a method of voting in time of war, by members of the land and naval forces absent from the place of their residence," approved September 16, 1942, as amended; with amendment (Rept. No. 2257). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union.

Mr. MILLER of Nebraska: Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs. H. R. 7813. A bill authorizing the Secretary of the Interior to adjust or cancel certain charges on the Milk River project; with amendment (Rept.

No. 2258). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union.

Mr. ALLEN of Illinois: Committee on Rules. House Resolution 639. Resolution for consideration of H. R. 8896, a bill to amend the mineral leasing laws to provide for multiple mineral development of the same tracts of the public lands, and for other purposes; without amendment (Rept. No. 2263). Referred to the House Calendar. Mr. REED of New York: Committee on

Ways and Means. H. R. 8932. A bill to reclassify dictaphones in the Tariff Act of 1930; with amendment (Rept. No. 2264). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union.

Mr. REED of New York: Committee on Ways and Means. H. R. 9666. A bill to amend section 1001, paragraph 412, of the Tariff Act of 1930, with respect to hardboard; with amendment (Rept. No. 2265). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union.

REPORTS OF COMMITTEES ON PRIVATE BILLS AND RESOLUTIONS Under clause 2 of rule XIII, reports of committees were delivered to the Clerk for printing and reference to the proper calendar, as follows:

Mr. ARENDS: Committee on Armed Services. H. R. 9804. A bill to authorize the appointment in a civilian position in the Department of Justice of Maj. Gen. Frank H. Partridge, United States Army, retired, and for other purposes; without amendment (Rept. No. 2248). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House.

Mr. LANE: Committee on the Judiciary. H. R. 4866. A bill for the relief of George S. Ridner; with amendment (Rept. No. 2256). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House.

Mr. WALTER: Committee on the Judiciary. House Concurrent Resolution 254. Concur

rent resolution favoring the granting of the status of permanent residence to certain aliens; without amendment (Rept. No. 2259). Referred to the Committee of the Whole House.

Miss THOMPSON of Michigan: Committee on the Judiciary. H. R. 3869. A bill for the relief of Gilbert Elkanah Richards, Adelaide Gertrude Richards, and Anthony Gilbert Richards; with amendment (Rept. No. 2260). Referred to the Committee of the Whole

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tion of the 75th anniversary of the first electrically lighted city in the world, Wabash, Ind.; to the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service.


H. R. 9913. A bill to convey by quitclaim deed certain land to the Brownsville Navigation District of Cameron County, Tex.; to the Committee on Armed Services.


H. R. 9914. A bill to declare that the United States holds certain lands in trust for the Rosebud Sioux Tribe of the Rosebud Reservation in the State of South Dakota; to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.


H. R. 9915. A bill declaring the Communist Party and similar revolutionary organizations illegal; and for other purposes; to the Committee on the Judiciary.


H. R. 9916. A bill to amend section 5 (a) of the Federal Trade Commission Act with respect to certain unfair methods of competition in connection with the sale of manufactured products; to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce.

H. R. 9917. A bill to amend section 5 (a) of the Federal Trade Commission Act with respect to certain unfair methods of competition in connection with the sale of motor vehicles; to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce.


H. R. 9918. A bill to change the name of Gavins Point Reservoir back of Gavins Point Dam to Lewis and Clark Lake; to the Committee on Public Works.


H. R. 9919. A bill to release and quitclaim all rights and interests of the United States in certain real property to Newport, Ark.; to the Committee on Government Operations.

H. R. 9920. A bill to release and quitclaim all rights and interests of the United States in certain real property to Walnut Ridge, Ark.; to the Committee on Government Operations.

By Mr. REED of Illinois:

H. R. 9921. A bill to amend section 709 of title 18, United States Code, so as to protect the name of the Federal Bureau of Investigation from commercial exploitation; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. REED of New York:

H. R. 9922. A bill to authorize the Secre

tary of the Treasury to prescribe regulations relating to qualifications of persons who assist taxpayers in the determination of the Federal tax liabilities, and for other purposes; to the Committee on Ways and Means. By Mr. ROGERS of Texas:

H. R. 9923. A bill to provide that the provisions of the Natural Gas Act shall not apply to the sale of natural gas, as an incident of its production and gathering, by an independent producer not engaged in the interstate transmission of natural gas; to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce.

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Under clause 1 of rule XXII, petitions and papers were laid on the Clerk's desk and referred as follows:

1101. By Mr. WOLCOTT: Petition of William Swayze, Lapeer, Mich., and 86 others, relative to H. R. 1227, a bill to prohibit the transportation in interstate commerce of advertisements of alcoholic beverages, and for other purposes; to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce.

1102. Also, petition of Henry Levasseur, Mount Clemens, Mich., and 15 others requesting that H. R. 4596, a bill to grant a pension of $100 per month to all honorably discharged veterans of World War I who are over 62 years of age, be enacted into law; to the Committee on Veterans' Affairs.

1103. By the SPEAKER: Petition of the chairman, Hawaii Statehood Commission, Honolulu, T. H., relative to a special meet

ing held June 24, 1954, at Honolulu, that, with the profoundest respect and sorrow for the memory of its lost leader, Joseph R. Farrington, the Commission implore the United States Congress to quicken action on Hawaii's statehood bill; to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.

1104. Also, petition of Daniel B. Maher, State of Maryland, relative to filing a petition for redress of grievance in behalf of Clyde L. Powell, who is a resident of the State of Missouri; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

1105. Also, petition of the president, Public Power and Water Corp., Trenton, N. J., relative to an affidavit in support of motion and petition for impeachment, Public Power and Water Corp. against Hon. Herbert Brownell, Jr., Attorney General of the United States; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

Let's Not Deceive Ourselves







Mr. BYRD. Mr. Speaker, the Red tide sweeps on in Asia while Western diplomacy continues to parry and obviously tries to compromise with the menace of Communist imperialism.

Having secured the rich Red River Delta under their belts, a prize awarded to them by voluntary French withdrawal, the Communists are now sweeping on toward Hanoi. It is not a pleasant thing, Mr. Speaker, to read of Americans and other civilians fleeing with an alacrity that suggests panic at Hanoi, and of course there are increasing signs that a Red fifth column awaits only the signal to spring into action inside the city.

Soon, we are told, the battle for Hanoi will begin. Judging by the resistance that has been offered thus far to the onrushing Reds, this is not a very cheering prospect. The Communist offensive against this important city comes at a time when the French Government at home is at what appears to be a perpetual crisis, and the disposition of Western diplomacy seems to be to make

a gift of a large part of Vietnam to the fers the loss of face once more? No. Reds.

We might do well to pause and ponder what the recent French withdrawal from the Red Delta in Tonkin, Vietnam, meant. Without the firing of a shot, the Reds were handed a territory embracing some 1,600 square miles, and given control over some 22 million of people. This region is a rich agricultural belt, but, more than this, the action handed over free peoples into Bamboo Curtain slavery-that is what it amounts to on a practical basis no matter how anyone tries to sugar-coat the bitter pill.

Furthermore, Mr. Speaker, a deal is being rigged right now at Geneva where "peace" for Indochina is being framed by "statesmen," statesmen who are bent on coexisting with communism and who 'will endeavor to legitimatize this selling out of millions of souls to Red tyranny. Mr. Dulles has already been importuned to get back to Geneva so that the prestige of the United States may be utilized to give an air of respectability to this newest and latest sellout to communism.

I ask you, Mr. Speaker, does any sensible, right-minded person believe for a second that anyone is going to be fooled by all the high-sounding platitudes that will be used to cover up this latest chapter of appeasement? Does anyone believe for a moment that the actions of Americans fleeing Hanoi will be lost on Asia's teeming millions as the West suf

When the people of the world see what is going on at Hanoi, they will be wondering when it will be Saigon's turn, and how long it will be before Tokyo becomes the target for an all-out Communist drive.

That is the logical course of events, Mr. Speaker, in view of the West's soft policy toward Communist aggression. All of these objectives I have outlined are but station stops on the Communist drive for world conquest. What a pity it is that, in the face of such brutal evidence, statesmen of the West-men who should know the ways of aggression and especially the wiles of the Communist plunderer-continue to delude themselves that this way of abject appeasement is the road to peace. What monumental folly, Mr. Speaker. What moral blindness. What dangerous policy.

I wonder how many of our so-called Western "statesmen" stop to realize that in a world threatened by an atomic

armament race the potentials of Asian resources far outstrip those of the Western World. Let us look to our maps, consult our geography, note the rich natural resources of Asia, and speculate upon the almost unlimited manpower of the East; then let us speculate, grimly, if you please, upon what will be the balance of power if, in our poverty of policy, we allow the Asian Continent to come wholly under Communist rule.

The first point in an intelligent, realistic approach to the global threat presented by Communist imperialism must be the realization that coexistence with communism can only be achieved upon Communist terms, and this represents victory for the Communists by default.

Secondly, no matter what the Communists pretend in the way of coexistence with the West, they do not themselves believe coexistence to be possible, for they are committed to the proposition that it is a matter of historical necessity that Marxism must eventually be triumphant over the West.

So, when the Communists talk of coexistence they are merely using it as a pretext for a breather so as to gain time to digest their gains and get prepared for the next forward push.

Thirdly, in our diplomatic approach to the problem, we must realize that a political-moral chain reaction follows each and every single set of appeasement toward communism. An action in any one place in the world of public affairs is followed by political reaction everywhere else throughout the world. Japan, the bastion of the free world's defense in the East, East, is watching closely every development in Indochina. So, too, are Malaya, Burma, Indonesia, Thailand, and Pakistan and Iran-all of these states feel the political tremors as the Red storm breaks over Asia. Continued appeasement of Russian imperialism can only react to our ultimate sorrow.

Finally, we deceive ourselves at our own peril. We cannot embrace evil and hope to dwell in peace and security with it.

Mr. Speaker, I offer these suggestions for the West, and I commend them to the attention of Western diplomats in the hope that the free world may arouse itself from the torpor of delusion and the sweet gas of appeasement before it is too late. It is even now well beyond

the 11th hour.

Tribute to William J. Jernick, Newly Elected Grand Exalted Ruler of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks






Mr. RODINO. Mr. Speaker, the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks of the United States of America is favored in many respects. But our order appears to be especially favored in the unimpeachable character and outstanding qualifications of the men who are willing to devote a year of their lives to serve as Grand Exalted Ruler. We were more than fortunate at the recent Los Angeles grand lodge session in the unanimous choice of William J. Jernick, of Nutley, N. J., as chief executive for the ensuing year.

It is not strange that the Order of Elks was attracted to such a man or that the order appealed to him as offering a wide field for useful endeavor. His election to grand exalted ruler climaxes Jernick's 20-some years of membership

on July 24 for his is a personality which makes only friends, no enemies. To all of us he is our good friend, our good neighbor. R. E. H.

in the United Nations


in the Elks. He joined Nutley Lodge in Red China Has No Right to Membership 1934, and 5 years later was its exalted ruler. ruler. Then in 1940, he became president of the New Jersey State Elks Association. He entered the grand lodge by appointment to the activities committee, of which he became chairman. Further grand lodge service included grand treasurer and grand trustee.

Eighty-six years have passed since a small group of inspired men took the virtues of charity, justice, brotherly love, and fidelity, and bound them into the organization of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. The order has grown from the modest to the magnificent and has increased from a parlor group to 1,122,803 members.

Under Bill Jernick's inspiring guidance we may turn our faces to the future, knowing our splendid traditions will be upheld and that the order will expand its sphere of usefulness to mankind. The guidance we can expect is well illustrated in William Jernick's acceptance speech at Los Angeles. After urging Elks and all Americans to plan their thinking and living toward the preservation of our freedom against the threat of communism, Jernick stated:

If this world had more respect for divine guidance, it might have less need for guided missiles.

A charming wife and daughter-Mrs. Betty Duffy, of Honolulu-constitute the distaff side of the Jernick family. Two sons are Elks, Dr. Robert H. Jernick and William J. Jernick, Jr.

Bill Jernick is a resident and former As an executive mayor of Nutley, N. J. of the Thomas Edison Co. in Belleville, N. J., he is devoted to his work in the battery division as assistant vice president in charge of production. He has He has found time to give unselfishly to community interests and has established has established

himself in the confidence and esteem of

his fellow townsmen, as evidenced by the following editorial from the July 8, 1954, issue of the Nutley Sun:

PRIDE IN A GOOD NEIGHBOR Nutley can but feel a warm glow of extreme pride in the election this week of former Mayor William J. Jernick to the office of grand exalted ruler of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks. His election is one of those one-in-a-million tributes because the Elks' membership now surpasses 1,125,000. The national fraternal society recognized early in Jernick exactly the same qualities of integrity, honesty, endeavor, and ability which we, here in Nutley, recognized when time after time we elected him as our mayor. His record at the head of our town administration was outstanding and by his temperate leadership, his calm, fair, and fearless guidance of the town commission, he established our municipal government on a high standard of honest efficiency.

For the next year Bill Jernick will travel the land because one of the duties of his office is to visit as many lodges as possible. Wherever he goes, he can but add to the prestige of Nutley. It is with a great deal of pride and happiness that Nutley will join in a "welcome home, Bill" fiesta in the oval





Mr. WOLVERTON. Mr. Speaker, there is no basis of right or justice that entitles Red China to membership in the United Nations. On the contrary, there is every reason why it should not be admitted as a member.

The history of Red China has been one of war. Its hands are stained with blood. Its entrance into the Korean in the unnecessary shedding of the blood war prolonged hostilities and resulted of good American boys. Nearly 150,000 casualties in the ranks of our Army in Korea can be charged to it. And today Red China is giving aid and support to the fighting that is raging in Indochina. What a record on which to base a claim of right to admission to the United Nations, the fundamental purpose of which is to promote peace.

Even the most casual reading of the purposes of the United Nations destroys any right of Red China to membership in it. Observe the following taken from the charter of the United Nations:

Article 1 spells out the purposes for which the United Nations has been organized—

To maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace, and to bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace;

To develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and self-determination of peoples, and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace;

To achieve international cooperation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion; and

To be a center for harmonizing the actions of the nations in the attainment of these common ends.

Article 2 imposes rules of conduct upon the members:

The organization is based on the principle of the sovereign equality of all its members. All members, in order to insure to all of them the rights and benefits resulting from membership, shall fulfill in good faith the obligations assumed by them in accordance with the present charter.

All members shall settle their international disputes by peaceful means in such a manner that international peace and security, and justice, are not endangered.

All members shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State, or in any other manner inconsistent with the purposes of the United Nations.

All members shall give the United Nations every assistance in any action it takes in accordance with the present charter, and shall refrain from giving assistance to any state against which the United Nations is taking preventive or enforcement action.

Mr. Speaker, measured against the requirements laid down in the charter, the Chinese Communists do not meet the standards prescribed for membership in the United Nations. They have shown a consistent disregard for fundamental human rights, they have degraded the dignity of persons, and they have obliterated the rights of individuals. Freedom has been stifled; intolerance has been substituted for tolerance.

In the international field the Chinese Communists have not only refused to assist the United Nations in its action taken in accordance with the charter against aggression in Korea; they have participated in the aggression. This is not alone the judgment of the United States. It is the considered conclusion reached by an overwhelming majority of the General Assembly. A regime that has been held to have violated the charter cannot plead that it meets the standards necessary to hold a seat in an organization pledged to support that very charter. Indeed to seat the Chinese Communists would only qualify them for expulsion. Article 6 states that—

A member of the United Nations which has persistently violated the principles contained in the present charter may be expelled from the organization.

To accord representation to a regime that is unable or unwilling to discharge its international responsibilities would make a mockery of the very principles that led to the creation of the United Nations. It would violate both the letter and the spirit of the charter.

The moral and legal issues involved in this question are not in conflict with the practical issues. The United States and the United Nations are engaged in hostilities against the Chinese Communists. To give them a permanent seat on the Security Council equal in weight to that of the United States and the other permanent members, would enhance their prestige, give courage to their sympathizers, and weaken those who are resisting Communist aggression from without and Communist subjugation from within. It would imply an acceptance of their permanent conquest of China and give them an air of respectability. All of this is in contradiction to the judgement already expressed by the members.

The consequences of seating the Chinese Communists would be disastrous. It would be a reward to the enemies of the United Nations and of the United States. The prestige of the organization would suffer irreparably no less than that of the members who are fighting to uphold its principles.

The United States has vigorously opposed efforts to seat the Chinese Communists in the United Nations at each

of the approximately 150 times that this question has been raised since 1950.

The administration under President Eisenhower has been alert at all times to the danger inherent in admitting Communist China into the United Nations. On July 7, of the present year, President Eisenhower in answer to questions addressed to him at his press conference replied in a manner to leave no doubt of his unqualified opposition. He said:

I am completely and unalterably opposed under the present situation to the admission of Red China into the U. N. I personally think that 95 percent of the population of the United States would take the same stand. Now let's take a look at this thing for a minute, if you will bear with me. There is a moral question, first of all, that is involved. The United Nations was not established primarily as a supergovernment clothed with a' of the authority of a supergovernment and of great power to do things. It was, among other things, an attempt to marshal the moral strength of the world in order to preserve peace, to make certain that quarrels were composed through a decent respect for justice and fairness and right, and to see whether we couldn't avoid resort to force. Now, today we have Red China going to Geneva and instead of taking a conciliatory attitude toward anything, it excoriated the United Nations. As a matter of fact, in Geneva it demanded repudiation of the United Nations position. On top of that, Red China is today at war with the United Nations. They were declared an aggressor by the United Nations in the Assembly. That situation has never been changed. They are occupying North Korea; they have supported this great effort at further enslavement of the peoples in Indochina; they have held certain of our prisoners unjustifiably and they have been guilty of the employment of the worst possible diplomatic deportment in the international affairs of the world. Now, how can the United States as a self-respecting nation, doing its best and in conformity with the moral standards as we understand them, how can we possibly say this country should be admitted or this government should be admitted to the U. N.? That is the way the case stands now, and that is my position.

We went into the United Nations under treaty forms. Now, I must say first, if the United States ever reaches the point that it wants to repudiate solemn treaty obligations

it must do so after the most careful deliberation and study of all of the consequences that could be involved. Secondly, I repeat, the establishment of the United Nations was an effort to rally the moral forces of the world.

I don't see how in all conscience the United Nations-I don't see how any state, impartial state, can vote for their acceptance under present conditions-I don't understand it.

This firm statement by the President as well as others by the Secretary of State and by Members of both Houses of Congress appear to have borne fruit. Within the past few days one of our major allies that seemed to be giving strong support to Communist Chinese representation in the United Nations has advocated a more cautious and realistic approach.

To further substantiate the strong position that has been taken by our Government, I draw attention to the letter of Thruston B. Morton, Assistant Secretary of State, dated July 8, 1954, addressed to Hon. ROBERT B. CHIPERFIELD, chairman of the Committee on Foreign

Affairs of the House of Representatives, in which he sets forth the policy of the United States Government. It reads as follows:

DEPARTMENT OF STATE, Washington, July 8, 1954. The Honorable ROBERT B. CHIPERFIELD, Chairman, Committee on Foreign Affairs, House of Representatives.

DEAR MR. CHIPERFIELD: Pursuant to our telephone conversation of July 7, the Department of State submits the following comments on House Joint Resolution 286 which provides that if the Communist regime of China "should be admitted to the United Nations or any of the specialized agencies referred to in article 57 of the United Nations Charter, the United States Government should reexamine its policy regarding the United Nations or the specialized agency, as the case may be, and its membership therein."

This Government firmly opposes the seating of representatives of the Chinese Communist regime in the United Nations and the specialized agencies. The President reaffirmed this policy as recently as July 7. United States representatives in meetings of the United Nations and the specialized agencies are actively carrying out this policy. They will continue to do so. In addition, the considered and firm policy of this Government has been made clear to other friendly governments beyond the possibility of any misunderstanding, and we will continue to reiterate our views whenever required. We believe that this course of action offers the best prospect for the continued achievement of our basic policy objective.

If representatives of the Chinese Communist regime should be seated in the United Natio or any of the specialized agencies, it is axiomatic that we would reexamine our policy regarding the organization concerned, in the light of the circumstances then existing. However, we would not think that the policy we have in mind would be promoted by any congressional action which seemed to take it for granted that the Chinese Communist regime would in fact be seated in the various organs of the United Nations. Sincerely yours,


Assistant Secretary (For the Secretary of State).

I am in full accord with the attitude our Government has taken in its opposition to Communist China. I shall vote

in favor of the resolution-House Resolution 627-now under consideration by the House and which reads as follows:

Resolved, That the House of Representatives reiterates its opposition to the seating of the Communist regime in China as the representative of China in the United Nations or any of its specialized agencies and supports the President in his expressed determination to use all means to prevent such representation.

Question of the Week






Mr. BENDER. Mr. Speaker, can anybody tell us what "peaceful coexistence" means to Moscow?

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Public Laws 404 to 423, Inclusive






Thursday, July 15, 1954


S. 2773, mail distribution from motor vehicles: Envisioned in this law is a future with a post office on motor wheels driving up to your doorstep with your morning mail. At present there are 133 highway post offices distributing mail en route in rural shorthaul areas. But existing law prohibited their operation where adequate railroad facilities were available. Public Law 405 leaves it to the discretion of the Postmaster General. Immediate expansion of the in substitution of branch-line railroads which either have gone out of existence or have greatly reduced train service. If it works, the post office on wheels in big cities like Chicago is among the possibilities.

Mr. O'HARA of Illinois. Mr. Speaker, by unanimous consent, I am extending motor-vehicle service is in prospect, at first my remarks to include the reports to my constituents covering Public Laws 404 to 423, inclusive, as follows:


DEAR FRIEND: As the 83d Congress continues the drive toward an expected adjournment around month-end the number of House Members who have answered all rollcalls (including quorum calls) has been reduced from 9 (of 435) at the close of the first session to 4 at the present time. I am happy that good fortune has permitted your Representative to remain on the list. I thought you would wish it that way.

The number who have answered all calls in the 1953-54 sessions, I am told, is the lowest in the modern history of the Congress, due among other good and valid reasons to the President's congressional luncheons and the trips to Nevada to witness atomic explosions. Important committee assignments at home and abroad necessarily caused others to miss some rollcalls.

Begining where we left off, here are the new laws of the land:


S. 2761, irrigation costs: This is legislation to take care of hardship cases in connection with the Hermiston and West Extension irrigation districts in Oregon. I found the facts interesting; I think you will.

Operation of the Hermiston unit started in 1908. Total repayments on the $2,573,000 cost have been little more than $300,000. The west extension unit was opened in 1917. Cost was $1,137,000; repayments have totaled $86,000. Reason: because of soil conditions, lands reverted to their original condition, covered with sagebrush and greasewood; farmers just could not raise crops to meet required repayments.

Public Law 404, similar to other laws in like situations, adjusts scale of repayments to gear with land productivity. The original act provided for an amortization period of 40 years, later extended to 50 years. Public Law 404 further extends the period to 163 years. At the end of that period slightly less than half a million dollars additional repayments will have been made on both projects, leaving Uncle Sam to hold the bag for close to $3 million. Proving, I would say, that all the millions that go into irrigation do not come out in fertile acres.

The overall record of repayments on irrigation projects in the 17 States where located is reported as good. Some have returned to the Federal Government 100 cents on the dollar, others have gone almost completely sour. This of interest to you since you contribute to the Federal tax dollars that foot the bill when miscalculations and overzeal in the planning result in later busts.

Also you will take local interest and pride that under the direction of Gordon Clapp, M. A. (University of Chicago) in the case of TVA not only has the repayment schedule been met, but payments are far in advance of a schedule requiring complete repayment in 40 years. Furthermore, TVA is returning a 4- to 5-percent yield on the money invested by the Federal Government. That University of Chicago's M. A. in this instance means "money ahead" for Uncle Sam and you, his taxpaying nieces and nephews.

The railway postal clerks and other postal workers are watching the development with some apprehension. I was present at a meeting of railway postal clerks in Chicago when an accredited representative of the Postmaster General stated it was the thought of his department ultimately to use the railroads only in long-haul operations, otherwise motors and aircraft. The railway postal clerks have rendered a long and honorable service to the Government. It is only fair that in any innovations in the name of progress, economy, and efficiency due respect be shown their right in seniority.

In voting for Public Law 405 it was on the assurance that its administration in the limited area planned would not be permitted to trespass upon the rights of present postal workers.


S. 3090, Falcon Dam on the Rio Grande: Falcon Dam, 75 miles from Laredo, Tex., is a joint multiple-purpose project of the United States and Mexico. It was completed in 1953. This year when devastating floods destroyed 1,500 homes and did vast damage around Laredo the huge reservoir of the dam (storing flood waters for future dry seasons) completely protected the area south of Laredo on both sides of the border.

The project includes one power plant. Two additional plants, one on the American side, one on th Mexican, are near completion. Cost: $47 million, divided equally between the two Governments. The power plants, interconnected, will generate 250 kilowatt-hours annually, subject to equal division.

Public Law 406 provides for the transmission and disposition (under the Secretary of the Interior) of our share of this power. Rate schedules will cover cost of production and amortization of Uncle Sam's investment. Protection against a grab by a private company is in this provision: "Preference in the sale of such power and energy shall be given to public bodies and cooperatives."

Here is a strengthening illustration of how two governments can work together in a joint adventure contributing to the economic development of both countries and in the end realizing the full return of invested capital.


S. 3524, temporary appointments in Navy: During the Korean emergency title III of the Officer Personnel Act of 1947 relating to the advancement of junior naval officers was suspended. Now the Navy plans to go back to that act. Public Law 407 clears the way by classifying some 17,750 naval officers promoted since June 30, 1951, under another act as having been promoted under title III. Passed by consent.


S. 3446, West Point: This authorizes the needed rehabilitation of two barracks at the West Point Academy.


H. R. 107. Fort Buford, N. Dak.: By reason of this legislation the North Dakota State Historical Society will take over part of the

site of Fort Buford (trading post in 1774) to restore it to the likeness of old days when troops rode from its enclosure to do battle with hostile redskins. Its proposed restoration follows a popular nationwide trend resulting from auto touring and the love of Americans to visit spots of interest in our national history.

DEAR FRIEND: Continuing where we left
off, here are the new laws of the land:


H. R. 2226, naval civilian employees: This repeals an old law (1902) under which civilian employees of the Navy serving overseas were paid salaries from date of vessel's departure from and arrival at United States ports. Hereafter they will be paid as all other Government overseas employees, from date of leaving their actual homes and arrival at work sites, and vice versa on return. Passed by consent.


H. R. 8487, census of manufactures: This is a good illustration of how the first session of the 83d Congress (1953) made a false showing of economy.

By law a census of manufactures, minerals, and other businesses is required every 5 years after 1949. That made one due in 1954. But the Congress, to make a paper showing of economy, failed to include it in the appropriations for 1953, when the work had to be done.

Public Law 411 authorizes the extension of the time for the census from 1954 to 1955. Result: the money saved one year will be spent the next.


H. R. 6328, Hawaii: Hawaiian Organic Act prohibits any exchange of public lands exceeding 40 acres in area or $5,000 in value. So when the Territory [to encourage citizen farmers and to consolidate its own holdings] wished to swap 288 acres of public lands near Waimea for Citizen Smart's 308 acres, Public Law 412 (authorizing the trade) was necessary.


H. R. 2849, Hawaii: In 1936 the Federal Government gave to the Territorial government of Hawaii some 9 acres at Kahului exclusively for use as a public park. No residences nearby, there is no demand for a park. But business of the port has boomed and there is presently a demand for additional storage and shedded area for increased shipping. Public Law 413 makes the 9 acres available for that purpose by removing the park restriction.


H. R. 5913, second-class mail matter: This simplifies the handling of postage on newspapers and periodicals by repealing an obsolete law (39 U. S. C. 286) requiring the manual affixing of stamps. It will save work and expense for both the postal service and the publishers.


H. R. 5831. Hawaii: Territorial Legislature of Hawaii petitioned the Congress for this legislation authorizing the Hawaiian Homes Commission to exchange lands under its control for other public lands of equal value. The Commission makes homesteads available to native Hawaiians up to 5,000 acres a year. PUBLIC LAW 416

H. R. 5833, Hawaii: Another law for the Hawaiians. It authorizes the exchange of public lands for private lands needed as the sites for new public schools.


H. R. 6888, Hawaii: Still another Hawaiian measure. This provides for the lease to native Hawaiians of irrigated pastoral lands in lots of from 40 to 100 acres.

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