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tion or restriction is in force, the importation into the United States of similar or other articles, products of such country, dependency, or colony as in his opinion the public interest may require; and in such case he shall make proclamation stating the article or articles which are prohibited from importation into the United States; and any person or persons who shall iinport, or attempt or conspire to import, or be concerned in importing, such article or articles, into the United States contrary to the prohibition in such proclamation, shall be liable to a fine of not less than $2,000 nor more than $50,000, or to imprisonment not to exceed two years, or both, in the discretion of the court. The President may change, modify, revoke, or renew such proclamation in his discretion. Sec. 805, title l'Ill, act of Sept. 8, 1916 (39 Stat. 799).

2929. Detention of foreign vessels for giving undue commercial advantage to some individual.--That whenever, during the existence of a war in which the l'nited States is not engaged, the President shall be satistied that there is reasonable ground to believe that any vessel, American or foreign, is, on account of the laws, regulations, or practices of a belligerent Government, making or giving any undue or unreasonable preference or advantage in any respect whatsoever to any particular person, company, firm, or corporation, or any particular description of traffic in the United States or its possessions or to any citizens of the United States residing in neutral countries abroail, or is subjecting any particular person, company, firm, or corporation or any particular description of traflic in the United States or its possessions, or any citizens of the United States residing in neutral countries abroad to any unlue or unreasonable prejudice, disadvantage, injury, or discrimination in rezaril to accepting, receiving, transporting, or delivering, or refusing to accept, receive, transfer, or deliver any cargo, freight or passengers, or in any other respect whatsoever, he is hereby authorized and empowered to direct the detention of such vessels by withholding clearance or by formal notice forbidding departure, and to revoke, modify, or reneur any such direction. Scc, 806, title VIII, act of Sept. 8, 1916 (39 Stat. 799-890).

2930. Detention of vessels of a country where commercial facilities are denied to Americans.-

That whenever, during the existence of a war in which the United States is not engageel, the President shall be satisfied that there is reasonable ground to believe that under the laws, regulations, or practices of any belligerent country or Governinent, American ships or American citizens are not accorded any of the facilities of commerce which the vessels or citizens of that belligerent country enjoy in the United States or its possessions, or are not accorded by such belligerent equal privileges or facilities of trade with vessels or citizens of any nationality other than that of such belligerent, the President is hereby authorized and empowered to withhold clearance from one or more vessels of such belligerent country until such belligerent shall restore to such American vessels and American citizens reciprocal liberty of commerce and equal facilities of trade; or the President may direct that similar privileges and facilities, if any, enjoyed by vessels or citizens of such belligerent in the United States or its possessions be refused to vessels or citizens of such belligerent; and in such case he shall make proclamation of his direction, stating the facilities and privileges which shall be refused, and the belligerent to whose vessels or citizens they are to be refused, and thereafter the furnishing of such probibited privileges and facilities to any vessel or citizen of the belligerent named in such proclamation shall be unlawful; and he may change, modify, revoke, or renew such proclamation; and any person or persons who shall

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furnish or attempt or conspire to furnish or be concerned in furnishing or in the concealment of furnishing facilities or privileges to ships or persons contrary to the prohibition in such proclamation shall be liable to a fine of not less than $2,000 nor more than $50,000 or to imprisonment not to exceed two years, or both, in the discretion of the court.

Sec. 806, title VIII, act of Sept. 8, 1916 (39 Stat. 800).

2931. Vessels departing without clearance.- * In case any vessel which is detained by virtue of this Act shall depart or attempt to depart from the jurisdiction of the United States without clearance or other lawful authority, the owner or master or person or persons having charge or command of such ressel shall be severally liable to a fine of not less than $2,000 nor more than $10,000, or to imprisonment not to exceed two years, or both, and in addition, such vessel shall be forfeited to the United States.

Sec. 806, title VII, act of Sept. 8, 1916 (39 Stat, 800).

2932. Armed forces employed to enforce neutrality in commerce.That the President of the United States is hereby authorized and empowered to employ such part of the land or naval forces of the United States as shall bie necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act. Scc. 806, title VIII, act of Scpt. 8, 1916 (39 Stat. 800).

2933. Control of vessels in territorial waters of the United States in time of war.-Whenever the President by proclamation or Executive order declares a national emergency to exist by reason of actual or threatened war, insurrection, or invasion, or disturbance or threatened disturbance of the international relations of the United States, the Secretary of the Treasury may make, subject to the approval of the President, rules and regulations governing the anchorage and movement of any vessel, foreign or domestic, in the territorial waters of the United States, may inspect such vessel at any time, place guards thereon, and, if necessary in his opinion in order to secure such vessels from damage or injury, or to prevent damage or injury to any harbor or waters of the United States, or to secure the observance of the rights and obligations of the United States, may take, by and with the consent of the President, for such purposes, full possession and control of such vessel and remove there. from the officers and crew thereof and all other persons not specially authorized by him to go or remain on board thereof.

Within the territory and waters of the Canal Zone the Governor of the Panama Canal, with the approval of the President, shall exercise all the powers conferred by this section on the Secretary of the Treasury. Sec. 1, title II, act of June 15, 1917 (40 Stat. 220).

2934. Seizure of vessels in time of war.-If any owner, agent, master, officer, or person in charge, or any member of the crew of any such vessel fails to comply with any regulation or rule issued or order given by the Secretary of the Treasury or the Governor of the Panama Canal under the provisions of this title, or obstructs or interferes with the exercise of any power conferred by this title, the vessel, together with her tackle, apparel, furniture, and equip. ment, shall be subject to seizure and forfeiture to the United States in the same manner as merchandise is forfeited for violation of the customs revenue laws; and the person guilty of such failure, obstruction, or interference shall be fined not more than $10,000, or imprisoned not more than two years, or both. Sec. 2, tille II, act of June 15, 1917 (40 Stat. 220).

2935. Willful injury of vessels, conspiracy aboard, etc.-It shall be unlawfui for the owner or master or any other person in charge or command of any private vessel, foreign or domestic, or for any member of the crew or other person, within the territorial waters of the United States, willfully to cause or permit the destruction or injury of such vessel or knowingly to permit said vessel to be used as a place of resort for any person conspiring with another or preparing to commit any offense against the United States, or in violation of the treaties of the United States or of the obligations of the United States under the law of nations, or to defraud the United States, or knowingly to permit such vessels to be used in violation of the rights and obligations of the United States under the law of nations; and in case such vessel shall be so used, with the knowledge of the owner or master or other person in charge or command thereof, the vessel, together with her tackle, apparel, furniture, and equipment, shall be subject to seizure and forfeiture to the United States in the same manner as merchandise is forfeited for violation of the customs revenue laws; and whoever violates this section shall be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned not more than two years, or both. Sec. 3, title II, act of June 15, 1917 (40 Stat. 220).

2936. Control of vessels in territorial waters by armed force.-The President may employ such part of the land or naval forces of the United States as he may deem necessary to carry out the purpose of this title. Sec. 4, titlo II, act of June 15, 1917 (40 Stat. 220).

CHAPTER 48.

ALIENS.

Readmission of veterans, 2937.
Noluralization :
Military service requirements-

Discharged before Jan. 1, 1900, 2938.
Three years' service, 2939.
Condition of enlistment, 2940.
Indians, 2941.

Affidavits of witnesses, 2942.
Residence requirements

Veterans of the World War, 2943.
Certificate of service in lieu of proof,

2944.
Affidavits of witnesses, 2945.
Applications by soldiers-

Filed in Dearest court, 2946.
Without appearance, 2947.
Fees, 2948.

Veterans of World War, 2949.
Petition heard immediately, 2930.

Naturalization--Continued.

Subject of enemy country, 2951.
Declaration of intention made prior to

Sept. 27, 1906, 2952.
Counterfeiting certificate of citizenship,

2953.
Expatriation of citizens of United States :

Allegiance to foreign State, 2954.
Residence in foreign State, 2955.
Prohibited in time of war, 2956.
Repatriation of veterans of allied armies,

2957.
Alien enemies :
Restraint in time of war, 2958.

Declarants, 2959.
Escape from internment, 2960.
Control of telegraph cable lines in

Alaska, 2961.

or

2937. Readmission to the United States of veterans of the World War.–That, potwithstanding the provisions of section three of the immigration Act of February fifth, nineteen hundred and seventeen, excluding from the United States aliens who are likely to become a public charge, or who are physically defective, or who are contract laborers, or who have come in consequence of advertisements for labor printed, published, or distributed in a foreign country, or who are assisted by others to come, or whose ticket or passage is paid for with the money of another or by any corporation, association, society, municipality, or foreign government, or who are stowaways, or who are illiterate, aliens lawfully resident in the United States when heretofore or hereafter enlisted or conscripted for the military or naval service of the United States, or of any one of the nations cobelligerent of the United States in the present war; and aliens lawfully resident in the United States who have enlisted for service with Czecho-Slovak, Polish, or other independent forces attached to the United States Army or to the army or navy of any one of the cobelligerents of the United States in the present war, who may during or within one year after the termination of the war apply for readmission to this country, after being honorably dis-harged or granteil furlough abroad by the proper military or naval authorities, or after being rejected on final examination in connection with their enlistment or conscription shall, within two years after the termination of the war, be readmitted ; and that any alien of either of the foregoing descriptions who would otherwise be excluded under said section of the immigration Act on the ground that he is idietic, imbecile, feeble-minded, epileptic, insane, or has had one or more attacks of insanity, or on the ground that he is afflicted with constitutional psychopathic inferiority, tuberculosis, a loathsowe or dangerous contagious disease, or inental defect, shall be readmitted if it is proved that the disability was acquired while the alien was serving in the military or naval forces of the United States or of any one of the nations cobelligerent of the United States in the present war or in an inde

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