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a school committee, consisting of the mayor “ emptity." Whitehead was poet laureate. I loveliness, like a new creation. I cannot and aldermen, er officio, and one gentleman All new poetry was submitted to the judg- better exemplify my meaning, than by chosen annually by each ward. They are ment of Johnson's powerful but prosaic tracing to its possible originals the following required by their own rules to examine the intellect; Pope and Young were in full beautiful picture of Collins'. schools once a month, and, by a law of the vogue, Thompson was sneered at,-Gray Love framed with Mirth a gay fantastic round ;state, once a year.
ridiculed,—Collins utterly neglected-and, Loose were her tresses seen, her zone unbound, But one objection can possibly be urged to crown the climax, the Reviewer of And he amid his frolic play, against any part of these institutions. Per- Goldsmith's Traveller “in sad and sober As if he would the charming air repay, haps the system of animating the pupils in- earnest criticised it as a pamphlet in verse, Shook thousands odours from his dewy wings. to industry by the principle of emulation, on political economy.” This state of things This passage exhibits a striking instance and rewarding them by medals, cards, &c. could not last ; but it is with the literary of the blending of various images into one, of which the object is to distinguish them taste of a nation, as with the natural taste and thus presenting a picture entirely new. from their fellows, is carried too far. Emu- of an individual ; when it has been pam- Though Anacreon says of Cupid, lation easily becomes envy, and it is obvi- pered with high-seasoned sauces till the
Ρόδα παίς και της Κυθήρης ously better to make the love of doing well appetite is jaded, it craves not nor relishes
Στέφεται καλούς δούλους, , the ruling principle of a boy's activity, rath- substantial food, and can only be restored
Χαρίτισσι συγχορεύων. . er than the love of doing better than by a course of the simplest diet. This
Lo the son of Cytherea another. book therefore seems to have been neces
Hath his locks y crowned with roses, We close this article with stating one sary to the English nation, before it could
While he dances with the Graces; that the whole expenditure of Boston, be prepared either to produce, or to receive and though Fairfax, in his translation of city and county, for 1823, was $197,977.60, and relish such poets as Crabbe and Joan- Tasso, says of the angel Gabriel, of which $48,611.10 were expended for the na Baillie and Wordsworth and Southey ;
He shook his wings with rosy May-dews wet; schools ;-and we will add to this fact, the poets, whose style, simple in artificial orna- and though Milton says of the angel Raphlast paragraphs of this pamphlet, which ment, yet not utterly rejecting it, is the vehi- ael, state strongly, but truly, the effect of this cle of such poetry as would have been
He shook his plumes, that heavenly fragrance liberality.
sufficient, had they only written, to have filled “ Thus we have endeavoured to give a view of raised this age of English poetry to a fair The circuit wide; the means, provided at the public expense, for the comparison with that of Elizabeth. We
yet the imagery of Collins does not appear gratuitous instruction of the children of all classes mention these four poets, because, perfect- the less original; for he has compounded it of the citizens of Boston. They are offered equal. ly distinct as they are, from each other, from all the others, and taking something. ly to all. The poorest inhabitant may have his the style of them all is less ornate than that from each, has produced a new image of teen, at schools, some of which are already equal, of most of their contemporaries, and seems his own. if not superior to any private schools in our coun- more deeply imbued with the colouring of
Every great poet has founded a school ; try; and all of them may be so. an earlier and severer literature.
but as each succeeding copy lost something "Indeed if a child be kept at a Primary School It is not often that we are admitted to of the freshness of the original, at length from four to seven, and then at one of the Gram. the workshop of genius, but we know that the samness began to pall upon the reader's enteen at the Latin and the English Classical school, men of the most exalted powers must have ear, until some youthful aspirant, warned by there is no question but he will go through a more materials to work upon ; we know that the utter failure of his last predecessor, thorough and complete course of instruction, and in writers must form their style both of lan- përceived that he must cast his projected reality enjoy greater advantages than are provided guage and thought upon the models of work in a new mould, and make a hazarat many of the respectable colleges in the Union.” others
. _If the first essays of any of the dous experiment to reform the public
living English poets were to be published, taste. Look at the History of Poetry ;Reliques of Ancient English Poetry; con- I doubt not that we should find among them the names of Homer and Virgil and Tasso
sisting of old Heroic Ballads, Songs, and many imitations of the ballads which Percy long kept alive the hope that successive other pieces of our earlier poets, together has collected ; indeed Scott and Southey generations might be blest with a successwith some few of later date. First Amer- and Byron have published their boyish ion of Epics; but Milton's was the last ican from the fifth London edition. Phil- poems, and among them such imitations Epic,* and he dared to wander so far from adelphia, 1823. 3 vols. 8vo.
are found. These are not however servile the beaten track, that his Hero cannot be MANY critics of the present day, acknowl- imitations, but are evidently the essays of named. Look next at the Romances ;edge that the superiority of Modern Eng- powerful intellects, trying their strength they had their day, but they had become lish poetry over that of the age of Queen in short, low Autterings, and thus imping tiresome in the time of Chaucer, who callAnne, is mainly to be attributed to this their wings for a bolder flight.
ed in the aid of Italian literature, and work. It may seem surprising, that a book It is not by direct imitation of one par- founded a new school having him for its so unpresuming in its appearance, as Per- ticular model that excellence can be at
master. Lydgate and Hawes and Gower cy's Reliques of Ancient
Poetry, should tained; but the course which these poets wore out the style of Chaucer. Allegories have helped to produce so wonderful a rev- pursued was that which has been taken by and Madrigals
were popular from the time olution in the public taste, as has evidently all truly great writers to imbibe the spirit of Spencer and Withers, down to the days occurred since the time of its publication of those who had gone before them, to of Henry More and Waller. Then indeed But the poetry and criticism of that day select the peculiar excellence of each great it was time to stop allegorizing in verse, were at a very low ebb; Pope and Addison master of their art, to melt down and amal- when an elegant scholar like More, and were gone; they had themselves been ser- gamate their several beauties in the alem- one whom a competent judge (Southey) vile imitators, and the still more grovelling bic of their own minds, and, out of all, proherd of their imitators, wrote as if smooth duce one harmonious form of elegance that * We say the last Epic, because we conceive metre and ambitious ornaments alone con- should ever thereafter be exclusively theirs. Voltaire's Henriade to be slumbering with Black, stituted poetry; no matter how trite the As with their style, so with their subjects. more’s Eliza and her brothers (whose numbers and thoughts, if the lines were exactly balanc- They made their minds the storehouses of names are forgotten), Wilkie's Epigoniad, Cum
berland's Calvary, Glover's Leonidas, Hole's Ared, nor how prosaic the subject, if an epi- beautiful images, gathered from all quar: thur, Southey's Joan of Arc, and many more ; thet were crowded into each hemistich. ters—from nature and from books, -aná Tám lpece TRūta tidvarı, xai oxino xorvèy is Whoever has the patience to examine brooded over them till they had analyzed
'Adar. the Magazine poetry of that day, will find them, and combined and remoulded them that the only quality for which the popular into perfect form, and could produce them
All together they perished, and went to the trunk
maker's workshop ;"poetry was then remarkable, was what a to the world, apparently the work of their and because the narrative poenis of the present day critic hạs well expressed in one word- own imaginations, and gleaming in virgin alike disclaim the laws and the name of Epic.
declares to have possessed the feelings of a | Reginald Dalton. By the author of Valerius, ed the corner from the street, some retreating, appoet, could gravely publish, and call by the and Adam Blair. 12mo. 2 vols. parently, and others following; for, though none of name of poetry, a volume of stanzas like This work is altogether inferior to Valerius, and anger in the tones of the voices.
them were moving at speed, there was opposition this, from “ The song of the Soul, contain but it is inferior, as it is produced by a less Say the word, then ; speak it out,' cried one ing a Christiano-Platonicall display of powerful and sustained exertion of the same voice. Say Town, dye, or I'll floor your Life." talents. It does not, like that admirable carcass."
Gown or Town?' roared another; 'speak, or That rabble rout that in this castell won, tale, stir up the spirit with the solemn and
by jingo Is Ireful Ignorance, Unseemly Zeal,
magnificent picture of scenes and charac- Stand back, stand back, I say; halt, you knaves,' Strong Self-conceit, Rotten Religion,
ters and ages, invested with an almost sanc-shouted a third-I am a clergyman."**** Contentious reproach against Michael, If he of Moses' body aught reveal,
tified interest ;—but it is a very pleasant Reginald could no longer be mistaken: He Which their dull senses cannot easily reach ; and interesting novel, which no one could seized the poker, got out upon the balcony, and Love of the carkass, an inept appeal write without the aid of brilliant and varied dropt on the pavement in a twinkling.
Gown or Town? Gown or Town?' T' uncertain papers, a false formal fetch talents, and few can read without pleasure Cowards ! rascals! back, you scoundrels Of feigned sighs ; contempt of poor and sinful if not profit. The hero is a young man, Mr Keith, Mr Keith, here stand beside me, sir.' wretch.' who leaves his father in a country vicarage,
* A violent tussle ensued : one fellow aimed a The name of Waller's mistress (Saccha- goes to Oxford, becomes dissipated, spends blow at the priest's head, which he parried secunrissa) well expresses the cloying feelings, more money than he should, falls into many that attacked Reginald, one got a push in the midriff which the eternal repetition in musical difficulties, and among others, into love; and that made him sick as a doy; the other, after instanzas, of extravagant hyperbole upon after much distress extricates himself by Alicting a sharp cut with his stick, was repaid by a female charms, must produce in the mind good fortune and good conduct, marries his crashing blow that might have shivered the scapula of every reader who has the patience in mistress, and recovers the family estates of a Molineaux. The priest and another fellow, these days to look at what was then writ- which had been iniquitously withheld from getting into close embrace, rolled down together, ten about his father.
town uppermost, in the kennel. Black eyes and
bloody noses were a drug. Reginald broke a Amoret, as sweet and good
This novel is of very equal interest bludgeon; but the poker flew from his grasp in doAs the most delicious food, &c. &c. &c. &c.
throughout, and almost any extracts would ing so. Fists sounded like hammers for a few secDryden is a reverend name ; but though be fair specimens; but the living and mov- onds; and then Town, first retreating for a few Pope contrived to keep the runnings of his ing picture of Oxford entertained us more paces in silence, turned absolute tail, and ran into
the street screaming and bellowing, Town! style sprightly, by mingling it with that of than any other part of the book, and we pre- TOWN! TOWN!"" Boileau; yet from the hands of Darwin the sent to our readers some of its principal
The priest is a little injured in the scufpublic found that the draught was too vafeatures.
fe,Dalton waits upon him home, and there pid; it was become like the milk that “A very prosaic animal must be be, who for the catches a glimpse of the heroine, who is Bloomfield tells of in his “ Farmer's Boy,”
first time traverses that noble and ancient City of
indeed most delightfully conceived and Three times skimmed-skyblue. of the GENIUS Locr; and never was man or youth drawn; she has almost all the delicacy It is needless to pursue the history to our less ambitious of resisting such influences than and innocent purity and fortitude of the own times, seeing that none of the styles questered province, he had never seen any great all her spirit and life.
Born and reared in a wild, se- | Athanasia of Valerius, and much more than since Pope's can be said to be worn out, town of any sort, until he began the journey now though Rogers has made that of Goldsmith just about to be concluded. "Almost at the same
“ A soft female voice said from within, · Who's a little too drawling. Neither do we think hour
of the preceding evening, he had entered Bir- there?"
* It's me, my darling,' answered the old man, and it necessary to trace the similar mutations mingham; and what a contrast was here! No which the poetry of France and Italy has dark, narrow brick lanes, crowded with wagens vin her
hand, appeared in the entrance, and uttered
the a undergone. We believe however from this jostling multitudes--no discordant cries, no sights something anxiously and quickly in a language hasty survey, that we may safely pronounce of tumult, no ring of anvils—every thing wearing which Reginald did not understand. Mein susses it to be a dangerous thing for a young man, the impress of a grave, peaceful stateliness-hoary kind,' he answered," my bonny lassie, it's a mere who is ambitious of becoming a poet, to towers, antique battlements, airy porticos, majestic scart, just a flea-bite—I'm all safe and sound,
thanks to this young gentleman.--Mr. Dalton, alstudy his cotemporaries; he will be temption on either side
lofty poplars and elms ever low me to have the honour of presenting you to ed to admire one more than another; this and anon lifting their heads against the sky, as if my neice, Miss Hesketh. exclusive admiration will lead him to direct from the heart of those magnificent seclusions, 1 ton,
But we shall be better acquainted hereafter,
I trust.' imitation of his favourite; and thus he will wide, spacious, solemn streets-every where a
“ The old man shook Reginald most affectionatebecome the copyist of another's style, in monastic stillness and a Gothic grandeur. Exceptstead of being (according to the first meaning now and then some solitary gowned man pac- ly by the hand, and repeating his request that he ing of the name he seeks) the Maker of his ing slowly in the moonlight, there was not a soul should go instantly home, he entered the house own. But he may fearlessly ponder over
in the High-street; nor, excepting here and there the door was closed—and Reginald stood alone
a lamp twinkling in some high lonely tower," upon the way; The thing had passed in a single the works of his predecessors, for common where some one might, or might not be unspher- instant, yet when the vision withdrew, the boy felt sense will teach him to avoid the reviving ing the spirit of Plato,' was there any thing to show as if that angel-face could never quit his imaginaof an antiquated style. that the venerable buildings which lined it were
tion. So fair, so pensive-yet so sweet and light a
smile-such an air of hovering, timid grace-such Therefore are we glad to see Percy's actually inhabited.”
a clear, soft eye-such raven, silken tresses beneath Reliques republished in this country; the
Dalton is shown to a tavern, and is soon that flowing veil-never had his eye beheld such a simplicity and elegance of many of the induced to leap from the window thereof, creature—it was as if he had had one momentary songs and ballads cannot fail to please, and by an assault on Mr Keith, a Catholic glimpse into some purer, happier, lovlier world
than this." their day of dangerous popularity is gone clergyman, with whom he had become ac
“ He stood for some moments riveted to the spot by.
of the numerous imitations which quainted, and who is quite an important where this beautiful vision had gleamed upon him. followed their first publication, few have personage in the story.
He looked up and saw, as he thought, something survived, and of these, few that we have “The bed-room, to which Betty Chambermaid white at one of the windows—but that too was seen are worth reading except those of conducted our young gentleman, was in a part of the gone ; and, after a little while, he began to walk Lucius Junius Mickle. He was a genuine house very remote from their supper-parlour. It is back slowly into the city. He could not, however,
one of a great number situated along the line of an but pause again for a moment when he reached poet, whose works have been too much neg- open wooden gallery, and its windows look out up the bridge ;-the tall fair tower of Magdalen aplected; but he translated, and he imitated, on a lane branching from the street that gives en-peared so exquisitely beautiful above its circling and he is almost forgotten.
trance to the inn. Reginald, seeing that there was groves—and there was something so soothing to We shall in our next number proceed to still fine moonlight, went to the window to peep out bis imagination (pensive as it was at the moment) examine somewhat more closely, the char- threw up the sash, and was leaning over the balco- him within its fringe of willows. He stood leanacter and uses of the work, whose title we ny, contemplating a noble Gothic irchway on the ing over the parapet, enjoying the solemn loveli have prefixed to this article.
other side of the lane, when severd persons turn- ness of the scene, when, of a sudden, the universal
stillness was disturbed once more by a clamour of night-cap to the alarum of—Town! Town !' Long | plump pet poodle upon the hearth-rug-these were rushing feet and impetuous voices."
and loud the tumult continued in its fearful rage, among the by no means ' curta supellex,' of this more Then follows the story of an Oxford row, and much excellent work was accomplished.'*** mundane chinking shop.'-A gay-looking junior told at some length and with infinite hu
* Reginald, although a nimble and active young fellow and chaplain was caressing the poodle, and
fellow, broad in the chest, narrow mour and vivacity. We can extract only thick in the neck, and lightsome in the region of grand canonicals and a grizzle wig, was seated in a
the pelvis, the Head himself, a rubicund old gentleman in its closing scenes.
the bread-basket, a good leaper, and a runner dignified posture in a superb fauteuil, while a pad“ In short, by this time the High-street of Oxford among ten thousand, was not, as has been formerly ded footstool sustained in advance his gouty left leg.'' exhibited a scene as different from its customary mentioned, a fencer; neither was he a wrestler, nor
A dinner in the college hall is circumsolemnity and silence, as it is possible to imagine. a boxer, nor an expert hand at the baton. These Conceive several hundreds of young men in caps, were accomplishments of which, bis education stantially and somewhat temptingly set or gowns, or both, but all of them, without excep- having, according to Mr Macdonald's taunt, been forth. tion, wearing some part of their academical insig- negleckit,' he had yet received scarcely the slight
“ The external features of an old English monasnia, retreating before a band rather more naboerous whole, though his exertions were neither few nortery are still perceived in our academical hospitia, hargemen-a motley mixture of every thing that, far between, he was, if mauling were sin, fully but, alas! a dinner there is now shorn of much or in the phrase of that classical region, passes under more sinned against than sinning. The last thing its fair proportion, and presents, at the best, but a the generic name of Raff . Several casual disturb- he could charge his memory withal, when he after faint and faded image of the 'glories of eld."
Enough, nevertheless, of the ancient form and ances had occurred in different quarters of the ward endeavoured to arrange its • disjecta fragmentown, a thing quite familiar to the last and all pre- ta,' was the vision of a brawny arm uplifted over circumstance is still preserved, to impress, in no ceding ages, and by no means uncommon even in against him, and the moon shedding her light very trivial measure, the imagination of him who, for those recent days, whatever may be the case now. distinctly upon the red spoke of a coach-wheel, the first time, is partaker in the feast-and it was
The solemn bell, sounding as if of the host of youthful academics, just arrived for with which that arm appeared to be intimately so with our hero.
some great ecclesiastical dignitary were about to the beginning of the term, a considerable number connected."
be consigned to mother earth--the echoing vestihad, as usual, been quartered for this night in the The apartments of a learned and labori- bule-the wide and lofty staircase, lined with servdifferent inns of the city. Some of these, all full of ous Fellow of the College, are contrasted ing-men so old and demure that they might almost wine and mischief, had first rushed out and swell with those of its indolent and luxurious have been mistaken for so many pieces of grotesque ed a mere passing scuffle into something like a substantial row. Herds of town-boys, on the other Head, who had obtained his office by means statuary—the hall itself, with its high lancet win
dows of stained glass, and the brown obscurity of hand, had been rapidly assembled by the magic in- not altogether the most honourable. fluence of their accustomed war-cry. The row
its oaken roof--the yawning chimneys with their once formed into regular shape in the Corn-market, so for perhaps a quarter of an hour, without taking dais—the array of gowned guests--the haughty
* He began writing eagerly, and continued to do blazing logs—the long narrow tables-the elevated battlements; from college to college the madness any further notice of Reginald's presence. The line of seniors seated in stall-like chairs, and sepahad spread and flown. Porters had been knocked boy, meanwhile, full of serious thoughts and high rated by an ascent of steps from the younger indown in one quarter, iron-bound gates forced in hermit round and round, as if he had expected the at one end of the hall, and slowly re-chanted from
resolutions, perused the chamber of the learned mates of the mansion--the Latin grace, chanted another , and the rope-ladder, and the sheet-ladder, inspiration of lore to be breathed from its walls
. the other—the deep silence maintained during the and the headlong leap, had all been put into requi- The room was part of a very ancient building, and repast-the bearded and miired visages frowning sition, with as much eager, frantic, desperate zeal, as if every old monastic tower had been the scene
every thing about it was stamped with antiquity. from every wall-there was something so antique,
The high roof of dark unvarnished oak—the one so venerable, and withal so novel in the scene, that of an unquenchable fire, every dim cloistered quad- tall
, narrow window, sunk deep in the massy wall it was no wonder our youth felt enough of curiosirangle of a yearning earthquake. * A terrible conflict ensued-a conflict, the fury
-the venerable volumes with which the sides of ty, and withal, of a certain sort of awe, to prevent of which might have inspired lightness, vigour, and the apartment were every where clothed—the bare him for once from being able to handle his knife elasticity, even into the paragraphs of a Bentham, carpeting, excepting one small fragment under the wainscot floor, accurately polished, but destitute of and fork quite a la Roxburgher.
“ These feelings, of course, were not partaken or the hexameters of a Southey—had either or table--the want of furniture-for there were just by the rest of the company, least of all, by the both of these eminent persons been there to wit- two chairs
, and a heap of folios had been dislodg- senior and more elevated portion of it. The party ness-better still had they been there to partake in, ed, ere he himself could occupy one of them-the at · The High Table' of ***, was as usual an acthe genial frenzy. It was now that · The Science, chilliness of the place too, for, although the day was tive, and, as it happened on this day, it was by no (to use the language of Thalaba,) · made itself to frosty, there was no fire in the grate-all these, to- means a small one. Red faces grew redder and be felt.' It was now that (in the words of Words; I gether with the worn, emaciated, and pallid coun- redder as the welcome toil proceeded-short fat worth,) “ the power of cudgels was a visible thing.' ienance of the solitary tenant, and the fire of necks were seen swelling in every vein, and ears It was now that many a gown covered, as erst that learned zeal which glowed so bright in his fixed half-hid by luxuriant periwigs could not conceal of the Lady Christabel,
and steadfast, but nevertheless melancholy eye, their voluptuous twinklings; vigorously plied the half a bosom and a side!
impressed Reginald with a mingled feeling of sur- elbows of those whose fronts were out of view; A sight to dream of, not to see.'
prise, of admiration, of reverence, and of pity. * * the ceaseless crash of mastication waked the endIt was now that there was no need for that pathetic “ The apartments of the Head of the Society less echoes of the vaulted space over-head; and apostrophe of another living sonneteer
presented a very different sort of appearance from airy arches around mimicked and magnified every * Away all specious pliancy of mind
those of the recluse and laborious senior fellow of gurgle of every sauce-bottle. The stateliness of In men of low degree !
*** Reginald was conducted, in short, into a the ceremonial, and the profoundness of the generFor it was now that the strong bargeman of Isis, very handsome house, furnished in every part in a al silence all about, gave to what was, after all, no and the strong bachelor of Brazen-noze, rushed style of profuse modern luxury, such as perhaps more than a dinner, something of the dignity of a together like two clouds with thunder laden,' and the edifice to which it belonged, or with the form nity of a sacrifice. A sort of reverend zeal seem
did not quite accord either with the character of festival--I had almost said something of the solemthat the old reproach of Baculo potius,' &c. was forever done away with. It was now that the
and structure of the different apartments themed to be gratified in the clearing of every platter,
selves. proctor, even the portly proctor, showed that he had
After waiting for a considerable time in a and the purple stream of a bumper descended with sat at the feet of other Jacksons besides Cyril;- ) large and lofty room, where chintz curtains and the majesty of a libation. • Forle that came to preach, remained to play.'
Ottomans, elegant paper-hangings, and splendid "In the under-graduates' part of the hall, the
pier-glasses, contrasted strangely enough with a feast was, of course, less magnificent; and among In a word, there was an clegant tussle which last-great Gothic window, of the richest monastic them the use of wine is altogether prohibited--a ed for five minutes, opposite to the side porch of painted glass, a roof of solid stone, carved all over distinction, on this occasion sufficiently galling, All-Souls. There the townsmen gave way; but with flowers, mitres, shields of ams, and heads of considering how incessantly they were passed by being pursued with horrible oaths and blows as far martyrs, and a fire-place, whose form and dimen- the manciple bearing decanters to the superior reas Carfax, they rallied again under the shadow of sions spoke it at least three centuries old-they gion. But the dinner itself was no sooner over that sacred edifice, and received there a welcome were at last admitted into the presence of the pro- than the fellows rose from their chairs, and another reinforcement from the purlieus of the Staffordshire vost. He received them in his library--what a Latin liianksgiving having been duly chanted, decanal, and the ingenuous youth of Penny-farthing different kind of library from that which Reginald scended in solenın procession from their pride of
Once more the tide of war was turned ; had just leit! New and finely bound books, arrang. place, and followed the guidance of the manciple, the gowned phalanx gave back-surly and slow, ed in magnificent cases of glass and mahogany- who, strutting like a Lord Mayor's beadle, marindeed, but still they did give back. On rolled the the Courier, a number of the Quarterly, and a novshalled the line of march to the common room. adverse and sweiling tide with their few plain el of Miss Edgeworth, reposing on a rose-wood Thither no non-graduate eye might follow the instincts and their few plain rules.' At every col- table covered with a small Persian carpet--some of learned phalanx-there, might no profane ear lege gate sounded, as the retreating band passed its Bunbury's caricatures, coloured and in gilt frames catch the echo of their whispered wisdom. venerable precincts, the loud, the shrilly summons -a massive silver standish, without a drop of ink " The moment they were supposed to be beyond 01- Gown! Gown!'-while down cách murky npon its brilliant surface--deep soft chairs in red reach of ear-shot, there arose as loud a gaböle as plebeian alley, the snoring mechanic dofted his morocco-a parrot cage by the window-and a is publicans and sinners ball, by a coup-de-main, 6
aken absolute possession of The Temple-leaping, | light upon their motives, purposes, and Randolphốa Tale. By the author of Logan dancing, shouting in every direction-whistling; characters. Many novels, and pretty good and Seventy Six. 2 vols. 12mo. sparring, wagering, wrestling-a Babel of Babels ?”
ones too, are written as if interesting situa- Errata, or the Works of Will Adams-a tions or incidents must be introduced by an Tale. By the author of Logan, Seventy array
dull ones, and the bright and Sir, and Randolph. 2 vols. 12mo. The Pilot: a Tale of the Sea. By the author of the Pioneers, fc. &c. New York, 1823. stupid chapters alternate with
considerable The first of these books is remarkably fool
regularity. It is, perhaps, no slight proof | ish and impudent. It pretends to be a nov2 vols. 12mo.
of the extraordinary talents of Mr Cow- el, and the various incidents have about as Mr CowPER has one valuable faculty, per, that he has skill enough to lead his much coherence as the thoughts of a mawhich is generally an endowment of the heroes and heroines from circumstances niac. It is absurd, unnatural, impossible; finest intellects, but seems to be sometimes which strongly excite the imagination, into and could not be endured, but that the withheld, when almost every other talent others of equal interest immediately and author has made it the vehicle of much imand power is given ;-the faculty of im- yet naturally.
pertinence about living men and passing provement. Precaution was a poor book ; It has been said of the works of this events, and occasionally scatters through the Spy was a very good one, though not author, as a reproach, that many pages are the dreary expanse of its intolerable folly so good as the Pioneers; and the Pilot we usually occupied in detailing the occurren- some passages of great power and elothink better than either. It was prophesi- ces of a short period. Novel readers may quence, and a few good thoughts well exed in some of our newspapers and literary be displeased with this, because they are pressed. In general, he talks about every journals that this last production would dis- accustomed to find in their favourite works, thing like a madman or an ideot, but someappoint the sanguine and impatient expec- a history of the hero's life and conversa- times utters observations and criticisms, retation raised by its predecessors;—but the tion during his youth at least, if not his markably original and just, and throughout Pilot has appeared, and every pledge, which manhood; but we are not disposed to find the book seems frequently assailed by an the previous works of Mr Cowper had giv- fault with Mr Cowper's fashion of manag- uncomfortable conviction, that he is playen, is fully redeemed.
ing this matter. A novel is something being the fool. The scene is almost always on the ocean, tween a poem and a drama, and is not alto- There exists some question about the and the principal characters are seamen; gether without the jurisdiction of the laws, authorship of Randolph." We do not know, of course a very large and valuable part of which should govern them. Upon the ques- but we confidently believe, that John Neal, the book must lose much of its charm with tion of the unities, we are more persuaded of Baltimore, was guilty of this work. He those who have no acquaintance with sea by Dr Johnson's arguments than by Shaks says, at the end of the second volume, in a terms or sea manners. From this circum- peare's example; that is, while we admit sort of appendix, that he did not write the stance, it may not be universally preferred that good poems and plays have been writ- book, and assumes a very lofty and rather to the Pioneers or the Spy; but we think ten without much observance of the unities threatening air about it. Something more, it richer than either in passages of original of place, time, or action, yet we think any however, than his bare assertion is necessaand true humour, of genuine pathos, and of work of the innagination may be the better for ry to rebut the internal evidence, which just and natural eloquence. The language some regard to them. Of our author's prac-identifies Randolph with other works, acis uniformly good, and suited in its charac- tice in this particular, it will be enough to knowledged by Neal. Besides, no one ter to the occasion, and few books exhibit say, that to the last chapter of the second would have thought the works, person, hismore accurate and felicitous sketching of volume, the story has advanced but very tory, character, and habits of John Neal human character and conduct, or more few days, and the characters scarcely wan-worthy of such repeated and elaborate nographic pictures of the beauty or terrors of der out of sight of the spot where they are tice, but John Neal. We understand he inanimate nature. “ Long Tom” is perfectly first introduced. The last chapter goes on has been much beaten in Baltimore by genoriginal, and is drawn to the life. He is for ten or twenty years, and conducts to tlemen, who felt themselves outraged by one of a class of men who are peculiar, not their last rest, the Pilot and many of his some parts of Randolph ; and an opinion merely to this country, but to a very small subordinates.
has gained ground there, that William B. part of our country; who leave the little We think Mr Cowper fails most in the Walter, of Boston, recently deceased, left island, which cradled them amid the waves, management of the Pilot's historical char- this work among his papers, and that Neal and wander over the ocean, until it is to them acter. If he intends him to be Paul Jones has been only its editor. This may be so, as a home, and dry land becomes a strange indeed (which we infer from the preface but we do not believe Walter, by any effort thing ;-and his person, habits, tastes, and and not from the work itself), more should or discipline, could have enabled himself to thoughts are portrayed with great power have been said of his origin, connexions, reach certain passages of Randolph. We and success. The evolutions on shipboard and early history, that the personal identity happen to know that Neal wrote, as his in storm and danger, and the appearance of of the character might be more obvious. own, in the album of a lady in Portland, the sea, convulsed and foaming under the If this was impracticable, we think it would some poetry which is printed in Randolph, lash of the tempest, are all described with have been better to have omitted all allu- and we have heard him relate, with great the same remarkable skill and effect. sion to this remarkable name.
emphasis, as a circumstance which mortifiThere is a striking difference between There is nothing new in the female char-ed him exceedingly, an incident told, pages this novel, and the other works of the same acters; the soft sweetness of one is con- 256, 7, and 8, vol. 1, as befalling the hero of author in one important particular; the skill | trasted with the fire and vivacity of the the novel; and the initials of the true names which constantly sustains the interest we other, but there is little in either, which are given. feel in the story from the first to the last novel-heroines have not almost worn out. “ Errata” is not so impertinent as “ Ran. page. In the Spy and the Pioneers passa- It is rather a prevailing folly among liv- dolph,” and contains more passages of good ges of great power and beauty are separat-ing writers of note, to be vain of writing wit and humour. As a story, it is about as ed by rather dreary intervals. In the Pilot easily and rapidly; and we are glad to find feeble and incoherent as the other, but may the attention is kept awake and constantly some reason for thinking our author ex. be considered, on the whole, as the most fixed upon the story. Excepting a few too empt from this delusion. The whole work tolerable book which Neal-or the author long conversations, which, occuring at very has the appearance of having benefited some of “Seventy Six”-has written. At the interesting moments, we are too impatient what by careful revision. There is little close of this work also, there is a long apto read very carefully, there is scarcely a indication, in the story or the languege, of pendix about Neal, containing, among other paragraph in either volume that does not the foolish baste and negligence, which things, a denial of his having been thrashhelp forward the story, or bring out into have left much imperfection in the best of ed, and a copy of the card or handbill which stronger relief the scene described, or ex- the lighter works of these days. In this Mr Pinkney posted up in various parts of hibit the persons of the drama so circum- respect the Pilot is better than its predc- Baltimore, and which speaks inost constanced and occupied as to throw a vivid /cessors.
temptuously of Neal. We applaud Mr
Neal for refusing to fight with Mr Pink that of rain. Ocean would have gone up | It embraces all that can be fairly con. ney, but neither his own statement nor Mr in one wave, and rolled the mountains be- densed into the small compass of an elePinkney's character, make it probable that fore it, as a gushing rivulet plays with its mentary treatise, and experience has provhe used all proper means to avoid the al- pebblestones. Moreover, we understand ed that the arrangement and the style are ternative of refusing a challenge or fight-it to be now ascertained, and admitted by uncommonly well adapted to interest the ing a duel.
all geologists, that America offers upon and scholar, and render the science easy of We think Mr Neal a man of unquestion within her surface, far more abundant and attainment. We think this book decidedly able and inexhaustible resources. We decisive proofs of primitive formation, than better than any other school book upon know him personally, and have wondered the other continents.
the same subject, and are disposed to award at his energy and power of achievement. As a systematic view of the action of a | to Mr Wilkins, the fullest measure of comWe always believed him possessed of a central fire in the formation, destruction, mendation; but the nature of his work does moral and intellectual nature, which, with and reproduction of the earth, this New not require nor even permit us to give an due culture and discipline, might have Theory is decidedly inferior to several, analysis of it, with extracts. We have borne most rare and valuable fruits. But which have grown out of the opinions first noticed but one error of any, consequence; it is too late ; it is certain that he cannot be advanced by Hutton.
in No. 114, page 60, of the second edition, now, all he might have been; and his faults
the author gives the reason why the warmand follies, and the ruin, to which they lead, Hints on Extemporaneous Preaching: By are longest, and why the middle of the day
est weather does not occur when the days have been shown him so plainly, with so little good effect, we cannot resist the con
Henry Ware, Jr. Minister of the Second is not the warmest part of it. viction, that either from some inherent de
Church in Boston. Boston. 1824. 18mo.
The atmosphere derives heat chiefly, if not enfect in his disposition or faculties, or from Few pamphlets of such small size and pre- tirely, by reflection from the earth ; so that when the irresistible dominion of confirmed hab- tensions as this, contain as much good sense
the earth is warmest, the atmosphere is warmest,
and when the earth is coolest, the atmosphere is it, he never will be other than what he is and just reasoning, clothed in language at
coolest; but the earth continues to accumulate a man whose talents are various and pow- once so chaste and beautiful. It is certainly heat for some time after the sun's rays are most erful, but perverted and worse than useless. an able and interesting, and ought to be a powerful.” very useful work.
Now a heated substance radiates heat,
Mr Ware states with great force the but no more heat is reflected from the same An Abstract of a New Theory of the For arguments in favour of extemporaneous surface when it is warm, than when it is
mation of the Earth. By Ira Hill, A. M. preaching, but seems perfectly aware of all cool. The truth is, that the atmosphere is Baltimore. 1823. 12mo. 211 pp.
the objections, which are or can be urged not heated principally by reflection from MR Hill supposes, that the eastern conti- against this mode of pulpit address, and the earth, nor by the rays as they come nent was all the land appropriated to the he meets them all candidly but victoriously. through the atmosphere from the sun; use of mankind, until the days of Noah. He does not wish that habits of written that is, neither by the reflected nor by the At that time the central fire urged with composition should be abandoned by minis- incident rays. It is heated almost entirely excessive heat, exploded, and raised the ters of the gospel; on the contrary, he re- by coming in contact with the earth. best part of America above the waves; gards frequent, careful, and laborious writ. There is a constant circulation between the thence the universal deluge. Four hundred ing as the most efficient and most necessa- higher and lower strata of the atmosphere; and fifty-two years afterwards, the lands ry means of creating a power of preaching for, while the earth is growing warmer, the now covered by the Mediterranean sunk, extempore with care, accuracy, and im- air which touches it, thereby receives heat, and caused the flood of Ogyges. One hun-pressiveness. The rules laid down by Mr and being expanded and so rendered lightdred and eighty-eight years after this, New Ware appear to be well calculated to give er, ascends; of course that which is specifHolland came up; many vapours arose, this powerful and therefore important facul-ically heavier descends and is in like manwere driven upon the mountains of Africa, ty. We shall not make extracts from his ner heated. By this constant circulation there condensed into rain, and caused the pamphlet, nor attempt to give a minute ac- the atmosphere is warmed; the heat thus flood of Ethiopia, mentioned in the Chroni- count of his course of reasoning. The ar- received from the earth not being commucle of Axium. Eighty-six years after this guments could not be condensed into brief- nicated from one particle to another, since flood, that part of Africa, which was be- er space than that they now occupy without each one must come in contact with some tween capes Bon and Razat, descended ; doing them an injury.
more solid body, or its temperature will be the waters were repelled and flowed in a We will add that we perfectly agree little raised. The remainder of the paradirect line to Thessaly, deluged that coun- with the reverend author, in thinking that graph quoted, is correct, and by the princitry, and caused the flood of Deucalion; a change in the customs of our preachers ples we have stated explains the phenomand finally, at the crucifixion of our Sa- in this respect is very desirable,--and in enon. We will fully discharge our task of viour, the northeast part of America came resting our preference of extempore preach- faultfinding, by suggesting that the paraforth, and poured a deluge over the remain-ing chiefly upon the truth, beautifully ex- graph, explaining the aberration of light, der of the continent. It will be observed, pressed by Milton.
may not be perfectly intelligible to a young that the author is very particular in his " True eloquence," says Milton, “I find to be reader. dates and localities,—and that he has had none but the serious and hearty love of truth; and We must be indulged in a few remarks the good fortune to ascertain with exact- that whose mind soever is fully possessed with a upon the science, of which this book would ness, facts and periods about which the fervent desire to know good things, and with the teach the elements, however trite the sublearned have hitherto doubted.
dearest charity to infuse the knowledge of them
-or what we have to say upon it, may The merits of this New Theory are not words, like so many nimble and airy servitors, trip seem. They who have little knowledge of very obvious to us, but we are not disposed to about him at command and in well ordered files, astronomy are apt to think it of no practical discuss them at much length. We would sug- as he would wish, fall aptly into their places." importance; little connexion is seen between gest to the author, that there is no direct and
the ordinary duties of life, and a knowledge of distinct evidence of an universal deluge, ex
other worlds and of the relations which exist cept in the Scriptures
, and they do not as- Elements of Astronomy, illustrated with between them and our own. We are not sert more plainly, that a deluge covered the
Plates, for the use of schools and acade- about to declaim against this ignorance and earth, than that the deluge was caused by
mies, with questions. By John H. Wil
stupidity, but would show them, who have forty days' rain. Now if we can imagine
kins, A. M. Second edition. Boston, it yet to learn, that this science is emiAmerica thrown up from the roots of the
nently calculated to effect important pracdeep, surely the multitudinous waters must This work has been before the public long tical uses. have recoiled upon the opposing shores of enough to have its merits attested by very We would not open too wide a field, and the old world in a shape very different from general approbation, and an extensive sale therefore stop not to show how much the