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on elocution are, in many places, too diffuse dissolve.” You will hardly believe this pos- chandelier, the effect of which is excellent. and miscellaneous, and have too little of a sible, and yet it is literally the fact. It The music is likewise very good. The first systematic form to make good class books. requires two or three days’ attendance to tune usually played in British theatres, is With reference to Walker's remarks on drill one's muscles into proper order for the “God save the King," when all rise and inflections, Dr Porter says, “The conviction occasion. Oratory indeed is not the forte uncover. The company is very tolerable, that he (Walker) was treating a difficult of the Scotch. I have heard but few speak- and the pieces, wherever I have been pressubject, led him to the very common mis- ers at the bar, but they were no better than ent, have gone off well; the house is best take of attempting to make bis meaning the professors. lo short, I have not yet attended on Saturday evening, as private plain by prolixity of remark and multi- heard in pulpit, forum, or college chair, a parties on that night must break up at plicity of rules; and, with regard to his single speaker, who would be considered twelve, and of course they are not so comown work, " The view of these elements, above mediocrity on our side of the Atlan- mon as in the preceding part of the week. to which he (Walker) devotes about a hun. tic, and the majority are intolerable. A few days since, B and I visited dred and fifty pages, after he enters on in- They have bere a custom, indecorous in Holyrood, where we saw a series of grim flections, I here attempt to comprise in a the highest degree, tbat of applauding the kings, from Fergus to James the Seventh, short compass. The rest of his work may lecturer by clapping and stamping ; I hardly the greater part of whom never existed anybe read with increased advantage, if the new recollect when my nerves have been more where, except on the walls of the palace, classification which I have given, should be “horrified” than they were by the first or in the noddles of certain addle-headed intelligible.”. To our clerical readers, in specimen of this kind of salutation to a historians. The full length figure of Robertparticular, we would recommend Dr Por- venerable professor. Moreover, as soon as Bruce is a very fine one, and that of Queen ter's tract. They will find that it bases the the hour appointed to each teacher expires, Mary, though somewhat defaced, is the most inflections of elocution on those of conver- the hearers rise without the smallest cere- beautiful picture I have ever seen of her. sation ; that it compresses the phraseology mony, and leave him in the lurch. Once, I do not mean that the painting is remarkof the rules, and thus places the principles indeed, I knew this to happen in the very ably good, but only that it gave me a better of the rules in a much clearer light. midst of a story, of which the lecturer re- idea of the beauty of the original, than I
We regret that the author of this pamph- sumed the thread the following day, as if have been able to get from any other. We let did not add to his analysis of inflections, nothing had happened. To do equal justice, were then shown Mary's apartments, in a simple theory of tones as expressive of however, I believe the same, or similar cus- which, by the way, no genteel domestic of emotion. No department of elocution is, in toms prevail in Philadelphia.
the present day would endure to reside.
can find a whole one, into two, three, or before sunset. He rises and creeps along
them with pews, so narrow, that a seat in casting long shadows across the streets, and
them is little better than one in a Yankee slides down again, leaving us in need of can-
last being rammed in by the driver, who, like however, on the ascent again. I cannot
nature, abhors a vacuum, and, with his shoul. say that this arrangement suits me quite as
der applied to the door, secures the whole well as our own more vertical suns, and am Edinburgh, January 5, 18—,
mass as effectually as the contents of one glad that I am not called on to remain here MY DEAR FRIENDS,
of their own trunks. In much the same the remainder of my days. To make up for The number of students attending manner was I crowded into one of the afore- the present short allowance of daylight, the lectures, during the present session, is said pews, snugly constructed behind an im- they have a superfluity of it at midsummer, about twenty-five hundred, of whom six or mense pillar, which served to conceal the when there is scarcely any darkness. The seven hundred are medical, The lecture preacher, as well as a considerable portion weather is quite mild yet, nor is it ever so rooms are by no means so beautiful as those of the congregation, and was fain to relieve cold here as with us, but the winters are more in our own Medical College, nor do the pro- the tediousness of a great portion of the unpleasant, rainy, and foggy, and the streets fessors generally lecture as well, that is, service by decyphering the inscription on an are shockingly muddy. Indeed, to judge from pot as eloquently, though perhaps more old monumentai plate, which comniemorated our experience hitherto, a Scotch winter is learnedly. Dr Hope, for instance, rants as the assassination of the Regent Murray. certainly a very different matter from a New badly as any understrappiog actor, whom There are a great many Americans here England one. It is fall weather, and that I remember to have heard; and any thing this session, and a considerable portion of is all. There has nothing appeared, as yet, like rant, connected with a performance so them are Yankees. There is no city, if you like snow, and hardly any frost. I do not rigidly didactic in its nature, as a chemical will allow me the parody, but is vexed' by know where Thomson got his description lecture, produces an effect of the most lu. their phizzes. Strangers, bowever, are no of a man perishing in a snow-storm. The dicrous kind. Just conceive of a professor vexation to Auld Reekie, for the gude town inhabitants, however, seem to be agreed, in a black gown, delivering such a sentence is in a great measure supported by visitors that the present season is unusually mild. as this : “ The sea-water is evaporated in of various kinds.
They are generally very careless of themlarge shallow pans,” with arm extended, The theatre in Edinburgh is small, but selves. Every one seems to have a cold, and all the circumstance of a school orator very pretty. It is illuminated by gas-lights, and there is sometimes so much coughing spouting, “ Yea, all which it inherit, shalil arranged in the form of a single superb lin the lecture rooms, that it is difficult to
LETTERS FROM A TRAVELLER.
hear the lecturer. They laugh at me, some had gone half way, it rained, and when I bite present and the indefinite past; and, times, when I go out in the evening muffled reached home, it was again clear. Hap- agreeably to the principle we have prein a plaid cloak, and they are quite welcome pening to remark to a gentleman the other viously stated, these are the only tenses so to do; I have no ambition to make one in day, on the beauty of the preceding even which should be recognised in our gramthe interesting class of consumptives, which ing, he said he was sorry that he could not mars. In some cases, the past participle as abound here, as might be expected. agree with me, as he had been wet to the sumes a form different from the indefinite
I see, occasionally, in my walks, the robin- skin. It appeared, on investigation, that I past tense, as take, took, taken; but the parti: red-breast, so famous in nursery ballads. It had been abroad at a quarter before ten, ciple does not express apy tense of the verb is a pretty, sociable little bird, and I feel a and he a quarter after. You may smile at different from the form of the indefinite past. great respect for it, on account of that affair this account of the weather, but I assure We call both the present tense and the of the Babes in the Wood. It is very like you, it is far enough from being matter of past indefinite, because they do not deinite a wren, or small sparrow, having the neck sport to me. If it were always stormy, one ly determine the time of the action. What and breast brownish red, and quite different might be always provided, and the reverse; we bave denominated the indefinite present, from either of the birds which go by the as it is, I make out but badly. The natives is no more por less than the simple form of name of robin in New England. As winter seem to think calculations about the state the verb, which expresses being, action, or approaches, it becomes very tame. of the atmosphere quite out of the question. passion without denoting any thing of time.
It is a custom in this city, on the eve of They appear to dress always in the same it therefore applies to all times, without the new year, for the lower class of people way, and to take the changes as they come, designating any time. We shall not conto run about the streets, as soon as the clock with laudable composure.
tend for the correctness of the name bere strikes twelve, with the most extravagant I have lately visited, with B, the applied to it; but we are confident in asdemonstrations of joy, wishing every one a Botanic Garden, which is situated between serting, that it is indefinite, and that the happy new year, shaking hands with all the Edinburgh and Leith. It is a very good common definition, which makes it denote men, and kissing all the females, which one, and the plants are well arranged. what is now passing, is quite incorrect. ceremony, every one, whether gentle or Even at this season, the holly-hedges, and This will be sufficiently proved by a very simple, is obliged to submit to, who happens many of the shrubs are quite green, and few examples. The sun rises and sets every to be abroad, even ladies in their carriages, some small plants, as the snow-drop and day in the year. He lives virtuously. When if the mob choose it; though, of course, no others, in flower. In the green-house were you retire from the labour and bustle of the female ventures out, without urgent neces- many curiosities, of which it is unnecessary day, think of One who is always mindful of sity, if she has any objection to the process. to give any particular account. A red-breast you. In these examples, and thousands of B- and I sallied out about one, when had here taken up his abode, enjoying the others, it is obvious, that this form of the the uproar was at the highest; our hands genial temperature, and twittering and hop- verb has no particular reference to present were nearly shaken from our bodies, but, ping about with greatglee, amid palms, aloes, time; and, generally, when the simple form fortunately, we were assailed by none but and bananas. We were much pleased at the of the verb is not marked by any peculiar those of our own sex, in which we had bet- sight of a large pitch-pine, such as those emphasis, it has no reference to time. When ter luck than H, a former comrade of that abound in the woods of Massachusetts, we place the simple form of the verb in opmine in the medical staff of that renowned standing alone in the garden; we recog-position to the past, it receives the peculiar body, the Massachusetts militia. One of nized him as a countryınan, and felt proud emphasis to which we allude ; but even in the fair sex seized him, and insisted upon to remark how majestic and noble he looked, these instances, the tense is more commonly his kissing her, which he was obliged to do though far from his native soil.
denoted by other words. as a refusal would have been not only un- Among the phrases in frequent use in this In like manner, the past time does not gallant, but somewhat dangerous.
city, none is more troublesome to us Yan- define the time of the action, but merely I have several times mentioned the varia- kees than the word “clever." It means denotes it to be past. When accompanied ble nature of Scottish weather. This is more bere smartness and intelligence, while, with with auxiliaries, it is made to express the remarkable, perhaps, in Edinburgh than us, it may be, and indeed commonly.is, apo time of the action with any degree of preelsewhere. The following are instances of plied to persons of moderate abilities. Here cision that is required; these auxiliaries this: A few days since, the morning, at eight it is high praise, but at home, it is at best make no part of the verb, and they more o'clock, threatened a storm, or rather it was but a nugatory denomination, and an old frequently consist of what are termed adsomething between clear and stormy, and acquaintance of mine used to assert, that verbs and nouns, than of verbs. It is often somewhat cold, with a high wind. Nine his father was once prosecuted for slander, necessary to use a great number of them, o'clock gave some intimation of fair weath- because he had called one of his neighbours in order to mark the time with exactness; er; at ten the clouds began to break away, a clever kind of a man.
as, I dined at half past two on the twentyand the sup seemed on the point of appear. I hear little of home; D's engage- second day of last February. If we admit ing; at eleven, twelve, and one, it rained ment was the latest piece of informa- the use of auxiliaries in forming tenses, all torrents, blew a hurricane, and was as dark tion. This did not surprise me much; for, the words in the above sentence are of this as black clouds could make it; so that one as old Burton saith, "bow should it be class, except the first two; and it might could hardly see to read; attwoit began again otherwise ? The opportunity of time and be that all the words in a volume, with the to be clear, and at three we had a lovely, place, with their circumstances, are so for- exception of one term, would be auxiliaries. mild afternoon, with bright sunshine, alınost cible motives, that it is unpossible almost They would not be auxiliary verbs, but they unclouded sky, and scarcely any wind; at for young folks, equal in years, to live to- are used not the less to aid in forming and half past three, rain again; at four, clear, gether, and not be in love; especially where fixing the tense of the verb. If we admit with a prospect of a fine evening; at five, they are idle, in summo gradu, fare well, tenses of sense as well as of form, we shall thick, dark, misty, and cloudy; at six, beau- live at ease, and cannot tell otherwise how therefore have as many as there are diftiful moonlightwith a few fleecy clouds; to spend their time.” But, however this ferent times expressed by combinations of from seven to ten, cloudy and dark; at may be, I trust you will all, time and place words. We can imagine no reason for limeleven, moonlight again, and clear; and half fitting, follow. so good an example, and, as iting the number to six or even six millions, an hour after, as dismal a night as one would old Edie says, “ that I'll live to see it.” if we exceed the two which are expressed wish to witness. The other evening, being Farewell.
by different forms of the verb. Why should at B's, without an umbrella, I felt some
we make the English language conform in alarm at hearing the rain pattering against
this respect to the Latin, rather than to the the windows. I remained a short time
Greek? We can express, with the aid of longer, and the scene was changed to a
other parts of speech, and sometimes with fine moonlight evening. My walk home There are only two tenses expressed by the aid only of verbs, many more tenses occupied about twenty minutes; before Il distinct forms of English verbs, the indefi- I than are given in the grammars of other
ON THE COMMON SYSTEMS OF ENGLISH
languages; and why shoald we not give and define the exact meaning and use of The funeral train has long past on, them as high a rank as the four mixed every word. We advise such instructers to
And time wiped dry the father's tear! tenses which we now adopt? The Arauca- learn first to define every word in the situa
Farewell.-lost matden!--there is one nian, a language more regular in its forma- tion in which stands, and to parse it first by
That mourns thee yet, and he is here.
H. W. L. tion, and more copious than almost any itself; let the scholar be taught to do the other, has nine tenses formed by established same; and then we care not how many variations of the verb itself. We can trans- combinations and groups are formed, nor
THE RESTORATION OF ISRAEL late all these into English, as easily as we whether any thing more is done than to Mountains of Israel! rear on high can translate the Latin tenses; but this decide to what part of speech a whole book Your suinmits crowned with verdure new, furnishes no reason for making nine English belongs.
W. And spread your branches to the sky, tenses, while our verbs cannot express them
Refulgent with celestial dew.
O'er Jordan's stream of gentle flow; by regular variations of their form.
And Judah's peaceful vallies smile, All our grammarians contend that the
And far reflect the lovely glów first and great division of tenses is into pres
Where ocean's waves incessant toil. ent, past, and future; but they go on the false principle of making metaphysical tenses, or
See where the scattered tribes return; tenses of sense, instead of verbal tenses, or O thou, whose awful wings unfurled
Their slavery is burst at length, those formed by variations of the verb it- Across the waste of darkness brood,
And purer flames to Jesus burn,
And Zion girds on her new strength: self. If this general division be adopted,
And sweep along the subject world while auxiliaries are required to express the
With desolating progress rude!
New cities bloom along the plain,
New temples to Jehovah rise, future tense, authority is certainly given for So swiftly down the stream of years,
The kindling voice of praise again forming an infinite nuinber of tenses as sub- Dark in thy course as death and night,
Pours its sweet anthems to the skies. divisions. We are aware that we shall be And heedless of thy victini's tears.
The fruitful fields again are blest, considered as inordinately heretical in re
Sweep on,--sweep on! thine awful course
And yellow harvests smile around; jecting the future tense; but we will ac
Soon, soon shall end in fearful gloom,
Sweet scenes of heavenly joy and rest, knowledge our error, when it shall be
And thy last echoes wild and hoarse
Where peace and innocence are found ! shown, that English verbs have any form Be heard o'er nature's fipal tomb!
The bloody sacrifice no more for denoting future time. The considera- Then must thou curb thy daring wing,
Shall smoke upon the altars high,-tion, that the cominon division of time is
And furl thy pinions in dismay;
But ardent hearts, from hill to shore
Send grateful incense to the sky! into present, past, and future, has satisfied
The dirge, that tells thy fading day. grammarians, that our verbs must mark this
The jubilee of man is near, division ; but they might with equal pro- Child of eternity! once more
When earth, as heaven, shall own His reiga; priety have decided, that our verbs have Shalt thou take refuge in its breast,
He comes, to wipe the mourner's tear, 25567) tenses, because that is the number And on that undistinguished shore
And cleanse the heart from sin and pain. of days in a man's life, who lives three score
Thy glories and thy power shall rest!
Praise him, ye tribes of Israel! praise Lost in the wild and boundless sea
The king that ransomed you from wo: and ten years. If we are to estimate the
That ne'er may feel or tide or how,
Nations! the hymn of triumph raise, number of tenses by the number of imagin- What hope shall then remain to thee
And bid the song of rapture flow!
Secure from thee and all thy powers
Throughout His boundless, endless reiga;
Since our previous notices of this noble
E'er hell shall ope her central gloom, be of the same or of different names, and
man, Mr Hobhouse has published a pamphlet
A long eternity of pain ! parsing every word by itself. If the scholar
in contradiction to many circumstances in understand the meaning of his sentence, he
Capt. Medwin's book, and in a “Narrative will always know whether the time de
of Lord Byron's Voyage to Sicily, Corsica, soribed or implied be present, past, or fu- DIRGE OVER A NAMELESS GRAVÉ. and Sardinia, in 1821, in the Mazeppa.” It ture, and will generally have occasion to By yon still river, where the wave
is melancholy to observe how little faith mark it with even greater precision; but Is winding slow at evening's close, can be put in any thing published to gratify let him not be taxed with the vain effort to
The beech, upon a nameless grave,
public curiosity. Mr Shelley, who is redetermine the time by the conjugation of
Its sadly-moving shadow throws.
ported to have been converted in a storm the verb. The simple form of the verb or O'er the fair woods the sun looks down at sea, on board Lord Byron's yacht, “the indefinite present, is to be distinguished Upon the many-twinkling leaves,
Mazeppa,” is proved never to have been at from the declension or indefinite past; and
And twiligh's mellow shades are brown,
sea with Lord Byron in his life; Lord the present and past participles are to be
Where darkly the green turf upheaves.
Byron never to have had a yacht called distinguished in the same manner. What
The river glides in silence there,
" the Mazeppa"-and, moreover, no yacht is called the compound perfect participle, And hardly waves the sapling tree : whatever at the time mentioned. and all the compounded tenses and parti
Sweet flowers are springing, and the air Capt. Medwin makes Lord Byron say, ciples should be entirely rejected.
Is full of balm,-but where is she!
“I have been concerned in many duels as In closing these remarks, we will antici
They bade her wed a son of pride,
second; but only two as principal; one was pate one objection which will be felt by And leave the hopes she cherished long : with Hobhouse, before I became intiinate many teachers, even if they do not choose She loved but one,--and would not hide with himn.” Mr Hobhouse declares he nev
A love which knew no wrong. to express it. In order to parse in the man
er fought a duel with Lord Byron; and ner we have recommended, every term must
And months went sadly on,-and years :
not only that, but that Lord Byron never be well understood, and this will require a
And she was wasting day by day:
fought a duel with any body. The above measure of knowledge rarely possessed. To At length she died,--and many tears
may serve as specimens of flat contradiccast several words into a group, and give
Were shed, that she should pass away. tion. them a name which will denote only the
The story told by Lord Byron to Capt. use which they serve collectively, is the
Then came a gray old man, and knelt
Medwin, concerning the duel between constant resort of those who are too igno
And others mourned for him, who felt
Capt. Stackpoole and a Lieutenant, bas also rant or too lazy to analyze the sentence That he had sealed a daughter's doom. been publicly contradicted by some friend
NEWSPAPERS IN GREAT BRITAIN.
of the former, and its misstatements ex-y we come to add to the list of London pao j quite applicable to the purposes of warfare. posed.
pers, those which are printed in the coun-It is asserted that a thirty-six pounder, with
try, and in Ireland and Scotland, we shall all its apparatus, steam boiler, generator, LORD BYRON'S SPEECHES.
find the account still more enormous. The &c., may be drawn about a field of battle, The parliamentary speeches of Lord By- number of these may be taken broadly at by four or five horses, and discharged with ron have been printed from copies prepar- two hundred and thirty-five, most of which fifty times the rapidity of an ordinary caned by his Lordship for publication. They appear once a week, a few daily, and some nod. The Greek Committee, it is stated, are only three. The first delivered 27th twice or thrice a week. Sometimes there were very anxious to obtain a few of Mr February, 1812, on the “ Frame-work bill,” are two hundred and forty provincial pa. Perkin's steam-cannons, for the purpose of which he characterized as “ fit only to be pers, at others two hundred and thirty; enabling the Greeks to hasten the surrencarried into effect by a jury of butchers we take the average, therefore, at two hun. der of Patras and the other fortresses in with a Judge Jeffreys to direct them;" the dred and thirty-five; but from the increas- Greece which are held by the Turks; but next, April 21, of the same year, on the ing intellectual wants of the people, we it is said they were prevented from obtainEarl of Donoughmore's motion on the may safely expect that the number will ing them by a treaty between Mr Perkins Catholic claims; and the other on present- soon be two hundred and fifty. Each of and our ministry, for the exclusive right to ing Major Cartwright's petition for parlia. these papers has an editor or publisher, these tremendous engines of destruction.
and from three to six men and boys as com- It is said that Lord Gambier has reported mentary reform.
positors and pressmen. The weekly amount most favourably of them to government, of salaries paid, upon these establishments, and that they will speedily be adopted !!!"
must be about 18001., or 92,000l. annually ; If we make due allowance for the few Hugh Campbell, LL. D. &c., the illustra. and the other expenses of the establish- little words we have italicised in the above tor of Ossian's Poems, is about publishing ments may be about 1000l. weekly or notice, it will not seem very strange, if in the Love Letters of Mary, Queen of Scots, 52,0001. annually, all of course exclusive of the end, the virtues of this celebrated ento James, Earl of Bothwell; with her love
stamps and paper. sonnets and marriage contracts (being the circulation of the newspapers. The daily report.
We now come to the gine should be found to exist principally in long missing originals from the gilt casket); morning and evening papers, with those forming a complete history of the origin of published twice or three times in the week, the Scottish Queen's woes and trials before amount to at least 40,000 daily, or 240,000
NOTICE. Queen Elizabeth.
weekly, and the Sunday papers to between THE UNITED STATES LITERARY 50 and 60,000, making, altogether, about
GAZETTE, 300,000 weekly. Many of the country news- beginning with the Second Volume, will be It is not an extreme calculation to state papers publish two or three thousand copies, published in a new form. The proprietors that there are, upon the eight morning pa. but others not more than four or five hun will spare no expense and the editors no pers, and the six evening papers published dred. Considering, however, that several ap- exertions to make the work deserve a conin London, at least one hundred and twenty pear more than once a week, we do not probliterary gentlemen, receiving weekly sala-ably exaggerate, if we say that they throw tinuance of the generous public patronage ries to the amount of 600l. exclusive of off weekly 200,000 copies, making, altogeth- it has already received. those who are paid for their communica- er, 500,000 copies. Of this number, of tions. If to the daily papers we add about course, some thousands go abroad, but they TO CORRESPONDENTS. forty Sunday papers, and papers published amount to but little compared with the twice or thrice during the week, we shall gross circulation. Five hundred thousand
-E is informed that his poem, called "The
Sisters" has not been received by the editor. make a weekly sum total, for literary ser- copies require one thousand reams of paper, vices upon the establishments, exclusive of which, on an average of 358. per ream,
Has HENRY forgotten his promises ? what is paid for in another way, of about would make 1750l. weekly, or 91,000l. per 1000l. ; and if we add, to this amount, the annum. Thus we have expended by the sums paid by the whole of them, to printers, London press annually,
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS publishers, and others, in the way of regu- Exclusive of stamps and lar salary, we shall have an increase of
paper, . . 15001., making a weekly sum of 25001., By the provincial press do. 93,600.. By Cummings, Hilliard, & Co.-Boston. or 130,0001. per annum, paid by the Lon- Paper :
91,0001. don newspaper press, in salaries only: 500,000 stamps
Outlines of the Principal Events in the
336,6667 138. 4d. and to this we may add, at least 1,2001.
Life of General Lafayette. From the North Ameri
can Review. weekly, or 62,400l. per annum, for the re
721,266l. 138. 4d. Dalzel's Collectanea Græca Majora maining expenses, exclusive of stamps and paper, making altogether nearly 200,0001. sive of advertisements, expended by the
We have here more than 700,0001. exclu- Stereotype edition.
Triumphs of Liberty;, the Prize Ode, per annum. With respect to the number of persons employed upon the London news, newspaper press, annually, of which about recited by Mr Finn, at the Boston Theatre, on the
360,0001. go to the government for stamps 1825. By Ebenezer Bailey. papers, directly and indirectly, taking in and the excise duty on paper.
anniversary of Washington's Birth-day, Feb. 22, editors, reporters, publishers, printers, press
Revised Testament. The New Testamen, and others, deriving from them their
ment of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ; in HEBREW MANUSCRIPT.
which the Text of the Common Version is divided subsistence, we are quite able to state it, at the very lowest, at fifteen hundred, many
The biblical world is at present occupied tered, and some words not in the original expunged.
into paragraphs, the punctuation in many cases alof whom derive emoluments which enable in the investigation of a Hebrew roli of them to live as gentlemen, whilst none are great antiquity, found in a vessel captured without a handsome competence ; for it is a by the Greeks, which roll has recently By T. P. & J. S. FowlewBoston. fact, that, in no employment are persons paid been brought to England. The enormous American First Class Book. By John more liberally than upon newspapers. The sum of twelve hundred and fifty pounds has Pierpont, author of " Airs of Palestine," &c. Sercompositors have, upon morning papers, been asked for this relic; balf that amonnt enth edition from a new set of stereotype plates.
The Rational Guide to Reading and Oreach 21. 88. weekly, and upon evening pa- is said to have been offered for it by an
thography. By William B. Fowle. pers, 21. 38. 6d.; and the pressmen are paid eminent Hebrew capitalist.
Chambaud's French Fables, new edition. equally well, although their labour has been much diminished by the introduction of
PERKIN'S STEAM GUN.
Practical Geography, as taught in the
Monitorial School, Boston. Part First. By Wipriating machines instead of presses. When “ Mr Perkin's steam gun is said to be liam B. Eowle.
THE UNITED STATES LITERARY GAZETTE.
Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. No. 1 Cornhill, Boston.-Terms, $5 per anmum, payable in July.
the coast, are either inconsiderable in the volume roll in vain for us. We can neither plough,
of their waters, or too rapid and rocky to be navi- nor sow, por make baskets, nor throw the The publication of No. 3 was so much gable far from their mouths. The river Magdalena, Lazo,—and, therefore, however agreeable, delayed by unexpected impediments, that it however, which descends longitudinally above 700
miles through the valleys of the Andes, is navigable useful, and even necessary we may be to our was thought best to date it May 15th, instead to the Port of Honda, 550 miles from its entrance loving countrymen, the time is not come of May 1st. There is, therefore, no num- into the Atlantic. The Cauca, which descends when our labours can be appreciated and ber bearing this last date, and, to complete through the province of Antioquia and the Atracto remunerated in Colombia. “ The learned the twenty-four numbers of the first volume, whose banks, as well as those of the Magdalena, professions,” says Colonel Hall, and surely within the year, two numbers are published, are covered by the luxuriant forests which distin- our profession is one that ought to be learn
guish the rivers of the plains, and indicate a soil of ed, " are clearly out of the question.” Now both dated the 15th of March, 1825. unlimited fertility; but the climate is burning, and if these Colombians, whom we cannot look
EDITOR. the life of man is not only rendered precarious by upon, if the Colonel is correct, in any other
disease, but his daily comfort is destroyed by swarms light, than that of barbarians, are willing to
of insects and venomous reptiles. REVIEWS.
The second, or mountainous zone, presents a very die, “ as poor Mr Hadoway used to say, withdifferent scene. At the height of 4,000 feet above out the advice of the three learned facul
the level of the sea, the climate becomes mild, ties," what chance can there be for reviewColombia: Its present State, in respect of vegetation continues uninterrupted through the ers. Actum est with regard to the whole
Climate, Soil, Productions, Population, year, leguminous plants, wheat, and other produc- tribe, whether they be quarterly, or monthly, Government, Commerce,
Revenue, Manu wions of temperate regions are abundant, and of the semi-monthly, and miscellaneous, like onr factures, Arts, Literature, Manners, Edu- best quality; venomous insects and serpents are cation, and Inducements to Emigration. edges the grateful salubrity of a temperature fitted kindred of the folio family. We trust our
rarely met with; and the human frame acknowl- own quarto, or weekly and daily, like our With Itineraries, partly from Spanish alike for enjoyment and labour.
readers will excuse this digression, whichi Surveys, partly from Actual Observation.
Our first idea, on perusing the account so little in keeping with the usual sedateness By Colonel Francis Hall, Hydrographer of this last portion, was to prepare for im- of our habits, in consideration of the circumin the service of Colombia, Author of mediate migration, especially when we cast stances; we are not stocks and stones, and “Letters from France," and of " A Tour our eyes abroad, and considered the mixture must be allowed to curvet a little now and in British North America, and the United of snow, rain, and mud, the half winter and then, and spuff the breezes of a fairer clime, States.” Philadelphia. 1825. 12mo. pp. half spring, which it is our lot to enjoy for provided we in general jog on with a quiet 131.
nearly one third of the year, in this our pa- and steady pace, and diligently and faithThe territory of the republic of Colombia tive New England, where six or eight fully tread out, for the good of the public, is considerably more extensive than that of weeks, out of the fifty-two, of unexception the two grains of wheat, which so many authe United States, extending from the mouth able weather, is all that we can expect, and thors are pleased to bury in two bushels of of the Oronoco to the Pacific Ocean, and to balance which, we must broil in July, and chaff. But to return to Colombia. from the Gulf of Mexico to the Maranon. be stewed in August; be hung with icicles in
The climate continues mild and agreeable to the It is the Eldorado of the sixteenth century, December, and thawed out in January; have height of 9,000 feet, when it becomes cold; the sky and, if we may place confidence in Colonel our pores hermetically sealed in February, is usually cloudy, and vegetation slow in growth Hall's description, has no small claim to that and drilled out again, as it were, by the and stunted in appearance. At the height of 15,700 appellation, so far as its natural qualifica- searching blasts of March. We' fancied feet it ceases altogether: no living creature passes tions are concerned, at the present day. It ourselves for a moment in that happy land, this dreary limit, where sterile sands, naked rocks, enjoys every variety of climate, and is capa- afar from the thousand torments, that beset rupted solitude. From the level of the sea to the ble of affording almost every production of the housekeepers of this realm, in the shape height of 4,800 feet, the thermometer of Fahrenheit the known world.
of fire-places, grates, stoves, and ines, at one varies from 770 to 115°, from thence to 8,000, it The great differences of climate are oc- season, or in thatof blinds, verandas, summer- varies from 500 to 77o. casioned by the Cordilleras of the Andes, houses, or refrigerators at another. There
The third zone comprehends the immense tract which traverse the province in various no sudden south-wind plunges the pedestrian eastward, from the base of the Andes to the neigh
of level country which spreads itself southward and directions, listing their heads, crowned with mid-leg deep in saow-water, where he but bourhood of the river Amazon, and the mountains eternal spows, under the very equinoctial. yesterday shivered through an icy drift – which border on the Oronoco. These prodigious The province is, in fact, divided “into three and no chilling eastern breeze condenses savannahs are watered by the numerous streams zones, characterized by their respective on his thin garments, the moisture which the which form the Meta, the Apure, and finally the soils, climates, and productions." glowing sup of a summer morning has sucked Orinoco;
the periodical overflowings of which conThe first of these is the tract of conntry included up to load it; we enjoyed io imagination the year, into an immense lake or inland sea, on which betwixt the Cordillera and the Atlantic and Pacific servours of the eternal summer of the tropics, the villages and hatos, or cattle farms, raised upon oceans. The climate here is invariably hot, almost diluted, if we may be allowed the express- small banks and elevations, appear as so many islets. always unhealthy; the soil luxuriantly abundant, ion, by the effects of an elevation of four When the floods retire, the whole plain is covered wherever, it is sufficiently irrigated by rivers of thousand feet. Alas! it was but an imagin- with luxuriant pasture; on which herds of cattle ihese are deficient, as is s«metimes the case from ation, and a brief one. The cruel fates have were raised, previous to the war, in numbers almost
defying calculation. Nor are these plains less rich the peculiar situation of the mountains, which ren- bound us to these ungenial climes. There in agricultural advantages. The banks of the rivers der ihe falls of rain locally precarious; while the are few readers in Colombia, and these our are covered with primeval forests of the most prerivers, for want of supplies, dry up or lose
them- periodical strictures would probably be of cious kinds of woods for dyes, furniture, and buildselves in sandy deserts. Thus the province of Coro fered in vain to the public of those favoured ings, and exhibit, when
cleared, a soil capable of other parts of the coast are exposed to similar regions. That public, unfortunately for
us, indigo, tobacco, and generally every species of trodroughts, though in a less degree. The rivers which is not a reading one, and the sands that roll
, pical produce. All the energy of nawre, in the prodescend from the mountains, at a sbort distance from mingled with gold, into Rip Hacha, would I duction both of animal and vegetable life, is here