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We must stop here, pressed both by time , lished variations of the verbs of that lan., tion. Every auxiliary does it in the same space. It is with feelings of regret that we guage.
degree. Some of them require the omission have thus performed our duty to the public Our grammars inform us, that “ Mood is of the particle to, but it is still understood in exposing the waste of time, paper, and a particular form of the verb, showing the or implied in the sense of the verb, whether printers' ink, consumed in these works. It manner in which the being, action, or pas- expressed or not. is with feelings the reverse of aught un- sion is represented.” Mr Murray attempts Now it is certain that the above exam. friendly, that we beseech Mr Fairfield to to explain the nature of a mood, by saying, ples and a great number of others, do not write no more verses. Can it be probable, that “it consists in the change which the come under the definition of any of the five that he will ever gain fame by it, and is it verb undergoes, to signify the various in. moods; and yet they are as distinct in their not squandering what little talent he may tentions of the mind, and various modifica- character as important in their signification, possess in a pursuit worse than vain? If tions and circumstances of action.” and of as frequent occurrence, as those which there be any thing that he can do of use to
A moment's consideration will show any are included under the common edumeration himself and society, let him turn himself to grammarian, that English verbs are not va- of moods. If the reader will pursue this inthat ere it be too late ; a poet, we may sure- ried to express these varieties of intention quiry, he will find that the five moods defined ly say, without exposing ourselves to a and action. The verbs of many other lan- in our grammars, do not express half of the charge of presumptuous prophecy, he will guages are varied. but in English, they ad- “ various intentions of the mind,” and he never be, until his intellectual nature be mit of scarcely any change. To save the cannot fail of remarking, that the verb wholly changed.
trouble of proving this, we request those undergoes little or no change in expressing who are interested in the inquiry, to go any of them.
through the conjugation of a regular verb, In the next place, we say, that modes of ERRORS OF THE PRESS.
and to mark all the changes which it admits. aclion are not denoted by the five moods of
In naming the second person singular, we the verb. I walk, walk, I may walk, if I In the first column of the article upon recommend that the familiar style be sub- walk, to walk, express no modes of the acBuchanan's Sketches of the North American stituted for the solemn, or Quaker style. tion of walking. This is so plainly a matter Indians, in our last number but one, the word The only variation which has any claim to of fact, that every grammarian must see it.
be called a mood, is in the termination of The “modifications and circumstances of ac“Miltiades” is printed for “ Mithridates.” the third person singular of the indicative tion” are commonly expressed by adverbs
, We may mention, as an amusing coincidence, present; where we say, he loveth or loves, or by nouns and prepositions: as I walk that precisely the same mistake occurs on
instead of love. Let the abettors of the fast, I walk with rapidity; he speaks fluent
present system make the most of this soli- |ly, he speaks with energy; he lives in a very the 66th page of the American edition of tary variation; it will furnish them but an unhappy situation. Medwin's Conversations of Lord Byron. incompetent and ludicrous reason for all Our last assertion was, that the changes In that instance, Byron is supposed to be their display of the conjugation of the verb and modifications of being, intention, and
through five moods. speaking of the individuals, and converts
action, supposed to be expressed by either
If it were true that the five moods, as of the five moods, as formed by the common the Athenian commander into the Pontic formed with the help of auxiliaries, express auxiliaries, are frequently expressed by the monarch, by the same error, which, in our all " the various intentions of the mind,” other moods with equal precision. We might review, miscalls Professor Adelung's great cumstances of action;" or if they expressed noted by other forms of expression, which
and all “ the various modifications and cir- add, that they are still more frequently dework.
nearly all these circumstances of intention do not come under the definition of either of We would also notice the omission of the and action, leaving only trifling exceptions; the moods.
we should then admit that they ought to be Take, for example, the following senproper signature, “j,” to “The Gladiator,” retained in treatises on philosophical gram- tence. I think that I shall walk. ïhis is in the same number.
mar. But the more we seek for any ground in the indicative mood; but it is equally in the philosophy of language for this divi- well expressed by the infinitive, I expect
sion into moods, the more apparent it will to walk, or I purpose to walk, or I intend MISCELLANY.
be, that no such ground exists. If the reader to walk. So the imperative, walk, is exwill be patient enough to follow us in the in- pressed by the indicative, you shall walk;
quiry, we shall endeavour to show that very by the infinitive, I command you to walk ; ON THE COMMON SYSTEMS OF ENGLISH
few of the common modes of intention and and by the potential, you must walk in
action are definitely expressed by what are stantly. These examples might be multiNo. IV.
termed the five moods of verbs; and that plied indefinitely. In like manner, I can
those modes of intention and action which walk signifies no more nor less than, I have Iv a previous number, we promised to either of the several inoods of verbs is sup- the ability to walk ; the verb is the same in resume the subject of moods and tenses. It posed to denote, are very frequently ex. both cases; and can it be pretended, that was our intention to offer some criticisms pressed by the other moods with equal pre- the use of different auxiliaries changes the on the systems advanced in our grammars, cision. In the first place, let us inquire, mood, while the sense and form of the verb encyclopædias, and philosophical treatises; whether the various intentions of the mind remain the same? If so, what is the means but a critical examination of them, which are designated by the several moods of verbs. ing of mood ? we made some time ago, afforded so little Take, for example, the verb walk. By which We do not see that any thing needs to useful information, and so few principles of the moods are the following dispositions be added against the common division and which we could esteem as correct, that our of the mind expressed ? I desire to walk; I definition of English moods; for, if we misJabour of reading was followed by a degree expect to walk ; I am afraid to walk ; I think take not, we have analyzed them fairly, of disgust which we know not how to over- of walking ; I hope to walk. These are par- and shown, that English verbs have no come, and we feel incapable of repeating ticular affections, dispositions, and intentions moods in form, that is, by variations of the the drudgery with any advantage to our of the mind, in relation to the action, signi- verh, and that the ideas and intentions which selves or others. The most, therefore, that fied by the term walk; and they are dis- verbs express, have an almost infinite num. we shall attempt, will be to illustrate and tinctly expressed by the aid of auxiliaries. ber of modes, which are not comprehended apply the principle which we formerly In the first example, for instance, the verb under the definition of any of the five moods. stated,—that the number of noods and desire is the auxiliary ; and why is it not as We shall leave the subject here, till we tenses which should be recognised in the suitable an auxiliary as can or may? It may learn some good reason for resuming it;grammar of any language, is so many as be said, that desire changes the verb to the reserving our remarks on tenses for another are expressed by the regular and estab. infinitive mood. But this is a mere decep- number.
LETTERS FROM A TRAVELLER. formed us, that we had, by missing the miles further, on the banks of the Tweed;
road, past the object of our pursuit. The and near the base of the Eildon hills, stand
question which naturally arose in this the ruins of the lordly monastery of St Edinburgh, November 8, 18
case, was, whether to remain where we Mary; at the sight of which we forgot MY DEAR FRIENDS,
were, or to retrace our steps in search of alike the mist, the mud, and the pickled On leaving Dr Hope's room, after Middleton; the appearance of the house herrings, and bastened on to obtain a nearhis introductory lecture on Wedneday last, decided us in favour of the latter course, er view of this magnificent object. I was agreeably surprised to hear the mono- and we turned back accordingly. After We employed several hours in examinsyllabic agnomen by which I have been foundering in the mud for about a mile, we ing the remains of the abbey, which are usually designated, pronounced by a voice became seusible, from a sort of splashing worth a voyage across the Atlantic, were from among the crowd of students, I turn-in our vicinity, that we were passing a mov- there nothing else to be seen in Britain. I ed, and exchanged greetings with Bing object of some kind. It proved to be had never before conceived of the effect who had lately arrived from London. The a man, who advised us not to proceed to produced on the mind by such an immense pleasure I enjoyed at this encounter can the unlucky village which had hitherto pile of picturesque ruins, where all around only be conceived by those who have met, eluded our researches, as it was very doubt is still as the graves of the mighty, who at an unexpected moment, with a familiar ful whether we could obtain lodgings there. slumber beneath, except from the occaface in a strange land. As the lectures We therefore once more wheeled about, sional cawing of the rooks, that have fixed were, soon after their commencement, to resolved to take up our quarters at the inn their residence about its buttresses and be interrupted by the season of Holy Fair, which we had lately left. Ill fortune, how- spires, and resent the intrusion of strangers we agreed to improve the opportunity for a ever, had not done with us yet. When we into the precincts of their “ ancient, solitapedestrian excursion to Melrose, which is reached it the waiter informed us, that, ry reign.” “ We sat us down on a marble about thirty-five miles to the southward. while we were tramping about after that stone,” with the monk of St Mary's aisle In pursuance of this plan we left Edinburgh Will o' the wisp, Middleton, some gentle and William of Deloraine, and, as far as last Thursday by the way of Salisbury men had arrived and secured all the beds. bodily vigor is concerned, B- is no bad Crags, and directed our course towards Lib. So we were once more turned adrift in the resemblance of the knight, though the parberton, a village which you will recollect mud, rain, and darkness, to seek for a house allel would scarce hold, in regard to their as the residence of Reuben Butler. The about a mile distant, where there was a respective companions. preceding day had been rainy, the aspect possibility of some accommodation. This The pillared arches were over our heads, of the present one was threatening, and we discovered between six and seven And beneath our feet were the bones of the dead, the roads were vilely muddy; but we were o'clock, and were agreeably disappointed while grotesque figures of all descriptions not to be discouraged by such trifles as to find it quite a tolerable place, where a grinned or frowned from every corbell and mud and rain. Our route, after passing good fire and supper soon consoled us for projection around us. Libberton kirk, which is about three miles all our disasters--but whether Middleton
I do not intend to attempt a particular distant from the city, lay by the Pentland, be an actually existing village, or not, we description of St Mary's Abbey, for many Braid, and Blackford hills; and our progress are uncertain.
Suffice it, that we saw the tombs was but indifferent for some hours, for B- The aspect of the following morning was of kings, prelates, and warriors; the wizis a botanist, and was continually arrested inauspicious. It rained violently, and there ard's grave, the stone on which the moon by some weed or moss, which he was pleas- was every prospect of its continuing to do through the east oriel shone;" the sepuled to think interesting. Moreover, we But the changeable nature of Scotch chre of Douglas, who fell at Otterburn, wandered out of the direct road into the weather was now a point in our favour. It &c. &c. Not the least among the beauties village of Lonehead, of which I know ceased to rain about eleven, and heroically of Melrose is the east oriel, or window, nothing remarkable, except that Baron determining to pursue our original plan, in itself, with its courts are held there, or at least were defiance of mire, we sallied forth and soon so in the days of Bartoline Saddletree. reached the Galla-water (or river.) Our
"Slender shafts of shapely stone, From thence, by a cross road, we came to road lay along its banks, and was sufficient
By foliage tracery combined:
Thou wouldst have thought some fairy's hand, Laswade, where are the remains of an old ly solitary. We scarcely saw a house, or 'Twixt poplars straight, the osier wand, kirk, of a very interesting appearance, but a human being, but there were many pic- In many a freakish knot, had twined; we could learn nothing of its bistory. Just turesque views and some interesting plants.
Then framed a spell, when the work was done, beyond, we crossed the North Esk, and en- The Galla is a pretly river, or, as we should
And changed the willow-wreaths to stone.” joyed some very picturesque views one in call it, brook, which flows into the Tweed But as I can neither talk of Melrose withparticular of Melville Castle. Further on a few miles below Melrose. The weather out sponting Scott's verses, nor write about was Newbottle Abbey, the seat of the Mar- was misty and the walking horrible; but it without quoting them, I think it best to quis of Lothian, and here we passsed over B- was sure that he had met with a leave it for the present, only pausing to another beautiful river, the South Esk. By road, somewhere in the state of New York, copy, for you, the following inscription from this time it was past four o'clock, and, as the that was quite as bad, which was very con- an old tomb-stone in the church-yard : days are now very short, it began to grow solatory.
“ The Earth goeti on the Earth glist'ring like gold; dark. We had determined, at the outset, Nothwithstanding the experience of the The Earth goes to the Earth sooner than it wold ; to stop for the night at Middleton, about former day, we loitered considerably, and The Earth builds on the Earth castles and towers; twelve miles from Edinburgh, --and we bad were consequently again benighted, at some The Earth says to the Earth, All shall be ours;” yet hardly accomplished ten. We turned distance from our proposed resting place; and to observe, that I should think I had our attention therefore from flowers and but, on this occasion, we were less fortu- not come to Scotland in vain, were it only views, and pushed on as well as we might; nate than before, for our accommodation for the feelings with which I surveyed these which was not very well, as it soon became for the night was very indifferent. magnificent reinains, and those which will dark as Egypt, and miry as the Slough of Our route on Saturday morning was com- forever be associated with Scott's inimitaDespond. We were not fated to reach Mid- paratively pleasant, for, though the weath- ble description of them. dleton that night, for my travels, like those er was cloudy, it did not rain, and to the Leaving “ St David's ruined pile” about of Johnie Hielandman from Crieff to Lon- mud we had become accustomed. Continu- two o'clock, we passed through 'Newstead, don, are full of small adventures, and if |ing along the banks of the Galla, about crossed the Tweed by an ancient and there is a bad road, or a wrong road, I am four miles, we reached Galashiels, a tol- beautiful stone bridge, from which we enpretty sure to happen upon it.
erable place, where we breakfasted, in a joyed some delightful views; cast a lingerAfter groping along for more than an very satisfactory manner, by the assistance ing look at the abbey, and then pursued hour, we reached a house, wbich proved to of a few bojled pickled herrings, which are our route towards Auld Reekic, along the be a sort of inn, the tenant of which in- ! among the delicacies of this land. Three banks of the Leeder. Just below Melrose,
THE LAPSE OF TIME.
the rivers Ettrick and Yarrow unite with
The grape in rich clusters hung, promising mirth, the Tweed, and in the vicinity is the seat
And the boughs of the apple-tree slept on the earth. of Sir Walter Scott. Further on we en
Did we thank thee, then, God of the seasons? Ol tered the district or earldom of Lauder
no! dale, passed near Cowden-knows, and pluck
Lament who will, in fruitless tears,
We were prompt in accepting thy favours, but slow ed some of the bonny broom, which was
Were our lips to give thanks for the rich gifts, thy
I sigh not over vanished years, then in flower; beyond this was Earlstone,
hand But watch the years that hasten by.
Sho or Ercildoupe tower, the birthplace of
ered thick on the maize-littered vales of our
land. Thomas the Rhymer, who figures in the See how they come, a mingled crowd “Scottish Chiefs."
Of bright and dark, but rapid days ;- Thou hast rained on us manna, Lord,-yet we are Beneath then, like a summer cloud,
mute; There were so many beautiful scenes in
The wide world changes as I gaze.
Though summers all smiles, of thy love are the fruit, our route, that we were unable to divest
Springs and autumns, as fair as the Orient boasts, ourselves of onr incorrigible habit of loiter- What! grieve that time has brought so soon
The sober age of manhood on !
Dawn on us,-yet faint are our longues, Lord of ing, and were, the third time, delivered
As idly should I weep at noon, over to the power of darkness, with its
To see the blush of morning gone. usual and very agreeable concomitants,
Now we raise our glad voices in gratitude raise, mud and rain. We reached Lauder, how
Could I forego the hopes that glow
And we waft on the beams of the morning our In prospect, like Elysian isles ?
praise; ever, in pretty good time, and with as little
And let the charming future go,
We thank thee for golden grain gathered in shock, difficulty as was to have been expected.
With all her promises and smiles?
And the milk of the kine, and the fleece of the foct Lauder is a burgh of barony, the meaning
The future!-cruel were the power of which designation I do not know. It
And we thank thee for limbs moving light to the Whose doom would tear thee from my heart.
task, interested me principally as the place Thou sweetener of the present hour!
For hearts beating high, though unwarmed of the where Archibald Bell-the-Cat hanged Coch- We cannot-no--we will not part.
flask. ran. It is ten miles distant from Melrose,
Oh, leare me, still, the rapid flight
Fill us, Lord, with just sense of thy bounty, and give so that we did pretty well this day, having That makes the changing seasons gay,
Health to us, and to all in the land where we live., walked seventeen miles, besides standing
J. The grateful speed that brings the night, some hours in and about the abbey.
The swift and glad return of day;
NIGHT.-A POEM. (Continued.] not think of spending twenty-four hours in
This little pratiler at my knee, Lauder, and accordingly departed at nine In whose arch eye and speaking face
Oh why doth the spirit thus love to roam, o'clock. Near the village is Thirlestane New meaning every hour I see ;
From its wonted rest in its quiet home?
Is it that fairy spirits fly castle, the seat of the Earl of Lauderdale,
The years that o'er each sister land
Around the orb of the sleeping eyean ancient and odd-looking edifice, built,
Shall lift the country of my birth,
Recalling the scenes that had gone forever, some five centuries ago, by Edward Long- And nurse her strength, till she shall stand
The friends from whom we were doomed to sever, shanks. From thence we proceeded four The pride and pattern of the earth ; The smiling lip, and the sparkling eve,
The bosom on which we were wont to lie, miles, through rather an uninteresting
Till younger communwealths, for aid, The voice whose accents calmed our fears, country, still by the banks of the Leeder,
Shall cling about her ample robe,
The hand that dried our falling tears : here reduced to a very small stream, to And, from her frown, shall shrink, afraid, All we love, and all we dread, Carfrae Mill.
The crowned oppressors of the globe. The absent living, and the dead, Leaving the Mill, we began to ascend the
As if to mock the power of night,
True-time will seam and blanch my browLammermoor hills to Channelkirk, and Well-I shall sit with aged men,
By bringing the forms of death to light?
Or is it, that while the frame is still,* from thence passed over the hills and a And my good glass will tell me how
And the thoughts no longer obey the will, dreary, heathy waste, which extended, on A grisly beard becomes me then.
That Fancy, escaping from Reason's sway, each side of the road, as far as the eye
And should no foul dishonour lie
Leaves her to slumber-and flies away; could see in misty weather. Eight miles Upon my head, when I am gray,
Pojsing her fickle and downy wing, from Lauder brought us to the county of Love yet may search my fading eye,
O'er bowers of Joy, where pleasures spring, Mid Lothian. Here we began to descend
And smooth the path of my decay.
Or wandering drearily 'mid the shade
Of ruined prospects, that guilt hath made ? and the country presented a more agreea- Then haste thee, time,-'tis kindness all
Enough to learn, as we mark the feeling ble aspect, but the weather assumed a very That speeds thy winged feet so fast; Wiibin a slumbering bosom stealing, different one.
Thy pleasures stay not till they pall,
While it dwells on the pictures of joy or pain Excepting the village of Fala, which is Ånd all thy pains are quickly past.
Which Fancy's pencil hath touched again, the neatest that I have noticed in Scotland, Thou fliest, and bear'st away our woes;
That there dwells in that frail abode of clay,
A being, whose home is far away; we observed nothing remarkable for the And, as thy shadowy train depart,
There is something there po power can bind, next nine miles. Here we recrossed the Esk The memory of sorrow grows
A living soul an immortal mind! rivers, which are particularly beautiful at A lighter burden on the heart.
A prisoner there—which waits the hour,
B. this point, and passed through Dalkeith,
When Death, destroying Nature's power, which is a considerable town. Near it
Shall free it from the thrall of Time,
And let it seek its native clime,stands Dalkeith castle, the seat of the AUTUMNAL HYMN OF THE HUSBANDMAN.
Which, trying its powers in sleep, would seem Duke of Buccleugh, who is said to be the Now we rest from our toils, Lord, our labours are
To rise on the wing of a midnight drean, richest nobleman in Scotland. Six miles
And struggle to lift the veil that 's thrown from Dalkeith, by Duddingstone, brought Our meadows are bared to the kiss of the sun ;
Between it and the world unknown; us to Edinburgh, which we entered exact- We have winnowed the wheat, -well our toil it That world, where its being shall still endure ly at six o'clock, having walked twenty
In joy or in sorrow--detiled or pure,
While ages roll-through time's extent, five miles in nine bours, including stop. And our oxen have eaten the husks of the maize.
Eternally living—but still unspent ! pages. The road, during the last fourteen We gathered our barvests; with strength in each or fifteen miles, had been quite good, com- limb
Oh night! thou emblem of death's long sleep. pared with what we had experienced be. Toiled the mower,-the ripe grass bowed prostrate How many poor wretches thy vigils keep, fore, so that we were very slightly fatigued, and the reaper, as nimbly be felled the proud grain, and the lightnings flash from an angry sky;
On the stormy wave, where the winds are high, thongh pretty well wet, and our garments Was blither than those who wear sceptres and How many, worn out by thy terrors, pray somewhat the worse for the “samples of
For the blessed beams of another day, the soil,” with which they bad been adorned, in the various stages of our progress. Proclaimed that the months of rejoicing were near; tie Human minni, vol. I, chapter v, section 5.
And the wheat blade was tall, and the full, golden ear * See Ste rart's Elements of the Philosophy of Farewell.
There is another class we mean to glance | one original character, developed and varied, in this, and while the future continues in at. This embraces writers who are honest, by the operation of a very few agencies. It futurity, we would class ourselves among and writers who are not. We have no con- is a mind, however, of vast capacity, and the faithful. cern with the purposes or motives of men the causes which are brought to operate Sometimes, however, this vast and remote when they write or print, for a bad book upon it are of great power. We are not future seems to approach nearer than it may not have proceeded from a bad motive, surprised to find this character at times a should upon the borders of the present, and or a useful one from the best. Honest au- wandering misanthrope, feeling deeply the sometimes our writers and talkers seem to thors are not so to themselves only, but to power of nature, and of man as he now is, thiok, and to feel that it has actually their age, and to their country. There is a and man as he has been, in the remote and reached us, and that we are now what a real weakness in a written hypocrisy. A strange times of antiquity. It is not strange few centuries may make us. In this there man may walk before us, and talk before us to us that he should now appear deep in the may be great evil. If our legislators get it, too, and be nothing he seems. But the mind toils of love; now recklessly cruel, and now they may legislate for what is not; changand the heart of the whole community stir ardently attached. We do not wonder to ing and overturning what belongs to us, to at the false histories of the writing author. find him grossly licentious and ingenious make way for what belongs to nobody. Our And this they do, whether the falsehood be in his ribaldry; now discoursing about financiers may get it, and we may be taxed found in the glozing of sin, in excessive moral distinctions, and now losing or de- in advance, and be called wealthy, because panegyric, or in caricature vice.
spising the whole of them. At one moment every body may be hereafter. It would The purely imaginative, and the satirists he spurns our sympathy, and in the next we sometimes seem that the inspiration of our too, have not unfrequently been the faith- should be ashamed of his company. This writers was getting transfused into the mass, fulest authors, and the truest historians. character has been pronounced to be his and that we are living in the future, whether Who reads Hume, Gibbon, or Robertson own, at least in an early period of its bis. we will or no. We are getting at last at for a true history ? Nobody. But who does tory. This, however, he has denied. But abuses, which have been the protection and not read Shakspeare with a saving and a if it be in any measure so, his works to that happiness of our fathers and ourselves, but safe faith. He wrote truly of all ages, for extent at least are autobiographical, and will which will never be tolerated in the times he wrote truly of his own, and knew what go down to succeeding ages for their veri- to come. A strange sort of benefaction is was in man. To be honest, was not the less similitude alone. They are not histories of thus to be substituted for present good, the unwise in his time, in the construction of a his time, for they do not give us what an incalculable good of a vast future. villain, than it is now.
age, especially his own, makes of the mass If this be in any measure true, if we are Pope was no traducer of his species as he of men, with whom he was born. They are to realize prophecies, or are realizing them found it. His age made him, as the age strictly individual, for they all tell us about already, we should look to it, and very semakes every body. His harmonious, and, the same being. Give these works any riously. Human life is getting longer, it is not upfrequently, grossly indelicate satire, other character, admit for a moment that said, than it used to be, but it will hardly has its quality from his time. It was the they were intended by the author as a true carry us as far as our writers are disposed current selfshness which made its passage history, or a dramatic sketch of his times, to do. We may be losers in the bargain, and through his heart, and a fine intellect fol. and he becomes at once the veriest and what is thus lost to us, will be lost to our lowed in its tide. Pope, however, is tem- vulgarist libeller. As it is, he is the most successors, however remote, or however nuporary and local, for he is confined, and remarkable egotist, if one at all, that has merous. They were safe prophets in the hemmed in by an artificial society both of ever lived. He industriously brings to the British parliament, wbo foretold the liberty fashion and letters. We have dispensed surface, and keeps there, what other men and prosperity of America, for we had one with the hoop-petticoat, and pretty much more industriously have hidden in the deep- of these already, and could not long want with the heroic couplet. But he is true to est recesses of their own hearts. This sin the other. Prophets are not safe now howwhat he saw and felt, or to his age, and is gle fact explains a thousand anomalies in ever, our prophetic writers; for we have o far no libeller.
his works; and among these, che strange both liberty and prosperity, and it is for Byron is still more local than Pope. He selfishness which could love deeply the in- these, and for these alone, we should give is almost individual. His variety is more dividual and hate the species; or regard the our minds in the fulness of their best powin name than in thing. His writings seem whole with one sweeping abhorrence, dis- ers; and if we are true to our best interests, to be the efforts of a very few agencies upon gust, and contempt.
those which have been long proved, and his own vast mind. A review of some of We have spoken of authors who have found so, our posterity will be blessed withhis poems, which by bis own title of them, been true to their own character, to their out prophesy, really belong to his infancy, was one, and age, and to the world. There are other probably the earliest of these. This review classes; we have room to speak of but one annoyed him dreadfully. He did not con- This class is peculiar to our own sider that he had strayed from his nobility country. It has in a measure been made
No. I. into the republic of letters, and was igno- by the country, its institutions, and prosrant that the constitution of this wide re. pects, and deserves to be named. It be
The Author. public, guarantees to all its citizens the longs to us; and bowever little we have
Me dulcis saturet quies. privilege of abusing, as well as praising been allowed to appropriate of letters,
Obscuro positus loco, each other. His nobility went in company we may safely claim this. If we should
otio. with his genius, a legitimate association name it, we should call it the prophetic class
Chorus er Thyeste. enough in his case, and they were equally of authors. This will serve to distinguish I am a wayfaring man in the literary annoyed by the reception they met. Disgust them at once from all writers within a world, and in humour and out of humour to the whole British empire soon followed, reasonable antiquity, and will surely distin- with its inhabitants, have come and gone and the Curse of Minerva appeared a few guish them from all the moderns. Our wri- from place to place, and as yet have left no years after English Bards and Scottish Re- ters, whether imaginative or historical, are memory behind me. I have always shunviewers. A still more personal annoyance prophetic. They go habitually before the ned ostentation, even in the vehicle that at length drove his lordship from England lime. They live in the future of their own has carried me, and turning aside from the forever, and then we had Don Juan, or, with minds. They are with a population which busier marts of literature, have loitered in other things, English manners, and English cannot be numbered. The blessings of our its green alleys and silent avenues. To society, under the similitude of Eastern institutions are upon all. A mass of iotel- men in the higher walks of letters nature sensuality.
lectual power and physical strength occu- bas made known the warm intellectual As an author, and it is in this character pies the distance, to a degree at times al- springs, whence issue those vast concepLord Byron now lives, his lordsbip is almost most oppressive to us, who are comparatively tions, that are too wide for the embrace of entirely exclusive. He bas given us but few and powerless. Now there is no barin inferior minds ;-and we of bumbler birth
THE LAY MONASTERY.
likewise teaches drawing and book-keep-| bility to the poblic. They are also favour- Antiochus III, and was raade librarian at ing, has joined the institution, and the im- ed by their situation, us they are enabled Antioch, where he died. Euphorion prinportant branch of the Spanish language and by it to offer boys every roasonable grati- cipally devoted himself to opic poetry, but literature is thus provided for.
fication and amusement on their own prem- he also wrote elegies and epigrams. He In whatever branch they can best teach, ises, a circomstance of no small moment. also produced some treatises on grammar they are themselves the instructers. In They live in the midst of a healthy, moral, and history. He was charged with being the modern languages, and in some other and thriving population, and are surround- obscore in his expressions, and with using things, instruction can best be given by men ed by scenery of great beauty, and of a words in a forced sense. who devote themselves to the branch. Still cheerful character. All this has a favoura. they hold themselves responsible for every ble influence on the forming mind.
EGYPTIAN SARCOPHAGUS. thing. Should their means allow it, they Our readers may wish to know, partico
A sarcophagus has been brought to Marwill add to their number an instructer in larly, how the day is passed at this school. seilles from Alexandria, which is described the language and literature of Italy. They rise in winter at six; and, after the de- as being very magnificent. It was found in
The administration of the school rests votional exercises of the morning, are busy the burying grounds of Memphis, near the solely with Mr Corswell and Mr Bancroft. with teaching and study till eight, at which valley of the Pyramids, and was taken, with They are assisted by a gentleman, who, in time all breakfast. They then engage in infinite pains, out of a well sixty feet in the present divided state of the town, per- some vigorous exercise till nine, when the depth. The lower part is eight feet long, forms for them a service on Sunday. De- season for intellectual labor again com- two and a hrall high, and three and a half in termined to have nothing to do with dis. mences, and continues till noon. T'wo its greatest breadth. It is covered with putes in religion, they wish the religious hours are allowed for exercise, dining, and a multitude of hieroglyphics, mythological principle should be sirong and eficacious for rest, when, at two, studies are resum- figures, and symbols, admirably executed. in the minds of all around them.
ed, and continued till four. An hour and This large and splendid antique weighs In short, they have begun a school, a a half is then employed in the sports and above six thousand pounds. The lid, the place for the liberal education of boys as- exercises suited to the season. The eve workmanship of which is po less remarksembled in numbers, where they wish to ning meal is over by six, when some time able, is nearly of equal weight. It is of collect the means of teaching all that a boy is passed in attending to dcclamations, a dark green colour, resembling that of needs to learn. They would have good disci. and then about an hour and a half is given bronze, with spots of a rich dark red. Bepline, a free, constant, and affectionate in to study, and the exercises of devotion. The sides these spots, which are pretty equally tercourse between masters and pupils ; they instructers and pupils spend a few moments distributed, the lower part is marked in would encourage and promote a love of around the fire, and the boys are sent to bed three or four places by broad streaks of a knowledge, and give instructions in the an- at half past eight. In the morning and bright yellow colour, which extend to the cient languages, in French, Spanish, Ger- evening religious services they chiefly use top: these accidents beautifully relieve the man, and if it be desired in the Italian, the excellent prayers of the Episcopal deep colour of the ground. It has sustained among the modern ; in mathematics, the church. The collects and various services no damage, except two slight notches on outlines of the natural sciences; in geog- furnish a variety of earnest and suitable the edge, doubtless made by persons who raphy, history, morals; in reading, writing, petitions. Saturday evening they meet, but had formerly attempted to remove the lid, composing ; in short, in whatsoever it can not for study. At that time exhortations are in order to plunder the tomb of its contents. be thought essential for boys to learn. made to the boys on their studics, and on the two parts have been placed on separate Their object is, to establish a good school; subjects suggested by the events of the carriages, and despatched for Paris. and no more. If they can impart knowl- week. The older boys read the New Tesedge, they are indifferent to names, and tament aloud to the school. On Sunday
FRENCH WAVERLEY NOVEL. think the evidence of a diploma, or the dis- the smaller boys read aloud in the Bible. tinction of a degree, would be superfluous. The older ones are engaged with works of
« Jean Perthus, or the Citizen of Paris two There exists nowhere an institution ex- Paley, Porteus, or Mason, books where the hundred and fifty years ago,” is an attempt actly like this. The gentlemen who con duties of religion are inculcated without in the manner of the Scotch novels, and duci it, have borrowed from the most dif- any of the spirit of party,
gives a good picture of France and Paris ferent sources ; one principle from the They neither covet, nor shun inspection. at the time of the League. But the author schools at Berlin, another from Hofwyl, a A parent is in duty bound to know, in what bas introduced a Baron de Malteste, who is third from Edinburgh, a fourth from the condition his child is, and these gentlemen much too fond of developing his political books and practice of Niemeyer. With have ever been ready to explain to any views, and too superior to those around him. respect to health and morals, and the im- the principles and practice of the school. When Sir Walter Scott places a personage portant branch of physical education, they The criterion, by which to judge of a good of his own creation among historical chartrust to their observations. Originality is school, must always be the state of the acters, he takes care not to assign him the not the distinction they covet; they wish scholars; and it is by this they must be and first rank. The author, it appears, has, in to bring to practical application the prin- are willing to be judged. As for health, manuscript, other novels relative to various ciples in education, which have the united they have as yet had no sickness; and now, periods of French history. testimony of nature, of reason, and of expe- out of forty boys, there is not one who does rience. They are aware, that a mere imi- not enjoy firm bealth, though many were GREAT HEAT AT NEW SOUTH WALES. tation of a foreign model would never suc- received in a weak state of body.
Dr Winterbottom relates, that a particuceed, and have endeavoured to adapt all It will certainly require much time to lar friend of his, a very careful observer, things to our own conntry.
complete this design, but its form and ten saw the thermometer rise, in New South There are one or two circumstances dency are already apparent.
Wales, to 112", and continue so nearly a which favour them very much. They are
week. The effects of this heat upon the responsible only to the public. No tribu
EUPHORION OF CHALCIS.
human body, were extremely distressing, nal, or board of men, stands between them The life of this poet, and fragments of his producing extreme languor and incapability and the country, whose rising generations works, have been published at Leipsic, by of exertion. A gentleman, remarkably rothey wish to serve; they gladly acknowl. M. Meinecke; who distinguishes him from bust and active, out of bravado, to show edge the value of the public opinion, and in another Eupborion, of Thrace, author of the that he could do what not a man in the general the justice of the public voice; and, Priapeia. Euphorion of Chalcis obtained colony dared to attempt, took his gun, and while any direct interference on the part of the right of citizenship at Athens. He was went out in pursuit of game; but he was men who might not sufficiently understand the pupil of Lacydes and Prytanis in phi- very soon obliged to return, and found some their views, would be injurious, nothing but losophy, and of Archebulus in poetry. “At difficulty in doing so. The effects of this good can be apprehended from a responsi- | the age of fifty, he went to the court of heat opon animals was such, that the parro