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THOUGHTS UPON THE CHARACTER OF THE
order, dismounts, and is going away.) Stop a mo- from Canada to Chili, into colonial states pendent, India will soon follow in the same ment. I had forgotten something. Just now, as I and provinces ;—then this same spirit turn- course; not by freeing herself from bondwas coming through the marketplace, I heard a ed itself eastward, and filled New Holland age, for that cannot be; the Hindoos have sagacious tradespeople were saying that Persia and the eastern isles with European estab- been so long without exerting any thing was in a state of complete uproar, and that an am- lishments, and conquered India, and peopled like a political will, that faculty may well bassador was on the way to pray for the protection the shores and capes of Southern Africa. be deemed extinct; but there will no doubt of Athens. They are asking each other, in good Europe became the head and sovereign of be an end, probably a speedy and a sudden earnest, whether it will be well to grant the request. the earth. She had sent out her children end, to the wonderful anomaly of the Brit
" Philistus. I heard something of the sort just to take possession of a large proportion, ish empire in India. Some European pownow from Damocles, the tailor, one of our most and controlled, directly or indirectly, al- er will declare itself independent there ; simple and credulous quid-nuncs. But do you most all the remainder. She took away perhaps the Indian English themselves will know that he mentioned your house as the source the precious metals from Potosi, Peru, and raise the standard of national sovereignty, of this strange news?
Mexico, by the right of ownership; and and the mild and docile millions of that “ Eucrates. The lying rascal! My house?
with them, and the fabrics of her workshops, country will gladly gather around, to find How did he make that out?
" Philistus. He says your steward received the and the strength and terror of her arms, beneath its shadow the repose and securaccount.
she commanded the comforts and the luxn- ity of a common empire, which they have ** Eucrates. How? The sharper! I'll put an ries of all the world to be brought home to never enjoyed since the days of Aurengeend to such doings. He shall leave my house at her store houses, and spread abroad for the zebe.
universal enjoyment of her nations. All The colonies on the coasts of Africa, New " Philistus. Be not wroth, Eucrates! Moderate thy righteous indignation. I will give you a climes poured into her lap the tribute of Holland, and the isles of the Eastern Arkey to the mystery. My friend Perdiccas, the great all their products ; China wove her silks chipelago, while they remain weak settlemerchant, amused himself, when he last dined with and gathered her teas; India contributed ments, existing only by the protection of you, by telling this tale to your major-domo, instead her shawls and muslins, and spices and Europe, and drawing their life-blood from of a fee when he left the door, being well acquaini; pearls ; and Africa offered up her gold and their mother-lands like unweaned infants, Archon, how the news of the day is got up in ivory and ebony ; the ocean became her need not be taken into the account; but Athens, and by what means our people are kept highway, and mountains sank down before when they too grow to be nations they cancontinually in a condition between dreaming and her enterprise and energies ; her search not linger long behind their predecessors. drunkenness."
extended and her hand reached every What then will Europe be? Her various
where, and every where she gathered into nations will differ from their many children,
while the offspring rejoice in the spirit and
The chain of her dominion enwrapped the the strength of youth and manhood. It is whole earth; but the emancipation of these doing America no justice, to say that she states severed its continuity, and the links will then be the equal of Europe ; Europe
are now falling asunder every where. As will not then be her equal. The colonies We think we are living in one of those the supremacy of Europe was founded on the from which were born the nations of this epochas which occasionally occur to divide commerce which grew principally out of continent, were for the most part formed of the succession of time into distinct periods the colonial system, and upon her unques- her very essence. True it is, that Spanish of uncertain and various duration. One such tionable superiority over other quarters of America was originally conquered by men, period extended from the foundation of the the globe in arts and arms; so this power for whom no more fitting name can be Roman empire to its overthrow by the ir- must be destroyed by the establishment of found than that of demons; true it is, that ruption of northern nations; another was new empires, upon a new continent, ac- for many years, cruelty, rapacity, and all denominated the dark ages; a third began knowledging in her no moral or political manner of wickedness flourished there lox. with the discoveries of Columbus and is supremacy, and at least as independent of uriantly ;-but it is also true, that even now about to end. It would not be difficult her as she is of them. The establishment then and there, it was the misfortune of to show, that each of these periods has its of such empires must be the inevitable those countries, that they who were most distinct character,-though perhaps not consequence,-nay, it is the actual conse- thoroughly imbued with all iniquity, were enough so, to make this classification of quence of our independence. These new their most remarkable men, and stand forth ages perfectly exact. Still there were in nations are and will be possessed of all the in their histories with undue prominence. each of them certain general modes of feel- intelligence, science, and energy which These individuals were not all the Euroing and thinking, and certain active princi- have placed Europe in advance of her sis- peans there ; nor had they power to imples of large extent and unresisted operation, ter continents; and enjoy all these ad- press their own characters deeply upon the which may be every where recognised with vantages, without the oppressive institu- institutions and manners of the colonies; more or less accuracy. Our present con- tions, which are fastened upon her various and after Pizarro and Cortes, Albuquerque cern is with the character of those periods, nations by the amalgamation of the princi- and Orando had passed away, their memory of which we suppose one to be approaching ples and institutions proper to Roman des- existed only to be accursed, and men of puriits end, and the other to be beginning. potism, with those which the free and mili- ty and piety and various excellence came
When America was known to exist, it tary savages, who overran the empire, across the waters, and the shores of our was without delay taken possession of by brought with them from their northern for- southern continent were marked with many Europe, and, from that day to the achieve- ests.
footsteps by them who were worthy to peoment of our independence, was an append- The system of colonization, was suggest- ple and civilize a land which Columbus disage-a suburb an out-lying domain to thated and commenced by the conquest of covered. At this moment the spirit of pocontinent. This possession was peopled; South America; that system, with its con- litical regeneration is working there with tenants were put into the vacant fields, and sequences, forms one of the distinctive intense activity. It encounters in the and were encouraged to cultivate them, the characteristics of the period which has fol- character of the people and their institufee always remaining in the crowns of lowed, and must be referred to the discove- tions, a resistance greater beyond compariEurope, who exacted from their transatlan- ry of this country, as its first cause. So son than any which opposed it here; but it tic estates a very sufficient rent in the the emancipation of this continent from derives great aid from the violent reaction shape of colonial trade and commercial European sovereignty, which is now all but of the very abuses it seeks to extirpate. It monopolies. Thus grew up a colonizing completed, will be the commencement of a goes on, conquering and to conquer, and spirit and system totally distinct from any new period, the character and events of there can be but one termination to the thing known to ancient nations. It needed which it may not be altogether impossible conflict. but a few years to parcel out America, to foresee. When America is wholly inde- As for ourselves, we owe our origin to
the boldest and strongest spirits Europe, lieve that the ages we endeavour to antici- | vest, the surplus of which may go back to numbered among her children; we have pate, will not be characterized by the ex- Europe to purchase for him the commodities all the moral and physical advantages she altation and unquestioned predominance of and luxuries he will long continue to need. ever enjoyed, and we have not the many any portion of mankind, but rather by a The period may not be very far offdisadvantages under which she has ever great and universal amelioration in the whether Europe be consolidated or notlaboured. Europe acquired a mastery over character and in the condition of the whole when general wars will cease ; a change Asia and Africa, not because she came to human race. Africa and Asia have had very analogous to the abolition of private the conflict, with none of the impediments each its season of sovereignty. With the wars, which occurred but a few centuries which obstructed them, but because they culture of the Greeks, civilization, and since, and to be effected probably in a simpressed upon her with less weight;--not with the conquests of Alexander, empire, ilar way; that is, in part by a general because the feudal government, with its deserted their ancient seats, and sought a awakening of public sentiment as to the absurd oppressions, its seignories, its vassal- new home in barbarous Europe. This tide essential iniquity and uselessness of war, hood, its military tenures, its inheritable will“ pursue its westering way," with the but chiefly by the establishment of such a authority and privileges, its devotion to courses of the heavens, and though Ameri- political condition as shall make it cost war, and its contempt for peace and the ca may establish no throne of universal more than it can be worth to any one. If useful arts, was the best possible govern- domination, all that is valuable in human this peaceable condition be established, the ment, but because it was something better character and all that is happy in human third part of the industry and skill of than the pure despotism of China, or the condition, may find here a kindred soil, and Europe will no longer be devoted to the tyrannical anarchy of Turkey and other draw from it a better nurture, and strike a science and work of destruction; and an eastern nations. From all these things we deeper root, and bear a richer fruit than emancipation from this miserable thraldom, are exempt, and such is the healthful ener-ever elsewhere. Can it be presumptuous will of itself be productive of infinite benegy of our political institutions, it is proper or fanciful to believe that will be, which fit. There may then be no more commerfor us to hope, that every thing which is the history of perished nations and the re-cial restrictions and prohibitions and jealfound to oppose their general spirit, will cords of past ages indicate as the result to- ousies between the different parts of Europe, be expelled from them by the power of wards which all existing circumstances are or between that continent and this, than public opinion. We say less than the obviously tending?
now exist between the different parts of truth, when we assert that, in all those We see no good reason for supposing that our national confederacy. The arts of life things which promote national advance- Europe will not find means to retain a good will be cultivated; the enjoyment and emment, and assist in the acquisition and es- share of that skill which earns money and bellishment of life promoted; the science of tablishment of every thing valuable, Ameri- of commercial intercourse; on the contra- happiness will be studied and learned and ca is as far beyond Europe, as that conti- ry we not only believe she will retain a practised, and every thing which is good nent ever was beyond the rest of the world. fair measure of these things, but will also will more wisely sought, and more sucNow if the progress of human events be enjoy many blessings she has not yet cessfully achieved, than it can be in these subject to the same laws it has obeyed in known.
days of turbulence and insecurity. past time ;-if similar circumstances indi- The author of “ Europe” gives many The condition we have thus described cate siinilar tendencies, and similar causes very strong reasons for supposing that the may seem so utterly repugnant to the presproduce similar effects, then the inference present violent and universal commotion ent state of society; it may seem so imfrom the comparison we have instituted be among the political elements of Europe possible, that peaceful happiness should tween Europe and her emancipated colo- may subside into the form of one general either exist with or grow out of the presnies, and the changes of political relation European state. We shall not repeat his ent objects, prejudices, and habits of social we have rapidly sketched, is obvious and arguments, for we could not present them man, that such suppositions may be thought unavoidable.
to our readers in a more clear or striking altogether chimerical. Let it be rememWe are perfectly aware that the hypo- light;—but we believe with him, that this bered, however, that to produce this conditheses which endeavour to anticipate the great result may happen, either by the ab- tion, there is needed neither the operation coming condition of Europe and America, sorption of the smaller states into some one of a cause which has not yet acted, nor the must be in a great measure uncertain, but of preponderating power, or by the volun- developement of tendencies which are not we are also well persuaded, that they need tary compact of the whole. When this yet manifested, nor the extinction of renot be wholly so. History may be made shall take place,-and there never was sisting or disturbing principles, which are to prophesy, if not with utterance so dis- a time when it could seem so near to not now decaying ; but only the continued tinct that no tone can be lost and no word probability as now,--all the resources of progress of human institutions and opinmistaken, yet with a voice, which we may the different parts of Europe will be appli- ions in the path they are pursuing. We hear if we will listen, and which it is not ed, not to counteract and destroy each deprecate the supposition, that all this wise to disregard. We do not pursue this other, but to their mutual and universal speculation is gratuitous conjecture or the inquiry, or rather these reflections, because expansion and increase. Her power would fantastic vision of a dreamer. We do not they lead to glorious anticipations of our then be sufficient not only to rid her of suppose, that the circumstances we anticicountry's absolute supremacy; for the facts many sore incumbrances, but to open new pate will occur in this year or in these from which we argue refuse to open to our resources. The encampment of the Turks twenty years ;-but we do say, that as the imaginations any such prospect. We do upon her most fertile, most beautiful, and question is, whether it is more probable however believe, because it seems to us a most sacred soil, may be broken up, and the that man will go on as he is going, or stop plain inference, clearly deducible by the crescent driven to wane and set beyond short in his career, or retrograde, we think severest logic from acknowledged facts, the Euphrates. The north of Africa may. it more probable that he will continue to that we must enjoy, for more ages than be wrested from the pirates, for whose sake advance, and we do believe that plain, man's thought can penetrate, some very its very soil is accursed into barrenness, sound common sense leads to this concluvaluable advantages over Europe. We do and energetic and systematic efforts made sion. If the past did not throw forward its not assert that the sovereignty of the earth to people Anatolia, the solitary wastes of light into the future, the whole stir and will follow the steps of our fathers, and Tartary, and the shores of the Black sea motion of life would cease at once; and come to abide in our land; but we certainly and the Caspian, with that redundant popu- why may not the ages which have gone ilthink abundant reason exists for believing lation, which now the waste of war cannot lustrate the ages which are to come, as that America will be filled with civilized, consume fast enough. There, for many brightly as any lesser portions of duration. cultivated, and improving nations, and that ages, all whom their mother-land will not But no possible supposition can be so reimprovement of every sort will meet with support, may find a fruitful soil, ready to pugnant to all, which the history of all time more encouragement and less resistance in welcome the husbandman to a new home; has taught, as this, that humanity bas reachthis, than in any other continent. We be- I his industry will be repaid with a rich har-led a resting-place, and will stop here for
It cannot be ;-man will go on or vanity is apt to do, it often mistook the mat- should be said. Other nations have a right, he will go back,—and let him who asks ters upon which it might look with justifia- an indefeasible and sacred right, to have which path his destiny will take, look at ble complacency. We did not,-nay, we their attention directed by us to those the state of Europe five centuries ago, do not think so much of the simplicity, things in our history, character, and condiwhen it contained the civilization of the equality, and thorough freedom which our tion, which make us what they are not, and earth. Was it not desolated by private institutions secure, or of our deliverance what they are very far from being, but wars, and darkened with ignorance and mon- from the delusions, which taint with univer- should strenuously strive to become, how strous superstition, and bound hand and sal poison the whole mass of European long or arduous soever the struggle may be. foot in the slavery of those laws which thought and feeling, as of the victory Even this will be called vain boasting by made her millions the born thralls of a few which our fathers achieved. We assure many, for that happens to be the tone of untamed and un taught fighting savages; and the fact as self-evident,—that, inheriting as this day; but is it boasting to tell the simwould the change from the present condition, children the liberty thus won, we take with ple truth, if that truth be denied or unto such an one as we have anticipated, be it, as heirlooms of the inheritance, the wis known? Is it vain boasting, or is it our greater than that which has been already dom and courage which conquered. We duty, our bounden and imperative duty, to effected? The obvious truth, the distinct re- have in past days been yet more apt than impress that truth upon ourselves and make ply of sober judgment is, that we have far in the present, to consider European na- il known unto the world, when it is the more reason to expect that condition, than tions as, of necessity, less sensible, less most important political truth ever revealthey, in those days, had to expect the pres- valiant, or less vigorous than we, because ed to mankind ? For the first time since ent. Where then,-in what facts or argu. they are less free; forgetting that we take nations gathered together, an opportunity ments,-shall we find a right to say, that our pure liberty as they take their want of offered to try the great experiment, wheththe progressive and expansive energies of it
, by descent, and that our fathers who er men might be governed by law made by human nature must now be suddenly check- conquered for us, having always been free, them and for them, instead of the fluctuated; that our Creator has given his children never put on the chains which nations ac- ing and arbitrary pleasure or passion of an no capacity for happiness on earth, which customed to them must find it so difficult to individual or a mob; whether nations could has not been filled to its last drop ;-that put off. Of course there was a great deal hold together with no other inequalities He who alone could say, “ Thus far shalt of absurdity and folly in our national feel than those which grow out of the essential thou come,” hath fixed the impassable limit ings, which was seen abroad, and seen difference of character,—with no bondage at this stage of our progress, and now through a mist of much ignorance, and but that which binds together the strong stands ready to bid the flowing tide of hu- greatly exaggerated. The charge of ridic- and the weak, the high and the low, for man improvement recoil, and whelm with ulous vanity was brought against us con- mutual protection, and with full acknowlits refluent wave the good things He has giv- tinually ; throughout Europe it was an es- edgment of these inequalities and absoen? We answer, nowhere; it is unreason- tablish thing, that America was the very lute obedience to this bondage. The exable so to say, it is unnecessary so to fear. land of self-conceit, and all her sons were periment has been tried; the history of the We repeat that we do not pretend to see swollen with self-exaltation, for the want last centuries, is but the story of its prepaindications of a sudden ripening of earth of those things which constitute the pride ration; a virgin and unvexed soil was apinto heaven, but that we believe the cre- and glory of elder nations. Look at Eng. pointed for its theatre; our fathers and puscular gleamings of reason and science land; till within a few years, very few books, ourselves for its subjects ; our condition and and virtue and religion and happiness, which which could by possibility be stretched and character, our progress and our prospects, are now visible, declare, that future genera- twisted far enough to reach America, have are its great result; and what right have tions shall see a fuller radiance and more been published there, without the spicery we,—to put it on that ground alone,--to be unquestionable light and purer peace and of some witty sneer and sarcasm upon our withheld from proclaiming this result to goodness, as surely as the gilded clouds of republican conceit; and this weary descant the world, and thus teaching to the world a morning prophesy of noon.
was for a long season sung by their poets lesson it cannot so well learn without our We had intended to remark more par- and declaimed by their mob orators, in and aid, but which, when learned, will be almost ticularly upon the condition and prospects out of parliament, and repeated by their omnipotent of good ? How wretchedly deof our own land, and the relations it sus- travellers in every possible variety of lie. graded must we become, ere we can be tains with others, as we believe the spirit Within a short time things have changed thus withheld by the abject fear, that the and tendency of this age to be in nothing vastly for the better; perhaps we have re- nations who should learn this lesson, may so manifest as in the characteristics of this ceived so much castigation, our vanity is turn round upon us, and in their rooted and country and in our influence upon elder na- really mortified and sickened; however vain ignorance, tell us we are vain ? tions ; but we cannot, in this number, do this may be, the castigation has ceased to We shall pursue this subject in another more than consider a few preliminary be very excessive. We are generally treat-. number, by remarking upon the true charpoints.
ed by foreign authors of this day with acteristics of this country, and the inferenIt would be idle to pretend to look for great courtesy, which we would gladly re- ces which should be drawn from them. If ward into the futurity of this country with ciprocate.* We would admit at once, that our work crosses the ocean, it must meet exactness and certainty; it would be worse we used to have, and have still much of an outcry of “ American conceit,” uttered than idle not to see and not to say, that all the foolish conceit which is apt to befall to be sure less loudly and unanimously the circumstances of our political condition smart youths, until they get out into the than heretofore, but still so uttered there, bear united testimony to the high destinies world and find their true measure,—and as to be echoed here. Let those, who, from which are opening upon us. A sober and would readily grant that our peculiar ad- ; the bosom of this land, respond to or awake sedulous inquiry into this subject certainly vantages are not without their peculiar in- , that cry, look well to their motives; let seerns to us justifiable, to say no more ;
-conveniences. But something more than this them examine if they would not love very still we cannot begin it, but we are met
much to exchange our simplicity, our comby the fear of that reproach, which it is the
* We say this, the last Quarterly notwithstand- parative poverty, our equality, with all their fashion to cast upon us in Europe, and in ingat was always a pity, that the ruffian who con train of evils and inconveniences, for the some degree on our own side of the water; his virulence lamentable efficacy ; but it is certainly comforts and luxuries, the respectful homlet us examine the grounds and the jus- fit matter for rejoicing, that at last a scoundrel and age and the prompt servility, which, in the tice of this reproach.
a fool (an utter fool quoad hoc, being dementated old world, wealth and station have ever at The conquest of our independence ex- by excess of malignity), can tell falsehoods about command. It is not strange, that those cited, and almost justified considerable us, in England, of which the malice may be seen whose tastes or habits render them pecuvanity in our countrymen; the successful journals in his own country are all upon Gifford liarly sensible of our unquestionable disexperiment of our unprecedented govern- for his unhappy lies, and we are not disposed to comforts, and, moreover, disable them from ment of laws inflamed this vanity, and, as I add a word.
understanding or enjoying our unprecedent
RECOVERED WORK OF MILTON.
ed and unshared advantages, should call the and I have spent many an evening delightedly em- persons forming this establishment. pride which is taken in them, but foolish ployed in translating them, as closely as I could, the archimandrite Hyacinthus, who has
into English verse. The following specimens are conceit.
lately returned to Petersburg, has applied That conceit and folly may be mingled I would not have them compared with Bland's himself with great zeal to the study of the with it, is certain, and we lament it deeply; translation published some few years since, and Chinese history and literature. He has but in our reflections upon this subject, we which I had not seen at the time mine were made ; prepared a work in nine volumes folio, emshall endeavour, with equal care, to avoid for our objects were different ;--his was to write bracing the General History of China, from a presumptuous and groundless self-exalta- English poetry;--mine to give as faithful a tran: the year 2357 before Christ to A. D. 1633– tion on the one hand, and, on the other, a like the Anthology so well as I ; but it would not
one in two volumes folio on its geography timorous and craven abandonment of that, seem to me very unjust to test any man's literary and statistics-a Russian and Chinese Dicwhich it is our duty to claim and cling to, taste, by his answer to the single question, Do you tionary-four works on the geography and not for our own glory, but for the common relish the Epigrams of the Greek Anthology and history of Thibet and of Little Bucharia good of the whole earth.
if the answer were, No, to decide that his taste the history of the Mongols, and an acwas hopelessly corrupted.
count of the code of laws given them by Wreathe no roses for thy hair,
the Chinese government-a description of POETRY. Nor among its tresses wear
Pekin—an account of the dykes and works The embroidered diadem,
erected to confine the waters of the Yellow Sparkling far with many a gem. THE OLD MAN'S FUNERAL.
River, followed by an accurate description I saw an aged man upon his bier ;
Let other maids their pearls display ;
of the great canal of China-a translation His hair was thin and white, and on his brow Thy skin is whiter far than they.
of the works of Confucius, with a commenA record of the cares of many a year ;
Let them their golden trinkets show;
tary and several treatises on the manners, Cares, that were ended and forgotten now.
Thy locks of gold more richly glow.
customs, festivals, and domestic employAnd there was sadness round, and faces bowed, And woman's tears fell fast and children wailed Their gems of hyacinthine hue,
ments of the Chinese; on their military aloud.
Shed radiance;—but thine eyes of blue art, and on the branches of industry in
which they excel. Then rose another hoary man and said,
Sparkle more deliciously. In faltering accents, to that weeping train,
Some of these works will probably be Why mourn ye, that our aged friend is dead?
Ethereal elegance of form,
printed by the Russian government. Ye are not sad to see the gathered grain,
Dewy lips and blushes warm, Nor when their mellow fruit the orchards cast,
While these enchantments are thy own, Nor when the yellow woods shake down the ripened Thou need'st not Cytherea's zone.
A Latin MS. undoubtedly by M on,
Loving, I should perish here, Ye sigh not when the sun, his course fulfilled,
Did not thy glances banish fear;
long supposed to be lost, has lately been His glorious course, rejoicing earth and sky,
But those eyes forbid despair,
discovered in the State Paper Office in In the soft evening, when the winds are stilled,
For lovely hope inhabits there.
London. The subject is religious, and the Sinks where his islands of refreshment lie,
arguments are all drawn from Scripture. And leaves the smile of his departure, spread O'er the warm-coloured heaven and ruddy mountain
Blind power of wealth, thy footsteps bend There are many Hebrew quotations, and the
Hence, nor longer linger here; head.
work is one of considerable bulk, contain
Nor to ocean's depths descend, Why weep ye then for him, who, having run
Nor borne upon the winds appear,
ing 735 pages, many of them closely writThe bound of man's appointed years, at last,
But to the gloomy realms begone
ten, and believed to be in the handwriting Life's blessings all enjoyed, life's labours done,
Of Tartarus and Acheron,
of the poet's nephew, Phillips, with many Serenely to his final rest has past;
Where torture darts her sharpest stings; interlineations by a different hand. It was While the soft memory of his virtues, yet
For sorrowing grief, and angry strife, found in an envelope addressed to Cyriac Lingers like twilight hues, when the bright sun is set. And all the ill of mortal life,
Skinner, merchant. The situation which
From thee, the source of evil, springs. His youth was innocent; his riper age
Milton held of Latin secretary to CromMarked with some act of goodness, every day ; And watched by eyes that loved him, calm, and sage,
Not dead, but flown to happier shores,
well, will account for such a discovery beFaded his late declining years away.
Prota, in those, the blessed isles,
ing made in the State Paper Office. Cheerful he gave his being up, and went
Reclined on odoriferous flowers,
Or wandering through Elysian bowers,
NEW FRENCH WORKS.
In our first number some account was Thanks for the fair existence that was his;
There shall nor heat nor cold distress, For a sick fancy made him not her slave,
Nor shall dull care afflict thy mind,
given of the prolific state of the French To mock him with her phantom miseries.
Nor shall disease thy form oppress,
drama. Their literature appears to be in a No chronic tortures racked his aged limb,
Nor shalt thou, in thy happiness,
no less promising way in other departments. For luxury and sloth had nourished none for him.
Wish for blessings left behind.
During the last year there were 6007 new And I am glad, that he has lived thus long,
Thirst nor hunger shall be there ;
works produced; being 185 more than in
Far from thence all ill be driven; And glad that he is gone to his reward;
the preceding year.
« If this progression Nor deem, that kindly nature did him wrong,
Spirits shall thy feast prepare,
should continue," says a French journalist, Softly to disengage the vital cord.
Nor thou for human lite shalt care,
" we shall soon be at a loss for readers.” When his weak hand grew palsied, and his eye
Surrounded by the blaze of heaven.
The increase of musical compositions is still Dark with the mists of age, it was his time to die.
This last line is, in the original, so exquisite, greater in proportion: in 1822 there were B. you must print it.
229; the last year 365—one a day! Mr. Editor,
Αύγαϊς εν καθαραϊσιν 'Ολυμπου πλησίον όντος. In the course of a desultory education, con
ARABIAN NIGHTS. ducted pretty much according to my own likings, I
It is well known that Galland's French have studied parts of the Greek Anthology. I had pre
INTELLIGENCE. viously read the contemptuous opinion expressed
translation of the collection of " A thousand of that work by Lord Chesterfield in his letters to
and one Nights," from which the versions
CHINESE LITERATURE. his son. I had very little reverence for his lord
into other European languages have been ship's literary taste, and on examination soon be- Ever since the treaty of peace and com- made, was so imperfect as to contain came satisfied, that it was the absence of all re- merce between China and Russia in 1728, only a small number of those celebrated semblance to the foppish affectation of his own the Russian government has maintained an tales. The public therefore will learn with style which had displeased him. The simplicity archimandrite and four ecclesiastics, with a interest that a translation is in considerable of these inscriptions (to render literally their suite of young men, at Pekin. Little has forwardness in England, of that part of this Greek name) were extremely captivating to me, been hitherto done for literature by the collection which has not yet appeared in an English dress, from a complete copy of rich soil
, produced an abundant increase. the best authorities to the present time, by the original, which the eminent oriental The principal stems were more than seven J. W. Gardner. scholar Mr Von Hammer, of Vienna, was feet in length, and about 600 tubers were The principal works used in the construc fortunate enough to obtain during his diplo- gathered from the plants—the largest of tion of the terrestrial globe, were Bowditch's matic mission to Constantinople.
which, although not arrived at their full Navigator, fifth edition; Worcester's Ga
growth, were somewhat larger than a pi- zetteer, last edition; Horsburg's East InPROFANENESS OF THE STAGE. geon's egg. Some are white, others marked dia Directory; New Edinburgh EncycloThe following quotation from an unre- with blotches of pale red or white. Their pedia, with many other authorities, and with pealed statute of the reign of James I. pro- flavour when boiled was exactly that of a the personal advice of ship masters from viding punishment for the use of profane young potato, although, in their natural various parts of the globe. language upon the stage, shows in what state, they are said to have a slightly bitter The authorities for the number and situlight a practice so prevalent, and consider taste. It is hoped that this return to the ation of the constellations on the celestial ed of so trifling importance at the present original stock of the plant, may lead to the sphere are about a century and a half later day, was then regarded.
production of some new and valuable varie- than those used for the newest English “ It is enacted, that if, at any time or ties of so important an article of food.
globes. Many catalogues of right ascension times, any person or persons, do or shall, in
and declination of the stars have been used, any stage-play, interlude, shew, May-game,
EXPLOSION OF A STEAM BOILER.
but the one strictly followed is that of Bode. or pageant, jestingly or profanely, speak or
One of the most tremendous explosions use the holy name of God, or of Jesus
TODD'S JOHNSON'S DICTIONARY. Christ, or of the Holy Ghost, or of the from steam upon record, took place at a
Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. propose to Trinity, which are not to be spoken but distillery at Lochrin in Scotland.
stereotype Chalmer's Abridgment of Todd's with fear and reverence, he or they shall boiler was intended to furnish steam of a forfeit for every such offence ten pounds, high pressure for boiling the large stills of Johnson's Dictionary of the English Lanone moiety thereof to go to the king's mathe establishment; it measured 37 feet in guage, with the pronunciation and notes
from Walker. jesty, and the other half to him that shall length, 3 feet in breadth at the bottom, 2 feet immediately under the top, and about ed in London by Chalmers. "The research
This abridgment has lately been preparsue for the same."
2 feet in height; the bottom forming a seIn 1701 Betterton and some other actors micircle, rose into the body of the boiler. es of Todd have added several thousand were indicted and fined under this act.
Its whole weight was 9 tons, of which the words to the Vocabulary of Johnson, all of ARCTIC EXPEDITIONS.
top and sides were estimated at 7 tons. which are retained in this abridgment, as This portion of the boiler was torn from the
well as many which were purposely omitted New 'expeditions are to be sent out this bottom by the explosion ; it dashed
aside by Johnson, in his own manual edition. For spring from Great Britain for the prosecu- an arched covering of brick work, pene
the sake of rendering the American edition of discoveries in the arctic regions. It trated the roof of the boiler-house, rose in tion complete, in all the parts of a manu; is said that Captain Parry in the Hecla the atmosphere to the height of seventy to it the notes and pronunciation of Walker, and Capt. Hoffner in the Fury, are to pro- feet, and then descended at a distance of ceed to explore Regent's Inlet; while the 150 feet, alighted on the roof of another
With these improvements, the proposed Griper, Capt. Lyon, proceeds to Repulse building, carried every thing before it in its edition, it is thought
, will be the most perBay, and remains there till the coast is fall, and even crushed in pieces one side of surveyed to the Cape Turnagain of Frank- a large circular vat of cast iron The
yet come before the public. It will contain, lin. This enterprising oficer (Capt. Frank- lives of two workmen only were destroy of Todd's Johnson's Dictionary, amounting
1. All the words in Chalmers' abridgment lin) also renews his toils, and is appointed ed, although the whole establishment was to go to Fort Enterprise (his old stand), and crowded with people at work.
to several thousands more than are containthence to survey the coast if possible to
ed in Johnson's original dictionary, or any
The engine at the time of the explosion Icy Cape. was supposed to be at work with a pressure Definitions of Dr. Johnson of all the words
subsequent manual dictionary. 2. The on the safety valve of only forty pounds to the square inch. This pressure might per
not subsequently inserted in the VocabulaThe Asiatic Journal for February, 1824 haps, by some mismanagement, have been ry, with the addition of every important contains a notice of the discovery in India greatly increased. Yet no probable in- Etymology; 3. The Pronunciation and
Notes of Walker. of a method of manufacturing a substance, crease of this pressure will altogether acto which has been given the name of Arti- count for the force of the explosion, since,
The whole will be published under the ficial Beeswax. It is intended as a substi- to calculate from the impetus with which particular superintendance of a diligent tute for the natural wax in the manufac- the weight of seven tons was projected, the editor, and no pains be spared to fit it for ture of candles. It is formed by a curious impulse given by the explosive force could the use both of the student of the English and ingenious process from vegetable oil. not have been less than 215 pounds upon
language and of the general reader. Candles made of it are little if at all infe- the square inch. It seems most probable rior to those made of common wax, whilst that the immediate cause of the accident, they may be afforded at a much cheaper was the unduly heated state of the end of
All publishers of books throughout the rate than even the coarsest of the ordinary the boiler next the feeding pipe; that United States, are very earnestly requested kind.
there was a defect in the supply of water, to forward to us, regularly and seasonably, by which this part was suffered to become the names of all works of every kind, pre
red hot; and that consequently upon the It has always remained a question of some sudden admission of a jet of water there paring for publication, in the press, or redoubt what part of America was the native was an extrication of a greater quantity of cently published. As they will be inserted country of the Solanum tuberosum or po- steam than could be let off by the safety in the Gazette, it is particularly desired tato. It has recently been found growing valves in season to relieve the walls of the that the exact titles be stated at length. in considerable quantities, in ravines, in the boiler from its pressure.
C. H. & Co. immediate neighbourhood of Valparaiso, in lat. 341. S. and two of the tubers have been
CAMBRIDGE : carried to Great Britain by Mr Caldcleugh, Cummings, Hilliard & Co. have just pubsecretary of the British legation at Rio lished a pair of new and original globes, con
PRINTED AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS, Janeiro. These specimens, having been structed differently from any other work of cultivated with great care and in a very l the kind now before the public, and from
HILLIARD AND METCALF.