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308 The position was selected at a distance from the tle remains for us to do, but to give some / tation, he is persuaded by his friends “ to river, as the banks of the stream are skirted with account of these their present productions. brave the tyrant's wrath." A civil commewoods in which a number of Indians were distinctly And—if we may already quote the language tion ensues, which causes Gracchus, in the seen. Our horses were staked with very short ropes, of Caius Gracchus first, with the first.” Sfth act, to take refuge in the temple of the arms were all examined and loaded afresh, six centinels placed on duty, and the rest of the party Those who have read the tragedy of Vir. Diana, whither Cornelia, with his wife and remained up ready to resist any attack ; a large ginius, or who have witnessed its perform-child, had already fled for safety. Being fire was kindled in order to apprize our companions ance on the stage, will probably be in some pursued into the sanctuary by Opimius and of our situation, and in this unpleasant uncertainty degree disappointed in the perusal of Caius his followers, the catastrophe is achieved about their fate we remained until they made their Gracchus. "We indeed observe the same by the self-effected death of Gracchus. The supply of provisions which they brought was faults, the same colloquialism bordering

on

The first passage which we select for tasted, but found inferior to the buffalo. The fat vulgarity of style, and the same weak, quotation is part of the speech of Gracchus of the elk partakes of the nature of tallow, and is hobbling attempts at blank verse; but we in favour of Vettius. much less fusible than that of other animals, so that can discern few of the redeeming beauties unless eaten very hot it consolidates and adheres to which have ensured to Virginius " its little And depositions of the witnesses.

C. Gracc. Romans! I hold a copy of the charge the mouth. The best part of the animal is the ud- bour upon the stage.” Lord Byron wrote Upon three several grounds he is arraigned. der, which, being fixed upon a forked stick; was roasted before the fire. As soon as our meal was a drama expressly for the closet, a drama First, that be strove to bring the magistracy had accompanied

us to our camp, but all withdrew production of the kind with which we are And were there here the slightest proof, myself finished, the fire was extinguished. A few Indians of more poetical power than any modern Into contempt; next, that he formed a plot, after a while except an old worthless man, who was acquainted; it was enacted by His Majes. Would bid him sheathe a dagger in his breastrecognized by several of the party, as his character ty's servants at Drury-Lane, and, to use That he conspired with enemies of Rome. one of the most impudent of the band, ceaselessly the phrase of Mr Brulgruddery, “ruined with foreigners! barbarians! to betray her! begging for tobacco, whiskey, &c. When he was past all condemption.” Mr Knowles wrote The first, I'll answer-Vettius is a Roman, told that the party had no whiskey with them, and Caius Gracchus expressly for the stage, The next, I'll answer-Vettius is a freeman, that they had given as much tobacco as they could and there perhaps it has escaped the con- And never would make compact with a slave. spare, he observed with the greatest effrontery, demnation it must receive in the closet. The last, I'll answer-Vettius loves bis country, what then can you give me?" Observing that Mr Keating was drinking out of his canteen, one of But to enable our readers to judge of its And who that loves his country would betray her! these Indians came up to him, and extended his merits and its demerits, we will give a brief But, say they, We have witnesses against him.' hand, asking for whiskey; being told that it con- sketch of its story, and then proceed to Name them!--Who stands the first upon the list? tained water, and not whiskey, he attempted to take make some extracts of its worse and its who next? A Slave-Set down a Roman Knight. the canteen, which was, however, resisted. better parts.

Who follows last? The Servant of a QuestorThe party being again safely united, Major Long

The scene is laid at Rome, in the 633d I'll place a Tribune opposite to him! considering that, if an attack was intended, it would be made a short time before daylight, determined year of the city, when Caius Gracchus (the How stand we now? Which weighs the heavier? to allow the borses to rest until midnight, when the brother of that Tiberius who had perished Their Questor's Servant, or my Tribune?-Their moon, rising, would make it pleasant and safe to some years previous in consequence of the Slave, or my Roman Knight?-Their Client, or

My Senator!--Now, call your witnesses! travel. Accordingly at that hour we resumed our seditions caused by his revival of the Agra- Marc. We'll have no witnesses ! line of march. Our preparations for departure rian law) began to exercise the power Tit. For your sake, Caius, we acquit him.

Marc. Vettius is innocent! 90 as not to be observed by the Indians at a distance, which he had acquired by his popular tal

Citizens. Ay! Ay! Ay! and 10 avoid disturbing the old man that was sleep-ents and personal courage, and, perhaps

Marc. The tribes acquit Vettius by acclamation. ing or affecting to sleep under one of our carts ; in above all, by his vehement and immoderate

Opim. Hear me, I say! the latter purpose, however, we failed; the old contempt for the Patricians, and his resist- Citizens. No! No! No! man awoke, and seeing what we were about, he

ance to all their encroachments. He is C. Grace. Their voices are against you, Opimius! left us immediately, notwithstanding, the attempt introduced in the tragedy before us, de- Flamin. To please the people we withdraw our made to amuse him with conversation until we should be ready to start; but we could not detain fending the cause of Spurius Vettius, who charge. him; we saw him walk over the prairie, and by the had been accused of treason against the Io the following, Caius transfers his own light of the moon traced his figure until he ap- state. By effecting the acquittal of Vet- fate to his brother. proached near to the river, when he disappeared in tius be increased his popularity, and the woods. This was the last Dacota whom we rendered himself more than ever obnox. Go ask the Tiber if he lives again.

C. Gracc. Tiberius lives again! Alas, my friends! ious to all the Patricians, and particu- Cry for bim to its waters! they do know lent; they are the best which we recollect move him from the city and thus nip Where they do murmur o'er him; but with all

The plates in these volumes are excel. larly to Lucius Opimius, who, to re- Where your Tiberius lies, never to live to have seen in any American book of danger in the bud,” procures his appoint. The restless chafing of their many waves, travels. And as we think illustrations of ment to the Quæstorship; and Gracchus, Cannot awake one throb in the big heart this sort add more to the value of the having informed bis mother, Cornelia, and That wont to beat so strong, when struggling for work than they can add to its cost, we his wife, Licinia, of his new bonours, sets Your liberties ! hope that Messrs Carey & Lea will be out with Opimius on his journey, and closes It was Caius, and not Tiberius, who was encouraged to pursue the same plan in the first act.

murdered by order of the consul, and whose their future publications, and that other

The second act supposes his full Quæs body was thrown into the Tiber. publishers may be induced to follow their torship to have expired, and Gracchus to The following exhibits many of the charexample.

have returned to Rome, where he is imme-acteristic faults of the author.
diately summoned before the senate and
people, to answer to the charge of treason, It is a thing lives too much out of doors;

Licinia. I do not care for greatness.
Caius Gracchus : A Tragedy, in five acts preferred against him by Opimius. Being "Tis any where but at home; you will not find it

By James S. Knowles, author of Vir- acquitted of this charge, he offers himself Once in a week, in its own house, at supper ginius. New York. 1824. 18mo. pp. 58. for, and is chosen to, the office of tribune. With the family ! Knock any hour you choose, Alasco ; A Tragedy, in five acts. By Mar. In the third act, Lucius Drusus, the col. And ask for it; nine times in ten, they'll send you

tin Archer Shee, Esq. R. A. Excluded league of Gracchus, is made the tool of Or such a one's, in quest of it! 'Tis a month from the English Stage by the authority Opimius and the senate, to turn the popu- Since Caius took a meal from home, and that of the Lord Chumberlain. New York. lar current in their favour; and Opimius Was with my brother. If he walks, I walk 1824. 18mo. pp. 86.

obtains the consulship, and prevents the re- Along with him, if I choose ; or, if I stay These two tragedies are of a very differ-election of Gracchus to the tribuneship. In Behind, it is a race 'twixt him and the time ont, and perhaps we might add, of a very the fourth act, Gracchus appears smarting And when he's back, and the door shut on him, indifferent order. The author of each is under his persecutions, and indignant at the Consummate happy in my world within, well known to the dramatic world, and lit-1 abrogation of his laws; and, after some besi- | I never think of any world without !

saw.

ume.

ion of his countenance changed every moment, but him fairy tales, and odd stories, which made him more than I expected, and I have extended it much indicated nothing more than the pleasure or pain laugh till the tears came. The punch, however, beyond what I at first designed. In this case, it which he experienced at the instant. He was re- made him so drowsy, that he could only go on is but just to increase the premium ; here are fifty markable for a habit which is usually the attendant while his wise was talking, and dropped asleep as ducats more.'— Sir,' said Mozart, with increasing of stupidity. His body was perpetually in motion; soon as she ceased. The efforts which he made to astonishment, 'who then are you ?--- That is nothhe was either playing with his hands, or beating the keep himself awake, the continual alternation of ing to the purpose ; in a month's time I shall reground with his foot. There was nothing extraor- sleep and watching, so fatigued him, that his wife turn.' dinary in bis other habits, except his extrenie fond persuaded him to take some rest, promising to Mozart immediately called one of his servants, ness for the game of billiards. He had a table in awake him in an hour's time. He slept so pro- and ordered him to follow this extraordinary pethis house, on which he played every day by him- foundly, that she suffered him to repose for two sonage, and find out who be was; but the man self

, when he had not any one to play with. His hours. At five o'clock in the morning, she awoke failed for want of skill, and returned without being bands were so habituated to the piano, that he was him. He had appointed the music-copiers to come able to trace him. rather clumsy in every thing beside. At table, he at seven, and by the time they arrived, the over- Poor Mozart was then persuaded that he was no never carved, or if he attempted to do so, it was ture was finished. They had scarcely time to ordinary being ; that he had a connexion with the with much awkwardness and difficulty. His wife write out the copies necessary for the orchestra, other world, and was sent to announce to him his apusually undertook that office. The same man, who and the musicians were obliged to play it without proaching end. He applied himself with the more from his earliest age, had shewn the greatest ex. a rehearsal. Some persons pretend that they can ardour to his Requiem, which he regarded as the pansion of mind in what related to his art, in other discover in this orerture the passages where Mozart most durable monument of his genius. While thus respects remained always a child. He never knew dropt asleep, and those where he suddenly awoke employed, he was seized with the most alarming how properly to conduct himself. The manage again.

fainting fits, but the work was at length completed ment of domestic affairs, the proper use of money,

There are few who have any fondness for appointed, the stranger returneel, but Mozart was

before the expiration of the month. At the time the judicious selection of his pleasures, and temperance in the enjoyment of them, were never vir- music and have not heard of Mozart's re- no more. tues to his taste. ''The gratification of the moment quiem. The singular circumstances attend

A host of lesser names follow the three was always uppermost with him. His mind was ing the composition of this beautiful piece great leaders. We have not room to speak so absorbed by a crowd of ideas, which rendered of music, were related in an interesting of them particularly, and shall not pretend him incapable of all serious reflection, that, during work, recently published, from which Mr to judge of the value of the scientific retake care of his temporal affairs. His father was Parker appears to have borrowed very marks which are scattered through the volwell aware of his weakness in this respect, and it largely. These facts may be fresh in the

Of its literary merits, we must say a was on this account that he persuaded his wife to recollection of many of our readers; but word or two. Among the lives, are those follow him to Paris, in 1777, his engagements not they will pardon our quoting them for the of some individuals, of whom nothing has allowing him to leave Salzburg himself. *

benefit of others, to whom they will be been printed which afforded an opportunity Mozart judged his own works with impartiality, and often with a severity, which he would not easily new. After all, perhaps there is nothing for compilation, and Mr Parker, as we prehave allowed in another person. The emperor Jo- in these circumstances so striking as the sume, in these cases claims the merit and seph II., was fond of Mozart, and had appointed him superstitious feeling which invested them abides the responsibility of authorship. In his maître de chapelle; but this prince pretended to with such fearful importance. be a dilettante. His travels in Italy had given him

these lives, such passages as this, which bea partiality for the music of that country, and the One day, when he was plunged in a profound gins the life of the late Mr T. S. Webb, may Italians who were at his court did not fail to keep reverie, he heard a carriage stop at his door. A sometimes be found. up this preference, which, I must confess, appears stranger was announced, who requested to speak to me to be well founded.

to him. A person was introduced, handsomely This gentleman was a distinguished amateur in These men spoke of Mozart's first essays with dressed, of dignified and impressive manners. 'I music, and attained a high degree of celebrity, have more jealousy than fairness, and the emperor, who have been commissioned, sir, by a man of considering been appointed the first President of the Boston scarcely ever judged for himself

, was easily carried able importance, to call upon you.' • Who is he? Handel and Haydn Society, an institution under away by their decisions. One day, after hearing interrupted Mozart.- He does not wish to be whose auspices, were laid a foundation which the rehearsal of a comic opera (die Entfuhrung aus known.' - Well, what does he want?'—'He has aspires to an eminent rank among the first of mudem Serail), which he had himself demanded of just lost a person whom he tenderly loved, and sical societies in this country. Mozart,'he said to the composer: My dear Mozart, whose memory will be eternally dear to him. He that is too fine for my ears; there are too many ful event by a solemn service, for which he requests Miss Hewitt, which we fancy it would in

And this, in the Life of Mrs Ostinelli, late is desirous of annually comineinorating this mournnotes there.'-'I ask your majesty's pardon,' replied Mozart, drily; there are just as many notes you to compose a requiem.' Mozart was forcibly some measure puzzle Mrs Ostinelli to comas there should be be. The emperor said nothing, struck by this discourse, by the grave manner in prehend precisely. and appeared rather embarrassed by the reply; but which it was uttered, and by the air of mystery in when the opera was performed, he bestowed on it which the whole was involved. He engaged to She indicates a becoming rigour of feminine the greatest encomiums.

write the requiem. The stranger continued, Em. modesty ; in the picturing of her imagination, as The time which he most willingly employed in ploy all your genius on this work; it is destined evinced in the intellectual dominion over the art, composition, was the morning, from six or seven for a connoisseur.'. 'So much the better.'-— What than an exuberant degree of enthusiastic imaginao'clock till ten, when he got up. After this, he did time do you require ?'-'A month.'—"Very well: no more the rest of the day, unless he hart to finish in a month's time I shall return.—What price do But the most remarkable among them is a piece that was wanted. He always worked very you set on your work ?? - A hundred ducats. The that which closes the biographical part of irregularly. When an idea struck him, he was not stranger counted them on the table, and disap- the volume. It is rather a suspicious cirto be drawn from it. If he was taken from the piano peared. forte, he continued to compose in the midst of his

Mozart remained lost in thought for some time; cumstance, when a gentleman, upon enterfrieods, and passed whole nights with his pen in his he then suddenly called for pen, ink, and paper, ing a room, finds it necessary to begin his havd. At other times, he had such a disinclination and, in spite of his wife's entreaties, began to write. remarks with an apology for being there. moment of its performance. It once happened that he wrote day and night, with an ardour which was bonnd to put together so many excuses to work, that he could not complete a piece till the This rage for composition continued several days; We are not able to say how far Mr Parker he put off some music which he had engaged to seemed continually to increase; but his constitufurnish for a court concert, so long, that he had not tion, already in a state of great debility, was unable for his daring, in the instance before us,

but time to write out the part which he was to perform to support his enthusiasm : one morning, he fell we have a decided opinion, that if they were himself. The emperor Joseph, who was peeping senseless, and was obliged to suspend his work. necessary, this life ought to have been omit. every where, happening to cast his eyes on the Two or three days after, when his wife sought to ted. Besides many other paragraphs, full sheet which Mozart seemed to be playing from, was divert his unind from the gloomy presages which of reasons for what he was about to do, Mr surprised to see nothing but empty lines, and said occupied it, he said to her abruptly; be is. certain Parker lays down the following eight in a to him: 'Where's your part'. Here,' replied Mo- that I am writing this Requiem for myself; it will zart, putting bis hand to his forebead.

serve for my funeral service.' Nothing could re- period of iwenty-seven lines. The same circunstance nearly occurred with re- move this impression from his mind.

To exonerate ourselves, however, from all posspect to the overture of Don Juan. It is generally As he went on, he felt his strength diminish from sible imputation of premature officiousness, or esteemed the best of his overtures; yet it was only day to day, and the score advanced slowly. The breach of delicacy; we fain would impress, on the composed the night previous to the first representa- inonth which he had fixed, being expired, the too scrupulous, our own conviction, that we ought tion, after the general rehearsal had taken place. stranger again made his appearance. I have not have sacrificed to mere punctilios so precious About eleven o'clock in the e ening, when he re found it impossible,' said Mozart, to keep my an opportunity to present to the lovers of harmony tired to his apartment, he desired his wife to make word.''Do not give yourself any uneasiness,' replied with an abstract yet grateful object of contemplahim some punchi, and to stay with him, in order to the stranger; 'what further time do you require?'- tion; to encourage bashful talent hy showing how keep him awake. She accordingly began to tell ! Another wonth. The work has interested me' much may be accomplished, where such talents

tion.

exist, without prejudice to other essential acquire. praise cannot be too high. This memoir less and unattractive. So in life, knowing we ments; to produce a powerful example in vindi concludes thus :

shall be disappointed, expectation never tires. caling the student from the charge of frivolous purWe have, therefore, a right to conclude, that as a

Next comes a sonnet of sixteen lines. suit, and in rescuing the study itself irom unmerited obloquy that mistakes its own paralizing effect for performer, she has never yet been excelled or even in the next piece our language fails benear at hand to aid us in illustrating certain posi- ing to be the word prodigy, we restore the word Latin and divers other, to us, unknown lanan extrinsic iinaginary cause; to fix upon a guide equalled by any of the same age; and that in apply: neath him, and he is put to his Greek and the weight of local prejurlices, and erroneously sup- profanation to which it has been so often subjected. guages; for example, he talks of " pure

We would notice, that in the Life of of a “roscid emerald spray," of a “hymnic

waves hyaline,” of a “velvet roseous bed," lo chetish true iaste, anıt discriminating love for the Muzio Clementi, he is said to have been strain;" but enough;-we will give a prehighest species of performance by holding up an born in 1725, to have married his first wife mium, no less than the whole volume, to our hauve town, by proclaiming of what exquisite in 1803 or 1804; -and his present wife in any one who will explain to us the meaning fruit on the tree of science it has been the nursery, 1811, and that " we close our sketch of the of this stanza. an honour, which, we venture to predict, will at no life of this extraordinary man, whom we

Beneath the ornate vestment's glow, distant time be envied by the first capitals of Europe; rejoice to see on the verge of seventy." 10 satisfy legitimate public curiosity by directing it we presume there is some mistake of the

Lurk thoughts no atortal ear can learn,

Dark dash the lava foods of wo, 10 a proper focus of vision; and to discharge our

Ah! fiery billows roll and burn; oin particular duty, in describing to the best of our press in this.

The mimic smile, like osprey's wing, abilities, (better late than never) a phenomenon,

Hides the deep death-wound of our fate, which falls so exclusively within our sphere of

The dying suan doth music fling, observation. Poems, by Sumner Lincoln Fairfield. New

On Nature's ear inanimate! Here we have, with an apology for writing York, 1823. 12mo. pp. 188.

It cannot be expected of us, that we and publishing these memoirs now, an ad- Lays of Melpomene. By Sumner L. Fair

should review severally all these poems. mission that it ought to have been done field. Portland, 1824. 12mo. pp. 72. before. On the next page it is stated that The Sisters of St Clara: A Portuguese vain an endeavour to extract a meaning as

From most of them indeed we find it as

Tale. By Sumner L. Fairfield. Portland, The first attempt to instruct her, at the age of six,

1825. 12mo. pp. 54.

from the stanza we have quoted. There is was after a few trials, abandoned as too onerous.

some reason to suppose that they were all The second, only a year after, proved decisive. When the first of these books was sent made by the patent method of which a spe. Her talents unfolded themselves with a rapidity to us sometime ago, we were so untrue to cification may be found in Gulliver's that , at the first onset, outstriped the regular pace our duty, as to determine not to notice it. to Laputa. Can any man in his senses

voyage such expeditious ease, as to render indispensable For this determination we had several rea- doubt, for instance, that the following words the intervening burthen of home instruction, which sons. We knew something of Sumner L. were put into their relative situations by lesson, and which daily increasing, made it at last feelings of the man by saying what we There's a crystalline cove hid in the deep-bosomed placed her several pages in advance of the ensuing Fairfield, and were unwilling to wound the machinery ? an act of justice to unite the credit

with the labour thought of his writings; nor did it seem hills, her own father, who found himself thus unexpect necessary, as we believed that the work Where the perch and mullet rove, and chime the edly compelled to teach, while he himself had yet had fallen “still-born from the press," and flashing rills, to learn; the piano-forte not being an instrument we hoped its failure would discourage its And dandelions blush around, and daffodils perfume on which he is a distinguished amateur, author from a second attempt. That hope

The air, and carpet o'er the ground, and love the

quiet gloom. We cannot understand this passage, un- has been disappointed; and when the other

* * * * less it means that Miss Eustaphieve learned two books were put, almost at the same There in the linden groves of peace, and where so rapidly that the ordinary masters of the moment, into our hands; when we saw that

bananas spread, art were left behind, and Mr Eustaphieve the author, by his pertinacity, was forcing When the notes of woe shall cease, I'd lay my

weary head, was compelled to learn music himself, that himself into notice; when, worst of all, we he might keep so far in advance of her perceived a disposition in some, not merely Or rove along the pebbled shore, and rear a pearly progress, as to supply her with guidance to pardon, but even to praise his produc- Where fiery billows never roar, and restal virgins and instruction,-in which case, we should tions, we thought that we ought no longer think the talents of Miss Eustaphieve came to keep silence, but do the little that we

Lest however it should be thought, that to her by inheritance. But it would seem could to protect the literature of our coun.

we have selected stanzas which are made that Miss Eustaphieve performs admirably try from the disgrace of having works like obscure by being disjoined from the context, as pianiste (to use a phrase, the invention these thrust upon the public and pass unre.

we will extract a whole piece, and appeal of which we accredit to Mr Parker-per- proved. We are sorry to be compelled to to the cominon sense of our readers, it in haps in ignorance), but she does not com- this; but feeling ourselves bound to notice the whole of it there be more meaning than pose

. In connexion with this fact, Mr Parker these books, we feel equally bound to tell in the line of Otway, which Coleridge makes the following remarks; and we re

our readers what they are.
The first of these volumes contains very Lutes, lobsters, seas of milk, and ships of amber."

quotes to illustrate his notion of delirium : gret to say, that we have so little music in our souls, that the imagery employed seems many pieces, of which some are in verse, rather forcible than exact. and some in what the author no doubt

SCALDIC SONG. meant for verse, and is introduced by a The eagle plumes her noble crest, Theseus the groping hero. and Ariadne the tute fantastic preface, from which we learn three

And seeks the dales of upper air, lar spirit leading him out of the labyrinth, present things; first, that the poems, as they are

And proudly swells her fearless breast

When gazing on the red sun there ; between the great composer and the great per called, were written at the age of nineteen; The fire-crested billow breaks loud o'er te Haai, former, and which elevates the latter far above the next, that the author would rather have And hushed is the runic wild, revelling laugh, mere mechanism of execution. Nay, a composer them condemned, than treated with con- The storm in blackness shrouds the sky, of moderate reputation is absolutely inferior to a tempt; and lastly, that he disapproves of

Save when liquid fires illume performer of rare, but acknowledged merit; as it immoral writers. One extract from the

The murky welkin--and they fly requires much less genius to constitute the one,

In forked flashes through the gloom. than seize, as does the other, the master-key of preface will serve as a specimen of Mr witchcraft, to wield the mysterious machinery, and Fairfield's prose.

The garland is streaming from the mast, to put in motion the whole mighty creation with

The loose shrouds are shiv'ring, and furies are the dark towering spirit of a Beethoven! When we gaze upon the arching and variegated

dancing, rainbow, as it displays its tinted beauties in the

And frantic sybils on the blast, We have no doubt that high praise is due deep-blue fields of ether, the fond heart of nature's

Their baleful eyes in wrath are glancing. to this lady; but in his endeavours to direct devotec throbs for a mansion in that aerial dome; public observation to “a proper focus of to its sorrow that, like the moving figures on distant but would, were its animated desires fulfilled, find O'er the wild and warring billows,

The frail bark by ice-bergs is rapidly drivensision,” Mr Parker seems to think that the arras, all the glories beaming there were cold, life- Sinks the wreck—and gelid pillows

come.

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Bear the inmates-hope is riven ;

Percy's Reliques; but comparing it with the We now proceed to pluck a few flowers But the sybil now is sailing

others around, we are compelled to believe of poetry from this last production of Mr On the fire flashing wings of the merciless storm, that Mr Fairfield wrote it in sad and sober Fairfield ; the first savours strongly of Lau

Though gale and surge are wildly wailing The last dirge of Arca, of the paragon form;

earnest ; mistaking rant for sublimity. Wera Matilda. And the beauty's golden tresses

have not space for the whole, but assure The sun's last beam of purple light Mark her form on the phosphoric billows of night, our readers that it is all alike.

Emblazons Calpe's castle height,
And, anor, a father blesses

And over Lusitania's sea
His relic of pleasure, and her guardian bright.
Night, ebon night, veils every scene

Looks with a smile of melody.
Where oft we met and mingled souls-
From some transitory gleams, a sort of
Oh, that thy smiles had never been!

Now we beg our readers to look at this, twilight of cominon sense, which glimmer- My pulse throbs wild, my mad brain rolls. and consider it well. ed in three or four pieces in the “ Poems,"

The last beam of the sun's purple light

A burst of moonlight feeling gleams it seemed possible that Mr Fairfield, whose

O'er my fond heart's magnolia bower,

looks with a smile of melody over Lusitazeal was very apparent, might in time But niemory ’mid the bright flowers screams,

nia's sea. What in the name of nonsense come to write tolerable poetry. On the While Love weeps o'er the parting hour. is “ looking with a smile of melody ? sight of the “ Lays of Melpomene," we O'er life's perspective, dim and dun,

And many a strain is heard from far abandoned this supposition; the sucking

No gilding rays of orient glow,

Of wandering lover's sweet guitar, butterflies, spoken of in the following ex- My soul's gem-star, my fancy's sun,

And in the songs he fondly sings tract quite overcame us, and we cordially Burns lurid in the vaults of woe.

His glowing heart finds rainbow wings,

Which bear his soul's devoted love joined the author in the exclamation at the Down-winged sylphs no longer dye

To her who would his honour prove. close.

The pale dead rose of buried love; To gain a name, and he the thing the world The air-wove forms of transport's eve

This we presume is highly metaphoricMimics and mocks, delights in and deludes,

Float not o'er sorrow's cypress grove.

al, but its meaning is too deep for us to

fathom.
Dooms to despair, and destines for the fane
Of fame ; to feel the butterflies of earth
Upon cerulean pinions borne,

Within whose solitary cells
Sucking the essence of almighty thought

'Mid opal waves of spheral light,

Tearless despair forever dwells,
To sate and gorge themselves withal ;-to be
O'er my dark spirit, lost, forlorn,

And sin, beneath devotion's name,

Comes one dear shade of dead delight.
The vassal camel of a mental waste

Reposes in its sacred shame,
Toiling for things detestable, who love
This is exquisite; we have read “ Drury's

While deeds unweened by him of hell
To goad with gilded lances creatures formed
Dirge all over, and can find but two

Are done in murder's fatal cell. To elevate their honour, and to hear

This doubtless means that worse things Groans wrung from bleeding hearts:-to toil and stanzas which make even an approach to sigh

Mr Fairfield's splendour of diction and were done in the convent than the devil 'Mid vigils of strained thought, and feel the breath clearness of thought as above exemplified, ever thought of. Of waking nature stealing o'er the fires We will quote them, and our readers may

Feelings suppressed and thoughts untold Or the hot brain, and hear the morning air compare the first of them with the first

Flowed silently, like liquid gold, Chant matin minstrelsy to hopeless woe,

O'er her fond heart, while virtue's sun Mocking the spirit's ear; to look abroad stanza of Mr Fairfield, and the second with

Threw glory o'er them as they run. O'er earth and heaven, and weave in sunny web the fourth stanza extracted.

* * * * Thoughts pure and delicate, conceptions high, Clouds of amber, dreams of gladness,

Oh, spirits that sail on the moonlight sea Creations glorious, and fancies rich,

Dulcet joys and sports of youth,

Should have thoughts as vast as eternity, Threads spun in paradise and knit and linked

Soon must yield to haughty sadnessBy magic skill of mighty intellect;

And feelings as pure and happy as those Mercy holds ihe veil of Truth.

Rainbow-winged birds who can dwell in a rose, To think, toil, fancy thus, and yet to know That we but frame an Eden for base worms,

* * * *

For hearts full of grief, oh, never can be Serpents of venoin, reptiles foul, and things Hark! what soft Eolian numbers,

Fond of sailing alone on a moonlight sea. Beneath all name—'tis vile, oh, very vile!

Gem the blushes of the morn ;

We are not so well acquainted with natural In many passages of this work we have Break, Amphion, break your slumbers,

history as Mr Fairfield, but we believe we been reminded of two noted productions ;

Nature's ringlets deck the thorn.

have seen these birds ;-we always called to wit, Nat. Lee's elegiac verses, which he One more parallel and we are done. them rose-bugs; but though their wings be used to recite with much pomp of enuncia

Who—who can bear a rapier smile?

streaked, it would require

very poetical tion in Bedlam, and the Dirge of Drury, by A kiss that dooms the soul to death?

fancy to see the hues of the rainbow upon Laura Matilda, in the “ Rejected Address- The anguish of illuding guile ?

them. We have been at the pains to mark The nectar upas of the breath?

Twas soft Campania's evening hour, a few parallel passages for the satisfaction

Lays of Melpomene, p. 40.

And earth and heaven were scas of light, of our readers. Lee's verses, if we reWhere is Cupid's crimson motion ?

And Zulma in her rose-wove bower member rightly, began something in this

Billowy ecstacy of wo?

Sate gazing on the horizon bright,
Bear me straight, meandering ocean,

Where white clouds float and turn to gold, wise ;

Where the stagnant torrents flow !

Like garments in campeachy rolled, Oh that my lungs would bleat like buttered peas,

Drury's Dirge. And fancy pictures angel pinions And e'en with frequent bleatings bura and itch,

We must necessarily be short in our no

Far waving o'er those high dominions. And grow as turbid as the Irish scas, To engender whirlwinds for a working witch !

tice of the “Sisters of St Clara.” Such of Here again we are surpassed in chemical And Mr Fairfield, in more passages than our readers as have read the “ Blank Book knowledge, as in other branches of science, we have room for, writes thus,

of a Spall Colleger," of which we gave a by Mr Fairfield. We thought at first that

notice a few numbers back, may remember as logwood was brought from Campeachy, Methinks there is a nighty power withia My spirit, that I feel such glorious thoughts

a story told there of two Portuguese Nuns. and logwood made a blackish dye, it was an Roll like sun-billows o'er my swelling brain,

We did not think that the best story in the oversight of our author, and the lines should The World, unthinking things, would call me mad! book, nor the best told. Such as it is, how- run thus, * * * ever, Mr Fairfield has thought fit to do it

Like garments in Brazil wood rolled ;
But Night, at man's onholy madness wroth, into verse, by which process, it is absolute-
And started at his wassailry, arose

ly undone. The story is a short one; two From her dark couch and shrieked so fearfully nuns attempted to elope from a convent

Like clothes in Nicaragua rolled ; To heaven that angels on each other gazed one succeeded and the other was taken. but upon reflection, we concluded not to In deep astonishment.

One was killed for the breach of her vow, offer our emendation, lest we should have Had we met with the poem from page 36, and her lover kills himself on the occasion; the mortification of hearing that Mr to p. 40, of the Lays of Melpomene, any and the other dies of grief because her lover Fairfield had a patent for extracting yelwhere else, we should have thought it to be would not marry her, and he dies of grief low from a preparation of Campeachy an imitation of some of the mad-songs in because she died.

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We must stop here, pressed both by time lished variations of the verbs of that lan-, tion. Every auxiliary does it in the same space. It is with feelings of regret that we guage.

degree. Some of them require the omission have thus performed our duty to the public Our grammars inform us, that “ Moud is of the particle to, but it is still understood in exposing the waste of time, paper, and a particular form of the verb, showing the or implied in the sense of the verb, whether printers' iok, consumed in these works. It manner in which the being, action, or pas expressed or not. is with feelings the reverse of aught un- sion is represented.” Mr Murray attempts Now it is certain that the above exam. friendly, that we beseech Mr Fairfield to to explain the nature of a mood, by saying, ples and a great number of others, do not write no more verses. Can it be probable, that "it consists in the change which the come under the definition of any of the five that he will ever gain fame by it, and is it verb undergoes, to signify the various in- moods; and yet they are as distinct in their not squandering what little talent he may tentions of the mind, and various modifica- character as important in their signification, possess in a pursuit worse than vain? iftions and circumstances of action.” and of as frequent occurrence, as those which there be any thing that he can do of use to

A moment's consideration will show any are included under the common enumeration himself and society, let him turn himself to grammarian, that English verbs are not va of moods. If the reader will pursue this inthat ere it be too late; a poet, we may sure- ried to express these varieties of intention quiry, he will find that the five moods defined ly say, without exposing ourselves to a and action. The verbs of many other lan. in our grammars, do not express half of the charge of presumptuous prophecy, he will guages are varied. but in English, they ad- - various intentions of the mind,” and he never be, until his intellectual nature be mit of scarcely any change. To save the cannot fail of remarking, that the verb wholly changed.

trouble of proving this, we request those undergoes little or no change in expressing who are interested in the inquiry, to go any of them.

through the conjugation of a regular verb, In the next place, we say, that modes of ERRORS OF THE PRESS.

and to mark all the changes which it admits. action are not denoted by the five moods of

In naming the second person singular, we the verb. I walk, walk, I may walk, if I In the first column of the article upon recommend that the familiar style be sub- walk, to walk, express do modes of the acBuchanan's Sketches of the North American stituted for the solemn, or Quaker style. tion of walking. This is so plainly a matter Indians, in our last number but one, the word The only variation which has any claim to of fact, that every grammarian must see it

. be called a mood, is in the termination of The “modifications and circumstances of ac“Miltiades” is printed for “ Mithridates.” | the third person singular of the indicative tion” are commonly expressed by adverbs, We may mention, as an amusing coincidence, present; where we say, he lovelh or loves, or by nouns and prepositions: as I walk that precisely the same mistake occurs on

instead of love. Let the abettors of the fast, I walk with rapidity; he speaks fuentthe 66th page of the American edition of present system make the most of this soli- |ly, he speaks with energy; he lives in a very

tary variation; it will furnish them but an unhappy situation. Medwin's Conversations of Lord Byron. incompetent and ludicrous reason for all Our last assertion was, that the changes In that instance, Byron is supposed to be their display of the conjugation of the verb and modifications of being, intention, and through five moods.

action, supposed to be expressed by either speaking of the individuals, and converts

If it were true that the five moods, as of the five moods, as formed by the common the Athenian commander into the Pontic formed with the help of auxiliaries, express auxiliaries, are frequently expressed by the monarch, by the same error, which, in our all “ the various intentions of the mind,” other moods with equal precision. We might

and all “ the various modifications and cir- add, that they are still more frequently dereview, miscalls Professor Adelung's great cumstances of action ;” or if they expressed noted by other forms of expression, which work.

nearly all these circumstances of intention do not come under the definition of either of We would also notice the omission of the and action, leaving only trifling exceptions; the moods.

we should then admit that they ought to be Take, for example, the following senproper signature, “İ,” to “The Gladiator,” retained in treatises on philosophical gram- tence. I think that I shall walk. This is in the same number.

mar. But the more we seek for any ground in the indicative mood; but it is equally in the philosophy of language for this divi- well expressed by the infinitive, I espect

sion into moods, the more apparent it will to walk, or I purpose to walk, or I intend MISCELLANY.

be, that no such ground exists. If the reader to walk. So the imperative, walk, is eswill be patient enough to follow us in the in- pressed by the indicative, you

shall walk; quiry, we shall endeavour to show that very by the infinitive, I command you to walk; ON THE COMMON SYSTEMS OF ENGLISH few of the common modes of intention and and by the potential, you must walk in

action are definitely expressed by what are stantly. These examples might be multiNo. IV.

termed the five moods of verbs; and that plied indefinitely. In like manner, I can

those modes of intention and action which walk signifies no more nor less than, I have Ix a previous number, we promised to either of the several moods of verbs is sup- the ability to walk ; the verb is the same in resume the subject of moods and tenses. It posed to denote, are very frequently ex- both cases; and can it be pretended, that was our intention to offer some criticisms pressed by the other moods with equal pre- the use of different auxiliaries changes the on the systems advanced in our grammars, cision. In the first place, let us inquire, mood, while the sense and form of the verb encyclopædias, and philosophical treatises; whether the various intentions of the mind remain the same? If so, what is the meanbut a critical examination of them, which are designated by the several moods of verbs. ing of mood ? we made some time ago, afforded so little Take, for example, the verb walk. By which We do not see that any thing needs to useful information, and so few principles of the moods are the following dispositions be added against the common division and which we could esteem as correct, that our of the mind expressed ? I desire to walk; I definition of English moods; for, if we misJabour of reading was followed by a degree expect to walk ; I am afraid to walk ; I think take not, we have analyzed them fairly, of disgust which we know not how to over- of walking; I hope to walk. These are par- and shown, that English verbs have no come; and we feel incapable of repeating ticular affections, dispositions, and intentions moods in form, that is, by variations of the the drudgery with any advantage to our of the mind, in relation to the action, signi- verh, and that the ideas and intentions which selves or others. The most, therefore, that fied by the term walk; and they are dis- verbs express, have an almost infinite num. we shall attempt, will be to illustrate and tinctly expressed by the aid of auxiliaries. ber of modes, which are not comprebended apply the principle which we formerly In the first example, for instance, the verb under the definition of any of the five moods. stated,—that the number of moods and desire is the auxiliary; and why is it not as We shall leave the subject here, till we tenses which should be recognised in the suitable an auxiliary as can or may? It may learn some good reason for resuming it;grammar of any language, is so many as be said, that desire changes the verb to the reserving our remarks on tenses for another are expressed by the regular and estab. infinitive mood. But this is a mere decep-number.

W.

GRAMMAR.

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