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edge of those tongues (the French and / with Questions for examination, with addiItalian), and an ignorance of our own." tional Notes and Illustrations, a Frontis

A knowledge of other languages is truly piece representing the Solar System, &c. ENGLISH TEACHER AND EXER.

desirable, and the acquisition of them &c., being a greatly improved edition. By CISES.

ought, in a proper degree, to be encourag- the Rev. J. L. Blake. CUMMINGS, Hilliard, & Co. No. 134 Washed by all friends of improvement; but it is Alger's Murray, being an Abridgement ington street (No. 1 Cornhill], have for devoutly to be wished, by every friend to of Murray's Grammar, in which large adsale, new editions of these neai and valua- the interests of our country and of English ditions of Rules and Notes are inserted ble School Books.

literature, that American youth would show from the larger work. The English Teacher contains all the a zeal, in this respect, exemplified by the The English Teacher, being Murray's Rules, Notes, and important Observations matrons of ancient Rome; and, like them, Exercises and Key, placed in opposite colin Murray's large Grammar, which are in- suffer not the study of foreign languages to umns, with the addition of rules and obsertroduced in their proper places, and united prevent, but strictly to subserve the culti- vations from the Grammar;-an admiwith the Exercises and Key in perpendicu-vation of their own.

rable private learner's guide to an accurate lar collateral columns, which show intui. It is confidently believed that the Eng. knowledge of the English language, and tively both the errors and corrections lish Teacher and Exercises are excellently also an assistant to instructers. By T. through all the exercises in Orthography, adapted to produce a radical improvement Alger, jr. Syntax, Punctuation, and Rhetorical con- in this very important department of Eng- Murray's Exercises; a new and improve struction.

lish education. With these aids, individu- ed stereotype edition, in which references The Exercises form a neat 18ino volume and pupils, with a little instruction in are made, in the Promiscuous Exercises, to of 252 pages, on good paper and neat type, parsing, may alone become not only profi- the particular rules to which they relate. for the particular use of pupils in schools; cients, but skilful and just critics, in one of Also for sale, the School Books in generand being a counterpart to the Teacher, the most copious and difficult of all lan- al use. corresponds to it in design and execution. guages, our own,

*** In issuing the above works, it has The Key is left out of this volume for the Feb. 1.

been the object of the publishers to elevate purpose of giving the scholar an opportuni

the style of School Books in typographical ty of exercising his judgment upon the ap- VALUABLE SCHOOL BOOKS,

execution; and they cherish the expecta. plication of the rules, without a too ready

tion that instructers and school committees and frequent reference to the key. PUBLISHED and for sale by LINCOLN & will, on examination, be disposed to patron

The Promiscuous Exercises in each of EDMANDS, 59 Washington-street (53 Corn- ise them. the four parts of False Grammar, in both hill.]

Feb. 1. volumes, kave figures, or letters of the al- Walker's School Dictionary, printed on phabet, introduced, referring to the partic- a fine paper, on handsome stereotype plates.

JUST PUBLISHED, ular rule or principle by which nearly eve- The Elements of Arithmetic, by James ry individual correction is to be made. Robinson, jr.: an appropriate work for BY R. P. & C. Williams, 79 WashingGreat care and vigilance have been exer- the first classes in schools.

ton-street, Boston, cised to prevent defects of the press in The American Arithmetic, by James A Letter from a Blacksmith to the Minthese editions, as well as to correct the nu. Robinson, jr.; intended as a Sequel to the isters and Elders of the Church of Scotmerous errors which have found their way Elements. This work contains all the gen- land, in which the manner of Public Worinto the various editions of these works eral rules which are necessary to adapt it ship in that Church is considered, its inconnow in circulation. There can be no baz- to schools in cities and in the country, em-veniences and defects pointed out, and ard in saying, that there is no American bracing Commission, Discount, Duties, An- methods for removing them humbly proedition, either of Murray's Exercises or nuities, Barter, Guaging, Mechanical Pow. posed. Key, so correct as the English Teacher, ers, &c. &c. Although the work is put at Be not rash with thy mouth, and let not thine and the Boston “ Improved Stereotype Edi- a low price, it will be found to contain a heart be hasty to utter any thing before God, for tion of the English Exercises."

greater quantity of matter than most of God is in heaven, and thou upon earth : therefore These very neat and handsome school the School Arithmetics in general use.

let thy words be few. Eccl. v. 2. manuals will perform much service, save The Child's Assistant in the Art of Read the understanding also. ' 1 Cor. xiv. 15.

I will pray with the spirit, and I will pray with much time, and furnish teachers, private ing, containing a pleasing selection of easy

From a London edition. For sale as learners, and schools with those facilities readings for young children. Price 124 which will enable the attentive and induscents.

above, and by the booksellers throughout

the United States. trious student to trace with precision, The Pronouncing Introduction, being pleasure, and profit, the great variety of Murray's Introduction with accents, calcu

This work is published on common paprinciples, which, like the muscles of the lated to lead to a correct pronunciation.

per, and sold at a cheap rate for distribubody, spread themselves through the Eng. The Pronouncing English Reader, being bind, and match other elegant books.

tion; also on fine five dollar paper, to lish language. Murray's Reader accented, divided into

Feb. 1. It is to be regretted that so few fully un- paragraphs. Enriched with a Frontispiece, derstand the grammatical and accurate exhibiting Walker's illustration of the Inconstruction of their own language. There flections of the Voice. The work is printed

WELLS & LILLY, is a fashion already too prevalent in our on a fine linen paper, and solicits the pub- HAVE in press, and will shortly publish, country, which has long obtained in Eng- lic patronage.

A New Digest of Massachusetts Reports. land, particularly among the superior class- Adams' Geography; a very much approv- By Lewis Bigelow, Counsellor at Law. The es of society, and which has by no means ed work, which has passed through numer- work will embrace all the Reports now pubbeen conducive to a general and extensive ous editions. With a correct Atlas.

lished, and will be otherwise improved in cultivation of the English language. The Temple’s Arithmetic, with additions and several important particulars. subject of allusion is an extravagant predi- improvements. Printed on fine paper. lection for the study of foreign languages, Eighth edition.

EVENINGS IN NEW ENGLAND. to the neglect of our own, a language The Pronouncing Testament, in which which by us should be esteemed the most all the proper names, and many other Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. have just pubuseful and valuable of all. This extrava- words, are divided and accented agreeably lished, and have for sale, gance has been justly censured by Mr Wal-to Walker's Dictionary and Classical Key ; Evenings in New England; intended for ker in the following remark. “We think,” -peculiarly suited to the use of Schools. Juvenile Amusement and Instruction. By says he, "we show our breeding by a knowl. Conversations on Natural Philosophy, l an American Lady.

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HILLIARD AND METCALF.

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THE UNITED STATES LITERARY GAZETTE.

Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. No. 1 Cornhill, Boston.-Terms, $5 per annum, payable in July.
Vol. I.
BOSTON, FEBRUARY 16, 1826.

No. 21.

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REVIEWS
make it prudent to tempt their forbear- | Maria, whose original flame has revived,

while Lord Umberdale returns to England

We drop these intimations, upon the with the willow. Tales of an American Landlord; containing principle of the economy of preventive Such is a general outline of the story, Sketches of Life south of the Potomac.

measures, for the benefit of our imaginative which we cannot think very interesting. New York. 1824. 2 vols. 8vo.

countrymen and country women; desiring We are too well experienced in the conWe read American novels, and indeed them in a friendly way, to lay it to heart, - trivances of novelists, to be much enterAmerican works of any kind, with a deter- especially the latter. We are indeed too tained by complicated plots and incognito mination to be as well pleased, and to think chivalrous, knowingly, to war with the fair heroes. With respect to the individual and speak as well of them as our taste and sex; but the ladies, in these cases, do not characters, we think Colonel Berkley's conscience will permit, and hold it but a always favour us with their names, and we, conversion improbable, while his son is at venial error, to allow ourselves to be a little on our part, make no pretensions to the best an object of very cool approbation. unduly biassed in favour of home manufac- spiritofdivination. Thus, it may chance, that Mrs Belcour manauvres, as the mother in tures. We feel reluctant, therefore, to pass in belabouring some offending wearer of the the novels of all ages has maneuvred, but an unfavourable judgment on the work be- cloak of darkness our lashes may fall upon with little spirit and little ingenuity; the fore us. We think the author has read and forms no way calculated to endure them, and daughters are good girls enough, but nothadmired the novels of the Scottish Unknown, shatter nerves which nature never strung ing more; Mr Courtal is a very unsuccesstill he has persuaded himself (no uncommon for rude encounters. We advise the fair ful attempt to imitate Counsellor Pleydell; mistake, by the way,) that he is able to write authors, therefore, in all cases, to let a little and the clergyman is a caricature, which something of the same kind; but, if we may of the blue investment peep out from beneath bears as much likeness to life as caricatures judge by this specimen, he has assuredly the sable coverture ;-just to make patent generally do. mistaken his vocation. It is not enough to so much of an azure instep, as will enable But the principal objection to this work, be delighted with the works of the novelist us to account satisfactorily to our readers, is the perpetual and undisguised attempt at of the North, nor even to have them by for our mansuetude in the cases supposed imitation. Almost every sentence is framed heart. There are many readers in the same The leading characters, in these Tales, so as to remind us of the god of the author's case, who have never suspected themselves are Colonel Berkley, a profane man of the idolatry. We mean every original sentence, of possessing the ability to imitate the ob- world; his son George, a religious young for we might almost call the work a cento, jects of their admiration; as there are others, man; an old methodist preacher; Mrs Bel- so abundant are the quotations from Scott, who, notwithstanding a secret feeling, that cour, and her two daughters, Maria and Shakspeare, and others. It should have they are not altogether inadequate, content Eliza; Lord Umberdale, an English noble- been considered, that, though an occasional themselves with imagining the ease of an man; Mr Arley, his brother, a dissipated quotation or allusion, like a jewel judiciously attempt which they never have, por ever spendthrift; Mr Courtal, a lawyer; Colonel placed, may set off what would be agreeable will make, and live and die in the conscious- Hopewell, an old soldier; and Marmaduke without it; a profusion of ornaments adds ness, that they could astonish and delight Scott, a Scotch clergyman.

nothing to beauty, and renders homeliness the world, if they would.

Miss Eliza Belcour is contracted by her only more remarkable; and that, while Now and then it happens, however, as parents, in her ipfancy, to George Berkley, memory may assist talents, and reading in the present instance, that the amateur whom she has never known, and of course minister to invention,-they can seldom shakes off that wholesome disposition to dislikes. She falls in love with an unknown conceal their defects, and never supply procrastination, which has protected the young gentleman, who turns out to be George their places. reading community from many a volume, Berkley, in time to reconcile her duty and We object further to the offence against which, like Basil's Journal, only waited inclination. Her sister, in like manner, poetical justice, in the dénouement of the for to-morrow ; shuts his eyes to the gives her heart to the Honourable Mr Arley, tale; Lord Umberdale is despatched in sor. dangers, which lurk behind the periodical who, having disencumbered himself of his row, and Arley carries off the prize, for presses of the tinc; ventures to put forth property in England, and, flying from the which both contended. Whether marriage, his twin volumes in fair paper covers, blue, terrors of the law at home, appears in with the object of one's affection, be the most yellow, or marble, as the case may be, and America under the assumed name of Percy, valuable blessing and reward offered in this waits, in trembling anxiety, to see from associates himself with a gang of sharpers, sublunary scene, or not, is a question about what quarter the critic is to spring upon and lays siege to the affections and fortune which opinions differ materially. The afbis literary offspring. In general, the of Miss Belcour. Some remains of honour firmative, however, is pretty generally adAmerican author escapes easily. The public protect her from the consequences of this mitted in Utopia, of which country the read and forget, bis friends praise, and the plot, and it is afterwards discovered to her characters, and, by courtesy, the writers reviewer lays a patriotic and gentle band by an accident, which consigns Mr Arley of novels, must be considered citizens. To upon the harmless ephemera. These are to temporary confinement. In the mean this reward, therefore, the nobleman, who is halcyon days for poets and tale-tellers; but time, Lord Umberdale appears on the stage, represented as uniformly virtuous, had the they should remember, that they hold their seeking his dissipated brother. In the course clearest title, and it is at once contrary to privileges by a precarious tenure; that the of his search, he meets, and becomes enam- the law of the land alluded to, and in opposinationality of critics is but a broken reed to oured of Maria,,who transfers her regard tion to the dictates of the moral sense of any rest upon; that the nature of these animals / to him, with a facility which can hardly be land, to award it to one, whose only claim is not longsuffering; and that, however excused by his personal likeness to her for- is founded on good feelings whose dictates gentle and playful they may appear in mer suitor. Before an actual declaration bave been generally disregarded, and a particular circumstances, their disposition takes place, circumstances bring the broth- recent conversion which may possibly be to rend a hapless scribbler, is a too well crs in contact; a reconciliation is the result; permanent. We mention another objection authenticated trait in their character, to Mr Arley repents, reforms, and marries with considerable hesitation. It is founded

on the religious character of the work. We gun,' my horse, who, I assure you, has taken a purely mental; and that, with regard to allude to this with reluctance, because there sweepstakes in his time, limped as if he bad been the mind and its operations, people were are few things more suspicious than a zeal shot. It was enchantment—it could not be else." against supposed mistaken opinions in reli- Percy, laughing, what necromantic sage hath different to the analytic method, as if Ba.

Can you form any rational conjecture, sain content to grope on in the old way, as ingion. An attack upon forms sometimes played you so foul a trick ?"

con had never thought nor written. But conceals, and, what is nearly as important, Yes, truly,' replied Mr Courtal; “some sage nothing, we presume, would strike this is often supposed to conceal an unfriendly Urganda, who had erewhile been the guardian of father of experimental philosophy with feeling, or at least a want of regard to the Amadis de Gaul, or Don Belianis of Greece, or substance. Our remarks on this head must the mountain-fellows that went about righting of common consent, bis method had been ex

Fleximarte of Hyrcania, or haply Beldonivos of more astonishment than the fact, that, by therefore be brief, and, we trust, will not be wrongs and redressing of grievances, and behanged cluded from the process of instruction; misunderstood.

to them, without submitting the cases to trial by that where he might have expected his We are of opinion, that one of the objects jury-envious of the happiness of one, whose vo- views to be best appreciated and most of this work is to recommend certain relig- cation it is to stop, such unlawful and irregular readily embraced, and where they could ious views and feelings, concerning the bene. modes of administering justice-hath played me this prank.'

most speedily and effectually have accomfit and ultimate tendency of which, men think * But be serious, Mr Courtal,' said Maria, 'and plished a revolution in the history of human very differently; and that works of imagina- tell me how you lost sight of me.'

knowledge, they had been treated with the tion are out of their place on such debateable • If I were to be as serious as a man with a gray utmost neglect. ground. There is a great deal, and we hope mare in his house-(out upon all gray mares, I say,

To be satisfied that our statement of the it is the most important part of our religion, of my tale. My horse went unaccountably lame, case is no exaggeration, one has but to about which the wise and good of all sects and on entering the wood I found I had lost you. cast a glance at the method of instruction and parties are agreed, and the necessity A young cockatrice of a boy-(I trust I may see the adopted in most of our schools, and develand benefit of which should be enforced, or lying limb of Satan before a grand jury some day or oped in most school books. With a few insinuated, in any way that has any chance other)-gave me a wrong direction, which led me, exceptions, very lately introduced, the of being effectual ; but we think it a ques. crossed, and cut, and slashed by ditches half

drained.

ere I was aware, to a piece of swampy ground, learner is first presented with a general or tionable policy to diminish this chance, by In short, after having been stained with the varia- synthetic view of the science he is study, shackling what is undisputed, with any tion of an hundred mudholes, I at length got through, ing, and afterwards with the particulars of thing, of which the utility is matter of and by mere good luck made my way to this house which it consists; a course which comserious controversy.

pelted indeed by the pitiless storm—but, finding you pletely inverts the order of our quotation Our readers may expect, after this long safe, most incomparable lady, I have only to add, from Bacon. discussion, that we should offer some illus- “ begone, my cares, I give you to the wind."

Let others think as they may, we have, tration of our opinions in the shape of ex

The words marked by italics, in this ex- for our own part, no hesitation in avowing tracts. With this demand, however reason- tract, which many of our readers will recog- our conviction, that, in the business of inable, we find some difficulty in complying, dise as those of Counsellor Pleydell, are struction, days and years of valuable time since our objections are of such a general not distinguished in the novel by marks of are commonly mispent in following the nature, that their force is to be estimated quotation. This liberty can only be de- course prescribed by systematized error, by a perusal of the whole, or a large part fended by considering the Scottish novels and that the true method of teaching is but of the work, rather than by that of insu- as standing on the same ground with Shak- dawning upon us. We are sanguine enough, lated portions. One selection, however, we speare, or other acknowledged classics-an however, to believe that the light which is shall make, as it serves to illustrate our

assumption which we can hardly admit, at now glimmering upon this subject, will criticism on the character of Mr Courtal. so early a period of their immortality.

soon cast a fuller radiance; and wben this The reader will understand that Miss Bel

shall be, what improvements, what discovecour has been run away with by a mare,

ries in science, may we not expect from whom the lawyer had incautiously pur- Suggestions on Education; relating partic- minds which, from their first glimpses of chased, and still more incautiously recomularly to the Method of Instruction com- knowledge up to their highest acquirements

, mended for her riding. She has been

monly adopted in Geography, History, have been trained and formed by the disrescued from a perilous situation by Percy,

Grammar, Logic, and the Classics. New

cipline of analysis ? with whom she is found in a cottage by Mr

Haven. 1823.

We would not, however, be understood Courtal; who expresses his relief at the “ We should then have reason to hope well as saying that the synthetic method is usediscovery in strong terms, to which she re- of the sciences, when we rise, by continued less, far from it. Synthesis is an excelplies as follows.

steps, to inferior axioms, and then to the mid-lent, an indispensable thing in its place; 'I am safe, quite safe,' said the young lady, dle, and only at last to the most general.” that is to say, as the best method of recascarcely less affected than himself, at beholding an We have repeatedly intimated our belief, pitulating and reviewing what we have emotion so unexpected : 'I was so fortunate as to that the spirit of this remark of Bacon's was learned, -pot however as the best way to leap off at a spot where I found this gentleman, intended, by its illustrious author, to have an acquire knowledge. Every treatise intendby whose polite attention I have escaped exposure application coextensive with human knowl- ed for the communication of knowledge to to this storm.'

*The gentleman,' said Mr Courtal, endeavouring edge. He never meant that analysis the young, should no doubt contain a sydto recover his usual manner, 'was in luck. Well, should be restricted to the science of mat- thetic view of its subject; but this view this is his day-another may be mine. He will ter, and excluded from that of mind. Could should follow, and not precede the analysis, mark it, I doubt not, with a white stone, though I that venerable lawgiver in philosophy rise -it should be found at the end, and not at the never yet knew these speluncam Dido, dur et from the stillness of his grave, and look beginning of the book. For a specimen of There are no limbs broke, yet there may be a upon the occupations of scientific men of this arrangement, we might refer our readbreaking of something else-eh, Percy!'

. our day, he would, we imagine, be fully as ers to the Latin Grammar, published by the Mr Percy said, with gravity, he hoped there was much puzzled as pleased. He would find author of the pamphlet now beiore us, and nothing to apprehend.

that, whilst his method of investigation was reviewed in the Gazette for October 1st. • Oh, 1 dlare believe, on second thoughts, there is extolled to the highest, his track in the In that work, an analysis of every depart. find a heart that will break as a glass that will not. paths of science professedly followed with ment of Latin grammar is first given ; and,

Mr Percy made an unsuccessful effort to smile undeviating constancy, his name adorned at the end of every part, and at the concluat this sally, and then asked how it happened Mr with every epithet of human eloquence, sion of the whole, is an interrogatory sys. Courtal lost sight of the lady.

and his memory almost worshipped, his thesis. This is the natural and untramel. • By enchantment,' said Mr Courtal ; .which, if any gentleman, knight, or even 'squire denies

, 1 authority was really acknowledged in but led order of the mind, in the acquisition of appeal him to the combat. Why, sir, when the one department; that, whilst his sway was knowledge. The subject is, in the first witch of a mare which Miss Belcour' rode, flew updisputed in natural science, there was place, reduced to its simplest parts: these away, as Pindar says, light as a bullet from a the utmost aversion to it in whatever is are studied, one by one; and when the

4

not.

science has been, in this way, thoroughly mind is accessible to instruction, and where objects commends a similar course of lessons. We analyzed, to arrange the whole matter syn. are accessible to the mind.

are fully convinced that it would be much thetically, is a useful exercise both of the Geography is the first branch of educa- more entertaining and useful to the scholjudgment and of the memory. In a word, tion to which the author would apply “a ars of all our schools, to begin with the we believe analysis to be the only true more practical and interesting method of history of Boston, instead of the origin of method of acquiring knowledge, whether instruction."

the human race, the origin of society, and the learner is a child or a philosopher, and

On the existing plan of instruction in this branch, the other remote topics usually discussed at synthesis the best and the easiest way of a book professedly simplified to the capacity of the commencement of a course of general retaining what is acquired.

children, is put into the hands of the young begin- history. In Blair's “ Mother's Catechism," We have been led into these remarks by per: He opens it for his first lesson, and finds it we have a good specimen of the plan rethe pamphlet before us.

The title page of begin with a view of the universe, or an exposition commended, applied to the instruction of the essay will show that the contents are

terms which are of course utterly unintelligible to very young children. of a very miscellaneous character,--perhaps him; and when bis lesson is got and recited, he too much so. It would have been better knows just as little of practical geography as befor the author to have restricted himself fore. There are two positive objections to this A Musical Biography: or, Sketches of the

Lives and Writings of Eminent Musical to the advantages of the analytic method, mode of instruction. Ii degrades the operations of

the mind into mere unmeaning rote. It opposes in the sciences on which he touches. Still, the great principles of scientific research, which

Characters. Interspersed with an Epitome we like to see practical remarks in any are acknowledged in every other mental pursuit.

of Interesting Musical Matter. Collated

and compiled by John R. Parker. Bosform, on a subject so important; and some It is, in fact, nothing but an adherence to the ex.

ton. 1825. 8vo. pp. 250. of those which are presented in this pam- ploded system which made a knowledge of generals phlet may be very useful in places where a sure key to the understanding of particulars.

We need not the weighty authority of Dr education has not attained even to the de- The plan suggested by the author is too Johnson to persuade us, that no kind of gree of practical excellence which it has long for insertion mit amounts however, to reading is so generally interesting as biogin our vicinity. We will confine ourselves

, this. Instead of beginning with geography, raphy. If tolerably well-written, the life of however, to those parts of the essay which let a child learn, in the first place, the de- an eminent man, whether he be distinguished advocate the analytic method of instruc- tails of topography as applied to the place from the commo

monalty by his character or tion. We folly agree with the author, of his nativity or of his residence. When by the events of his life, can hardly fail to that if Locke's definition of the purposes he is become familiar with these, let him interest and gratify all classes of readers. of education is correct, most school books proceed to chorography, and become ac- Every one, whose mind is forcibly bent into and most teachers are wrong.

quainted with everything which it should a peculiar direction by his habits of intel

teach him regarding his own state and coun-lectual action and enjoyment, will have

produce the results--to facilitate

, first
, the acquisition, try. Let

him, last of all

, take up geogra- necessarily his favourite books and studies. secondly, the communication of knowledge. Now, phy, and begin, not at Herschel, nor at the The metaphysician loves to pore over the would it naturally be believed that, in the face of Sun, but at the quarter of the world in last work of some mighty master in the this correct and simple arrangement, the superin- which he lives, and so extend his knowl science of puzzling and being puzzled;"— tendants of education would, through ignorance or edge of the science, till he is able to take the natural philosopher or historian leaves ed points, and thus involve themselves in the ab- those general views of the subject, which mind for matter, and finds no pleasure in surdity of teaching youth to express ideas, before constitute a synthesis. On this plan, a bewildering himself with the vague uncerteaching them to think? But what is the fact? child in Boston would be taught, first, the tainties of ihe intellectual world ;-and the Turn to almost any school, and you will find the situation of his native city, then every in statesman or politician feels a complacent answer, when you see that the first book which is teresting and instructive particular which contempt for all pursuits which are no way to read, is an English Grammar, from which the usually enters into a topographical sketch. connected with public matters, and throw scholar is to learn the rts of speaking and writing. He would then proceed to the county; no light upon the noble art of getting up in The order of nature is

, first learn to think, and thence, to the state, and to the Union. In the world. But all these classes are limited, then learn to communicate your thoughts ; but the this way a thorough foundation would be and the books which are made for them are order of education is, first learn to communicate laid for subsequent enlargement of his geo- made for none beside them. With the hisyour thoughts, and then learn to think.

graphical knowledge; and, in the mean tories of individuals, of their actions, their The usual plea in justification of the com- time, he would be put in possession of a com- fortunes, their conditions, it is far otherwise. mon method of instruction is, that in early plete practical acquaintance with what is D’Israeli remarks, in his Curiosities of Litchildhood something is wanted, on which to most useful to him in the science he is ac erature, if we do not misrecollect, that, exexercise and discipline the mind; that it is quiring. We should like much to see such cepting the Bible, no books have passed no matter what you take for this purpose ; a course adopted with a class of learners. through so many editions as Robinson Cruand that at any rate the languages suit it We feel persuaded, that if a fair specimen soe and The Pilgrim's Progress; now both of very well. Now it is true that we do want of this kind could be exhibited, it would af- these books relate purely to fictitious events, something on which to discipline the raw ford the best argument for practical ana. and one is strictly allegorical; but they are mind; but do we therefore want the hard- lytic instruction, that its advocates could still of the nature of biographies. All perest exercise that we can select ? Because present. We agree with the author in say- sonal tales, all stories which tell of remarkbodily exercise is beneficial to the health ing that

able incidents that befel individuals, or of children, do we set them to hard la. This mode of teaching geography, besides being deeply striking traits of character, or debour?

adapted to the capacity of the youngest learner, scribe singular performances, whether they Another view of this subject will make it plain, tends to communicate that practical cast of knowl. are novels and romances, claiming to be that the present arrangement of education leads edge which is so useful in life.

Lessons in geog. wholly fictitious, or strictly veracious bithe mind in a direction contrary to the order of na: semblance as possible to the interesting recitals of ographies, have one thing in common. the mental , and then into the material world. Now of a country, and seen every Object which he de- they are lost in the mazes, or obscured in

an individual who bas travelled through every part They treat of men-and not of men as ing of curiosity, in the mind of a child, are caused scribes ; and, above all, it gires the pupil a thor- the distance of history, but as they live and

ough acquaintance with the geography, or rather by external objects. The movemerts of thought the topography, of the place of his nativity or of move around us. They exhibit one who is pass unconscious and unheeded, at that early stage his residence of what use is it to teach a child allied to us by a kindred nature, in circumof being, in which all that is ioteresting in exist the day, or the year, or the distance of Herschel, stances which excite interest and attention. tellectual objects appear only as a siiadowy some he daily walks, the river that flows by his door, or man beings, makes us find pleasure in folence is bounded by the circle of the senses. In- whilst you leave him ignorant of the road on which That sympathy which belongs to us as hunite ihan the form of mystery. Education, there we situatie n of bis own binhplace?

lowing, with our imagination, the footsteps fore, must not begin here; it must begin where the For learners in history the author re-l of a brother, through good and evil fortune,

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