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BOSTON, JANUARY 16, 1825.
gave his note for a guinea; and that it was us, which describe the man, whose charac
the early opinion of his mother, that the ter seems to have been such as we might Journal of the Conversations of Lord Byron: young lord was, considering his opportuni- expect of a soul of the higher order, bound Noted during a Residence with his Lord ties," as bad as his father."
down in eternal slavery to the dominion of ship at Pisa, in the years 1821 and 1822.
The twig, thus bent, was sent to Harrow; the passions, and cursed with a continual By Thomas Medwin, Esq., of the 24th and how much the morals of his lordship secret longing after the good which he Light Dragoons, Author of " Ahasuerus were improved at this seminary, may be laboured to depreciate and despise. the Wanderer.”' With additions. New conjectured from the character of his asso- Like many other eccentric persons, who York. 1824. 12mo. pp. 304.
ciates, and the reputation which he himself begin by outraging society, and end in hat. enjoyed. In one place, he says,
ing it for resenting the insult, his lordship The writer of these Conversations proposes to himself to supply the want of those Me. in duels, ruined, or in the gallies.
All the friends of my youth are dead; either shot had transferred his affections to a lower or
der of beings, who do not look beyond the moirs of Lord Byron, which, to the great And in another,
present moment, and are always ready to grief and trouble of the lovers of scandalous anecdotes, were so heroically consigned to
I fought Lord Calthorpe for writing dd atheist forget, in the caresses of to-day, the neglect under
or harsh treatment of yesterday. Captain the flames, on the death of their subject.
Medwin found him at Pisa, attended by He is a variety of the species Boswell; who
From school he was advanced to the unihad the good fortune to be introduced to versity, where, we are informed, that “ they nine horses, a monkey, a bull-dog, and a mastiff, his lordship at Pisa, and there to enjoy, and were as glad to get rid of him as they had two cats, three pea-fowls, and some hens. make notes of, his conversation from time to been at Harrow.” On leaving the univer- The bull-dog acted as porter, being attime, during a period of about nine months. sity, Lord Byron plunged into the most de- tached to the head of the stair-case, « by a He tells us, that the information contained praving dissipation, and suffered its inevita- chain long enough to guard the door, and in this volume ble consequences.
prevent the entrance of strangers.” The was communicated during a period of many months'
With a fortune anticipated before I came into Captain, however, was conducted in safety familiar intercourse, without any injunctions to se possession of it, and a constitution impaired by crecy, and committed to paper for the sake of refer- early excesses, I commenced my travels in 1809, past this Cerberus, by Shelley, whom the ence only. They (the notes) have not been shown with a joyless indifference to a world that was all animal, being acquainted with, only noticed before me.
by a growl. The appearance of his lordship to any one individual, and, but for the fate of his manuscripts, would never have appeared before the The fruit of these travels was the Childe
is thus described. public.
Harold, the publication of which placed him Thorvaldsen's bust is too thin-necked and young All which, together with the assertion that at once at the summit of literary reputation; for Lord Byron. None of the engravings gave me the writer despises “mere book-making,” | and this was the period in the life of this the least idea of him. I saw a man of about five we believe because it is printed; and are unhappy man, when it was almost to be as was said of Milton, he barely escaped being short as well satisfied as any reasonable book- hoped, that a soul like Byron's would have and thick. His face was fine, and the lower part maker can expect us to be, that the pub- shaken itself free from the fetters of vice symmetrically moulded; for the lips and chin had lisher of these Conversations was actuated and debauchery; but they were too firmly that curved and definite outline that distinguishes gards the satisfaction of the public curiosity marriage was soon followed by separation plexion, almost to wanness. His hair, thin and by that enlarged benevolence, which re- rivetted, and had been worn too long. His Grecian beauty. His forehead was high, and his as an object of far higher moment, than the from his wife, and exile from his country; fine, had almost become gray, and waved in natural gratification of private feeling. And if some and the remainder of his existence was and graceful curls over his head, that was assimilatof the more strait-laced among the gentle- spent in wandering from city to city, in ing itself fast to the “ bald first Cæsar's.” He allowed stick a little at the implied doctrine of males of Italy, and the society of such as not sufficiently dark to be becoming. In criticising men on this side of the Atlantic, should disgraceful intrigues with the degraded fe- it to grow longer behind than it is accustomed to be Captain Medwin, that it is fair and honour Hunt, Shelley, and Medwin, and at last his features it might, perhaps, be said that his eyes able to repeat and publish every private terminated in a crusade against the barba- were placed too near his nose, and that one was communication, which is not attended with rians of the Turkish empire.
rather smaller than the other; they were of a an express injunction of secrecy, they should We have thus given a rapid sketch of the grayish brown, but of a peculiar clearness, and recollect, that it is proverbially superfluous life of this remarkable personage, who, for look through and penetrate the thoughts of others,
when animated, possessed a fire which seemed to to criticise the liberality by which we are the last ten or twelve years, has excited so while they marked the inspiration of his own. His the gainers. Leaving the point of honour great an interest in the literary world. We teeth were small, regular, and white; these, I afterout of the question, however, for the pres- cannot weep, with some of our periodical terwards found, he took great pains to preserve. ent, we observe, that we consider recorded brethren, the early death of one, who was
I expected to discover that he had a club, perhaps conversations of this kind, as much more perverting his ingenuity, and prostituting have distinguished one from the other, either in
a cloven foot; but it would have been difficult to likely to give one a just view of character, his talents to the abominable purpose of size or in form. than any autobiography soever, upon some- giving new and powerful attractions to thing the same principle, that laying one's vice, and compelling the Muses to assist
The following morning, Medwin found ear to a key-bole is often a more certain in rendering pollution seductive, and blas-him at breakfast. way of learning a man's real opinion, than phemy classical. We do not intend to dis
It consisted of a cup of strong green tea, without asking questions about it.
cuss the literary merit of the works of Lord milk or sugar, and an egg, of which he ate the yolk From these Conversations we learn, that Byron; respecting most of them, there is but raw. I observed the abstemiousness of his mea). the father of Lord Byron was a shining one opinion; and of their moral tendency
My digestion is weak; I am too bilious,' said example of genteel vice and extravagance; we have spoken at large in a preceding num- he, "to eat more than once a-day, and generally live one who ruined ladies of fortune and spent ber. Our present remarks will principally wine at dinner, but they form only a vegetable diet. ran out three fortunes,” and I relate to those parts of the volume before Just now I live on claret and soda-water.
In another part of the volume, we are cency for his lordship, when they learn his they are a library in themselves—a perfect literary informed, that he drank a pint of Hollanda opinion of their sex. “Like Napoleon,” treasure., I could read them once a year with new
pleasure.' every night.
says he, (and he might have added, in the He said to me humorously enough— Why don't words of an author, whom even he was com- Without placing these works of imaginayou drink, Medwin? Gin-and-wvater is the source pelled to respect, like all rogues,**) “ I have tion on a level with those of Shakspeare, it of all my inspiration. If you were to drink as much always had a great contempt for women. appears to us, that the excellencies of both as I do, you would write as good verses : depend on Give a woman a looking-glass and a few are of the same kind; that there is in both it, it is the true Hippocrene.
sugar-plums, and she will be satisfied.” His the same individuality in the character, the This is vegetable diet with a vengeance, acquaintance with them, it is true, was not same universal truth in the sentiments, and and about as likely to improve the digestion likely to give him an exalted idea of their the same accurate and spirited delineation as the temper and morals.
qualities. He observes that, they “were of the “passions common to men in all ages His life at Pisa was very uniform :
always his bane," and with great justice. of society, which have alike agitated the I continued to visit him at the same hour (two The influence of the sex, whether for good human heart, whether it throbbed under o'clock) daily: Billiards, conversation, or reading, or evil, is one of the mightiest powers, which the steel corslet of the fifteenth century, evening drive, rice, and pistol-practice. On our operate in the formation of character; and the brocaded coat of the eighteenth, or the return, which was always in the same direction, we as there is nothing which improves and re- blue frock and white dimity waistcoat of frequently met the Countess Guiccioli, with whom fines it like the society of virtuous women, the present day." he stopped to converse a few minutes.
so there is nothing, which can pollute and He dined at half an hour after sunset, (at twenty-debase it more than an intercourse with specting the real author of these novels, the
Though little doubt can now exist refour o'clock), then drove to Count Gamba's, the those of an opposite character. There is no
question, like that concerning the author of in her society, returned to his palace, and either wickedness like the wickedness of a woman, the letters of Junius, will continue to possess read or wrote till two or three in the morning.
Several pages of this work are devoted
a degree of interest, so long as any uncerto Lord Byron's remarks on religion. tainty remains. The first of the following The Countess Guiccioli was the wife of an old Italian nobleman, who had objected They indicate little knowledge of the anecdotes would be decisive, if it could be
subject. He seems unable to be a downto her intimacy with Lord Byron, on the right infidel, only wishing that he could be
depended on. ground of his being "a foreigner, a heretic, satisfied that Christianity is a fable, without
I asked him if he was certain about the Novels an Englishman, and worse than all, a lib- being able to persuade bimself of it. Per-being Sir Walter Scott's.? eral.” The lady, deeply offended at this haps in this particular he was not very dif- "Waverley” to me in Murray's shop,' replied he.
Scott as much as owned hiinself the author of unprecedented illiberality, complained to ferent from many others, who endeavour to 'I was talking to him about that novel, and lamented his holiness, the Pope, “who ordered her a avoid and keep out of sight the necessity of that its author had not carried back the story nearer separate maintenance, on condition that she coming to a decision ; considering it as a
to the time of the Revolution. Scott, entirely off his should reside under her father's roof.” thing likely to lead, in any event, to uncom- There he stopped. It was in vain to attempt to
guard, said, “Ay, I might have done so, but' The account of his lordship's marriage, fortable consequences. On this subject he correce himselt: he looked confused, and relieved treatment of his lady, and separation from falls into the common weakness of encour- his embarrassmert by a precipitate retreat. her, has been already published in so many aging himself in his indecision, or practical On another occasion I was to dine at Murray's; papers of the day, that we consider it un- disbelief, by the example of eminent men. and being in his parlour in the moruing, he told me necessary to extract it here. He seems He remarks that
I should meet the author of "Waverley” at dinner. anxious to make it appear that his behaviour
He had received several excuses, and the party was
Dr Johnson died like a coward, and Cowper was in this affair was not remarkably culpable ; near shooting himself; Hume went off the stage was satisfied that the writer of that
novel must have
a small one; and, knowing all the people present, I but besides that his own story is bad enough, like a brave man, and Voltaire's last moments do been, and could have been, no other than Walter he admits, that his own relations, as well as not seem to have been clouded by any fears of what Scott. the lady's, that is to say all who had the was to come.
But we hesitate about receiving it in its full best opportunity of knowing the truth, con- His lordship's own deathbed seems not to force. We think it improbable that Sir demned his conduct.
have been troubled by fears of the future, Walter should have been so little on bis All my former friends, even my cousin, George but this does not persuade us, that bis life guard, on any occasion when these works Byron, who had been brought up with me, and was not frequently tortured by such fears, were the subject of conversation; certainly, whom I loved as a brother, took my wife's part. nor that he had not many moments when he if he understood keeping his secret no betHe followed the stream when it was strongest wished as sincerely, as any dying person ter, his title to them would long since have against me, and can never expect any thing from whatever, that he could hope for a better ceased to be doubtful. We imagine that me: he shall never touch a sixpence of mine.
world. Every one has beard the report of his
What he wanted, however, in reli- Lord Byron's imagination, or Captain Meddrinking out of a skull; the following is his son, was made up in superstition; for your win's, or both, bave improved somewhat
infidel does not always reject Christianity for upon the facts of the case. own account of the circumstance.
Several explawant of credulity. He believed in omens, nations of the second anecdote, suggest There had been found by the gardener, in dig- lucky days, and, above all, held that con- themselves to us, as they will doubtless to ging, a skull that bad probably belonged to some venient faith, which lays upon destiny the our readers. So that if we did not believe was dis-monasteried" Observing it to be of giant fault of one's own imprudence or wickedness. on other evidence, that the novels were size, and in a perfect state of preservation, a strange Among other beresies, Lord Byron in- written by Sir Walter, we should incline to fancy seized me of having it set and mounted as a dulged himself in depreciating Shakspeare, continue in our unbelief for any thing that drinking-cup. I accordingly sent it to town, and it the old dramatists, and the English stage is here offered. While on this subject, we returned with a very high polish, and of a motiled in general. The reception of his own dra- shall extract some other remarks, as being has it). I remember scribbling some lines about it; matic attempts will probably account for creditable both to the speaker and the obbut that was not all: I afterwards established at the bis opinion of the taste of his countrymen ject of them. Abbey a new order. The members consisted of in this department of literature. If he really twelve, and I elected myself grand master, or Abbot did not relish Shakspeare, he was a more
Of all the writers of the day, Walter Scott is of the Skull , a grand heraldic title. A set of black unhappy person than we took him for; but fame to dread the rivalry of others. He does not
the least jealous : he is too confident of his own dered, and from time to tiine, when a particular we cannot believe this, for many reasons. think of good writing, as the Tuscans do of feverhard day was expected, a chapter was held; the Among others, it seems to us totally irre- that there is only a certain quantity of it in the crane was filled with claret, and, in imitation of concilable with his admiration of the Seot- world. the Goths of old, passed about to the gods of the tish novels.
'He spoiled the fame of his poetry by his supeConsistory, whilst many a prime joke was cut at its
rior prose. He has such extent and versatility of
I never travel without Scou's Novels,' said he; powers in writing, that, should his Novels ever tiro expense.
ihe public, which is not likely, he will apply himself The ladies will hardly feel much compla- * Heart of Mid-Lothian.
to something else, and succeed as well."
Indeed the character of Scott is one of inform me. —“How can I?" rejoined my master; could hardly have been very full, especially the few subjects, on which his lordship’s it is now too late, and all is over!" I said, “Not if we consider the time when they were mind seemed uniformly to dwell with pleas. Yes, not mine be done—but I will try
our will, but God's be done!"—and he answered: generally made, namely, that between two ure. On one occasion he says, “The sight lordship did indeed make several efforts to speak, or three o'clock in the morning and two in of his letters always does me good.” And but could only repeat two or three words at a time
the afternoon ; so that it is not an improbaagain
such as, “my wife! my child! my sister! you know ble supposition, that the memory must have His (Jeffrey's) summing up in favour of my friend all-you must say all...you know my wishes:" the frequently been called on to supply deficienSir Walter amused me; it reminded me of a school- rest was quite unintelligible. A consultation was cies in the manuscripts ; and he who con
now held about noon), when it was determined siders the natural growth and ramification master, who, after flogging a bad boy, calls out to the head of the class, and, patting him on the head, master had now been nine days without any suste- of stories by repetition, will not be surprised gives him all the sugar-plums.
nance whatever, except what I have already men- to find occasionally, that some of the CapThe following passage will show, that tioned. With the exception of a few words which tain's ground is debateable. Another cause however authors may affect to despise the can only interest those to whom they were ad- may be found in the character of Lord opinions of periodical critics, these opinions dressed, and which, if required, I shall communi
If the notion we have
Byron himself. cale to themselves, it was impossible to understand do occasionally produce considerable sensation, though, fortunately for the tribe, they He expressed a wish to sleep. I at one time asked rect one,—that he did not, any more than
any thing his lordship said after taking the bark. formed of this, from other sources, be a cordo not often draw upon themselves so severe whether I should call Mr Parry; to which he re- the majority of mankind, always think and a counterblast.
plied, “ Yes, you may call hin." Mr Parry desired speak in the same manner, on the same · When I first saw the review of my “ Hours of him to compose himself, He shed tears, and appa- subject; he was sometimes angry from Idieness," I was furious ; in such a rage as I never rently sunk into a slumber: Mr Parry went away: slight causes
, and sometimes unjust io those have been in since.
*I dined that day with Scroope Davies, and drank it was the commencement of the lethargy preceding whose conduct on the whole he approved ; three bottles of claret to drown it; but it only boiled his death: The last words I heard my master utter he was capricious in his opinions, and hasty the more. That critique was a masterpiece of low were at six o'clock on the evening of the 18th, when in his language;-and, if the assertions of wit, a tissue of scurrilous abuse. I remember there he said, “I must sleep now," upon which he laid Medwin respecting his usual mode of livwas a great deal of vulgar trash in it which was hand or foot during the following twenty-four hours. ing at Pisa are correct,
we can hardly
surprised at any extravagance. Admit furfor what they could get," —"not looking a gift horse
The good points in the character of Lord ther, that these Conversations were private, in the mouth," and such stable expressions. The severity of "The
Quarterly" killed poor Keats ; Byron, were general kindness and generosity and that his lordship had no suspicion that and neglect, Kirk White; but I was made of differ- to his servants and dependents, by whom he every casual ebullition of spleen, and every ent stuff, of tougher materials. So far from their seems to have been much beloved, and his expression, uttered under the inspiration of bullying me, or deterring me from writing, I was zeal for the civil liberty of mankind. This his “vegetable diet,” was treasured up to beni on falsifying their raven predictions, and de- was shown in Italy, but more particularly gratify the public voracity; and we have a termined to show them, croak as they would, that in the country where he ended his career. clue to almost any contradiction that can I set to work immediately, and in good earnest, and To this sentiment is also to be attributed be pointed out between the letter of these produced in a year “ The English Bards and Scotch the favourable light in which he seems to Conversations and the spirit of his written Reviewers.'
have regarded the people of the United productions. We shall conclude our extracts from this States. He expresses strong affection for There is one view given in this volume, Folume with the account of the last moments his daughter, and occasionally some regard which, if it approaches at all to the truth, of Lord Byron, as given by his valet Fletcher, for Lady Byron. His faults were the con- and that it has some foundation we shall in a letter to Mr Murray.
sequences of bad education, and bad como believe (whether this book shall be proved * Although his lordship did not appear to think pany, early dissipation, and the habit of authentic or not), should make us sincerely his dissolution was so near, I could perceive he was yielding to the impulses of passion; and in a grateful that we live under a better influgetting weaker every hour, and he even began to character dangerous alike to itself, and to ence. We mean the view of depravity, have occasional fits of delirium. He afterwards society, we are uncertain whether more is not merely of the people of Italy, but of said, “I now begin to think I am seriously ill; and, in case I should be taken off suddenly, i'wish to be pitied, or condemned.
many among the higher ranks in the British to give you several directions, which I hope you We have thus far gone upon the supposi- empire. It is a consequence of a governwill be particular in seeing executed.” I answered tion, that the Conversations, which are the ment, as well as of individual conduct, I would, in case such an event came to pass; but subject of them, are authentic. Since the founded on just principles, that not only expressed a hope that he would live many years to above remarks were written, we perceive their immediate results, but those that are this my master replied, “ Vo, it is now nearly over;" that the London papers endeavour to dis- more distant and contingent, shall be prosand then added, " I must tell you all without losing credit them. There may be, and doubtless perous and happy. We doubt not that a moment!" I then said, “Shall I go, my Lord, and there are some misrepresentations con- among the middling classes of British sofetch pen, ink, and paper?"-"Oh, my God! no, tained in Captain Medwin's collection. Still ciety, public opinion is as powerful a guaryou will lose too much time, and I have it not to
a great deal of what is reported, agrees so dian of virtue and morality, as it is in New spare, for my time is now short," said his lordship: well, both with the accounts of Lord Byron England. But the misfortune is, that a class lordship commenced by saying, “ You will be pro- from other sources, and the opinions we should exist, which may be in some measure vided for.” I begged him, however to proceed with naturally form of his character from his above the influence of this opinion. But the things of more consequence. He then continued, writings, that we incline to the belief, that corner-stone of the structure of our govern“Oh, my poor dear child!-my dear Ada! My God! they are in the main correct. There are ment, the priaciple which recognises the could I but have seen her! Give her my blessing-two obvious causes for mistakes and incon- natural equality of the rights of mankind, and my dear sister Augusta and her children, and sistencies in a work of this sort. The first and refuses to admit the absurd pretensions you will go to Lady Byron, and say every thing; you are friends with her.” His lord is, that few things are more difficult than to of primogeniture,-prevents the entailment ship appeared to be greatly affected at this moment. retain and correctly repeat the substance, of estates and titles; with a silent and conHere my master's voice failed bim, so that I could and much more, the words of any conversa. tinual operation, obstructs the unnatural only caich a word at intervals; but he kept mut; tion, after some hours bave elapsed. The separation of wealth and industry, of labour would often raise his voice and say, “Fletcher, memory of man is very treacherous, and and enjoyment; and puts an eternal vete now if you do not execute every order which i besides the interval between the time when upon the elevation of a body of men, above have given you, I will torinent you hereafter if pos- the words were spoken, and that when they the control of the opinion and moral sense
Here I told his lordship, in a state of the were noted down, we are also to consider of their fellows. As yet we are a young greatest perplexity, that I had not understood that which in . rvened between the making people, and have allowed the natural affecmy God! then all is lost
, for it is now too late! of the notes and the publishing of the colotion which we must feel for the land of our Can it be possible you have not understood me?"
lection. Notes, which, as Captain Medwin fathers, the soil which gave birth to our “No, my Lord,” said I; " but I pray you to try and I tells us, were only intended for reference, nation, to make us morbidly sensible to any
disparaging observation on our manners and guages, there is given a delineation of the The American Indians live in a state of
prejudices and fears of those days when an extreme which astonishes those who do
selves with the powers of darkness,—to equally acknowledged this power of public Sketches of the History, Manners, and Cus“ kill and destroy by treachery, poison, and opinion; Curtius before the gulf in the Fotoms of the North American Indians. By sorcery ;" —when the courage of our fathers rum, the leader of a forlorn hope in modern James Buchanan, Esq;. His Majesty's quailed before the sad omen of a lunar days, and perhaps the Hindu devotee standConsul for the State of New York. Lon- eclipse, because in the centre of the moon ing for weeks upon a pointed cone, all illusdon. 1824. 8vo. pp. 371.
they discerned an unusual black spot, not a trate the power and energy of those feelings This work was written, or rather compiled, little resembling the scalp of an Indian;"- which support the Indian throngh his deathin this country; but the author is an En- when the venerable Hubbard could find no torture. There is no reason to believe that glishman, in the service of the king of Great language sufficiently expressive of his feel they are by nature inferior in point of inBritain, and his Sketches were published in ings towards these “ perfidious, cruel, devil. tellect to Europeans, or those of European London. We may therefore consider it as ish, savage miscreants,”—and even went so descent. Education has done for some of an English work, intended principally to give far as to “ hope that God will find some them all that it could do for men born to a foreign people information respecting way to cut off the deceitful enemies of his among civilized nations, and the instances the aboriginal inbabitants of this country. people, and not suffer them to live out half which have certainly occurred of half-eduThe subject will no doubt be interesting to their days !” Since those days, our relations cated Indians relapsing into an entirely many readers; for our Indians are a pecu- with these savages have changed ;-they savage life, prove little more, than that liar people, in whose history, customs, and now are the oppressed and desolate few;- there is in the absolute freedom and irrecondition, there is much that will arrest we are the people of the land, and they are sponsibility of these children of the woods, and well reward the attention of every one the scanty, forlorn, and powerless intruders, something which is most fascinating to the who loves to look upon human nature in all who are glad to hide their misery in any weakness and pride of buman nature. Many its actual varieties of situation and character. corner whither they may go, when we bid virtues are unquestionably compatible with Learned and able men have laboured to ac- them crawl out of our way. They fought the character which their condition and quaint themselves with every thing that can against us with the arrow, the bullet, and habits both reveal and create. No doubt a now be learned respecting the past and pres- the tomahawk, and they fought in vain;- benevolent and perfectly amiable being like ent generations of this expiring people. In in our contest with them, we have allied our- Mr Heckewelder, might remember many our own country great and successful efforts selves with pestilence and famine, and that instances of mildness, forbearance, kindness, have been made to investigate the present far fiercer foe to humanity than either, and pure charity, which occurred during his condition of our Indians thoroughly, and the intemperance; and they are well nigh ex- long intimacy with them. But if, on the scholars of Germany have toiled with their tirpated. When the warwhoop disturbed one hand, it would be unfair not to admit usual energy and success to bring together the repose of our villages, and a savage foe that these instances prove the Indian charall the detached parts and fragments of beset every path, and men were obliged to acter to be capable of an occasional exbiknowledge, which could be found in the bear their arms with them to the house of bition of these favourable traits; on the many works published in various lan- God, these ferocious and dreadful enemies other, it would be altogether unreasonable guages respecting different snbjects con- were of necessity feared and hated beyond to infer from them, that these savages live in nected with different parts of this continent. the degree which different circumstances the habitual exercise of such virtues. Surely Their industry in these researches has been would have justified. For this there was there cannot be any doubt, that the Indians carried to an almost astonishing degree, excuse enough; but it will not be reasona- are rather ferocious than mild, rather imand rewarded by a proportionate success. ble that we should go to the opposite ex- placable than forgiving, and rather less Probably all the principal customs of the treme, and suffer our sympathy and sorrow honest and trust-worthy than men among Indians are now known, and all of their past for these wretched remnants of nations, or whom deception and stratagem are more history is ascertained which ever can be even our remorse for the miseries we have dishonourable. We do not believe that learned; with respect to their languages, it inflicted upon them, to influence our opinions, there is any great and peculiar mystery in is enough to say, that in the “Miltiades,” when we are investigating their character the Indian character, or that the laws which a work upon the general science of lan- as an important fact in the history of man. I govern human nature in all other cascs, do