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Rang loud, and stopped bim in his pride of place. small town, similarly situated, and not a back; which, before the discovery of Pom-
He fell, slow wheeling on his outspread wings, mile off from it. In returning to Naples, peii, was unknown.
Bequeathing all he left to thee ;-a name. on the third day, we stopped at a large san- On the 6th of this month (February,
The EAGLE of thy tribe! Thy piercing eye
Has fed the eagle.* Was thy tribe cruel,

dy looking bank, on the right side of the 1824), we made our visit to the top of VeOr kind, when full of age, they cast thee forth

road, about ten miles from town. The suvius. The ascent and descent along the Upon that wilderness the world, to thee

bank was that which destroyed Pompeii, lava take about five hours. We had, forA lonelier place than woord or mountain high, A. D. 79; and we were now at the walls of tunately Salvadori for our guide, who told Or the deep glen, or the remotest cave?

that city. There are few things so strange us all about the different eruptions, &c. &c. And didst thou die, neglected and alone, Or was it thine in victory to fall ?

as a walk through the silent streets of a The crater is not at all the thing I expected, Or fan the fame with thy heroic breath,

town, which, for 1700 years, has been hid but a gulph of most immense size, and one As round thee curled the slow consuming fire, from the light of day and the world, when can see to the very bottom of it. I can Victim indeed! the requiem yelling

the manners and every-day scenes of so re- scarcely believe what we were told. that it is O'er thine own ashes ? Such was not thy end ! mote an age, stand revealed, unchanged, 'four and a half miles round the crater, and Thine aged body found a tranquil death,

after so long an interval. It would appear that its depth is two thousand feet; but it And slept among the dewy leaves again A long, unbroken sleep; and in that tree

that, sixteen years before the shower of is a most horrid, magnificent sight. Here Which cradled it, it found its airy grave.

sand and ashes from Vesuvius occurred, an and there a quantity of smoke is seen curlW.C. earthquake bad nearly ruined the town; so ing up the rocky sides; but at present the

that the houses are roofless, partly from mountain is very quiet. All around is a The features of the dead, being exposed by the that cause, and from the weight of ashes dark, black looking waste of lava, extendmode of burial among these Indians, are first de- which fell. Otherwise they stand just as 'ing to the sea ; and near the foot are the voured by the birds of prey.

they were left. The streets are narrow, vineyards of the Lachryma Christi. In but paved ; and the mark of the carriage spite of the sad example of Herculaneum wheels in the lava pavement is evident. In and Pompeii, villages are sprinkled here

Murat's time four thousand men were em- and there, at the very foot of the mountain ; “ O that the desert were my dwelling place, With one fair spirit for my minister .!"

ployed in excavating; and so a great num- and our guide told us that one of them, call

ber of houses, perhaps one third of the ed Torre del Greco, had now been destroyThere's an island afar in the blue western sea, town, have been uncovered; but at present ed fourteen times, and another seven. The Where spring smiles forever for you, love, and me; there are only eleven men and a few boys day was very clear and beautiful, and the The winds breathing fragrance will waft away care, at work. I fancy the Neapolitans find the view very fine. The country around NaAnd sorrow and envy can never come there.

expense of giving 20,000 Austrian troops ples, towards the hills, is so rich and proThe sun when he sets on the fountain and flowers, double pay a little troublesome; and so ex. ductive, that it is calle

the Campagna Will leave not a bower so delicious as ours; cavations must stand over for the present. Felice; but still the people are poor and And the moon rising pale on that island of green The houses were all small, generally of two miserable. Will shed her calm light over souls as serene.

stories, but beautifully painted; and the

figures of animals, such as horses, peacocks, SIMPLE METHOD OF LIQUEFYING THE GASES. To solitudes lovely then hasten with me Where Paradise blooms in the isle of the sea; &c. are as bright as that day they were

Sir H. Davy has recently used a very 0! I shall not regret the lost Eden of bliss

painted. There are two theatres standing, simple method of liquefying the gases by With a being like you, in an island like this. and one amphitheatre, all nearly perfect; the application of heat. "It consists in plac

S. H.

but I find it impossible to give you any idea ing the gas in one leg of a sealed bent of the wonders we saw in one walk through tube, contined by mercury, and applying Pompeii

. At one time, we walked up a heat to ether, alcohol, or water, in the other INTELLIGENCE.

street, called the Strada dei Mercanti, on end. In this way, by the pressure of the

either side of us, the shops of mosaic selVISIT TO PÆSTUM, POMPEII, AND VESUVIUS. lers, statuaries, bakers, &c. &c. with the vapour of ether, he liquified prussic gas,

and sulphureous acid gas. W ben these owner's name painted in red, and the sign

gases were reproduced they occasioned About fifty miles from Albergo Vittoria, of his shop rudely carved above the door. cold. are the ruins of three temples, standing to The mill in the baker's shop, and the oven, gether on the seashore, at a place called amused us much. At another time, we Pæstum. We made up a party last week, passed through the hall of Justice, the temand drove out to these ruins. It was cold, ple of Hercules, the villa of Cicero, and

Mr Davis has shown, in a paper lately clear weather, and the Apennines were the villa of Sallust. The only villa of three published in the London Philosophical covered with snow, but a more interesting stories I observed, belonged to a man call. Transactions, that the Chinese year is a trip we never made. The ruins are the ed Arrius Diomedes (his name was at the lunar year, consisting of twelve months of most magnificent in Italy, particularly what outside of the door); and, in the cellar, twenty-nine and thirty days alternately, with is called the temple of Neptune, with four- beside some jars for wine, still standing, the triennial intercalation of a thirteenth teen large Doric pillars in length and eight was the skeleton of this poor fellow found month, or rather an intercalation seren in the other direction. Further than these with a purse in one hand, and some trink. times in nineteen years, to make the year ruins, and the wall of the town, not a vestige ets in his left

, followed by another, bearing correspond more nearly with the sun's of it remains ; and what is very singular, up some silver and bronze vases, the last course,

It has not been ascertained why scarce a notice now exists of any account supposed to have been his servant. They they fix upon the fifteenth degree of Aqua. of the town, though it must have been a had been trying to escape by taking refuge rius as a rule for regulating the commencevery considerable maritime place. Like in the cellar. Many other curious things ment of their lunar year; but they have most of the other places on that coast, it have been discovered here, and a great deal an annual festival about the recurrence of must bave been a Greek settlement; but may yet be brought to light, for, from a this period, which resembles the deification times, alas! have sadly changed with it, for ticket of a sale stuck up on the wall of a of the god Apis. now three solitary farin-houses are all that house, it would appear that one person had remain, owing to its being unhealthy in no fewer than pine hundred shops to let.

VACCINATION IN CHINA. summer. There is something very incom- The street of the tombs is the most im- Mr Davis, in the paper just quoted, menprehensible about the unhealthiness of towns pressive; they are beautiful and extremely tions the following curious fact. When Dr in Italy; for the town of Salerno, situated interesting. One for the gladiators has a Pearson made the Chinese his invaluable on a beautiful bay, which we passed along, representation of the different modes of present of vaccine inoculation, it was acis almost deserted by its inhabitants in sum- fighting carved on it; and from this it would companied by a small pamphlet, in Chinese, mer; and yet they find safety at another seem, that they occasionally fought on horse- containing a few necessary directions as to



the use of the virus, and stating the discovery, carried off the roofs of two inhabited houses, the names of all works of every kind, pre-
to have been English. A purified edition of and advanced along the mountain in the paring for publication, in the press, or
this little book was very soon after publish- district of Quigliano, where it dissipated it-
ed, in which not one word was retained as self near the convent of Capuchins, situated recently published. As they will be in-
to its origin, nor any trace by which it in the village It tore up many large trees of serted in the Gazette, it is particularly
could be known that the discovery was not all kinds, and committed ravages, the extent desired that the exact titles be stated at

of which was not certainly ascertained.
The preceding accounts are contained in

the Paris Moniteur and in the Bibliothèque *** The proprietors of Newspapers, for

Universelle. In the arrondissemens of Dreux and of

which this Gazette is exchanged, and of Mantes, about three o'clock on the twenty


which the price is less than that of the sixth of August, 1823, a storm came on from the S. W. accompanied with a sudden and of 1820 and 1821, in Iceland, made nume- ence.

Dr. L. Thienemann, who spent the winter Gazette, are expected to pay the differpowerful heat. A waterspout was seen not

C. H. & Co. far from the village of Boucourt, having its rous observations on the polar lights. He broad base resting on the ground, and its states the following as some of the general

results of his observations : summit lost in the clouds. It consisted of a

TO CORRESPONDENTS. thick and blackish vapour, in the middle of

1. The polar lights are situated in the which were often seen fames in several lightest and highest clouds of our atmos- We fully intended to print the poem of directions. Advancing along with the storm, phere.

“ Clitus,” but, upon further consideration, it broke or tore up by the roots, in the

2. They are not confined to the winter are satisfied that it is somewhat too long to space of a league, seven or eight hundred season, or to the night, but are present, in be inserted entire in a work of this kind, trees of different sizes, and at last burst with great violence in the village of Mar- are only distinctly visible, during the ab- and that it ought not to be cut into pieces. sence of the solar ray.

A condition annexed to the poem of chepey, one half of the houses of which were instantly destroyed. The walls over- connexion with the earth.

3. The polar lights have no determinate “ Ariel” makes it impossible for us to pub

lish it. turned to their foundations, rolled down on

We should be glad to state to him 4. He never heard any noise proceed more particularly our reasons for declining all sides; the roofs, when carried off, broke

from them. in pieces, and the débris were dragged to the distance of half a league by the force

5. Their common form, in Iceland, is the to make use of it, if he will give us an opof this aërial torrent. Some of the inhab- arched, and in the direction from N. E. and portunity. W. S. W.

The lines which have the signature, “ A, itants were crushed to pieces, or wounded

6. Their motions are various, but always B, C,” were not received soon enough to by the fall of their houses, and those who were occupied in the labours of the field, within the limits of clouds containing them. enable us to comply with the requisition atwere overthrown or blown away by the


tached to them. whirlwind. Hailstones as large as the fist, and stones and other foreign bodies carried

The first number of the transactions of

These three poems lie in the bookstore of off by the wind, injured several individuals. this society was published in August 1823. Messrs Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. subject Carts heavily loaded were broken in pieces, It contains an account of its objects and to the orders of the respective writers. and their loads dispersed. Their axle-trees progress, and several dissertations on im- Are we to have nothing more from were broken, and the wheels were found portant medical subjects. at the distance of two hundred or three greatest contributors is Don Manuel Moreno

December 12. hundred paces from the spot where they a graduate of the University of Maryland. were overturned. One of these carts, which In the introductory discourse, many comhad been carried off almost bodily, was pliments are paid to the people of the

LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS pitched above a tile-kiln which had been United States, their policy, scientific instibeaten down, and some of the materials of tutions, and literati. The academy offers which had been carried to a considerable prizes for the best dissertations on certain

By Cummings, Hilliard, & Co.-Boston. distance. A spire, several hamlets and medical subjects,—the prize for 1824 was a different insulated houses, were overthrown. gold medal of the value of two hundred dol- Evenings in New England ; intended for Several villages were considerably injured. lars. The seal of the Academy represents Juvenile Amusement and Instruction. By an The lower part of the waterspout is suppos- the temple of Minerva, supported by six American Lady.

Boston Journal of Philosophy and the ed to have been about one hundred toises in columns—the dome surmounted by the sun diameter.

and in the centre the genius of liberty with Arts. No. 3. Vol. II. For December. Near Genoa on the 16th of the following other emblematic devices--on the reverse, month, a waterspout was observed, accom- Medicinæ ac Naturalium Scientiarum Bo

By Richardson & Lord-Boston. panied by similar phenomena. A heavy nærensis Academiæ. The number is in the The Agricultural Reader, designed for rain fell on that day in the communes of quarto form, and contains one hundred the use of Schools. By Daniel Adams, M. D. Quigliano and Valeggia, in the province of pages. It is printed on good paper with a Savona, beginning at five o'clock in the neat type, and its execution in general, By Dorr & HowlandWorcester, Mass. morning. It increased to such a degree whether considered in a literary or me- The Columbian Class-Book, consisting of that at nine o'clock the country was inun-chanical point of view, is such as to give Geographical, Historical, and Biographical Ex. dated. Towards noon there issued from a a very favourable impression of the state tracis, compiled from authentic sources, and armountain situated in the parish of Valeggia, of science and the arts in Buenos Ayres. ranged on a plan different from any thing before a whirlwind of black smoke and fire. It Dr Chapman of Philadelphia, and Dr Mitch-oftiered the public; particularly designed for the first carried off the roof a house, in which ell of New York, are honorary members of use of Schools. By A. T. Lowe, M. Ď. two children were crushed to pieces, and the Academy. the parents wounded. The waterspout

By B. Field & Co.-Providence. then advanced to the opposite side of the

Sailors’ Physician, containing Medical mountain called Magliolo; crossed the riv.

All publishers of books throughout the Advice for Seamen and other persons at Sea, on the er, the waters of which it heaped up in an United States, are very earnestly requested Treatment of Diseases, and on the Preservation of

Health in Sickly Climates. By Usher Parsons, instant, though they were much swelled ; | to forward to us, regularly and seasonably, M. D. Second edition.

One of the Agnes?




By S. F. Bradford-Philadelphia.

LIST OF WORKS IN PRESS By H. C. Carey & I. Lea-Philadelphia. The Life of Andrew Jackson, Major Gen

Chitty's Pleadings. New Edition. eral in the service of the United States; compris

A Treatise on the Law of Corporations, ing a History of the War in the South, from the

At the University Press-Cambridge.

By T. J. Wharton, Esq. commencement of the Creek Campaign to the termination of Hostilities before New Orleans. By [Several of which are shortly to be published by By E. Littell-Philadelphia. John Henry Eaton, Senator of the United States. CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & Co. Boston.) 1 vol. 8vo.

Adam's Latin Grammar, with some Im

The Museum of Foreign Literature and

Science. No. XXIX. provements and the following Additions : Rules for By John Mortimer-Philadelphia.

The Journal of Foreign Medical Literathe Pronunciation of Latin ; A concise Introduction

ture and Science. No. XVI. Edited by Jobn D. The American Monthly Magazine, for to the Making of Latin Verses; A metrical Key to October, 1824.

the Odles of Horace; A Table showing the value of Godman, M. D.

Roman Coins, Weights, and Measures. By Ben-
The Globe. No. VII.

jamin A. Gould, Master of the Free Latin School of By R. W. Pomeroy-Philadelphia.

The whole of the Works of Lord Byron. By Anthony Finley-Philadelphia. (N. B. In this edition, that portion of the ori. The Guide to Domestic Happiness. By ginal grammar which belongs exclusively to Eng. the author of “The Refugee.” 18mo. lish grammar, is omitted, as an encuinbrance en

ADVERTISEMENTS. The Evidence of Christianity derived tirely useless. This will give room for the addi

tions contemplated without increasing the size of from its Nature and Reception. By J. B. Sumner,

the volume. A. M. 12o.

A Catalogue of American Minerals, with

the localities of all which are known to exist in HAVE preparing for the Press, by Judge By B. & T. Kite--Philadelphia.

every State, &c., having the Towns, Counties, &c., Ilowe of Northampton, “The Lawyer's A Letter to a Friend, on the Authority, in each State, arranged alphabetically. By Samuel Common-Place Book, with an Alphabetical Purpose, and Effects of Christianity, and especially Robinson, M. D., Member of the American Geolog. Index of most of the Heads which occur in on the doctrine of Redemption. By Joseph Johnical Society. 1 vol. 8vo. Gurney.

An Elementary Treatise on Arithmetic, general Reading and Practice.” Its object

taken principally from the Arithmetic of S. F. La- is to aid the Student, by furnishing to his By E. Littell-Philadelphia.

croix, and translated into English with such Alter- hand a Title, under which he may arrange

ations and Additions as were found necessary in nearly every thing he can find an interest The Museum of Foreign Literature and order to adapt it to the use of the American Student. in preserving. The utility of CommonScience, No. XXVIII. for October 1924.

Third Edition. 1 vol. 8vo.
A General Abridgment and Digest of

Place Books seems to be admitted by all. By R. W. Pomeroy-Philadelphia.

American Law, with Occasional Notes and Com- | Few Lawyers have attained to any consid

ments. By Nathan Dane, LL. D. In Eight vol- erable eminence in the profession without The poetical Works of Sir Walter Scott. umes. Vols VI. and VIII.

adopting one of some sort. To facilitate In 7 vols. 12mo. With Plates.

Collectanea Graca Minora. Sixth Cam- the use of them so as to induce their adop

bridge edition ; in which the Latin of the Notes tion by every individual engaged in profesBy S. Potter & Co.-Philadelphia. and Vocabulary is translated into English.

sional pursuits, is the design of the work.

Publius Virgilius Maro;-Bucolica, GeorA Discourse on Church Government, gica, et Æneis. "With English Notes, for the use wherein the Rights of the Church, and the Suprem- of Schools.

POÉTICAL WORKS OF WILLIAM acy of Christian Princes are Vindicated and Ad- A Greek and English Lexicon.

WORDSWORTH. justed. By John Potter, D. D., Bishop of Oxford, and afterwards Archbishop of Canterbury. First in Greek, from the Test of Griesbach, with a Lexi. Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. continue to American Edition.

con in English of all the words contained in them; receive Subscriptions for Wordsworth's Po

designed for the use of Schools. By R. W. Pomeroy-Philadelphia.

ems, at their Bookstores, No. 1, Cornhill,

An Introduction to Algebra. By War- and at Cambridge. Price to Subscribers, Don Juan. A Poem, in Sixteen Cantos. ren Colburn.

$5,00 for the four volumes. Two volumes By Lord Byron. 2 vols. Price, $2,50.

Poetical Works of William Wordsworth.
In 4 vols. 12mo. (Subscriptions received at No. 1; above; the other two will be published in

are already published, and may be seen as Cornhill, Boston, and at the Bookstore, Cambridge.) the course of the next month, when the SubBy James Thomas-Georgetown, D. C.

An Elementary Treatise on Mechanics, The Evangelical Catechism, adapted to comprehending the Doctrine of Equilibrium and scriptions will be closed, and the price adthe use of Sabbath Schools and Families, with a Motion, as applied to Solids and Fluids, compiled vanced to $6,50. new Method of instructing those who cannot read. from the most approved writers, and designed for Second Edition. By the Rev. John Mines.

the use of the Students of the University of Cam-
bridge, N. E. By John Farrar, Professor of Math-

By T. W. While-Richmond, Va.

ematics and Natural Philosophy.
No. III., Vol. 2, of the Boston Journal of Mass., have lately published

Denio, CLARKE, & TYLER, of Greenfield, Spiritual Songs. Composed and publish- Philosophy and the Arts. ed by Henry Bridgewater, L. P., of Chesterfield

The Common Reader, consisting of a vaCounty, Virginia.

riety of Pieces, Original and Selected, inSeven Lectures on Female Education. By Cummings, Hilliard, & Co.-Boston.

tended for the use of Schools, and particu. Inscribed to Mrs Garnett's Pupils, at Elm Wood,

A Stereotype Edition of the Bible, in 8vo. larly calculated for the improvement of Essex County, Virginia, by their very Sincere

An Edition of the Bible in Spanish, in 12mo. Scholars of the First and Second Classes, in Friend James M. Garnett.

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Third Edition. By John H. Nash-Richmond, Va. A View of the Evidences of Christianity. The Scholar's Guide to the History of The Vocal Standard, or Star-Spangled By William Paley, D. D.

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PRINTED AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS, Observations on the Religious PeculiariGlory. Containing forty-two Sermons on various Texts of Scripture. By the Rev. John Flavel. ties of the Society of Friends. By Jobn Joseph First American Edition, Gurney.





Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. No. 1 Cornhill, Boston.— Terms, $5 per annum, payable in July.

No. 16.

do pot avowedly secede from the English | second Eldorado, or an earthly paradise. Church, nor dissent from its doctrines, but There were among them knaves, who,

assume, as a name of separation, the appel- doubtless, were accompanied by “ the tools Body and Soul. First American from the lation of Evangelical preachers or professors

. that they do work with.” There were young third London Edition. Philadelphia. 1824. Of course, he is the conqueror in all argu- men and maidens; and the course of true 2 vols, 12mo.

ments, and his opponents are always silenc. love was no whit more likely to run smooth This book is in some respects like the “Re- ed or convinced. By the literary skill ex- in New England, than in other parts of the collections of Jotham Anderson," of which hibited in this work, the author will hardly habitable world. In short, our forefathers we gave our readers an account in a former gain great fame. With a general want of were men subject to the same affections, number. It is essentially controversial, being power, there are many important defects and actuated by the same passions, which intended to make manifest the truth of the of style, which indicate that he is not a have influenced mankind from the beginning doctrines, and the excellent wisdom of the practical writer, and will find it very diffi- of the world, as they will continue to do ritual, of the Church of England, by a series cult to become eminent in this vocation. till time shall end; and they were placed of tales or dialogues. The author chose Still, he deserves the praise,-and no small in circumstances, which called forth these the singular title which the book bears, on praise it is,- of keeping his temper, and not affections, and excited these passions, in an the ground,--as far as we can gather from altogether forgetting what candour and unusual degree. The picture of their time what he says of the matter,—that it is ne- honesty require, even while engaged in re- will be one of strong lights and deep shad. cessary to consult the tastes and demands of ligious controversy. If this book exhibits ows; and we have longed to see it attempt the body, if we would gain any influence no proof that he who wrote it is gifted in- ed by a pencil worthy of the subject. Nor over the soul. We presume so much of his tellectually as others are not, neither would do we despair that such an one will be production as is amusing or interesting, or any reader feel disposed to charge him with found. We trust that the time will come, intended to be so,-is supposed to be ad- having a bad heart.

when the names of that day will be familiar dressed to the body; while all that is di

in our mouths, as those of Claverhouse, Bur. dactic, and meant for use, is more particu

ley, Rob Roy, or Rebecca; and that the larly adapted to the soul. Without stopping A Peep at the Pilgrims, in Sixteen Hundred charm of classic association will be added to inquire how far his distinction is accu- Thirty-Six. A Tale of Olden Times. By to the native beauties of the mountains and rate,-how far wit or patbos inay be said to

the Author of divers unfinished Manus- streams of our country; gratify the bodily taste,-we must remark, cripts. Boston. 1824. 2 vols. 12mo.

"Fitz-James' horn Niagara's echoes wake, that he does not appear to us to be emi. The author of this work has entered upon And Katrine's lady skim o'er Erie's lake." nently successful in either department of a field, which we have long considered as With such expectations, it cannot be surhis labours. He has not made a very en- one that promised an abundant harvest to prising that we should be apt to regard evtertaining work; and can hardly hope to the enterprising and skilful adventurer. ery writer on this subject with a jealous carry many readers fairly through his two The high and resolved characters of the eye, as one who may possibly turn out an volumes, unless they are bound, as review- leaders among our pilgrim ancestors, the unlicensed intruder on our land of promise, ers, fairly to make an end of them; or are dangers which they defied, the sufferings nor that we should be disappointed by alpleased with the book for some excellence which they endured, and their various ad- most any thing that is written, and ready entirely independent of its literary merits. ventures, whether peaceful or warlike, with to handle with some severity of criticism As a didactic work, we think it can have their savage neighbours; their courage, what, in other circumstances, we might no effect whatever, excepting upon a cer- zeal, and piety, and even their weaknesses think deserving of nothing worse than the tain class of readers; we mean those who, and foibles, afford abundant materials for damnation of faint praise. already believing that the author is in the the novelist and poet. Other sources of We intend, however, to resist the tempt. right, are prepared to have their opinions interest are to be found in the habits, man-ation to be hypercritical in the present inconfirmed by the expression of similar opin- ners, and superstitions of the aborigines; stance, for two reasons, first, because it is ions, and by such arguments and illustra- and characters of less importance than no fault of the author, if he has not fulfilled tions,—if we may so call them,—as are Massasoit, Sassacus, Philip of Mount Hope, expectations, of the existence of which he bere used.

or his martial kinswoman, have figured with could not be aware, and would not have Dr Freeman, the bero of the story, is the effect on the pages of romance. It may be intentionally disappointed if he had been; Rector of a large parish in a large town in objected, that the habits of the first settlers and secondly, that there is much merit in England, and represents our author's beau were of too grave and stern a character, the book, of which, without further preamideal of a regular clergyman of the estab- and their lives a scene of hardships too un- ble, we proceed to give an analysis. lishment. He is sincere in his belief, and varied, to admit of that admixture of light Major Atherton, a gentleman, and a solfaithful in his obedience to all the requisi- and comic description, which is demanded dier in the service of his majesty Charles I., tions of his office. He performs all his du- by the taste of the novel-reader of the is induced to take a voyage to New Engties with zeal and wisdom, and enjoys inno- present age. But it is not so. The adven- land, by the favorable representations of a cent pleasures with moderation, and with-turers were not all stern enthusiasts, nor friend, and the love of novelty and advenout remorse. He is, in one way or anoth- rigid sectaries. The leaders, it is true, ture natural to youth at any period, and er, successively engaged in circumstances were too often persecutors, as they had been which was particularly prevalent in many which are made to afford an opportunity for exiles, for conscience' sake. But many of countries of Europe during the sixteenth showing what the author supposes to be the their followers sought the shores of New and seventeenth centuries. His attention character and consequences of a religious England from other motives. The res an- was attracted, on the evening of his arrival, belief differing from his own. The Doctor gusta domi, the desire of gain, the love of by the melodious sounds of a female voice, meets, and holds long conversations with Uni- novelty, or a truant disposition, impelled engaged in singing a devotional hymn; and tarians, Fatalists, and those sectaries who many to a land, which was described as al on the morrow, chancé favors him at the meeting-house with a sight of the face and, which led to nothing particular. She discov- 1 finement, and Atherton condemned to the figure appertaining to the voice, which ered, at last, what her friends had discov- stake and torture. In the mean time, Monoproves to be that of Miriam Grey, the fairestered for her long before, that she was in love notto, another chieftain, and the real owner damsel in New England. Young Adam with our hero, and that, as it was impossi. of the female prisoners, returns, and accepts Cupid, he who shot so trim in the case of ble they could ever be united, they were in the terms which Sassacus had refused; MiKing Cophetua, drew his bow in the pre- a situation, which, besides being bad in its riam and her companion are released, and sent instance with as little regard to the present aspect, was not likely to mend. nothing now remains but the deliverance of fitness of things, or, to forbear metaphor, She communicates this opinion to her lover, Atherton, which is accomplished by a party the high-church cavalier fell in love with which affects him powerfully, and induces from the sloop, at the critical moment, the Puritan maiden. Major Atherton is him to leave her suddenly, and repair to when he is beginning to be enveloped in soon introduced to Mr Winslow, Mr Brad- Boston. Miriam soon follows him, on her smoke. The lovers once more meet and ford, and other worthies of the time, among way to the neighbourhood of Saybrook, on part. The lady returns to her home, and whom is Captain Standish, the military com- the Connecticut, with her cousin, who had the gentleman accompanies the English mander at New Plymouth, and a kinsman been lately married, and chance conducts soldiers, whom he finds at Saybrook, on of our hero. At the house of Mr Winslow her to the same inn; no very improbable their expedition against the savages ; he withe meets with Peregrine White, the first circumstance, by the way, if it conducted desses the two bloody attacks upon the Peborn of New England, who is made to act her to any one in Boston, in 1636. The meet. quod entrenchments, by the troops under the part of the gracioso or Jack Pudding ing was, of course, distressing, but as nei- Captain Mason, which resulted in the deof the piece, of whom we shall speak here- ther any good reason could be given why struction or dispersion of that fierce people, after, directing our attention, at present, she should not proceed with her cousin, nor returns at the close of the campaign to Bosto the main action, namely, the loves of why Major Atherton should accompany her, ton, and proceeds from thence to Plymouth. Atherton and Miriam Grey. The reader they were again compelled to separate. The story now draws to a close. Mr Grey, will need no ghost to tell him that these Rumours of war soon after arose between while these events were taking place, had encountered many obstacles; two were the Pequods and the colonists, and the returned from England, and, after some in the form of rivals, of whom one was danger was particularly threatening to the hesitation, finds himself unable to refuse a Puritan with close-cropped hair, an settlers on the banks of the Connecticut. the hand of his daughter to him who had ungainly manner, and a reasonably good An army was to be raised, and our hero twice saved her life; he accordingly conopinion of his own gifts, but honest withal, was, of course, among the volunteers; but sents to the match, provided that Miriam is and upright, and a sincere lover, whom we being unwilling to wait the tardy motions willing, and, as her consent is obtained withsometimes respect, but oftener laugh at; the of the equipment, took passage in a Dutch out much difficulty, Major Atherton is made other a gallant Virginian, one of the know. vessel belonging to New Amsterdam, which happy, and, in process of time, becomes a ing ones of the day, a contemner of things proposed to touch at Saybrook. The prov- Puritan, and lives to a good old age in the sacred, or a hypocritical observer of them, erb which intimates the difference between usual manner. The subordinate personages a cajoler, or a bully, as the case might haste and speed, proved to be applicable in are all properly disposed of by death, marbe; one, in short, of that numerous class, the present instance; for, besides, that the riage, or otherwise, and the survivors made who are as commonly to be found in novels ordinary motions of the Dutch dogger were as happy as their respective cases would as in real life, and are governed by no par- not particularly expeditious, the skipper, admit. ticular principle, except a regard to their alarmed by some reports of the numbers We have few remarks to make upon the own immediate interest. A more serious and power of the Pequods, chose to omit characters of the hero and heroine; they impediment existed in the righteous horror, visiting the river, and proceed directly to are necessary evils in a novel, and provided with which the father of the damsel re- New Amsterdam. Their passenger was in the latter incurs and escapes a proper vagarded the idea of a connexion between his dignant at this tergiversation; but as his riety of dangers and delicate distresses, the daughter and a member of the persecuting wrath produced no other effect than that former kills his giant with due discretion, church of England. It would not, proba- of exciting the astonishment of Mynheer, and both are happily brought together at bly, have been of much advantage to his he was fairly landed at Manhattan, and left the conclusion, every reasonable reader cause, that he was not bigotted to forms, to rail against his desting, and employ him- ought to be contented; we say, if they are but disposed to respect modes of worship self, as well as he could, in prevailing upon happily brought together; for, we take this not entirely consonant to those in which he the Dutch to despatch a vessel to Saybrook. occasion of entering our protest against had been educated. Charity, of this kind, This desirable end was, after many delays, a practice, which has sometimes obtained, was a virtue of very equivocal value in at last accomplished, and our hero once more of destroying one or both of the parties. those days, and more likely to fix upon the on his way towards the scene of action. The We believe that this is seldom or never possessor the character of a Gallio, than any purpose of the expedition was the ransom necesary. A novelist, in our opinion, has more favourable one. Fortunately, the op- of two females, who had been captured by the same right over bis principal characters, portunity which occurred to him of saving the natives, in a late inroad upon the town that a husband formerly had over his wife; the life of the daughter, while it served to of Weathersfield; and on board the sloop he is only precluded from destroying life or distance his rivals in her opinion, did much were embarked some distinguished Pequod limb; and we give future writers fair warntowards removing the prejudices of the fa- prisoners, who were to be exchanged for ing, that we shall always resent any such ther against bim. The objection to his them. With the chief of these, Cushmi- infringement of their charter. It is idle for form of worship, however, was still insur- naw, Major Atherton succeeds in forming him to talk of difficulties, who has gods and mountable, and an intimation of his purpose an acquaintance, which afterwards proves machines at his disposal ; and we insist, of seeking the band of Miss Grey was re- of service to him. On reaching the place that where the matter is within our jurisbutted with the decision of principle. Time of their destination, a negociation is opened diction, life shall be saved at all hazards. rolled on, however, and the affair continued with Sassacus, the chief of the Pequods; We have always thought the death of Clara undecided. Mr Grey left the Colony, on a but the terms of the cartel could not be sa. Mowbray a very unhandsome thing on the visit to the mother country; a matter which tisfactorily arranged. Atherton, in the part of the Great Unknown, as well as a required more time two hundred years ago, mean time, discovers that one of the cap- dangerous example to aspirants, and one than it does at this day, when a man may tives is Miriam Grey; and on the failure which, after this intimation of our view of travel over Europe and return, before his of the treaty, takes measures to rescue her; it, they will follow at their peril. friends in the next street have noticed his and, following the directions of Cushminaw, Many characters in this work are well absence. He left Major Atherton to con- nearly succeeds in his attempt. The whole sustained. We would mention among them, tinue his attentions to Miriam, and Miriam party, however, are seized just as they those of Standish, and Peregrine White, to imagine, in some indistinct manner, that are about to gain the boat, and Miriam is who, as we have hinted before, is described these attentions were agreeable things, carried back to her former place of con- as a wag, upon the authority, we suppose,

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