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they had accorded from politeness, and receive We bivouacked daily. It is a pleasing sight toered so far as to be pronounced out of dan-
their respectful attentions and cordial services, as see a column arrive at its halting ground. The ger; but was still so feeble that he was
expressions of homage, due to the courage, wealth, camp is generally marked out, if circumstances ordered to return to Lisbon. This journey
plicity of their manners, their frugality, the spare- river or streain. The troops are halted in open was uncomfortable enough, and after his ar-
ness of their diet, the peculiarities of their dress, columns, arms piled, picquets and guards paraded rival at Lisbon he suffered a relapse, wbich
and their religious prejudices were made the sub- and posted, and, in two minutes, all appear at confined him for six weeks to his bed. He
jects of derision and ridicule ;-when they witness- home. Some fetch large stones to form fire-places; again recovered, rejoined his regiment,
ed scenes of brutal intoxication, and were occa: others hurry off with canteens and kettles for water, which formed a part of Gen. Hill's corps,
sionally exposed to vulgar insult, from uneducated while the wood resounds with the blows of the bill and soon after found himself with his regi-
and overbearing Englishmen ;--when, I say, all hook. Dispersed, under the more distant trees,
this occurred, they began to examine our individu- you see the officers, some dressing, some arranging went, on the right of Wellington's army,
al titles to their esteem; they were, often, very á few boughs to shelter them by night; others on the Sierra de Buzaco.
soon disenchanted ; and the spirit which we had kindling their own fires; while the most active are
awakened in them, manifested itself in various acts seen returning from the village, laden with bread, walked to the verge of the mountain on which we

My regiment had no sooner piled arms, than I of neglect, rudeness, and even resentment. or, from some flocks of goats, feeding near us, with lay, in the hope that I might discover something of

One element of the pleasure which the a supply of new milk, How often, under some the enemy. Litle, however, was I prepared for author and his messmates enjoyed while and fuel, have I taken up my lodging for the might; ished sight. Far as the eye could stretch, the glitthey were on their way to join the army, and here, or by some gurgling stream, my bosom tering of steel, and clouds of dust raised by cavalry was the entire novelty of all the scenes fanned by whatever air was stirring, made my care and artillery, proclaimed the march of a countless and circumstances about them; we doubt less toilet, and sat down with men I both liked and army; while, immediately below me, at the feet of not, many of the soldiers were murmuring esteemed to a coarse, but wholesome mual

, seas those precipitous heights, on which I stood, their at those very things which their officers simplicity of this life I found most pleasing. An were already halted in their bivouacks, and colenjoyed with the highest relish. As they enthusiastic admirer of nature, I was glad to move advanced on their march, the heat became and dwell amid her grandest scenes, remote from reposed upon the ground allotted to them, and

umn too after column, arriving in quick succession, so intense, that it was necessary to repose cities, and unconnected with what is called society, swelled the black and enormous masses. during the day, and proceed only when the Her mountains her forests, and sometimes, her numbers of the enemy were, at the lowest calculasun had withdrawn his intolerable beams. home: her rivers, streams, and springs, cooled my three distinct and heavy columos; while to the But this change of day into night, and all brow, and allayed my thirst. The inconvenience the various wants and difficulties incident of one camp taught me to enjoy the next; and I rear of their left, at a more considerable distance, to their situation, were made sources of learned (a strange lesson for the thoughtless) inat you might see a large encampment of their cavalry, pleasure. wood and water, shade and grass, were luxuries. I ed with their train, their ambulance, and their com

and the whole country behind them seemed coverWith a small advanced guard I entered Golegão again each norning in all his majesty, and I felt after an evening passed in very interesting and anisaw the sun set every evening: I saw him rise

missariat.***I returned slowly to the line ; and, at the head of the regiment just as early matin-bell that my very existence was a blessing Strange, mated conver-ation, though we had neither baggage was summoning the inhabitants to prayers. The indeed, to observe how soon men, delicately brought nor fires, we lay down, rolled in our cloaks, and attendance on public worship throughout Spain and up, can inure themselves to any thing Portugal is extremely regular, and no occupation, a blanket, or a cloak, the head reclining on a stone

rapt in with the stone surface of the mountain for our bed, or manner of life, is suffered to interfere with this or a knapsack, covered by the dews of night, or the night. Two hours before break of day, the

and the sky for our canopy, siept, or thought away sacred duty. To mass go the muleteers before drenched perhaps by the thunder shower, sleeps line was under arms; but the two hours glided by they load Their train; and from the door of the many a youth, to whom the carpetted chamber, the rapidly and silently. At last, just as the day dawachapel the peasants sally forth to their daily labours. curtained couch, and the bed of down, have been ed, a few distant shots were heard on our left, and The very changing of night into day, a measure from infancy familiar. rendered necessary by the extreme heatcarried

were soon followed by the discharge of cannon, with it the charm of novelty. I was well lo'lged,

But the scene soon changed; the regi- and the quick, heavy, and continued roll of musand hospitably treated, in an humble but clean cot ment arrived within reach of the army, and ketry. We received orders to move, and support tage, and with the night again set forward. began to learn something of the realities of the troops attacked: the whole of Hill's corps, This march, and the following, our route, which

amounting to fourteen thousand men, was thrown passed by Punhele to Abrantes, led us often for

into open column, and moved to its left in steady miles along the banks of the Tagus, and through

As we passed out of the town, we say sererall double quick, and in the bighest order. villages built on the very edge of the river. A officers, men, and horses, of the heavy brigade of We were balted exactly in rear of that spot, clear bright silver moon lighted our silent path; in wretched condition, and the men looked sickly, just repulsed a coluna, was retiring in line with the

British cavalry, stationed there. The cattle were from which the seventy-tourth regiment, baving human voice to be beard'; not a sound, save the Both officers and privates were very ill dressed, and most beautiful regularity, its colours all torn with dull tread of our weary men, and the gentle tone in their brown and shapeless hats had a most unmili- shot. Here a few shells flew harmlessly over oar which the waters told their ceaseless flow. The tary appearance. Whoever had seen these regi. line, but we had not the honour of being engaged. moon-beams which played upon the bright arms of ments in England; in pale, sallow-looking men, The first wounded man I ever beheld in the field, our gallant soldiers, shone also on the glistening and skeleton horses, would hardly have recognized was carried past me at this moment: he was a fine nets of the peaceful Ssherman, which hung spread

the third Dragoon Guards and fourth Dragoons, young Englishman, in the Portuguese service, and upon the rocks, near his deserted bark. All within

two corps enjoying, and deservedly, a well-earned lay helplessly in a blanket, with buth his legs shatthese humble dwellings was repose, and their happy ishes all that brilliancy which has won the heart drops oi perspiration stood on his inanly forecare

name. Thus, oftentimes, on actual service, van- tered by canon-shot. He looked pale, and big tide of war (harmless and friendly indeed to them, and fixed the choice of so many a youth, and woich but he spoke not-bis agony appeared únutterable. yet bearing on its wave not only youth, ambition, appeared so gay and attractive on crowded es- I secretly wished him death; a mercy, I believe, and courage, but, perhaps, even ferocity and crime) planades at home. * * *

that was not very long withheld. rolled, in the dead of night, past the vine-clad walls

The autumnal season, in Estremadura, is prover- More and harder fighting was expected; of their defenceless cots. The town of Abrantes bially unhealthy, and numbers of the inhabitants is well situated; it stands lofty, and commands the die annually of the alarming fever which prevails the truops were kept ready for action, lying passage of the Tagus, over which, at this point, a

in the dreaded month of September. The unwhole. with their accoutrements on where they last bridge of boats communicates with the southern

some vapours, which arise from the beds of the stood in order of battle; front and rear provinces. We crossed the river, and occupied many stagnant pools scattered over the surface of ranks head to head, and every man's fire

But the French manocuweeks before by some division of our army, which heats, are said to produce this evil, Be this as it vred to attack the British in flank, and for one night a camp of standing huts

, formed niany these places, and always dried up by the summer lock by his side. had halted in that neighbourhood. At sun rise the may, towards the end of September, this insidious following morning we were again in motion, and and resistless enemy found his way into our tran- Wellington retreated to his liues near Lise marched onwarus to the village of Gaviao. Our quil quarters, crowded our hospitals with sick, and bon. The French advanced and threatroad led, in part, through plains covered with Gum- filler the chapel vaults with victims, over whom we ened them, but retired in their turn. cistus in flower, the frail leaves of which are re- gloomily and sullenly mourned.

Our author was attached to Marshal Be

I retirned home after the review, passed a most markable for their delicate whiteness; and in part, cheerful evening, could talk of nothing but war and resford's corps, and continued under his over uplands all clothed with heath, but a heath so rich in the variety, the beauty, and the fragrance of Wellington--was that night stretched on the bed cominand until after the battle of Albuera. its plants, that the traveller forgot, or forgave, the of sickness, and, in a few days, lay at the very One of the British brigades lost in this batabsence of the corn-field, the vineyard, and the point of death.

tle one thousand and fifty men, killed and cottage.

After some weeks of sickness he recovo I wounded, out of one thousand four hundred..


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This last brigade went into action led by a major and fled, abandoning some guns and howitzers about meet with a reputation,” to use his own general, and with its clue proportion of field-officers sixty yards from us. The presence of their cavalry words, “which its character did not deand captains. I saw it at three in the afternoon :- not permiuing us to pursue, we halted, and

mand." a captain commanded the brigade; the 57th and menced firing on them. The slaughter was now,

The character of our author, so far as it 48th regiments were commanded by lieutenants; for a few minutes, dreadful; every shot told; their and the junior captain of the 29th regiment was officers attempted in vain to rally them; they would may be estimated by this little publication, the senior effective officer of his corps. Not one of make no effort. Some of their artillery, indeed, is exceedingly pleasing. To the modestý these six regiments lost a man by the sabre or the look up a distant position, which much annoyed our and candour, wbich appear in his preface, lance; they were never driven, never thrown into line ; but we did not move until we had expended he joins a singular respect for his instructplying to a heavy fire, and often charging; and in the most perfect order, to a spot sheltered from ers, and a warm friendship for his fellowwhen the enemy at length fled, the standards of their guns, and lay down in line, ready to repulse student, which he takes this occasion to these heroic battalions flew in proud, though any fresh attack with the bayonet To describe publish in three several dedications. mourpul triumph, in the centre of their weakened my feelings throughout this wild scene with fidelity, These Dedications and Preface are fol. but victorous lines. ***I would now relate what fell would be impossible: at intervals, a shriek or a lowed by Introductory Remarks, intended possible, my feelings on that day. We stood to our but it was not always that the tumult of the con- to contain a hasty sketch of what is alárms an hour before break of day: it was a bril- test suffered me to catch these sounds. A constant ready known on the subject of vision; and, liant sight, at sun-rise, to see the whole of the feeling to the centre of the line, and the gradual having thus prepared us by nearly thirty French cavalry moving on the plain; but in a short diminution of our front, most truly bespoke the pages of prefatory matter, he permits us at

As we moved, though slowly; last, about the middle of the volume, to enquees as before . The hattalion being clismissed, yel ever a little in advances we awenveillemand ter upon the

treatment of the real subject walk towards the Spanish troops, little dreaming, those of the enemy, and those of the Spaniards who of it, much of which we acknowledge to be that day, of a general action. But the sound of a had fallen in the first onset: we trod among the equally original and amusing, though from few shots caused me to return; and I found our line dead and dying, all reckless of them.

that deficiency in arrangement, which he getting hastily under arms, and saw the enemy in

Our author was also engaged in the bat. partly acknowledges, it is not always so motion. The prelude of skirmishing lasted about an hour and a half, and our division lost a few men tle of Vittoria, and, in a skirmish at the pass easy to be understood as we could have by random gun-shot; all this time we were stand- of Maya, was made prisoner; and here his wished. ing at ease, and part of it exposed to a heavy, chill- narrative ends. We have not room for all The circumstance, which led to Dr ing, and comfortless rain. Sounds, however, which the passages which we marked for quotation, Cooper's investigations, we shall give in his breathed all the fierceness of battle, soon reached and are not sure that we have selected the own words. us; the continued rolling of musquetry, accompa

most interesting. The volume is very far nied by loud and repeated discharges of cannon on

Upon my glass while looking into it, I saw a little our extreme right, told us, convincingly, that the from being filled with stories of warlike spec; by concentrating the two eyes upon this, at real attack was in that quarter. The brigades of deeds or sufferings. The scenery and the the same time watching the reflection of the face our division were successively called to support it. manners of that interesting country which upon the mirror, it was seen double, as was better We formed in open column of companies at hall the reminiscent crossed, and recrossed, so of the eyes themselves ; each of which is seen Scene of action. I remember well, as we moved frequently, are strikingly described ; his double, making

an appearance of four eyes instead down in column, shot and shell few over and recollections are vivid, and they bring be- of two. The spec at this time, being the object through it in quick succession; we sustained little fore him things well worthy of remem- upon which the eyes are directed, is distinctly injury from either, but a captain of the twenty- brance. His style is sometimes too ambi- visible. niuth had been dreadfully lacerated by a ball; tious, and is often inaccurate; and occa- eyes are removed from their common axis of vis

The obvious reason of all this is, that the two him, and he knew us ull;" and the heart rending sionally he dwells so long upon the beauti- ion, the impressions of each no longer correspondtone in which he called i us for water, or to kill ful hills

, and vales, and streams, which im- ing, except those of the object we are immediately him, I shall never forget. He lay alone, and we pressed themselves upon his memory, that observing. were in motion, and could give him no succour; for, on this trying day, such of the wounded as But, upon the whole, we are confident that at some loss to understand the meaning we begin to be weary of his descriptions.

For want of a definition, we were at first could not walk lay unattended where they tell :-in the field. When we arrived near the discomfit- book upon our recommendation, will ac- which we perceived could not be applied, all was hurry and struggle; every arm was wanted / those of our readers who may purchase this of the phrase, “common axis of vision,” ed and retiring Spaniards

, and formed our line to knowledge that we have done them a favor. as it commonly is, to a line passing from a advance through ihem towards the enemy, a very noble looking young Spanish officer rode up to me,

point midway between the centres of the and begged me, with a sort of proud and brave Some Further Facts in Vision. By Ed- of the optic axes.

pupils of the eyes through the intersection anxiety, to explain to the English, that bis coun

We were disposed to trymen were ordured to retire, but were not flying.

ward C. Cooper, M. D. New York, smile at our own previous obtuseness, when Just as our line had entirely cleared the Spaniards,

1824. 12mo. pp. 80.

it occurred to us that the common axis of a the smoky shroud of battle was, by the slackening This treatise, as our author informs us, was pair of eyes, looking into a glass, could be of the fire, for one minute blown aside, and gave to our view the French grenadier caps, their arms, suggested and completed in eight days, and nothing else than the reflection of the face and the whole aspect of their frowning masses. It be admits, that it is not unlikely it may appertaining to them. The circumstance was a momentary, but a grand sight. A heavy at- be found to have many faults. His reas. has been observed before, but no writer, so mosphere of smoke again enveloped us, and few ons for publishing it in this condition indi- far as we know, has given the same expla

Besides some ingenious vaThe coolest and bravest soldier

, if he be in the cate a commendable regard for public opin. nation of it. heat of it, can make no calculation of time during ion, and show at once his zeal for enlight- riations of this experiment, two others are an engagement. Interested and animated, he narks ening it, and his caution in regard to the detailed, to which the author was led, in not the flight of the hours, but he feels that, preservation of its integrity, He gives the course of his researches. One of them Come what come may,

his book to the world with all its blemishes, it is unnecessary to describe at length, Time and the hour run through the roughest day.' since time, which could not alter the na- since he informs us that the fact illustrated This murderous contest of musketry lasted long only enable him to correct what is subor- at any extent of objects that present be

ture of the principles advanced in it, would by it may be “ familiarly known by looking upon and shaking the enemy. At the distance of dinate to them. Experience, he is aware, fore us, and first closing one eye, and then about twenty yards from them we received orders might polish his style, perfect his arrange- the other, by which it will be seen, that to charge, we had ceased firing,cheered, and had ment, and perhaps add some trifling proofs; the nose obstructs the lateral view upon our bayonets in the charging position, when a body but it would, at the same time, give author- either side, from entering but the one eye of the enemy's horse was discovered under the ity to his naine; so that the doctrine, on the same side.” The other we shall give, tage of our impetuosity. Alreads, however, bad which his readers may now examine and as above, in the words of the text. the French infantry, alarmed by our preparatory confirm, would be in danger of being recheers, which always indicate the charge, broken /ceived without discussion.

A square bit of paper was taken exactly the It might then I width of the distance between the pupils of the

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tion. ***

two eyes. This is to be placed at any point be- be shorter than the former; and as beauty (vour of the truth of it. We refer to the obvir tween the eyes and the mirror, and within lines implies distinctness, the most beautiful ous reasonableness of such an arrangement. parallel from each eye to its own reflexion.

It will succeed best by holding the paper mid- forms have this figure. Hence the author We have always thought there was someway between the face and the mirror, which

in conceives the diamond and ellipsis to be thing like a waste of power in the constant this case, may be at a greater distance of separa- more beautiful than the square or circle. use of two eyes in looking at the same

But it may be objected, that when these thing, when it is so evident that one would The effect of this is no less singular than it is figures are placed with their longest diam- answer the purpose extremely well; and curious ; for instead of there appearing upon each eters perpendicular, they should no long- even if the method suggested by our author eye, the half impression of itself with their natural

er be beautiful. This objection his an- shall not be found to be the true one, it will separation, making the vacant distance produced by the intervention of the paper, which might have ticipates and replies to with great ingen- still admit of some question whether it been supposed from the necessary want of the rays uity, that “having become pleased with the ought not to have been. falling from the parts within the two parallels; this position of the form, habit created a pleas- The application of this discovery of Dr space is totally wanting: Curious as it may ap. ure in viewing the form itself, and which Cooper to every thing in nature is obvious. visions were united into one image ; that is, all might accompany it through any change After noticing some of the most evident that part

of the face, to the qutside of each eye, of posture," and secondly, that they are consequences of it, he concludes with the including the outer half of both were united in the really somewhat less beautiful in an upright following philosophic and beautiful recentre, giving the strange appearance of a face position. To which he might bave added, marks. with one central eye, made up in this way of the as above, the occasional connexion of the

I have thus adventurously dared to look into this external half of the two.

idea of beauty with utility, which is exem- curious subject. I have thus far in particular cast We were unable to obtain complete suc-plified in an elliptical object, not uncom- a distant, though I hope not less certain, look at cess in this experiment, for want of more mon in nature, the egg, with the upright the height and breadth of beauty, that like a broad precise directions, or some other cause, position of which we associate the idea of expanse of waters seeks its own level. I have which we do not think it necessary to in the pleasure of eating it slightly boiled ween deluding the mind with new visions of no vestigate, conceiving it to be analogous to which is neither so commonly, nor so agree- fancied beauty, but still in gayest fancy drest, dethat, by which two small holes, applied to ably effected in any other.

fying in plenteous and boundless changing variety, the eyes, when looking at a more remote We regret that our limits will not here all definition; and yet how definite ! object, are made to appear as one ; in which allow us to extract more than the follow. ination of all which I have not presumed to at

The proper and accurate, or even regular examopinion we are confirmed by the suggestion ing conclusion of his remarks upon the tempt; sensible of its too great extent, for so suof the author, that a similar “ fact takes power of habit.

perficial an observance as I was alone able to give place in the wearing of spectacles, making

To this is to be attributed the depraved taste of it

. It was for me merely to point out the facts, as a visible union of the two glasses in one.”

beauty, too common in the more beauteous sex ; having noticed them, and to notice the circumstanThe inferences from these experiments their preference of colour over form; of forced ces in connexion with them and such as might are, that each eye can see for itself, and contortions of themselves over their more graceful make them tolerably clear for a more close inves(as by a law of our constitution, the nose is and natural luxuriance of charms; or, where it is tigation, a more capable investigator.

more general, in the vitiated ideas of rural sceneinterposed between them) somewhat fur

We feel, with him, a natural reluctance ry in the citizen. ther towards one side than its fellow; and

to enter alone upon such an extensive field, that thus they are enabled to compare the has never yet ventured, as our author justly boundary to which they have conducted

Great indeed is the force of habit, but it and having followed his footsteps to the pictures of objects situated in a horizontal direction, to be pleased with their agree the original fitness of things, when consid- " I prae, sequemur.” Advance boldly, and

remarks, to make much innovation upon us, we have nothing left but to exclaim, ment, or offended by their discrepancy: ered horizontally. Amidst all the “irides- when you have seized the chaplet of Fame, But, as no such comparison can be made between objects situated in a perpendicular has not dared to clothe one nether extremi

cent chaos” of female habiliment, fashion we will sound her trumpet. direction with regard to each other, they may vary without offence to our congenital observation which brings to our recollection Saratoga ; A Tale of the Revolution. Bos

ty in leather and the other in prunella; an sense of beauty. Dr Cooper draws many beautiful illustra- the following simple lines, in which the

ton. 1824. 2 vols. 12mo. tions of this doctrine from the works both author, with an exquisite attention to truth

“ JUDEX damnatur, dum nocens absolvitur," of nature and art. Thus, he observes, that and nature, has seized upon an analogous is not our motto when we sit in judgment on the eyes, the arms, or the feet, as a de- the sordid poverty of a tattered mendicant,

ture, which have hitherto seemed to need formity, but never expect the forebead "One stocking on one foot he had,

rather to be nursed and protected from the and chin to resemble each other; and

On t'other foot a shoe."

withering blasts of criticism than to be again, that the sides of a column, to be

We cannot refrain from extracting the trash'd for overtopping." When the beautifu must be alike, but not the capital following paragraph from among the lucid shelves of our bookshops shall groan under and base. In the case of pinepins and and ingenious illustrations of this theory.

the weight of uncut American duodecimos, sand-glasses, wbich seem to be exceptions Another fact, that is common to the dress and and our circulating libraries teem with warto this rule, it is to be considered, that we undress of beauty, will exhibit the effect of the ble-covered and half-bound ephemera, it will insensibly connect our idea of beauty with unity required in the parallels across the vision, be time enough to lay a heavier band upon that of perfect adaptation to the particular and the spectator view them from one side

, he will the imaginations of our fellow.citizens. At object of this formation, to wit, the capaci- ind this union of the opposite sides much impair- present we read in the spirit of charity, ty of standing on either end.

ed, and habit alone saves it in part. I suspect it is slow to mark the failures ot' inexperience, Another inference may be thus express- also partly hence, we have the beggaring descrip and glad to find something to praise. The ed. As the right eye, for instance, sees an tion of the drunkard.

story of i'e volumes, which have suggested object, with a power equal to two, while Our author is disposed to find in his doc- opos irks, is rather too complicated, the left may be able to see only with a trine of horizontal comparison, an explana- 14 toll tracters too numerous; but it is power equal to one, their united powers tion of the manner, in which we get an idea

o the author's powers, that the will be equal to three; but as this can only of motion. He suspects that one eye keeps 178°put, withstanding these difficulties, happen with respect to objects situated the moving object in view, whilst the other i sair tained. We shall first present borizontally in regard to each other, the is continually employed in marking the disco !, -, in as few words as possible, horizontal lines of a body, to a similar ex. tance between it and some fixed position will, at 1 sis of the plot. Major Courttent, will be seen with greater distinctness And although some objections to this idea lai 2 16:n officer in the British serthan the perpendicular ones. Hence, to present themselves to us, we cannot but vic

.. by family circumstances to make these last equally distinct, they must think there is some intrinsic evidence in fa-l take en de in the United States, then

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the colonies of Great Britain. After some the intense and fervent feeling, with which the of it; and if the next musket ball knocks bim from

his horse, the victory may be ours; but if not, years' residence, trouble comes to him in spectacle inspired her. i he shape of the revolutionary war, which · Huzza for king George!' and · Tne royalists have O'Carroll's frequent exclamations of. Bravo!' Major,'

Have done with your ifs, O'Carroll,' interrupthe naturally considers in the light of re- won the day!' were seemingly unheard by her; ed'the Major hastily. By Heaven, this champion bellion; and, after some hesitation about and it was not till the ranks of the Americans, has put the very devil into his soldiers, and in turning his arms against a country which which had bitherto remained firm and unbroken, spite of Talbot and all his meu, they will beat us had sheltered and befriended him, accepts suddenly gave way, and they began to retreat in hollow.'

Our fellows are giving way,' exclaimed O'Cara commission in Burgoyne's army, which confusion, that she moved or úttered a word. But was then advancing into the colonies from hen; her colour heightened to crimson, and clasp-roll. By St Patrick, they might have held out

ing her hands, she exclaimed with emotion, longer. Were it not for the cursed treaty, that so the north In the course of that disastrous Shame! Shame! They fly, and from a force no fetters our valor, Major, we might leap to the rescue, campaiga he is twice wounded, and his life larger than their own!'

with as valiant an air as this same doughty hero, who as often saved by an American officer, . And they seem to understand it 100.' said O'Car. has so steeled the courage of his own villains, and Colonel Grahame, the hero of the piece. this is not the first time the foe has seen their self! As haughtily as if he had conquered a host

, roll. "I rather suspect, from their gestures, that melted that of ours. How the fellow bears himThe heroine, the daughter of Major Court- backs. The officer who is endeavouring to rally and were about to dictate another treaty of surrenland, is brought into a state of contiguity them, however, is a brave fellow. But I fear he der!' with the bero, by her attendance on her has fought his last field; for the devil himself could • The treaty of surrender again!' exclaimed the wounded father, after the surrender at Sar- not get clear of Talbot's manæuvring, in such a Major, impatiently: ' You round off every sentence,

O'Carroll, with this detestable treaty; and begin atoga. On the return of the Courtlands predicament.'

* Does Captain Talbot command the royalists?" with what you will, the Great Mogul, the Pope of to their former residence, which was not asked Catherine, aroused by O'Carroll's observa. Rome, the usurpation of the round-beaded Cromfar distant from Valley Forge, the acquaint- tion.

well, or any thing else equally eign to the subance continues—as the Major was, by the • Yes, I met him as I was riding this morning.' \ject, you are sure to rack your ingenuity, in order conditions of the treaty, a noncombatant, returned the Captain. It seems they were inform. to name this treaty of Saratoga, the remembrance and Grahame in winter quarters, which we

ed by a deserter, who had grown weary of the hard of which seems to afford you the most exquisite have the evidence of history for believing fare and cold quarters of Valley Forge, that this pleasure.

• Have patience, Major,' said O'Carroll, his whole not to be so agreeable as to induce a young and Talbot and his men were lying in wait

for attention directed to the movements of the combatofficer to have much predilection for them. them, behind the group of maples yonder, when I ants; 'and look, look quick, by S: George, Talbot The scene is not changed from this place. encountered him.. The Americans were coming is down, and his soldiers are flying ! but the dénouement is delayed, by conver- up, when I left him, and I had just time to ride Major Courtland's attention was instantir direct. sation and episodes, through the whole of home, and leave my horse, before the first musketed to the scene of action, and he saw at once, that

shot gave the signal that the engagement had com- the issue of the contest was decided. The second the second volume, when the parties are menced. But, upon my faith, the rebels have near- assault of the Americans had been far more furious happily married, with several other couples, ly gained the forest; all except that foolish officer, and determined than the first. Animated by the whose adventures are concluded at the who will lose his life by seeking to rally the cow. presence of a leader, whom they idolized, and solicsame time. ards.'

itous to retrieve their tarnished honor, they fought We have despatched the story thus short

While O'Carroll spoke, scarcely beeded either with intrepid boldness, till the enemy, discouraged

by Catherine or her father, the Americans continu- by this fierce attack, began to falter, and at length ly, by stripping it of the episodes and ed to retreat in great disorder, unmindful of the gave way. It is possible they might have recoverother extraneous matter with which it threatenings or persuasions of their commanding ed themselves, had not the fall of Captain Talbot is complicated, some of which add much to officer, who used every exertion in his power to in- served to coniplete their confusion ; when they inits length, and, by distracting our attention, duce them to renew the contest. But it was all in stantly took to flight, leaving a number dead on diminish the interest in the main action. vain; they seemed completely, panic-struck, and the field, and several, beside their Captain, despeWe could have very well spared Colonel eager only to escape the pursuit of their conquer- rately wounded. Dunbar and General Arnold, Talbot and ors, when suddenly their Hight was arrested.

A single horseman, wearing the uniform of the

The character of the Irish captain, O'Car. Amelia, especially the latter, who are very continental army, sprang from behind a small copse roll, is pretty well executed, though rather ordinary people, in whose affairs we could of trees, and leaping the slight barrier of rails inclined to caricature; in that of the hero, take but little interest in any circumstan- which enclosed the field of action, waved his we recognised, oftener than was agreeable, ces, much less when, like

sword with an air of defance, and called aloud up some striking features of the Mortimers,

many indifferent persons in real life, they intrude themselves rones of his commanding voice were bằard distinct- Belvilles, &c. of other days; those of the Inand their stories upon our attention, and ly on the hill, where the party of observation were dians, Obmeina and Minoya are very good, occupy the time which we are impatient to stationed, and they seemed like magic to arrest the while those of Forrester and Richard bestow upon more useful or agreeable sub- course of the defeated soldiers; for they instanty Hope are as well as could be expected in jects.

stood still, and the officer placing himself at their their subordinate station. The following description of a skir

head, they collected, and with inconceivable rapidi-
ty formed a compact body, presenting a firm and

This work, in common with many other mish is spirited, and will serve as a speci- dauntless front.

second rate novels, is spun out to an unnecmen of the style of the work, and we hope This sudden movement produced a visible sensa. essary length by long and often insipid con. our readers will pardon the length of the tion in the enemy. They slackened their fire, and versations, which waste the time, ink, and extract, as it is the only one we shall make. retreating a few steps. drew up again in order of paper of the writer, increase the expense of

The scene of action lay in a stubble field, some the British fighting as if resolved to win a second printing, and of course diminish the sale of distance beyond the bill; so that the smoke from victory, and the Åmericans as if determined to the work, whilst they are generally skipthe fire-arms, concealed the horrors of the fight. atone for he shame of their premature flight. ped by the reader. It should be rememberBut the quick and animated movements of the Confound those rebels ! exclaimed O'Carroll, od that in this particular, nature cannot be parties, and the rapid glancing of their arms, were who, with his companions, bad anxiously watched copied to advantage; for though nothing is visible; and though the frequent vollies of mus-, the progress of this unexpected revolution; they more certain, than that almost every body smoke rose so swiftly in the pure atmosphere of the hero, or cunning stratagem, to turn the fortune of talks more and longer than is necesssary, morning, that the bustling and active scene was at night. We had fairly won the field, when that tall the writer should consider that we listen one instant disclosed, and the next shrouded again fellow came, Heaven only knows from whence, to partly from regard to the rules of politeness, in darkness. The parties engaged were small, and pluck back our laurels, and bind them on his own and partly from the expectation of taking apparently equal, in point of numbers. But the rebel brows.' British had evilently gained the advantage, wbich 'Do not begin your lamentation too soon, O'Car

our own turn, while in reading a novel we they were vigorously pursuing; for the Americans, roll,' said the Major. Our laurels, perhaps, may are no longer bound by the former nor cau though obstinately defending themselves, were bloom the brighter for this fresh attack; if we beat have any reasonable lope of the latter. gradually retreating towards the forest, in their rear. them from the field again, it is a double victory, In a narrative of this sort it must neces

Major Courtland watched his daughter's counte- you know.' nance, with interest, as, after the first undeciderl

sarily happen, that wounds should frequent. moment, she continued earnestly to gaze upon this deal depending on the little word if, Major.

* If"-repeated O'Carroll. There is a great ly occur, and we noticed that, in these cases, scene. Her kindling eye, her hushed cheek, her this kniglit errant had not leaped into the field, hís the almost invariable application to them profound silence, and motionless attitude, evinced rebel followers would before now bave leaped out I was balsam of some sort or other. Now we

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pp. 275.

have before had occasion, in this Gazette, carefully and judiciously made ; there is Byron won his fame in spite of his plagia-
to inform the public in general, and novel scarcely one which may not be both useful risms, and not by them. Our author may
writers in particular, that this is not good and entertaining. The questions attached be assured that it will help his reputation,
practice, that the use of balsams, in the to the more instructive extracts will fix the to be, in his next publication, more original.
case of fresh wounds is exploded, and that attention of the scholar upon those facts If a piece be a close and obvious imitation
a strip or two of sticking plaster to keep which are most worthy of being remem- of another, it gains no credit for so much
the divided portions in contact, with a band- bered. Indeed, we believe the addition of ingenuity and talent, as it may really dis-
age and occasionally a little lint, are all these questions to a Reader for the use of play. These remarks may seem severe ;
that are ever necessary in cases not severe schools, is something new, and may support but it will be easy to make the justness of
enough to demand the knife or the needle. the claim of the compiler to originality. them apparent, not only to our readers, but
We therefore pray novelists in future not There are misprints which disfigure the to our author. The Song on the 33d page
to add to the necessary evils of war, and work, and some which injure it more mate beginning
the sufferings of the wounded, the needless rially, as they obscure the sense. For ex-

Love wakes and be weeps,
irritation of balsamic detergents.

ample, in the account of the battle of the While beauty reposes,
We conclude our remarks by repeating, Nile, quoted from Southey's Life of Nelson, Or silently sleeps
that we have read this novel with considerable this sentence occurs: * Captain Peyton,

On a pillow of roses.
interest, and that after expunging the char- in the defence, took his station,” &c.; we Mid the zephyrs revealing
acters and conversations, to which we have suppose it should be, in the “ Defence.” On

The lilacks perfume,

The tire-insects wheeling
excepted, enough would still be left to page 261, Selkirk is said, when taken from
make a pleasant book.
the island where he had lived some years,

Enliven the gloom.
to have, through disease, forgotten his na- cannot fail to remind one of the Song in

tive language;" —it is probable that he for the Pirate ;-
The Columbian Class-Book, consisting of got his English through disuse, and that

Love wakes and weeps
Geographical, Historical, and Biograph- Goldsmith, from whom the extract is taken,

While beauty sleeps !

O for Musick's softest numbers,
ical Extracts, compiled from Authentic said so.

To prompt a theme
Sources, and arranged on a Plan different

For beauty's dream,
from any thing before offered the Public.

Soft as the pillow of her slumbers.
Particularly designed for the use of Reminiscences. Moral Poems and Transla-
Schools. By A. T. Lowe, M. D. Worces- tions. With an Appendix. By J. Fel-

Through groves of palm

Sigh gales of balm, ter, Mass. 1824. 12mo. pp. 455.

lowes, Esq. Exeter, N. H. 1824. 18mo. Fire-flies on the air are wheeling: The title of this book is somewhat indis

While through the gloom

Comes soft perfume
tinct. A“ Class-Book,” we take to be any There are pieces in this little volume which The distant beds of flowers revealing.
work which is adapted to the wants of the may well encourage the friends of the au-

In a late nnmber we quoted from Isaac
classes in a school. Of course, this name does thor to hope that he will succeed in the Walton's book, some verses of Herbert's,
not deine precisely the particular purpose path which he seems determined to pursue beginning
which this book is intended to answer; but, All his poems bear testimony to his indus-
we infer from the character of its contents, try,—which is as essential to success in

Sweet day, so cool, so calm, so bright,

The bridal of the earth and sky, that it is to be used as a Reader, although poetry as in any other art,--and indications

Sueet dews shall weep thy fall to-night, the questions appended to the principal ex- of talents which want culture rather than

for thou must die. tracts imply that the scholars must study as power, may be found on many pages. But On page 200, is a Poem beginning thus;well as read it.

his poetry is faulty in many important reWe cannot recommend this book as supe- spects; and it is injured by some errors in

DAY OF SWEET CHARMS. rior to all those with which it must sustain a judgment, in wbich we hope he will not

Sentiment from the Divine, Herbert. competition ; but it is better than any pub-confirm himself. He appears to overrate lished some years ago, and will not be dis- the comparative importance of exact rhyme. Day of sweet charms, o'er the heavens far gleza credited by a comparison with most of those In his Preface he expresses his confidence Thou bridal of earth and the sensitive sky, now in common use. In the Preface, the “ that his rhymes will be found, in a great Soon the last ray of thy light shall be streaming, compiler claims to have arranged his ex. measure, faultless.” Now, we do not com- For thou, with the dew-drops that weep thee, sbait tracts in an original, and peculiarly useful plain that bis rhymes are carefully and

manner; but we do not see whereon this successfully elaborated, but that in his re- Many of our readers are doubless ac-
claim rests. These extracts are like those of gard for them he has neglected the essen- quainted with William Spencer's beautiful
other Readers, historical, biographical, geo- tials of poetry. In an Ode to Despair, little poem-
graphical, moral, or purely literary ;-and if these lines occur;
Mr Lowe has been governed by any new

Too late I staid, forgive the crime,
Thy palsied hand and dreadful glare,

Unheeded flew the bours;
principle whatever, in placing them in their

Rain not on me, oh fierce Despair.

How noiseless falls the foot of time,
present order, we must confess that we are certainly, it would be more poetical to in-

That only treads on flowers.
unable to discover it. We should almost dulge in imperfect rhymes, than to paint What eye with clear account remarks
say that they were arranged in studied Despair as raining a hand and glare. On The ebbing of the glass;
disorder; the different subjects are so min-
page 78, in the line,

When all its sands are diamond sparks gled together, that it is difficult to believe

Which dazzle as they pass ? that the compiler observed any rule or

Half-robb'd of life, disrobed of reason,

O who to sober measurement method, or bad any object in view, unless it reason is represented as a garment;-we

Time's rapt'rous swiftness brings, was to present to the reader an ever-chang- think Mr Fellowes will agree with us in

When birds of Paradise bave leot
ing variety. The first extract contains a thinking this figure more new than just.

The plumage of his wings.
biographical sketch of Washington; and We are aware that some faults of this kind
then, after an account of the river Ganges, may be detected in almost every volume of

On page 114, is the following:
of Pompeii, and of Egypt, follows a descrip- poems; but it is very important that an au-

TO A YOUNG LADY. tion of our western Indians. We do not thor should know and feel them to be faults,

Some happy hours with thee I've spent. object to this apparent confusion; for it and then he will avoid them.

And resuess memory brings
helps to attain a very important object; it

There is too much imitation in this vol- The days where pleasure oftener lep!
keeps up the interest of the young reader, ume. It is in vain to cite Byron as the The magic of her wings.
and thus prevents the great evil of inatten- “ Prince of Plagiarists,” for Mr F's readers Oh, who with steady eye remarks,
tion to what he reads. The extracts are will remember, though he may forget, that Time's ebbing sands at all,

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