Page images
PDF
EPUB

THE UNITED STATES LITERARY GAZETTE.

Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. No. 1 Cornhill, Boston Terms, $5 per annum, payable in July.
VOL. I.
BOSTON, OOTOBER 15, 1824.

No. 13.
REVIEWS.

On the more proper object of this re- that any attempt to regain the subject from

view, we have to make two general re- which he had originally diverged, would be The Art of Invigorating and Prolonging marks. The first regards the extensive out of the question, or perhaps,, lifted by

Life, by Food, Clothes, Air, Exercise, acquaintance of our author with colloquial the grandeur of the occasion above all conWine, Sleep, &c., and Peptic Precepts, cant phrases, and proverbial small wit. siderations of sight, finishes bis chapter pointing out Agreeable and Effectual Meth- Being

something accomplished in this way with a copy of this anthem, properly markods to prevent

and relieve Indigestion, and ourselves, we are the better qualified to ap- ed throughout with accents, circumflexes, to regulate and strengthen the Action of preciate the excellence of Dr Kitchiner in &c., for the correct singing thereof. the Stomach and Bowels. By the author this particular, which is truly extraordina- Excepting occasional aberrations of this of The Cook's Oracle,” &c. &c. From ry; and though he sometimes repeats him- sort, the readers of these works will find in the third London Edition. Philadelphia. self, yet we are convinced that this is rather them, and particularly in the first, much 1823. 8vo. pp. 281.

from inadvertence, or the very " embarras good sense and useful information, delivered The Economy of the Eyes, and Precepts des richesses,” than from any paucity of in a familiar manner ;-much that every

for the Improvement and Preservation of saws or instances.” The other peculiarity man ought to know,—that few men out of the Sight, &c. &c. By William Kitchiner, in the writings of our author, is his natu- the medical profession do know, and fewer M. D., author of The Cook's Oracle,"

ral manner;-by which we mean bis prac still pay proper regard to. “ The Art of Invigorating and Prolong tice of following out the train of his associ- Our author's doctrine respecting the best

ing Life,&c. Boston. 1823. 8vo. pp. 224. ations, without being bound down to a ser- method of invigorating the system, is foundThe author of these works, if we may credit vile and artificial adherence to the mattered principally upon the results of the prohis account of himself, may be truly said to in band. This is well illustrated in the cess of training men for athletic exercises, bave suffered for the good of mankind. He latter part of “ The Economy of the Eyes," as taught and practised by Capt. Barclay, informed us, if we remember right, in “The where the Doctor is led very naturally and other celebrated amateurs of the fancy, Cook’s Oracle,” that he had actually eaten from the consideration of spectacles, As physicians have been taught the use and of every culinary composition described in through the intermediate steps of opera- advantage of some of the most efficient arthat extraordinary performance; which fact glasses and theatres, to the comparative ticles of the materia medica by the daring renders the occasional intimation in the distances in the last from the stage to the practices of empirics, so they are likely to first of the works before us, that he has boxes-thence to the reasons why Garrick learn from the turf or bear-garden many suffered by indigestion, the less necessary. produced a greater effect upon his audience valuable lessons in hygiene and dietetics. His acquaintance with the economy of the than his successors ;—the effect of acting What bark, or what bolus, can take from visual organs, bas also been acquired from being, as the Doctor supposes, in an inverse the victim of obesity forty or fifty pounds experience of the evils of bad eyes and ratio to the size of the theatre, which puts in a few months, and give him in exchange bad spectacles. In short, Dr Kitchiner him in mind of the great size of the mod- the lightness and elasticity of youth, impart comes before us, non ignarus mali, and, like ern ones, and this suggests (metaphysically coolness to his mind and vigour to bis musthe philanthropic traveller, who in his old speaking) the idea of a calculation of the cles, and convert the relaxed and sedentary age built a bridge over a ravine to secure actual expense of Drury Lane, which he sensualist into the hardy pugilist and pedesfuture travellers from the inconveniences proves, by official data, to have cost no more trian. Yet these things are every day efwhich he had endured all his life, is deter-|(notwithstanding what malicious people may fected by the experienced trainers for the mined that if the public do not derive some say) than the original estimate. Our au- ring and the race-course. The process for benefit from his experience, it shall be thor's ideas now begin to rise with his sub- restoring health and strength in a similar their own fault. The idea of the “ Peptic ject, and he is led to the examination of way, is doubtless more or less severe; but Precepts," was indeed naturally enough the numbers of loyal subjects, which have there is no royal road to these blessings. suggested by - The Cook's Oracle," to been contained in the theatres at the seve. “The primal, eldest curse” is upon all of us which it is an appropriate companion, and ral different times when they have been without exception; and he that may not laboth deserve to be bound into one volume, visited by his Gracious Sovereign; and be bour for food, must labour for its digestion. which would compose an epicurean manual shows by a document communicated to him We have no intention of entering here into as unique as perfect in its kind—for which by “Mr Robertson, the Treasurer to Co- the details of the system of training ; but we can find no simile more fitting, (for we vent Garden Theatre,” that, “on Wednes- referring the curious in these particulars to are merciful, and spare our readers the more day the 3d of December 1823, the perform the works of Barclay and Pierce Egan, we obvious illustrations from the Soliloquy of ances on that night being • The Cabinet proceed to notice the doctrines of our auCato) than the classical allusion of the and Timour the Tartar,' a greater number thor, according to the heads under which worthy alumnus of Marischal College, wben of persons assembled in the theatre than he himself has arranged them. he likened himself to the “half-pike or had been in it on any previous performance. The directions respecting food are nuspontoon of Achilles, one end of which the whole scene was most brilliant;. God merous and particular; and we know not could wound and the other cure-a prop- save the King' was sung several times,”– how to select any, without making longer erty belonging neither to Spanish pike, which leads to a discussion of the proper extracts than we are disposed to do, or brown-bill, partizan-halbert, Lochaber-axe, manner of singing that national anthem, without encroaching upon the province of or any other modern staff weapon what which should not be thus,

the physician. We recommend them to ever. With the first part, however, or of

our readers, with the assurance that they fensive end of this supposed volume, we Gaw-od say-tev gray-eat Jaw-orge ower kee-ing ;

will certainly do them no harm, since they have nothing to do, leaving the considera- But,

may be all summed up in this very compretion of it to those, whom native taste or acquired acumen bave enabled

God! save great George our Kin'g.

hensive general rule, viz. “to eat only of

such food-at such times and in such "To mix the food by curious rules of art.” And now the Doctor, finding probably quantities, as experience has convinced

mean

you agree with your constitution, and ab- cited in support of it from that of the confirms what we have before suspected, solutely to avoid all other.”

Lord Chancellor“ Aged men and weake that he is a bachelor,-it is this, that the Sleep- _"Child of wo, lay thy head on bodies, a short sleepe after dinner does babies are apt to be brought to table with it. thy pillow instead of thy mouth to the bot- help to nourish," to the old English prov- The part of this volume denominated tle." The Doctor maintains that of all erb, “ After dinner sit awhile.”

“Peptic Precepts,” abounds with exquisite stimulants, sleep is the best,—whether for Clothes. We were aware that many maxims, and nice calculations, of which the exhaustion of body or mind, -that a “forty absurdities prevailed among mankind in re- following is an example: “From thirty to winks' nap," is better than a glass of brandy, gard to clothing,-some ridiculous only, forty (according to the tenderness of the and that a sofa is a sine qua non in a study. and others injurious; but the following meat) has been calculated as the He does not forget, however, that this pa- grievance had escaped our notice.

number of munches that solid meat renacea cannot always be had at will,--that the downy pinions will not light on every ly absurd is the usual arrangement of bed clothes, the red lane."

Of all the customs of clothing, the most extreme-quires, to prepare it for its journey down lid. He tells us, that the habit of sleeping which, in order, as the chamber-maid fancies, to The “Economy of the Eyes” is the may be acquired,—that he who has urged make the bed look pretty in the day time, are left strangest jumble of disquisitions upon spechis nerves into a feverish irritability, can- long at the head, that they may cover the pillow. tacles, telescopes, microscopes, opera-glasnot sooth their commotions with a word, ble load on your lungs, &c. &c.

ses, theatres, and astronomy; song-singing, that there are moments when the Nepenthe

and musical ears; of judicious observations, is offered by kind nature to all, and if her The general direction respecting clothes, and mal-à-propos quotations, that we ever kindness is neglected, that she cannot be is to wear warm apparel when we are remember to have met with. It has neither whistled back like a tame spaniel ;-in short, cold, and thin and cool, when we are warm; beginning, middle, nor end. Any thing that if we do not remember we are mortal, which one would think was obvious enough; like a regular analysis of it, we believe to she will teach us the lesson with whips and but maxims of this sort are too simple for be out of the question ; and so we leave it scorpions. To those unfortunates who have many people, who cannot believe a plain to our readers, assuring them that they will their abodes in “ Elysiums of brick and reason to be a good one, and will sweat un- find some amusement, if they find nothing mortar,” our author offers “all he has, a der loads of broadcloth in hot weather, lest else in it. tear,” and to them he acknowledges that they should take cold, or shiver through a After a diligent perusal of these works, often “sleep cannot come, that comes to winter half-dressed, that they may become we profess ourselves unable to determine all.” The unction with which he touches hardened, as they term it;-in plain Eng- whether the author is really a flat or a this part of the subject will be felt by all, lish, that they may have some chance of philosopher. We have wavered in our who have ocasionally (and what denizen of suffering, less from the next season than opinion, as the reader may perceive in the a city has not?) felt the agony of sleep de- they do from the present, without seeming course of this review, as the evidence on layed, and he shall speak for himself. to be aware that a great coat would make either side preponderated. We are even

them comfortable now and ever. Sound passes through the thin party walls of mod-last should remember the aphorism of the rum natura, his account of himself is so va

These uncertain whether Dr Kitchiner is in reso unlucky as to have for your next door neigh- great Boerhaave, that “only fools and beg- rious. If he is so, we are persuaded that bours, fashionable folks, who turn night into day, or gars suffer from cold, the latter not being he is

, as we before observed, a bachelor; such as delight in the sublime economy of cinder able to procure sufficient clothes, and the and that he sings a good song. Concernsaving and cobweb catching, it is in vain to seek re- former not having the sense to wear them.” ing his age we can form no conjecture, pose, before the former has indulged in the eve

With respect to the articles of Fire and since in the “ Art of Prolonging Life" he ning's recreation of raking out the fire, and has played with the poker till it has made a3l the red Air, the author thinks that money saved in tells us that he is about forty-three,

and in coals black; or after Molidusta · the tidy one,' has buying fuel is often spent in buying physic; the “ Economy of the Eyes,” speaks of the awoke the morn, with the broom, 'the bonny, bonny and that, while it is necessary that we time when he was forty-five; but we are broom.' A determined dust-hunter or cinder-saver should have a supply of fresh air, what is certain that he has frequently amused, and murders its neighbour's sleep, with as little mercy commonly called change of air is often in- sometimes instructed us, and we shall, rattles window-shutters, till the Earth trembles jurious to invalids, it being many times like therefore, according to his desire, rather and air is aghast.' All attempts to conciliate a taking an oyster from his shell, in which recommend his books than lend them. savage, who is in this fancy, will be labour in vain. last opinion we disagree with the Doctor. The arrangement of its fire is equally the occupa- We find a very short chapter devoted to tion of the morning, and the amusement of the Exercise, which one would think deserved An Oration, pronounced at Cambridge, be

fore the Society of Phi Beta Kappa, destruction

of a cobweb, are the main business of a long one. We do not know how to acits existence.***The majority of the Dogs, Par: count for the brevity with which Dr Kitch- August 27, 1824. By Edward Everett. rots, Piano-fortes, &c. in this metropolis are action. iner passes over this subject. He probably

Boston. 1824. 8vo. pp. 67. able nuisances.***Little sweep-soot-ho is another considered, that he who did not acknowl. We welcome every indication, that intellidreadful disturber. The shrill screaming of the edge the indispensable nature of this, and gent Americans are beginning to investio'clock in cold dark weather, is a most barbarous was not fully aware both of its use and ne- gate the peculiar circumstances, the proscustom, and frequently disturbs a whole street, cessity, was not worth wasting words upon. pects, and the duties of our country. All before they rouse the drowsy sluggard who sent On the subject of Wine, our author is civilized nations are looking upon us; let for them. ***The Editor's feelings are tremblingly very diffuse. But we have not space to it not be our fault, if they look in vain. alive on this subject. “ Finis coronat opus.” How follow him through all his details. In one Throughout Europe, and in all states of ever soundly he has slept during the early part of particular he differs toto cælo from some of European origin, men are getting new terrupted from continuing to its natural termina- our modern epicures, -roundly asserting, thoughts, new hopes, new purposes; plans tion, his whole system is shook by it, and all that that all wines begin to deteriorate after of revolution, if not of liberty, are agitatsleep has before done for him is undone in an in being kept five or six years, and that the ed; they who govern have been made to stant; he gets up distracted and languid, and the best way to make old wine is to mix water join themselves in solemn league, the betonly part of his head, that is of any use to hini, is with new. “ All,” says he, “ that the out- ter to maintain their common cause by the hole between his nose and chin.

rageous advocates for óvin passé' really common efforts; the people of many realins Among the variety of queer things in this know about it is, that sherry is yellow, and are demanding to know some reason for the chapter is the definition of single grog, port is black, and that if they drink enough rights which their rulers claim ;-and every “one brandy and nine waters." The siesta of either of them, it will make them where, they who hope for change, and they and semi-siesta (i. e. putting the feet on a drunk.” Upon such abominably heterodox who fear it, are looking at this country. stool about eight inches high) are recom- opinions we offer no comment. The Doctor Our success, our unparalleled, and, until mended, and we add our authority, quan- has one association with wine, which is ev- realized, unimagined political happiness, tum valeat, to the host of those, who are idently not an agrceable one, and which nurtures the hopes of millions, if it did not

inspire them; and from our history, our and truth is begioning to desecrate; let not free institutions, still it may be inquired, whether conduct, and our condition, they ask in these feelings of reverence and submission the new form of social organization among us is struction. None can doubt that important be extirpated, but turned upon their proper of our literature? As the country advances, as the relations exist between this country and all objects. The great principle that all por population becomes denser, as wealth accumulates, others in Christendom. The tendency of litical power rests upon opinion, will-at as the various occasions of a large, prosperous, and the political movements of this age-we do least may-soon be tested by tremendous polite community call into strong action and vigo. not say their irresistible and absolute ten- experiments; of its truth there can be do

rous competition the literary talent of the coundency, for of the future we have no right doubt,-public opinion must be victorious try will no peculiar form or direction be given to to speak in terms of certainty, but their ob- and absolute; how infinitely important is it, this question an answer nuust, without any hesitavious present tendency—is towards the then, that this omnipotent opinion be duly tion, be given in the affirmative. Literature as well reclamation and recovery of their rights, enlightened. Let the nations of Europe be in its origin, as in its true and only genuine characby the people, and in this path we have made to know what manner of people we ter, is but a more perfect communication of man advanced until all precedent is left behind, are, and how we became what we are. The with man and mind with mind. It is a grave, sus

tained, deliberate utterance of fact, of opinion, and and

all nations who would tread it must be examination of our national condition, and feeling ; or a free and happy reflection of nature, of content to follow. It may be believed, of the causes which created it, and the influ- character, or of manners; and if it be not these it that our revolution, with our subsequent na- ences which affect it, is a work of too much is poor imitation. It may, therefore, be assumed tional establishment, bas mainly contributed importance to be left undone-or ill done-as certain, that the peculiarity of our condition and to awake the world, and stir up the spirits of any longer. Let it be rescued from the institutions will be reflected in some peculiarity of men to high purposes and strong actions; or hands of those who can do no more than early to say.* Literary history informs us of many

our literature; but what that shall be it is as yet too that it is but one mighty circumstance in make it an opportunity for nonsensical and studies, which have been neglected as dangerous to that vast chain of causes and effects, which nauseating glorification, and of those who existing governments; and many others which have may be traced backwards to ages of dark- are so free from vulgar and conceited preju- been cultivated because they were prudent and ness-ages when the press began to extend dice, that they can see nothing remarkable safe. We have hardly the means of settling from the aid and influence of truth to countless in this conntry,-nothing that is valuable analogy, what direction the mind will most deci.

cively take, when left under strong excitements to multitudes, and Luther armed himself with in that which is peculiar-nothing in our action, wholly without restraint from the arm of the Scriptures to fight down the Church- freedom but licentiousness-nothing in our power

. It is impossible to anticipate what garand leads forwards to a brighter futurity simplicity but rudeness-nothing in our na. ments our native muses will weave for themselves. than the hopes of men ever dared to pic- tional economy but short-sighted and waste- There was a time before an epic poem, a tragedy,

To foretell our literature would be to create it. ture. It is of no consequence, what opin- ful economy-nothing in them who claim or a historical composition had ever been produced ion is held as to the exact manner or de- for our native land a decided superiority in by the wit of man. It was a time of vast and gree, in which our success has caused or the best blessings God can give a nation, powerful empires, of populous and wealthy cities. promoted that struggling for rights, which but idle boasting and childish, miserable But these new and beautiful forms of human thought characterizes these days. Certain it is, vanity. Let men of sense undertake this and feeling all sprung up in Greece, under the stim

ulus of her free institutions. Before they appeared that we have gained what other nations are work; men of strong and patient minds,

in the world, it would have been idle for the philoseeking ;-that we are, what they are striv- men of knowledge and experience, who have sopher to form conjectures, as to the direction, ing to become. There are essential diffe- dwelt among the people of other lands, and which the kindling genius of the age was to asrences between us and these, which should studied them and their ways. That the re- sume. He, who could form, could and would realbe pointed out, for they lead to importantsult of their labours will be received abroad ise the anticipation, and it would cease to be an anticonsequences; with some advantages which as a welcome gift, they need not that we cipation. Assuredly epic poetry was invented then we have not, they must become free in de- should tell them; and the attention it will Iliad, not in its full detail of circumstance, but in

and not before, when the gorgeous vision of the spite of many hindrances, which neither we meet with here, may be learned from the the dim conception of its leading scenes and sterner nor our fathers were tasked to subdue. extreme interest with which this very long features, burst into the soul of Homer. ImpossiNow, it is an easy thing for them to become oration was heard, and from the fact, that ble, indeed, were the task fully to read the auspices free who are ready for freedom; but it is the copy now before us, although it is not of the niind, under the influence of institutions as very hard to prepare for liberty, to make so stated upon the title page, is of a second those of Greece. But if, as no one will deny, our susceptible of its blessings, men to whose edition.

political system bring more minds into action on common thoughts and feelings, to whose ha- The subject of this Address, is “ The pe- equal terms, if it provide a prompter circulation of bitual life, it is altogether foreign. But at culiar motives to intellectual exertion in thought throughout the community, if it give weight this moment this great work of preparation America.” This important inquiry is closely thousands and millions those sons of emulation, is going on. The cause of justice and of connected with all the most interesting pe- who crowd the narrow strait where honor travels, truth may not be much furthered by local culiarities in our condition and prospects. then it seems not too much to foretell some pecu. and spasmodic reactions against established in pursuing it, Mr Everett first examines liarity at least, if we may not call it improvement, abuses. Men will be ruled by men, and the common opinion, that literature needs in that literature, which is but the voice and uttergovernments will continue to be for the a patronage which cannot exist without ance of all this mental action. There is little good of the few, until the crowds, the pop- monarchical institutions, and shows it to be will receive great improvements; that the written

doubt that the instrument of communication itself ulace of nations are freed from those habits an error. He then illustrates with great and spoken language will acquire force and power; and those vices, which make it impossible power, the peculiar facilities afforded to the possibly, that forms of address

, wbolly new, will be that they should govern themselves. A na intellectual progress of this country, by the struck out, to meet the universal demand for new tional character which could endure the extension of one language, government, energy. When the improvement and the inven. establishment of an actual government of and character, over so wide a space as the for, as well to its happy author as the world. But laws, neither could nor would submit for an United States of America. We have not where great interests are at stake, great concerns hour to the tyrannous rule of any man or room to follow the course of Mr Everett's men; and, until such a character as this is reasoning, and cannot, easily, by a few ex- *The peculiar natural features of the American created in Europe, the uproar about Legit- amples, do justice to the strength of his ar. Continent are of themselves sufficient to produce imates and Carbonari, and royalists and guments, or the beauty of his illustrations. some strong peculiarity in its literature, but this republicans, and kings, and cortes, “this Perhaps no part of this oration interested us separate Essay. It has, I am permitted to say, been common cry of curs,” cannot be stilled. The more than those passages which relate to the made the subject of one, by M. de Salazar, the minpreparation for the enjoyment of all that character of the growing literature of this ister from the Colombian Republic to the United we enjoy, we should aid; and we may aid country, and the difficulty of predicting States, which will shortly be presented to the friends it by enlightening the public mind of the what that character will be.

of American letters. An essay on such a subject,

from an accomplished citizen of a free State, eslabmany nations from which we sprang. Fol

But though it be conceded to us that the tenden- lisbed in the kingdom of Nueva Granada, is itself lies and falsehoods which time and authori

cy, which is alleged to exist in this country toward an admirable illustration of the genial influence of ty had sanctified, the progress of reason I the political career, is not a vicious effect of our popular institutions on Intellectual Improvement.

*

rapidly succeeding each other, depending on almost | Hume and Smollet Abridged, and Continued | instrument of instruction, than either alone. innumerable wills, and yet requiring to be appre- to the Accession of George IV. By John These engravings are numerous, and reprebended in a glance, and explained in a word; where

Robinson, D. D. With 160 Engravings. sent strikingly the most important facts in movements are to be given to a vast empire, not by transmitting orders, but by diffusing opinions, ex

New York. 1824. 12mo. pp. 501. English bistory; and, with the correctness citing feelings, and touching the electric chord of We think the true principles of education of the statements and general liveliness of sympathy, there language and expression will be both the science and the art--are as well the style, make the work very well suited come intense, and the old processes of communica; understood here, as in England, or else- to the domestic reading of children. tion must put on a vigor and to the aspect of the times. Our country is called, where. The attention of scholars, and of as it is, practical ; but this is the element for intel practical men, is directed quite as much to lectual action. No strongly marked and high toned that important subject; and it is reasona

Narrative of a Pedestrian Journey through literature; poetry, eloquence, or ethics; ever apble to believe, that our best books for

Russian and Siberian Tartary, from the peared but in the pressure, the din, and crowd of schools, and for domestic instruction, will

the Frontiers of China to the Frozen Sea great interests, great enterprises, perilous risks, and dazzling rewards. Statesmen, and warriors, and soon cease to be the re-prints of English

and Kamtchatka ; performed during the poets, and orators, and artists, start up under one works. This is already the case in a con- years 1820, 1821, 1822, and 1823. By and the same excitement. They are all branches siderable degree. Many of the school

Capt. John Dundas Cochrane, R. N. of one stock. They form, and cheer , and stimulate, books now in most common'use, are of home

Philadelphia. 1824. 8vo. pp. 415. and what is worth all the rest, understand each oth manufacture; and of the new works which What is there, in which modern times so er; and it is as truly the sentiment of the student, in the recesses of his cell, as of the soldier in the the press of this country is pouring forth far excel the ancient, as in the increase of ranks, which breathes in the exclamation ; with a profusion which will soon wipe away travels? We do not read of accounts of To all the sons of sense proclaim,

all reproach of literary barrenness, the voyages and travels published by the Greeks One glorious hour of crowded life number of those which relate, in some way and Romans; few then travelled except on Is worth an age without a name.

or other, to the work of education, bears a business, and the very few who travelled Literature, as has been partly hinted, is the voice very large proportion to that of the whole. for improvement, chose rather to work up of the age and the state. The character. energyd all,

in arithmetic, we think that Wilkins, thus acquired, into formal histories of the

astronomy, in geography, and, more than the stock of information, which they had imaged forth in the conceptions of its great minds. Worcester, and Colburn, have fairly driven nations among whom they had sojourned, They are the organs of the time; they speak not from the field competitors, who had all the than to give a detailed account of their pertheir own language, they scarce think their own advantage of established and extensive sonal adventures. In the time of the Cruthoughts; but under an impulse like the prophetic enthusiasm of old, they must feel and utter the sen

In other branches, less has been sades there was of course much travelling:

usage. timents which society inspires. They do not cre done, and in history, little indeed is yet ac- but we know of no writer among the Cruate, they obey

the Spirit of the Age; the serene complished. We must, therefore, be con- saders who has attempted to tell what hapand beautiful spirit descended from the highest tented with using works provided for us in pened particularly to himself

, though severheaven of liberty, who laughs at our little preconcep- foreign lands ;-and may be glad that the al wrote histories of the crusades. On the fore him the men and the nations, that cross his path. supply from abroad is in a good measure revival of commerce, the great agent of By an unconscious instinct, the mind, in the strong satisfactory, in respect of quality as well as civilization, different adventurers, some sucaction of its powers, adapts itself to the number quantity.

cessful and others unsuccessful as to the and complexion of the other minds, with which it is The pretensions, and the merit of the main object of their wanderings, favoured to enter into communion or conflict. As the voice work now under notice, may be stated in their countrymen, on their return, with the falls into the key, which is suited to the space to be few words. From all the examination we stories of their hair-breadth escapes, and filled, the mind, in the various exercises of its creative faculties, strives with curious search for that have been able to make, it appears to be a of the wonderful things which they had master-note, which will awaken a vibration from faithful abridgment of Hume and Smollet, seen. Ignorant nations--whatever may the surrounding community, and which if it do not as to facts; and with respect to the style be thought of it-are not apt to be credufind, it is itself too often struck dumb.

of a work like this, it is, perhaps, praise lous; and, until lately, travellers were genIn his second paragraph, Mr Everett al. enough to say, that it has no striking char- erally stigmatized by the appellation of Iudes to the “ Panegyric on Athens,” and acteristics. Many expressions—even many liars. Herodotus bas been called the fathoffers the example of that beautiful work. periods and paragraphs, appear to be copied er of liars ; Marco Polo was held in light as an excuse for the choice of his theme. No verbatim from the originals; and the author's esteem by bis countrymen because he pub-. excuse for this choice was needed; and per- own style, in those parts which are wholly lished such monstrous stories; and in a rehaps the orator meant rather that the sug- re-written or added, is animated, and, gene- ceot work of an eminent scholar, Sir John gestion should explain his mode of treating it rally speaking, in good taste. The preju- Maundeville is denominated the greatest * In a composition more directly and exclu- dices of Hume-if prejudices they were traveller and the greatest liar of his age. sively devoted to a severe examination of the which, in the opinion of those whose po- Times are now altered; men of establishtopics of this oration, we should require the litical views differ from his, have influenced ed reputations for science and arts, now facts and principles assumed, to be stated and falsified his account of the Common- travel, not for the purpose of amassing with more exactness, and more specific qual wealth, and of the reigns of the last of the wealth, nor in the train of conquering arifications; and should demand a more full Stuarts, are still more prominent in this mies, but go peacefully forth “ to see many array, and a clearer exposition of opposing abridgment; either because the senti cities and nations;" to establish important circumstances. The subject could not be ments of the author are necessarily stated in abstract truths, and to enlarge in every exhausted, nor fully discussed, within the an abridgment with less periphrasis or quali- possible mode the range of human knowlspace which a spoken address could not fication, or because Mr Robinson agrees in edge. The more we learn, the more we well exceed; but Mr Everett's Oration opinion with Hume, and is willing to say just are ready to believe ; and the character of cannot fail of encouraging and confirming what he thinks. The engravings are from many modern travellers is such, that, howthose who hope that the intellectual works the most valuable and celebrated pictures, ever strange may seem the things of which of this country will bear testimony, by or rather from miniature copies by Mr they tell us, we rely with unlimited confitheir power and splendour, to the propi- Craig. The drawing of them is very good; dence on their veracity. Their observatious influence of our free institutions, and but the American publishers did not employ tions are daily rescuing their predecesthe many favorable conditions of our na- the best of our artists, or else the engrav-sors from the charge of falsity so often tional existence. We think that all will ings of the copy now before us were not preferred against them. Herodotus is provadmit the correctness of his general views, struck off until the plates had been consid-ed to have been accurate in very many and--if we may so speak-adopt the prin- erably worn. Miss Edgeworth says, that instances where he was formerly discreditciples of prophecy which he has laid down, the young learn more readily, and more ef- ed; the fame of Marco Polo' is rescued who are able to comprehend them, and are fectually, from pictures than from books; from the obloquy with which it was so long not deluded by some prejudice.

but both together, form perhaps a better I overwhelmed ; and though we have never been so fortunate as to see a copy of Sir of the government. With this protection, and such country very little known, and there is no John Maundeville's

travels, we have found recommendations as it might procure me, I would map of it annexed. We have traced the little that was very particularly incredible pacity, nor hesitated even to sell myself as a slave, route as well as we were able upon the in the extracts which we have met with If Cinał miserable alternative were necessary to ac best map that we could procure, and benow and then, in the course of our read- complish the object I had in view. * * * lieve we have succeeded in most instances ing. We rejoice at this change of things : My answer from the admiralty was unfavourable, at guessing within five hundred miles at the it is one among a multitude of reasons expressing an unwillingness to countenance the un situation of the place mentioned; but it is which make us very well satisfied that our dertaking ; whether from tender regard to the safety not a little vexatious in reading a work of birth was deferred till the latter part of the of my person, or because they considered such an this nature, to look in vain for towns and eighteenth century,

other reason I shall leave the reader to conjecture. stations and even rivers without number, The book which is now before us is I was not, however, the less convinced of the prac the names of which seem to the author another proof of the zeal, with which that ticability of my plan; but finding that a young com- “ familiar in his mouth as household words” information, which can be gained only by mander like myself was not likely to be employed -many of them indeed we would rather travelling, is sought in the present day'; afloat, I determined to undertake a journey varyshould be familiar in any one's mouth than and though Capt. Cochrane failed in the ing only the object and the scene to that of the un

fortunate Ledyard, viz. to travel round the globe, as ours ;---they look as if the attempt to proultimate objects of his expedition, yet we nearly as can be done by land, crossing from Nor-nounce them would save our tooth-drawer have good cause to congratulate our read thern Asia to America, at Behring's Streights ; 1 some labour. ers that he made the journey, and has pub- also determined to perform the journey on foot, for Capt. Cochrane very candidly states, in lished this account.

the best of all possible reasons, that my finances his preliminary remarks, Capt. Cochrane has prefixed to his book allowed of no other. I accordingly procured two a dedication to Lord Melville ; and had we, the continents of Europe, Asia, and America. ***

The account I am about to give of my travels years' leave of absence, and prepared to traverse

can but little gratify the scientific reader. I conas is our wont, begun at the beginning, we My first and leading object was to trace the been ever so skillful could I, travelling on foot,

sess my ignorance of natural history, nor had I should have proceeded to read the narra- shores of the Polar Sea along America, by land, as have brought away with me any

specimens of anitive with strong prejudices against the Captain Parry is now attempting to do by sea; and mals

, plants, or minerals. I had no means of carauthor ;-a more debasing dedication we have seldom seen. Our readers will scarce and manners in the various situations and condi- rying with me such instruments

as are necessary for ly believe, that Capt. Cochrane gravely fail of presenting many opportunities.

tions of life ; for which such a journey could not making geographical observations of places, of the tells Lord Melville, that he is permitted to therefore, procured such documents as were ne- instruments I did possess were taken from me, as

state of the air, or such other matters as are geneHaving,

rally expected to be noted by travellers. The few hope “ that his Lordship may derive a few cessary, and filled my knapsack with such articles

will hereafter appear. hours of amusement from the perusal of the as I considered requisite to enable me to wander work; and that should this wish fortunate through the wilds, deserts, and forests of three quar- Though, however, this work does not ly be accomplished,” Capt. Cochrane “ will ters of the globe, I quitted London and landed at abound with observations valuable to sci

Dieppe from the packet-boat. not consider his time to have been useless

ence, it is full of what is perhaps not less ly employed.” Ye Yankees, just look at

To attempt to give an analysis of this worthy of our attention, and what to a large this—a journey on foot, occupying three or journey would be equally vain and useless. majority of readers will be more interesting, four years, and an octavo book of four hun- Suffice it to say, that our author travelled than calculations on the length of the pendred and fifteen pages-performed, written, chiefly on foot, through France, Germany, dulum, and on the magnetic variation. It and published, -and the author's time not and Prussia, to St Petersburg, where, be abounds with what we doubt not is a coruselessly employed, if the result of all this ing furnished with two writs, one patent rect delineation of the habits and mode of labour furnish a few hours' amusement to a and one close, from the Emperor of all the life of the savage tribes scattered over the Lord ! But Lord Melville is First Lord Russias, permitting him to travel through vast plains of Siberia, and along the banks of the Admiralty, and John Dundas Coch- the empire on foot, and commanding all in of the rivers which run into the Frozen rane is a Captain of the Royal Navy, out authority to assist bim as occasion might Ocean. The sum of our author's observaof employment. Luckily we happened not require, he set off, and skirting the fron- tions is well expressed in his conclusion, to observe the dedication when we first tiers of China, made his way to the mouth which we extract with pleasure. opened the book; and we enjoyed undi- of the river Kolyma, on the borders of the

I feel convinced that compassion is the leading Frozen Ocean. minished pleasure in its perusal. Next to

There he found Baron characteristic of what are termed barbarians, and the dedication comes a well-written pre

Wrangel preparing for his expedition to that man, in a state of nature, will freely give to face, in which the author shows much more ascertain the north-east point of Asia. Be- the distressed that bread which he would not sell manliness and independence while address- ing a foreigner, Capt. Cochrane was not mane, and that he gives more from the dictates of a ing the public, than he displayed

while permitted to join this expedition ; and at- good heart, than from ostentation. I have received crouching before his patron.

tempted next to cross the country of food from a family who were almost in a starving Capt. Cochrane's zeal for travelling, and Tchuktchi, and pass over Behring's Strait state, and am, therefore, justified by grateful expehis object in the journey which he made, into America. Here again he was disap- rience, in affirming that those people who are the

most ignorant and uncivilized, are the most hospitwill better appear fron the following pas- pointed; for the Tchuktchi refused him a

able and friendly to their fellows. sages of his first chapter, than from any passage ; so he turned about and went to

Should my readers concur with me in this opinabstract which we could make of them.

Okotsk, whence he hoped to obtain a pas- ion, as deduced from the facts I have stated in this sage to America.

On his arrival here, journal, they will not regret to have devoted a few In the month of January, 1820, J addressed a letter however, he learned that another Russian hours to its perusal; and with these sentiments I to the Secretary of the Lords Commissioners of the expedition had sailed under Capt. Vassi- conclude this narration. interior of Africa, which should have for its object lieff

, having in view the same object which The acuteness of the Tchuktchi, a tribe the ascertaining of the course and determination of he had. Being thus defeated or forestalled who wander over the north-eastern exthe river Niger. Besides the bent of my own in- at all points, he passed from Okotsk over to tremity of Asia, is well exemplified in the clination, I had an inducement to this step in the Kamtchatka, and spent his time partly in account of our author's attempt to treat conviction, established by experience, of my capa-wooing and partly in journeying over the with them for permission to travel through destrian traveller ; having, on the conclusion of the peninsula, till at length he married, and their country: We think Kacharga and general peace, traversed on foot the beautiful coun- with his wife returned to Okolsk, and his fellow chief would make very clever

ries of France, Spain, and Portugal, an excursion thence across land again to the shores of diplomatists. in which I certainly underwent a full proportion of the Baltic, where he embarked, and, hav- The next topic started was that of my desire to fatigue and privations.

The plan I purposed to follow was nearly that ing landed in England, published his jour- accompany the Tchuktchi through their country, adopted by Mungo Park in bis first journey ; intend

nal. There is one great defect in the and this seemed to require more generalship than ing to proceed alone, and requiring

only to be fur- book, which we have severely, felt while preter, commenced by informing the Tchukichi Aished with the countenance of some constituent part reading it; the route described is across all people, that, the Emperor understanding two

« PreviousContinue »