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of the face upwards or downwards; for classed. Above all, we are confounded at the editors of this new Journal to pursue a when the face is directed downwards, the the continually increasing number of in- different plan. “ It cannot have escaped obeyes that look at us must be turned up- sects; it is by thousands that travellers servation,” they say, “ that the necessity, wards from the position of the face to bring them from the hot climates. The imposed upon writers in Medical Journals, which they belong ; and if to eyes so drawn, cabinet of the King contains above of attaching their names to communicaan upward cast of features bě substituted twenty-five thousand species; and there tions, very much restricts that latitude of for the former, the eyes immediately look are at least as many more in the various discussion, and freedom of remark, which, above us.

cabinets of Europe. The work of M. it is believed, would tend, in a mateFrom these, and other details given in Strauss on the May-bug, has just shown rial degree, to advance the interests of the paper, the author concludes that the that this little body, of an inch in length, medical science. With a view principally apparent direction of the eyes to or from has three hundred and six hard pieces, to obviate this defect, the present Journal the spectator, depends upon the balance of serving as envelopes, four hundred and has been undertaken. It is not intended, two circumstances combined in the same ninety-four muscles, twenty-four pairs of therefore, to interfere with the many rerepresentation, namely, 1. The general nerves, and forty-eight pairs of tracheæ. spectable Journals already published in this position of the face presented to the spec

country, but to supply the void caused by tator, 2. The turn of the eyes from that COMPARISON OF BAROMETRICAL WITH TRIG- their indiscriminate rejection of anonyposition; and he ibence proceeds to inquire

mous articles, however great the ability or why, if the eyes of a portrait look at the The hill selected for this comparative ingenuity with which they are recomspectator placed in front of the picture, measurement is situated on the western

mended." they follow him in every other direction. part of the northern coast of Spitsbergen. When two objects are seen on the ground A small bay formed by the shore of the at different distances from us in the same mainland to the north-east of the hill, being direction, one appears and must be repre- frozen over, afforded a perfectly level base, Much has been said of the apparatus sented exactly above the other, so that a and corrections for inequality were thus lately applied in Great Britain for the revertical plane from the eye would pass rendered unnecessary. A polished copper moval of poisons swallowed into the stomthrough them, and since such a line will be cone was fixed upon a staff at the summit ach, and much credit is undoubtedly due seen upright, however far we move to one of the hill, the apex of which was proposed for the invention and application of the inside, it follows that the same objects still as the height to be measured ; it stood forty- struments used for this purpose. A great seem to be in a line with us exactly as in four inches above the highest pinnacle of deal may be done in this way to prevent the front view, seeming, as we move, to the summit. By the trigonometrical meas- the fatal effects of poison, and the number turn from their first direction.

urement the altitude of the cone was found of instances in wbich it has been successIn portraits, the permanence of direc- to be one thousand six hundred and forty- fully put in use, upon men as well as anition with reference to the spectator, and four feet; and by the barometrical, every mals, is already considerable. To whom, corresponding change of its apparent posi- precaution being used by the observer to however, the credit of first employing this tion in space when he moves to either side, secure an accurate result, it was ascertain- method is due, will be perceived bġ the foldepend upon the same principles. The ed to be 1640.07 feet. The experiment lowing quotation from Dr Beck's work on nose drawn in front with its central line was made by Captain Sabine.

Medical Jurisprudence. “Dr Physick of upright, continues directed to the specta

Philadelphia, published a paper in 1812, in tor, though viewed obliquely; or if the

which he mentions that he successfully apright side of the nose is represented, it Some new experiments relating to the plied the syringe to a child poisoned with must appear directed to the right of the velocity of sound have been made in Hol- laudanum, and Dr Dorsey afterwards cured spectator in all situations; and eyes that land by Drs G. Moll, and A. Van Beck. two individuals by the same treatment.. turn in a due degree from that direction For these experiments they selected two That distinguished surgeon, however, subtoward the spectator, so as to look at him open and elevated spots in the plains of sequently states, that Dr Alexander Mears, when viewed in front, will continue to do Utrecht, distinctly visible from each other, 2d, first suggested the invention in 1797, so when viewed obliquely.

and distant about 96.64 fathoms. They meas- although he (Dr Physick) was ignorant of ured the interval between seeing the light this fact when he applied'it practically. I

and hearing the sound of fire arms, by conceive Dr Physick is entitled to the Cuvier lately presented a report to the clocks with conical pendulums, which di- honor of having been the first wbo saved Academy of Sciences on the state of Nat- vide the twenty-four hours into two million life by its means.” ural History, and the increase of our knowl parts, and one of the indexes of which edge in that department since the return gives one hundredth part of a decimal secof maritime peace, the details of which ond. Each station was also furnished with are peculiarly interesting. Linnæus, in a good barometer, several accurate ther

Professor Berzelius observes, that posi1778, indicated about eight thousand species mometers and excellent telescopes, and of plants, M. Decandolle now describes the humidity of the air was determined by ly distinguished by the taste, on making the

tive and negative electricity may be readiforty thousand, and within a few years Daniell's Hygrometer. It appears from their

electric current pass, by means of a point, they will doubtless exceed fifty thousand. experiments that at the temperature of 32 Buffon estimated the number of quadrupeds degrees, the velocity of sound is 1089.7445 to the tongue. The taste of the positive

electricity is acid, that of the negative is at about three hundred. M. Desmarets English feet per sexagesimal second.

more caustic, and, as it were, alkaline. has just enumerated above seven hundred, and be is far from considering this list complete. M. de Lacepède wrote twenty The first number of the New York years ago the history of all the known spe- Monthly Chronicle of Medicine and Surge- A description of a supposed new metal cies of fishes; the whole did not amount to ry, was issued in July. It is to be publish- with a specimen, was lately sent to Sir one thousand five hundred. The cabinet of ed on the 15th day of every month, cach Humphrey Davy, called Taschium, from the King alone, has now above two thou- number containing thirty-two pages octa- the mine of Taschio, where it was found. sand five hundred, which, says Cuvier, are vo. It has been always the custom with The specimen sent was said to be silver but a small proportion of those which the writers of original essays in Medical Jour containing the new metal; the two metals seas and rivers would furnish. We no lon-nals, to attach their names to their com- having been separated by amalgamation, ger venture to fix numbers for the birds inunications, as if assuming a kind of re- and the mercury afterwards driven off, on and reptiles; the cabinets are crowded sponsibility for the truth and merit of what dissolving it in pure nitric acid, it was with new species which require to be they communicate. It is the intention of stated that the Taschiuin would remain as









a black powder. It was described as being


CUMMINGS, HILLIARD & CO. combustible, with a bluish flame, a peculiar CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & CO. No. 1 HAVE just received from London an exsmell, and dissipation of the product.

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Among those which they have lately published Vetus Testamentum ex Versione Septua

ginta Interpretum Secundum exemplar Colburn's Arithmetic Both excellent ele- Vaticanum Romæ Editum. Accedunt VaDo. Sequel

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riæ Lectiones e codice Alexandrino, necnon The luminous power of these insects has Elements of Astronomy, illustrated with Introductio, J. B. Carpzovii. Oxonii, E been ascertained, by Dr T. J. Todd, to re- Plates, for the use of Schools and Academies, with side in a peculiar matter of an adhesive, Questions. By John H. Wilkins, A. M. Second

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Index Rerum, necnon editionum Wesselpowers of these insects are exclusively re- very much improved.

et Schaferi Collatio. Editio nova. Oxonii. ferrible to vital action, and that their use Cummings' First Lessons in Geography

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Pronouncing Spelling Book, by J. A. Bibliothecæ Præfecto. Impressum Romæ. All publishers of books throughout the Cummings. Third edition. This Spelling Book Denuo impressum Londini. 1823. 8vo. United States, are very earnestly requested contains

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Archælogia Græca, or the Antiquities of emies, with

four Maps of the countries through is added an Appendix, containing a concise We have just learned from our printers that the which our Saviour and his Apostles travelled. publication of this number will be somewhat retarded. Wednesday and Thursday were lost by

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, Spelling Books, Dictionaries, fc. account of the Lives and Writings of the anniversary; the review on Monday will call most Also, Inkstands, Quills, Drawing Paper, Writing most celebrated Greek authors. By G. of their workmen to Boston ; and the confusion in Paper, Ink, Penkni res, Scissors Globes, and all ar. Dunbar, F. R. S. E. 2 vols. calf. cident to such occasions may probably affect the ticles usually wanted in Schools. work of other days. As these circumstances render some delay una

NEW BOOKS. voidable, we hope our readers will receive them as DRAWING MATERIALS.. PRIVATE Correspondence of William a sufficient apology.


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Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. No. 1 Cornhill, Boston.- --Terms, $5 per annum, payable in July.
Vol. I.

No. 11.

little restraint upon his fine fancy and ex- of living or inanimate nature,--and to quisite humour, and bade him be more measure the excellence of an author rath

careful in future, under penalty of a whip-er by his power, vivacity, and originality in Tales of a Traveller, Part I. By Geoffrey ping. Accordingly he became more care- thinking, than by the beautiful flow, the Crayon, Gent. Author of the Sketch ful;

-and but few things occur in the Hall measured cadences, or the skilful choice Book," "

Bracebridge Hall,Knicker- to startle one with excessive strangeness. of words. But, while we are ready with our bocker's New York,” &c. Philadelphia. Still we can hardly regret that Mr Irving tribute of praise to Mr Irving's fine sense, 1824. 8vo. pp. 166.

tried the experiment of subjecting his pow- fine taste, and finer fancy, we cannot but WHILE Mr Irving wrote Salmagundi and ers to the taste of others; because, trust think that his reputation rests quite as much Knickerbocker, he was learning to write. ing to the testimony of this first part of upon his exquisite manner. While we read He was not only, to use a common phrase, Traveller's Tales, we believe he has gained the best of his works, we feel that we are forming his style, but acquiring just notions wisdom enough out of the comparative fail- with a sensible man, an accomplished scholof the strength and nature of his powers, ure of his last work, to prevent his failing ar, and a most skilful writer; but he seems ascertaining what he could and what he again from the same error, to wit, that of to belong rather to the last age, when it could not do, and thus, what he could wise- following foolish advice. We do not mean was considered a matter of much more moly and safely attempt. We suppose that to suggest to Mr Irving to make no changes ment than in the present, that the dress his next work, the Sketch Book, was written whatever, and write on to the end of his which the thoughts put on should adorn in exact conformity with his own idea of days just as he has written,- for we would them. Very few living authors are in such what he could do best;—and perhaps no not follow the example we reprobate,—but favour with so large a public, as Mr Irving; work of elegant letters ever won for its we would express the hope, that in future but of these few not one has achieved this author more sudden and extended populari- he will rely upon his own knowledge of his success, without exhibiting more power,-a ty. But while the critics every where ad- own intellect.

stronger and a wider grasp of mind. mitted that Mr Irving told good stories de- Mr Irving, as an elegant writer, has no We think this first number of the Tales lightfully, they were so true to the calling rival, and scarcely a competitor, in this will be very acceptable to the public. The as to insist that he did not know so well as country. He has certainly done more than frame in which the pictures are set is they what paths in the great field of litera- ) any other to make us respectable abroad, extremely well devised and executed. A ture it was best for him to pursue. His as a literary people, but we think he has hunting dinner is followed by a storm, sketches and tales were disconnected and advanced our national reputation for schol- which shuts up a great variety of people did not help each other; the numbers of arship and talent chiefly, by directing the within the Hall of a worthy fox-hunting this work did not appear to constitute so attention of others upon us : by persuading Baronet. Pleasant conversation and pleasmuch of a book as they in fact did, because them that we may produce something here ant stories enliven the supper table; and they appeared separately. Still they were worth looking after. It is difficult to de- one of the guests,—the Traveller himself so captivating, they proved so clearly that fine with any exactness the character which whose tales Mr Crayon relates, -sleeps or Geoffrey Crayon possessed uncommon pow- our infant literature bears, or to predict what tries to sleep in a kind of haunted chamber, ers, interesting and gratifying all classes character it will bear; but it is easy to assure which gives occasion to the last and best of readers, his critics in the most friendly one's self that it has and will have little tale. We suppose that Boccaccio exhibited manner advised him to try his hand at accordance with Mr Irving's production; this mode of stringing stories together in something else ;-inasmuch as bis absolute and he is felt by every one, at home and his Decamerone, for the first time, and the success in the course he had chosen was abroad, not to belong, in his writings, to fashion has been worn out in Italy by his proof positive that he would do well to this country. It can hardly be thought imitators. We recollect po attempt to inleave it. His powers, said they, are cramp- excessive boasting to assert, that the gen. troduce it into English literature since the ed by the narrowness of the subjects on ius of Americans is as strong as that of days of Spenser; but Mr Irving's success which they are exerted; his imagination others, and we are borne out by reasons will probably bring upon him a crowd of wants elbow room; his canvass is so scan- too obvious to need a more particular re- followers. ty that his finest figures are stinted in their cital, in supposing that it will be some- The first story is the “ Adventure of My porportions or thrust into corners; enlarge what rash, enterprising, forgetful of the Uncle”—and it is a quiz of a ghost story, his sphere of intellectual action and his majesty of criticism, and regardless of arti- located in France. Just at the interesting mind will expand with it; give him subjects ficial roles, venerable precedents, and obso- moment, the story ends with an emphatic which can draw him out fully, and he will lete things in general. Before long, it is Bah! uttered by a French marquis; in exhibit more strength, grace, and beauty of probable that many men of talent will which the readers will be very apt to join. intellect than he yet has credit for. Unior- write well on this side of the Atlantic; but The second, the “ Adventure of My Aunt," tunately-for the subjects he had chosen, we think a successful American author is a sort of pendant to the first, and is rathand his mode of treating them, were ex- will much oftener exhibit an active, power- er common-place. The third, “The Bold actly the best adapted to his best powers,- ful, and original mind, than one which Dragoon,” is excellent; full of fine fun and these intimations were so far regarded as books or masters have thoroughly taught merriment. We would just remark, in to bring before the public Bracebridge and trained. Indeed, Mr Irving seems, in passing, that if Mr Geoffrey Crayon is not Hall; which is weakened from beginning his literary character, not only alien to our a thought more careful, the more recondite to end by the endeavour to give it the country, but opposed to the spirit of the meaning of his double entendres will beconsistency and identity of a single work. age. The world is getting to be very prac- come a little too apparent; in some instances Moreover, the critics found out that in tical,—to regard the meaning somewhat it already lies somewhat nearer the surface parts of the Sketch Book, and a large part more than the manner of an author—to than is altogether desirable. The sketches of Knickerbocker, Mr Irving came near demand directness and energy in thought of the “Mysterious Picture” and the Mysrunning wild ; they thought he imposed too ) and expression, and truth in the description terious Stranger” are very good; but their principal use is in bringing out from the from the dry studies and monotonous duties of the pearance, and facinating in his manners; he atBaronet the “ Story of the Young Italian.” cloister. In a little while I became expert with tached himself to me, and seemed to court my This is the last in the number; and we will my pencil, and my gloomy productions were thought good opinion. I thought there was something of endeavour to extract from it enough to give chapel. worthy of decorating some of the altars of the profession in his kindness, and of caprice in his

disposition; but I had nothing else near me to atour readers a just idea of its character.

At length he grew intolerably disgusted tach myself to, and my heart felt the need of somenoble rank, were limited in fortune, or rather my his father's house. He was received coldly, in mental powers and acquirements

, and tacitly ac

His education had I was born at Naples. My parents, though of with a conventual life, and fled from it to thing to repose itself upon.

been neglected; he looked upon me as his superior father was ostentatious beyond his means, and ex: and to avoid being sent back again, fled to knowledged my superiority. I felt that I was his retinue, that he was continually straightened in his Genoa. He concealed his name and rank; equal in birth, and inat gave an independence to pecuniary circumstances. I was a younger son,

and lived there with a painter of eminence, my manner, which had its effect. and looked upon with indifference by my father, who, struck by his uncommon talents, re

I had not been long under the roof of the Count, who, from a principle of family pride, wished to ceived him into his family and taught him when our solitude was enlivened by another inleave all his property to my elder brother. his art.

It was a daughter of a relation of the I showed, when quite a child, an extreme sensi.

Count, who had lately died in reduced circumstanbility. Every thing affected me violently. While Among the various works which he had under. ces, bequeathing this only child to his protection. yet an infant in my mother's arms, and before I had taken, was an historical piece for one of the pal. I had heard much of her beauty from Filippo, but learnt to talk, I could be wrought upon to a won

aces of Genoa, in which were to be introduced the my fancy had become so engrossed by one idea of derful degree of anguish or delight by the power of likenesses of several of the family. Among these beauty as not to admit of any other. We were in music. As I grew older my feelings remained was one entrusted to my pencil. It was that of a the central saloon of the villa when she arrived. equally acute, and I was easily transported into young girl

, who as yet was in a convent for educa- She was still in mourning, and approached, leaning paroxysms of pleasure or rage. It was the amuse- tion. She came out for the purpose of sitting for on the Count's arm. As they ascended the marinent of my relatives and of the domestics to play the picture. I tirst saw her in an apartinent of one ble portico, I was struck by the elegance of her upon this irritable temperament. I was moved to of the sumptuous palaces of Genoa. She stood figure and movement, by the grace with which the tears, tickled to laughter, provoked to fury, for the before a casement that looked out upon the bay: a mezzaro, the bewitching veil of Genoa, was folded entertainment of company, who were amused by stream of vernal sunshine fell upon her, and shed about her slender form. They entered. Heavens! such a tempest of mighty passion in a pigmy frame. a kind of glory round her as it lit up the rich crim what was my surprise when I beheld Bianca before They little thought, or perhaps little heeded the son chamber. She was but sixteen years of age me. It was herself; pale with grief; but still more dangerous sensibilities they were fostering. I thus

-and oh how lovely! The scene broke upon me matured in loveliness than when I had last belield became a little creature of passion, before reason like a mere vision of spring, and youth, and beau- her. The time that had elapsed had developed the was developed. In a short time I grew too old to She was like one of those fictions of poets and dergone had diffused over her countenance an irre

I could have fallen down and worshipped her. graces of her person; and the sorrow she had unbe a plaything, and then I became a torment. tricks and passions I had been teased into became painters, when they would express the beau ideal sistible tenderness. irksome, and I was disliked by my teachers for the that haunts their minds with shapes of indescriba- She blushed and trembled at seeing me, and tears very lessons they had taught me. ble perfection.

rushed into her eyes, for she remembered in whose My mother died; and my power as a spoiled

I was permitted to sketch her countenance in va- company she had been accustomed to behold me. child was at an end. There was no longer any rious positions, and I fondly protracted the study For my part, I cannot express what were my emonecessity to humour or tolerate me, for there was that was undoing me. The more I gazed on

tions. By degrees I overcame the extreme shynothing to be gained by it, as I was no favourite her the more I became enamoured; there was ness that had formerly paralyzed me in her presof my father. I therefore experienced the fate of a something almost painful in my intense admira- ence. We were drawn together by sympathy of spoiled child in such situation, and was neglected, tion. I was but nineteen years of age; shy, diffi- situation. We had each losi our best friend in the or noticed only to be crossed and contradicted. dent, and inexperienced. I was treated with atten- world; we were each, in some measure, thrown such was the early treatment of a heart, which, if tion and encourageinent, for my youth and my en- upon the kindness of others. When I came to I am judge of it at all, was naturally disposed to thusiasm in my art had won favour for me ; and I arc know her intellectually, all my ideal picturings of the extremes of tenderness and affection. inclined to think that there was something in my her were confirmed. Her newness to the world,

My father, as I have already said, never liked air and manner that inspired interest and respect. her delightful susceptibility to every thing beautiful me—in fact he never understood me; he looked Still the kindness with which I was treated could and agreeable in nature, reminded me of my own

emotions when first I escaped from the content. upon me as wilful and wayward, as deficient in not dispel the embarrassment into which my own natural affection :-it was the stateliness of his own imagination threw me when in the presence of this Her rectitude of thinking delighted my judgment; manner, the loftiness and grandeur of his own lovely being: It elevated her into soinething al- the sweetness of her nature wrapped itseli

' round iny look, that had repelled me from his arms. I always most more than mortal, She seemed too exquisite heart; and then her young and tender and budding pictured him to myself as I had seen him clad in for earthly use; too delicate and exalted for hu- loveliness

, sent a delicious madness to my brain his senatorial robes, rustling with pomp and pride. mar attainment. As I sat tracing her charms on I gazed upon her with a kind of idolatry, as someThe magnificence of his person had daunted my my canvass, with my eyes occasionally rivetted on thing more than mortal; and I felt humiliated at strong imagination. I could never approach him her features, I drank in delicious poison that made the idea of my comparative unworthiness. Yet with the confiding affection of a child.

me giddy. My heart alternately gushed with ten she was mortal; and one of mortality's most susMy father's feelings were wrapped up in my derness, and ached with despair. Now I became ceptible and loving compounds ; for she loved me! elder brother. He was to be the inheritor of the more than ever sensible of the violent fires that How first I discovered the transporting truth I family title and the family dignity and every thing bad lain dormant at the bottom of my soul. You cannot recollect; I believe it stole upon me by dewas sacrificed to him—1, as well as every thing who are born in a more temperate climate and un- grees, as a wonder past hope or belief. We else. It was determined to devote me to the der a cooler sky, have little idea of the violence of were both at such a tender and loving age ;

in constant intercourse with each oiher; minchurch, so that my humours and myself might be passion in our southern bosoms. removed out of the way, either of tasking my

A few days finished my task; Bianca returned gling in the same elegant pursuits ; for music, poet. father's time and trouble, or interfering with the in. !o her convent, but her image remained indelibly ry, and painting were our mutual delights, and we terests of my brother. At an early age, therefore, impressed upon my heart. It dwelt on my imayi were almost separated from society, among lovely before my mind had dawned upon the world and its nation; it became my pervading idea of beauty and romantic scenery! Is it strange that two young delights, or known any thing of it beyond the pre- It had an effect even upon my pencil; I became hearts thus brought together should readily twine cincts of my father's palace, I was sent to a con- noted for m felicity in depicting female loveliness; round each other? * vent, the superior of which was my uncle, and was it was but because I multiplied the image of Bian- I was the first to awaken from this blissful delirconfided entirely to his care.

I soothed, and yet fed my fancy, by introduc- rium of the affections. I had gained Bianca's One of the monks had been a painter

, but had ing her in all the productions of my master. I heart ; what was I to do with it? I had no wealth retired from the world, and embraced this dismal bave stood with delight in one of the chapels of nor prospects to entitle me to her hand. Was I life in expiation of some crime. He was a melan. the Annunciata, and heard the crowd extol the se

to take advantage of lier ignorance of the world, of choly man, who pursued his art in the solitude of raphic beauty of a saint which I had painted; 1 her considing allection, and draw her down to my his cell, but made it a source of penance to him. painting; they were bowing before the loveliness of the Count ?-was this riquiting the love of

own poverty? Was this requiting the hospitality His employment was to portray, either on canvass or in waxen models, the human face and human of Bianca.

Bianca ? form, in the agonies of death, and in all the stages He lived thus for a year and then his The struggle of my mind preyed upon my hapof dissolution and decay. The fearful mysteries of master died; and he was thrown upon the piness and my health. It seemed as if the uncerthe charnelhouse were unfolded in his labours—the patronage of a wealthy nobleman who wish- tainty of being loved would be less intolerable I turn with shuddering even from the recollection ed to be thought a lover and encourager of than thus to be assured of it, and yet not dare to

enjoy the conviction. I was no longer the enrapof his works. Yet, at the time, my strong but ill the arts.

tured admirer of Bianca; I no longer hung in ecdirected imagination seized with ardour upon his I found at the villa the Count's only son Filippo: lacy on the tones of her voice, nor drank in with instructions in his art. Any thing was a variety he was nearly of my age, prepossessing in his ap- insatiate gaze the beauty of her countenance. Her



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