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some maps of the States: for instance, art by which two thirds of the manual la- not exert irresistible influence, until it has Harper's Ferry, Shepherdstown, and Bath, bour would be saved, would be very import- become a matter of business. Since then, all in the same neighbourhood, in Virginia, ant in its effects on our literature. actors are such interesting folk, a book purare no where to be found. We have allud. Few persons will become proficients in porting to narrate their lives, and to give ed to this defect, in the hope that the pro- this art, without the aid of an instructer into the bargain, “ Original Anecdotes and prietor may bring the plates again under Those who have left school think they can- Choice Poetry," ought to have been a very the graver, and render the work as full not spare time to learn the art of saving pleasant book indeed. But so many peoand as perfect as is consistent with its na- time. The science must be taught in our ple are talked about, that all the narra. ture.

schools before many will profit by it; but we tives,or almost all,- are meagre. Most of are decidedly of the opinion that it should the poetry would not be our choice, though

be introduced into our colleges and acade- it may be that of the biographer. The anThe Analytic Guide and Authentic Key to mies, and be considered essential in a libe- ecdotes are about all that redeem the book

the Art of Short Hand Writing. By ral education. We have not a doubt that from the charge of unbroken dulness. Of M. T.C. Gould. Third Edition. New

every scholar, on finishing his college stud- them, some are very good and entertaining, Haven, 1824. 16mo. pp. 35.

ies, would tind that it had saved him as and in truth we should hardly have troubThe science of Stenography is now so much time as it had cost. Nothing, there led ourselves to notice the work, but that much simplified, and is reduced so well to fore, would be lost; and all, who afterwards certain circumstances wbieh occurred in a system, that it requires not more than a engaged in literary pursuits, would find it our own land are mentioned here, and it month's study and practice to learn it, for of very great value.

may amuse our readers to learn the anec. those who have acquired a ready use of the The little work before us is very well dotes about us which circulate in English pen by common writing. We mean that it executed, and is the best we have seen. books. will require no greater actual expense of In this form it is designed for those who Mr and Mrs Bartley must be well relabour; for, after that time, it may be writ. wish to acquire the art without the aid membered by all who enjoyed the pleasure ten and read with such facility, that no of an instructer. Some parts of it will pre- of witnessing the public exercise of their more time will be lost. A great deal of sent considerable difficulties; but they will profession, or of meeting them in private practice is necessary to enable one to write be readily overcome by those who are re- life. The following anecdote about them a discourse accurately, as fast as it is de- solved to learn. We learn from the Ad-had some foundation in fact, but unless livered. By writing in this way a half an vertisement, that “the same theory has been we were deceived at the time, or now mishour each day for a year, most persons published on a card, in a letter so large, as recollect, it was not altogether adequate would probably acquire a facility in it, to be legible to a whole school at once, to support the superstructure which our biwhich would save at least half of their or- thus materially abridging the labour of ographer has raised. dinary labour. This applies, of course, to teaching, and reducing the expense of sys- A curious instance of the laudable spirit which such writings as one designs only for his tems, from dollars to cents." All this is governs some of the Puritans in America, occurred own use; for, until this art becomes more very well; and we hope the public will at Hertford (the Capital of the State of Connectigenerally known, we can seldom write in reward Mr Gould, for labours from which cut), during the visit of Mr and Mrs Bartley. It

happened as they were going their first journey this way what we expect others to read. they may derive much benefit.

from New York to Boston, that they halted to Many persons are troubled while com

breakfast at the principal hotel in Hertford. posing, by having their thoughts run faster

was soon known that they were in the city, and be. than their pens. Their minds become con- The Biography of the British Stage ; being fore Mr Bartley had finished his meal, the landlord fused by the frequent necessity of looking Correct Narratives of the Lives of all informed him that several gentlemen were in an back to the ideas which the pen is slowly

the principal Actors and Actresses, at Mí Bartley waited upon them, and they explained

adjoining room, and requested to speak with hiin. expressing, while the principal attention

Drury-Laine, Covent-Garden, the Hay to him that the fame which had attended Mrs Bartand interest are directed to ideas, to be ex- market, the Lyceum, the Surrey, the Co-ley in New York, made them most anxious to have pressed some minutes, or perhaps an hour burg, and the Adelphi Theatres. Inter- an opportunity of witnessing her talents in Hertafterwards. A great deal of time is lost by

spersed with Original Anecdotes and ford; that they had no theatre, but a tolerably the pauses which must often be made, for Choice and Illustrative Poetry. To which large Assembly-room, which they would fill, if she

is added a Comic Poem, entitled " The was soon agreed that she should do so on her re

would engage to give readings or recitations. It the purpose of recalling and arranging ideas, which had been well conceived, but

Actress.” New York, 1824. 12mo. pp. turn from Boston. The night was fixed, and the could not be expressed. This process of

267.

room crowded to excess. Her readings from Milrecollection and arrangement myst often This is a pretty dull book, if one considers ton and Shakspeare were highly approved, and she be many times repeated; and the ideas how very entertaining it must have been it promised to repeat them on her way to Boston, at may well lose the vivid character and en- well executed. Most eminent actors are prized themselves of the period of her next engageergetic expression which they would have men of strange characters and strange ac- ment at Boston, and wrote to Mr Bartley, requestexhibited, if they had come forth as they cidents. They are also men of wit, and ing him to add his quota to the promised evening's were conceived. It is doubtless useful that the vicissitudes of their profession compel entertainment at Hertford. This was acceded to. we should write somewhat more slowly than them to become men of expedients ; their the rigid and puritanical part of the community set we think, that the mind may reflect before profession is not only a peculiar one, a great up an outcry against these repeated innovations, it asserts; but enough of this advantage way off from the common walks of life, and Mr Ebenezer Huntingdon (the Attorney-Genmust always remain. Stenography can but it is a profession of pure entertain- eral of the State) resolved to put into execution a never keep pace with thought; and after ment. Actors and actresses, have but one

dormant act of the legislature, against the performan idea is expressed, it may be reexamined, object,—to amuse; and just in proportion (wholly unconscious of what had been threatened)

ances. In the mean time Mr and Mrs Bartley and the language corrected. Most persons as they succeed in this, they win the world arrived, and were received as warmly as ever. can correct their language and sentiments, iy goods which poor human nature cannot The lour of performance having approached, the better after, than before, they are written. help coveting. Powerful motives always room was again crowded, and all was on the eve of

We are not attempting to give a full produce proportionate effects; and certain commencement, when a letter addressed to the view of this subject, and we are aware that it is, that theatrical amusements do ex

landlord of the hotel in which the assembly-room

was situated, caine from Ebeuezer Huntingdon, something of considerable weight may be cite a more general and a more intense in- stating, that if Mr and Mrs Bartley proceeded to urged against the importance of facilitating terest than any mode of " killing the ene their unlawful practices, he would prosecute them the labour of writing. But it is, on the my,” which the victims of ennui have yet under the existing law of the State. The contents whole, certain, that all who write much, discovered. This we take to be absolute-of this letter were concealed from Mr Bartley, and desire to shorten the process; and consider ly true; if any exception were allowed, it

the performances went off with great eclat. it very important to be able to write rap- inust be in favour of gambling ; but let rest that night

, the my ruidons of Ebenezer came

Shortly after Mr and Mrs Bartley had retired to idly. It might almost be believed, that an it be recollected that the card-table does with a writ, to serve it on the unconscious offenda 149

ture,

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ers. The singularity of the proceedings, together Kean had too little prudence as well as too much, child needs to read history in detail, more with the indelicacy of selecting the hour of mid- spirit, to bow before the coming tempest; accordthan one who has acquired what may be night as the proper period for the execution of the ingly when he first appeared in Richard, he was called a manly knowledge of human naprocess, aroused the indignation of several gentle greeted with laughter and hisses, even in the first

Goldsmith's histories are quite as men who were sull in the hotel, and they gave their scene: for some time his patience was proof against personal securities to produce Mr Bartley the next the worst efforts of malignity, till at last, irritated concise as works of this kind can be, to do day, or to answer the consequences, at the same | by continued opposition, he applied the words of any good. Tytler is excellent as a book for time depositing five hundred dollars to meet the the scene to his auditors, and boldly addressed the reviewing and reference, but in a good expenses of the suit. A tremendous fall of snow pit with

ineasure useless to children. rendered the roads impassable on the following

Unmannered Dogs, stand ye when I command!" from much experience, or should be less day, and Mr and Mrs Bartley were consequently detained. Still the whole transaction was carefully The clamour of course increased, and only paused confident. kept from their knowledge; but some legal per- a moment in expectation of an apology. In this,

If either of the Catechisms of this class sons who interested themselves greatly in the mat- however, they were deceived; so far from atempt is worth anything, it is that op Jewish Anfrom the Attorney-General, put the question in a ward and told them, “ that the only proof of un- tiquities. Children who have been accustrain of judicial hearing, and were adventurous derstanding they had ever given, was the proper tomed to read their Bibles, have acquired enough to invite Mr and Mrs Bartley to repeat the application of the few words he had just utiered.” much of that sort of interest, and some of so unfavourable to the prosecution of their journey the part of Richard, was given to the man of less for studying this book with advantage. entertainments that evening, as the weather was The manager now thought proper

to interfere, and that knowledge, which would qualify

them to Boston. They were still unconscious of what ability, but in higher favour with the brutal audi

With respect to those on Botany, Astronhad happened; and it was not until after some grave argumentation in the court of justice, and a

omy, and Chemistry, it must be said, that decision favourable to the accused, that Mrs Bart Irving's Catechisms, in Twelve Parts ; in these sciences in too small a compass, he

in endeavouring to give a general view of tey was made acquainted with all that had occurred, by the gentlemen, who had so spiritedly defended

cluding Universal History; Grecian Anthe prosecution at their own risk.

tiquities ; Grecian History; Roman Anti- gives none that is comprehensible by chil

dren. We shall justify this remark by a All our readers must have heard of, and

quities; Roman History; Classical Bi

few quotatations. none can have forgotten Kean, and the

ography; Mythology; Jewish Antiqui

In the Catechism of Astronomy, page 15. Kean-mania which raged for a considera

ties ; History of England ; Astronomy; ble season, not only in our good “ city of

Chemistry; and Botany. New York, Q. What is the use of the diurnal motion of the 1824.

Sun. notions,” but also in the larger capitals of

A. It seems probable that the Sun's diurnal mothe Southward. This folly was laughed at These are American editions of English tion is to throw of (off) centrifugal light, through at the time by many who indulged in it; it publications. On each of the above sub- the zodiac, giving annual and diurnal motion to the bas since been laughed at as an exceeding- jects there is a little 16mo volume ; they planets. ly ridiculous absurdity, by all. But as average about ninety pages. Several of

Many wise men refuse to admit this themeasure of precaution against its reappear

the English Reviews give them a very high ory, because they cannot see that it rests on ance, we will, with the help of our author, character, but we have not been disposed sufficient proof, -and cannot understand it, acquaint our dear public with the fact, that to let them pass with this coinmendation -and what will children do ? all this precious ponsense was carried without examining them carefully, because

Again, page 16. straight across the waters, and put into we are aware that reviewers generally give

Q. Was not the Sun formerly supposed to be a English books; and doubtless as occasion too little attention to school books, and body of fire ? serves, it will be made to do good service much injury is done by unmerited praise. A. The Sun was formerly supposed to be a body in settling our national reputation.

The result of our examination is, that they of fire; but experience has proved not only the

are constucted in a manner calculated to tops of the mountains, but the upper regions of the He took leave on the 6th of October in Othello. On the 11th he embarked for New York, where he give the scholar but little useful informa- atmosphere, to be intensely cold! arrived on the 10th of November, and made his tion. Those on History, and Antiquities, This argument, besides being unintelligidebut on the 29th as Richard III. So highly was consist of facts stated in a manner so ab- ble to children, is totally nugatory. Ne public curiosity excited, that many people are said stract and disconnected, that the volumes one doubts that we depend for heat on the w have come from Philadelphia, a distance of nine have scarcely a single advantage over our Sun. There are various theories respectty miles, for the sole purpose of seeing his perform, common chronological tables. It needs but ing the manner in which it is produced, had seldom amounted to one thousand dollars per little observation or experience, to teach, but the fact that the upper regions of the week, now produced more than that sum nightly, that children can derive no benefit from atmosphere are cold, militates equally, if at On the 28th of December, some gentlemen of New such works. The mind acquires no inter- all, against all these theories. The fact is York gave him a public dinner at the City Hotel, est in a subject, upon which it is occupied not generally considered one which it is Philadelphia he proceeded to Boston, where the only for a moment; and if the facts stated very difficult to explain. demand for places to witness his performance was are learned, it is only as a task. Would it

Q. Of what does the Earth consist ? so great that they were actually disposed of by auc- not be a foolish labour for a child to com

A. The Earth is a solid body of terrestrial mattion. He returned to New York in April, played mit to memory, or even to read, merely ter, nearly globular. again at Philadelphia in May, and again visited the tables of contents in our common hisBoston, but not meeting there on this occasion ihe tories? Yet this would give them about the ter! This must be interesting inforination

The Earth is composed of terrestrial maton his first visit, he quitted the Theatre in disgust

, same real historical knowledge as can be to a child; it is fortunate that most dictionleaving the manager to appease the audience in the obtained from these Catechisms.

aries could impart it to him. best way he could. He arrived at New York for We believe that the common method of the third time on the 28th of May, with the inten- teaching history is very defective.

Besides the fault of stating facts, which, tion of continuing his performances thare, but find begin usually with works of general histo- telligible, all the Catechisms abound with

We with so little explanation, are totally uninhim by his coniuct at Boston, and that the Ameri- ry, or those which state only a few of the sentences most barbarously constructed, cans were determined to resent it, he resolved to most prominent facts relating to all na- and the number of typographical errors leave America immediately. Accordingly he sail- tions, and to all periods. No person ever and gross misstatements of fact, renders ed on the 8th of June, and reached Liverpool in the acquired a taste for history by this drudge the works disgraceful to the author, the third week of July, after an absence of nine months. ry." What can be more absurd than to ex. American editor, and the printer.

We There is another anecdote related, which pect a child to form any distinct and valu- shall give a few more extracts, both to is quite illustrative of the general habits of able idea of the celebrated men and dis- show what we mean, and to prove that we the gentleinan who" quitted the Theatre in tinguished events of all ages and nations, do not find fault unjustly. disgust.” He had got into some difficulty from one or two octavos? He might as in London which put the London audience well be expected to learn geometry, mere

Q. What is meant by an annual (annular) rather out of conceit with him.

eclipse? ly from reading the axions in Euclid. A A. An annual eclipse is a partial central eclipse,

pp. 159.

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150 when the Earth is at a distance, and the Moon has Letters from the South and West. By Ar-delphia forever! a Greek compound, you perceive, a luminous ring round her body.

thur Singleton, Esq. Boston, 1824. 8vo. signifying brotherly-love ; is as level as a Quaker's Q. What is the ring ?

broad brim. The day after my arrival, I ascended A. The luminous ring round the Moon, in a cen

the almost only eminence in the city, one of the two tral partial eclipse, is the body of the Sun, not able This book has quite disappointed us. From shot-towers, to spy down upon it. It appears not to cover, so as to obscure the whole Moon's disc. certain newspaper remarks, and one or two unlike a horizontal Brodingnagian brick-kiln; long

never-ending blocks of brick, with little holes at Having informed us, Cat. of Pract. Chem. little things which rumour brought to our bottom to creep in at; and little holes at top to page, 10, that we could have no cold water, ears, we expected to find it rather flat. It

peep out at. At this altitude, the eager currents of were it not for the atmosphere, because it is, however, a very amusing book, and what human beings appear diminished into a small folk, would evaporate at a low temperature, he is almost as good, quite a sensible book. Sin-like Lilliputians; all, like the armies of the grandthus proceeds. gleton is a nom de guerre—but we are well son of Cyrus, in a hundred years, to be no more.

The city, which is six score of miles from the sea Q. How is water secured to us by means of at- persuaded that the true name which it con- by the channel, is spread upon the isthmus between mospheric air? ceals, will be known some of these days, the Delaware, and the Schuylkill

, half a score of water , confines it down, and prevents the heat of pretty widely. The style is good, though miles above their confluence. These two rivers,

very careless; sometimes obsolete or un- east and west of the city, are, the one grand, the the sun from turning it into vapour. As to the fact, every exhausted receiver appropriate words and phrases are used, other picturesque; and the elegant light broad

-the ornaments are not always in good spanned arch thrown over the laiter by our townsproves, that water evaporates in a vacuum,

man Palmer, recalls agreeable associations. The at a temperature but litle lower than 2120 | taste; and a little of the occasional elo- Delaware waters were, last winter, so consolidated, As to the principle, we suppose that the air quence might have been very safely nipt opposite the city, that a festive ose was roasted

in the bud. But all the letters are written whole upon the ice. Although this river is now holds a stone

down, and makes it weigh with great liveliness; the remarks are gen- Hoating ships too and fro from all nations, once was more than it would in a vacuum ; and that erally ingenious, and sometimes extremely citizens used to chime Christ-church bells. water holds all the heavier bodies down, acute. Mingled with a great deal of huand makes them weigh more than they mour, there are some strokes of fine wit,- first landed, one has a fine view of Jersey-sbore,

From Market-street wharf, upon which Franklin would in air !

and the language is evidently that of one opposite ; and of the Mariner's Hotel, fitted from Q. Where is gold obtained ?

who has words at will, and considerable the hull of a large ship, with an ensign for a sign, Å Gold is found in Africa, Hungary, Spain, and skill in the use of them. That the author and moored on the middle of the river. The DelFrance, in small grains, termed gold dust.

travelled; that he went-generally speak- broad dusky pennons of steam trailing behind ; and We had adopted the vulgar notion, that ing,—where he says he did, and actually by team-boats, which wheel along the water, proAmerica occasionally produces some gold.

saw most of what he says he saw, we be- pelled by horses on board in circular motion. Q. What are the qualities of silver?

lieve, because there is an air of truth and About four miles above the city, on the west banks A. Silver is of a white colour, unalterable by fire, reality about his narrations and remarks, of the river, are the almost forgotten ruins of the and very tenacious.

mansion of William Peon, upon whose top was T. Describe how clothes retain the heat of the which is quite convincing. But we must

it is said, a leaden fish-pond. It is a curious body.

suppose that he now and then locates a fact in Natural History, that the environs of this P. In this climate the temperature of the atmo- floating story when he can find a good city, and of Jersey, are visited, once in seventeen sphere is inferior to that of the body; consequently, home for it, and is generally disposed to put years, with locusts in Egyptian multitudes. Most body, which has been separated from the air by fective outline rather than leave a lamenta- mon council; and I trust that Boston will soon clothes are necessary to prevent the heat of the things in a striking light, and fill up a de places this way, even if small, are chartered

with their mayor, recorder, aldermen, and comthe lungs, from suddenly escaping.

ble hiatus,—and sometimes takes occasion persuade its honest township into a lordly city; Our readers will not need to be told, that to forget whether he saw or heard of some inasmuch as green-turtles are plenty. Soon after clothes keep us warm, because they are not clever incident and in short, remembered my arrival, a report of peace convulsed the whole so good conductors of caloric, as the air. It that he was a traveller, and was by no city into ecstacies,

Illumination! illumination! is news to us, that the heat of the body is means peculiarly unwilling to avail "him- Briarees with his hundreds hands, was wanted, to separated from the air by the lungs. If self of the ex-officio license which attaches a counter-report palsied the spirits, and extinguish the author intends to advert to the theory, to that character; or else we must grant ed the tapers. that by the absorption of oxygen into the that Arthur Singleton, Esq. had most re- There are not so many men of letters in Philablood, "latent becomes sensible heat, and markable luck, in finding

provided for him, delphia, nor in New York, in ratio of population, thus the animal heat is created and supplied, he should have expressed himself somewhat excellent matter to make letters out of. wherever he went, an unfailing supply of as in Boston. Boston is the Edinburgh of litera

ture in America. Philadelphia and New York are more intelligibly,—though it would have

the London and Liverpool of commerce. The

These letters strike us as having been Philadelphians, in reverse to the New Yorkers, are been better to let the subject alone. We will teaze our readers with only one

written lately from materials gathered some called a cold, cautious, calculating, hard-to-be-acexample more. In the Grecian Antiqui- years since. Mr Singleton is supposed to be quainted-with people; especially to one of still, ties, the country is said to have been three travelling during the late war; but there is withdraw ing habitudes

. Although a mottled mass hundred and eighty miles long, and three something too much of freshness about his dreds, yet they appear, to use a phrases of one of

correspondence to allow us to believe that it their own late nondescript pamphleteers, to unite hundred and ten broad. In the Grecian

has lain in his drawer for Horace's “ nine into a peaceable “reciprocity of commutuality." History its dismensions are stated at four

years." We rather suppose that these There are bere fewer distinctions of caste, than in hundred in length, and one hundred and letters were then written, and have since other cities; owing probably to the equalizing docfifty the greatest breadth. become the foundation of the letters now

trines of the Quakers. **** In a previous number we expressd our

The Philadelphians are a neat folk. Come Sa. published. opinion of the colloquial method of com

turday evening, and every besom in the city is posing school books. We have never seen They are six in number; from Philadel- alive; every servant astir

, out before the frontphia, Washington, Virginia, Kentucky, door, to sweep the flag-stones, and bricked sideit exhibited in a form involving so much New Orleans, and the Gulf of Mexico. walks, for the sabbath. Better had one not adfoolish and tedious repetition, as in these We rather prefer that from Philadelphia to venture along one that evening, as he would eschew Catechisms. On the whole,-as we are those which follow it;-though the interest However, that one madam is not exactly as neat as desirous of saying what we can in praise of of the work is well sustained throughout. another madamn here, more than in other cities, I works of which we are obliged to say so the following extracts, from the first let- denote from the varying degrees of lustre upon the much that is not praise, we shall concede, ter, may amuse our readers, and will give brazen knockers, and bell-knobs. How much trive that those who are reviewing the studies them a very fair idea of the general char- sal differences prejudice the taste towards the into which these relate, might obtain many acter, and merits and demerits of the book. dwellersruss uxoreschow

along the lower

, and more important facts from them at little expense;

Dear Brother, and the numerous errors might serve a

cent per cent, discount, advance sterling, invoices;

This city, which is the great metropolis of all as uncongenial as hellebore to me ; who would useful purpose, as examples of false syntax Penn's Woodland, and which was eulogized by rather sec a gallant book launch fron, the press, in the study of grammar.

Him of Tarsus, 'H Quadrapia parvite i Phila- than a gallant ship loom into port. In travers

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ing populous cities, how convenient were it to have | leave home, you will not be aware how many pro- the cobra, or snake-stone; came from the East Infour faces, to avoid the collision of the crowd; but vincial, and fatherless and motherless heathenisms, dies, and were left in gratitude by a foreigner, many there appears to be no prospect of there being any are used in daily parle by some New Englanders; years ago, with directions how to be used, but were immediate improvements in the species. An an- although they justly take pride in being more literate long neglected. At length, it was resolved to make noyance in most cities is the populace of little cur. than most other states. For ensample :-they use trial of one, and it succeeded; and has since suctail yelpers ; not altogether, whether free or in vas- the word conduct as a neuter verb; the substantive ceeded in very many cases; the patients coming salage, worth one groat w any one person. If a dog progress as a verb; and stop short at the sign of from a far land. The stones are about an inch and have a real value, then is there an excuse for keep the infinitive mood, as, she can sing if she chooses a half cube; resemble a piece of hone, or hard ing him; but one case of hydrophobia, of late so to; i. e. to sing. They say, flowers wilt for wither, soap; and are powerful astringents and absorbents. frequent, is a powerful reason for collaring and tax- thus used in Salmagundi; tip up for tilt up, so used | When put into warm water from the wound, they ing the whole canine family. As you muse along in the Pilgrim's Progress; transmogrified, used by discolour it with matter drawn froin the blood. One up out of these lower regions, into the central Smollet; heft, old Saxon, for weight; serious for is owned by a company, who bought it for four wards, the heart is frequently refreshed by the sight religious; rungs for rounds of a ladder; sauce for hundred dollars, and deposited it with a physician, of airy young misses sitting at the open front doors, vegetables ; gunning for shooting; tackling for har- at Tappahannock, for ihe use of the proprietors. and windows. A few days after I came here, as I ness; notions for articles; birth for office; scrawls The other is owned by a private man, Mr Sale, who went expatiating along the sidewalks, near Chesnut for faggots ; fix for fixure ; spry for nin'le; lengthy derives from it a revenue ; the patient boarding and Fourth, I was startled by a sudden snapping for lengthened ; lick for strike; hang the horse'; with him, and paying twenty dollars for the stone. noise behind me, and stared about for some varlet's had not ought; to convene for to be convenient; All the danger is, lest there should be some little whip. It was only two loving young ladies kissing complected for complexioned; slump; jounce for scratch not perceived in time; or too many wounds each other upon meeting; a not uncommon, and a jolt; chunky for chubby ; slushy for sloppy; smash for the stone to be applied to in season, before the very sweet custom, if also the gentlemen might for quash; and so on. And in pronunciation, they whole system be tainted. Although somewhat inpartake with them. As you approach towards the do not aspirate the h in many words, as wich for credulus odi myself, I have been thus particular, market-house, which is supported by about three which, were for where, wen for when; and they because, relying on respectable and repeated testihundred brick pillars, and extends up and down flatten other words, as na-ter for nat-ure, vir-too for monies, I deem it of the price of human life, that for half a mile, in its various departments of flesh, virt-ue, with many more. All such backbiters of such, if possible, be procured and experimented in fish, and fruit, and is one of the most abundant and the king's English should be eschewed by every hospitals in populous cities. choice in the world, and under an excellent police; scholar, as he would eschew mean company. Howthe ear is regaled with the cries of:—" pepper-pot, ever, you need not hence conclude all the rest of

The picture of Washington is correct, right hot;" * hot corn, hot coro;" “ oys, oys, poor the states to be perfect in phraseology. The Phila- and pleasant enough, but not very striking; Jack wants his money for selling pickled oysters ;" delphians, beside many of the above, have some -and our only additional extract shall be softening the discordiant gutturals : -“uch, uch, uch, peculiarities of their own, as:-like I used, for as I from the last letter. Mr S. had found himoaruch," of the half naked sweeps. When will a used; did not let on, for did not explain; get shut self in New Orleans rather longer than lady Montague arise, in this country, who will of a thing, for get rid of a thing; durst I go, for was consistent with his safety, and sailed honour herself, by giving a welcome festival to may I go? leave me do this, for permit me to do these half famished wretches, on the return of each this; little bit of time; this is queer, for this is for a northern port. annual May-day? Monopolizers sometimes en strange ; the dear knows, for the demon knows; We had not been in the Gulf long, before the deavour to circumvent the market, and thus specu- and the flat emphasis of a, as payer for pa'a ; mayer commander found that he had shipped Death among late upon the poor. It is an unfair sight, to see for ma'a. But at the South, and the West, there his steerage passengers. The yellow plague was women guiding their carry-alls to pamper the city may you hear idiomatic vulgarisms rivalling the on board.

At the moon's first quarter, and within with their luscious melons, without a inan ; although Eastern ; and if I go thither, I will endeavour to three hours of each other, two died. When a man far in Maine, I once saw red-armed women plyiug turn the tables upon them in these matters. Thus, dies at sea, a couple of mariners roll up the dead the oar for a score of miles to market in an open as you covered notices, rather than sentiment, ibody in a sheet, or blanket; and, with their stout boat. The women of the city, and not the men, have detailed some of those minute insignificancies, steel three-edged marline-needles, seam it tight, so do the chief chaffering, going with the sun to the which arrest the observation of a stranger, but as to shape it to the head and trunk. A plank is mart, with a servant behind elbowing the basket. which, in a few weeks, become familiarized ; and, laid from the head of a barrel to the leeward side Here every article goes by fi'p's, so many fi'p's I trust, a livelier picture of the city is thus given, of the ship, upon which the corpse is extended, (about five pennies) a piece or dozen. On one than would be given from more general traits ; but, having an iron ffty-six appended to the feet. Then, side of the market, has sojourned for many years after all, compared with the country, a city, as our while the officers, and the blue-jerkined shipmen, a dwarf, as he is called, for exhibition; but he is friend the doctor would say, is but a crucible of all stand solemnly round, with their heads uncovwhat I call an imperfect man; since his head and noxious gases. Now, macte virtute, mi frater, ered, the burial service is read at the head of the body are stout as Samson's, his lower extremities vale atque vive!

dead, and the corse is slowly, and sacredly launchdwindled and twined into the fish-shape of a mer. man. Now I comprehend a dwarf to be a minikin, lar fashion which our author has of rambling there to remain, until the sea shall give up. Our readers will observe at once, a singu- ed overboard, and sinks standing, and floating, at a

certain number of fathoms deep, in the ocean; a biped humanly symmetrical, but in miniature.

her His ushering cicerone looked like Death in the from subject to subject, without either no

dead. Mariners are contradictory beings; these Primer. At first view, the pygmean giant ap- tice or provocation. This is carried so far bibulous hearts of oak would feelingly render any, peared to be so full of health, as to be almost sick. as to create occasionally some little confu- the most menial, service to the sick; and someBut, indeed, he had such a power of infirmities, sion. A remark or statement of fact, is re- times would their rough hands dash a tear from each opposing the other, that, to save his life, he ferred to the sentence before or after it, perhaps, jest on the body as they were seaming up

their weather-beaten cheeks; and yet would they, could not die, until he got the better of them. until the reader is taught by the utter non- the corse. In about a week after the first two, and rule is, to look sharp, but take no notice. If he sense he thus makes, to let it stand by it again within a few hours of each other, in the had lived in the days, and country, of Scarron, he self. In one of the paragraphs just quoted, morning, died two more, and were buried in the might have applied to be second valetudinarian to the writer jumps from hydrophobia to airy sea.

A day after, a fifth steerage passenger died her majesty. Near the lower market, at a shop door, in a cage has long hung a dusky mocking.bird, young misses, thence,—by the way of kiss- also on deck, and followed his four dead messmates

ing,- to which imitates the everchanging noises, and cries,

into the overwhelming abysses. Thus, within ten pepper-pot, right-hot;"- from

days, died, of this most repelling, and fatal disease, in the street, with wonderful accuracy. I thought chimney sweeps to Lady Montague,- five men, being one half of the steerage passenof Sterne's pathetic starling :-" I can't get out;" thence to women who drive and ought not to gers; leaving two others sick. One that died was a “ I can't get out.” It is difficult, for some time, for drive,-and then lights upon a hideous cripple. lustly pillar of strength, and portrait of health; a rural stranger to sleep in a city, on account of the

In bis letter from Virginia, one of those and yet he fell, and faded, in one day. These sad rumbling, and rattling, in the streets; but, after a while, it half the city were to crash down, he would extraordinary circumstances is related, deaths will quarantine us, for a half month or more, esteem it a matter of course, and not awake. It is which it is about equally difficult, to be- little affected at their fate; and why was it that I very agreeable to repose in bed, and to hear the lieve, to deny, or to explain.

myself was more affected at the death of the first, lanterned watchien, as they perambulate the The chief sickness, in this ancientest dominion, than of the last one ; when, assuredly, my grief wards, which in a dark evening are lighted with is in the autumn; when you may chance to sbake, ought to have increased with the increased cause near a thousand lamps, sing, out:-“ past eleven o' on one day, so that you cannot hold into your for sorrow. I repeated the sublime and, solemn cluck, and a cloudy night;" three o'clock, and a chair: and, on the vext, to burn so as to scorch burial-service over the dead bodies of the two bright star-light;" and thus to strike the slow-pass your clothes. In this vicinity, they do not often suf- last; as we committed "the bodies to their place, ing note of time, through all the weary watches of fer from hydrophobia; although surrounded by fam- their souls to Heaven's grace, and the rest in God's their walks.

ilies of hounds, pointers, and spaniels. They have own time.” I notice, in this city, the Eastern habit of balanc- a method of preventing a dog from running rabid, ing back upon the chair's hind legs; a posture in by cutting out the worm under his tongue. Be: The Philosophy of Natural History, by which Burns tells us he used to sit in his ruminat- sides, near Loretto, they have a reputed remedy ing mood; and also of vexing the living coals, al against canine rabiosity ; two mad-dog stones, of

William Smellie, Member of the Antiquathough they glow never so fiercely. Until you' long-extolled efficacy. They are a little similar to rian and Royal Societies of Edinburgh.

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our ears.

With an Introduction and various Addi-| late improvements in Comparative Anato- tails. We shall extract, as an example of tions and Alterations, intended to adapt it my and Physiology, sciences which, as is these, the account of the conduct of the to the present state of Knowledge." By well known to some of our readers, have termites or fighting ants of Africa, when John Ware, N. D., Fellow of the Massa- been cultivated of late years by a few in- an attack is made upon their habitations. chusetts Medical Society, and of the Amer- dividuals in Europe, with extraordinary zeal We may remark, in passing, that these habican Academy of Arts and Sciences. Bos- and success.

itations, the work of insects of which the ton, 1824. 8vo. pp. 396.

The first chapter treats of the nature of largest are not much more than half an

living bodies, and the distinction between inch in length, and the greater part not The study Natural History is particu- animals and vegetables, which last is a half that size, are solid and well built round lary advantageous to the young, from its direct tendency to cultivate one of the more difficult point than it would appear pyramids, ten feet in height, and about as

at first sight. We are apt to imagine that large at the base. most useful habits of the mind, that of at- the boundary between these kingdoms is tentive observation of things of common strongly marked, and are not a little sur- first object that attracts attention is the behaviour

When a breach is made in one of the bills, the and every day occurrence. Its objects are

prised to discover how few qualities are of the soldiers, or fighting insects. Immediately every where around us, and in constant

peculiar to animals.

Of the two which after the blow is given, a soldier comes out, walks action,-swimming in the waters, flying in

seem most distinctive, the power of local about the breach, and seems to examine the nathe air, walking the earth, and burrowing motion and that of moving parts by the ture of the enemy, and the cause of the attack. beneath it. One set provides our food and operation of an internal principle, the for- He then goes into the bill, gives the aların, and in a clothing, another purloins and destroys mer is wanting in some of the lower orders breach will permit. It is not easy to describe the them. Some attack, and others protect us. I of animals, while it is possessed in some fury these insects discover. In their eagerness to Their forms are continually before our

measure by some marine plants. The lat- repel the enemy, they frequently tumble down the eyes, and their voices always sounding in ter belongs in an eminent degree to the sides of the hill, but recover themselves very

It is also a science particularly sensitive plant, which shrinks from the quickly, and bite every thing they encounter. This attractive. A history of animals is the most slightest touch; by the Hedysarum gyrans the building, makes a crackling or vibrating noise, agreeable book, and a menagerie or avi- of the East Indies, which seems to amuse which is somewhat shriller and quicker than the ary the most agreeable exhibition to intel- itself by moving its leaves briskly upward ticking of a watch, and may be heard at the disligent children, and the operations of an ant- and downward and twisting them round on tance of three or four feet. While the attack prohill , a birds-nest , or a bee-hive, are inex- their foot-stalks, whenever the sun shines ceeds

, they are in the most violent bustle and agihaustible sources of amusement. To children of a larger growth, Natural crushes the unwary insect who alights upon ges as much blood as is equal to their own weight

. upon it; by the fly-trap of Carolina, wbieb tation. If they get hold of any part of a man's

body, they instantly make a wound, which discharHistory and Animal Physiology offer the it; and less considerably by the sun-flower, When they attack the leg, the stain of blood upon greatest variety of innocent and useful the common barberry, and the mallow. the stocking extends more than an inch in width. gratification. The number and magnitude The difference between the animal and veg- They make their hooked jaws meet at the first of results, produced by animals with instru- etable kingdoms consists not in any single selves to be pulled away leg by leg, and piece by ments apparently so inadequate their principle, but in an assemblage of circum- piece, without the smallest attempt to escape. Ou amazing industry and forecast, and the ex: stances, such as the nature of their food, the other hand, if a person keeps out of their reach, quisite adaptation of their structure and and mode of obtaining and digesting it; and gives them no further disturbance, in less thac instincts to the wants and purposes of their the powers of knowledge, feeling, and vo- half an hour they retire into the nest, as if they existence, are always worthy of our study, lition; the manner of reproduction, struc- supposed that the wonderful

auonster that damaged

the whole and frequently of our imitation. ture, form, and chemical composition.

diers have got in, the labouring insects are all in With all these attractions, and all this

The second chapter is devoted to the motion, and hasten towards the breach, each of them natural taste of mankind, if we may so consideration of the structure of vegeta- having a quantity of ten pered mortar in his mouth. speak, for these studies, it is remarkable bles, and the third to that of animals, and This mortar they stick upon the breach as fast as that they have not been more generally contains a complete view of the animal they arrive, and perform the operation with so cultivated. · Even men of learning," as kingdom, beginning with man, the most the immensity of their numbers, they never stop Mr Smellie observes, “often betray an ig- perfect member of it, and descending to or embarrass one another. During this scene of apnorance of the most common subjects, which those obscure and minute creatures, which parent burry and confusion, the spectator is agreeait is painful to remark.” Professional gen- are scarcely visible except with the as- bly surprised, when he perceives a regular wall tlemen, it is said, in our own country and sistance of a microscope." And we be- gradually arising and filling the chasm.. While the time, have been known to mistake a whale lieve the general reader can seldom find a

labourers are thus employed, almost all the soldiers for a fish,—and very grave and particular greater quantity of interesting information saunters about among six bundred or a thousand

r main within; except here and there one, who accounts have been published of the Mer- within the same compass. When we con- labourers, but never touches the mortar. One solmaid. We think the rudiments of Nat- sider the great light which has been thrown dier, however, always takes his station close to the ural History and Physiology might be ad- upon physiology in general, and particular-wall that the labourers are building. This soldier vantageously introduced in the course of ly upon many hitherto obscure points in that turns himself

leisurely on all sides, and at intervals the common school education of children. of the buman species, by the cultivation of building with his forceps, and makes the vibrating These studies might serve agreeably to di comparative anatomy in Europe, we cannot noise formerly mentioned. A loud hiss instantly versify the severer ones of arithmetic and but regret that it has met with so little atten- issues from ine inside of the dome and all the subgramınar, while they answered the addi- tion in this country, and that our cabinets, terraneous caverns or passages. That this biss tional end of directing to useful purposes whether public or private, are so few and proceeds from the labourers is apparent, for, at ev. the amusements of bours of relaxation. so meagre.

ery signal of this kind, they work with redoubled

quickness and alacrity. A renewal of the attack, We would introduce the subject of this ar- The body of the work is divided into however, instantly changes the scene. On the ticle to the notice of the public, as an ele- fifteen chapters, under the following titles: first stroke, the labourers run into the many pipes mentary work extremely well adapted to Respiration; The Motions of Animals; In- and galleries with which the building is perforated, this purpose ; in which the original one of stinct; The Senses; Infancy; The Growth which they do so quickly, that they seem to vanish; Smellie has been much improved by the nu- and Food of Animals ; Their Transformation; rush out as numerous and vindictive as before. On merous additions and alterations of the Their Habitations; Their Hostilities; Their finding po enemy, they return again leisurely into American editor. Among these the most Artifices; Their Societies; Their Docility; the hill, and very soon after, the labourers appear important are the introductory chapters, Their Covering, Migration, and Torpidity; loaded as at first

, as active and as sedulous, with which occupy something more than a quar- The Longevity and Dissolution of Organ- soldiers here and there among them, who act just ter of the whole volume. They give an ized Bodies; The Progressive Scale or the signal to hasten the business. Thus the pleas account of the structure and classification Chain of Beings in the Universe. Each of ure of seeing them come out to work or to figlit, alof living beings in general, according to the these contains a variety of interesting de- i ternately, may be obtained as often as curiosity

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