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128

CONTENTS.

and

CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & CO. assert with some confidence, that there are not ten | been more judiciously prosecuted; a great variety

men in the country who are, from their local expe- of the most necessary and pleasant instruction HAVE for sale the following new publi- rience, qualified to have produced the adventures of drawn from the best sources

, and skillfully recalia cations.

Hajji Baba. We may add, too, that such is our is brought within a narrow compass, under a neat,

opinion of the talent displayed in them, that on appropriate form." A new edition of Conversations on Chem- that account alone we should not be inclined to in

Hobomok; a Tale of Early Times. By istry; and also on Natural Philosophy. crease that number very considerably, were we re

an American. 1 vol. 12mo. price 75 cents. Both these works have just been repub- quired to say how many were capable of writing

them at all with the same easy humour, the same Then all this youthful paradise around, lished, having undergone supervision and felicitous strokes of satire, with the same vigorous And all the broad and boundless mainland, lay correction, the first by J. L. Comstock, M. delineations of character.

Cooled by the interminable wood, that frowned D., and the latter by the Rev. J. L. Blake,

O'er mount and vale.

Bryant. Extract from the London Literary Gazette. A. M. These gentlemen have added to these

“The Adventures of Hajji Baba present us (if valuable and popular School Books, “ Ap- we may use the phrase) with a moral and moving propriate Questions for Examination and panorama of Persian, Curdish, Turcoman, and

R. P. & C. WILLIAMS, Exercise."

Turkish manners. We know only two books in Cornhill Square-Boston, Have for Sale,

the language, published since our Gazette comMemoir of John Aikin, M.D. By Lucy tasias, and the Memoirs of Artemi, with both of chael, comprising an account of its Geolo

menced, which this book resembles; namely, Anas. A Description of the Island of St. MiAikin, author of the Life of Queen Eliza- which our readers may remember we were much beth, and James I. With a selection of delighted. And though the story-chain of Hajji gical Structure ; with remarks on the other

Azores or Western Islands.

ese, his Miscellaneous Pieces, Biographical, wants the intense interest of the former of

Originally Moral, and Critical. In 1 vol. 8vo. it is a great favourite with us, and will, we think, communicated to the Linnean Society of greatly please the majority of readers.

New England. By John W. Webster, M.

• The whole narrative brings the national traits D. Cor. Sec. L. S. N. E. With 6 Copper Memoir of John Aikin, M. D. Critical Essays of the different Asiatics very vividly before us ;

Plates. 8vo. pp. 244. on English Poets-Account of the Life and Works at the conclusion we have clearer notions than any

The American Edition of the New Edinof Spencer; An Essay on the Poetry of Milton; Travels could give us of Persian cunning, dupliAn Essay on the Heroic Poem of Gondibert; Crit city, tyranny, and avarice; of Turkish pride, rapa-burgh Encyclopædia, conducted by David ical Remarks on Dryden's Fables ; Observations city, and oppression; of the ferocity of one tribe, Brewster, LL. D. Fellow of the Royal Soon Pope's Essay on Man; An Essay on the Plan and the servility of another; and in general, of the ciety of Edinburgh, and of the Society of son between Thomson and Cowper as Descriptive sensual religion in rendering Man a creature inex. Antiquaries of Scotland, assisted by upPoets ; Essay on the Poems of Green;

A Critical pressibly cruel and unjust to those below, base and wards of one hundred gentlemen in EuEssay on Somerville's Poem of the The Chase ; An slavish to those above him, and false and heartless rope, most eminent in science and literaEssay on the Poetry of Goldsmith. Miscellaneous to all."

ture; and now improved, for the greater Pieces.-Aphorisms on Mind and Manners; What

satisfaction and better information of the Man is made for; On the Touch for the King's

Montgomery's New Work. “ Prose by people of the United States, in the civil, Evil; Literary Prophecies for 1797; Remarks on

religious, and natural history of their counthe Charge of Jacobinism; On the Probability of a Poet.” In 2 vols. 18mo. a future Melioration of the State of Mankind; On Extract from the Westminster Review. try; in American Biography; and in the Toleration in Russia; Military Piety; Inquiry into “This is an amiable little work, of good native great discoveries in Mechanics and the the Nature of Family Pride; Apology for the De- fancy, and what, perhaps, the author himself does Arts. molition of Ruins ; Inquiry into the essential Char- not suspect, humour. Though inclined to quarrel Published by E. Parker, Philadelphia. acter of Man; Thoughts on the Formation of with the title, we had not read far before we were No. 20, Vol. 15, Part 2, PAT-POL, now Character; On Self-Biographers; On the Attach- assured that the author was not only a soi disant ment of Mary, Queen of Scots; On the Imitative poet-nay, we moreover

discovered, not only that published, for sale by R. P. & C. Williams, Principle; Historical Relations of Poisonings; A he was a bona fide poet, but we had no difficulty, on Boston, and by the other agents. Word for Philosophy ; On Cant; On Mottoes. proceeding a little further, in detecting under the

Lives of the Ancient Philosophers; transAppendix.-Descriptions of Vegetables from the general designation, the excellent author of "The lated from the French of Fenelon, with Roman Poets; Biographical Account of the Rev. Wanderer of Switzerland." The purest feelings Notes, and a Life of the Author. Dr Enfield; Description of the Country about of philanthropy have always distinguished that

By the Dorking; Biographical Account of Richard Pulte amiable man; and they never, perhaps, were dis- Rev. John Cormack, M. A. First Ameriney, M. D.; Memoir of Gilbert Wakefield, B. A.; played more conspicuously or more amiably than can edition, revised and corrected. PubMemoir of Joseph Priestley, LL. D. F. R. S.; Me in these very entertaining and instructive essays." lished 1824. moir of James Currie, M. D.; Memoir of the Rev. George Walker.

Extract from the London Literary Gazette.

These are very pleasing productions. The Fenelon, Thales, Solon, Pittacus, Bias, The Adventures of Hajji Baba. In 2

Prose of a writer of not only poetical feeling and Periander, Chilo, Cleobulus, Epimenides, vols. 12mo. Said to be written by the author imagination, but one gifted with a fine mind, re: Anacharsis, Pythagoras, Heraclitus, Anak

plete with graceful sentiments, original thoughts, agoras, Democritus, Empedocles, Socrates, of " Anastasius." and delightful fancies. The language, too, is wor

Plato, Antisthenes, Aristippus, Aristotle, Extract from the Westminster Review. thy of the matter, easy and elegant.'

Xenocrates, Diogenes, Crates, Pyrrho, “This is a Persian Gil Blas, certainly not quite

Private Correspondence of William Cow- Bion, Epicurus, and Zeno. so full of genius as the amusing work of Le Sage, per, Esq., with some of his most Intimate

1 Vol. 12mo. pp. 300. nor yet falling below it to an unmeasurable dis- Friends. Edited by J. Johnson, LL. D., &c. tance; something is wanting in the writer, as much In 1 vol. 8vo. or more in the nation to whom his hero belongs.

CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & CO. Persia is the best scene for a light-hearted adven- Extract from the London Literary Gazette, turer, after Spain ; but it is in vain to look elsewhere

Have just Received, “We were acquainted with the value of this defor the same rich materials

of romance as are to be lightful work in manuscript, and rejoice to say it is A Journal of a Second Voyage for the found in the manners, pursuits, occupations, and gov- now on the eve of publication. A more pleasing Discovery of a North-West Passage from ernment of the latter most remarkable country. Like and intellectual treat the literary world could hardly the Atlantic to the Pacific; performed in rank with all that suddenness of elevation and de- finely displayed in these Letters, and they are full years 1821–22–23, in his Majesty's Ships pression which can only happen in a despotic gov. of anecdote and remark upon the literature of the Fury and Hecla, under the orders of Capernment, where the fortunes of all men depend preceding generation."

tain William Edward Parry, R. N., F. R. S., upon the will of one, and where, for the quick dispatch of business or pleasure, the tedious forms of

American Popular Lessons, chiefly se- and Commander of the Expedition. law and justice are dispensed with. These rapid lected from the writings of Mrs Barbauld, changes present every advantage to the novelist; Miss Edgeworth, and other approved auand from his intimate acquaintance with the man- thors. Designed particularly for the young

CAMBRIDGE: ners of Persia, the author of this book has been er Classes of Children in Schools.

PRINTED AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS, able to avail himself of them to a very great extent.

Mr Walsh, speaking of this work, says, Indeed, such is this writer's familiar, almost native knowledge of the people he describes, that we may “ The design could not, in our judgment, have

HILLIARD AND METCALF.

CONTENTS.

BY

THE UNITED STATES LITERARY GAZETTE.

Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. No. 1 Cornhill, Boston. --Terms, $5 per annum, payable in July.
Vol. I.
BOSTON, AUGUST 15, 1824.

No. 9.

REVIEWS.

system of jurisprudence is founded on the sessional topics is a foreign tongue, and who

civil law as its basis), and the testimony of know nothing even of the first principles of Elements of Medical Jurisprudence. By the continent of Europe, the medical jurist is attempt for the first time in their lives to

physicians in our courts of judicature. On the science, to which the question that they Theodore Remeyn Beck, M. D., Profes, in many respects a judicial officer; and many understand, belongs. sor of the Institutes of Medicine, and Lecturer on Medical Jurisprudence in

questions are referred to his discussion, We do not mean to say that this system

which in our institutions are determined sole- of jurisprudence is not incomparably betthe College of Physicians and Surgeons ly by the jury. His Report forms an essen- ter than that founded on the civil law. We of the Western District of the State of tial part of the proceedings, in every case in only say, that, as it affords the medical witNew York, &c. Albany, 1823.2 vols. which medical facts or opinions are involv- ness no opportunity to acquire reputation 8vo.

ed. This report is prepared in his closet, or distinction, and little for usefulness, it The remark has been made by almost every with full opportunity for a deliberate ex- furnishes few inducements to physicians to one who has given his attention to the sub- amination of the question; and it is re- cultivate this branch of science. On the ject, that the science of Medical Jurispru- ceived with a corresponding weight of au- other hand, there is a variety of consideradence has received much less attention in thority. We know not how far it is so at tions, which render it peculiarly unpleasant England and in this country, than among the present day, but it was formerly the to most physicians to appear in court. The the more cultivated of the nations on the case, that the opinion of distinguished med- interruption of their business is often a secontinent of Europe. In France and Italy, ical jurists was sought, in cases where they rious inconvenience; the course of scienand still more in Germany, works have had no concern as professional men, upon tific investigation necessary to form a satbeen published on this subject for more a statement of facts furnished by one or isfactory opinion, may be laborious and than two centuries, in great numbers, and other of the parties, and the opinion thus disagreeable, and perhaps expensive (and of all sizes, from the ponderous folios of rendered, appears often to have decided for this our law provides no compensation); Zacchias, down to the smallest duodecimo; the case. The eighty-five Consilia of Zac- and the exposure of a public tribunal is while the only general treatise on the sub- chias, in the third volume of his “Quaes- irksome to those who are accustomed to ject in the English language previous to tiones Medico-Legales,” are the opinions form and express their opinions only in the 1815, was the little volume of Dr Farr, of given by him in this manner, upon ques- seclusion of a sick chamber; at the same less than one hundred and forty duodecimo tions referred to him, sometimes upon the time that the dread of a cross examination pages; and this was avowedly little more application of the accused in a criminal af- and of the comments or the sarcasms of than a translation from a work of Faselius, fair, and sometimes upon that of an officer Counsel, not a little disturbs them. which was published in Geneva, in 1767. of government. Thus, when a man is ac- We would not have it inferred from these Except several small essays on detached cused of having poisoned his wife, the remarks, that we regard the study of medsubjects, the small volume of Dr Male, in Fiscus writes to Zacchias, stating the cir- ical jurisprudence as of little importance 1816, was the first properly original work cumstances of the case, and requesting his to our physicians. On the contrary, we on Medical Jurisprudence in our language. opinion whether the circumstances prove look upon it as a science of great value in Since that time, however, we have, per- the charge against the husband.

the administration of justice; and one which haps, our full proportion of treatises on How different all this is from the prac- ought to be cultivated, not only by physithis branch of science; though there is tice of our own courts, is sufficiently known cians, but by judges and lawyers also. But still much complaint, which is not alto- to every one who has ever attended a trial. it is apparent from what has been said, congether without foundation, that the profess- The appearance of a physician in court in çise as our remarks are, that this is a very ion in general pay very little attention to it. any case, is here perfectly accidental, and different science from that which is known

The cause of such a disproportion in the has not the slightest connexion with the by the same appellation on the continent of extent to which this science is cultivated validity or regularity of the proceedings. Europe. Some of the questions, indeed, among different nations, appears to have A written opinion can never be introduced, remain the same; but very many of them escaped observation. It is not to be sup- unless it happen, as in the case of deposi- are essentially altered by the difference posed, that in those countries in which the tion of any other kind, that the personal of our institutions, and the grounds upon rights of individuals are better understood, attendance of the witness cannot be procur- which almost all are settled, are greatly and better protected, than in any other ed. Neither can an opinion be pronounced changed. The medical profession in this part of the world, any branch of knowledge by the physician in person, until all the facts country have, in fact, no duties to perform, which is essential to the preservation of upon wbich it rests have been fully detail- that are in any sense of the word judicial; those rights, should be less cultivated than ed and proved in court; in order that the and the term medical jurisprudence, is rein countries where individual rights are jury may estimate for themselves the cor- tained rather from habit, and from the difless respected. There must, therefore, be rectness and value of his judgment. Be- ficulty of agreeing upon a better, than something in the nature of our institutions, sides, if the opinion (as must generally from any belief of its correctness. as compared with those of the nations on happen), is founded in any degree upon The very circumstance, that the nature the continent of Europe, to render an ex. facts related by other witnesses, and which of our institutions does not afford encourtensive knowledge of Medical Jurispru- were not previously known to him, it must agement to any man to devote his attendence as a distinct object of study, less necessarily be formed and expressed upon tion exclusively to this study, although, as necessary to an effective administration of the spur of the occasion, without any oppor- we have said, it operates to prevent the adjustice. Such is in truth the case. tunity for examination or deliberation. And vancement of the science, is in truth a

There is, indeed, little analogy between in addition to all this, the opinion is to be reason why every physician should possess the part which medical reports bear in the given to a jury of, quoad hoc, “unlearned some knowledge of the subject. Every judicial proceedings of France and Germa- and ignorant men,” to whom the language physician, whatever may be his character ny (and probably in all the countries whose in which he is accustomed to speak on pro- or standing in the profession, is liable to be called upon to pronounce a professionals us, indeed, as may appear from what we animation. His eyes were closed, and his counopinion in cases perhaps of the highest im- have already said, that it would have been tenance extremely pale; but his respiration conportance; and that too, in most instars more practically useful, if the author had sinued free, and his pulse was of a healthy tone. without opportunity for any preparation oy directed bis attention more fully to an ap- / wine, and occasionally tea, which he sucked in study or reflection on the point

in question. plication of medical science in its present through his teeth, as all attempts to open his mouth The general professional knowledge of a state of advancement, to the actual con- were fruitless. Pins were thrust under his finger well educated and scientific physician may dition of our legal institutions, instead of nails to excite sensation, but in vain. It was conbe sufficient to enable him to acquit him- spending so much time in collecting and jectured that his present illness might be owing to self in such a case tolerably well; but he examining opinions formed in a very diffe- the surgeon to perform the operation of scalping, will do it much more to his own satisfac- rent state of learning, and applied to a very in order to ascertain whether there was not a detion, and to that of those interested in the different order of things. Snch was not, pression of the brain. The operation was describresult, if he has previously made it a subject however, the plan of his work, and we are ed by him to the parents at the bedside of their son, of study, to regard his knowledge in the new not disposed to quarrel with him for not and it was performed; the incisions were made, relations in which such questions require'it adopting our plan in preference to his own ; ing all this time he manifested no audible sign of

the scalp drawn up, and the head examined. Dur to be placed. A court of judicature is not a especially' since he could not have known pain or sensibility, except when the instrument place for a physician to acquire reputation; when he wrote, what plan we should pro- with which his head was scraped, was applied. He but he may there, by the ability and clear- pose. The plan which he adopted, he has then, but only once, uttered a groan. As no beneness of his testimony, either aid in the effi- faithfully and diligently executed.

The ficial result appeared, and as the case seemed cient administration of justice, or promote sources from which materials are collected hopeless, a discharge was obtained, and he was

taken to the house of his father. The next day he the interests of humanity; at the same time with much industry and labour, are various was seen sitting at the door, talking to his parent; that he will avoid the mortification and and extensive. The catalogue of works and the day after, was observed at two miles from self-reproach, that must necessarily follow quoted by him, which is prefixed to the first home, cutting spars, carrying reeds up a ladder, and from giving a hasty and incorrect opinion. volume, occupies more than eight closely assisting his father in thatching a rick.

One of the earliest reports in legal med printed pages. We have observed a few The chapter on Infanticide was written icine, of which we have any particular ac- errors in his notices of the laws of some of by Dr Beck of New York, a brother of the count, exhibits in a very favourable light our State governments; but they are not author of the rest of the work; and is the humane effects of a cultivation of this of a kind to affect materially the general quite an elaborate and interesting article. branch of science; and it deserves to be value of the work. Errors of this kind are The manner in which the destruction of inquoted for the evidence it affords, that the the unavoidable result of the unlimited fants has been regarded by different nascience of medicine was more free from prevalence of the law-making and law- tions, exhibits a strong contrast between the superstition of the age, than either of amending spirit in this country. However the morals inculcated by the Christian rethe other learned professions. “The Crim- correct any abstract of the provisions of ligion, and those of most of the heathen inal Court of Paris,” says Pigray, (who the several States may 'be at the time it is world. With the exception of Jews and was Surgeon to Henry III., and published made, the probability is strong, that before Christians, most of the nations of the world in 1595), “in 1589, appointed M. M. Leroi, it is completed and published, some of those have looked upon it as no crime to destroy Falaiseau, Renard, physicians to the king, provisions will be essentially altered, by their children, whenever their passions, or and myself, to visit forty men and women, some new “ Act in addition to an Act enti- their views of interest prompted them to do it. who were sentenced to death, having been tled an Act to amend an Act.”

It is a fact, says Dr B., no less melancholy than accused of witchcraft. The visit was made It is no part of our design to present to astonishing, that a practice so unnatural as that of by us in presence of two counsellors of that our readers an analysis of Dr Beck's book. infanticide, should ever have prevailed to any excourt. We saw the reports which had pre- of the great variety of topics necessarily sible in those unbappy

regions of the earth, where

Its existence might have been supposed posviously been made concerning them, and discussed in such a work, many are not well untutored passion and brutal sense reign triumphant upon which the judgment against them had suited to our pages. Some are too profes- over reason and morality ; but that the fairest porbeen pronounced. I know nothing either sional for any but professional men, or too tion of society, where genius, science, and refineof the capacity or fidelity of the authors of grave, for any but grave and learned men. disgraced by a crime so disgusting, is one of those these reports; but we found nothing of Yet some amusement may be found, by anomalies in the history of human feeling and what they had asserted ;-among other those whose chief object is to amuse them- conduct, which irresistibly prove how perfectly things, that there were certain places in selves, in the examples and illustrations of undefined are the laws of justice and humanity, their bodies wholly insensible. We exam- some of the subjects, if not in the discuss when unguided by the principles of true religion. ined them very diligently, without forget- ions themselves.

The fact, however, is not more astonishing than ting any thing that required attention. The work begins with a chapter on that this practice prevailed in alniost all the an.

true. A slight review of its history, will show us They were made to strip themselves en- feigned diseases. The various artifices by cient nations, and that it is not even yet blotted tirely naked, and were pinched in many which impositions are practised upon the from the list of human crimes. places; but they had the sense of feeling credulous, open a curious field of study to Dr B. traces this history, concisely, very acutely. We questioned them on the observer of human motives and pas- through most of the heathen nations of the many points, because they were said to sions. There should seem to be in this world, and tinds that nearly all of them eibe melancholics; we only found the poor country, but little temptation to imposition ther permitted or encouraged the destruccreatures stupid. Some of them were not by pretending sickness, except in the army, tion of infants. Some Christian nations at all disposed to die ; others seemed to de- or in prisons and penitentiaries ; yet is have gone to the opposite extreme, and sire death. Our advice was, to give them there no “ disease which flesh is heir to," looked upon this crime with more suspicion a dose of hellebore as a purge, rather as that may not sometimes have its counter- even than ordinary murder. The admirers a remedy than a punishment. The court feit. And the detection is not always so of Jeanie Dean will remember the severe followed the advice of our report, and sent easy as might be imagined. Dr B. gives interpretation which the Scottish law forthem away.

the following example among many others. inerly put upon an innocent concealment Dr Beck's Medical Jurisprudence does

The case of Phineas Adams, which lately oc- of a much less heinous offence. A similar not pretend very fully to the character of curred in England, shows to what individuals will provision of law was in force in England, an original work, although it contains much submit, in order to escape punishment. He was a and in some of our American states, until original observation on the laws and insti- soldier in the Somerset militia, aged eighteen years, within a few years; and even now, although tutions of this country. We do not mean, and confined in jail for desertion. From the 26th cases of infanticide are tried by the same certainly, by this remark, to detract at all of April to the sth of July, 1891, ambayo ina state rules of evidence as other crimes, yet it is from the merits of the work. It seems to thrusting snuft up the nostrils, electric shocks, pow- difficult to avoid altogether the influence of

erful medicines, &c. When any of his limbs were this unfavourable interpretation of cir* Fodere's Médecine Légale.

raised, they fell with the leaden weight of total in- ' cumstantial evidence.

"*

The subject of Insanity is one of the most and general rules, is a solid gain to the cause of death ; and the various circumstances comdifficult of all the topics that are discussed truth and justice.

municated by our author, have no other in works on Medical Jurisprudence; and it In his classification and discussion of bearing upon the guilt or innocence of the is less understood, and the general practice words, Dr B. follows the arrangement of rjoner, than as they tend to exhibit the in our courts of law in respect to it, is less the French writers, and particularly Fo- intent with which the wound was given. If satisfactory, perhaps, than any other. We deré. He says,

it be proved that the wound was inflicted do not propose to follow our author through

Wounds, from their nature, may be either slight, with a murderous intent, in other words, if his examination of this interesting subject. dangerous, or mortal. By a slight wound, is meant there was malice prepense, and death is the We can only notice a single remark. In one in which there are no parts injured that are consequence, it takes nothing from the guilt anote at the end of the chapter on “ Men- tions, and whose uniform course is to heal quickly, that such a wound is not generally mortal;

important to carrying on life, or any of its func or the responsibility of the prisoner, to show tal Alienation,” Dr B. says,

and to leave no lesion or deformity. A dangerous It will be observed that I have not noticed the one, implies a wound, which, without being mortal, -nor that the deceased had not proper assubject of suicide in this chapter. Whether this is still not exempt from danger, and presents more sistance ;-nor that the Surgeon was negis, or is not a proof of insanity, is a question which or less difficulty in its cure. Lastly, mortal wounds ligent or unskilful, unless the death is fortunately never comes before our coroners' juries. comprehend those whose consequence and effect We do not war on the dead body in this country. is death. In this sense only, is a wonnd in lega very obviously and clearly produced by his There is an air of complacency and tri- than these which I have named, may, however, be did not submit himself properly to medical

medicine termed mortal. More minute divisions applications ;--nor even that the deceased umph in the concluding sentence, not to made, and indeed are indispensable. Thus, a treatment, but was impatient and passionate, say of reproach, not very well suited to the wound may be in itself mortal, or it may be mortal or drinked spirits, or tore off the bandages dignity of a scientific work, and which we by accident. It may be in itself dangerous, or it from his rounds, unless it be also shown think might better

have been

omitted ; es- may become so from some complication, or from that this misconduct proceeded from a wilpecially since it is not true (or rather it wounds may become dangerous

from neglect, from ful and mischievous disposition, and delibewas not when Dr B. wrote), in reference to a debilitated or diseased state of the system, or rate determination to destroy himself

, and some parts of our country, any more than from mal-treatment, such as endeavouring to excite not from restlessness and pain, or fever, or it is of England, that “ we do not war upon suppuration, when the aim ought to be to promote delirium, caused by the wounds themselves. the dead." The allusion is of course to the adhesion, In such cases, the blame should be laid We might illustrate this point by examples;

where it properly belongs. law for preventing the crime of suicide, by certaio indignities inflicted upon the dead

Dr Beck also follows Foderé in his ar- themselves beyond their proper limits, and

but our remarks have already extended body of the offender, except in cases where rangement of the circumstances which we must quit the discussion. the jury of inquest found that the crime render this division an arbitrary one, and

The literary execution of this work, is, was committed under the influence of in- wbich cause a mortal wound of the lowest in the main, very good. The style is not sanity. We know not how it may be in class to be inevitably mortal-a dangerous, always quite correct; and a few instances other states, but in this commonwealth, the one to become mortal—and a slight one, of a show of fine writing might be pointed

dangerous." provision of the law in this respect, was

These circumstances he reo out. But, in general, the style is, as it substantially the same at the time this note duces to four classes : First

, the constitu- should be plain, unambitions, and perwas written, as it was in England. In both tion of the patient, and his antecedent or spicuous. countries, the law was so much in opposi- coexistent inaladies : Second, the passions tion to the general feeling of the commu- of the patient, and his negligence or delay, nity, that its execution was in almost every or that of his attendants : Third, insalubrity The History of Matthero Wald. By the case evaded; and in both, it has since been of the atmosphere, whether it be of a local

Author of Valerius, Reginald Dalton, $6. repealed. But the repeal of the English nature, or the general constitution : Fourth, &c. New York. 1824. 12mo. pp. 224. law was made at an earlier date than that the ignorance or negligence of the Surgeon. The author of Valerius is an established of ourse

Our author enlarges upon each of these novel writer. All his books sell, and are Much the greatest number, and the most classes; but we have room only for his re- talked of emphatically. This is very natu

marks important part of the questions, respecting

upon
the last.

ral, for he writes with great power, and which a physician is liable to be called The ignorance or negligence of the Surgeon, he can say more beautiful and eloquent and upon for a professional opinion, arise in says, may aggravate or endanger the condition of striking things, than almost any living novtrials for homicide, by whatever means that the wounded patient. This happens when futile of elist

. One certainly goes beyond him, and crime is committed. A large proportion of when the instruments employed are in bad or

a few may rank by his side, but he must this work is therefore taken up in the dis- der-when the Surgeon is either ignorant or rasb- unquestionably be classed among the first cussion of such questions. The second or when seeing the danger, he does not obtain the in his profession. All that he writes is at volume is principally occupied with the sub- aid of skilful persons. In general, when a dissec- once reprinted here, and thus adopted into ject of wounds, and that of poisons. On the tion proves

that no wound mortal in its nature has our literature; and we therefore consider first of these the author remarks,

ces already enumerated, can be urged as causing ourselves bound to give some notice of his The questions which arise in all cases of wounds its fatality, the death of the patient should be at novels as they appear. He writes too rapthat come under judicial investigation, are the fol- tributed to the surgical attendant, rather than to idly, and therefore carelessly. Even in our lowing: How far has the person who caused the the author of the wound; provided it be proved short career, we have had occasion to to the lesion of one or other of the functions of him, by leaving foreign bodies in the wound, which speak of another of his works, and before

the the body? And again to what class is a certain might have been taken away--by not suppressing

year is out may find ourselves review. wound to be referred? These are enquiries of hæmorrhage-by not evacuating collections of pus ing a third. We presumé he writes for great magnitude--and correct views, as well as sta- when necessary--by neglecting or hurrying opera- money, and thinks or finds that he earns a ble principles, are needed to answer them properly. tions, or by not causing the proper regimen to be larger income by making many lively and Medical and surgical works are filled with instan observed.

taking books, than by elaborating a řery ces of remarkable recoveries from the most dread. ful wounds, and also with cases of death from ap. Dr B. has been led, by his respect for the lence. As far as the public are concerned,

It will be seen from these extracts, that few into greater and more faultless excelparently the slightest ones. If we take these as our guide, the consequence will be, that nothing of continental writers, into the error of adopt- this is to be regretted. Few men can make a determinate nature can be agreed upon, and every ing the principles of the civilian, instead of such works as Valerius, and he who by the physician, whenever he enters a court of justice, our own. By our courts, a wound is held labour of years can accomplish one or two may, by the aid of a corresponding example, prove to be a mortal one in law, which is mortal of kindred character to that admirable novtality has been owing to ignorance or neglect. Such in fact, in the individual instance under el, would do more for the public, if not for power is too extensive, and too important, to be examination, without any reference to the himself, by pursuing such a course, than by granted to every medical witness, and whatever we question whether or not it was likely, un writing dozens of pleasant tales like Regi. Lake from his hands, and refer to sound principles Ider ordinary circumstances, to producel nald Dalton and the book now under notice.

more.

pp. 12.

But the little space which we have to her, and at the close of the story Wald The Stagy rite says you cannot hate the dead:fill, gives us an admonition to go at once to kills him, thus :

He never hated. I dipped my shoe in his blood.

I rushed home as if I had had wings; but my this book, and to be very brief in our re- Lascelyne followed me in silence-I walked ve-courage forsook me at the threshold. marks upon it. Matthew Wald was of ry rapidly, I promise you-until we were fairly I entered the room where Katharine was-(sbe Scotch extraction; his family was respect- among the trees. I halted, and flinging my cloak was still seated there, her child on her knee, waitable and acquired considerable wealth by on the turf

, bade him choose for himself. Swords !' said he-two swords, Mr Wald! about me. I sat down at some little distance from

ing for me) I entered it with my cloak wrapped prudently allotting, through successive gen

I was not prepared for this, sir,–I assure you 1 them--and in silence. erations, different sides, in every political had no such intention.' or religious dispute, to father and son ; so Choose, my lord, choose,' I answered ; "the what have you been about your looks were

* Matthew,' said she, “where have you been ?that one might always be on the lucky side, blades are good both of them.”

strange before--but now —and by making it a rule to marry every

"Sir,' said he, and he drew himself up in a very

I drew my cloak closer about me. estate in the neighbourhood, when the la stately fashion—I must say that for Lascelyne

Oh! Matthew-your eyes!-will you never • Sir, I refuse no man's challenge; but neither do I dies attached to the acres made no partic- accept it but upon certain conditions—name your

compose yourself?" ular objections. This accumulated wealth quarrel, sir, and your friend.'

• Never, Kate.'

But now you were softening -Come hither, fell to the father of Matthew in conse- My quarrel!

Matthew.-Oh! try if you can weep.' quence of the rebellion and sudden death · Yes, sir, your quarrel-Do you pretend to say I drew out my sword from below the cloak--I of his brother; but he saw fit to leave it that you have any rights over my child?—It was held out the red blade before me—the drops had

not all baked yet--one or two fell upon the floor. all to his brother's daughter, cutting off that only my letter referred to.'

Oh no, my Lord Lascelyne, not to that only. Matthew with his own younger brother's --Come, come, here is no time for trifling : Ha?' God of Mercy! there is blood upon that

Speak, Matthew! what is this?-Speak! portion, and leaving him no way the bet- choose:

sword.' ter for the rebellion. Matthew, when he 'I insist upon hearing what is your quarrel, Mr

* Ay, blood, my cousin-blood.' grew to man's estate, departed in quest of Wald.

*My husband! my Lascelyne !"--I beard to

My quarrel ?– You sign yourself, “ Wald Lasa living ; many misfortunes befell him, some

Heavens and earth! that I should write

this down! One shriek-one- just one ! of which he sought and some sought him. celyne," I think, too ? Come, my lord, draw.

And wherefore?-Speak plainly, at all events.' But, like all heroes, he escaped through ev- 'In me, sir, you see the representative of an inerything with life and unscathed limb, and sulted blood that is not !!

, but that is enough Sacred Geography, or a Description of the after a while unlike most heroes-became choose, and choose quickly! an established physician in good practice. ticular title to fight me because I have happened

• Why, sir, if you think that you have any par. places mentioned in the Old and Neue From this condition he was elevated to to have some disagreement with your cousin, that

Testaments : intended to promote a knout that of “a' landed gentleman,” by discov- is well enough in its way, and I sha'nt be the man

edge of the Holy Scriptures. Accompaering one day some proofs that his wife's to baulk you--but not here, nor thus, if you please.

nied by three maps. By Thomas T. Smi

ley, Teacher. Philadelphia. 1824. 4to. father had almost married, whereby the -I must have my boy, sir, first; and secondly, 1 requisitions of the very courteous Scotch must place him in hands that I happen to approve law were satisfied, and he recovered her of that's my fancy, sir; and then, Mr Wald, if The descriptions in this work are extremeestate. Then there is a bird's eye view of prefer going through such things in the most re

ly scant and meagre; all of them put to him in possession-how, it is not told-ofceived fashion-in short, I choose among my own gether would not cover half of a page. The his paternal estate, and acting very queer- friends, ere I pick among your blades—that also is volume, indeed, is only this, a scriptare ly indeed. Matthew, the disinherited, and my fancy:

atlas, well executed, with lists of the mohis cousin who has his estate, appear to be

· Friends!--Friends to see us !-Seconds, fordern names corresponding to those in the

sooth!' considerably in love with each other

* Ay, sir, seconds; 'tis the rule, and I have no

Bible, and questions well suited to direct throughout the game; but they are also in passion for singularities, whatever may be your the attention of a child to those particulars love with other people whom they respect-laste.'

of geographical position and relation which ! ively marry. For specimens of our au- Come, come—when you next fall out with he could easily learn by inspecting the thor's style we refer them to our review of some fop about a pointer, or a dancer, my lord- proper map. We think the author would Reginald Dalton, in an earlier number. will do finely. i thought we were serious.

some pirouetting dancer--this puppy legislation have made a far more valuable book, bad It is always indicative of great and various Serious partly so, partly not, Mr Wald. I he in fact given descriptions of the most ability ; eloquent, ornamented, or playful, consider, (but I won't baulk you, though,) I con interesting places mentioned. The princias the occasion requires, and always inter-sider this as rather a laughable burry of yours, Mr pal purpose and use of this book, we sup

Wald.' esting. There are, however, soine instances in this volume in which the author

*Laughable? ha !--was that your word?"

pose to be the giving so much interest and

entertainment to the study of the Scrip

'Ay, laughable-extremely laughable---quite aims at a bolder flight than heretofore,- hors des regles.'

tures, as to make children love to read and he rather fails in most of these at.

* The regles !-Madam Francoise has taught them. This is unquestionably an impor tempts. At such times, both in his best you that pretty word, too.-Come, come, do you tant object, but it might have been far and least success, he reminds us of our old wish me to spit on you-to kick you—to crush you more perfectly accomplished, by the aid di friend Neal, who actually had a knack of - hew you down like a calf?'

* Sir, you are a ruffian : but give me your sufficiently animated and picturesque to be

such general descriptions as could be made of sometimes saying terrible things in a

swordsmost terrible way. We can cite a speci- *How beautifully we went through all the pa- very acceptable, and sufficiently accurate men of our author's endeavours in that rade!--how calmly we proved the distance !-How to be instructive to children, without any way. Wald, who was altogether a very exactly we took our attitudes! You would have necessity of resorting to other materials truculent and reckless kind of fellow, add sworn we were two professed fencers and yet than those which are every where accessied to his other excellencies, that of being tried the naked sword before but once; and you

ble. a most bitter hater. He first felt this ten- know how

We think the author errs in one particuder passion for an hypocritical scoundrel But after the first minute of ceremony, what a lar of some little consequence; we mean who availed bimself of his priestly office joke was all this !) rushed upon him, sir, as if I in making no difference between his mode to win the affections and the wealth of had been some horned brute. I had no more of asserting facts which can be verified to Matthew's widowed aunt. Our hero was

thoughts of guards and passes than if I had been

a bison. He stabbed me thrice-thrice through a good degree of certainty, and those, the a boy-and being severely whipt by his the arm-clean through the arm--that was niy truth of which

is, to say no more, extremenew uncle, almost killed him in return, guard--but what signifies this? I felt his blade as ly doubtful. Thus he informs his readers, and speaks of his indignant wrath, as if he if it had been a gnat, a nothing. At last my turn that Paradise was about sixty miles from were maddened by the recollection. But came--I spitted him through the heart-rushed the mouth of the Euphrates, that Hiddekel, his most intense agony of hate comes over him when he sees Lord Lascelyne winning

steel out of him. I spurned him off it with my foot. a river of Paradise, was the same with the

Lie there, rót there, beast”! a single groan, modern Gyndes, and that Ashkenaz, a his cousin. Lascelyne afterwards deserts ! and his eye bixed.

grandson of Japhet, peopled France, while

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