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They have told me of sweet purple hues of the west,

Of the rich tints that sparkle on ocean's wide breast;

They have told me of stars that are burning on high,

When the night is careering along the vast sky;
But alas! there remains wheresoever I flee,
Nor beauty, nor lustre, nor brightness for me!

But yet, to my lone gloomy couch there is given
A ray to my heart that is kindled in heaven;
It sooths the dark path through this valley of tears,
It enlivens my heart, and my sorrow it cheers,
For it tells of a morn when this night shall pass by,
And my spirit shall dwell where the days do not




Taalbeta Sherran wooed a girl of the family of the Absites; and she being desirous to marry him, appointed the wedding day. But when he came to her alone, she changed her mind and re jected him. Then said he, "What hath changed thee?" She answered, "By Allah, thy renown is very great, but my family says to me, What wilt thou do with a husband, who will be killed to-day or to-morrow, and leave thee a widow ?"

At this he turned away and spake these words:

"Espouse not the chief who in danger rejoices," They called to the muiden I courted to wed; "When his cry next is heard 'mid the war's loudest


The blade of the sword with his blood shall be fed."

Distrust seized the maiden; she trembled with

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Nor loves at their kind his sharp weapons to bend;
And could they but warm to affection's embraces,
The hand of affection they'd reach to their friend.

Oft fierce from an ambush in fury he flashes,
To meet the bold warriors he longs to engage;
On his foes from his covert he fearlessly dashes,

And ever will dash, till his blood's chilled with age. And beside, all the masters of camels have found him

A plague, ever seizing on herds not his own; Yet they dare not pursue when his train is around him,

Nor dare they pursue him, e'en when he's alone. While I live shall my feet to the battle field bear


Its grass with my blood soon or late will be wet;

For I know, though the sabre of death long should

spare me,

Its blade, brightly gleaming, must one day be met.


collected minerals, birds, natural productions, costumes, works of native arts and [The following translation of a letter lately re- manufactures; and availing himself of the ceived by a gentleman in this neighbourhood, from political situation of the country, which one of the veterans of German science, may per- gave him free access to many sources of haps interest our readers. Its author, the celebrat-knowledge recently opened, he obtained

ed Eichhorn, is well known as the most conspicu

"Göttingen, January, 18, 1824. "Allow me, my dear friend, to remind you of an old promise you made me, that you would procure the new edition of my Introduction to the Old Testament, the honor of a place in the Library of your University. It will appear at Easter this year, in five volumes; and I beg you, through the agency of some American student here, or the booksellers at Hamburg or Bremen, to have the goodness to receive the copy placed at your disposition, and deposit it in your library.

ous of the Theologians of the moder: school in possession of some very remarkable records, that country, and as a writer of uncommon origin- apparently of the greatest antiquarian valality and learning. Though now passed the limit ue. He also procured some beautiful modof three score years and ten, the following letter els, in full size as well as in little, of the shows that he preserves his health, spirits, and fruits and vegetable productions. The literary activity, unabated.] doubted hand-tree, with its fruit resembling the human hand; the torch thistle, three feet in thickness, and thirty feet high, with its many stems covered with flowers and fruits; the gigantic and clustering shapes of the palms, bananas, plantains, paupaus, avocatas, and many varieties of plants whose forms are almost totally unknown to the most skillful in botany. To these and many others, Mr Bullock has added specimens of all the productions that could be preserved in their natural state, and has brought from Mexico, to enrich the flora of England, a large collection of living plants, and seeds of the rarest and most beautiful flowers. His specimens of natural history are as valuable as those in botany. Of nearly two hundred species of birds, the greater number are undescribed. Many of these are humming-birds of exquisite plumage and surpassing brilliancy. Of these Mr Bullock had, at one time, seventy alive in one cage, and studied closely their

"Since the departure of Mr, my opportunities of receiving intelligence from you and our common friend have ceased. I therefore go back, the more frequently, to former times, and enjoy in recollection those agreeable hours, which we used to pass together. I still live on the same life, in which you found me, and in which you left me. I still give my lectures with great ease and alacrity, and finish at night my task of thirteen or fourteen hours, without feeling the least exhaustion. I should gladly have released myself from the editorship of the Göttingen Journal of Science, at the close of the last year; but the ministry at Hanover refused to grant the dismission which I requested. My object was to procure leisure to prepare such works for publication, as I still have in view. This I must for the present give up, as the care of the Journal consumes all the time, which my lectures leave unoccupied. For the rest, our University is in the highest degree prosperous. We count this winter 1532 students, of whom the law students are the more numerous part. My son, in his lectures on the History of the German Law, has constantly near 300 auditors. But of what am I talking? I wished only to send you a hearty salutation, and beg the continuance of your kind remembrance beyond the ocean, and have fallen into the old man's garrulity. I commit you, and all our friends in America, and all your undertakings, to the protection of an Eternal Providence, and assuring you affectionately of the continuance of my friendly recollection, till I pass to those who die not, once again I commend you to God. EICHHORN."

We learn from a late London Literary Gazette, the safe, arrival of Mr Bullock from Mexico, after a sojourn of six months. He visited the capital and many principal cities, and with great zeal and assiduity climbed volcanoes and pyramids, drew landscapes and temples, exhumed ancient images, and unniched long established gods;

motions and habits. Mr B. has also preserved a great variety of the fishes of Mexico and its coast, which are but little known; they are very singular in form and beautiful in colour, and he enumerates in his catalogue between two and three hundred species. While augmenting the stores of the vegetable and animal kingdoms, it would have been singular had he failed to visit the mineral world, in which Mexico is, perhaps, richer than all the universe besides. Her mines are more profuse and valuable, than rare or beautiful, but they form her distinguishing character, and will probably renew her wealth and importance as a nation, now that British and American skill and capital is about to be set to work upon them. Great contracts are now making to work the disused and ruined mines. The great mine of Valenciana is now English property (we believe it belongs to the Messrs Barclay); it is said to have been one of the most productive mines in the world; if ancient accounts may be relied upon, the annual profits were at one time equal to a million and a half sterling.

We hope to publish in our next, a review of Mr Poinsett's Notes upon this interesting country.

We have seen the first number of the Cambridge Quarterly Review. If this work is to be considered a fair specimen of the literary skill and talent of the University, one must believe that the Muses are at least preparing to leave their ancient seats. The leading article-a review of Southey's "Book of the Church"-is quite good; that is to say, it is exact, thorough, and elaborate, and evi



dently all that the writer could make of it; | individuals for which it is intended. There as to be perfectly air-tight. From the upbut it displays no remarkable power of is no contest in the career of the drama. In per portion of the chamber, two tubes prothought or language. The reviewer prais- the years 1821 and 1822, there were produ-ject, of sufficient diameter to allow musket es Dr Southey, and the whole religious his- ced only two melo-dramas. The greater part bullets to pass freely down, for the purpose tory and condition of England, with quite of the works which issue from the Sicilian of loading the gun. Nothing more is neas much zeal as discretion. There is a presses, relate to antiquities and the fine arts. cessary than to lift the short lever of a slidpleasant story related of Archbishop Laud, ing valve, when the rush of steam into the whom both author and reviewer seem inchamber instantaneously discharges the clined to praise rather more than most hisbullet, with a force much greater than ordinary gunpowder. Several times, three or torians. four balls thrown in at once have been stopped in the gun-barrel for want of sufficient steam pressure. This might be avoided by giving any degree of pressure required. Mr Perkins has not yet employed a greater power than thirty-five atmospheres, though the strength of his apparatus would admit five times that power if necessary."

A new Literary Journal was announced for the month of May-"Revue Euro"The spirit of faction arose to such virulence, péenne, ou Productions de l'Esprit humain that even the softer sex opened upon him the bat- en France, en Angleterre, en Italie, en Altery of vulgar and insolent invective. An instance lemagne." The publication is to be monthis related by Heylyn, the biographer of this greatly, and in bulk about ten sheets 8vo. It man, in which the Primate adroitly foiled an antago- proposes to give information of all the nist of this description with her own weapons. Lady works published, discoveries made, proDavies, the widow of the Attorney General of Ireland, took upon herself, in the true spirit of fanat-gress ascertained, &c., in the arts and sciicism, to prophesy against Laud, shortly before his ences in every part of Europe; and is to advancement to the Archiepiscopal See; believing be published in English at London, French that the spirit of Daniel had passed into her, be- at Paris, Italian in Italy, German in Gercause out of the letters of her name, ELEANOR DAVIES, she could form the anagram, REVEAL many, &c. Already the contributors and O DANIEL; though by the way, it had too much by editors are provided. an S, and too little by an L. While the other bishops and clergy were gravely endeavouring to confute this wretched fanatic by arguments deduced from Scripture, Laud went a readier way to work. Taking a pen. he wrote this anagram, DAME ELEANOR DAVIES-NEVER SO MAD A LADIE,' and presented it to her, saying, Madam, I see you build much on anagrams, and I have found one which I hope will suit you.' This threw the whole court into laughter, and either the poor woman grew wiser, or was less regarded."

There is a review of Irving (the preacher), very abusive and not much to the pur pose; and one of St Ronan's Well, in which the writer endeavours to be exceedingly witty, but must be satisfied with the credit of good intention. The review of Blunt's Vestiges of Ancient Manners discoverable in Modern Italy, is quite interesting, because the book itself is very much so, as it places in a strong light the remarkable similarity between the Catholic form of Christianity and the Pagan institutions which it supplanted. The review of Croly's Catiline is pretty good, but far inferior to that which appeared in the North American

Review some time since.

This Review is also an Academical Register, and contains many pages of University Intelligence, Prize Poems, Lectures,

&c. &c.


The "Bibliothèque Italienne" for 1823, contains an account of the literary productions furnished by Sicily in 1821 and 1822. It does not appear that literature is much encouraged or cultivated by the Sicilians. In those two years, according to this account, only about fifty-six works were published. Sicilian Literature is equally poor in its journals. There is a publication called "The Iris," a journal of sciences, letters, and arts; but it is not very expensively got up, being principally composed of extracts from foreign journals. The "Abeille," which served as a literary Gazette for Sicily, was so badly supported, that it ceased at the twelfth number. The "Journal de Médecine," in which are published the observations made at the great Hospital of Palermo, may be interesting to the class of


A young French poet, who possesses an astonishing faculty, proposes to improvise publicly, in French, something very extraordinary,-a Tragedy in 5 acts, and a grand Opera in 3 acts. This young man, M. Eugène de Pradel, has but just left Sainte Pélagie, where he has been imprisoned during five years for political opinions. During this time he has applied himself closely to study, and has published several works in


and verse.


The Chinese have a method of hatching the spawn of fish, and thus protecting it from those accidents which ordinarily destroy so large a portion of it. The fishermen collect with care on the margin and surface of waters, all those gelatinous masses which contain the spawn of fish; after they have found a sufficient quantity, they fill with it the shell of a fresh hens-egg, which they have previously emptied, stop up the hole, and put it under a sitting fowl. At the expiration of a certain number of days they break the shell in water warmed by the sun, the young fry are presently hatched, and they are kept in pure fresh water, till large enough to be thrown into the pond with the old fish. The sale of spawn for this purpose forms an important branch of trade in China.

Some late accounts from Great Britain,
speak of the application of steam, by our
celebrated countryman, Mr Perkins, to the
purpose of discharging bullets from a gun
barrel. It is said that "his present appa-
ratus is constructed rather with the view of
showing the practicability of this applica-
tion of steam, than as a model of a machine
for that purpose. A copper pipe of two
inches in diameter is connected at one ex-
tremity with the steam reservoir belonging
to Mr Perkins' improved engine, and at
the other with a strong metal chamber.
Into this chamber a strong gun-barrel is
firmly screwed in a horizontal direction, so

Mr Perkins' reputation must be injured by such premature and imperfect accounts of his inventions as this. It is stated in the above notice, that he has only used a pressure of thirty-five atmospheres; now, the force of gunpowder has been ascertained to be equal to one thousand atmospheres, and of course, we should presume, a priori, that the force of the balls projected from this apparatus, must be comparatively trifling. And in confirmation, is the fact that three or four balls together in the barrel are sufficient to choke it up, and prevent the discharge; yet we are not told that there was any bursting of the barrel, a consequence which would certainly follow under the same circumstances, had it been charged with gunpowder. Besides, if we recollect right, the generator of Mr Perkins' new engine works with a presssure of only thirty-five or thirty-six atmospheres, and he has found it difficult to provide a boiler which should bear even this pressure without giving way. It is, of course, impossible, or exceedingly improbable, that his present apparatus should be able to bear five times this pressure, or one hundred and seventyfive atmospheres, which this account states it will admit.


The Board of Longitude has voted the sum of £500, to Mr Barlow for his simple invention for correcting the local attraction of ships. It consists of a plate of iron abaft the compass, which being regulated so as to correct the effects of the ship in any one place, does the same in all places. This invention is expected to be of very important service in navigation.

All publishers of books throughout the United States, are very earnestly requested to forward to us, regularly and seasonably, the names of all works of every kind, preparing for publication, in the press, or recently published. As they will be inserted in the Gazette, it is particularly desired that the exact titles be stated at length.

**The proprietors of Newspapers, for which this Gazette is exchanged, and of which the price is less than that of the Gazette, are expected to pay the difference.

C. H. & Co.

CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & Co. HAVE just received from France and Germany, seventeen cases of BOOKS, most of them very valuable and rare, and the price low. Among them are the following. Waltoni (Briani) Biblia Sacra Polyglotta, (Hebr. Samar. Græc. Syriac. Chald. Æthiop. Persic. et Vulg. Lat.) Lond. 1657. 6 vols. fol. Well bound and in excellent order. [This is the most valuable of the Polyglotts, and has never yet been superseded.]

Castelli (Edmundi) Lexicon Heptaglotton, Hebraicum, Chaldaicum, Syriacum, Samaritanum, Ethiopicum, Arabicum et Persicum. Cui accessit Grammatica Linguarum earundem. Lond. 1669. 2 vols. fol. [This Lexicon should accompany the Polyglott.]. Price of the Polyglott Bible and Lexicon, $85,00.

L. Bauer. Norimb. 1783-98. 10 vols. 8vo.

Millii (J.)Novum Testamentum, cum Lectionibus variantibus. Oxon. 1707. fol.

Catalogues may be had at the Bookstore, No. 1, Cornhill.


A FLORA of the Middle and Northern
Sections of the United States, or a System-
atic Arrangement and Description of all the
plants hitherto discovered in the United
States, north of Virginia. By John Torrey
M. D.

This work contains original descriptions
of all the species which have come under
the observation of the author; to which
are added, copious Synonymes and Locali-
ties. Its plan is nearly similar to that of Mr
Elliott's valuable work, and, with the prom-
ised Western Flora of Mr Nuttall, will
form as complete an account of the plants
of the United States as our present knowl-
edge will afford.

Kennicott (Benj.) Vetus Testamentum Hebraicum, cum variis Lectionibus. Oxon. 1776-80. 2 tom. fol. in boards. $42,00. Buxtorf's (the elder) Hebrew Bible, with This work will be completed in 8 or 10 a Rabbinical Commentary, including his Tiberias sive Commentarius Masorethicus. numbers, each containing about 150 pages, Basil, 1620. 2 vols. fol. in boards. $30,00. and accompanied with one or more plates. Critici Sacri: sive Annotata Doctissimo- A number will be published, as nearly rum Virorum in Vet. et Nov. Testamentum. as circumstances will permit, every two Quibus accedunt Tractatus varii Theologi- months. Price $1,25, payable on delivery. The first and second numbers of this valco-philologici. Amstel. 1698. 8 vols. in 9. handsomely bound in vellum. $45,00. [This uable work are already published, and may edition contains more than the London edi-be seen at CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & Co's. tion of 1660.]

Calvini (Johannis) Opera. Amstel. 1667

-71. 9 vols. in 5. in vellum.

Bibliotheca Fratrum Polonorum. Irenop. 1656 and 1692. 10 vols. in 7. fol. in boards, viz.

IN the year 1821, with a description of

Gibraltar, accompanied with several en-
gravings. By an American.

Socini (Fausti) Opera. 2 tom. "The design which has been kept in view in preparing this Journal for the press, is to Crellii (Joannis) Opera. 4 tom. in 2. Slichtingii de Bukowiec (Jona) Commen-give a faithful picture of objects which came taria Posthuma in plerosque N. T. Libros.

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Lampe (Fr. Adolphi) Commentarius Analytico-exegeticus Evangelii secundum Joannem. Amstel. 1723. 3 tom. 4to. neatly bound in vellum. $7,87.

Wolfii (J. Christ.) Cura Philologicæ et Critica in N. T. Hamb. 1737-41. 5 vols. 4to. $7,25.


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In Psalmos.


Rosenmuelleri (E. F. C.) Scholia in Vetus Testamentum. Lips. 8vo. viz. In Pentateuchum. Vol. I. (Gen.) 1821. Vol. II. (Exod.) 1822. Vol. I. (Ps. i.-xx.) 1821. Vol. II. (Ps. xxi.-liv.) 1822. In Jesaiam. 3 vols. 1810-20. In Ezechiel. 2 vols. 1803-10. In Prophetas Minores. 4 vols. 1812-16. [These are the latest editions of this valuable commentary.]

Schulzi (J. C. F.) Scholia in Vetus Testamentum. Continuata (inde a vol. iv.) a G.

under the author's observation, and to bring
them up in such a manner that they may
strike the reader's mind as they at first
struck his own; for this reason the descrip-
tions have been made diffuse, in order to
embrace such circumstances as he deemed
necessary to his plan. It may be consider-
ed a fault to enlarge so much on trifles; but

perhaps it may be received in palliation, if
not in excuse, that they are always the
very same trifles which have served to fas-
ten in his mind the more important subjects
with which they were connected, and are
still strongly and agreeably associated in
his memory."

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For sale by CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & Co.

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CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & Co. HAVE just received from Germany and

France, an extensive assortment of Theological and Classical Books, which have been selected by Mr Hilliard in the princi

pal cities on the Continent. Among them are a great proportion of Works extremely rare, curious, and valuable.


CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & Co. have just received a few copies of a new Chart of Mobile Bay, in the State of Alabama. Comprising the Rivers and Creeks. By Curtis Lewis.


CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & Co. have received a choice assortment of Drawing Materials, consisting of

Reeves & Son's Water Colours, put up in boxes of all sizes, many of which are elegant, composed of mahagony, rose wood, and satin wood, with lock, drawers, saucers, brushes, &c.;

Camel's Hair Pencils, by the gross, dozen, or single;

Drawing Pencils, best quality, manufactured by Dobbs;

Colours for Maps, and Plans; Drawing Chalks, all varieties, put up neatly in Boxes;

Drawing Paper of all sizes.


CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & Co. have just opened several cases, containing an extensive assortment of English Writing Paper, which they offer to the trade, and the public, on the most liberal terms.

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The New Testament, with References, and a Key Sheet of Questions, historical, doctrinal, and practical, designed to facilitate the acquisition of Scriptural knowledge in Bible-Classes, Sunday Schools, Common Schools, and private Families. By Hervey Wilbur, A. M. Second edition, stereotype.

The Bible Class-Book; or Biblical Catechism, containing Questions historical, doctrinal, practical, and experimental, designed to promote an intimate acquaintance with the Inspired Volume. By Hervey Wilbur, A. M. Thirteenth edition. Stereotype.

Worcester's Sketches of the Earth and it Inhabitants, with one hundred Engravings. Designed as a reading book.

Friend of Youth; or New Selection of Lessons in prose and verse, for schools and families, to imbue the young with sentiments of piety, humanity, and benevolence. By Noah Worcester, D. D. Second edition.

Cummings' Geography. Ninth edition. Worcester's Geography. Third edition, very much improved.

Cummings' First Lessons in Geography and Astronomy, with seven Maps and a plate of the Solar System, for the use of Young Children. Fourth edition.

Pronouncing Spelling Book, by J. A. Cummings. Third edition. This Spelling Book contains every word of common use in our language, that is difficult either to spell or pronounce. The pronunciation is strictly conformed to that of Walker's Critical Pronouncing Dictionary, and is so exactly and peculiarly denoted, that no one, who knows the power of the letters, can mistake the true pronunciation.

Cummings's Questions on the New Tes

tament, for Sabbath Exercises in Schools and Academies, with four Maps of the countries through which our Saviour and his Apostles travelled.

C. H. & Co. have a great variety of Bibles, Testaments, Spelling Books, Dictionaries, &c. Also, Inkstands, Quills, Drawing Paper, Writing Paper, Ink, Penknives, Scissors, Globes, and all articles usually wanted in Schools.


CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & CO. have just published a new and much improved edition of Worcester's Elements of Geography. This edition is printed upon good paper, and every copy well bound; and to the Atlas is added a new Map of the New England States, rendering it altogether the best School Atlas in the market.

This Geography is required in all the Public Schools in Boston, at Harvard University, and at other Colleges.

Teachers throughout the country who have not


JUST received, and for sale by Cum

MINGS, HILLIARD, & Co. Notes on Mexico, made in the Autumn of 1822. Accompanied

zen of the United States.

by an Historical Sketch of the Revolution, and Translations of the Official Reports on the present state of that Country. With a Map. By a Citi1 vol. 8vo. ADVERTISEMENT. "The Notes, which form the subject of these pages, were written during the author's rapid journey through Mexico, in the autumn of 1822, and were addressed in letters to a friend, without any intention of their ever being made public. But the United States, in every thing relating to that the deep and peculiar interest felt by the people of country, and the imperfect accounts that exist of the causes and character of the revolution which it has lately undergone, have induced him to consent to their publication.

A Diary is not perhaps the best form for a work of this description; nor is it that which the author himself would have preferred: but to have altered the letters, so as to present a more connected narrative, would have required more time than he coule spare from other avocations; and to have delayed their publication much longer would have deprived them of their chief interest.

This will account for, if it does not excuse, the want of arrangement, and the desultory nature of the contents of this volume. The notes were written at every moment of leisure during the author's residence at the capital, and in the progress of his journey through the country, and, with the single exception of the brief Historical Sketch, contained in the Appendix, the infomation they contain was minuted at the time it was collected.

They are sent forth without any pretension, in the hope that a familiar account of that portion of Mexico through which the author travelled, may induce the reader to seek information from better sources; and with this view he recommends the works of Lorenzana, Alzate, Clavigero, Beturini, Mier, Robinson, and Humboldt; from all of which, but particularly from the latter, he has drawn liberally."


FOR sale by CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & Co. tion of appropriate Marginal Questions, numbered BLAIR'S RHETORIC, improved by the addito correspond with References in the body of the page. By Nathaniel Greene.

THE Publishers of this Gazette furnish, on liberal terms, every book and every periodical work of any value which America affords. They have regular correspondents, and make up orders on the tenth of every month for England and France, and frequently for Germany and Italy, and import from thence to order, books, in quantities or single copies, for a moderate commission. Their orders are served by gentlemen well qualified to select the best editions, and are purchased at the lowest cash prices. All new publications in any way noticed in this Gazette, they have for sale, or can procure on quite as good terms as

CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & CO. have seen this Geography are invited to send for and ex- those of their respective publishers.

just published SARATOGA, a Tale of the Revolution. In 2 vols. 12mo.

"I know that we have all an innate love of our

country, and that the greatest men have been sensi

ble to its attractions; but I know also, that it is only little minds which cannot shake off these fetters."-Petrarch.

amine the work.



a set of Brewster's Edinburgh Encyclopedia for sale at a reduced price; Also of Rees' Cyclopæ dia, complete with all the plates.







Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. No. 1 Cornhill, Boston.-Terms, $5 per annum, payable in July. VOL. I.


BOSTON, JULY 15, 1824.

latitudes in which the voyage was to be prosecuted, and all measures adopted which might tend to hasten the successful termiJournal of a Second Voyage for the Dis-nation of the adventure. The instructions covery of a North-west Passage from furnished to Capt. Parry were explicit and the Atlantic to the Pacific; performed in minute, directing him to consider the disthe years 1821-22-23, in His Majesty's covery of the North-west Passage to the ships Fury and Hecla, under the orders Pacific as the main object that he was to of Captain William Edward Parry, R. N., F. R. S., and Commander of the Pursue, to which all other discoveries were Expedition. New York. 1824. pp. 464.


to be held subordinate; and that the ascer-
taining of the northern boundary of America
was the next. He was further instructed to
give his unremitting attention to observa-
tions with regard to the magnetic influence,
and to the natural history, geography, &c.
of the countries which he might discover,
as being also objects of very high import-
ance, with respect to which any information
must prove valuable and interesting to

certaining that it had no opening to the
westward, and in the attempt to double the
cape, which forms the north-east boundary
of that bay, was stopped by the commence-
ment of winter at an island, called by him
Winter Island, on the 7th of October, 1821.
The review of what had been performed
thus far, we shall give in Capt. Parry's own

No. 7.

The winter here was not over so as to permit their departure until the first day of July, 1822; being later by several weeks than the same season at Melville Island, though Melville Island lies rather more than eight degrees north of Winter Island, and though the mean corrected temperature of the two winters was, at Melville Island, 24° below zero, and at Winter IslHere they

and only 11.7° below zero. were visited by a tribe of Esquimaux, and obtained from them some valuable geographTHE name of Captain Parry must be faical information. They learned that the miliar to most of our readers; his account coast, after running northward a short disof his first voyage was extensively circulattance, turned short round to the westward ed, and his singular fitness to command and afterwards to the south-south-west, so such an expedition excited strong hopes as to come within three or four days' jourthat the voyage, the account of which is ney of Repulse Bay. The Esquimaux now before us, would result in the complete further told them, that from the hills on discovery of the long sought-for Norththis westerly coast nothing was to be seen west passage. The expedition failed in this Capt. Parry left England on the 8th of but one wide extended sea. This was conand in almost every other object of those May, 1821, reached the entrance of Hud-firmed by the recollections of some of the who planned it, evidently from no fault of son's Straits on the 18th of June follow- officers who had ascended the hills forming the commander or want of cooperation with ing, passed through the Frozen Strait of the boundary of Repulse Bay, and who had him of those under his command. The ac- Middleton, between Southampton Island seen a large sheet of water in the distance, count which he has published exhibits the and the continent, in the month of July; which they had supposed to be a lake. same modesty in the writer, the same per-coasted completely round Repulse Bay, as- From other Esquimaux, with whom they fect good sense, sound judgment, and demet in the course of their next summer's cision of character in the man, which were navigation, they learned the existence of a so obvious in his narrative of his first and strait tending nearly west, along the line more flattering expedition. We say more of coast which had been drawn by their flattering, inasmuch as it seemed to open a winter friends. This strait they discoverway direct to Behring's Straits, and left ed and called the "Fury and Hecla Strait;" small doubts in the minds of those best but the summer was too short and inclemqualified to judge, that the passage would ent to permit them to proceed far. They be feasible, if the north-eastern point were stopped on the 29th of August, 1822, of this continent could be reached. It In reviewing the events of this our first season of by an impassable barrier of ice of the forwas supposed, as Capt. Parry had conclu- navigation, and considering what progress we had mer winter, stretching from shore to shore. sively shown that the northern coast of made towards the attainment of our main object, it The rest of the season they spent in anxAmerica lay several degrees to the south was impossible, however trifling that progress ious watchings for this ice to open; in indeof Lancaster Sound; as he had made great considerable satisfaction. might appear upon the chart, not to experience Small as our actual ad- fatigable but vain efforts to discover a more progress up that sound; and as the only vance had been towards Behring's Strait, the ex-southerly and freer passage; in repeated obstacle to his further progress there, was tent of coast newly discovered and minutely ex- and close investigations of the course of the ice; that in the lower latitude on the plored in pursuit of our object, in the course of the the currents in the strait; and in journeys, continental coast, not only would the summer dred leagues, nearly half of which belonged to the last eight weeks, amounted to more than two hun- over the rugged hills to look for the polar be longer allowing more time for navigation, continent of North America. ocean. This service, notbut so much warmer as thoroughly to melt withstanding our constant exposure to the risks the ice, and allow a clear passage along the which intricate, shoal, and unknown channels, a coast. This supposition was strengthened sea loaded with ice, and a rapid tide concurred in by the knowledge, that Hearne and M'Ken- presenting, had providentially been effected without injury to the ships, or suffering to the officers zie had both seen the northern ocean at and men; and we had now once more met with Coast of America. different points, and both described it as an tolerable security for the ensuing winter, when open sea, entirely clear of ice. obliged to relinquish further operations for the season. Above all, however, I derived the most sincere satisfaction from a conviction of having left no part of the coast from Repulse Bay with the continent. And as the mainland now in sight from the hills extended no farther to the eastward than about a N. N. E. bearing, we ventured to indulge a sanguine hope of our being very near the north-eastern boundary of America, and that the early part of the next season would find us employing our best efforts in pushing along its northern

eastward in a state of doubt as to its connexion

This last voyage was begun with the most favourable auspices; every thing, which the experience of the former had shown to be desirable to increase the comfort of the officers and men, was supplied with unbounded liberality, every precaution taken to ensure the safety of the ships, all instruments furnished which might be used in making scientific observations upon the various natural phenomena of the high | shores.

This they did in fact discover,-unless Capt. Parry was unaccountably deceived,-and doubted not that the strait which they had entered communicated with it, and that they were indeed upon the northern

There was a continual

current setting out from under the ice, and the masses which broke off from time to time were carried rapidly to the eastward by this current, and never returned. The winter commenced upon the 20th of September, and they were firmly enclosed in ice for ten months; another tribe of Esquimaux wintered near them, and attending to the wants and partaking of the labours and sports of these people furnished them with ample amusement.

Capt. Parry, with the perseverance which

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