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or care.

the men I saw looked capable of making a chair running up to us with her hair flying. She is not pained at the discord between these lovely or a window-shutter, or even of putting a new but my sister either, but the daughter of my mother-in- sisters, which he is compelled to witness ton on his door.—The streets had once been paved, law: Her name is Maria-I am Teresa-Ab,

Ma week after week in the exercises of public but the stones generally lay loose in the dust, and ria! Where have you been to get your cheeks so did more harm than good. Now and then we pass- red ? Come here and put on your bonnet. But worship. We do not suppose that every ed the high walls

of some forbidden ground, the pre- the bright-eyed little girl refused and resisted, from one has been sensible of this disagreement; mises of a petty title-bearer, or the garden of some mere excess of spirits ; and though more wild and I for it is an evil of so long standing, that it is convent; but every thing was concealed except the roguish, was quite as good natured as her sister. accounted in a manner necessary, and passtops of the nearest trees, and nothing but the own- There, signor, you see what a trouble she is: she ed by as a matter of course without notice ers and the birds could conjecture at what they con- won't mind me. She is very bad (cattiva,) do you

But it may well be regretted that tained.

not think so ?-But would not you like to go in and It was an after-thought with me to draw a com- see the church, sir? You will find the chapel of it should be so; for if, instead of uniting parison between these villages and our American San Fabiano, and that of San Sebastiano over his hymns and tunes at random, as is now towns, for there was nothing to make me think of own tomb. Oh, they are very beautiful. You can done, pains were always taken to adapt the it at the time. The houses were as closely built as see the catacombs too, sir, where all the Christians expression and style of the one to the oththose of a city, and the streets as narrow and were buried; and if brother Luigi were only here uncomfortable." There was no neat and tasteful --I'll ring the bell, and then he'll come back, and er, and to regard the sentiment in the per. mansion which might be the residence of the law- tell you a great deal about them. He knows all formance, it is very certain that the psalyer, the physician, or the clergyman, and there was the chapels, and the statues and the pictures, and mody, which now is so much a mere relaxanot a single brushed coat or tidy gown in the street, where the Christians used to pray under ground, tion, or a beautiful exhibition, or perhaps a to discountenance the universal poverty and sloven- and bury the martyrs.'

wearisome noise, would become as attract

was too much in haste, and contented myself ive as eloquent speaking, and do as much liness. * * * * No one indeed, can cast the most hasty glance with a hasty glance at the interior of the church,

to accomplish the purposes of religious worabout him, without being convinced that the without waiting for the catacombs to be opened, state of society is entirely different from that among concerning which my book confirmed the words of ship. ourselves, and so different as to make him doubt my little friend. As I came out she asked me for Mr Willard, in his preface and hymns, what sort of change would ultimately prove most some money, though with a downcast look and an aims at precisely this object; a most combeneficial to the country. The people are ignorant actual blush, which, on account of their rarity, mendable and important one. And if his and poor. Under the present (that is the late) speedily atoned for a specimen of that avarice far state of things, they will always remain so. Over more common in this country. How can you ask poetical genius

were equal to his judgment throw the moral oppression of the priesthood and me for any thing,' said I, when you have nine and taste, we should say that he had made, the political oppression of the lords, and you will large oxen like those, and I have not one, and never not only a most original, but a most valuamake it possible for them to improve. But what had any... Please to bear in mind, signor," she an: ble book. The hymns are all written by sort of government should be established in the swered, coming nearer with her needle pointed at himself; and as no man ever

yet has writ. mean time. There must be an interval, and a long me. Please to bear in mind that they are not only ten a hundred and fifty-eight good hymns, one too, between the establishment of a new and oxen. They belong to Giuseppe Cod se plien care our readers of course will

not be surprised better system, and the securing of that system by a teman who leaves them with us to be taken care proportionate improvement in the people. It must of

, and pays us very little for it. Giuseppe lives at being told that these are not all good. be a government which will not only protect the in Rome. My house (casa mia) is only a little way Many of them are excellent; but as a coljects

, but which will improve their minds and their show it you... Thank you, signor-But if you don', beauty, and melody of composition, which lives, the property, and the independence of its sub- from here. Will you go and see it, Come, I will lection, we fear they want that richness, habits. Now in what proportion should be mingled give Maria a baiocch' too, I am afraid she will cry.”

are essential, in this age of poetic refinethe ordinary elements of a supreme power? Maria did indeed begin to look sorrowful, and was The people will make but a sorry figure at legisla- just about to cry or, as Teresa expressed it, to ment, to draw a large share of public attion for some time yet to come, if we may judge set herself to weeping-but she could not dissem- tention. The spirit of profound piety and from their appearance when at their daily occupa. ble; and broke out in a broad laugh, while Teresa ardent religious feeling which pervade tions; and will the monarchical or the aristocrati- bade me 'addio' with a sweet smile.'

them, and their correct language and strong cal branch of the national tree cherish and protect The work appears to have been written expression, will be sufficient recommendathe infant shoot, for the express purpose of allow. hastily and carelessly; the style is unequal tion to devout readers; and we hope will ing it to rise high above and overshadow them and sometimes bad. There are passages of interest them in the design for which they selves ? This has not been the inclination usually shown by them in other countries, but it must be so true eloquence, and others where the at- are composed. here, or, for aught I can see, the Neapolitan peo-tempt is too obvious and the success not The main point, as we understand it, ple are likely to gain little by this revolution." very decided. The plates, although mere which our author would secure, is this:

We have hardly room for more extracts, outlines, are not only ornamental but use that in any given hymn the stanzas should but think it due to our author, to show how ful, and it would be well if the fashion of all be formed on the same model, and adapthe writes when upon less sombre subjects. appending such engravings to books of ed to the same tune; so that the modula

• As the old priest had now gone away, the little travels should become prevalent. We have tion of no line in the poetry should contragirl walked slowly towards me, looking by turns at found the want of an index of contents dict that of the music. This looks like a ibe cattle and the stranger, and knitting very se troublesome, and suggest to the author to very reasonable proposition; and some may dately. Is this the church of St Lorenzo, Jittle add one when his work comes to a second fancy it like soberly laying down the maxgirl

"Signor si, (yes sir,) will you go in and see edition,—which we think he has good right im, that if a man have six coats they ought it? Shall I go and call brother Luigi back?' 'No, to expect.

all to fit him. It is in fact a parallel propno, I have no time to spare-You have some fine oxen yonder.' Yes, sir, they are very good and

osition; and yet, self-evident as it may be, . take care of , and do eve

it never has been thought absurd to deny qything Then them, although I am a little girl. Regular Hymns, on a great variety of Evan- it in practice. Nay, so much are we gove There are only nine now; the other has gone away

gelical Subjects and Important Occasions, erned by custom, that we quietly bear to --the companion of that you see on the little bank. with Musical Directions for all the Va- hear fine verses 'matched to tunes, which I don't believe you ever saw better oxen, sir. Only rieties of Appropriate Expression. By they as ill fit as the armor of Goliath the observe what a good grey colour they have: that Samuel Willard, A. A. S. Minister of the youthful limbs of David. is the best colour for oxen.'--She wore a bonnet made of coarse braided straw, and carried another

First Church in Deerfield. Greenfield,

The system may be better understood by tied to her arm. She had a most amiable little Mass. 1824. 12mo. pp. 132.

our musical readers from one or two examface, and I thought might have been taken for a This work appears to have been designed ples of hymns. The 158th is adapted to New England child, even to the crooked, rusty for the purpose of recommending some im- the tune of Arundel; well known as having knitting-needles she had in her hands. The stocking, however, was of brown thread ; her knitting- portant principles, which have been too a pause in the middle of the third line, which sheath a hollow stick (perhaps elder), and when little regarded, and by attention to which always interrupts the sense of the verse, she spoke, it was only Italian. Is that your first the singing of psalms may be rendered and sometimes divides words asunder. The stocking Signor no-I have knit a whole pair more expressive and affecting. That this is following hymn, though of course it is putbefore this, for you will perceive I can knit almost all day, while the weather is so clear and warm, a most desirable object, must be acknowl- ting a strong case, will do more than a vol though I am sometimes interrupted when the oxen edged by every one having a taste for eith- ume of argument to show the absurd manstray, and very often by my little sister you see there, er poetry or music, who has had his soull ner in which tupes have been frequently



tied to unsuitable verses, and the advanta-| by the writers of songs, and therefore can to form their minds rightly, they should ges of the plan proposed. Let any one not be insuperable to the writers of hymns. have descriptions of such things as actually sing it and try; and after singing this, let The profane poet easily accommodates his exist, and not learned discussions, nor abhim apply the same tune to any hymn of measures to the music, even when most stract speculations, nor imperfect rudiments common metre he may select.

irregular and capricious. Witness Moore's of sciences, which cannot yet be learned.

songs for the Irish Melodies, in which he Whoever considers bow limited their "1 Far from the world we now retire, And raise our eyes to God,

has successfully attempted combinations of knowledge is, will easily believe that they Who in his love--Smiles from above,

metre before unknown. He would feel are incapable even of increasing by And cheers our dark abode.

himself disgraced by the plea, that it is many, if not most, of the lessons which

necessary to make some stanzas unsuited compose their books for reading. 2 Author of all the countless worlds,

to the music, in order to render the work The selection of topics in this work, is, The vault of heaven displays, Awed by thy power—Thee we adore,

easy to himself

. How much more irration- in general, judicious; the style has but few And chant our evening lays.

al the plea, in one who is writing for the faults, and those are inconsiderable. In

plain and regular melody of church tunes. such descriptions it is impossible to avoid 3 Under those eyes, which never close, Besides, that in regard to songs the license the use of many names and terms which We lay us down to sleep;

would be far more excusable, because they cannot be found in a dictionary. The auHearer of prayer—Make us thy care,

are to be sung by single voices; the per- thor generally explains them, but he has And safe our slumbers keep.

former therefore has the power of favour- given the scholar no means for determining 4 Soon as the sun with new-born rays,

ing the accent and the sentiment, and, by their proper pronunciation. This diminRelumes the eastern skies,

singing ad libitum, of rendering that con- ishes its value as a school book; but it will Source of all light-Beam on our sight, formable to the tune which the poet had still be highly interesting and instructive And bless our waking eyes."

not made so. This is a liberty which a sin- as a book for domestic reading, Let the same experiment be made with gle performer may take, and does take. There is a still more formidable objection the following, designed for the tune of But this cannot be done by a whole choir, to its use in schools. Conversations beBlendon. We are sure that the exact mu- performing a hymn impromptu. They must tween a teacher and a pupil are not suitatual adaptation of music to metre will be adhere rigidly to the notes as they are set, ble for study. Children very soon become felt to give a new beauty to the tune, and however they may thus injure the sense. It unwilling to read simple questions, or readded expression to the verse.

is impossible that they should make up for the marks that are made merely for the sake

want of adaptation, of which the poet has of obtaining replies. It is awkward for one “I Infinite God-thy glorious nameLet earth and heaven-with joy proclaim ;

been guilty. For which reason it is the scholar to read the whole, and if two are Angels and men-Join in the

more important that he should be guilty of engaged, they do not converse as equals, Chanting aloud the rapturous theme.

and are not satisfied. After the first peruWe think Mr Willard has done a great sal of the book, nearly all children will re2 Great is the Lord -- whose sovereign sway-good service in calling attention to this gard the questions as tedious ; and even at

The sun-and moon-and stars obey;
Strong is his hand ; Sure his command;

subject, and are glad of the opportunity first, most readers who are not absolutely Millions of worlds his power display.

to make known his labours, and, as far infantile, would prefer simple descriptions,

as we can, second his efforts. How far the in which the subjects were regularly an3 Wisdom belongs to him alone,

deep-rooted evil may be made to be felt nounced by sections and chapters. WritTo whom our every thought is known;

and removed, it is difficult to conjecture. ten discourse requires a kind of dignity Holy and just-He is our trust; Mercy forever gilds his throne."

But we are very sure that common psalmo- which is inconsistent with many things that

dy will continue to be infinitely below all are allowed in the freedom and familiarity These examples may prove that one other music in interest and effect, until the of conversation. No one wishes to read great cause of the ill adaptation of tunes, principles laid down in this little book are the common expressions of fondness, which is to be found in the careless mapper in anderstood and acted upon.

pass between a mother and her daughter, wbich the hymns have been constructed.

nor the full detail of their conversations on Mr Willard's hymns are composed for cer. tain tunes; but most poetry of this sort has Conversations on Common Things ; or Guide any subject. But in this work the author

seems to have taken great pains to give the been written without any regard to tunes.

to Knowledge ; with Questions. For the whole in its natural style. Still, we have Poets have forgotten that they were writ

use of Schools. By a Teacher. Boston,

no hesitation in saying, that the book is ing for music; and not only for music, but

1824. 12mo. pp. 263.

valuable in its present form; and we sinfor that of a very peculiar character. Now It is not easy to say of what this little cerely hope that the author will be encourit certainly is absurd, to keep out of view book treats, except by selecting subjects aged to give us another edition on a plan the express object for which the composi- from the Index. There we find nearly better adapted to the use of schools. tion is designed. That object ought, in all three hundred topics, more or less interestreason, to determine the character of the ing, upon which a mother and her daughter composition; the form of expression should converse in a very intelligent and intelli- Evening Entertainments, or Delineations of be accommodated to this, just as much as gible manner. We are gratified with find

the Manners and Customs of Various to the rhyme. Various licenses may be ing an American writer, who duly estimates

Nations. By J. B. Depping. Third given to him who writes what is to be read, the importance of giving to children such

Edition, Philadelphia, 1821. 12mo. pp. which cannot be claimed by him who writes knowledge as will be actually useful to

260. what shall be sung. When he writes for a them, instead of filling their minds with In our review of Worcester's Sketches, we tune, he subjects himself to further restric- vague, and therefore useless notions of sub- took occasion to recommend works of this tions, he agrees to conform to the paces of jects, which are not accommodated to their character, as highly deserving of more atits movements; he puts on, as it were, age. We do not mean to imply that this tention than they receive. We are gratianother chain, and if he cannot walk so point has been hitherto wholly neglected; fied with finding another before the public, gracefully in these additional fetters, let but that our school books are generally which, though less elaborate in its construchim cease to write for singers, and be con- very deficient in facts which children can tion, and less classical, is well adopted to tent to have only readers.

understand, and which are directly adapted its purpose. It embraces that part of the To all that we have heard alleged, or to tell them what they most need to know. information contained in the Sketches, which might be alleged, respecting the re- How much time is spent in teaching them which is peculiarly suited to children; but straints thus imposed, and the difficulties ' to read mechanically, political, moral, and there are few persons who would not and impossibilities thus created, there is this theological speculations, in poetry or prose, be entertained, and instructed by readsufficient reply; that they are submitted to which really give them no knowledge at all. ing it. The style is familiar and interest




ing, the descriptions are comprehensive


the learned had used before, but which and just, and the morality is amiable and

had wrought out so little for the benefit correct.

and improvement of man. It sounds strangeIt purports to be an English work; and

ly to our ears, that he was not justified in so it contains the following notice from the

calling it; for it appears to us not only withLondon Monthly Review.

In the last number of the North Ameri- out one single feature in common with that, • We are told by a Mr Depping, that he proposes can Review there is an article on De Ge- to which its name contrasts it, but as conto unfold all the advantages with which the teach- rando's History of Philosophy, which takes taining more original views with reference ing of Geography is capable of furnishing parents from that work the following, as the lan- to extended and elevated education, than and instructers of youth; and in pursuance of this guage of Aristotle.

all the previous writings on that subject put plan, he has written a series of conversations, in which an intelligent father is supposed to describe " It belongs to experience to furnish the princi- together.

It is not however a new idea that Aristo his children every thing remarkable which he ples of every science. Thus astronomy rests on has learned or observed in the course of his travels

. ihe observation of the heavenly bodies, by means totle had anticipated the Chancellor, in The dialogues therefore impart so much general of which we discover the laws that regulate their setting forth the method and the uses of knowledge and amusing information, that we think motions: and so of other branches. the author has not only established his proposition, light of perception fails us

, all science fails with Induction. We have seen this repeatedly

it. but has produced a very entertaining and valuable We derive our conclusions either from induc- stated before; but Mr Stewart, in his last book for children."

tion or demonstration. By induction we ascend volume on the Mind, has refuted it so fully, We fully concur in this commendation, and by these, in time, we are able to demonstrate the subject, that we are a little surprised

from particular perceptions to general principles, without saying half he might have said on and should think the work deserving of so that all our knowledge rests ultimately upon the to see it again,- and from such a quarter. more critical attention, were it an Ameri- same basis."

It is indeed inatter of surprise to us, whence can production, or one very recently pub- On which the reviewer makes these re- such an opinion could have arisen at first, lished in our own country. marks.

and how it can hold ground for a moment

“ It is curious to see how little the speculations with those, who know any thing about the Mental Improvement ; or the Beauties and of subsequent inquirers, up to the present dav, have writings of the two great masters before Wonders of Nature and Art. In a proceeded beyond the positions here taken. In the

Bacon's Induction forms the whole Series of Instructive Conversations.- extracts from Aristotle we find the Baconian theo. By Priscilla Wakefield. 8vo. Philadel- ry of induction, as clearly stated, as it could have body of his work. It is with him a science been by the illustrious Chancellor himself, and we

and a system. This single purpose is al. phia.

can hardly justify him in calling this method a new ways before him throughout;-and we Tuis is still another work, somewhat resem-one, Novum Organum, in opposition to the Organon, know no work among all the elementabling that above described. It has passed or method of Aristotle, which was the name given ry aids of education out of mathematics, through many editions in England and in this by the Stagyrite to his work on logic.”

and hardly excepting these, where the country; and we are justified in introduc- The article containing this, is in the leading object is pursued and taught so ing it to the attention of our readers, only main excellent,-very able and amusing, directly and exclusively, in such admiraby the fact that books of this sort are too and reputed to be-as it evidently is—from ble order, and with so great a variety of little read, and are really scarce, when the pen of one of our finest and most for- principles entirely new, and of thoughts compared with the worthless stories which tunate scholars. But the above remarks and designs entirely original,—to say nothhelp children to waste their time. A work of his may lead his readers into two or three ing now of the bold yet unassuming style of of this kind, if estimated by the number mistakes,—and, unless we greatly deceive its execution,-as this most important art of and variety of useful and interestiug facts ourselves, they contain one error in par- finding out infallibly the great general laws which it communicates, is worth many ticular, which is of no small consequence of nature is, in the Novum Organum of Bathousands of the common nursery books of to the History of Philosophy,—the noble con. But, in running over all the pages of equal cost. When we speak of it as interest- theme on which he is writing. For this Aristotle, we have fallen on only one chaping, we mean that most children above ten reason we wish to make a few coinments ter,—which may be comprised in a score of years of age, would receive pleasure enough upon them. If it can ever be our business lines like these,ếon the subject of Inducfrom reading it, to lay aside any story or to take notice of errors, it is when they tion, and the perusal of this is enough for us. romance, till this was completed. We cheat are found in so good company as they are He turns Induction into a syllogism of course; our children most barbarously, by multiply- here.

and his object here is to explain its form, ing before them nonsense, clothed in an en- We think it a great mistake to accuse and show how it differs from other sylloticing dress. There can be no excuse for Bacon of assuming too much in the title of gisins, and that it is much less conclusive this. We but little promote their present his work; for considered as a whole-and than these, though it may appear more plain intellectual pleasure, and add nothing to the word organum plainly implies and di- and familiar to us at first. We had this done their stock of such knowledge as will ulti-rects this--the most superficial observer into English for the satisfaction of our readmately be useful. It is altogether a matter must see at a glance its entirely new char- ers, but its technical phraseology would be of deception, except so far as regards the acter. If Aristotle bas indeed taught us unintelligible without too much explana. external appearance. Let children have the art of reasoning,—Bacon has taught us tion, and we must therefore keep it back. books of the character indicated by the an infinitely more useful art,—that of col- There is really not a single principle, nor above title, sufficiently well printed and lecting the materials for reasoning. If the even a trace of Bacon in it beyond its bound, and we shall hear no demand for former has put together a profound philoso- name. It is true he borrowed this, and so the idle tales, that are made to sell ” phy of language, and traced out its various he did many other of his terms, from the

We expressed in a previous number our applications, -as an instrument of thought School logic ;—but, as Mr Stewart has opinion of the writings of Mrs Wakefield. and study as well as of communication,—and shown, he gave them very different meanThe style of the work before us is not equal the etymology of its common title, logic, ings,—and he frequently declares and exto “ Instinct Displayed,” but it has no great may perhaps indicate this,-Bacon, on the plains this himself. Thus, for example, he faults; and in every other respect, the other hand, pointed to the philosophy of often used the word “ Forms”-subtle things work is excellent. The printing and pa- things—and made man “ the interpreter indeed in a Schoolman's mind,—for “ the per of this edition are disgraceful. We re- of nature,”—and taught him to analyze laws of nature," and what is more to our peat, that all works of this kind should be and digest into a code that great body purpose, he says expressly of Induction, executed in a handsome style; and that pa- of her laws, which, since his time, it has that “it must be presented and studied rents need then never believe that their been the business of the practical scholar under a new shape," and that “we have children will prefer the gossiping fooleries to administer and apply. He called his its name alone, but its power and use with which they are now so liberally sup- work a “ New Engine, in opposition to have as yet been totally unnoticed.” It is plied.

that intricate machine of words, which no smail confirmation of these remarks,

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that the learned enthusiast, Dr Gillies, who to the workshop of the artificer,—and tachment he may have for her, by taking has analyzed and translated the best part when we observe how essential an arti- from his brow one single well-deserved of Aristotle's works, and who seems dispos-cle the regulation of these makes in Ba- plume, and telling him it is borrowed. He ed to find in them the seeds of every great con's system, it is almost sufficient of itself, will certainly go to his work with less spirit modern discovery, has hinted at no such we should think, to give his the character when he is informed that the ancients, resemblance between his Organon and the of being quite original.

whose industry he can never hope to rival, Novum Organum of Bacon, though he frets If Aristotle had indeed “ as clearly stat- and whose systems have perished, yet knew and is very indignant at the Chancellor for ed the Theory of Induction” as is said, it their true basis as well as we do,—than not treating the Stagyrite with candour. would have been more fully developed long when he sees ours resting on one entirely

Nor is a single doubt raised in our minds before it was. His authority must have new, and which cannot in fact sink till the by the extract from De Gerando. We made it popular at once. He had more whole order of things is reversed and the have been unable to obtain his History, and sway in the republic of letters, if it could laws of nature themselves repealed ;-and know not what he himself thinks on this be called so under his reign, than his royal this is really the case with all those raised subject, nor whether he offers any more in pupil had in Macedon. Never, indeed, did on the plan of Bacon. Science will adsupport of his reviewer's remarks. He may mere man rise to the rank of making his vance just in proportion to the dignity it have taken some insulated passages from opinions so emphatically law, peremptory feels, and the security it enjoys. If the Aristotle, and mingled his own inferences and conclusive, as did the preceptor of comparison degrade it not, it is like properwith them, as we are very apt to do when we Alexander. If then he taught the right ty, which, under good and wholesome laws, represent the opinions of another, and thus method so clearly, why did not his follow- where the possession of it is rendered safe made him express ideas, that he never imag- ers adopt it? and why were not its effects and honorable, will be sure to go on and ined nor dreamed of himself. If the above on science visible? Why did not natural indefinitely increase. But how fatally othextract, however, is all, it is absolutely philosophy and the useful arts then spring erwise is it, where the case is reversed ? nothing; and, taking it for an exact trans- up and flourish ? and now, while they date This is the first principle in the wealth of lation, it casts not the slightest shade upon their birth comparatively a few years since, nations, and so it is too in that of science. our argument* It refers at best to that they might have run back their genealogy There is one other minor error in the “ simple enumeration” which Bacon calls for ages, and brought us down an inherit- reviewer's remarks, which we had almost “puerile and precarious,” or that “mere ance rich indeed. Happy would it have forgotten to notice. The title Organon was naked observation,” which he says is “ like been for man, if it had been so. The accu- not given, as he supposed it was, by the Staggroping by night.” That experience is the mulated capital of science would now have yrite himself, to the writings that bear that safest guide ;-that the scholar ought to been immense. Instead of groping about name, nor can we perhaps call it simply study nature ;-that all our general conclu in the dark on the stilts of syllogism for cen“ his work on logic.” It is written and resions arise from summing up particular in- turies, among essences and powers and forms corded in the books of the critics, that this stances, are very good old maxims to be and visionary, unfathomable things alto- is made up of several distinct, independent sure,-probably familiar and trite enough gether, producing of course no good fruits treatises,—that they never could have been long before the days of Aristotle,—but no- to be known by, but, on the contrary as Ba- the work of a single hand,—that there is body ever thought of finding in them the con says, only " the thorns and thistles of some evidence of their having come down scientific Induction of Bacon, nor the first wrangling and controversy” (disputationum to us from an antiquity far beyond the origin and cause of our stable systems of et contentionum carduos et spinas), it would days of Aristotle, and that if he were philosophy. Ancient philosophy was in- have been at work for man,-ameliorating really their author, he had probably no deed, for the most part, merely contempla- his condition and elevating his mind,- intention of ever uniting them. His editive. Aristotle knew nothing of the mod- furnishing him then with the most divine of tors did this, and they, and not their ern mode of interrogating nature by ex- all human employments, and leaving us now mighty master, gave them the imposing tiperiments. His rank and station, the feel- the full benefit of his example as well as of tle of Organon. The best edition of his ings of the age, and the elevation of his his labours. We may be assured the Stagy- works, however, has dropt it,- and they own mind, raised him above them, as rite never saw or never pointed out this tru- now appear again in their original form. the historian tells us, and confined them ly “royal road” to learning, or it would The fortunes and fate of this volume have

have appeared more distinctly either in his been most singular, even within the period * After the printer had this article, we found in writings or in its effects.

of true history, and indeed within the memSay's Introduction to his “ Political Economy” the We have dwelt the longer on this point ory of man. There is none, which has so following strictures upon those critics of a day, because another opinion has been given opposed to each other the opinions and who accuse Smith of Plagiarism in his great work on the “ Wealth of Nations."

by several very popular writers, and be- feelings of the learned. None has held Que signifient de telles pretentions ?-un cause we think it a question of some so high a rank among the books of educahomme de génie a des obligations à tout ce, qui l'a consequence in the history of philosophy. tion ;--none, once admitted, has sunk so entouré,-aux notions éparses qu'il a recueillies, We ought to know that we have found a low. There was a time when the human aux erreurs, qu'il a détruites, aux ennemis mémes,

new way, and are not not simply swifter mind was not thought rational in its proper qui l'ont attaqué, parce que tout contribue à former ges idées ;-mais lorsque ensuite il se rend propres

racers than our forefathers were in an old sense, till its rational powers had been ses conceptions, qu'elles sont vastes, qu'elles sont one,-that our sciences rest on a better drilled in the tactics of the schools. Now utiles à ses contemporains, à la posterité,-il faut foundation than theirs did, and not that we we every day give them the epithets of jarsavoir convenir de ce, qu'on lui doit, et non lui re- are a little more enterprising in clearing gon-subtilties,-imposing show of words, procher ce, qu' il doit aux autres." ***

" Wher.

and rearing on theirs ;-and that the “illus- -and scarcely allow them the meanest Smith is read," says the same author, as he ought trious Chancellor," who is rightly so called place in that great course of intellectual to be read, every body must see that political econ- in every sense, originally marked the discipline, which they formerly led and di omy did not exist before his publication."

If Smith stand so high as an original writer in ground, and sketched out slightly the mag- rected. And the wonder is, not in the the estimation of unquestionably the first judge now nificent proportions. This we thought change of sentiment itself; the light of disbefore the public on that subject, how far beyond the just pride of the moderns, and decided covery will always produce enough of this ; the possibility of the reproach we repel, ought the in their favour, on one important point at but no new discovery seemed necessary to same reflections to place Bacon? It is a hard case, if an author is to be stripped of his reputation, be- | least, the great question of superiority be- produce it in the instance before us. The cause a few in advance of him have dropped some tween them and the ancients. Nordo we look merits and defects of the Organon, such as loose, scattered hints upon a theme, which he has upon this coolly as a mere matter of histo- they are, are intrinsic,—and men of sense enlarged into a science, and made the engine of

were as capable of judging of them a thousthe ablest discoveries and the most useful practical ry. The pride of the modern scholar is a results. Under such conditions, we feel safe in sort of national pride. He is the citizen of a and years ago as they are to day. We saying, that we know of no one, who can put in a new republic, and it is wrong to check are not willing to confess that we know claim for the merit of originality.

the feelings of enthusiasm and patriotic at- enough of it, to pass any opinion on these


conflicting decisions ;-but we must say, preparing the way for the highest intellec- And there hangs, on the sassafras broken and that it is a hard doubt for us to solve, how tual pursuits and attainments. We intend

bent, that great and enlightened philosopher ed to offer some further remarks on this

One tress of the well known hair. should not only spend the best of his days, subject, but have neither room nor time But where is she who at this calm hour, and the keenest of his talents, in mak- now, and therefore must defer it.

Ever watched his coming to see, ing up a system of mere verbal subtilties We hope our readers will not accuse us She is not at the door, nor yet in the hower, and legerdemain, but should likewise be of waking the long slumber of the Organon

He calls--but he only bears on the flower

The hum of the laden bee. guilty of the petty, paltry artifice and chi- in order to show our knowledge of it. We cane, for the purpose of disguising, though do assure them, if they have not found it It is not a time for idle grief, he could not bope long to conceal it—which out already, that we know very little about

Nor a time for tears to flow,

The horror that freezes his limbs is briefhave been ascribed to him by some very pop- it. We recurred to it for the purpose of

He grasps his war axe and how, and a sheaf ular writers in our day, who are never- removing some doubts from our own minds ; Of darts made sharp for the foe. theless high in their admiration of his un- and our only wish now is to correct the false rivalled powers and wisdom. We allude par. impressions, which the extensive popularity

And he looks for the print of the ruffian's feet,

Where he bore the maiden away; ticularly to the opinions of Reid and Stew of the review,—and the favourite writer of

And he darts on the fatal path more feet art, who say that he uses algebraic charac- the article in question, might have fixed Than the blast that hurries the vapour and sleet ters in his syllogisms instead of real exam- upon the minds of many, of whom it may O'er the wild November day. ples, because these last must completely ex- be a compliment to say, that they had

'Twas early Summer when Maquon's bride pose his weakness and his inanity. Perhaps scarcely ever heard of the Organon be

Was stolen away from his door; a solution of some of the difficulties in the fore, and who have read Bacon's work prin- But at length the maples in crimson are dyed, History we are examining may be found in cipally in its prodigious effects on science And the grape is black on the cabin side, this, that the Organon is in fact a work of and the arts.

And she smiles at his hearth once more. real philosophic merit, but not at all fitted

But far in a pine grove, dark and cold, nor intended for the purposes to which it

Where the yellow leaf falls not, was applied. An ingenious admirer may


Nor the Autumn shines in scarlet

and gold, possibly find in it, as we have intimated be

There lies a hillock of fresh dark mould, fore, a profound inquiry into the structure

In the deepest gloom of the spot. of language, and its various departments, “I know where the timid fawn abides

And the Indian girls, that pass that way, and the powers that universal consent has In the depths of the shaded dell,

Point out the ravisher's grave; assigned to each, and the nice adjustment

Where the leaves are broad and the thicket hides, “And how soon to the bower she loved," they

With its many stems and its tangled sides, of them to all its uses,-in a word its whole

say, Froni the eye of the hunter well.

** Returned the maid that was borne away organization, which like the works of nature, the more it is examined, the more full “I know where the young May violet grows,

From Maquon the fond and brave."

B. In its lone and lowly nook, of admirable design it appears in its con

On the mossy bank, where the larch tree throws trivance;—the strongest proof perhaps of Its broad dark boughs, in solemn repose,

MIDNIGHT HYMN AT SEA. its divine origin, or at least that it is not a Far over the silent brook.

By thy dusky mantle streaming, thing of mere human art, but probably one " An that timid fawn starts not with fear

By the stars that there are gleaming, of the principles at first interwoven with

When I steal to her secret bower,

By thy lone and solemn sky, our constitution, and necessarily developed, And that young May violet to me is dear,

Darkening on the pensive eye, as our other faculties are, by its growth to And I visit the silent streamlet near,

By thy wild waves as they sweep maturity. All this we say may possibly be To look on the lovely flower.”

Constant through the gloomy deep,

Night! we hail thy solemn noon, found in the Organon of Aristotle,—we do Thus Maquon sings as he lightly walks

Sky without or cloud or moon! not profess to have found it ourselves,

To the hunting ground on the hills; and all this is very proper in its place, but

"Tis a song of his maid of the woods and rocks, Swiftly gliding o'er the ocean, it is by no means suited to take the lead, as With her bright black eyes and long black locks,

Rides the bark with rapid motion,
And voice like the music of rills.

Waves are foaming at the prow, it formerly did in education, nor to instruct

Trembling waters round her flow, men in those important branches of it, which He goes to the chase—but evil eyes

Midnight hears the lonely sound, are intimately connected with the business

Are at watch in the thicker shades;

Through her ocean caves profound;
and the duties of life. The art of reasoning
For she was lovely that smiled on his sighs,

Night! we hail thy solemn noon,
And he bore, from a hundred lovers, his prize,

Sky without or cloud or moon!
is much better taught by analyzing and The flower of the forest maids.
studying things than words, and the most
The boughs in the morning wind are stirred,

Sailor, on thy restless pillow, beautiful theory of these, without the for

Anii the woods their song renew,

Why so tranquil on the billow? mer, would be at best but an ingenions and

Sailor, when thy vessels roam,
With the early carol of many a bird,

Think'st thou not of native home?
interesting amusement. The learned have
And the quickened tune of the streamlet heard

But when midnight shuts the scene, seen this truth by degrees, and not by any

Where the hazels trickle with dew.

Hark! he sings with heart serenenew or sudden discovery. But Common

And Maquon has promised his dark-haired maid, Night! we hail thy solemn noon, Sense,, which is always slow and sure, and Ere eve shall redden the sky,

Sky without or cloud or moon! will find its way even into the halls of uni- A good red deer from the forest shade, versities at last, suggested it, and the trial That bounds with the herd through grove and

Weary wanderer, sadly roving

glade, of every day gave it additional proof.

Far from home and all that's loving,
At her cabin door shall lie.

Midnight lulls thy soul to peace,
This has reversed the whose course of things

Then thy griefs and sorrows cease; in the scholar's study, and turned Aristotle The hollow woods, in the setting sun,

Join us then in that wild strain, from the recitation room, and brought about

Ring shrill with the fire-viru's lay;

Sighing o'er the heaving main,
And Maquon's sylvan labours are done,

Night! we hail thy solemn noon, those practical changes in scientific spect

And his shafts are spent, but the spoil they won Sky without or cloud or moon!
lation, which Bacon was the first to teach He bears on his homeward way.
systematically and with effect.

He s'ops near his bower-his eye perceives
We really think that the Novum Orga.

Strange traces along the ground

O where are the visions of extacy bright num ought to be made an essential branch

At O ice, to the earth his buruen he beaves,

That can burst o'er the darkness, and banish the of education. It needs but to be stripped He breaks through the veil of boughs and leaves,

night? of a few quaint technical terms, illustrated And gains its door with a bound.

O where are the charms that the day can unfold

To the heart and the eye that their glories can a little, and freely translated into the lanBut the vines are torn on its walls that leant,

hold? guage of the present day, and it would

And alt from the young shrubs there Deep, deep in the silence of sorrow I mournmake an invaluable elementary treatise in By struggling hands have the leaves been rent, For no visions of beauty for me shall e'er burn!

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