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upon him.

Most truly yours,



pression, which, ever after, continued to re- ingenuity and much atttendance. I contrived to chaste ornament, and the bideaus distortions of Gur, he imagined that a voice spake to him give them a fire heat ; and have waded night after weakness for native strength. In my humble opinfrom heaven, announcing that God required night through the snow, with the bellows under my ion, the study of Cowper's prose may, on this ac

arm, just before going to bed, to give the latest pos-count, be as useful in forming the taste of young the sacrifice of his life. This unhappy sible puff to the embers, lest the frost should seize people as his poetry. phantasy was quickly followed by another them before morning. Very minute beginnings "That the letters will afford great delight to all he thought this voice pronounced upon his have sometimes important consequences. From persons of true taste, and that you will confer a disobedience the doom of everlasting death ; nursing two or three little evergreens, I became am- most acceptable present on the reading world by and this awful horror continued, with little bitious of a green-house, and accordingly built one; publishing them, will not admit of a doubt."

which, verse excepted, afforded me amusement for intermission, to fill his soul with darkness, a longer time than any expedient of all the many to

We will add to the above, that we think until the light of another world dawned which I have fled for refuge from the misery of hav, the man who will publish a regular series

ing nothing to do. When I left Olney for Weston, of all Cowper's letters, including those in We have spoken hitherto, with peculiar could no longer have a green-house of my own; the present work, and all those which were reference to the gloomy parts of this vol- but in a neighbour's garden 1 find a better, of which published by Hayley, will do good service

the sole management is consigned to ume; but there are many letters of a sportive cast, displaying much of the exquisite the subject with which I set

off be of some import

“I had need take care, when I begin a letter, that to all classes of readers. wit in which Cowper sometimes indulged ance ; for, before I can exhaust it, be it what it himself , and which could have been omitted may, I have generally filled my paper. But self is

MISCELLANY. by Hayley only because he thought any a subject inexhaustible, which is the reason that more of that kind were unnecessary for his worth your hearing, I have only room to add, that I

though I have said little, and nothing, I am afraid, purpose as a biographer, or from the unhap- am, my dear Madam,

UPON REVIEWING AND REVIEWS. py mistake of supposing them degrading to

The prevalence of reviewing is an exthe character of his deceased friend. Ser.

W. C. cellent good thing ; which proposition we eral of these have already been published

.“ P.S. Mss Unwin bids me present her best com- shall proceed to demonstrate in the most in the newspapers, and as with them our pliments, and say how much she shall be obliged to satisfactory and explicit manner. readers are doubtless familiar, we shall you for the receipt to make that most excellent

Firstly, it makes the fields of literature extract one which we believe has not been cake which came hither in its native pan. There bear a second crop, and the last is, nine

is no production of yours that will not be always times out of ten, as good as the first, not to so published. most welcome at Weston."

say better. In good old times, when a book The letters on political subjects will per: was read, there was an end of it; some

Oct. 11, 1788. My Dear Madam,

You are perfectly secure from all danger of haps surprise their American readers, "sed talked about it, a few quoted it, and a very being overwhelmed with presents from me. It is not non omnia possumus omnes;" we regret few indeed read it again. But now we have much that a poet can possibly have it in his power

to not that they are published, seeing that we changed, and our present fashion of managgive. When he has presented his own works, he are thus more fully informed of Cowper's ing with a book of considerable pretensions, may be supposed to have exhausted all means of sentiments ; but we do regret that he wrote is vastly improved. The beginning of the donation. They are his only superfluity. There was a time, but that time was before I commenced them. Living as he did, in retirement, it


is a notice let off somewhere or writer for the press, when I amused myself in a

was impossible for him to be fully informed other, by way of a signal racket, that such way somewhat similar to yours; allowing. I mean, of passing events; and the natural consefor the difference between masculine and female quence was many mistakes, some of which

a work is to be published by Messrs

and “we understand it is expected operations. The scissors and the needle are your he afterwards corrected op better informa- to be prodigiously so and so; thus much is chief implements: mine were the chisel and the saw. In those days you might have been in some danger tion, as he would doubtless have corrected certain, that Mr A has undertaken to, &c., of too plentiful a return for your favours. Tables, all, had he been shown bis error; for po and it is well known that Mr B is, &c." such as they were, and joint stools such as never man appears to have been more open to Next comes a review in the London Litewere, might have travelled to Perton-ball conviction, or more candid in confessing his rary Gazette, anticipating the publication most inconvenient abundance. But I have long faults. since discontinued this practice, and many oth

of the book by some three or four weeks, adopt

of the style, we could only repeat the extracting all the best of it by way of a might escape the worst of all evils, both in itself language which has been held by all per- fair sample, and thus exciting a vehement and in its consequences..-an idle life. Many arts sons of taste since the publication of Hay- curiosity to see the remainder. Then I have exercised with this view, for which nature ley's selection; that it is perfect; but we comes the book ! and with it the last pumnever designed me; though among them were are spared the task of dilating upon this ber of the Edinburgh Review (which, of

I at proficiency, by mere dint of the most heroic perseverance subject, fully concurring with the

opinion course, we read first), giving it a tremenThere is not a 'squire in all this country who can expressed by a friend of the Editor, and dous slap, whereby we are profited in three boast of having made better squirrel-houses, hutch which he has inserted in his preface. This ways ;--first, the elaborate vituperation of es for rabbits, or bird-cages, than myself; and in the opinion is at once so just and so elegantly the review, is a proof that the book is article of cabbage-nets, I had no superior. I even expressed, that we copy it entire. had the hardiness to take in hand the pencil, and

worth something, and thus the trouble of studied a whole year the art of drawing. Many It is quite unnecessary to say that I perused uncertainty is removed; next, the labour figures were the fruit of my labours, which had, at the letters with great admiration and delight. I of fault-finding is done at our hands, and least, the merit of being unparallelled by any pro- have always considered the letters of Mr Cowper thirdly, we enjoy some good, and much daction either of art or nature. But before the as the finest specimen of epistolary style in our bad wit, which, but for this provocation, year was ended, I had occasion to wonder at the language ; and these appear to me of a superior de would have

slumbered forever with Jeffrey's progress that may be made, in despite of natural description to the former, possessing as much beauty hiciency, by dint alone of practice; for 1 actually with more piety and pathos. To an air of inimita modesty, Gifford's candour, and decency, produced three landscapes, which a lady thought ble ease and carelessness, they unite a high degree the pertinacious veracity of Blackwood's, worthy to be framed and glazed. I then judged it of correctness, such as could result only from the and divers other matters and things that high time to exchange this occupation for another, clearest intellect, combined with the most finished are not. Then we read the book with infilest, by any subsequent productions of inferior mer- taste. I have scarcely found a single word which nite zest,-knowing before hand exactly it, I should forfeit the honor I had so fortunately ac- is capable of being exchanged for a better. quired. But gardening was, of all employments, “ Literary errors I can discern none. The selec- what to be struck with, as perfectly new that in which I succeeded

best ; though even in tion of words and the structure of the periods are and unheard of, -where to indicate, by a this I did not suddenly attain perfection. I began inimitable; they present as striking a contrast as slight elevation of the nasal apex, a gentle with lettuces and cauliflowers: from them I pro- can well be conceived, to the turgid verbosity which contempt, and where, if such be our good ceeded to cucumbers; next to melons. I then pur- passes at present for fine writing, and which bears a luck, to praise, with a hearty guffaw, a touch chased an orange-tree, to which, in due time, I ad- great resemblance to the degeneracy which marks or two of pure fun. Here we rest, for perded two or three myrtles. These served me day the style of Ammianus Marcellinus, as compared and night with employment during a whole severe to that of Cicero or of Livy. A perpetual effort haps three weeks,--and then enters the winter. To defend them from the frost, in a situa- and struggle is made to supply the place of vigour, Quarterly, in the full bloom of snarling tion that exposed them to its severity, cosi me much gairish and dazzling colours are substituted for majesty, to enlarge upon subjects more or


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less unconnected with the book, and finally and crowded countries, where the means of had their day. We beg our readers not to to tell us (we go on the supposition of an living bear to those who want to live, the charge us with an unnecessary parade of attack by the Edinburgh), that it has some proportion of a very few to a great many, learning, but we do assure them, that we shadow of merit, and really contains one that scholars exist as a class. Now and have actually seen some specimens of this or two things which a reader may like then, a stray genius may appear in a new kind, handed down from the last age. The without being thereby convicted of absolute country, and enjoy in perfection the review commonly began with saying what jacobinism and bloodthirstiness. By this “monstrari digito" which Horace coveted. the author intended to do, and then went time we are tolerably well satiated with But he will not be lost in a crowd, until on deliberately to tell what he did!! There the book and its offspring ; but just as we the pulpits overflow, and there are more exists such a dearth of literary novelties, are beginning to think of the possibility of doctors than diseases, and more lawyers that we really think of introducing into opening it once more, we get our own North than quarrels—not to say until no secluded our columns, occasionally, a review or two American, and find that some clever fellow corner holds out a promise to the youthful of this original sort, by way of a pleasing has whipt off all the cream, and concocted blacksmith, no unappropriated chimnies variety. it, with the addition of a little pleasant spi- offer their patronage to the aspiring sweep, To go to the second class, which are cing, into a most palatable trifle.

no gutters cheer, with their accumulated vastly more current in these days than the Truly, the extent of this process is won- mud, the hopes of the young scavinger. first, we shall begin by observing, that they derful; we had no idea of it ourselves, and But, as people do not take to writing for a are precisely those for which the reading do assure our readers, that we are as much livelihood, until there is nothing else to be public has most cause to be thankful. Now, instructed by writing this article, as they laid hold of, all easier trades being hope this may seem paradoxical; for which we will be by reading it. Every reflecting less ; so, when they do take to the literary are very sorry. Nothing but an extreme mind must be amazed at discovering the line, they begin with reviewing, inasmuch regard for honesty and exactness, induces perfection, to which the art of making the as that is the easiest end of it.

us to disclose the fact, that, of all the remost of a book, has at length arrived. The Thus, then, reviewing is a great good, by views in the world, those which prevent the various reviews and journals which char- reason of its introducing, with a gentle public from knowing any thing about a acterize the age, may be justly compared hand, tender neophytes into the art and book, are in fact the most useful kind. to the many viscera which constitute the mystery of selling words, and supplying Every one knows that the great misery digestive organs of that “ship of the de- work to those who will write, but are fit for under which the reading public groans, sert,” that exact type of a literary drudge, nothing better than periodical drudgery, and well may groan, is the crowd, the overthe camel, and enable him to work and To them it is evidently a great good; and flow, the absolute gush and torrent of new fatten upon the dried weeds of the desert to the blushing, fearful, halting candidate, books. It was as an antidote to this bane, Every thing upon which his maw closes, is who pants for fame, in a small way, and that reviewing was invented ;- ;-a contrisqueezed, bruised, broken, and utterly dis- nourishes the ambition of calling himself vance, exceedingly wanted to lessen this solved, until it is wholly changed into most " we,” and of discussing with the fair, whose pressure, by removing the necessity of nourishing aliment. So do reviewers, act- eyes and stockings “reflect the azure of reading such an infinitude of books as the ing as the stomach of the reading public, th' eternal arch," the merits of our last teeming press is perpetually bringing forth. vex and triturate their unhappy prey, un- number with a timid allusion to my last ar- This, then, is the principal use of reviews, til the lightest, driest chaff, is made to ticle,—this same fashion of reviewing is an and of course, those reviews are the best, yield excellent food.

inestimable resource. Who then will be at which best perform this use. Now, reviews Moreover, the vast advantage of univer- once so bold and so stupid, as to deny the of this second class scold a good book into sal reviewing, is apparent, in that it opens invaluable advantages of this custom, which obscurity ten times, where they puff a the honourable career of letters to many is clearly a certain proof, and a very effi- bad one into notice once; moreover, if who would, but for this, be compelled to cient means, of the amelioration of human we are prevented from reading a good book, dig, beg, or steal in some more ignoble character, and the progress of human hap- there is so much trouble certainly saved, way. The time was, when he who made a piness. For our own parts, we consider while, if we are seduced into opening a bad book, might better have made' none; the invention of printing as chiefly impor- poor book, there is some chance of our but now, every book will find some publish- tant, because it was a necessary antecedent finding out how poor it is, before we have er, every publisher some kind reviewer, and to the invention of reviewing, and think it worked through many pages. Thus, then, every reviewer some willing dupes. But if high time that Faustus should yield his lau- it is obvious that reviews intended to keep the would-be author is too humble or too rels to greater Jeffrey.

people in the dark, do most towards the prelazy to aim at a book, or cannot think out, But we must quit this delightful theme, vention of much reading ; and as it is well borrow, or“ convey," more than twenty pa- and proceed to the second general division known that this is the chief use and purpose ges' worth upon any subject,-in such case, of our subject,-reviews; which we intend of reviewing, the inference is unavoidable, let him take to reviewing. This is a thing to treat of in the most methodical and ex- that these reviews are the most valuable. which any body can do; the numbers must act manner, in order to show our skill and In fact, their usefulness was so apparent, be filled; " copy is wanted, our compositors experience. We shall begin by a classifi- that they became exceedingly numerous, are waiting ; Mr Editor, what shall we do?”cation of reviews into three kinds. insomuch that their power of doing good is “ I am sure I don't know, Mr Printer; I've Firstly, those reviews which actually tell, vastly abridged by a habit people have written till my fingers are so many cramps, or aim at telling the public what the true got into, of not believing one word in ten and my brain a sucked orange, and I can't character of the work reviewed may be ; that reviewers say; which is a very vile and won't write a word more.

My best Secondly, those which are the exact an- habit indeed, utterly reprehensible, and contributors lie abominably; I have really tipodes to the first class ;-their object be- worthy of all manner of rebuke, and, morenothing for you, Sir.” “But, dear Sir, do ing to prevent the public from finding out over, a sad, but striking proof, how apt pray give me something ; we shall be de- what the book may be; and

mankind are to lose sight of their own inlayed already, a whole week; there are on- Thirdly, those which have no connexion terest. ly thirteen pages wanting.” “Well, here's whatever with any book whatever.

It will doubtless be noticed, that reviews a thing of twenty, too dull to light a fire Of the first kind of reviews, it cannot be answer a twofold purpose. They may be with ; you may cut it down to suit.”—And thought necessary to speak much at length, used with the book,-like a rich sauce our author becomes an established review- as they have gone entirely out of fashion. with a delicious pudding; or they may suer, and if tolerably smart, will become, in Their uselessness,—especially to the re-persede the book, and answer instead of it, due time, a very great man.

viewer who gains no fame by simply telling to all intents and purposes. This alternaThe profession of letters is an exceeding. what a book is, since any body can do that, tive is left with the public, who are thus ly hard one, and never grows up until all -has caused them almost to disappear; enabled to make the most of a thing, or the other trades are overdone It is only in old I still, there was a time, when such things least of it, just as may be most agreeable.

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And see her age of glory past. “And cast thine eyes, chief, west and east, And tell me, dreamer, what thou seest.'

Aye, thou art for the grave; thy glances shine

Too brightly to shine long; another Spring, Shall deck her for men's eyes,--but not for thine,

Sealed in a sleep which knows no wakening.
The fields for thee have no medicinal leaf,

Nor the vexed ore a mineral of power,
And they who love thee, wait in anxious grief

Till the slow plague shall bring the fatal hour. Glide softly to thy rest then ; Death should come

Gently to one of gentle mould like thee, As light winds wandering through groves of bloom

Detach the delicate blossom from the tree. Close thy sweet eyes calmly, and without pain; And we will trust in God, to see thee, yet again.


Father, thou didst bestow on me
An ample portion of thy good;
I squandered that which came from thee,
Wandering far off, and lawlessly
Devouring worldly husks for food;
They will not nourish—and my eye
Is turned again towards my home;
Thy servants have a full supply
of bread from thee, and I will try
To seek thee, father ;-10! I come!
Though thou assign a servant's place
To me--the meanest round thy door-
Though humbled, toiling in disgrace,
Let me again behold thy face
And eat thy bread, -I ask no more.

N. B.

But we must hasten to the third class, which is by far the most numerous of all; so much so indeed, that periodicals composed principally of articles which have no reference whatever to any work, are called Reviews by way of eminence; as the Edinburgh, the Quarterly, &c. The advantages of this way of writing are nu erous and deserving of much notice, but we have not room to speak of them very much in detail. One is, the great saving of time and labour which they occasion, by wholly relieving the writer from the trouble of finding a title for his essay; which, judging from the preposterous names they often bore before this invention, must be sometimes-no small job.

Then, as there is no pretence of any connexion between the title and the subject of the article, the writer is nowise obliged to pay any regard to unity of design, but may jump, hop, or crawl, from one topic to another, just as he finds convenient,—which is an unspeakable comfort to gentlemen of letters, who write per page, with an occasional recollection of the terms on which the proprietors have agreed to make them a present. Thirdly, it is an important advantage to writers of this sort, because it sometimes occurs, that when one has prepared his “ review," he finds another, with the title he had selected, already gone to the compositors with the editor's imprimatur thereon. Now, if he really had written with any reference to the book, think how melancholy is his condition;

but if he has wisely secured to himself all the advantage of generality, he has nothing to do but copy the title page of some other

book, and the whole difficulty disappears. Nor are these advantages all on the side of the writer. One, which the reader derives from this fashion, is the infinite variety of the matter which is elaborated for his entertainment. Take ap Edinburgh Review for instance. It contains, say, twenty articles, headed with the names of twenty books; now, if these articles talked only about these books, how sadly limited would the range of observation be; but as the reviewers are far too kaowing to be thus trammelled, the most desultory reader may expatiate to his entire satisfaction amid a boundless variety of topic and remark. We really hoped to make this instructive article complete, by exhausting at once its all but inexhaustible subject-but find we have used up all our room, and must therefore bid our gentle readers adieu, till another time.

And Dion saw, and lo! the land,
The land of Greece was free no more ;
But o'er it ruled a turbaned band,
Whose scimitars were red with gore.
And there a Spartan boy, who waits
A bondman at the conqueror's gates.
He saw her sons the proselytes
Of a pure creed-a faith divine ;
None pay the “Unknown God" high rites,
His temple holds a holier shrine.
'Tis changed; alas, at evening there
A Muezzim chants the Moslem prayer.
He saw a wretched peasant stand
Chained to his implements of toil ;
And there are fetters on his hand,
And there are tears, but ne'er a smile.
And oft is upward cast his eye
In prayer to God, that he may die.
He saw a girl with golden locks
And polished brow and azure eye ;
Why roves she o'er the lonely rocks?
Why all the day long weep and sigh?
Alas, her loveliness has caught
A haram's lord, and she is bought.
And o'er the Morea, far and wide,
The ruthless sons of Islam stand
With every weapon, hell has tried
To work the downfall of a land.
And Dion thus in sorrow slept,
Then left his couch and sat and wept.
Again he sunk to sleep :-again
He dreamed. Upon that mount of Thrace,
Which rises, as 'tis said of men,
Ten thousand feet above its base,
He stood, and from the height surveyed
The changes passing centuries made.
Is that lost Greece he sees below?
Where is the glittering minaret?
And where is he, the turbaned foe?
The Othman surely rules her yet?
No, rest thee, chief, the Moslem thrones
Cumber no land that Europe owns.
He sees, upon a sunny slope
All festooned over with the vine,
A merry, laughing, peasant group,
Around a vase of Chian wine.
And much they talk of days gone past,
Ere Despotism breathed his last.
He sees a labouring man at work;
His children, babes with yellow hair,
Play by, and, fearless of the Turk,
Pursue a young bird fluttering there,
And he, that sire, with soft embrace
of those dear babes, joins in the chace.
And, emblem of the peace that reigns
Throughout the clime, he sees a maid
Of angel form forsake the plains,
And wander to the mountain's shade;
All lonely, with her father's flocks;-
For there's no Turk among these rocks.
What cloud is that, which, girt with wings,
Comes sweeping where proud Corinth smiles ?
No shadowy cloud; that vessel brings
The dove from far Atlantic isles
Lo! o'er her, with the dark blue blent,
There waves a starry firmament.
The warrior wakes; there is no cloud
Upon his heart; the morning sun
Shines through his tent, and fierce and loud
Come shouts, as when the battle's won.
And little taught by yester night,
The Satrap armas again for fight.


There was an hour of sorrow deep,
When I had hushed my harp to rest,
And bade its murmuring chords to sleep
In dark oblivion's cypress dreg.
In cold neglect awhile it hung,
Untouched, unheeded, and unstrung,
Without a hand to bid arise
Its long forgotten symphonies;
Or if the passing breeze should sigb

In sadness o'er the fitful wire,
One faint low dirge, the sole reply,

Bespoke how weak and faint its fire. For all its master's courage fled, The lyre itself was cold and dead, And that dark hour of sorrow gave To each the semblance of the grave; Till the dark moss and ivy spread Their twining wreathes of gloomy hue, And summer's rain and evening's dew Their chilling showers upon them shed, As if the failing chords to sever And bush their trembling tones forever. Silent they lay! the wintry blast On its career of wildness past; But not the storm that raged above, Nor the loud waves that rolled below, Could those neglected numbers move, Or wake one note of joy or wo; Save when the midnight gale would sweep Its ruthless murmur d'er their sleep, There came a sudden sob, that fell As soon as rose its dreary swell. Nor yet when spring her foliage wreathed

And poured her joyous treasures,
Could the sweet incense, round that breathed,

Awake the harp's fond measures,
Or teach one rising thrill to say
It had not withered to decay.
There came another lonely hour,
As summer ripened spring's fair blossom,
That seemed to ask some soothing power,
To cheer the darkness of my bosom;
On my neglected harp I thought,
And dreams of former rapture rose;
Deep in the gloomy shades, I sought
To bring its chords from chill repose ;


DION'S DREAM. He lay upon his couch by night, Locked fast in sleep; for he had been Engaged the livelong day in fight With warrior-bands of foreign men : When, on the nioon's declining beam, There came the Spirit of a dream. It breathed upon his face the spell, Which shows the future and the past, And bade him note fair Hellas well,




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But when my hand its silence broke,

An Enumeration and an Account of the Hon. J. Q Adams, No fond return of music woke,

Materials, which exist for the History of Rev. J. T. Kirkland, The tangled wires refused to pour

the Native Tribes of America, before the Mr Edward Everett, Committee of Their diapason high,

Discovery of the Continent by Columbus. Mr John Farrar, Publications. Subdued and lost forever more Their life and liberty: By order of the Academy,

Hon. N. Bowditch, A rude, uncertain burst of sound


Hon. John Pickering, )
Seemed all I could awaken,

Corresponding Secretary.
So deep a spell of silence bound
Cambridge, June 1, 1824.

Mr Joseph Backus, Keeper of the Library.
The harp that was forsaken;
I strung the chords anew, but still

We understand that the President of the It was the same unsteady thrill;


Academy, the Hon. John Quincy ADAMS, Like the wild gust that sweeps the hill

We understand that two or three appli- was, at the meeting November 11, 1823, reAnd shrieks upon the vale ; When the fierce storm is loud and high;

cations were made to the American Acad- quested to pronounce a discourse before the And wakes to strangest minstrelsy

emy, at the late meeting, by claimants of Academy, at a public meeting the ensuing Its desolating revelry,

this important premium. The consideration summer. We are informed that Mr Adams The Spirit of the gale. E-N.

of their respective pretensions was refer- has intimated his readiness to comply with red, as we are informed, to a Committee, the request of the Academy, and expressed

consisting of Dr Jackson, Dr. Bigelow, and his wish, should the want of leisure from INTELLIGENCE.

Mr Treadwell. We trust that the great indipensable duties prevent his doing it in value of this premium, now amounting to the progress of the present season,--that

nearly one thousand dollars, will, together the fulfilment of the purpose of the AcadeAMERICAN ACADEMY OF ARTS AND

with the honor it would confer, prove a my may be postponed to the following year.

powerful stimulus to the philosophical and
Prize Question.
mechanical genius of the country.

FRENCH OPINION OF AMERICAN AUTHORS. By a resolution passed at a Statute meet

Within a few years, America has produing of the American Academy of Arts and The following gentlemen have been elected to ced several distinguished authors. WashSciences, November 11, 1823, the Academy the American Academy during the past ington Irving was the first to start in the determined to offer to the author of the year.

career of romance, and he has been followbest Essay, on some subject to be proposed,

January 29, 1823.

ed by several of his countrymen. Mr a premium of one hundred dollars in value, Dr John White Webster, Rev. Samuel Cooper in “ The Spy,” and in The Pioor the Academy's gold medal. At the same Farmer Jarvis, Dr John Ware, and Dr neers," has signalized himself as the pupil meeting, a committee was appointed, con- Enoch Hale, of Boston, Hon. H. A. S. of a great master, Sir Walter Scott; but he sisting of Rev. President Kirkland, Dr Ja- Dearborn, of Roxbury, Rev. Dr Allen, Pre- reminds us too often, in his best scenes, that cob Bigelow, and Mr Edward Everett

, to sident of Bowdoin College, and Mr D. he is only an imitator. Still, we must conreport to the Academy a mode of carrying Stansbury, of Belle Ville, New Jersey. gratulate America upon these achievements the aforesaid resolution into effect, to make

in the regions of imagination. Although public the regulations for the reception of

May 27, 1823.

not rich in ancient tradition, she presents prize Essays, and the adjudication of the

Mr Samuel Parkes, of London, Rev. to her historians, subjects full of interest, prize, and to propose a subject for the

John Brazer, of Salem, Mr Joseph E. Wor the energetic character of a people which

present year. The Report of this Committee cester, of Cambridge, and Willard Phillips has founded its own liberty, industry, and was heard and accepted by the Academy, Esq. of Boston.

commerce, the animated and glorious at a Statute Meeting held May the 25th.

November 11, 1823.

scenes of a recent war, undertaken in a In order to give effect to these doings of William Jackson Hooker, Professor of noble cause the struggles of the savage the Academy, public notice is hereby giv- Botany in the University of Glasgow, Hon. aborigines with the civilization which en, that a premium of One Hundred Dol- Judge Howe, of Northampton, Caleb Cush- threatened to overwhelm them; and the lars, or the Academy's Gold Medal shall ing Esq., of Newburyport, Mr Edward mixture of the English and American manbe awarded to the author of the best Es- Channing, Professor of Rhetoric and Ora- ners and customs. say, ypon the subject hereafter to be tory in the University of Cambridge, Mr named. Thomas Nuttall, Curator of the Botanic.

AMERICAN GEOGRAPHY. All Essays which may be offered for this garden, Cambridge, Hon. Lemuel Shaw, A new and complete Geography of the prize, must be sent to the Corresponding and Mr Daniel Treadwell, of Boston. United States of America, has been pubSecretary of the Academy, on or before

February 18, 1824.

lished in the German language, at Weimar, the 1st of March, 1825, accompanied with

Alexander H. Everett, Chargé d'Affaires It forms the seventeenth volume of a gen

by G. Hassel, containing 1200 8vo pages. sealed letters, containing the names of the authors; and the letters accompanying un- at the Court of the Netherlands, Dr Robert

eral system of géography. A French resuccessful Essays shall be destroyed unoHare, Professor in the University of Penn

viewer describes it as the most complete pened.

sylvania, Hon. Adam Seybert, of PhiladelImmediately on the receipt of an Essay, phia, Hon. Leverett Saltonstall, of Salem, account of the United States yet published.

A circumstance, however, which seems to it shall be transmitted by the Correspond George Blake Esq., J. T. Austin Esq., James

give him serious concern, is the number of ing Secretary to the Committee of Public Savage Esq., of Boston.

towns to which the Americans assign the cations of the Academy, who shall award

May 25, 1824.

same name. He apprehends much inconthe premium or medal to the best Essay; Hon. Samuel Putnam, of Salem, Hon. venience from this cause.

“We find," says but if no Essay shall be offered, which in Levi Lincoln, of Worcester, Samuel Hoare be, “six towns named Fairfield, ten La the judgment of the Committee is worthy | jr Esq., of Concord.

Fayette without reckoning two called Fayof the prize, then the prize shall not be assigned for that year.

Officers of the American Academy of Arts etteville, six Frankfort, eight Lancaster, Every successful Essay shall remain at

and Sciences, elected 25th of May last.

nineteen Monroe, forty-two Franklin, and

fifty-five Washington. What confusion will the disposition of the Academy, to be pub- Hon. John Quincy Adams, President. one day arise when these places have all lished in the Academy's Memoirs, at the Rev. J. T. Kirkland, Vice President. acquired some importance, and the postdiscretion of the Committee for publica- Edward Everett, Corresponding Secretary office transmits letters to them in considertions.

John Farrar, Recording Secretary. able numbers! It will be well for corresThe following subject has been assigned Hon. Thomas L. Winthrop, Treasurer. pondents to mark on their letters both by the Academy, for the present year: Dr Jacob Bigelow, Vice Treasurer. state and county ; it is impossible but that

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fifty-five Washingtons should cause some the general habit of consuming it. It is Who ever goes to an American play, or vexation to geographers, and excite some easy to conjecture how advantageously it who ever reads an American novel ?** What little ill temper among postmasters against would have operated, when, even now, we does the world yet owe to American physithe great man who has given a name to so derive so much benefit from the fasts of cians and surgeons?' The expression was many cities and villages.”

the Catholic Church as the ground of a a harsh one, savouring too much of nabranch of commerce."

tionality, and might certainly have been ATLANTIC MAGAZINE.

spared; but having been used, it cannot be The first number of a new periodical

denied to have some real foundation. We work, with this title, has just appeared from Another skeleton of the great Mastodon cannot, at this moment, call to mind any the press of Bliss and White of New York of Cuvier, the American mammoth, has one leading principle in pathology or phyIt is to be published monthly, and to be de- been discovered at Poplar, in Monmouth siology, any one acknowledged improvevoted to American literature and science. county, N. J. and brought to New York by

ment in surgery, or any one remedy of Drs Van Rensselaer, Kay, and Cooper of general efficacy; proposed by an American MERRY WIVES OF WINDSOR. that city. This skeleton is nearly or quite

practitioner.” Shakspeare's Merry Wives of Windsor entire. It was found upon the farm of Mr has lately been transformed into a comic Croxson, an intelligent citizen of Poplar, opera and performed as such at Drury Lane. bedded in a swamp, some of the bones be- M. de Montgery has applied purified biAll the songs, duets, &c. are professedly ing buried ten feet beneath the surface. tumen to the purposes of steam engines. taken from Shakspeare himself, by which The bones will soon be put together and This substance, after having been used in the author seems to have intended to con- deposited in the Lyceum of Natural History. the form of vapour, serves again as a comvey the meaning, that there is no one word The skeleton appears to be but little inferi- bustible. The fireplace, the pipe and mein any of these songs which is not also in or in size to that in Peale’s museum at Pbi-chanism, are contained within the boiler, some of Shakspeare's works. They are ladelphia.

which is itself inclosed in a double case. literally nothing more than a long string

The vapour may therefore be raised to a of shreds and patches,-first a line from


very high degree of tension, without danone play, and two from another, then a few

The most important feature in Mr Dyar's ger; and this advantage, joined to several from one of the sonnets, and, lastly, perhaps improvement, consists in the application of others, renders the bulk of this new mato make up the camber, another odd line the spiral teeth to the wheel work of clocks, chine, from forty to fifty times smaller than from Venus and Adonis! This, with

some and in this the pinion is reduced to a single that of the present steam-engines of equal exception, is the character of them all. tooth. By this happy idea, he has great

power. No harlequin's jacket ever exhibited so motly a composition, and they are withal ly reduced the wheel work necessary to a chock, and the friction is diminished in

THE COMPONIUM. so badly stitched together, that, whether

a still greater degree; as all who are ac- Under this name a new and wonderful said or sung, they convey, not the slightest quainted with the spiral gearing are aware, musical instrument has been exhibited at meaning of any sort or kind. In its pres- that the point of contact, between two Paris. It is formed upon the same general ent state, this piece is an insult to Shaks- wheels with spiral teeth, always coincides plan as the common barrel organ, but is peare, an insult to common sense, and an with the line of centres. In addition to more particularly distinguished from it by annoyance to every man who knows how to estimate á sterling comedy.

this improvement he has contrived a very the circumstance that it not only plays the ingenious method of suspending the pendu- tunes marked upon it with precision, but lum, by which he expects to realize the ad- that it also improvises, and has hence been

vantages which have been anticipated called the Musical Improvisator. A theme Six hundred and eighty presses are ac- from its vibration in a cycloidal arch. This is written upon the barrel; the instrument tively employed at Paris, and from three to part of the invention is not yet, however, plays it over, to render it familiar to the four thousand printers. It is estimated that perfectly complete.

auditor; and afterwards, left to itself, and of every bundred works published, sixty

without any external impulse, executes an eight relate to the belles-lettres, history, or

COMET OF 1823.

infinity of variations on the same theme ! politics; twenty to the sciences and the arts; and twelve to theology and jurispru

The elements of this comet as computed However complicated the variations, they dence. The average price of a thousand by Mr Warten Colburn of Waltham, Mas- are always in strict accordance with the

rules of composition. copies of a printed sheet, paper included, is

sachusetts, are as follows. sixty-two francs. The annual consumption Perihelion distance (the sun's mean distance from the earth being 1) 0.2490054

ROMAN CEMENT. of paper is 356,000 reams.

Logarithm of Perihelion distance 9.3962088
i'ime of passing of Perihelion, mean time at Bos- M. Berthier, the component parts of Roman

According to an analysis lately made by

ton, 1823, Dec. 8d. 14h. 06 52". In speaking, in an English journal, of the Inclination of the orbit to the ecliptic 75°0649" Cement, are herring fishery of Great Britain, Dr Mac Longitude of the ascending node 302: 37' 41"

Carbonate of lime

.657 Culloch remarks, “ that it has been a singu- Place of the Perihelion (on the orbit) 271° 39' 11"

magnesia 2005 Motion retrograde. larly unfortunate circumstance, that those


.070 who framed the model of our reformed These elements agree very nearly with

manganese ..019 church did not retain at least the weekly I those determined by Dr Brinkley at Dub

Clay silica .

.180 fast. It is a misfortune that they had not been lin, much more nearly than could have been


.066 persons of more general views and econ- expected considering the different means of Water

.013 omists. Much was retained that was mat

observation possessed by the two observers. ter of indifference on the great points at It is considered as a new comet.

1.000 issue, for the sole purpose of drawing a

M. Berthier is of opinion, that with one line short of the extremity of reform. Had

part of common clay and two parts and a this also been retained, a point in itself in- A late number of the London Medical half of chalk, a very good hydraulic lime different, the beneficial consequences would and Physical Journal, in a review of an may be made, which will set as speedily as have been very great, as it would not only American medical work, has the following this cement. He concludes from many exhave operated by its direct effects, but have passage. “Our transatlantic brethren have periments, that a limestone containing six tended to diffuse the general commerce of taken mortal offence at an expression which per cent. of clay affords a mortar perceptifish in the interior of our own country, and I once fell from the Edinburgh reviewers, bly hydraulic. Lime containing 15 to 20


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