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Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. No. 1 Cornhill, Boston. ---- Terms, $5 per annum, payable in July.
Vol. I.
BOSTON, MAY 16, 1824.

No. 3.



guage is spoken; and has passed rapidly could comprehend, not previously acquaint

through a large number of reprints. ed with the thing to be taught. After this The Greek Reader, by Frederic Jacobs,

Mr Jacobs' work is one among many hieroglyphical doctrine had been commitProfessor of the Gymnasium at Gotha, instances which might be quoted in Ger- ted to memory, the Greek Testament and a and Editor of the Anthologia. From the many, in which the very first rate qualities Græco-Latin lexicon were put into the seventh German edition, adapted to the and attainments of scholarship have been learner's hands. Here the familiarity of translation of Buttmann's Greek Gram- employed in the preparation of works of the learner with his English Gospels came Boston, 1824. 8vo. pp.

elementary instruction in the learned lan- in to help him over difficulties otherwise We rejoice-almost with exultation at the guages. His labours on Euripides, the An- insuperable, and something at length was publication of this work; it is a proof of an thologia, and various other works of Gre- understood. Had the first book attempted existing demand for intellectual aliment, cian literature, sufficiently establish his to be read, been as difficult as the New which will not suffer the scholarship and tal- claim to the reputation of one of the first Testament would be to any one not brought ent of our country to lie idle,-and also of scholars of the day; and yet, like many of up in a christian land, the whole stress of a disposition in those who are most com- his most respectable colleagues, he has learning would still have borne upon the petent to the task, to bring within the employed no small portion of his time in memory, and the understanding would have reach of their countrymen, all the means of preparing works, which are designed to found no opportunity to afford its assistance. literary culture which other nations enjoy. help the learner through the rudiments of It so happened, however, that the first book

There are persons so very foolish as to the language. This circumstance gives a read was one, of which the learner could deny or undervalue the usefulness of study- superior character to his work. Though find out the meaning, because it was, in the ing the classics. It is a fact, and a melan- designed for a humble province, it bears main, already known to him; and hence choly fact, that some sensible people seem the impress of high scholarship, of good the real instrument by which the knowl. to be ignorant that the Greek language- taste, and even of deep philosophy, employ- edge of Greek was formerly imparted to to speak of that only—is a far better sys- ed in one of the noblest exercises of phi- the schoolboy, was the English Testament. tem of means to express thought than any losophy; in shortening and smoothing the This was his key to the original Greek and now in use; that the acquisition of an un- path, on which the young and inexperi- to a considerable part of the Latin definiknown language by study, is a most valua- enced have just started toward the distant tions of the lexicon. ble exercise of the mind, subjecting it to regions of learning.

The first step in an improved method the indluence of wholesome discipline, and The great object and end of Jacobs, in was that of a grammar in the vernacular improving vastly the faculties of memory, preparing this work, was to make the learn- tongue of the language to be learned. As comparison, and invention; and that while ing of the Greek as easy as possible; that vernacular literature grew up in the varithe wisdom and poetry of those ages when is, to remove all unnecessary difficulties. ous nations of modern Europe, as books there was a power and beauty in the hu- To acquire the vocabulary of a very copious of general science and learning ceased to man intellect which it has not now, are in language; to be possessed of the changes, be composed in the Latin language alone, the languages that were their original and which that language experienced in a and were written in English, French, Italfitting garment, like a soul within its body, period of more than two thousand years, ian and German, the use of the Latin as they cannot find in any of the tongues of during all which time it was a living the vehicle of instruction became more modern days an adequate exponent. There tongue ; to learn the peculiarities of its many cumbrous, and in some countries sooner and are some who hold this heresy, but they different authors, styles, and dialects, is of in some later lectures were given, gramcannot be many; and while we trust that course no very short nor easy task. Much mars compiled, and examinations conducted a disposition to measure the value of every time and much labour must be bestowed on in the vernacular language. Though Gerthing by its absolute utility, will become this object, or it cannot be attained. Still, many is, in many respects, an exceedingly universal, for this very reason, we are con- however, the processes to be followed, may scholastic country, vernacular lectures befident, that our reading community, will be well or ill devised; the assistance ample gan to be given in the universities there duly appreciate the good of having such a or deficient; the steps successively taken more than one hundred years ago. In the man as Professor Everett, employed in help- aptly and naturally suggested, each by the Dutch universities they are still given in ing our schoolboys to acquire the rudi- preceding, or the reverse. These objects Latin; even in the department of national ments of literature, a learning and ability are almost all neglected in the earlier literature. which could find few things too lofty for plans of instruction; and severe compulsory But though grammars of the ancient lanits ambition or too difficult for its achieve- labour was the only engine, which the clas- guages have, for a long time, been drawn ment.

sical instructer, half a century ago, was up in the vernacular tongue, the practice This edition of Jacobs' Greek Reader is wont to apply to the tender mind. The of preparing editions of the first authors to an adaptation to our schools of a work of “ sage called Discipline” was called so, by be read, and of school lexicons, in the same very great celebrity in Germany. Mr misnomer. Violence was his real name, tongues, has not even yet been universally Jacobs, its original compiler, is well known and an unseemly bundle of birchen rods adopted. And yet scarce any thing seems as one of the most profound and elegant of was his ignominious instrument of com- plainer than that the true method of teachthe German Hellenists; and in his station mand. He appeared to take delight in ing demands both. On this point, Profesat the head of the High School at Gotha, he imposing hard tasks, that he mich magnify sor Everett makes the following very just has been able to add, to the erudition of the the efficacy of his system, in causing them remarks in the preface to this work. critic, practical knowledge of the learners to be performed. In teaching the Greek needs. His work prepared with such qual language particularly, he put into the

"A chief object of the editor in preparing this ifications, has accordingly been introduced learner's hand a most meagre and arid work has been to furnish an elementary book to into nearly all the learned schools, in the sketch of grammar, written in barbarous through the medium of the English. No learner at

our schools, in which the Greek may be learned extensive regions where the German lan-Latin, expressed in a form, which no man school or elsewhere can be as well acquainted with




the Latin as with his mother tongue. The prac- English running before him, it is almost Pour et Contre," &c. 3 vols. 12mo. Phitice of learning Greek, through the medium of impossible that he should thoroughly study ladelphia. 1824. Latin, has descended to us from the time, when the Greek. He seems to himself and to the Latin was a common language among scholars

, when lectures at the universities were exclu- his instructer to possess a greater knowl. We infer from certain passages in Mr Masively given in that tongue, and commentaries on edge of the language than he really does ; turin's life, which are known to the public, authors and lexicons published in no other. For and what he learns to recite in this cur- that he writes “ex necessitate rei;" he schools, however, there is no one circumstance to sory way, he learns in a slovenly, inexact can't help himself; inasmuch as he wants recommend the continuance of this practice, not

It is another objection to the bread, and has nothing to barter away for even that of becoming more familiar with Latin. Greek Testament, that it does not contain it, but words. We do not mean to charge The Latin of grammars, commentaries, and lexicons, is not that which the learner ought to acquire; the languages of the profane classical writ- his words with an absolute divorcement of and while the Latin language should be studied in ers. It was once thought disrespectful to thought; far from it ;-he has thoughts in the pure sources of the ancient writers, the learner the Scriptures to assert this; and it was the most satisfactory abundance, and furof Greek ought not to be embarrassed by having supposed to contain an imputation on the ther, his fancies are of a nature so singuhis attention devoted to any thing else ; or his per- authors of the sacred books. It is, how- lar, that they who are in search of intellecceptions rendered difficult or indistinct by the for. eign medium through which they are made, and ever, in the first place, a fact; and no fact, tual wares of this description, may be aswith which he must of course be less familiar than told modestly in proper time and place, sured, that they cannot be supplied with with his native language."

can be construed into disrespect. But, in them so good and cheap any where else.

the next place, we see no disparagement, Not only are his maidens fairer and softer, The “Greek Reader” fulfils the condi- in saying that Plato wrote one form of and his lovers taller and stronger, and his tions of an elementary book, more than any Greek and St Paul another; or if there be clouds, skies, trees, vales, houses, and horsother with which we are acquainted for

disparagement, it is of Plato, not of St Paul. es more exquisite than any others in the that language. The collection of senten. There is no more disrespect in saying that market, but his horrors are more horrible, ces, arranged under the head of the rules the writers of the New Testament did not his storms bring fiercer desolation, his batof the grammar, enables the pupil to begin write the language of Demosthenes, than tles are more wonderful, as, generally immediately to exercise himself in putting that they did not write the language of speaking, every body is killed for the time, to practice the principles and rules, which Moses. They wrote the language of their and afterwards comes to; his yells are the he has learned in the grammar. To these grammatical exercises, succeed the selec- country and age. But we

do not mean bowlings of tormented fiends, his darkness tions, at first from the easiest authors, and that the New Testament is bad Greek, cor- is deeper than that—to use a homely

rupt Greek, or any other opprobrious thing. phrase—in a black cow's stomach; and in increasing in difficulty with the progress it is merely Alexandrian; written by short

, “all that sort of thing” is better got the learner may be supposed to have nations not of Greece Proper, and after up than ever before since this species of made. This selection in amount is about the Christian era. But we confess we have manufacture was found profitable. twice as ample as that in Dalzel's Collec objections of a religious nature against the If any one would enjoy the luxury of tanea Minora; while the choice of matter

use of the Greek Testament or of the Eng- reading two 12mo. vols. without incurring is much more judiciously made in refer- lish Bible, as a common school book. To the slightest danger of understanding ten ence to the easy transition to each succes have a portion of the Scriptures in English lines in either, we can recommend to him sive portion, and to the instructiveness of the read by such of the pupils as can read with (or her) the “Wild Irish Boy.” If she (we contents. All the extracts are accompa: propriety and suitable feeling, is a good old incline to the fairer side) desires to listen to a nied with English notes, explanatory of the most difficult passages and containing ref- way of beginning and ending school, which soft tale of the loves, miseries, and murder

we never wish to be disused. But to use of a hero and a heroine, of whom the forerences to the rules of grammar exemplified the Scriptures to learn to read with, is a mer was an exquisite Irishman, about eight A few poetical specimens only are inserted different thing. The mutilations of their feet in height, soft as a zephyr and strongand those are all from Homer. On this subject the editor thus expresses himself in language, innocently made by the stam-er than a mad horse, and acquainted with

di mering learner, are shocking ; the mis- vers dead and living languages by instinct; the preface :

conceptions of their import often gross and and the latter was arrayed in unimaginable “ The passages from Homer are the only poetical painful; and the disregard of their power loveliness from her golden locks to her specimens which it has been thought desirable to and emphasis and sanctity, which is then classic toes, and gifted with ten times the adopt in this work. The tone of Anacreon's pieces and thus acquired, are causes why in after genius and learning that the ugliest woman is as exceptionable for a school book as the authenticity of many of them is doubtful. The peculiar-life they are read with indifference. All on earth ever possessed, -why then she ities of dialect in the pastoral poets, seem too great these considerations apply with increased may try the “ Milesian Chief.” But if she, to be acquired in or for a few pages of extracts; force, to the studying of another language, the reader, is endowed with an appetite for while the poems of Homer, at once the source and in the books of the Scriptures, and we are horror, which will be satisfied with nothing the most illustrious monument of the language

, of clearly of opinion that they ought to be less than a book that shall keep ber feet Greece, cannot be too early or too long studied.”

read for two purposes only, that of edifica- fast to the fender till the fire is all out and A glossary of the words occurring in the tion and that of critical study.

her nose is as blue as the flame of the canvolume is placed at its close.

The Greek Reader, we understand, has dle, and the flickering shadows on the wall Prof. Everett observes in the course of been required, by the corporation of the seem ghosts and ghostesses, and “her blood his preface, that he was led to give the University in Cambridge, of all candidates creeps through her veins like cold worms ;" Greek Reader an extent somewhat greater for admission from and after the Com- in such case she can't possibly do better than that of the Collectanea Minora, in mencement in 1826, and in consideration than get from the nearest circulating libraorder to meet the desires of several re- of the quantity of matter it contains, a ry, the “Fatal Revenge !" spected instructers, who wished for a substi- knowledge of the four Gospels only is re- Very different from all these, the earlier tute for a portion at least of the Greek Tes- quired in addition.

works of our author, is that which we are tament. We understand that this wish has We have also understood that Professor now noticing; and it is well calculated to been very generally expressed in our schools, Stewart has given his very valuable testi- interest some very much, and to amuse and hope that it will become universal ; for mony in favour of its excellence, both of somewhat very many. Since Sir Walter we are decidedly of opinion that the Greek plan and of execution, and that an exper- Scott has earned so much money and fame Testament is a work highly improper for iment of its usefulness is already making by the Waverly Novels, professional novelthe purposes of elementary instruction. in some of our most respectable academies. ists have striven to follow in the same track, We have already hinted at the familiarity

although they generally keep at a very reof the learner with the English of his Bible,

spectful distance from their leader. Thus, as forming one objection to the use of the The Albigenses, a Romance. By the Author in the Albigenses, an earnest attempt is original. With his recollection of the of " Bertram," a Tragedy: Woman; or made to add to its interest by mingling with

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its story great names and great events. inferred from the excessive and exterminat- vainly, in copying them, have added tint or touch : The principal persons of the drama are ing cruelty which finally subdued them. they were such as might have visited the inspired made of Scott's stock characters. Meg The spiritual weapons of the papacy were dreams of a classic sculptor, haunted by the godlike

images of the fair humanities of old religion,' the Merrilies, Front de Boeuf, Davie Gellat- found insufficient, and the sword was re- deity of Delos, or the son of Maia. The slight delaw, &c. &c. are there in a very thin dis- sorted to; crusades were preached against gree of unmanliness which the rose-leaf tint of the guise, and the general imitation is strik. them, and it was declared by papal authori-cheek, and the “riper and more lusty red of the ingly evident. In usefulness, as an impres- ty that he who slew an Albigeois delivered small mouth, gave to his contour, was corrected by sive record of an interesting period, it is the church from a more inveterate and the commanding character of his noble profile, the inferior to Scott's historical tales, by reason fearful foe, than if he had slain a mussul- shade of his dark hair, and short but thickly curled

beard, and a brow, on whose broad expanse thought of certain violent anachronisms and a few man. It is the sufferings, the efforts, and seemed to sit as enthroned." variations of fact;—as in giving Queen the habits of these people that this novel re

The Bishop of Toulouse, -no fictitious Isabella the children whom the first wife of lates. Philip Augustus had borne him, and in mak- There are very many faults in the “ Albi- character, but one who played a great part

in these stirring times,-is thus described. ing some of the historical characters bend genses,” but with them all, it is interesting. to his purposes rather too far. Still its use We do not love borror quite well enough amply appointed; in their van rode a body of

“ The Bishop led a numerous band of men-at-arms, in this respect is not absolutely worthless. to relish so much as Mr Maturin has spiced priests, one of whom sustained the weight of his The period and place chosen the south of his story with, and should have been as well vast crosier, and the other his banner, emblazoned France in the thirteenth century-are very satisfied if more of the mysteries were ex- with the mitre, and bearing the motto of the crusainteresting; the bistorical events which are plained and rather fewer impossibilities en- ders, Dieu et l' Eglise, wrought in gold. Close bethe basis of the narrative, are not common- dured or achieved. Still there is a great mule, and telling his beads; while two pages on

hind him was a confessor, mounted on a goodly ly known with much distinctness, and Mr deal of brilliancy about the style; the ac- foot led the prelate's war-steed, the noble animal Maturin seems to have sought diligently for tion is well kept up, as something or other champing and rearing, as if he longed for an armed all the information which could aid him. is doing all the time; the ruinous disorder, weight to press his loins, and already'smelled the

The Albigeois were an interesting race, the stern severity, and indomitable firmness battle afar off, the thunder of the captains and the or sect, not only in themselves, but as they of the Albigeois" are reflected from old shouting.' His master seemed to share his impawere the true progenitors of the French Mortality, but with some variety of colour-tience, often looking back on the fiery force he hop

ed ere long to bestride in battle, and which, in truth, Huguenots, and perhaps of the English pu- ing, and are well contrasted with the dis- none save himself seemed able to guide or to comritans. We are apt to think that the Re- cipline, the fiery courage, the courtliness mand. He had that marked and regular, but chillformation was the earliest dawning of light and magnificence of the crusading chivalry. ing physiognomy, which seems rather that of a upon the long and dark night of papal cor- There is one very serious fault in this work, statue than of a breathing man,-an impression ruption. But it was not so; more than one which we may have felt more sensibly from which was strengthened by the gigantic proportions bright spot opened in the heavens and spoke Mr Maturin's past profession, -that of a and the stern repose of his large, commanding eye.

of his figure, the immobility of his iron features, of coming day, though clouds soon closed clergyman. The fun of the novel lies with He was arrayed less according to the military cosover it; the resistance of the Albigeois to the monks and the heretics, and the Bible tume of the age, than to his own ideas of ecclesiasthe doctrines and decrees of Rome, was is unceasingly made use of to heighten the tical chivalry. He disdained the aid of the defenone such instance. It is difficult to know jokes. Its most peculiar phraseology and sive armour, allotted at that period to the higher precisely what sort of people they were or imagery are put into the mouths of hypo- of mail, but a corslet laced over a well-quilted gam

classes exclusively; he wore neither hose nor shirt what tenets they held, so various and con- crites, scoundrels, or fools, and it seems to bazon. He had also cuisses and greaves of polishtradictory are the accounts given of them be regarded only as affording excellent ed and ponderous steel; and at first sight it would by cotemporary writers.

But it should be materials for a jest. Nothing could require have been difficult to distinguish the warlike prelate remembered, that these authors were in the and nothing could justify this profanation. from a man fully armed, but for the magnificent and bosom of the papal church, and feared and It cannot be worth while to make an helmet hung at his saddle-bow, or was occasionally

jewelled cope which he wore on his head; while his hated the heretics, whose character they analysis of so long a story as this is; but we given to a priest to bear, who received it as revewere recording for posterity. It is certain will endeavour to make such extracts as rently as he would a relic. that they denied the most gross and perni- may serve to show how the book is written. " Combining in his single person all the physical cious errors of Rome; that they called its

The hero comes upon the stage in this powers that were the requisites of the stormy age in idolatries by their true name, and held a wise.

which he lived, with all the mental energies that make themselves known and felt in every

age, the faith which, whatever were its doctrinal errors, insisted upon the vanity of ritual “The first figure rode far before his companion, Bishop of Toulouse presented to the eye all that is

imposing and magnificent--to the mind all that is and ceremony as a means of escaping the so as almost to be alone. He seemed

in the vigorous overpowering and formidable—a man of power

and punishment of sin. With very great per- slender and Alexile graces of youth are strengthening his strong frame like the human part of the centaur prime of adolescence, just at that period when the might, body and soul

, whose strong mind clung to severance and success did, not only the into the marked and muscular symmetry of perfect of old to the animal part, making but one between pastors, but some of their flock, toil to over- manhood. He was in armour from

throat to heel, them; the former urging and directing the latter, come the obstacles, which, in those days, but it was of a construction that rather displayed and the latter seconding the mighty impulses of the made learning almost impossible to individ- than concealed

the exquisite proportions of his form; former with a force that seemed instinctive and conuals of humble birth, who were unwilling days, composed of innumerable rings of steel, as init was formed of that complete mail used in those

natural." to enter into the monasteries where all lite- tricately arranged as those of a modern steel purse, To make the next extract intelligible, rature then lay shrouded and buried. These and, from its extreme elasticity and flexibility, pos- we must state that De Verac, a fantastical heretics became so well acquainted with sessing a power of adaptation the nicest and most but valiant fop, and Semonville, a stupid the Scriptures, that the assumption of He- finely turned knee, the taper limb, and slender ancie, bull-dog sort of knight, had departed to

to of the brew names and the habitual use of Scrip-were as perceptible through it as if they were veiled gether from the castle of Courtenaye, the ture phraseology, served as a common only by the light texture of modern drapery. This rendezvous of the Crusaders, in hopes to mark to distinguish them from Catholics. armour covered the entire person, including even surprise the heretics, and enjoy alone the Their doctrines spread so extensively the feet; on the hand it was divided at the thumb, throughout Languedoc, and indeed all the but enclosed the fingers to the very tips; it was also glory of the victory. They were surprised south of France, that the principal nobles the same construction, which in battle was drawn means to get rid of their gluttonous warder,

furnished with a hood or shirt (as it was called) of and taken prisoners; De Verac devised found themselves compelled to follow the over the helmet, and on other occasions was, as on and they escaped. We give the colloquy example of Raymond of Toulouse, and re- the present, Aung back and hung on the shoulders, between the knights and the sentinel. sist with arms the armies of the church, or producing no ungraceful effect. **** suffer their estates to be laid waste and " The knight's head was covered only by a barrel They sat gloomily down on a rude bench of their vassalage destroyed. The hostility of cap, without jewel, plume, or favour, which did not stone, where their bound arms, drooping beads, and these doctrines to those of Rome and the locks; and his features, thus exposed, displayed that the tristis captivus in arcu in an old Roman

conceal the dark luxuriance of his curled chesnut dos-à-dos position, made each resemble the figure of danger apprehended from them, may be I perfect beauty, to which imagination or art would I triumph.


So here we are,' said De Verac dolefully, like a fractured rocks that formed its bed, and the streams | wilt report at need; but I tell thee, I cannot shake pair of birds trussed for these cannibals. Men say, that divided them, and amid which their horses off the heavy presage that weighs down my spirits the filthy knaves stick not to eat horse-flesh, and were now up to their haunches, now struggling for when I behold yon knight in black armour; I deem even ass-flesh; what 'then may'st thou expect, De a precarious footing amid the stony paths, till they him of no earthly frame or mould. Be confirmed Semonville?'_ If they devour me,' said his com- had almost reached its extremity, without discover that our death's-day is come, and that he comes a panion, 'never trust me an' I do not make shift to ing an individual, and their progress was checked messenger from Heaven or hell to tell us so.' stick in their throats, let them take it how they will.' by that perpendicular mass of rock, against which "Enguerrand endeavoured to cheer his friend; Instead of lying at peace on thy blazoned monu- the foremost rider almost dashed the chevron of but at this moment the black knight rode by them ment in effigy, thy feet resting on a greyhound, thy his barbed steed before he perceived it was an un- like a storm, his horse's feet scattering splintered shield by thy side, and thy hands joined in a fashion scalable barrier.

armour and lopped limbs like leaves in a gale ; and as if thou wert praying, heralds blazoning thy “The Albigeois watched their prey in silence : he shouted, Linger ye here while your task is un'scutcheon, priests singing mass, clerks penning not an archer drew his bow--not a slinger raised finished, ---your destiny unfulfilled? Follow !--folgoodly epitaphs'

his arm-till the last knight had rode into the defile. low me!" • There thou touchest me,' said Semonville, al. Then from hill, and cliff, and crag—from every “De Montfort braced his helmet and grasped his most weeping ; 'instead of all this, to be wambling thicket, bush, and almost bough—from front and lance once more at these words; and his companion about in the guts of a filthy Albigeois, like a frog in rear-from flank to flank-down rained the arrow- could see by the twilight that the flushed and sana marsh! Would that the first morsel of me might shower, thicker than the mountain-rain ; and fast guine hue of his countenance was exchanged for an choke them, or may I never see mine own castle came mingled the sling-stones, like hail in a moun- ashy paleness: he had but short time for observaagain!' - Not a morsel, not a single morsel,' repeat- tain storm: and every shaft had its mark--and eve- tion. ed the deacon, entering the cave after securing the ry stone left its dint--and the whole assault seemed “ Count Raymond and his knights came rushing door inside and out with the best of his care. dealt by invisible hands; for not a shout, war-cry, from the hills like a flood, and surrounded them on Curse thee, slave!' said De Verac, to whom the or word issued from the assailants.

every side. Enguerrand was the first to fall, and cupidity of his jailor had suggested a faint hope of “The Crusaders, entangled and disarrayed, still De Montfort after a few desperate blows, every one deliverance, Curse thee ! dost thou think that such were undismayed, believing this a mere desultory of which cost the life of an assailant, was struck mechanical morsels were ever intended for the food attack of the fugitives the flight of a few spent from his horse, under whose feet he fell so trampled of a noble or knight?" ***

arrows. All, however, agreed on the immediate and defaced, that the Albigeois vainly sought to reNow if I could get this fool to join me,' said expediency of quitting the defile; and with a wild cognise his body among the slain.” De Verac; then raising his voice, why, thou eld- and derisive, but still joyous shout, they attempted est child of famine and apparent heir of mere emp- to regain the entrance, and recover the height from tiness! thou who hast slept in a warren that thou which they had descended. It was easier to quit Das Volksleben zu Athen, im Zeitalter des mightest have visions of vermin; and hast given than to regain it. Their array broken-their ar

Perikles, nach Griechischen Schriften.-thanks over a second course of flies ! who hast sur- mour useless-their noble steeds galled, wounded, feited at the mere smell of a cook-shop, and lain tormented by the broken and rocky ground; back

Manners of the Athenians, drawn from drunk two days from winding a pipe of Malvoisie, ing, facing, rearing, and charging on each other- Grecian works. By J. H. von Wessenat the distance of a league! I tell thee thou wouldst plumes rent--banners torn--shield clashing with burg. Part 1st, Zurich, 1821. Part 2d, fall into a trance at the bare mention of the viands shield-housings died in blood;—what a different 1823. 12mo. pp. 132. our sumpter-mule carried but last night.?— Of a group did they present from that which, but a few surety the good creatures should not be disregard moments past, had rushed like a stream into the

(Continued from the last number.] ed,' said the deacon, who hearkened with his very valley, flooding its rocky banks to their height with mouth; "and' now that I think on't, what might a rich tide of gorgeous chivalry! Meanwhile the subject of the drama; in which the exces

There is an interesting dialogue on the your stores contain ?"

archers and slingers gave them not a moment's re*If I could but make this fool understand me spite ; and when they had at length struggled out of sive love of the Athenians for this kind of now!' said De Verac; ‘rememberest thou, Semon- the valley, the men-at-arms came rushing from the amusement, with their high estimation of ville, the delicious contents of our Mine,' said hills on every side like mountain torrents. *** the principal tragedians, is shown in a strikDe Semonville, held a piece of marchpane, an ag. " It was towards night, the shadows of which were ing sight; but we pass, in preference, to nus, and a charm for the tooth-ache.— Thou dream- deepened by the darkness of the surrounding hills, est or ravest,' said Verac; ' there was a huge nook of when De Montfort and his companion, wiping their the following conversation between Socpasty, some half-dozen pheasants and partridges' brows with their bloody gauntlets, sat down amid a

rates and Aristippus. Were they red-legged?' interrupted the dea- heap of maimed trunks and severed limbs, as two “ Socrates. Doubtless, Aristippus, you have con.- As my lady's fool in his new hosen,' said wearied woodmen sit down after the toils of the come from Cyrene, that you might pass here the De Verac;-a vast conger with a mane like a war-day amid the trunks and branches of a forest of three days, set apart to celebrate the memory of steed, and a sturgeon that the king's fishmonger felled trees, and looked round them to spy for suc- the fallen, which Pericles concluded yesterday with rode on up the Seine to Paris, as there was no boat cour while light yet remained in the sky. The his oration ? large enough to hold him?-May. this be true ?' towering form of the Bishop of Toulouse was still " Aristippus. I did, indeed, and how greatly said Mephibosheth.-Have faith in it, I tell thee, seen dimly on the verge of battle smiting with una- has this spectacle surpassed my expectations! thou unconvinced deacon,' answered Verac; 'other- bated force, but far distant from them. They saw Never have I seen any thing by which a whole wise perish in unbelief, and be damned, like a here- Paladour also ; but, could even shout or bugle-sound people were so deeply nioved, or which exhibited tic as thou art, to everlasting hunger.'

reach him where he stood, they knew him too strict in a more striking manner the dignity of the state, Semonville, who saw the turn matters were tak- an observer of the laws of chivalry to quit the body than this funeral celebration in honour of the ing, had the sense to hold his tongue. And may of his brother in arms. Of the other knights, ail Greeks who fell in the last war. I hope to find these curious viands thou tellest of' were slain, or had deserted the field. They saw “Socrates. And do you promise yourself any

Thou wilt find them, that is, if thou make speed; not where De Verac and Semonville, who had easily useful result from tbis celebration ? otherwise the Crusaders, or some of thy own vile found steeds and armour on the field, still shouted " Aristippus. The result is not to be expected ; brethren, will taste of dainty fare ere long :- I will their war-cry, though too late for all but danger and it was unequivocally displayed even during the gird up my loins, and that suddenly,' said the dea- death, and still did the devoir of gallant knights in celebration; I witnessed it. "The Athenian people con, with much trepidation; foul shame and sin it such guise as might well redeem the foppery of the were animated by one heart and one soul. All were if any of the weaker brethren fell into a gin one and the sullen dullness of the other. There was seemed to forget their personal interests in their and a snare because of the savoury meats of the a form they had beheld before, but knew not who common feelings for Athens. A brilliant flame of wicked. Surely for them to taste of the accursed he might be : it was a knight in black armour, who grateful recollection was kindled in every breast, thing in any wise were exceeding sinful-it were had late in the battle joined them and done valiant for the courage with which the fallen had offered abominable, and not good.'"

deeds ;-but he seemed to fly from one part of the themselves up for their country.

field to the other with a speed that prevented their “ Socrates. But is not this impression transiWe have hardly room for more extracts, either demanding his name or deriving hope from tory in its nature? but will quote a part of the first battle. his succour. The arrows now fell in a slackened Aristippus. If this should be the case in indiThe Crusaders, with a valour which lacked shower, the shouts came more distant, and this sin- vidual instances, it cannot be on the whole. its better part, discretion, had left their gular figure became more conspicuous from the in- “Socrates. Yet you are not ignorant that every men-at-arms at Courtenaye, and attacked creased desertion of the field.

trace of the deepest emotion is often speedily ob.

There come no succours from the Castle of literated. The theatre offers us many examples the heretics, who in the mean time had courtenaye, said Enguerrand De Vitry, turning of this. I am therefore curious to know why you been joined, without the knowledge of the his dim eyes sadly westward ;-'the lord abbot hath rely on a permanent impression from our funeral knights, by the Count of Toulouse and his been slain or taken, and we are left alone-to perish. celebration. army.

The shadows lengthen as our term of hope and life "Aristippus. Because, in this case, the whole waxes shorter.'

show, the whole pomp, every ceremony,--all which “The Crusaders rushed in a wild, tumultuous * Enguerrand De Vitry,' said De Montfort, thou struck the senses, seemed to proceed from and to train into the valley, descrying a few fugitives on knowest I am not superstitious, and how I have express the noblest wishes of the Athenian people, the rocks that enclosed it, and believing the rest had borne me this day in the bloodiest field I think and to be in perfect harmony with their highest shrunk amid its caverns and cliffs, disregarding the knight hath ever fought in, thou knowest well, and interests. There was nothing designed for vain


show or scenic illusion. All was devoted to one asked the question, Who rules at Sparta' repli- promiscuous and often absurb research, his object-and suitable to it-to raise and animate ed, • The Laws, and the magistrates in obedience egotism and intemperance of ruffian maligcourage, zeal,love of country. It is, therefore, a to them.' The people did not desire the absence wise regulation, which requires this celebration to of arbitrary power, but its possession ; not the uni- nity against all who may by possibility be repeated after every warlike expedition. Thus versal dominion of the laws, but dominion over cross his path. Change the names and one will the sacred flame be rekindled, in every bosom, them. But what despotism is worse than that of might think them copied from the appurwhich guarantees future victories. the people ?

tenances to his very valuable editions of “ Socrates. But you say nothing of the oration " Yet who, in our days, can think of Ancient our elder dramatists; take for example which Pericles pronounced over the ashes of the Greece, the cradle of our intellectual culture, Notes 5, 6, and 28. sacred dead.

without a lively sympathy for the present inhabAristippus. Because all praise must fall short itants of this fine country? of a country, whose

Odzooks, Papa, I'm dying. of the universal enthusiasm which it excited. But former liberty, arts, and renown have long since this acquired additional splendour from the pallid faded, but where Nature still blooms in undimin- itive meaning of this anomalus exclamation od

“I have been long puzzled to ascertain the primand perplexed countenances of the demagogues, ished beauty; and whose harmonious language, who slipped away, one by one, silent and asham- the deeds of whose lawgivers and heroes, and the zooks. Tooke (vide Div. Purl.) supposes it to ed, even during the discourse. The tearful glances inspiration of whose poets and sages, still live in have been a monkish epithet of wonder

. Todd of the silent crowd were directed to the funeral their immortal works; whose finest monuments of takes fire at this · random, so he terms it, conjecpile, when Pericles ascended the rostrum; but art are indeed crumbling into dust, but whose ruins ture; and the wretched Malone, in that farrago of when, by extolling the services of their ancestors, are still visited, with warm though melancholy drivelling malignity, the Commentary on Shakhe raised the dignity of their native city, and then interest

, by the lovers of the beautiful from all speare, dismisses it with his usual félicitous flippassed to the praises of the noble dead, exciting regions of the earth. Who but must wish, that pancy. But Todd and Tooke-et vitulá tu dignus the emulation of the living; when he united to this country, freed from the grinding scourge of ethic-are alike mistaken in their opinions, for this the sweetest consolations for the parents and cruel barbarism should again take her rank among

the phrase is simply interjectional, and as such other relatives of the fallen, and finished by re- nations and become a community of free, inde was much used by the wet nurses of the 15th, 16th, minding them of the immortal fame they had pendant, and noble-minded people * * *

and 17th centuries. acquired, and of the provision made by the state "Nothing is less desirable than to conceal, or "With sugar plums of full size, for the education and support of their children, till represent as less than they really are, the great And lollipops and bull's eyes. they should have reached the age of manhood ;- difficulties which attend the civilization of a peo- “The ever active kindness of Mr D'Israeli bas then all eyes were raised, and serenity was restored ple like the modern Greeks. Any illusion of this succeeded in furnishing me with the loan of a lollito their countenances; then every Athenian seem- kind would be most prejudicial to their improve pop, similar to the one mentioned in the text. It ed to feel a noble pride in being a fellow citizen or a ment; the object is to make out of lawless slaves, is oval in person, and from the saccharine lurelative of those who had fallen so nobly; the upright citizens and subjects. But the dominion of bricity of its flavour seems peculiarly adapted to thousand notes of gratitude and admiration were Pachas, from its very nature, renders civilization the palate of a stripling. The poet has therefore united in one exclamation of inspired delight, and impossible. Who does not wish then for the abo- happily associated it with the Bowtis or Bull's-eye the wives and mothers of the slain heroes, who had lition of this tyranny. The modern Greeks are conie to shed tears and scatter flowers upon their charged with ingratitude. Now for what in the of sweet and succulent notoriety. My own opinthe Tribune, that they might enwreath him with Lord Byron. Who can blame them for deprecat, that the lollipop was a species of stick liquorish, urns, rushed to meet the orator, as he was leaving name of Nemesis are they to be grateful ?? "asks ion, which I conjecture

to be right, from the simple

circumstance of its differing from Mr Malone's, is, the beautiful garlands, yet glittering with their ing a yoke laid on them by a people who defy all in which sense I find it respectfully mentioned by joyful tears.

laws human and divine? Who will not rather the authors of "Eastward Hoe' and the Merry ** Socrates. Surely, then it was no unmeaning rejoice if the exertions of the powers of Europe, Devil of Edmonton.” tribute when tears and lamentations were mingled aided by the mild laws of christianity, should be with the praises of their fellow citizens.

successful in procuring for the Greeks a sure foun- * Reverend Edward Irving attempted an imitation " Aristippus. Such a funeral celebration hon. dation on which to raise themselves to their just of the famous apostrophe of Demosthenes, &c. ours, in my estimation, the whole people no less rank among the nations of the Earth ?"

“Of this Dagon of the Philistines, it is impossi. than the individuals for whom it was designed."

Our author adds, under date of June, ble to speak in terms of praise. He is a dissenter, There are other dialogues as good as 1822 :

it seems, and of course unworthy the consideration those we have selected,—perhaps better;

of the orthodox. Still, notwitstanding his heresies, but the above translations are sufficient to nevolent heart. They have been much checked churches—but it is useless to say more, for who

“Such were the hopes springing up in every be. Hatton Garden is eternally thronged, while our give an idea of this little work, which is of by the unfolding of the policy of European nations, can sound the depths of human folly?" very equal merit throughout. The book but will they be wholly disappointed? This is

The preface, also, by Gifford, is an exseeins to us particularly calculated to inter- not perhaps the design of rulers. Yet, should the cellent caricature. The first and second est the young, and we think a translation prospect become still darker than at present, let us and republication of it here might be use

raise our eyes to Heaven in hope! The scales pieces in imitation of Washington Irving ful to assist in impressing the lessons of the dark cloud to secure, at a future period, the cause he who wrote them could not write

are there held by a hand which often makes use of and Wordsworth, are failures simply beGrecian history. We conclude our ex- victory of light."

well enough to reflect even a shadow of tracts with a part of the preface to the

their shade. Then comes Jamie Hogg, Second Part, bearing the date of January,

and it is excellent; evincing yet more 1822.

Warreniana ; with Notes, critical and ex- talent for poetry than for imitation or for " Athens had attained, at the time of Pericles,

planatory, by the editor of a Quarterly frolic. the highest point of refinement. But can the most


12mo. Boston, 1824. pp. 162. brilliant cultivation, not founded on the moral ele

"Bonnie Rob Warren gaed up the lang glenvation of all classes, fail to produce, with some This is, on the whole, an amusing and 'Twas on Saturday last, at a quarter to tengood fruits, many others which are the more clever book; very unequal, but with wit The morn was still, and the sky was blue, poisonous in proportion to the greater beauty of and brightness enough to atone for occa- and clouds were robed in their simmer hue, their colours. The most shining virtues and the sional stupidity. It is on the plan of the and the leaf on the elm Jooked green as the sea most splendid triumphs of intellect were exhibited “ Rejected Addresses," and parts of it are And over and under, o'er muirland and grove,

When it sleepeth in brief tranquillity; in alliance with a wanton luxuriance of crime and folly, which force from us, by turns, the highest perhaps better than any part of that book, Earth whispered o' peace, and heaven o' love. admiration, the deepest sentiment of disapproba- but its spirit is not so well sustained, Drowsy wi' porter, and scant o' breath, tion, and the smile of pity. The gratification of Robert Warren sells blacking at his Warren reclined him on Hampstead Heath; the senses was predominant in the refinement of shop in the Strand, London. He is some-The lark in mid-air douce melody

made, Athens. This is proved to us by the greatest ap- what remarkable for puffing his wares, And the cuckoo, herald of infant spring,

And the wind through the bushes in silence strayed; parent contradictions. It is this that drew more and this book supposes that he has engaged Soothed his ear wi' her welcoming; attention to sophists and jugglers of all descriptions than to the unadorned wisdom of Socrates all the talent of Great Britain to help him. Till rapt in reverie strange and deep, Even the splendour of public liberty, enjoyed by The effusions thus poured forth in praise of Bonnie Rob Warren fell fast asleep." people, was obscured by the maintenance of nu- by Gifford. The notes,-to begin at the

“He looked again, and the scene was new-
merous slaves. The graceful virtue of modesty
had long since been exchanged by the Athenians

;-are among the best things in the Spitzbergen's mirk regions rose high on his view;

But sullen as death was ilk ice-girdler coast, for a self-ignorance which knew no limit. Here book; they hit off

, to the very life, Gifford's For winter walked v'er it wi' tempest and frost, one could not answer with Archidamus, who, when air of paraded learning, his laborious but And the wind in reply to the bollow wave's mona,


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