Reconstruction During the Civil War in the United States of America
Houghton, Mifflin, 1895 - Constitutional history - 432 pages
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action administration adopted amendment American appear asserted authority Banks became become bill body British called character citizens civil colonies common compact condition Confederation Cong Congress Constitution convention course created debate delegated doctrine duty effect election equal established executive exercise existence expression fact federal federal government followed force form of government further governor guarantee hand House independence interest legislative legislature limits Louisiana loyal maintain majority matter means measures ment merely military nature necessary necessity never North notion object officers organized party passed persons political position possession present President Presidential principle proclamation proper question reason rebel rebellion recognized reconstruction regarded relations representatives republican resolution respect Senate separate slave slavery South southern sovereign sovereignty taken territory thing tion took Union United Virginia vote
Page 243 - It follows from these views that no State upon its own mere motion can lawfully get out of the Union ; that resolves and ordinances to that effect are legally void ; and that acts of violence, within any State or States, against the authority of the \ United States, are insurrectionary or revolutionary, according to circumstances.
Page 84 - The said states hereby severally enter into a firm league of friendship with each other for their common defence, the security of their liberties, and their mutual and general welfare, binding themselves to assist each other against all force offered to, or attacks made upon them, or any of them, on account of religion, sovereignty, trade, or any other pretence whatever.
Page 193 - That the Government created by this compact was not made the exclusive or final judge of the extent of the powers delegated to itself; since that would have made its discretion, and not the Constitution, the measure of its powers; but that as in all other cases of compact among parties having no common judge, each party has an equal right to judge for itself, as well of infractions, as of the mode and measure of redress.
Page 265 - I therefore consider that in view of the Constitution and the laws the Union is unbroken, and to the extent of my ability I shall take care, as the Constitution itself expressly enjoins upon me, that the laws of the Union be faithfully executed in all the States.
Page 266 - Resolved, That the United States ought to cooperate with any State which may adopt gradual abolishment of slavery, giving to such State pecuniary aid, to be used by such State in its discretion, to compensate for the inconveniences, public and private, produced by such change of system.
Page 418 - State before it can determine whether it is republican or not; and when the senators and representatives of a State are admitted into the councils of the Union, the authority of the government under which they are appointed, as well as its republican character, is recognized by the proper constitutional authority, and its decision is binding on every other department of the government, and could not be questioned in a judicial tribunal.
Page 406 - Resolved, That the several States composing the United States of America are not united on the principle of unlimited submission to their general government, but that by compact, under the style and title of a Constitution for the United States...
Page 415 - Therefore, I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, do proclaim, declare, and make known to all persons who have, directly or by implication, participated in the existing rebellion, except as hereinafter...
Page 195 - ... limited by the plain sense and intention of the instrument constituting that compact; as no further valid than they are authorized by the grants enumerated in that compact; and that, in case of a deliberate, palpable, and dangerous exercise of other powers not granted by the said compact, the states, who are parties thereto, have the right and are in duty bound to interpose for arresting the progress of the evil, and for maintaining within their respective limits the authorities, rights, and...
Page 218 - The inhabitants of the ceded territory shall be incorporated in the Union of the United States and admitted as soon as possible according to the principles of the Federal Constitution to the enjoyment of all the rights, advantages and immunities of citizens of the United States; and in the mean time they shall be maintained and protected in the free enjoyment of their liberty, property, and the Religion which they profess.